A Guide to the Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer Family, 1829, 1864-2007 Spencer, Anne, Papers 14204

A Guide to the Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer Family, 1829, 1864-2007

A Collection in
Special Collections
The University of Virginia Library
Accession number 14204


Special Collections, University of Virginia Library

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Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
Collection Number
Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer Family, 1829, 1864-2007
Physical Characteristics
4175 items, 22 Hollinger boxes, ca. 9 linear feet

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer Family, 1829, 1864-2007, #14204, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Acquisition Information

The papers of Anne Spencer were purchased from the Anne Spencer House and Garden Museum, Lynchburg, Virginia, by the University of Virginia Library on March 10, 2008.

Biographical/Historical Information

Anne Bethel Spencer was born an only child in Henry County, Virginia, on February 6, 1882, to Joel Cephus Bannister (1862-?) of Henry County, Virginia, and Sarah Louise Scales (1866-?) of Patrick County, Virginia. Sometime around 1883, the family moved to Martinsville, Virginia, where Joel opened a saloon. Sarah had relatives in Bramwell, West Virginia, and she moved there in either 1887 or 1888 to work in the Blue Stone Inn. Soon Anne was able to join her mother in Bramwell, where she lived with the family of the local barber, William T. Dixie and his wife, Willie Belle. In September 1893, Annie moved to Lynchburg, Virginia, at the age of eleven in order to attend Virginia Seminary for her education. She was registered there as Annie Bethel Scales in September 1893.

Anne Spencer graduated on May 8, 1899, and gave the valedictory speech during the ceremony held at Diamond Hill Baptist Church, Lynchburg. Following graduation Annie began teaching second grade in West Virginia, near Bramwell. She and Edward A. Spencer (1876-1964) were married on May 15, [1901] by the Reverend Frank Marshall in Bramwell, West Virginia, at the home of her friends, William T. and Willie Belle Dixie, and set up housekeeping in Lynchburg, Virginia. They had three children, Bethel Calloway, Alroy Sarah, and Chauncey Edward Spencer, and a fourth child who died shortly after birth with diphtheria.

Working with NAACP secretary James Weldon Johnson, she helped co-found the Lynchburg chapter of the NAACP in 1918. It was also Johnson who discovered her poetry and was instrumental in getting her first published poem, "Before the Feast of Shushan" to the public. It was published in The Crisis in February 1920. The poetry of Anne Spencer can be found in some of the period's most prestigious anthologies, including The Book of American Negro Poetry (James Weldon Johnson); Negro Poets and Their Poems (Robert T. Kelin); American Poetry Since 1900 (Louis Untermeyer); The New Negro (Alain Locke); Caroling Dusk (Countee Cullen); and The Poetry of the Negro, 1746-1949 (Langston Hughes and Arna Bontemps). Spencer is recognized as a part of the Harlem Renaissance literary movement not only because of her published poetry but her friendships with many of the other African-American writers of the time.

Anne Spencer became the librarian at the Dunbar High School in Lynchburg and worked there from about 1924 until 1946. She lived most of her adult life in Lynchburg, Virginia, chiefly at 1313 Pierce Street, where she hosted many literary and civil rights figures in her home during their visits to her area.

Scope and Content

The papers of Anne Spencer (1882-1975) and family, 1829, and ca. 1864-2007, and undated, 4,175 items (22 Hollinger boxes, ca. 9 linear feet) consist of correspondence, photographs, manuscripts and notebooks of poetry, short stories, articles, and prose works, often fragmentary in nature and undated, financial and legal papers and volumes, and topical files.

The collection contains manuscript poems, ideas for poems, and articles by Spencer, including an autobiographical piece, 1956, sent to Lee Greene, typescript copies of some of her poems by Greene, and articles possibly written for a column in the Pittsburgh Courier, but never published. Prose manuscripts include "Bastion at Newark," "Chattel slavery or why I dislike Booker T," "Comments about herself spoken to Ben W. Fuson," "Dear children," "In the thicket" [regarding a short story by Glenway Wescott], "LeRoi meets Lincoln," and "Virginia as Narcissus."

Poetry manuscripts include "Any wife to any husband," "Ascetic," "At the carnival," "Before the feast of Shushan," "Black man o' mine," "Creed," "Dunbar," "Epitome," "For E.A.S.," "Failure," "For Jim, Easter Eve" [also titled "To James Weldon Johnson Easter Eve (1938-1948)]," "Grapes: Still-Life," "He said," "I have a friend," "Innocence," "Lady, lady," "Lemming: O Sweden," "Letter to my Sister," "Liability," "Lines to a Nasturtium," "Life-long, poor Browning," "Luther P. Jackson," "1975," "Neighbors," "Po' little lib," "Questing," "Requiem," "Rime for the Christmas baby," "The Sévignés," "Substitution," "Terrence, Terrence," "Translation," "White things," and "The Wife-woman." There are also drafts and fragments of unfinished poems she constantly revised particularly "Big Ditch and the River," "A Dream of John Brown: on his return trip home."

Themes and topics in untitled manuscripts and fragments include books and literature; family; African Americans, slavery, segregation, and civil rights; gardening and nature; historical and contemporary events and figures; politics and government particularly in Virginia; and religion.

Correspondence of Anne Spencer is chiefly with and about family, friends, fellow poets and anthologizers. Of interest are letters from Sterling A. Brown, Countee Cullen, Victor Daly, Arthur P. Davis, W.E.B. du Bois, Helen G. Edmonds, Murrell Edmunds, Ben Fuson, J. Lee Greene, Langston Hughes, Altona Trent Johns, Georgia Douglas Johnson, Grace Johnson, James Weldon Johnson, Charles S. Johnson, Alain LeRoy Locke, Harry Meacham, H. L. Mencken (copy), Amaza Meredith, Clarence Muse, Francis Coleman Rosenberger, Frank Silvera, Idella Purnell [Stone], Howard Thurman, and Carl Van Vechten, concerning her poetry and their own work. There are also letters to Andres Burris and to Cleveland Amory re Ellen Glasgow, James Branch Cabell and racism.

Topics of interest in the correspondence include Langston Hughes, Adam Clayton Powell, Claude McKay, and William Raspberry, Jim Crow laws and segregation, and the Spencer family. There are many brief comments on people in the news and current events including the Democratic Presidential Convention of 1948 and the Republican Convention of 1952.

There are numerous photographs of family and friends including Guy Bluford, Celinda Wright Humbles, Joe Louis, Amaza Meredith, Clarence Muse, and Ulysses S. Grant Patterson, as well as a Tuskegee Airmen convention and the faculty of the Virginia Theological Seminary.

Financial and legal papers chiefly concern the Lynchburg, Virginia, property management business, tax business and chicken business of Edward Spencer. Many of his business ledgers were later reused by his widow for jotting down her poetry ideas. Also present is an 1829 New Hampshire deed, an 1863 will, and the wills of Anne and her husband.

Miscellaneous material includes material pertinent to an Anne Spencer Poetry Contest, the Friends of the Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation and the Virginia Landmarks Register inclusion for the Anne Spencer House as well as facsimiles of historic African American and historic broadsides; invitations; clippings; programs; a few papers concerning Chauncey Spencer, a Tuskeegee Airman, including a blueprint for a hangar at Dothan, Ala.; mimeograph copies of poetry by Gerald William Barrax; and a rough draft of "Searching for Anne Spencer" by Pat Doyle.


The papers of Anne Spencer arrived with almost no discernible order. The current order was imposed by the processor. The papers are arranged in five series: Series I: Correspondence (Boxes 1-6); Series II: Photographs (Boxes 7-9); Series III: Financial and Legal Papers and Volumes (Boxes 9-13); Series IV: Topical Files (Boxes 13-17); and Series V: Manuscripts, both individual and in notebooks (Boxes 17-22).

Series V is also subdivided into several subseries: Subseries A: Manuscripts with a title; Subseries B: Manuscripts arranged by beginning line; Subseries C: Topical Manuscripts with no titles, arranged by subject; Subseries D: Dated Notebooks; Subseries E: Undated Notebooks; and Subseries F: Poems and Other.

Correspondence is summarized at the folder level, and while all identified correspondents are listed, not all letters are described individually. When possible, negatives have been placed in the same folder with their photographs.

Poems and manuscripts with titles have their own folder and are listed separately. Other manuscripts are arranged by the apparent topic when it can be determined. Some designations of topics by the processor are very subjective and often several different topics can be found within a single manuscript. Dated notebooks are described first, followed by the undated notebooks. Undated notebooks have been assigned an alphabet designation to keep them distinct in the guide.

Contents List

Series I: Correspondence
Box 1-6
  • Box-folder 1:1)
    Correspondence - A: including Robert A. Abernathy; Joanne K. Abrams; [Martha?] Rivers Adams, Virginia M. Alexander, M.D.; Atlanta University, School of Library Science, Virginia Lacy Jones 1933-1974
  • Box-folder 1:2)
    Correspondence - B: including Frances and [Johnston Bahner?]; Judge Alfred Dickinson Barksdale (excusing Anne Spencer from jury duty); Ralph Barnette (asks for a holograph copy of "The Wife-Woman"); Winston Bell; N.F. and C.C. Berry; Maggie N. Bickerstaff; Bess Bondurant; Roberta Bosley, requests permission from Spencer to use her poem written to Mr. Johnson [For Jim, Easter Eve] during a memorial service for Johnson (May 27, 1940); Hortense Braswell; Camilla E. Brightwell; Nellie Frances Tiline Adams Brodis; G.H. Brooks; Marie Joe Brown; Elizabeth Burnette; Andrew Burris (with untitled poem attached to September 24, 1945); and the Butlers 1933-1972, n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:3)
    Correspondence - Daisy and Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989), chiefly Christmas cards, but also includes two early letters (undated) from Sterling Brown, recounting his activities, his reading, and poems he has written; one undated letter was written while he was teaching at Lincoln University, Missouri, between 1927 and 1929, which mentions his plans to enter "Big Boy" in the Nation poetry contest; and a letter, February 23, 1977, to Chauncey Spencer declining to attend the dedication ceremonies for the Anne Spencer House because of illness but enclosing a statement of their love, respect, and admiration for Anne Spencer to the Board of Directors of the Friends of Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation. One of Brown's poems, "To a Certain Lady, In Her Garden" was written to pay tribute to Anne Spencer. Includes a draft of an undated letter from Anne Spencer to Brown, with the note "A poet can easily tell a lie but gets the heeby-jeebies if he has to face one." 1958-1977, n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:4)
    Correspondence - C: including [Evert?] Calloway; J.M. Campbell, Jones Memorial Library; L. Carey; Jean Cason; Arthur P. Chippey; [Katharene W. Chippey ?], postcards signed "Kitty"; Rosa Lee Christian; Louise E. Coleman, Committee for Virginia of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare; and Mary M. Councell, concerning Spencer's permission to use the biographical sketch about her written by Murrell Edmunds (March 22, 1957, August 27, 1958) 1939-1970
  • Box-folder 1:5)
    Correspondence - Countee Cullen, reminds Spencer of the poem she promised him for the special issue of Palms published October 1926 (December 3, 1925); doesn't know "Wife-Woman" and asks her to send a copy of it with her other material (November 24, 1926); says her biographical notice was just the sort of thing he wanted for his anthology (May 26, 1927); thanks her for her two poems, wants to keep both of them, and quotes Alice Dunbar Nelson's comments about Spencer from her review of Caroling Dusk (November 17, 1927); and comments "The inclusion of your poem in Braithwaite's anthology for this year, is another happy evidence that this veteran anthologist is as discerning and as appreciative as ever" (February 1, 1928). 1925-1928
  • Box-folder 1:6)
    Correspondence - D: Victor Daly (author of Not Only War ), Arthur P. Davis (1904-1996), Howard University, writes about using Spencer's poetry in his anthology, The Negro Caravan (May 17, 1941) and later asks permission to reprint her poems, hoping to add a new one to the anthology (July 5, 1969); Mary Davis, briefly mentions meeting Maria Cole, wife of Nat King Cole (April 8, 1965) and the papal visit of Pope Paul VI (October 5, 1965); Lucille T. Dickerson, Jones Memorial Library; E.W. Dickerson about real estate (March 7, 1941); post card to Mrs. Willie Dixie from [Anne Spencer] announcing birth of a fine boy [November 6, 1906]; and [Miss?] Zita Dresner, requesting a list of her publications or copies of both published and unpublished works, and noting that she has devoted a section of her course on women writers of the Harlem Renaissance to Spencer (November 3, 1972). Anne Spencer has penciled a draft of a reply on the back of the letter, which says it was not sent. 1934-1972
  • Box-folder 1:7)
    Correspondence - W.E.B. Du Bois, asks her for some poems for publication in The Crisis , her entry into their contest, and for a photograph of her home and garden (March 31, 1926); a typed copy of his letter to Ruth L. Bartholomaw about Ann Spencer (May 9, 1928); also present are two cards, one announcing the death of Nina Gomer Du Bois on June 26, 1950, and the second announcing the address of Du Bois and Shirley Graham, September 1, [1951?] 1926-1928, 1950-51
  • Box-folder 1:8)
    Correspondence - E: Helen G. Edmonds (1911-1995), mentions review of her book [ The Negro and Fusion Politics in North Carolina, 1894-1901 ? ] (October 10, 1951), describes her trip across the ocean on the Queen Mary to Heidelberg, Germany, with the "stiff" attitude of the Americans towards her (September 24, 1954), and a card telling Spencer to watch television Monday evening, "President Eisenhower will be on. I hope I do O.K." (October 7, 1960); Murrell Edmunds discusses his personal difficulties of the past year, saying "I presume you have heard of my acute psychic upheaval of last Spring; and now I am in New Orleans for an indefinite period with my elder brother" and ironically shares some of his recent successes (December 11, 1934) and sends a copy of his book Behold, Thy Brother (December 18, 1950), has received a copy of her poem "1975" through Lee Greene, which he praises highly (December 27, 1974). There is also a draft of a letter from Anne Spencer to Edmunds, thanking him for his "precious packet of love and valiant friendship and mentioning Lee Greene and her poem "1975" (1974); James C. Evans, regrets hearing about the illness, then death of Edward A. Spencer (May 8 and June 3, 1964); John B. Evans, Jr.; Mary L. Evans; and Theresa G. Evans (1908-1999), wife of William L. Evans, co-founder of the Buffalo Urban League, and possible niece of Ed and Anne Spencer 1934-1974
  • Box-folder 1:9)
    Correspondence - F: Fannie Fairfax; Eleazar Ferguson; John and Ophelia Fisher; Bertinus Fleshman; and Mary Fox, Executive Secretary of the League for Industrial Democracy 1929-1967
  • Box-folder 1:10)
    Correspondence - Family, chiefly extended family and grandchildren of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: a letter from son-in-law Robert F. Stevenson, working in a laboratory in the Philippines, mentioning how long he had been married to Bethel (March 1 1948); and letter about a positive experience attending the 1948 Democratic Presidential Convention in Philadelphia with miners, farmers and "regular" people (July 28, 1948). 1943-1962
  • Box-folder 1:11)
    Correspondence - Family, chiefly extended family and grandchildren of Anne and Edward Spencer 1963-1976
  • Box-folder 2:1)
    n.d. Correspondence - Family, chiefly extended family and grandchildren of Anne and Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 2:2)
    1927-1954 Correspondence - Family - Alroy Sarah (Spencer) Long Rivers and Francis Ellis Rivers, daughter and son-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: discussion of Langston Hughes' speech at a protest meeting in support of Jacques Roumain (1907-1944), a Haitian poet in jail because of his Communist activities [ca. 1934?]; mention of reactions to Langston Hughes's play "Mulatto" on [Broadway?] [October 28, 1935]; copies of Alroy's correspondence with the Virginia State Board of Education about securing aid to pursue more graduate training in psychology (September 19 and 23, 1938); mentions a visit by Sterling Brown, who was lecturing at New York University [November 18, 1938]; comments on the book Black Boy and shares her experience in giving three lectures to the Business and Professional Women's group at the Brooklyn Y.M.C.A. on personality development and relationships while her audience wondered aloud if she was "colored" [March 17, 1945]; discusses her separation and upcoming divorce from Rawley Long [March 4, 1947]; her residence in Reno, Nevada (July 18, 1947); describes one of the homes of heiress Doris Duke (1912-1993) in Nevada [August 10, 1947]; her upcoming marriage to Ellis Rivers [1948?]; a very in-depth analytical letter from Judge Ellis [Rivers] (carbon copy) to Lloyd Kerford, Atchison, Kansas, about the uphill battle of the Republican Party to appeal to the Negro voter after the close of the Convention on July 11, with a document [by Ellis?] "A Resume of the Republican National Convention of 1952 as Affecting the Negro" attached (July 18, 1952); and a paper by Francis Rivers, "Racial Harmony as a Supreme Challenge to the Post-War Generation" (September 11, 1952).
  • Box-folder 2:3)
    1955-1972 Correspondence - Family - Alroy Sarah (Spencer) Long Rivers and Francis Ellis Rivers, daughter and son-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: Ellis Rivers shares his reaction to the film Something of Value (April 25, 1957); trip to Mexico (August 5, 1961); draft of a letter to the Editor of The Lynchburg News concerning their editorial about Edward Spencer (May 19, 1964); and a highly decorated "letter" to the Rivers from Alex Davis, at the Sagamore, Adirondacks, New York [July 17, 1965].
  • Box-folder 2:4)
    n.d. Correspondence - Family - Alroy Sarah (Spencer) Long Rivers and Francis Ellis Rivers, daughter and son-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: comments of Walter White about Anne Spencer at a New York library event (n.d.); her work for a candidate in a Congressional race against Adam Clayton Powell (n.d.)
  • Box-folder 2:5)
    1923-1959 Correspondence - Family - Bethel Calloway (Spencer) Stevenson, daughter of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: her reaction to the election of 1954 and television (November 4, 1954).
  • Box-folder 2:6)
    1960-1975, n.d. Correspondence - Family - Bethel Calloway (Spencer) Stevenson, daughter of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: a description of the desolate life in Newark, New Jersey, for minorities (February 12, 1968).
  • Box-folder 3:1)
    1941-1971 Correspondence - Family - Chauncey Spencer and his wife, Anne Howard Spencer, son and daughter-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer, including: a letter expressing his pride and appreciation for the life and career of Joseph Louis Barrow (June 19, 1946); difficulties with housing in San Bernardino, California, due to inspectors condemning the house to prevent their move into the neighborhood and help from Clarence Muse who sent over some studio carpenters, etc. to help improve the house on the weekends (June 6, 1958 and December 21, 1959); Frank Silvera, actor (1914-1970) trying to reach them and starring in a play reminding him of Chauncey's story (November 29, 1959); and a Clete Roberts (1912-1984) letter (March 28, 1962).
  • Box-folder 3:2)
    1972-1998 Correspondence - Family - Chauncey Spencer and his wife, Anne Howard Spencer, son and daughter-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer, including the visit of Lee Greene with the family (March 16, 1972); Garnell Stamps postcard about seeing the James Weldon Johnson-Anne Spencer letters at Yale (July 6, 1976); several letters from fans of Who Is Chauncey Spencer? (June 1 and 6, 1976); death of Grace Nail Johnson, with announcement of her death and two letters from Mrs. Ollie Jewel Sims Okala about her service (November 1 and 16, 1976); copy of a letter from Lady Bird Johnson about her visit to Anne Spencer home (May 6, 1977); and a copy of a letter thanking him for the article about his mother and his inclusion in the Smithsonian archives from Lady Bird Johnson (April 8, 1996).
  • Box-folder 3:3)
    1999, n.d. Correspondence - Family - Chauncey Spencer and his wife, Anne Howard Spencer, son and daughter-in-law of Anne and Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 3:4)
    1950-1976, 1979, n.d. Correspondence - Ben and Daisy Lee Fuson, chiefly Christmas and other newsletters from former Lynchburg College professor and family, one referring to the "moon walk" (September 28, 1969); one letter and a card to Chauncey Spencer, July 23 & October 2, 1976, contains a typed transcript of Anne Spencer's "Comments About Herself, Spoken to Ben W. Fuson" on June 27, 1969. An audiocassette with her comments of same date is also present in the collection.
  • Box-folder 3:5)
    1940-1975 Correspondence - G: Frances M. Gaylison; Eleanor Chippey G[ies?]; R.P. Gifford; T.B. Dalton Gifford; [C?] Scott Goins (Mrs. William F. Goins, Jr.); Frances Greene; Gwendolyn Greene; and Mary Guggenheimer
  • Box-folder 3:6)
    1972-1978 Correspondence - J. Lee Greene and Murrell Edmunds about Edmunds knowledge of Anne Spencer's life and work in Lynchburg, some of which was incorporated into Greene's book
  • Box-folder 3:7)
    1971-1975, n.d. Correspondence - J. Lee Greene and Anne Spencer, which illustrate his interviews and questions used in his biography of Spencer, including: letter designating Lee Greene her literary executor (January 15, 1973); letter discussing her comments about epithets, and referring to Woodrow Wilson and James Branch Cabell (September 4, 1974); a draft of a thank you letter from Anne Spencer (n.d.) and a draft of a letter from her about misplacing his letter and collage, with a couplet for LBJ, a reference to Senator Byrd and the Civil Rights Bill on page three, and a reference to the slaves at Jamestown in 1619 on page four (n.d.)
  • Box-folder 3:8)
    1972-1987 Correspondence - J. Lee Greene concerning Anne Spencer, including: a letter from Francis Coleman Rosenberger (September 30, 1972); Ben W. Fuson, describing circumstances of his meeting Anne Spencer while a professor at Lynchburg College (March 3, 1974); interest of R.P. Gifford in "developing a historical restoration project around her fame and contributions" at 1313 Pierce Street (April 3, 1975); Carrie Allen McCray concerning friendship of her mother, Mary Rice Hayes Allen, with Anne Spencer (November 24, 1987);
  • Box-folder 3:9)
    1976-1982 Correspondence - J. Lee Greene and The Friends of Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation Board, including: the selection of her home as a Virginia Landmark (September 22, 1976); Echoes from the Garden movie project (August 6, 1978); honorarium to Greene for preparing film script (May 14, 1980)
  • Box-folder 4:1)
    1971-1978, n.d. Correspondence - J. Lee Greene and members of Anne Spencer's family, including: a letter from Bethel Stevenson enclosing copies of letters from others interested in talking with Anne Spencer (April 9 and November 8, 1974); a forwarded letter from Harry Meacham and Murrell Edmunds (January 27, 1975); suggested changes or corrections for the biography (April 15, 1975)
  • Box-folder 4:2)
    1930-1974 Correspondence - H: Lillian Childress Hall; Eileen Hamilton, M.J. Hamlett; Lillian Harrell, with a poem by her, "The Birthday of a Birth" (December 12, 1938); Professor Gerald Haslan; Frances A. Henson, mentioning the visit by Mary Fox, League for Industrial Democracy (April 16, 1931); Bernice E. [Lomax?] Hill, teacher at the Fontainebleau American Elementary School, describes her trips and teaching experiences, 1956-1958, and local events and controversies in Lynchburg, particularly the construction of two pools, 1964-1965; Edna Holmes; Mrs. John Hope; Danny Howard; Thelma Howard; and the Hutchersons
  • Box-folder 4:3)
    1928-1966, n.d. Correspondence - Langston Hughes, copy of a letter (formerly pinned upon her wall) from Hughes to Anne about letter writing with an original envelope, "You and I are about alike when it comes to letters. I think about them for weeks, then I try to write, - and maybe some of them get written, - but mostly not…" Some of the text is missing from the copy (February 20, 1928); one empty original envelope with his holograph name and address while at Lincoln University [1928?]; Two unsigned pre-printed postal cards advertising Hughes' Troubled Island and the All Negro Poets issue of Voices, A Quarterly of Verse , edited by Langston Hughes (April 7 and December 12, 1949); A typed postal card, signed "Langston" concerning Spencer's poems, "Dunbar" and "Tengo Un Amigo" in the Argentine anthology Dos Siglos De Poesia Norte Americana " and also seeing Alroy the other day (January 4, 1950); a printed postal card with picture of "Africanesque" by Aaron Douglas and printed signature of Langston Hughes on message side (December 1954); news clipping of column by Hughes, "Famous Negro Women of History" in the Chicago Defender, mentioning Anne Spencer, and signed in green ink, "Greetings to you - Langston" (February 22, 1958); press release concerning Something in Common and Other Stories (February 27, 1963); a typed note signed by his assistant concerning a check for the use of Spencer's poetry in La Poesie Negro Americaine (February 18, 1966); undated holograph note signed "Langston" which states, "Loved your letter of last spring. Trains and tours seem to keep me from ever writing. But Happy Holidays to you!" The other side has his printed poem, "Christmas Cards" (formerly pinned upon her wall); and two signed but undated typed manuscripts of his poems, "Barrel House: Chicago" and "Lincoln Theatre: Harlem." Originals of all this material has been placed in the Vault-Hughes box.
  • Box-folder 4:4)
    1923-1969 Correspondence - I-J: Caroline Isham; Thomas Ishell, chaplain in the Marines, requests autographed copies of two of her poems (August 1, 1943); Ella and Billy Jackson; Harold Jackman; Joseph H. Jenkins, Jr. concerning photographs which he had made at Spencer's home and in which Braithwaite has expressed interest (October 20, 1938); Charles S. Johnson, editor of Opportunity , asks Spencer for one or two of her poems for his magazine and quotes a characterization made of Spencer by Georgia Douglas Johnson as "the lofty Amy Lowell type" (December 31, 1923 and October 22, 1924); Will N. Johnson expresses his appreciation for her poem "White Things" published in the March Crisis (March 3, 1923); Harold and Luella Jones; Amy P. Jordan; and M.J. Jordan
  • Box-folder 4:5)
    1933-1967 Correspondence - Altona Trent Johns (1904-1977) and Vernon Johns, discusses her music tour (June 23, 1933); a book by Santayana, Three Philosophical Poets (May 6, 1944); and Vernon's talk to the St. Louis teachers (February 3, 1947).
  • Box-folder 4:6)
    1923-1965, n.d. Correspondence - Georgia Douglas Johnson (1880-1966), mentions the poor health of her husband and her desire to know Anne Spencer (October 28, 1923); apologizes for not telegraphing due to the lateness of the train, etc. and tells Spencer that Dubois and Alice Dunbar, who referred to her as "Anne of the wonderful lines" really wished to meet her (December 12, 1927); always wishes she were closer geographically, "I do not separate you from your garden, your elegant verse and your sure philosophy" (February 24, 1951); and requests a photograph of Spencer to be used in "Singing Brown" by Cedric Dover (n.d.). Johnson also sends printed cards of her poems as Christmas greetings, including: "Brotherhood" (1954); "A Bit of Sky" (1958); "A Little Song" (1960); "The Poet" (1961); "What is Happiness" (1962); "The Poet" (1964); and "Triune" (1965).
  • Box-folder 4:7)
    1919-1955 Correspondence - James Weldon Johnson and Grace Johnson Most of this correspondence is from Grace Johnson. The majority of the Johnson-Spencer correspondence is in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Johnson encloses a letter from H.L. Mencken about Anne Spencer's verses, which he asks to be returned (April 3, 1919, copy only); draft of letter to Johnson from Spencer, asks if he has read Mencken's latest in the February Smart Set which she found very amusing and asks what he is writing, "It's going to be a pity if you ever begin thinking that being a Secretary is quite so utilitarian as being a Poet. I would rather have written say, your 'Lottery Girl' or 'Fifty Years' than to have written your Hayti articles, as thoro as they are." (March 2, 1921); a draft from Spencer thanks Johnson for his autographed photograph, looks forward to his visit, discusses a Detroit meeting about Civil Rights, and includes notes to herself about the evils of Jim Crow laws and the damage they do to the Negro soul [April 1921?]; another draft from Spencer discusses the Johnson-Dyer anti-lynching bill, "A natural rider to include in the measure would abolish Jim Crow cars. They are my black beast. Lynching the body is as final as it is undesirable, but the Jim Crow car lynches ones soul over and over again." She also writes about her poetry, "I have nothing new finished. But there are 'leventy-leven bits stuck in as many different places that promise something if I ever get at them." (October 20, 1921 on the back of a Johnson letter dated Sept 24 th ); on the back of his letter to her, dated April 14, 1922, where he urges her to continue her writing even if she has to sacrifice everything else, except the welfare of her husband, Anne promises to "take my talents as seriously as a movie-star - or a Baptist preacher." James Johnson sends condolences to Edward on the death of his mother (April 2, 1936); telegram from Rawley Long informing Anne Spencer about the auto accident that killed James Weldon Johnson and seriously injured Grace (June 27, 1938); Grace writes concerning her and others' appreciation and suggestions for the publication of Spencer's poem, "For Jim, Easter Eve" and also the exciting plans for creating a James Weldon Johnson collection at Yale University (November 15, 1947 and n.d.); and recollects her first meeting with Anne Spencer (March 4, 1955).
  • Box-folder 4:8)
    1960-1974, n.d. Correspondence - James Weldon and Grace Johnson, chiefly Christmas greetings from Grace, as James is deceased; Grace recalls their long and satisfying friendship and the poetry during the period represented in Arna Bontemps' American Negro Poetry (September 20, 1963); sends an invitation to the dedication of the James Weldon Johnson Elementary School in New York City, says that Langston Hughes has sent a message to be read and one of his books, and asks if she will send something or some of her children's books for the library (March 18 and May 8, 1966); asks if Anne has published a volume of poems or has a biographical sketch available and explains how Jim and her protégé, Ollie Jewel Sims Okala, who now shares an apartment with her has become like a daughter (July 7, 1966); enthusiastic description of the performance of Pearl Bailey in Hello Dolley [December 19, 1967]; and refers to plans for James Silvera to read Gods Trombones for recording (n.d.)
  • Box-folder 4:9)
    1922-1974 Correspondence - K: Ellen Kaplan; Harry Keeland; and Robert T. Kerlin
  • Box-folder 4:10)
    1942-1963 Correspondence - L: League of American Writers (form letter); Max Lerner; L.O. Lewis; Maggie Lucas; A.H. Lyle; Lynchburg Public Schools, concerning her employment at Dunbar (1946); and the Lynchburg Interracial Commission
  • Box-folder 5:1)
    [1923?]-1924 Correspondence - Alain LeRoy Locke (1886-1954), sends a postcard from Berlin, where he met [Claude] McKay, who had just spent seven months in Russia, and talked much about Spencer [August 23, 1923]; and asks Spencer to contribute some of her verses to his The New Negro: An Interpretation published in 1925 (October 20 [1924]).
  • Box-folder 5:2)
    1932-1953 Correspondence - Rawley Long, first husband of Alroy Spencer, chiefly personal and family news, including their divorce (January 2, 1948); attending a Civil Rights rally in New York City (January 13, 1948);
  • Box-folder 5:3)
    n.d. Correspondence - Rawley Long, first husband of Alroy Spencer, chiefly personal and family news, includes a story of how much Francis E. Rivers was moved by her poems in James Weldon Johnson's anthology of Negro poetry (n.d.)
  • Box-folder 5:4)
    1931-1975 Correspondence - M: Marshall Chapel; her niece, Mrs. Dollie Mason, asks advice about some antiques she has purchased (June 2 and [November 1, 1943]); Ruth Mayer; Harry M. Meacham, congratulates her on her 94 th birthday (April 19, 1974) and mentions hearing from Murrell Edmunds (January 20, 1975); Dot Spencer Meade; Hazel Moon; Monroe E. Moon; Connie Houda Moore; Evelyn L. Moore; Charles Satchell Morris II; Robert Morrison; Gay Morrow; Clarence Muse, actor (1889-1979), note on a family newsletter (August 1971)
  • Box-folder 5:4)
    1931-1975 Correspondence - M: Marshall Chapel; her niece, Mrs. Dollie Mason, asks advice about some antiques she has purchased (June 2 and [November 1, 1943]); Ruth Mayer; Harry M. Meacham, congratulates her on her 94 th birthday (April 19, 1974) and mentions hearing from Murrell Edmunds (January 20, 1975); Dot Spencer Meade; Hazel Moon; Monroe E. Moon; Connie Houda Moore; Evelyn L. Moore; Charles Satchell Morris II; Robert Morrison; Gay Morrow; Clarence Muse, actor (1889-1979), note on a family newsletter (August 1971)
  • Box-folder 5:5)
    1937-1969 Correspondence - Mc: Medora MacLaren; and Carolyn McPherson, thanking her for the copy of the poem "If Ever a Garden" (January 11, 1937)
  • Box-folder 5:6)
    1939-1976, n.d. Correspondence - Amaza L. Meredith, artist and former head of the Art Department at Virginia State College, Petersburg, Virginia (1895-1984), including greeting cards, programs, and letters, some illustrated with her artwork
  • Box-folder 5:7)
    1926-1974 Correspondence - N-O: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, asking Anne Spencer to gather some people who might be interested in reorganizing the local Lynchburg branch (March 15, 1926); National Trade and Professional School for Women and Girls; Effie Lee Newsome; Ross W. Newsome; Mary Noechel; Ollie Jewell Sims Okala, including a poem by her husband Etuka Okala, "Anniversary Piece" about James Weldon Johnson (March 12, 1948); condolences on the death of Edward Spencer (June 16, 1964);
  • Box-folder 5:8)
    1935-1974 Correspondence - P: including Lucille Dixie Palmer; Dan Payne, asking for information about John Chilembwe (March 28, 1958); Letitia Penn; Margaret Perry; George W. Peyton; Pioneer Bible Class; Poindexter family; Idella Purnell, who accepted "Lines to a Nasturium" for her Negro Poets number of Palms (June 26, 1926);
  • Box-folder 5:9)
    1927-1974 Correspondence - R: Georgia Reed; Pearl E. Reed; Dr. and Mrs. F.F. Richards; Billie Rivers; Pearl Virginia Robinson; Francis Coleman Rosenberger, requesting some of her poetry to reprint in his collection of Virginia poetry (January 23, February 7, 18, and October 22, 1947); and Louis D. Rubin, Jr. about Lee Greene's work on Anne Spencer (1974)
  • Box-folder 5:10)
    1961 Mar-Sep Correspondence - Recording of God's Trombones
  • Box-folder 5:11)
    1939-1973 Correspondence - S: Satellite Class; Private Hillary Scott (April 7 and November 5, 1943); Hattie Scott; Professor George Shepperson, concerning her classmate at Virginia Theological Seminary, John Chilembwe (January 13 and February 21, 1954; July 22 and 30, 1959); Katie Pryor Smith; Ruth Moore Smith; Carrie Trotter Spencer; Edward Spencer postcard (1939); Garnell Stamps; and Carolyn Stewart
  • Box-folder 5:12)
    n.d. Correspondence - Anne Spencer Drafts includes: Condolences, Greetings and Miscellaneous Drafts, including one to "Dear Poets" alerting them to her sudden departure to the doctor and her hope to return shortly.
  • Box-folder 5:13)
    1942-1970, n.d. Correspondence - Anne Spencer Drafts includes: Letters to the Editor of Several Newspapers, including the topics of Virginius Dabney (n.d.), Adam Clayton Powell (n.d.); amount and position of space allotted to murder story as opposed to the death of Admiral Richard Byrd (n.d.); humorous story for Reader's Digest (n.d.); the injustice of Jim Crow laws and the Acts of the Assembly of Virginia (n.d.); the incompatibility of the Selective Service Act and non-integration (n.d.); the loss of [Martin Luther King?] or some other strong leader (n.d.); death of Eleanor Roosevelt November 8, [1962]; expression of gratitude for a letter to the Editor written by Mr. Callahan (1963); and a letter to Richmond Times Dispatch (July 2, 1942).

    Letters to Publishers, including a long draft to Mr. Bosler about the possibility of publishing a book of her work, in which she says "I don't negate my poems - they are me in the years here they are my conversation with myself" (n.d.); drafts to Mr. Ferrone concerning possible publication of her work, "For over 70 years my pencil has sought a scrap of paper - to tell the bees, so to speak, and the habit saves from whatever local aridity I would suffer - hence I try to tell my truth as I do accept the truth of those who have reverence for it" and suggests Sterling Brown, Dr. Helen Edmunds, or Dr. Ben Fuson for writing the preface (1970 March, n.d.); "Darling Critic" explaining "Once I wrote some lines - ' I Have a Friend .' I was sitting in while a lovely lady explain[ed] to the group 'she means God.' I said later and meanly , I was not excluding God. I was trying of course to memorialize memory itself not had but have - About the other pieces you ask to use, please take part of sketch from Cullen's Caroling Dusk " (n.d.); a draft to "Gentlemen" giving some information about herself (May 21, 1963); an unaddressed note giving permission to use her poems mentioned in their letter and correcting the place of her birth (n.d.); and a draft to Mr. Amory of the [ Saturday Review ?] discussing Ellen Glasgow, James Branch Cabell, and racism, "the Negro knows the white man wherever he occurs better than the white know himself: we have tracked him down into his secret recesses where he had not take a look for a long three centuries," and continues "Through an inheritance from that great people the Jew He had given the world His Especial Image, Jesus, they grabbed the Image and began at once to pogromize the giver" (n.d.)

  • Box-folder 6:1)
    1926-1958, n.d. Correspondence - Anne Spencer Drafts to Individuals includes: drafts to Mr. Beecham, supplying biographical information (n.d.); asks Andrew [Burris?] if he would take an interest in a boy she knows who wants to write plays (n.d.); refers to Arthur Paul Davis (1904-1996) column, "With a Grain of Salt," in the Norfolk Journal and Guide that reminded her of a friend, Mary (n.d.) and thanks him for a copy of his book [ The New Cavalcade: African American Writing from 1760 to the Present and The New Cavalcade II ? ] (n.d.); James Evans (January 22, 1858); Mrs. Harris, writes a letter in response to her "Black and White" in the Post from her position as a female Negro (n.d.); Robert Herbert, appreciates his poems (Sep 15, [n.y.]; Mr. Lerner, listing some "illusionary history" facts (n.d.); to Mr. McKay, sends him copies of her poems, "White Things" and "To a Nasturtium" which she likes better than anything else that she has done. "White Things' I have tried to make gather up a caustic momentum as it rolls along a la McKay!" (n.d.); Mrs. Carol Paradise, Norton, permission to use her poems and advising her about biographical sketches (n.d.); Mr. [William] Raspberry on politics and his column "Potomac Watch" (n.d.); Miss Harriet E. Robinson, Harper and Brothers, giving permission to use her poems "At the Carnival" and "Questing" in Professor Joseph Smith's revised Fundamentals of Speech (n.d.); Rosa Tatum, Mr. Truman, takes the former president to task for his description of the Selma March as "silly" and gives her own opinion of the march (n.d.); Mr. N.O. White, responds to his letter to her which shows a complete misunderstanding of her as a person (November 18, 1947); and Mr. C.V. Wilson, Lynchburg, asks if local lodges and other organizations could raise money to help ameliorate the deplorable living conditions of the south-west American Indians (December 30, 1947).
  • Box-folder 6:2)
    1926-1972 Correspondence - T: Katherine [Rosa?] Tatum, at her request, Anne Spencer furnishes some information about her life for her master's thesis at the University of Oklahoma, "Mr. Johnson himself found me. He came walking through our woods one day and picked me up. A risky thing to do. My tastes are likely considered plebian by many 'Best People': I love - I mean love till it hurts - being a Negro woman. I love a Negro man [whom I married] twenty-five years ago. He is that rare creature with an understanding heart. You see, no dream can live unless somebody lets it live - or die unless the somebody kills it." She goes on to describe how she personally copes with Jim Crow laws (March 9, 1926); Alice Taylor; This Week Magazine Editor William I. Nichols, Anne Spencer had sent a copy of her poem about James Weldon Johnson for publication on the tenth anniversary of his death but was turned down (May 24, 1948); Em Thompson (postcards); Mrs. H.E. Thompson; Thelma Thornhill; Hortense E. Thornton; Howard Thurman (1900-1981); Sue [Bailey Thurman] asks Spencer to contribute to The Historical Cookbook of the American Negro in honor of James Weldon Johnson [October 1958]; S.W. Tucker; and Twin City Library Club, Bristol, Tennessee-Virginia
  • Box-folder 6:3)
    1949, 1964 Correspondence - Telegrams, all but one expressing condolences upon the death of Edward A. Spencer (1964)
  • Box-folder 6:4)
    1938-1953 Correspondence - U-V, including: United Asia ; Carl Van Vechten, thanking Spencer for sending her letters from James Weldon Johnson to the library at Yale (July 27, 1942; June 22, 1943); and Virginia Union University request for donation (October 25, 1938 and May 9, 1941)
  • Box-folder 6:5)
    1931-1965 Correspondence - Unidentified, including: a speech by Georgia Douglas Johnson at the American Interracial Seminar dinner (January 15, 1931); and a thesis on the development of the Negro woman in poetry (July 20, 1944)
  • Box-folder 6:6)
    1966-1973, n.d. Correspondence - Unidentified
  • Box-folder 6:7)
    1940-1966 Correspondence - Unidentified (Postcards)
  • Box-folder 6:8)
    1965-1976 Correspondence - University of Virginia and Other Institutions seeking the papers of Anne Spencer, including Howard University, Library of Congress, Virginia Historical Society, University of North Carolina
  • Box-folder 6:9)
    1956-1976 Correspondence - Virginia Theological Seminary and College
  • Box-folder 6:10)
    1943-1975 Correspondence - W, including: C.S. Warren; Odell M. Washington; James and Elizabeth Watkins; Eleanor Wheatland; Freda White; Violet Wilson; Paula Winder; Dr. Max Winsor; the Reverend Virgil A. Wood; the Woodruffs; Arlene M. Woods; and Rosa J. Woodard
  • Box-folder 6:11)
    1926-1940 Correspondence - Walter White, advises Spencer to read Willa Cather's "My Mortal Enemy" for an example of what she could do with her story (November 10, 1926); sends her copies of "My Mortal Enemy" by Cather and "Far End" by May Sinclair (November 19, 1926); thanks Spencer for the first donation to the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Fund, which has she suggested (June 29 1938 and March 21, 1940)
  • Box-folder 6:12)
    1942-1943 Correspondence - X, Y, Z, including: Madie Hall Xuma establishing women's clubs in South Africa and her research in the connection between African music and the Negro Spirituals (August 1, 1943); Yale University receipt for the correspondence of Anne Spencer from James Weldon Johnson (August 11 and 13, 1942);
Series II: Photographs
Box-folder 7:1-9:9
  • Box-folder 7:1)
    n.d. Photograph - Bessie Alexander
  • Box-folder 7:2)
    n.d. Photograph - Mae Alexander and family of [Dr. Alexander?]
  • Box-folder 7:3)
    n.d. Photograph - Rosemary Allen, with her nurse
  • Box-folder 7:4)
    n.d. Photograph - Mack Anderson, husband of Aunt Betty Spencer (1876-1948)
  • Box-folder 7:5)
    1873, n.d. Photograph - Joel Cephus Bannister
  • Box-folder 7:6)
    n.d. Photograph - Mamie Bondurant, age 18
  • Box-folder 7:7)
    n.d. Photograph - Nannie Bondurant (age 10); Louise Bondurant (age 4); and Mamie Bondurant (age 8), left to right, daughters of Edward Alexander Bondurant
  • Box-folder 7:8)
    n.d. Photograph - Reginald Bondurant, age 16
  • Box-folder 7:9)
    1919 May 4 Photograph - Richard Gordon Bondurant in uniform, age 20
  • Box-folder 7:10)
    n.d. Photograph - Bondurant children
  • Box-folder 7:11)
    n.d. Photograph - Captain Charles Breck
  • Box-folder 7:12)
    n.d. Photograph - Elsie Brown, Bramwell, West Virginia
  • Box-folder 7:13)
    [1907] Photograph - Leo Burke
  • Box-folder 7:14)
    n.d. Photograph - William Calloway, "Uncle Cal," with Bethel Calloway and Alroy Sarah Spencer
  • Box-folder 7:15)
    1958, 1961, n.d. Photograph - Children and Babies, including two class photographs for Kindergarten and Fourth Grade, Harding School, San Bernadino, California, and great-grandchildren of Anne and Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 7:16)
    n.d. Photograph - John Davies
  • Box-folder 7:17)
    1893, n.d. Photograph - Sarah Louise Scales Bannister Dickerson, mother of Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 7:18)
    1975 Photograph - Albert J. Dunmore
  • Box-folder 7:19)
    n.d. Photograph - "Edankraal," also includes a sketch
  • Box-folder 7:20)
    n.d. Photograph - J.B. Evans and granddaughter
  • Box-folder 7:21)
    n.d. Photograph - Muriel Fawcett
  • Box-folder 7:22)
    n.d. Photograph - Ophelia Spencer Fisher, sister of Edward
  • Box-folder 7:23)
    n.d. Photograph - Mrs. Fox, Dean of Women at Virginia Theological Seminary and College
  • Box-folder 7:24)
    1929-1954 Photograph - Garden of Anne and Edward Spencer, including photograph of Anne and Edward Spencer, Edward Spencer II, and Mrs. Fuson
  • Box-folder 7:25)
    1974 Photograph - Cynthia Granger (1957?- ), Model in "The Anne Spencer Story"
  • Box-folder 7:26)
    n.d. Photograph - Sister Louise Harris
  • Box-folder 7:27)
    1894-1900, n.d. Photograph - Gregory Hayes (d. 1906) and Mary Rice Hayes (1875-1935), later married William Patterson Allen
  • Box-folder 7:28)
    n.d. Photograph - Mabel and Minnie Hayes
  • Box-folder 7:29)
    n.d. Photograph - Mary George Hill
  • Box-folder 7:30)
    [1895], 1911 Photograph - Pearl Hobson
  • Box-folder 7:31)
    [1918] Photograph - Celinda Wright Humbles (1887-1976), her father worked at Virginia Theological Seminary
  • Box-folder 7:32)
    Photograph - Iris Elvira Jackson [1907?]-1997, Chauncey Spencer's first wife n.d.
  • Box-folder 7:33)
    [1921?] Apr 14 Photograph - James Weldon Johnson
  • Box-folder 7:34)
    n.d. Photograph - Dorothy Jones
  • Box-folder 7:35)
    n.d. Photograph - Marietta Spencer Jones (1886-1947) and her husband
  • Box-folder 7:36)
    n.d. Photograph - Rawley Martin Long
  • Box-folder 7:37)
    1944, n.d. Photograph - Joe Louis, boxer
  • Box-folder 7:38)
    1930 Photograph - Lynchburg, Virginia, Post Office Department
  • Box-folder 7:39)
    n.d. Photograph - Samuel Meade, married to Dorothy Jones
  • Box-folder 7:40)
    n.d. Photograph - Amaza Lee Meredith
  • Box-folder 7:41)
    n.d. Photograph - [Jenetta Moore?] and her mother
  • Box-folder 7:42)
    n.d. Photograph - [Mrs. Dan Moses]
  • Box-folder 7:43)
    1959, 1973 Photograph - Clarence Muse, actor (1889-1979)
  • Box-folder 7:44)
    n.d. Photograph - Lucille Dixie Palmer
  • Box-folder 7:45)
    1908 Sep 23 Photograph - Henry N. Parker
  • Box-folder 7:46)
    n.d. Photograph - Professor Ulysses S. Grant Patterson, vocalist and cornet player (1867-1916)
  • Box-folder 7:47)
    n.d. Photograph - [Seymore Pearson ?]
  • Box-folder 7:48)
    n.d. Photograph - James Duval Penn
  • n.d. Photograph - Poetry Contest, 12 photographs taken during the Anne Spencer Poetry Contest of her garden, house, and contestants (oversize)
  • Box-folder 7:49)
    1923-1951, n.d. Photograph - Alroy Spencer Long Rivers
  • Box-folder 7:50)
    n.d. Photograph - Francis Ellis Rivers
  • Box-folder 7:51)
    [1948?] Photograph - Francis Ellis Rivers and Alroy Spencer Long Wedding, Camden, New Jersey
  • Box-folder 7:52)
    1977 Feb 25 Photograph - Chuck Robb, signed and inscribed to the Friends of Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation
  • Box-folder 7:53)
    n.d. Photograph - Clara Seay, wife of Dunbar High School principal
  • Box-folder 7:54)
    n.d. Photograph - Lt. Sims and his wife, Minnie Hayes Sims
  • Box-folder 7:55)
    n.d. Photograph - Gaylord Smith
  • Box-folder 7:56)
    n.d. Photograph - Thomas [Smith?]
  • Box-folder 8:1)
    1896 Photograph - Anne Spencer, age 14
  • Box-folder 8:2)
    1899 Photograph - Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:3)
    1903 Photograph - Anne Spencer and first daughter, Bethel
  • Box-folder 8:4)
    [1905] Photograph - Anne Spencer, age 23
  • Box-folder 8:5)
    1917 Photograph - Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:6)
    1931 Photograph - Anne Spencer as Librarian at Dunbar High School, Lynchburg, Virginia
  • Box-folder 8:7)
    [1934] Photograph - Anne Spencer
  • [ca. 1968] 8:Photograph - Anne Spencer, head shot, signed (oversize)
  • Box-folder 8:8)
    1971 Photograph - Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:9)
    1972 Photograph - Anne Spencer in her study
  • [1975] Photograph - Anne Spencer, seated (7 oversize)
  • Box-folder 8:10)
    1925, 1944-1960, n.d. Photograph - Anne Spencer in her garden, including photographs with niece, Hilda Spencer Crisp and Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:11)
    1919, 1964-1978, n.d. Photograph - Anne Spencer Home in Lynchburg, Virginia, Slides of the house and interior walls showing the placement of photographs, etc.; photograph and negative showing lamp given to Anne Spencer at her wedding; painting hanging in one of the bedrooms of 1313 Pierce; two cats, "Phoebe" and "Judge"
  • Box-folder 8:12)
    1929, 1961 Photograph - Anne Spencer and Edward A. Spencer, one photograph with two granddaughters, Anne Bethel Stevenson and Barbara Ann Stevenson
  • Box-folder 8:13)
    1938, 1956, n.d. Photograph - Anne Howard Spencer and Children
  • Box-folder 8:14)
    n.d. Photograph - Carrie Smith Spencer, wife of Charles Spencer and daughter of the Mayor of Lynchburg
  • Box-folder 8:15)
    n.d. Photograph - Carrie Trotter Spencer, wife of Warwick Spencer, Jr.
  • Box-folder 8:16)
    n.d. Photograph - Charles [Sumpter] Spencer (1873-1957)
  • Box-folder 8:17)
    1911-1983,n.d. Photograph - Chauncey Edward Spencer, including photographs with Robert L. Alexander, Mayor Robert B. Blackwell, Highland Park, Michigan, and Astronaut Lt. Colonel Guion S. Bluford
  • Box-folder 8:18)
    1939 May 16 Photograph - Chauncey Spencer and Dale L. White in Lincoln Paige Biplane, at Preston Glenn Airport, inscribed by White to Anne and Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:19)
    [1893?], 1910, n.d. Photograph - Edward "Alexander" Spencer (1876-1964), age [17?], and as older man
  • Box-folder 8:20)
    ca. 1942-1948, n.d. Photograph - Edward A. Spencer and grandson, Edward A. Spencer II
  • Box-folder 8:21)
    n.d. Photograph - Howard Nathaniel Spencer (1880-1968), Edward's brother
  • Box-folder 8:22)
    n.d. Photograph - Kyle Marietta O. Spencer, granddaughter of Anne and Edward Spencer, at age 12
  • Box-folder 8:23)
    1903, n.d Photograph - Mary Susan Payne Spencer, mother of Edward A. Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:24)
    n.d. Photograph - Nelson Payne Spencer (1883-1966), "Uncle Shelly"
  • Box-folder 8:25)
    n.d. Photograph - [Roger Rhodes Spencer], Carrie's son
  • Box-folder 26)
    n.d. Photograph - Shelley Mae Spencer, daughter of Nelson Payne and Cora Meredith Spencer
  • Box-folder 8:27)
    n.d. Photograph - Warwick Spencer, Jr. (1878-1967)
  • Box-folder 8:28)
    1891 Photograph - Spencer Family Portrait, Warwick Spencer, Sr. (1847-1927) and Mary Susan Payne Spencer (1848-1936) with children
  • Box-folder 8:29)
    1952-1965, n.d. Photograph - Spencer family snapshots
  • Box-folder 8:30)
    n.d. Photograph - Barbara Stevenson ("Bobbi")
  • Box-folder 8:31)
    1923, 1934 Photograph - Bethel C. Spencer Stevenson
  • Box-folder 8:32)
    n.d. Photograph - Iris Terry, childhood picture
  • Box-folder 8:33)
    1934 Dec 1-15 Photograph - Second Autumn Exhibit of Paintings by Wiley Lane Thompson and David Patterson Boyd
  • Box-folder 8:34)
    n.d. Photograph - Anne Spencer Thurman
  • Box-folder 8:35)
    1975 Jul 31-Aug 2 Photograph - Tuskegee Airmen National Convention, Detroit Michigan, including: Enoch P. Waters, Jr.; Chauncey Spencer and the daughter of Grover C. Nash; and Willa P. Brown accepting the award of merit
  • Box-folder 8:36)
    1915, n.d. Photograph - Unidentified Men
  • Box-folder 8:37)
    n.d. Photograph - Unidentified Women (1 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 9:1)
    n.d. Photograph - Unidentified Women (2 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 9:2)
    1921 Photograph - Virginia Club Board, University of Virginia, taken from Corks and Curls , and including Murrell Edmunds and Virginius Dabney
  • [post 1978] Photograph - Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission marker honoring Anne Spencer (oversize)
  • Box-folder 9:3)
    1908, 1910 Photograph - Virginia Theological Seminary Faculty
  • Box-folder 9:4)
    [1920?] Photograph - Virginia Theological Seminary and College, Lynchburg, Virginia, Building
  • Box-folder 9:5)
    n.d. Photograph - [John?] White, husband of Emaline Spencer White (1871-1897), father of Gertrude and Bessie
  • Box-folder 9:6)
    n.d. Photograph - Catalog created by the Friends of Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation (1 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 9:7)
    n.d. Photograph - Catalog created by the Friends of Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation (2 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 9:8)
    n.d. Photograph - Negative File
  • Box-folder 9:9)
    n.d. Photograph - Negative File for Anne Spencer Oversize Photographs
Series III: Financial and Legal Papers and Volumes
  • Box-folder 9:10)
    1829 Apr 30 Financial and Legal Papers - Deed between Job Bryant Bennett and Abraham and Betsy Bennett, New Durham, Strafford County, New Hampshire
  • Box-folder 9:11)
    1910-1975 Financial and Legal Papers
  • Box-folder 9:12)
    1928, 1950-1961 Financial and Legal Papers - Property Management Business of Edward A. Spencer
  • Box-folder 9:13)
    1962-1975 Financial and Legal Papers - Property Management Business of Edward A. Spencer and Family
  • Box-folder 9:14)
    1955-1967 Financial and Legal Papers - Property Management Business of Edward A. Spencer - Statements
  • Box-folder 10:1)
    1961-1963 Financial and Legal Papers - Tax Return Business of Edward A. Spencer
  • Box-folder 10:2)
    1961-1975 Financial and Legal Papers - Wills of Anne B. Spencer and Edward A. Spencer, and Estate Papers of Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 10:3)
    1904-1911 Ledger of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 10:4)
    1907-1910 Ledger of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 10:5)
    1911-1917 Ledger of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 10:6)
    1917-1963 Ledger of Edward Spencer, including wood account and improvements to rental properties
  • Box-folder 10:7)
    1935-1941 Ledger of Edward Spencer, with index
  • Box-folder 11:1)
    1954-1961 Ledger of Edward Spencer [Account Book]
  • Box-folder 11:2)
    1963-1964 Ledger of Edward Spencer, includes some writings of Anne Spencer which have been copied and placed in the Manuscript Series
  • Box-folder 11:3)
    1942-1950 Ledger of Edward Spencer No. 1, with index, and section on costs of improvements to his rental properties
  • Box-folder 11:4)
    1955-1963, 1970 Ledger of Edward Spencer No. 3, with index of "accounts" and "tenants," and writings of Anne Spencer on the endpapers of the ledger, including: (front of ledger) moderns quoting Emerson; the search for truth; references to "the 13 th fairy," Poe's "take your beak from out my heart," Keziah Dyke; jailkeeper Tyree and Big Boy Davis; Agnew; Mrs. Stowe (Uncle Tom) vs Joel Chandler Harris (Uncle Remus); draft of a poem dated April 25, 1970; (back of ledger), references to experience; 10 black kittens; Birmingham; porter-conductor; Jim Crow Library; "Terence McSwiney" Charles Lindbergh; Tony, Emmy, and Oscar Awards; "Moon 14," and "How Far North Did Abraham Lincoln Go - in Space or History?"
  • Box-folder 11:5)
    1941 Ledger of Chicken Business, with index
  • Box-folder 11:6)
    1952-1955 Ledger of Edward Spencer's Tax Business, with index
  • Box-folder 11:7)
    1957-1959 Ledger of Edward Spencer's Tax Business, with index
  • Box-folder 11:8)
    1962-1963, 1972 Ledger of Edward Spencer's Tax Business, and includes writings of Anne Spencer, which have been copied and placed in the Manuscript Series
  • Box-folder 12:1)
    1960-1972 Ledger of Edward Spencer's Tax Business, with index, and includes writings of Anne Spencer: (front of ledger and index section) references to Matthew Arnold's "Darkling Plain," small town v the city, and television; "People"; musings about her mother on her "106 th birthday"; "My Generals"; manuscript beginning "The storm rising and falling in my soul by day, by night" (October 1972); and in the back of the ledger, beginning on page 120), manuscript beginning "Being so epitomized"; manuscript beginning "They come the vagrant ones" page 124 (October 1970); manuscript beginning "I am the only one left who remembers Gregory Hayes" page 126; "The Advisor" (December 1970) on page 127; manuscript beginning "[For?] I know God is. But pleasure is not" discussing kids and education on pages 128-129; discussion of bawdiness, the Jews and begot, Americanization of sex, and Stefan Lorant on page 132; draft to Mr. Ferrone about who could write a preface for her work on pages 133-134; and manuscript about Abraham Lincoln on back endpaper
  • Box-folder 12:2)
    1957-1964 Notarial Record Book of Edward Spencer, with index
  • Box-folder 12:3)
    1931-1933 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 12:4)
    1933-1934 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 12:5)
    1934-1938 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 12:6)
    1938-1942 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 12:7)
    1943-1948 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 13:1)
    1948-1951 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 13:2)
    1951-1953 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 13:3)
    1954-1964 Receipt Book of Edward Spencer
  • Box-folder 13:4)
    1970, n.d. Steno Notebook concerning legal cases, mostly blank
Series IV: Topical and Miscellaneous Files
  • Box-folder 13:5)
    1964, n.d. Addresses
  • Box-folder 13:6)
    1977-1991 Anne Spencer House - Thank You Letters
  • Box-folder 13:7)
    1976 Jan-1977 Feb Anne Spencer House - Virginia Landmarks Register Materials
  • Box-folder 13:8)
    1996-2007 Anne Spencer Poetry Contest
  • Box-folder 13:9)
    1959, 1977, 1998, n.d. Biographical Information
  • 1941 Dec Blueprint for a Hanger at the Advanced Single Engine Flying School, Dothan, Alabama, and the Air Corp Advanced Flying School, Tuskegee, Alabama (oversize)
  • Box-folder 13:10)
    n.d. Broadside Facsimiles concerning slavery, African-Americans, the Civil War, formerly tacked upon the walls of Anne Spencer's study
  • n.d. Broadside Facsimiles (some courtesy of Pioneer Historical Society) concerning slavery (4), reward for murderers of Abraham Lincoln, dissolution of the Union, Gettysburg Address, and a letter from Grant to Lee, formerly tacked upon the walls of Anne Spencer's study (oversize)
  • n.d. Broadside Facsimiles (some courtesy of Pioneer Historical Society) concerning the election of Lincoln, a playbill for Ford Theater, mourning for Lincoln, and slavery, which were formerly tacked upon the walls of Anne Spencer's study (oversize)
  • Box-folder 13:11)
    1947-1977 Business and Calling Cards, with some admittance tickets to events
  • Box-folder 14:1)
    1943-1977 Civil Rights and Related Papers
  • 1937 Jun 17 "Criterion" Certificate stating "The grand United Standard name of the Black race and her descendent is (Criterion)" signed by B[althus] Millionaire Watkins (oversize)
  • Box-folder 14:2)
    1933-1966 Dunbar High School, Lynchburg, Virginia
  • Box-folder 14:3)
    n.d. Dust Jackets for anthologies containing Spencer poems
  • Box-folder 14:4)
    1986 "Edankrall" Print, Lynchburg Bicentennial Card Honoring Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 14:5)
    1929-1971 Education, chiefly statements sent by Lynchburg, Virginia School Board and South Carolina State College
  • Box-folder 14:6)
    [1866?] Engravings from The American Conflict A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-1865 by Horace Greeley
  • Box-folder 14:7)
    1976 The Friends of the Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation
  • Box-folder 14:8)
    1977 The Friends of the Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation
  • Box-folder 14:9)
    1979-1997 The Friends of the Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation
  • Box-folder 14:10)
    [1999?] The Friends of the Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation - Notes and Photocopies of the Museum Photograph Archive
  • Box-folder 14:11)
    1931-1999 Garden
  • Box-folder 14:12)
    1989 Oct 15 Guest Book for Presentation Ceremony Virginia General Assembly Resolution honoring Anne Scales Spencer
  • Box-folder 14:13)
    1974 "Introduction" by William T. Whitsitt to the autobiography Who Is Chauncey Spencer?
  • Box-folder 15:1)
    1920-1949 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:2)
    1950-1954 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:3)
    1955-1959 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:4)
    1960-1963 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:5)
    1964-1969 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:6)
    1970-1977 Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:7)
    n.d. Invitations
  • Box-folder 15:8)
    1951-1974 Invitations
  • 1970 Key to Cardinal City given to Chauncey Spencer (oversize)
  • Box-folder 15:9)
    1935-1975 Memberships
  • Box-folder 15:10)
    1944-1971, n.d. Memorabilia
  • Box-folder 15:11)
    1959, 1964, n.d. Miscellaneous Materials, including: Community Funeral Home Visitors Register for unidentified person; a pamphlet of "testimonial letters" written by Laurence Foster, Ph.D. on behalf of W.H.R. Powell; advertisement from the editors of the 7 Poets Press for Charles Bukowski's Longshot Poems for Broke Players ; a modern typed copy (1959) of the will of William Gough, dated January 16, 1863; a Prospectus "Operation Bootstrap"; "The World and U.S." presented by Graduate Faculties Alumni of Columbia University (1964); and Japanese Short Verse-Forms sheet
  • Box-folder 15:12)
    1932 "A Miscellany Selections from Work done by the students in the course of Creative Literature at Fisk University"
  • Box-folder 15:13)
    1864-1965 News clippings and Printed
  • Box-folder 15:14)
    1966-1998, n.d. News clippings and Printed
  • Box-folder 15:15)
    1922-2000 News clippings and Printed - Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 16:1)
    1948-1977, n.d. News clippings and Printed - Spencer Family
  • 1953 May 18 News clipping "W-P [Wright Patterson] Man Helped Break Race Barriers" in AMC World concerning Chauncey Spencer (oversize)
  • Box-folder 16:2)
    1918-1975 Obituaries and Eulogies
  • Box-folder 16:3)
    1939-2004 Papers concerning Chauncey Spencer
  • Box-folder 16:4)
    1896-1966 Papers concerning the Spencer and Related Families
  • Box-folder 16:5)
    1927-1976 Permissions and Publication Agreements
  • Box-folder 16:6)
    n.d. Poetry and Manuscripts by Others, including: [Robert Browning]; Murrell Edmunds; Ethel Watts Munford; and M. Helen Vickers
  • Box-folder 16:7)
    1964 Poetry by Gerald William Barrax, Mimeograph copies
  • Box-folder 16:8)
    1940-1975 Political and Campaign Papers
  • Box-folder 16:9)
    1923-1956 Programs
    (1 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 16:10)
    1957-2006 Programs
    (2 of 2 folders)
  • Box-folder 16:11)
    ca. 1924 Reference Questions Notebook from Dunbar Library
  • Box-folder 17:1)
    1925-1960 Reviews
  • Box-folder 17:2)
    [1999 Feb 5] "Searching for Anne Spencer" by Pat Doyle, Rough Draft, with notes
  • Box-folder 17:3)
    n.d. Selected Bibliography for Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 17:4)
    1942, n.d. Stationery and Christmas Cards (Blank) of Anne Spencer
  • Box-folder 17:5)
    1971 Talks by Garnell Stamps
  • Box-folder 17:6)
    1939-2001 Tuskegee Airmen
  • [1968 Aug 8] 30th Wedding Anniversary Congratulation card from President and Mrs. Johnson mounted on a wooden plaque (oversize)
  • [1991?] 50th Wedding Anniversary "card" wood-burned on a block of wood and mailed from Chauncey Spencer to his wife, Anne Spencer (oversize)
Series V: Manuscripts and Poems
Box-folder 17:7-22:55
  • 17:7-17:61
    Subseries A: Manuscripts with a title
    • Box-folder 17:7)
      1948, 1972 Manuscript Articles written by Anne Spencer, for possible publication as a weekly column "The Indicator" for The Pittsburgh Courier but not used according to the accompanying explanatory letter from her son, Chauncey Spencer, June 25, 1972, to Lee Greene
    • Box-folder 17:8)
      1956 Nov Manuscript Autobiographical Piece by Anne Spencer [Untitled], copy sent to Lee Greene in 1976
    • Box-folder 17:9)
      n.d. Manuscript "Bastion at Newark"
    • Box-folder 17:10)
      n.d. Manuscript "Being 14"
    • Box-folder 17:11)
      [post 1962-1963] Manuscript "Books," chiefly discussing fairy tales
    • Box-folder 17:12)
      n.d. Manuscript "Books: Chattel Slavery or Why I Dislike Booker T."
    • Box-folder 17:13)
      n.d. Manuscript "The Chieftains"
    • Box-folder 17:14)
      n.d. Manuscript "Cousin Lou"
    • Box-folder 17:15)
      n.d. Manuscript "A Dedication"
    • Box-folder 17:16)
      n.d. Manuscript "Finale"
    • Box-folder 17:17)
      n.d. Manuscripts "For Madison Avenue" and "Fuzzy Wozzie"
    • Box-folder 17:18)
      n.d. Manuscript "For Narcissus"
    • Box-folder 17:19)
      [post 1962] Manuscript "For These Last Will-Testamentary Pieces"
    • Box-folder 17:20)
      n.d. Manuscript "For Unbalance"
    • Box-folder 17:21)
      n.d. Manuscript "Fun Is Always Funny"
    • Box-folder 17:22)
      [1961?] Manuscripts "G.A. Albany '61 Frank McGee" and "Interimposition" on back of sheet
    • Box-folder 17:23)
      1972 Feb 6 Manuscript "The Garden," in the format of a letter to "Dear Lee" [Greene]
    • Box-folder 17:24)
      n.d. Manuscript "Generals"
    • Box-folder 17:25)
      n.d. Manuscript "Harpers Ferry"
    • Box-folder 17:26)
      n.d. Manuscript "Hills of Placidity"
    • Box-folder 17:27)
      ca. 1924 Manuscript "In the Thicket" possibly a draft of Spencer's analysis of a short story by Glenway Wescott which appeared in The Dial (June 1924) (see Greene pages 61-62)
    • Box-folder 17:28)
      [post 1968 Sep] Manuscript "Land of the Free"
    • Box-folder 17:29)
      [post 1964] Manuscript "The Lear Lady"
    • Box-folder 17:30)
      1968 Feb 14, n.d. Manuscript "Le Roi Meets Lincoln" or "When Abraham Lincoln Met Leroy Jones"
    • Box-folder 17:31)
      n.d. Manuscript "Le Roi Jones"
    • Box-folder 17:32)
      n.d. Manuscript "Love and Gardens"
    • Box-folder 17:33)
      n.d. Manuscript "Miss Hallee"
    • Box-folder 17:34)
      n.d. Manuscript "Modern Poetry"
    • Box-folder 17:35)
      [post 1960 Dec] Manuscript "Mortal Sin is not Unbelief"
    • Box-folder 17:36)
      1945 Feb 3 Manuscript "Mother Comes to Defense of Patterson Fields' Chauncey Spencer" Letter to the Editor of The Ohio State News typescript copy
    • Box-folder 17:37)
      n.d. Manuscript "Nature" two apparently unrelated manuscripts with the same title
    • Box-folder 17:38)
      1970 Manuscript "Notes on Lindbergh"
    • Box-folder 17:39)
      n.d. Manuscript "On Second Thought"
    • Box-folder 17:40)
      n.d. Manuscript "On Swahili"
    • Box-folder 17:41)
      n.d. Manuscript "Over the Ocean Waves"
    • Box-folder 17:42)
      n.d. Manuscript "The Paladin"
    • Box-folder 17:43)
      n.d. Manuscript "Passover" or "Darkling Plain" titles presumed to belong to the page following them in the ledger
    • n.d. Manuscript Polish adage written in a calligraphic hand on a large poster board, "The first place for me to look for a helping hand is at the dangle end of my own arm." (oversize)
    • Box-folder 17:44)
      [1972 Apr] Manuscript "Preface to Lee's Collection Dear Children" with a typed transcript by Lee Greene
    • Box-folder 17:45)
      n.d. Manuscript "Premonitions"; also includes other manuscripts on the same sheet, beginning "compromise is accepting a little of what you know to be wrong," "I know why the sea beats her breast in the dark," and "The martins have come"
    • Box-folder 17:46)
      n.d. Manuscript "Rose Beetles"
    • Box-folder 17:47)
      n.d. Manuscript "Sammy"
    • Box-folder 17:48)
      n.d. Manuscript "Sociology of the Hebrew Religion"
    • Box-folder 17:49)
      n.d. Manuscript "Some Literary People and the Negro"
    • Box-folder 17:50)
      n.d. Manuscript "Speaking of Rivers"
    • Box-folder 17:51)
      n.d. Manuscript "The State Legislature Survey on Education"
    • Box-folder 17:52)
      n.d. Manuscript "Sunday at the Prison"
    • Box-folder 17:53)
      n.d. Manuscript "Sybarite"
    • Box-folder 17:54)
      n.d. Manuscript "13 th Fairy"
    • Box-folder 17:55)
      [post 1964 Feb] Manuscript "Time Machine"
    • Box-folder 17:56)
      n.d. Manuscript "Tyke"
    • Box-folder 17:57)
      n.d. Manuscript "Unfinished Business or War on the Third Front"
    • Box-folder 17:58)
      n.d. Manuscript "Virginia as Narcissus" with a note
    • Box-folder 17:59)
      n.d. Manuscript "The Web" quoting her mother about slavery
    • Box-folder 17:60)
      n.d. Manuscript "Why Read Books?" also includes a paragraph about writing about Jesus, a draft paragraphs written to a Mr. Kerlin about accepting some things on faith, a few lines about orphan Mary, deaf and dumb, and a statement about a library
    • Box-folder 17:61)
      n.d. Manuscript "Windows"
  • Box-folder 18:1-18:39
    Subseries B: Manuscripts arranged by beginning line
    • Box-folder 18:1)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Books are not just books"
    • Box-folder 18:2)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Evening and Morning the Sixth Day"
    • Box-folder 18:3)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "For not every white in the South struck Negroes or struck oil"
    • Box-folder 18:4)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "He fled from the very thought of it while new stars blazed"
    • Box-folder 18:5)
      n.d. Manuscripts beginning "A husband can more easily suit other women" and "Ophelia's parents were old when she was born"
    • Box-folder 18:6)
      [post 1951] Manuscript beginning "If one must admit to degrees of nobility"
    • Box-folder 18:7)
      [1970] Manuscript beginning "If typewriters have souls most are in for a long fall - come Judgment Day"
    • Box-folder 18:8)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "I'm the one against the contorted men"
    • Box-folder 18:9)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Invisible is our touchless earth"
    • Box-folder 18:10)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "It's no doubt somewhat physiologically true, that from the moment one is born"
    • Box-folder 18:11)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Madam, for this moment you may call me nigger, for the moment I permit…"
    • Box-folder 18:12)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Mr. Lippman's segregated sortie into my town"
    • Box-folder 18:13)
      [post 1941 Jan] Manuscript beginning "The Negro child's book is our street"
    • Box-folder 18:14)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Nobody can run you if you don't run"
    • Box-folder 18:15)
      ca. 1941-1945 Manuscript beginning "On my way to work this morning, I stopped for a look into a bright, tho serious world"
    • Box-folder 18:16)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Out in our Creator's universe" concerning Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    • Box-folder 18:17)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "People who search your anatomy for a place where the skin is off"
    • Box-folder 18:18)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Personally, I have everything I want, except, maybe, enough spring onions"
    • Box-folder 18:19)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Poems walk right out of your mind in such a queer way… in such queer times," Also includes a note in the back on the "morality of American parents"
    • Box-folder 18:20)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "A rosy moon hangs over Venice" and on the back of sheet "If I could hope in the years from now"
    • Box-folder 18:21)
      [post 1963 Sep] Manuscript beginning "Speaking of intermarriage"
    • Box-folder 18:22)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Tell me while I wait"
    • Box-folder 18:23)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "That the Stars Were Made For Man to Climb"
    • Box-folder 18:24)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "There is this stark likeness between our America and Russia after their serfdom"
    • Box-folder 18:25)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "These, awhile have been my joy; but, instead of these the raging loneliness of the lion whose mate died"
    • Box-folder 18:26)
      [post 1960 Dec] Manuscript beginning "These streets, the honey clay are too expensive"
    • Box-folder 18:27)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "They who kept the black buck at stud"
    • Box-folder 18:28)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "This business of going to heaven is obsolete"
    • Box-folder 18:29)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Time, the aged painter brush this clay, the stones - stroke by stroke, memorable" written in pencil on a board
    • Box-folder 18:30)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "To sit right here in a Kantian seat"
    • Box-folder 18:31)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "The universe-maker took time out from his prodigious job to punish"
    • Box-folder 18:32)
      [post 1960 Jun] Manuscript beginning "We are your hands"
    • Box-folder 18:33)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "We could skip Plato Seneca and Onassis - Er, I mean Aristotle"
    • Box-folder 18:34)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "We moderners are so afraid of purpleness "
    • Box-folder 18:35)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "When I am gone and you are here"
    • Box-folder 18:36)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "Woman's land is the country of sublimation"
    • Box-folder 18:37)
      [post 1965 Jun] Manuscript beginning "The year 1965 seemed an especially good year for the death of imminent and unique men"
    • Box-folder 18:38)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "You are still young enough to think of me as a woman sere - out worn"
    • Box-folder 18:39)
      n.d. Manuscript beginning "You Earth you poor strong scallion"
  • Box-folder 18:40-20:2
    Subseries C: Topical Manuscripts with no titles, arranged by subject
    • Box-folder 18:40)
      1946-1973, n.d. Manuscripts concerning A Topics, including: abortion and illegitimate births; accidents and chance; African-Americans ("Negroes"); age/aging; aliens; ambition (greatness); apathy; art; an author
    • Box-folder 18:41)
      1964-1972 Manuscripts concerning Autobiography and Family History
    • Box-folder 18:42)
      n.d. Manuscripts concerning Autobiography and Family History - Notebooks, tablet 3 has a partial typescript transcript in red ink
    • Box-folder 18:43)
      n.d. Manuscripts concerning B Topics, including: Bible (also includes mind vs. spirit); body cleansing; books (including one with the additional topics of remedial education and the evil of money; another concerning National Library Week)
    • Box-folder 18:44)
      1941-1964, n.d. Manuscripts concerning C Topics, including: calamus (also describes dream about skulls); cannibalism; cats; charity; child; China; the christs of this earth; the city; Civil War; compassion; the Congo; courtship; cowardice (oversize); creatures; crime; Crimea; culture
    • Box-folder 18:45)
      n.d. Manuscripts concerning Civil Rights and Integration
    • Box-folder 18:46)
      [post 1957], n.d. Manuscripts concerning D Topics, including: dead; dentist; detection; dogs; dreams
    • Box-folder 18:47)
      [post 1971], n.d. Manuscripts concerning E Topics, including: economics; England; equality; evil, executives
    • Box-folder 18:48)
      [post 1961-64], n.d. Manuscripts concerning Education and Learning, including the impact of slavery, schools in Lynchburg
    • Box-folder 18:49)
      [post 1945], n.d. Manuscripts concerning F Topics, including: fairy tale; the farmer; feelings for or against people you don't know; forgetting; Francisco; friendship
    • Box-folder 18:50)
      [post 1932-69], n.d. Manuscripts concerning G Topics, including: gardens; generosity; gentleman vs. man; German empire; gifts; good sense; Greece (ancient); grammar; greed; grief; growth
    • Box-folder 18:51)
      [post 1952-64], n.d. Manuscripts concerning H Topics, including: Haiti, mentioning Forbes, William A. White and Hoover; happiness; the hate of old men; hatreds of Europe; healthy bodies; heaven; "razing" hell; history books; honesty; household furnishing; humaneness; humanity (also includes generic references to "man"; humanity as true and false liars; humility; humor; husband and wife
    • Box-folder 18:52)
      [post 1959], n.d. Manuscripts concerning I-K Topics, including: ice and fire comparison; illiteracy; iron curtain: kindness; KKK
    • Box-folder 19:1)
      [post 1923-57], n.d. Manuscripts concerning L Topics, including: ladies, language; Lidice; a lie; life; love; love of mankind vs. the single man; love vs. lust; Lynchburg, Virginia (as compared to Roanoke)
    • Box-folder 19:2)
      [post 1941-64], n.d. Manuscripts concerning Literature and Libraries, including David L. Cohn's book Love in America ; Charles Dickens; Negro Caravan ; reading; Ida Tarbell; Tolstoy; Notes on the State of Virginia by Thomas Jefferson (includes mention of enslaving Indians and the prodigy, Phillipa Schuyler); Laura Jean Libby; Alfred, Lord Tennyson; Melville; Allan Tate; John Donne, Carlyle, and Piers Plowman; Nathaniel Hawthorne's Wonder Book ; Whittier and Longfellow; William Faulkner and Requiem for a Nun , [James Branch?] Cabell
    • Box 19
      n.d. Manuscripts concerning Literature and Libraries, including Dante's Fires, and Uncle Tom and Uncle Remus written on the inside covers of a three ring notebook (oversize)
    • Box-folder 19:3)
      [post 1941-66], n.d. Manuscripts concerning M Topics, including: machine, thinking with; man needing two hearts, body and soul; marauders; the Marstons; the matrix (die and fermentation); meeting again in another world; the mind; missions; money; moon; morality; moron vs. a fool; murder and double-standard convictions; music; mysteries or "whodunits"
    • Box-folder 19:4)
      [1939-1944], n.d. Manuscripts concerning N Topics, including: National Airmen Association; Native Americans; nature; "the Negro"; Newark, New Jersey; newspapers
    • Box-folder 19:5)
      [post 1944-72], n.d. Manuscript concerning P Topics, including: passementerie; pastors; peace symbol; pessimists vs. optimists; "pillar of fire"; poets in "whodunits"; poetry anthologies; Poland and Stalin; politeness; the poor; portents; preachers; pregnancy; prejudice; pride; psychology; purpose
    • Box-folder 19:6)
      [post 1926-66], n.d. Manuscripts concerning People, including: Mrs. Robert A. Abernathy; "Mr. Cabell and Mr. Rutledge"; Chelembwe (African native); comparing King David of the Old Testament and Senator [Carter Glass] of Virginia (also mentions a Mrs. Wilson who "died when she did because I prayed for her death"); Jefferson Davis; Hugh Downs; fable of Ralph Waldo Emerson about the mountain and the squirrel; Munroe Fox; Henry Garrett, Ph.D.; Jenny Geddes; Ellen Glasgow; Josepha Hale; Adolf Hitler and evil; Andrew Jackson; Andrew Jackson and others, including Henry Clay, Luther, Calhoun, Nat Turner, Bledsoe of the University of Virginia, and John [Brown?]; funeral of the Reverend Vernon Johns; [Georgia Douglas Johnson?]; James Weldon Johnson; Immanuel Kant; [John?] Kennedy; Coretta [King?]; Charles Lindbergh; Belva Lockwood; [Michelangelo?]; Robert Moses (1888-1981); the Nortons; A. Philip Randolph; Franklin D. Roosevelt and Shenandoah National Park; Anna Russell; Ignatius Sancho; Ellery Sedgwick, editor Atlantic Monthly Magazine , 1908-1938; [Sam?] Sheppard; Mrs. Shuey, Robert Browning, and Alexander Hamilton; Alec Simpson; Jan Christiaan Smuts, holism, and evolution; Stalin; the suicide of George Sterling, "this fatalist pupil of Bierce," by poison during a visit of H.L. Mencken to the Bohemian Club in San Francisco ([1926 Nov?]; Strom Thurmond; Harriet Tubman; Rebecca West; Walter White; Mrs. Woodrow Wilson; Mr. Young's column
    • Box-folder 19:7)
      [post 1942-71], n.d. Manuscripts concerning Politics, including: classless society; Federalists, Hamilton, and Pushkin; women and politics; Franklin D. Roosevelt and [Harry F. Byrd, Sr.]
    • Box-folder 19:8)
      [post 1919-60], n.d. Manuscripts concerning R Topics, including: race (on back of paper has peace and war); racism (includes mention of visit of General Carlos P. Romulo, aide to President Manuel L. Quezon to Lynchburg); racism and repression in Lynchburg; racism and fascism link; reading, including children reading; revolution; Rubifoam dental products;
    • Box-folder 19:9)
      [post 1923-64], n.d. Manuscripts concerning Religion and Metaphysical Topics
    • Box-folder 19:10)
      [post 1967-71], n.d. Manuscripts concerning S Topics, including: seeing like a child; semantics; service and friendship; shame; silence; sin, the soul; the South; speciousness, our mortal enemy; spring; stable
    • Box-folder 19:11)
      1932, [post 1950], n.d. Manuscripts concerning Slavery
    • Box-folder 19:12)
      [post 1956-60], n.d. Manuscripts concerning T Topics, including: tailor with a need to shudder; teaching (with humorous story); technology and science; television; television show, The Ghost and Mrs Muir ; thought; touchstones; truth
    • Box-folder 19:13)
      [post 1967]-1974, n.d. Manuscripts concerning U-V Topics, including: Vega star; violence; Virginia
    • Box-folder 19:14)
      [post 1929-63], n.d. Manuscripts concerning W-Z Topics, including: "wailing"; the war effort and race relations (World War II); West Virginia; the will, womanhood (Southern); woman of Southern extraction (also includes brief notes about the dead, Robert [Ralph?] Abernathy; women and feminism; women (African-American); women and politics; words; work; workers in the defense plants during World War II; World War II and the Japanese; and "Zilla"
    • Box-folder 19:15)
      n.d. Manuscripts discussing the concept of "a different country" and the poet, including ideas about each poet occupying a different country of the mind, the local poetry club being a "white country of Sahara-like aridity too pretentious for real poetry neither white nor black," apparent suggestions for a book title for someone, such as Black in Every Hue, since black retains every color and white omits every color, and a mention of her poem "At the Carnival"
    • Box-folder 19:16)
      1921-[post 1972], n.d. Manuscript Fragments
      (1 of 2 folders)
    • Box-folder 20:1)
      [post 1946-73], n.d. Manuscript Fragments
      (2 of 2 folders)
    • Box-folder 20:2)
      [post 1966], n.d. Manuscript Fragments mentioning individuals, including: Katherine Chapin; "Hallie"; artist Jean Helion; Charles Lynch and the Reverend Haywood Robinson (former pastor of Diamond Hill Baptist Church, Lynchburg); A.P. (a college president), Roland Hayes, Cecil Rhodes, Dr. [Jameson?], and Martin Johnson; Allen Tate; the Virgin Mary
  • Box-folder 20:3-20:12
    Subseries D: Dated Notebooks
    • Box-folder 20:3)
      1927, 1959-72, n.d. Notebook, consisting of an actual diary which has entries in ink by someone, probably for the year 1927, and to which Anne Spencer added her own material. Spencer's material will be cited by the "date" on the page of the entry, although it is assumed that will not be the correct date for her manuscript entries. Notes are organized by the "month" of the entries. Many of the entries appear to have been written at the height of the struggle for Civil Rights and integration.

      On the title page and its verso, she writes concerning the Constitution and slavery.

      In the main part of the diary, section for January, Anne Spencer writes about the Prodigal Son (January 1); the Byrds, Georgia's U.S. Senator [Richard B.] Russell, Jr., difficulty of African-Americans in dealing with "our appearance on this continent factually" (January 2); "Virginia as Narcissus" (January 3); a list of people and concepts placed in a credit column or a debit column (January 4); Notes for "Virginia as Narcissus" discussing racism and including a quote about her preference in epithets, "I choose Nigger to dear darky. Nigger given a 25 % to 50 % chance can defend me and himself but a darky is a moral queer " (January 5-11, and possibly more); the NAACP and her monetary involvement (January 11-12); mentions Roland Hayes (1887-1977) and the famous incident in the Georgia shoe store (January 13); Governor James Lindsay Almond's election, the Acts of Assembly for 1852-1854, "to read it makes one hope as in primate evolution that we have ascended from the apes," and the caste system in India compared with America (January 14-15); integration (January 16); Lindsay Almond's speech, the Byrd machine (January 18); takes issue with the statement of a Southern religionist Governor [Richard B. Russell, Jr.] teaching a "businessman's Bible class" on the radio, "only the Anglo-Saxon has exercised the art of gardening!" (January 19-21); the vanity of the state of Virginia and the editorial critical of local [Lynchburg?] Negro leadership (January 22); hatred spread world-wide through the threat of annihilation (January 23); mentions Friend to Friend: A Candid Exchange between Pearl S. Buck and Carlos P. Romulo (1958) (January 24); Narcissus (January 25); "Virginia as Narcissus or the Southern Mind" (January 26-28); Acts of the General Assembly of Virginia, passed 1853-1854 (January 29-30); the fascist campaign against the Jews and the idea of monotheism and quote from her poem "White Things" "and fling in the face of God with all your might Man-maker, make white" (January 31-February 1)

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the February section include: a story from Thinking Black by Dan Crawford and examples of ways "the Southern mind has shown its determination to reconcrete slavedom polices" through Plessy v Ferguson and Jim Crowism (February 1); quotes from Raymond Moley about empathy and praises Franklin Roosevelt (February 2); discusses public schools, epithets, Sequoia, and John Trumball, tutor at Yale (February 3); warns that history must be read with caution, mentioning Palgrave, William Byrd, and John Smith, until you get to Ellen Glasgow, "her fiction is the very essence of these new world folk in their dominating situation" and James Branch Cabell (February 4); Spencer asks the question, since public schools are equal, why not mix the white children into the equalized colored schools? (February 5); quotes from her poem "White Things" (February 6); discusses Faulkner in Japan and his comments about Japan, loyalty, the truth, and integration (February 7-9); U.S. Senator Jacob Javits on integration (February 9); Alexander Pushkin and Russian literature (February 10-13); credits the African slaves and indentured debtors and criminals with producing the American nation (February 11); mention of Anselm and Arthur Koestler (February 12); describes Hodding Carter with a good face and open countenance and comments about the South filling "the cities of our land with the ghettoes and explosions of the Harlem Projects" … with no mixed jobs or places without a sign "white ladies colored women" (February 15-16); the campaign of the governor in 1959 with his vicious comments about African-Americans (February 16-17); the divisions of white society and a few lines of poetry:

      Delicate distant shepherdess

      And hours that run

      Held by clouds

      From the blazing sun (February 18);

      Comments about Oliver Cromwell, Macaulay, Milton, and Harry Byrd (February 19-20); Mississippi Senator J.C. Stinnett, Robert Owen, integration conflict (February 21); Wendell Wilkie and Adlai Stevenson (February 25); hypocrisy of the South, "The South's anxious, eager even, willingness to give away an [intangible] Jesus in a far-flung all inclusive way but to keep for themselves His sheep on a thousand hills, the loaves and fishes, the hire without the work, the good part, supper in the upper room" (February 28).

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the March section include: some material for the John Brown poem (March 1); a draft of her poem "Any Wife to Any Husband A Derived Poem" written on August 1972 (March 2); more material for her John Brown poem (March 4, 6, 7); paean to Abraham Lincoln (March 8-9); material for "Le Roi Meets Lincoln" or "When Abraham Lincoln Met Leroy Jones" (March 9-11); begins a manuscript piece with "There is nothing more boring than too much connubial bliss" (March 11-12). The rest of March has ink entries from the unknown original owner of the diary, but no Anne Spencer.

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the April section include: states "the wild men; the red men, the black men were the foundation of their own calamity and of the white supremacy" in the New World (April 14); education (April 16); David Lee, H.L. Mencken, and public schools (April 17); Chaucer, Lowell Thomas, "yellow peril" (April 19); and "An Informal Talk to Myself on Virginia as Narcissus," part of it with the date June 1959 (April 20-21, 25-28).

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the May section include: "Negro Attitude Toward Each Other" and comment by Corra Harris (May 9); [Gullah?] language (May 19); material for her John Brown poem (May 21); "Appomattox was a victory for the South" (May 24); and references to Senator Jacob Javits and Clifford Dowdey, and a more in-depth discussion of an interview between James Weldon Johnson and Editor Douglas Southall Freeman when they talked about the Racial Integrity Law (May 26-28).

      There were no entries by Anne Spencer in June or July.

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the August section include: the missing record in the ages of mankind is that of the Negro (August 4); the sword of Jesus a weapon against cruelty (August 8); and more material for her John Brown poem (August 12-27).

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the September section include: "The Ebony Laddy" (September 26-27).

      There were no entries by Anne Spencer in October.

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the November section include: A family story about Edward A. Spencer and his propensity for finding useful articles, articulated by his daughter, "She learned, she said her first and only precept in chemistry: 'nothing in nature is lost.' That axiom was easy, she knew where all the would- have-been-lost things got to. Pop found them in his itinerary and brought them home." (November 10-11).

      Entries by Anne Spencer under the December section include: reasons why some lack possessions (December 4); more material for her John Brown poem ((December 5, 7, 9); "being somebody" (December 8); new breed of golfers, dated August 1972 (December 9); H.L. Mencken's quote about liars (December 10); integration of public schools (December 11-12); America and sexual promiscuity, dated October 15, 1970 (December 14); dreams and two greatest peoples in the world, the Englishman and the Hebrew (December 15); slavery, hatred (December 17); slave owners and the value of slaves (December 18-19); Emerson, and England's finest hour (December 20); the essence of religion (December 21); "Everything happens for the best" (December 23); [Fair Employment Practices Commission?] (December 27); America Firsters and proles (December 30); mention of Kathleen Norris (1880-1966), Charles Lindbergh, and Kelland (December 31).

      Entries by Anne Spencer in the Memoranda Pages include: Civil Rights and the right to vote; hasty pudding aristocracy; and Robert E. Lee, on the inside back cover.

    • Box-folder 20:4)
      1936, n.d. Notebook, has "Comments and Poetry" and Spencer's address written on front cover; inside front cover, Spencer writes about Archibald Rutledge, of "Hampton," near Charleston, South Carolina, "This is the Rutledge who writes of the 'mess that is Harlem.' Below we see 'Prince' on horseback. In an American magazine article Rutledge makes Prince out as having more sense, more poise, and a finer heart and a keener brain than he himself has; yet Prince's supreme chance for all his days is to sit momentarily ahorse and have his pitcher took. And too, that is why Harlem was born!"; other items following (in order of their appearance) include: a poem "From Half-past thirty"; a story about Zilla and childhood, beginning "Every childhood is a secret thing in a public place."; "Dialogue for Cards"; statement that after the discovery of coal in West Virginia, the young men of Virginia and Pennsylvania were sent off to make their fortunes in West Virginia; "The Illusion Machine" and other references to vision or images; poem "Garden Incident" (see also "Po' Little Lib"); poem "Invocation for a Christmas Baby"; comment "To lack a sense of humor is to be forever denied the pure Truth" with a poem about humor and laughter on the same page; draft of a letter from Spencer to "Darling C & G" about her trip to [New York?], recipe for a drink she had there, trouble with Chauncey, who wanted to go to aviation school, and couldn't get a job (October 18, 1936); names; and a draft of a letter to [James Weldon Johnson?] about his "perfect" book [ Selected Poems ?].
    • Box-folder 20:5)
      [1936], n.d. Notebook, containing the following (in order of their appearance): Notes about library classes or meetings, appearing throughout this volume, including Jackson Davis and General Education Board, and Mr. Smith of the Rosenwald Fund, ; quote [from Spencer?] "Let us be like trees that yield their fruit to those who throw stones at them"; discussion of definition as "man's weakest trap for catching God, to catch and confine" with examples explicit as to type of person, such as "the publican says goodly fear"; a veiled reference to cruelties of Nazism; the lack of a soul in hypocrites who steal the soil of the black man, take the black man himself from his kraal-house door, his salt, water, or other goods and then whisper Christ to him, like a bird looks at a snake "and neither the twain go home again" (scattered over several pages); Staff Organization with notes about library work, Miss Rose, Miss Smith, and Miss Hall; note about Chinese sailors; description of a funeral of an old man; statement beginning, "I know my soul to be sinful, I believe it to be honest"; a version of the poem, "Letter to My Sister" titled here "Warning to Women"; "Emotions"; description of "Insurance Superintendent"; "Warren's [Spectacles?]"; "Elmer Gantry" and questioning settled religious sentiment; new race law "pushed as many of us in as out , alas"; Lucile's Frederick; back-biting; "Opening Chapter - Jerry, I want to be, what I've never been, I want to be happy."; "Old Lady Warren"; a story about Zilla, who "felt no excitement over the coming of Clay's latest lion"; quotation about books; statement about human behavior; musings following the statement, "If you want a pretty comfortable state of being, you got to have a lot of fools to maintain it."; statement, "I cannot blame them. To gladly be a Negro in a day like this takes more moral courage and sense than God suffered most white men to have."; note about a story, "Old Lady Warren's house burns - she moves in with P. Clay temporarily and Zilla vows to make it as short as temporary could be made"; list of books; "Interlude: Warren's Wife" pages; and a note about a Richmond colored waiting room
    • Box-folder 20:6)
      1941, n.d. Notebook, consisting of writings within a bank register book, on the inside front cover, she writes that both "supply men" and "front line men" have one purpose, which is to "make the world safe for Tory-land." She sees no difference between [Charles?] Lindbergh and Georgia's [Eugene?] Talmadge. On the back cover, is a draft of a letter to Mr. Inger about Civil Rights; and a cryptic story of an unnamed, former poor-white woman who sought to find a better ancestry to support her newly accumulated possessions, such as membership in the D.A.R. and other such alphabetical extensions.
    • Box-folder 20:7)
      [ca. 1965-1968?], n.d. Notebook, apparently containing notes and responses of Anne Spencer to a series of interviews of Eric Hoffer by Eric Sevareid (CBS) on television; discusses and disagrees with Langston [Hughes'] comment about "dishwater gives back no images"; the televised debates between William F. Buckley, Jr. and Gore Vidal [during the 1968 Democratic Party convention?]; observations about truth; John Gunther; education and drop-outs; the down-trodden of the world from Saudi Arabia to the U.S.; discusses Poe quotation "Take your beak from out my heart" in relation to Allen Tate; "For good reading" a paragraph about the English language; comment about "helpful adverse criticism"; quotation "Whatever we crave we cannot have to possess is total loss. To hold is but to desire more again."; Prodigal sons, "Whatever we sell our lives for is a final bargain: it cannot be exchanged."; list of books; comment about Sir Walter Scott; and in the very back of the notebook, "Empathy" praising her husband's sister and Wiley Thompson; and mention of Edwin Embree (1883-1950), president of the Julius Rosenwald Fundation.
    • Box-folder 20:8)
      1967-1972 Notebook, containing the following (in order of their appearance): a note about the Creator, who left remorse to man; draft of a letter to her "dear Kin"; a note referring to "B.C." about the English language; "Sir Walter Scott versus Ben Johnson"; note about [Abraham Lincoln?]; "a stark high place of ash and cinder"; her preference for a gentle man until a hell raiser is required; mention of the Carson show, Bill Buckley, and Bob Newhart, all in the context of laughter versus humor; Henry Steele Commager and his book, A Continuing Journey , Spencer writes "My voyage I'm being on now is death much delayed"; "There is no place but this where four such roads meet"; "Bastion at Newark" (see other manuscripts with same title in Box 17); comments about Dorothy Thompson (1894-1961), columnist; draft of a letter to Lee Greene about going to [Randolph Macon Women's College?] to hear Ralph [Abernathy?], which also mentions John Brown and Harriet Tubman, and Agnes Repplier; notes about first chapter of Genesis ; "Influence" with two lines, "When the valley lily doth shake its cup// deeper must go the fisherman's net at sea"; "Dark Man O'Mine" poem very similar to "Black Man O' Mine"; and a poem beginning, "There's a rose new planted I've never seen."
    • Box-folder 20:9)
      [post 1969?] Notebook, containing the following thoughts and topics: a charwoman going to heaven and being allowed to clean and clean; on books; a thing of beauty and James Stephens; God; religion and the visit to the moon; draft of a letter to Mr. Ferrone; a piece about astronauts, titled " Sure, this is overkill "; in the back of the notebook, nationalism and peace; words too timid to use; and newborns and infants
    • Box-folder 20:10)
      [ca. 1971-1974] Notebook containing personal reminiscences and stories, beginning with a draft of a letter from Spencer to Lee Greene about his frustrations in trying "to move my life into the sun"; continuing with her marriage, mention of the wife of Thomas [W.?] Fleming (1874-1948), black Republican councilman from Cleveland, Lethia Cousins Fleming (1876-1963), Annie's delayed honeymoon trip to Washington, D.C. and Baltimore when her oldest child was twelve, and two unrelated manuscript fragments. Greene did a typed transcript of most of this notebook and it has also been placed in this folder.
    • Box-folder 20:11)
      1972 Jun 24 Notebook kept by Lee Greene containing notes about Anne Spencer's work and life used in his book, Time's Unfading Garden , including notes from an interview called "Visit to Anne Spencer, June 24, 1972," 15 pages. Specific poems mentioned include: "The Skeptic" and "White Things" (page 8-9); poem about Terence MacSwiney, also called "Terence, Terence" (page 9); "Generals" and a poem about John Brown (page 9 and 15); her spider poem "Po Little Lib" (page 12); "The Wife Woman" (page 15) and a story about a crow named Joe (page 11).
    • Box-folder 20:12)
      1974 Jul 2-3, n.d. Notebook kept by Lee Greene containing notes about Anne Spencer's work and life used in his book, Time's Unfading Garden , most taken during a visit to Anne Spencer, July 2-3, 1974, including notes on American culture; two lists of books, possibly for classes; list of things to questions to ask Spencer about including: "Any Wife," friendship with Georgia Johnson, William Stafford, and Murrell Edmunds about "Ghetto Night"; notes about the Terence MacSwiney poem, "Earth Songs," and "Wife Woman"; copy of poem "1975" and notes about "Po Little Lib"; and John Brown and "The Lemming."
  • Box-folder 21:1-21:19
    Subseries E: Undated Notebooks
    • Box-folder 21:1)
      n.d. Notebook A, with literary and other allusions, including Bernard Schwartz, The Nigger of the Narcissus , William Faulkner, D.H. Lawrence, Alfred North Whitehead, "whodunits" by Dorothy Sayers and Agatha Christie, Jude the Obscure , and Edgar A. Poe and "The Raven"
    • Box-folder 21:2)
      n.d. Notebook B, concerning thoughts about poetry, language, and words, with mention of John Brown's hanging and Harriet Tubman
    • Box-folder 21:3)
      n.d. Notebook C, containing the poem "Epitome," with notes on "I Have a Friend" and "At the Carnival" all with a typed transcription by [Lee Greene?], plus material on "Miss Lucy" and the family
    • Box-folder 21:4)
      n.d. Notebook D, containing several titled manuscript pieces, "The Kings of Time," and "USA - Man," which mentions a Reverend Wilkie and Bob Moses of Knoxville, Tennessee; a notation to include in the John Brown poem, "G- Heaven is ever anxious to contain its own mistakes" and possibly another page to include at the back of the notebook; and "Nature has protected its future finely."
    • Box-folder 21:5)
      n.d. Notebook E, containing comments about the use of guns against [student?] protests; if God was dead in Newark; Stefan Lorant, who did a picture biography of Abraham Lincoln; inertia; humanhood (several pages); 25 word list, possibly of flower names; comparison of the United States to a long term marriage where each partner has "to exchange and endure more and longer passels of habits each could do without"; countries "pogromming the Jews since AD instead of thanking them for a God rising upon the water - and were inorganic and organic effulgence of a complete existence"; her senses "now all my - 5 are slightly impaired save my sense of gratitude and affection"; and a comment about John Milton
    • Box-folder 21:6)
      n.d. Notebook F, comments on clothing and hats; draft of a fan letter to children's writer, Effie Lee [Newsome] (1885-1979), discussing her library work and poetry, lists by educators of what children need to learn and when, using as an example the partition of Poland and the book Pan Michael , resulting in "no adventures, no surprises. No standing stark and bare on Patmos as some cataclysmic revelation of Power of Beauty rolls over us. A lot of us know that by 'abundant life' Christ meant that the soul ought to be held together by a few purple patches"; and comments about a picture in the [ Christian Science Monitor ?] of seven poor-white men.
    • Box-folder 21:7)
      n.d. Notebook G, (largely illegible) discussing the human mind and selfhood; possible poem beginning "occurs the salient storm" and another "I met a little Harlem girl, she was 16 years"; forgetting one of her mother's axioms; a statement about poetry, "There is nothing that many people dislike more than poetry : The grubstake mind seems not to know or care that is poetry."
    • Box-folder 21:8)
      n.d. Notebook H, begins with "Far As I Know" which discusses W.E.B. Du Bois and his sense of humor; a start of a poem dedicated to Pop; a poem "Dust Bowl"; ending line from "Po Little Lib"; oblique reference to the fable of Ralph Waldo Emerson about the mountain and the squirrel; "Note for Norton" publishers, about her diatribe; poem "Big Ditch"; draft of a letter to Geoffrey Matthew about the progress of his Learning Tree and quoting a few lines from her poem "O Pinions or words on a wing"; "Genealogy" which tells stories from her earliest memories of childhood and details about her parents, Joel and Sarah Louise; "Index to Tape Pronouns," which includes comments about history, "The best things in history books never happened," survival, a laundress on her street, and memories of her earliest schooling; discussion of semantics; more memories of the conflict between her father and mother; note on the verso about Mencken and her work; recollections of her early life and marriage to Edward Spencer (6 pages); "Dubois" perhaps a quote?; several pages that appear to match the ideas in "Bastion at Newark"; and near the very end of the notebook, discussion of what makes a "bourgeoisie boor" and a statement "I'm glad I was born in the beginning of a world the Creator now regrets He even made - instead of its end." Also present was a loose page, containing a poem about an "awesome ring, feeding on arc after arc."
    • Box-folder 21:9)
      n.d. Notebook I, quote on cover from [Ronald?] Reagan, with a comment by Anne Spencer, "So there we have a man of minimum intelligence with a plusful mouth"; comments about archaeology, braggadocio, and what is wrong with our seminaries; Stokely [Carmichael?] and McKissnic; quote "Sometimes, I think if life does not knock you down when you are nine you won't have any sense when you are ninety"; "Lincoln is Still at Newark"; note about Nicolay and chattledom; "weather for today huge bronze inertness; observation that once "the word is got" by humans we begin a marvelous process called "o-pinion or the flying mind-on-wing" and "There's Mr. Eric Hoffer lonely reader of word books, encyclopedia, and the sea at waterfront"; wishes for her reader to hope along with Flannery O'Connor that "Everything That Rises Must Converge"; "On Your Noe and youth; God refusing to answer the prayers of the righteous because there are too many; comment about Corra Harris and her Recording Angel ; statement that she wanted books and lucre, needed in that order; mention of Stefan Lorant; "Newark Junction" about bronze statue of Lincoln (see previous entry for this notebook "Lincoln is Still at Newark"; brief mention of "a minute Selma long"; reference to "Stanchion Root"; reference to Eric Hoffer; quote from Spencer "The turbulent American mixture has the painful honor of plowing up this unfallowed earth. It just took this rough unhallowed mix to do it"; "energized greedy" saw that [African Americans?] "could be ductile educated, insured, medicated, baptized, funeralized - apart to their social benefit"; "An Old Man Remembers Stanchion": "Another April"; "Luck" is from childhood to have known those esp. willing enough to open a special book in deep space to your kind of mind even just to let you know there is a book"; beginnings of a poem about taking two to break through walls; "For G[od's?] Dustmen"; and "Golden Dustman?"
    • Box-folder 21:10)
      n.d. Notebook J, "Note for JB [John Brown]" (4 pages); poem "Tragedy Great " also entitled "Po Little Lib"; poem "Derived from Any Wife to Any Husband"; additional material for her John Brown poem; additional John Brown page in middle of notebook; manuscript of several pages beginning "the lately escaped harem of Sheba and Nefertiti"
    • Box-folder 21:11)
      n.d. Notebook K, comments on de Tocqueville, Spiro Agnew, Uncle Remus, and Mary Todd Lincoln, all in the very front of the notebook
    • Box-folder 21:12)
      n.d. Notebook L, manuscript "All's Clear"; poem "Derivative Title: Any Wife to Any Husband" both at the beginning of the notebook
    • Box-folder 21:13)
      n.d. Notebook M, fragment of poem "The Lemming"; story about her daughter applying for money to study psychology, three persons passed tests at Columbia, a Jewish girl from New York City, one Negro girl from Lynchburg, and a Negro youth from Christiansburg, Virginia; comparison of H.L. Mencken and E.B. White attitude to a purple phrase; poem "Haiku (One)"; draft of a letter to Mrs. Paradis; and draft of a letter to an unnamed couple
    • Box-folder 21:14)
      n.d. Notebook N, begins with comments about Richard Nixon; manuscript about ladies as loaf-givers according to Ruskin, and all females as ladies in the South, an observation about her mother being an "Uncle Remus"; and a manuscript beginning "the coldest thing this side of the Antarctic is money"
    • Box-folder 21:15)
      n.d. Notebook O, begins with reference to a quote from Saint Paul in I Corinthians about giving our bodies to be burned; a manuscript observation "She was an alert person at the mere suggestion that your skin - the skin of your spirit, was about to be shed, she reached for the salt"; observation about herself "Personal irateness has kept me alive this side of death these fifteen years beyond my death date"; note about Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Jones; "Capote: First Book"; a manuscript about poetry "Poetry for Highs [Highbrows?]" mentioning Marvell, Donne, E.E. [Cummings], and Browning, Edna St. Vincent Millay and her sonnet ["Epitaph for the Race of Man"] speaking of the dinosaur's womb, Millay's "Conversation at Midnight," and Robert Nathan; poem "Incidence" also called "Po Little Lib"; slaves and Indians made possible physical survival; the shepherd of our little flock; manuscript for "Stanchion Root" (five pages); mention of Romain Gary (1914-1980) and the relationship between humor and laughter
    • Box-folder 21:16)
      n.d. Notebook P, begins with statement "Your Christ-part demands our humility and demands that it be humble as a pride of lions" and "piety is not for earth…" followed by a description of the various races of earth; threat of the proles (George Orwellian term); "Poetry by heart"; reading and the threat of banning, such as the work Amahl and the Night Visitors by Gian Carlo Menotti (1911-2007) in a Mississippi school because one of the kings was black; furnished the antidote to Proleism; "On Spelling or Thinking" originally intended as "The Going of the Proles," speaking of Mr. Allen Tate, one of the "high tor southern agrarians (who know so little, no doubt, of agronomy)" and his remark to teach above their pupil's heads; the praise of Louis Untermeyer for Spencer in his book American Poets Since 1900 ; Told of a book report by a 7 th grader on That Was A Time about the beautiful relationship between the Big House and the Slave Quarters, ending with "That, she said was a hell of a time!"; the use of the word "sob"; and a loose sheet manuscript beginning "not poems by me who happened to be a Negro we are what we are by a relentless encircling design. And with all my warring bloods whatever it is that's called Negro has conquered and as I told you over forty years when the few things I had published cuckoo in other author's nest that is the way I like it"
    • Box-folder 21:17)
      n.d. Notebook Q, begins with observations about "nonrepressed words"; "William Allen White (1868-1944) is dead" heard on her radio; mention of Joseph Fort Newton; settlement of Australia and Georgia; draft of a letter of condolence to Frankie about Louis, "friendship is such a tenuous thing it must be strong and deathless to exist at all"; one of the iterations of her spider poems; and another manuscript about a bronze statue of Lincoln
    • Box-folder 21:18)
      n.d. Notes by Anne Spencer, including: The Adventures of Huck Finn ; English history; People; Russian history; The True Believer by Eric Hoffer; Miguel de Una Muno y Jugo, a Spanish philosopher and writer; and Yang and Yin
    • Box-folder 21:19)
      ca. 1972-1973, n.d. Notes by Lee Greene concerning Anne Spencer and her Work
  • Box-folder 21:20-22:55
    Subseries F: Poems and Other
    • Box-folder 21:20)
      n.d. Poem beginning "All is Told About It" (Creation)
    • Box-folder 21:21)
      n.d. Poem beginning "Autumn is [a] blatant fellow chin resting on a cloud"
    • Box-folder 21:22)
      n.d. Poem beginning "I'd shame for a season, date, or star"
    • Box-folder 21:23)
      n.d. Poem beginning "Palette-heart the artist drew"
    • Box-folder 21:24)
      n.d. Poem beginning "Spirit and bone"
    • Box-folder 21:25)
      n.d. Poem beginning "stove surrounded by virgin trees"
    • Box-folder 21:26)
      n.d. Poem fragment concerning Ruth Brown (see Greene page 171)
    • Box-folder 22:1)
      n.d. Poem "Amends"
    • Box-folder 22:2)
      n.d. Poem "Any Wife to Any Husband A Derived Poem," two handwritten versions, one called "Portents" and another "Life and Love"; on one of these handwritten versions is another handwritten poem called "Villagers" later published with the title "Neighbors"; also present is a small notebook about the derivation of the poem
    • Box-folder 22:3)
      ca. 1924, [post 1969] Poem "Ascetic" TMs and various drafts, part of "Lord Songs," with one draft is a prose manuscript entitled "Erranticies" on the verso; one typed version also includes the short poems "Failure" and "Liability" (Greene 119-120)
    • Box-folder 22:4)
      n.d. Poem "At the Carnival"
    • Box-folder 22:5)
      n.d. Poem "Before the Feast of Shushan"
    • Box-folder 22:6)
      n.d. Poem "Big Ditch and the River"
    • Box-folder 22:7)
      n.d. Poem "Black Man O' Mine"
    • Box-folder 22:8)
      n.d. Poem "But Why? Suggested by Richard Harris"
    • Box-folder 22:9)
      n.d. Poem "Cowardice"
    • Box-folder 22:10)
      n.d. Poem "Creed"
    • Box-folder 22:11)
      [post 1961]-74, n.d. Poem "A Dream of John Brown" with notes
    • Box-folder 22:12)
      n.d. Poem "A Dream of John Brown" notebook
    • Box-folder 22:13)
      n.d. Poem "Dunbar"
    • Box-folder 22:14)
      n.d. Poem "Epitome," with notes on "I Have a Friend" and "At the Carnival"
    • Box-folder 22:15)
      n.d. Poem "An Evening of 'Readings' in a Strange City"
    • Box-folder 22:16)
      n.d. Poem "Failure," part of the "Lord Songs" or "Earth Songs"
    • Box-folder 22:17)
      n.d. Poem "For E.A.S." On the verso is a manuscript beginning "A set of Dunbar aperients. Try these on your pupils"
    • Box-folder 22:18)
      [1947], n.d. Poem "For Jim, Easter Eve" or "To James Weldon Johnson Easter Eve (1938-1948)"
    • Box-folder 22:19)
      n.d. Poem "For a Passing Hearse"
    • Box-folder 22:20)
      n.d. Poem "Grapes: Still-Life"
    • Box-folder 22:21)
      n.d. Poem "Hart Crest" in a small notebook, with another manuscript mentioning the Kaiser's throne
    • Box-folder 22:22)
      n.d. Poem "He Said:"
    • Box-folder 22:23)
      1972 Aug 18, n.d. Poem "I Have a Friend"
    • Box-folder 22:24)
      [1930s], 1972 Aug 18 Poem "Innocence"
    • Box-folder 22:25)
      [post 1939] Poem "Instans Tyrannus"
    • Box-folder 22:26)
      n.d. Poem "Invocation for a Christmas Baby"
    • Box-folder 22:27)
      n.d. Poem "Lady, Lady"
    • Box-folder 22:28)
      n.d. Poem "The Lemming: O Sweden," one draft of the poem has other manuscript on the back about God and the "new novel" writing
    • Box-folder 22:29)
      1972 Aug 18, n.d. Poem "Letter to My Sister"
    • Box-folder 22:30)
      n.d. Poem "Liability"
    • Box-folder 22:31)
      n.d. Poem "Life-Long, Poor Browning"
    • Box-folder 22:32)
      n.d. Poem "Lines to a Nasturtium" including a version of the poem entitled "A Lover Muses" originally written on the kitchen door, but now also on paper in another hand
    • Box-folder 22:33)
      n.d. Poem "Luther P. Jackson"
    • Box-folder 22:34)
      n.d. Poem "Neighbors"
    • Box-folder 22:35)
      1974, n.d. Poem "1975" including typescript versions, a published version from the Central Virginia Community College Office of Continuing Education Elderly Resource Booklet with its accompanying explanatory letter from Lafayette Robinson, November 22, 1974
    • Box-folder 22:36)
      n.d. Poem "O Pinions or words on wing," one typed version also has other typescript manuscripts included
    • Box-folder 22:37)
      [post 1964 Jan], n.d. Poem "Po' Little Lib"; also entitled "[A Garden] Incident," "Half-inch brown spider," and "Tragedy" also with a note about the title (see the discussion in Greene, pages 147-148)
    • Box-folder 22:38)
      n.d. Poem "Prayer"
    • Box-folder 22:39)
      n.d. Poem "Questing"
    • Box-folder 22:40)
      [1974 Fall] Poem "Reliques," unfinished, according to Greene, the poem was about her husband Edward and was planned as companion piece to "Po' Little Lib"
    • Box-folder 22:41)
      n.d. Poem "Requiem"
    • Box-folder 22:42)
      n.d. Poem "Rime for the Christmas Baby (At 48 Webster Place, Orange)"
    • Box-folder 22:43)
      n.d. Poem "The Rock"
    • Box-folder 22:44)
      n.d. Poem "The Sévignés"
    • Box-folder 22:45)
      n.d. Poem "Stanchion Roots" notebook containing drafts of the narrative
    • Box-folder 22:46)
      1974 Jan 18, n.d. Poem "Substitution"
    • Box-folder 22:47)
      [1972], n.d. Poem "Terence, Terence"
    • Box-folder 22:48)
      n.d. Poem "Translation"
    • Box-folder 22:49)
      n.d. Poem "We Are Such Friends"
    • Box-folder 22:50)
      n.d. Poem "White Things"
    • Box-folder 22:51)
      n.d. Poem "The Wife-Woman"
    • Box-folder 22:52)
      1976 Poems by Anne Spencer - Typescript Copies by Lee Greene
    • Box-folder 22:53)
      n.d. Poetry Fragments
    • Box-folder 22:54)
      [post 1943-48], n.d. Quotations by [?] Field, Oliver Wendell Holmes, [Xenophon?], and others
    • Box-folder 22:55)
      n.d. Short Story "A True Story of our Joe, A Crow" believed to be by Anne Spencer