Justus Collins (1857-1934) Papers, 1896-1934 A&M.1824

Justus Collins (1857-1934) Papers, 1896-1934 A&M.1824


West Virginia and Regional History Center

1549 University Ave.
P.O. Box 6069
Morgantown, WV 26506-6069
URL: https://wvrhc.lib.wvu.edu

Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Center

West Virginia and Regional History Center
Justus Collins (1857-1934) Papers1887-1962
23.3 Linear Feet, Summary: 23 ft. 4 1/4 in. (56 document cases, 5 in. each); (1 oversize folder, 1/4 in.)
Collins, Justus, 1857-1934
West Virginia and Regional History Center / West Virginia University / 1549 University Avenue / P.O. Box 6069 / Morgantown, WV 26506-6069 / Phone: 304-293-3536 / Fax: 304-293-3981 / URL: https://wvrhc.lib.wvu.edu/

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. For more information, please contact the West Virginia and Regional History Center.

Conditions Governing Access

No special access restriction applies.

Preferred Citation

A&M 1824, Justus Collins (1857-1934) Papers, West Virginia and Regional History Center, West Virginia University Libraries.

Scope and Contents

Justus Collins [1857-1934] was an entrepreneur who opened his first coal mine in the Pocahontas- Flat Top coal field of Southern West Virginia, and thereafter operated mines in the New River, Tug River, and Winding Gulf coal fields. He headed a coal sales agency, speculated in coal and timber lands, headed a cement company, and was interested financially in rubber, oil, and gas companies. He played an important role in organizing the Tug River Coal Operators Association, the Winding Gulf Operators' Association, and the Smokeless Coal Operators Association of West Virginia.

The materials include correspondence, agreements, contracts, deeds, financial statements, ledger books, magazines, maps, minute books, pamphlets, photographs, production and shipping records, reports, and stock books.

The bulk of the collection concerns the development of the law volatile, or smokeless, coal fields of Southern West Virginia, ca. 1900-1934. Subjects include: Coal company operation, (coal and coke sales, costs, marketing conditions, price-fixing, profits, salaries, taxes); coal operators' associations; government investigation and regulation of the coal industry (Interstate Commerce Commission, mining legislation, N.R.A. code, U.S. Railroad Administration) labor (insurance "on transportation", strikes, United Mine Workers of America, wages, workman's compensation, "yellow-dog" contract); law and order (Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, courts, injunctions, mine guard system, National Guard, secret operatives, state troopers); life in mining camps (amusements, churches, health, housing, recreation, schools, stores); mining safety; railroads (Chesapeake & Ohio Railway, coal car distribution, freight rates, Norfolk & Western Railroad, railway fuel contracts, and Virginian Railway- Organization of Winding Gulf Branch); and state and local politics. Other non-coal subjects include cement business, lumber business, tire and tire gauge manufacturing, and oil and gas drilling.

Correspondents include: S.R. Anderson; G. R. Collins; Jairus Collins; Justus Collins; Raymond DuPuy; W. J. Elgin; Lamar Epperly; H.D. Everett; T. L. Felts; A.M. Herndon; J.J. Holloway; L. E. Johnson; P. H. Kelly; E.W. Knight; John Laing; I. T. Mann; C. H. Mead; C. J. Milton; J. H. Renahan, P. J. RIley: P. M. Snyder; Holly Stover; W. P. Tams; Jr.: J.J. Tierney; E.E. White; and George Wolfe. Series include:
1. General Correspondence, 1896–1934 (boxes 1-36)
2. Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, 1905–1934 (box 36)
3. Coal Operators Association, 1911–1934 (boxes 37-39)
4. Smokeless Fuel Company -- Sales Managers' Correspondence, 1914-1915, undated (boxes 40-42)
5. Smokeless Fuel Company -- Smithing and Other Sales, 1914–1922 (boxes 43-44)
6. Superior Portland Cement Company, 1905–1924 (boxes 45-47)
7. Miscellaneous Printed Materials, 1899–1954 (boxes 48-56)
8. Oversize Maps, Blueprints, and Charts, 1916-1962, undated (oversize folder)

Related Material

1784, 1824

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Account books
  • Baldwin-Felts Detective Inc.
  • Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company
  • Church buildings
  • Coal Mining - Tug River field
  • Coal mining - New River field.
  • Coal mining - Regulation.
  • Coal mining - Safety.
  • Coal mining - Winding Gulf field.
  • Coal mining - coal and coke sales.
  • Coal mining - coal operators associations.
  • Coal mining -- Strikes
  • Coal mining.
  • Collins family
  • Collins, Jarius.
  • Collins, Justus, 1857-1934
  • Education
  • Felts, T.L.
  • Holloway, J.J.
  • Laing, John B.
  • Mann, Isaac T. (Isaac Thomas), 1864-1932
  • Maps.
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • New River coalfields.
  • Norfolk and Western Railroad.
  • Pocahontas-Flat Top coalfield.
  • Politics and government.
  • Railroads - Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad.
  • Railroads - Norfolk and Western Railroad.
  • Railroads - Virginia Railway - Winding Gulf Branch.
  • Schools. SEE ALSO Academies
  • Smokeless Coal Operators Association
  • Tams, W. P., Jr. (William Purviance), 1883-1977
  • Taxation
  • Tug River Coal Operators Association
  • United Mine Workers of America
  • United States - Railway Administration.
  • United States. Coal Commission
  • United States. Fuel Administration
  • United States. Interstate Commerce Commission
  • United States. National Recovery Administration
  • Virginian Railroad -- Railroads
  • Virginian Railway- Organization of Winding Gulf Branch
  • Winding Gulf (W. Va.) -- coalfields
  • Winding Gulf Operators Association
  • Wolfe, George.

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Collins, Jarius.
  • Collins, Justus, 1857-1934
  • Felts, T.L.
  • Holloway, J.J.
  • Laing, John B.
  • Mann, Isaac T. (Isaac Thomas), 1864-1932
  • Tams, W. P., Jr. (William Purviance), 1883-1977
  • Wolfe, George.