Storer College, Administrative and Operational Records, 1865-1960 A&M 1322

Storer College, Administrative and Operational Records, 1865-1960 A&M 1322


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West Virginia and Regional History Center

1549 University Ave.
P.O. Box 6069
Morgantown, WV 26506-6069
wvrhcref@mail.wvu.edu
URL: https://wvrhc.lib.wvu.edu

Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Center

Repository
West Virginia and Regional History Center
Identification
A&M 1322
Title
Storer College, Administrative and Operational Records 1865-1960 1930s-1950s
URL:
https://archives.lib.wvu.edu/ark:/22916/3284
Quantity
87.4 Linear Feet, Summary: 87 ft. 5 1/4 in. (160 document cases, 5 in. each); (28 document cases, 2 1/2 in. each); (7 record cartons, 15 in. each); (4 notecard boxes, 5 in. each); (2 notecard boxes, 4 1/2 in. each); (5 large flat storage boxes, 5 in. each); (4 large flat storage boxes, 3 1/2 in. each); (1 1/2 large flat storage boxes, 3 in. each); (1 small artifact box, 1 1/2 in.); (1 oversize folder, 1/4 in.); 1 reel microfilm
Creator
Storer College
Location
West Virginia and Regional History Center / West Virginia University / 1549 University Avenue / P.O. Box 6069 / Morgantown, WV 26506-6069 / Phone: 304-293-3536 / Fax: 304-293-3981 / URL: https://wvrhc.lib.wvu.edu/
Language
English .

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. For more information, please see the Permissions and Copyright page on the West Virginia and Regional History Center website.

Conditions Governing Access

No special access restriction applies.

Preferred Citation

[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Storer College, Administrative and Operational Records, A&M 1322, West Virginia and Regional History Center, West Virginia University Libraries, Morgantown, West Virginia.


Biographical / Historical

Storer College of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, emerged from the aftermath of the Civil War with the purpose of educating former slaves who were now facing the world with few skills and no education. It began in 1865 as a school in the Lockwood House, a private residence, with the support of the Freewill Baptist Home Mission Society of New England under Reverend Nathan Cook Brackett; in 1867 it officially became Storer Normal School, with the mission of training teachers; and in 1938 Storer became a College. The College closed in 1955 due to declining enrollment, financial problems, and the advent of desegregation.

Although there were dedicated teachers in the beginning, by 1867 there were still only 16 instructors to educate 2,500 students. Reverend Brackett realized the only way to reach all of the students was to train African American teachers, thus necessitating the expansion of the school into a teacher college.

The philanthropist John Storer from Maine came forward and offered a $10,000 grant to the Freewill Baptists to create a teacher college under three conditions: first, the school must eventually become a degree-granting college; second, the school had to be open to all applicants, regardless of race or gender; and finally, the most difficult of the prerequisites, the Freewill Baptist Church had to match his $10,000 donation within a year. After a year-long effort the money was raised, and Storer Normal School opened its doors; and by March 1868 it received its state charter.

In the beginning local residents were resistant to a "colored school" and tried to shut it down through slander, vandalism, and local politics. One teacher wrote, "it is unusual for me to go to the Post Office without being hooted at, and twice I have been stoned on the streets at noonday." The attitudes of local residents eventually changed, however, so that later in his life Reverend Brackett became a respected citizen of Harpers Ferry.

Though Storer remained primarily a teacher college, in time it began adding courses in higher education to its curriculum so that students could graduate with a normal degree for teaching, or an academic degree for going on to college. In 1938, under the leadership of school president Henry T. McDonald, Storer became a college. Its enrollment peaked at around 400, and then dipped lower during World War II. The College survived until 1955 when declining enrollment, financial stress, and court-ordered desegregation combined to close it.

In addition to its progressive role in educating African Americans, the College became associated with other advocates of civil rights, such as Frederick Douglas, who visited Storer Normal School in 1881 to deliver a speech on John Brown, and the Niagra Movement led by William Du Bois, who held a conference at Storer in 1906. The NAACP was later to adopt many of the goals of the Niagra Movement.

[This historical note was sourced from the West Virginia Encyclopedia and Wikipedia.]

Scope and Contents

Records of Storer College, West Virginia's first African American institution of higher learning, located in Harpers Ferry. This collection contains mainly administrative and operational records of the college. Types of records include annual reports, publications, memorabilia, artifacts, and other material. This collection includes material regarding John Brown's Fort.

The collection is organized into eighteen series, including:

Series 1. Correspondence; 1865-1953; boxes 1a-61 (73 containers)
Series 2. Miscellaneous Correspondence; 1892-1957, undated; boxes 62-72 (14 containers)
Series 3. Individual Correspondence; 1920s-1950s; boxes 73-85b (25 containers)
Series 4. President's Reports; 1907-1955; box 86a, folders 1a-4 (partial container)
Series 5. Board of Trustees; 1926-1960; box 86a, folder 5-box 87b, folder 2b (2 containers, 2 partial containers).
Series 6. Dean of Women Reports; 1939-1944; box 87b, folder 3 (partial container)
Series 7. Executive Committee; 1924-1957; box 88a - box 88b, folder 1 (1 container, 1 partial container)
Series 8. Woman's Commission; 1937-1948; box 88b, folder 2 (partial container)
Series 9. By-Laws; 1867-1953; box 88b, folders 3-4 (partial container)
Series 10. Faculty; 1940s-1950s; boxes 89-90 (2 containers)
Series 11. Printed Material; 1920s-1950s; boxes 91-92 (2 containers)
Series 12. Student Records; 1890s-1950s; boxes 93a-122, 137-138 (35 containers)
Series 13. Financial Records; 1867-1956, undated; boxes 123a-136, 139-159, 164-169 (45 containers)
Series 14. Miscellaneous; 1884-1950s, undated; boxes 159-162, 175 (4 containers, 1 partial container)
Series 15. Newspaper -- Storer Record; 1892-1943; box 163 and microfilm reel (2 containers)
Series 16. Scrapbooks; 1870-1941; boxes 170-172b (4 containers)
Series 17. Alumni flags; undated; box 173 (partial container)
Series 18. Oversize; 1916-1952; box 174 (1 container)

Related Material

1131, 1168, 1322, 1471, 2621

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Account books
  • African Americans -- Appalachian Region
  • African Americans -- Education (Higher)
  • African Americans - Schools for Freedmen.
  • African Americans -- Segregation -- West Virginia
  • Ball, George H.
  • Baptists
  • Brewster, J.M.
  • Brown, John -- Fort-Museum
  • Builders and contractors.
  • Curtis, Silas, 1804-
  • Day, George T.
  • Education
  • Ephemera.
  • Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869
  • Freedmen's Schools.
  • Harpers Ferry (W. Va.)
  • Jefferson County (W. Va.)
  • Jefferson County - Schools.
  • Ledgers.
  • McDonald, Henry Temple, 1872-1951
  • Missionaries
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  • New England Free Will Baptist Association
  • Newspapers.
  • Photographs.
  • Schools - Jefferson County.
  • Schools. SEE ALSO Academies
  • Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Stewart, I.D.
  • Storer College
  • Teachers' letters and papers.
  • United States. Veterans Administration
  • Universities and colleges
  • West Virginia -- Race relations
  • Women -- Education
  • Women's history -- 1850-1899
  • Women's history -- 1900-1929
  • Women's history -- 1929-1950
  • Women's history -- 1951-present
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Letters
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Letters

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Harpers Ferry (W. Va.)
  • Jefferson County (W. Va.)
  • Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.)
  • West Virginia -- Race relations

Container List

Archival Resource Key
Series 1. Correspondence, boxes 1a-61
Mixed Materials Box: 1a Mixed Materials Box: 1b Mixed Materials Box: 2 Mixed Materials Box: 3 Mixed Materials Box: 4 Mixed Materials Box: 5a Mixed Materials Box: 5b Mixed Materials Box: 6 Mixed Materials Box: 7 Mixed Materials Box: 8 Mixed Materials Box: 9 Mixed Materials Box: 10 Mixed Materials Box: 11 Mixed Materials Box: 12 Mixed Materials Box: 13 Mixed Materials Box: 14 Mixed Materials Box: 15 Mixed Materials Box: 16 Mixed Materials Box: 17 Mixed Materials Box: 18 Mixed Materials Box: 19 Mixed Materials Box: 20 Mixed Materials Box: 21 Mixed Materials Box: 22a Mixed Materials Box: 22b Mixed Materials Box: 23 Mixed Materials Box: 24a Mixed Materials Box: 24b Mixed Materials Box: 25 Mixed Materials Box: 26 Mixed Materials Box: 27 Mixed Materials Box: 28 Mixed Materials Box: 29 Mixed Materials Box: 30a Mixed Materials Box: 30b Mixed Materials Box: 31 Mixed Materials Box: 32 Mixed Materials Box: 33 Mixed Materials Box: 34a Mixed Materials Box: 34b Mixed Materials Box: 35 Mixed Materials Box: 36 Mixed Materials Box: 37a Mixed Materials Box: 37b Mixed Materials Box: 38 Mixed Materials Box: 39 Mixed Materials Box: 40 Mixed Materials Box: 41 Mixed Materials Box: 42 Mixed Materials Box: 43 Mixed Materials Box: 44a Mixed Materials Box: 44b Mixed Materials Box: 45 Mixed Materials Box: 46 Mixed Materials Box: 47 Mixed Materials Box: 48a Mixed Materials Box: 48b Mixed Materials Box: 49 Mixed Materials Box: 50 Mixed Materials Box: 51 Mixed Materials Box: 52 Mixed Materials Box: 53 Mixed Materials Box: 54 Mixed Materials Box: 55a Mixed Materials Box: 55b Mixed Materials Box: 56 Mixed Materials Box: 57a Mixed Materials Box: 57b Mixed Materials Box: 58 Mixed Materials Box: 59a Mixed Materials Box: 59b Mixed Materials Box: 60 Mixed Materials Box: 61 1865–1953
Scope and Contents

This series contains administrative correspondence of Storer College. This series includes correspondence regarding Storer College alumni, the annual Alumni Drive, and other topics related to the graduates of the college; correspondence regarding West Virginia state agencies, including the Department of Education; correspondence regarding the construction and renovation of Storer College campus buildings; correspondence regarding post-war education and the GI Bill, including letters between Storer College and the Veterans Administration; correspondence regarding prospective students and enrollment data; correspondence regarding publicity and public relations; correspondence regarding conferences and conventions, including a number of Baptist associated organizations; correspondence regarding the John Brown memorial and John Brown's Fort; as well as correspondence regarding other topics.

Archival Resource Key
Series 2. Miscellaneous Correspondence, boxes 62-72
Mixed Materials Box: 62 Mixed Materials Box: 63 Mixed Materials Box: 64 Mixed Materials Box: 65a Mixed Materials Box: 65b Mixed Materials Box: 66a Mixed Materials Box: 66b Mixed Materials Box: 67 Mixed Materials Box: 68 Mixed Materials Box: 69a Mixed Materials Box: 69b Mixed Materials Box: 70 Mixed Materials Box: 71 Mixed Materials Box: 72 1892–1957
Scope and Contents

This series contains miscellaneous correspondence of Storer College, including originals, typescripts copies, and ephemera, organized by year.

Archival Resource Key
Series 3. Individual Correspondence, boxes 73-85b
Mixed Materials Box: 73 Mixed Materials Box: 74a Mixed Materials Box: 74b Mixed Materials Box: 75 Mixed Materials Box: 76a Mixed Materials Box: 76b Mixed Materials Box: 77a Mixed Materials Box: 77b Mixed Materials Box: 78a Mixed Materials Box: 78b Mixed Materials Box: 79a Mixed Materials Box: 79b Mixed Materials Box: 79c Mixed Materials Box: 80a Mixed Materials Box: 80b Mixed Materials Box: 81a Mixed Materials Box: 81b Mixed Materials Box: 82a Mixed Materials Box: 82b Mixed Materials Box: 83a Mixed Materials Box: 83b Mixed Materials Box: 84a Mixed Materials Box: 84b Mixed Materials Box: 85a Mixed Materials Box: 85b 1920s-1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains correspondence between Storer College officials and individual correspondents, including trustees, employees, and alumni, organized alphabetically by the name of the correspondent. This series includes originals, typescript copies, and ephemera. A minority of folders includes notes with explanations of their contents or importance; these notes were appended by President Henry T. McDonald or another Storer College official.

Archival Resource Key
Series 4. President's Reports, box 86a, folders 1a-4
Mixed Materials Box: 86a Folder: 1a-4 1907–1955
Scope and Contents

This series contains the annual reports of the President to the Board of Trustees regarding enrollment, attendance, graduation, fundraising, use of buildings, improvements to the campus, teachers, academics, John Brown's Fort, needs, plans, and other topics.

Archival Resource Key
Series 5. Board of Trustees, boxes 86a-87b
Mixed Materials Box: 86a Mixed Materials Box: 86b Mixed Materials Box: 87a Mixed Materials Box: 87b 1926–1960
Scope and Contents

This series contains the records of the Storer College Board of Trustees, including meetings, minutes, correspondence, form letters, and other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 6. Dean of Women Reports, box 87b, folder 3
Mixed Materials Box: 87b Folder: 3 1939–1944
Scope and Contents

This series contains the reports of the Dean of Women, Elizabeth M. McDonald, concerning Storer College's female students.

Archival Resource Key
Series 7. Executive Committee, boxes 88a-88b
Mixed Materials Box: 88a Mixed Materials Box: 88b 1924–1957
Scope and Contents

This series contains the records of the Storer College Executive Committee, including minutes and other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 8. Women's Commission, box 88b, folder 2
Mixed Materials Box: 88b Folder: 2 1937–1948
Scope and Contents

This series contains the minutes of the Woman's Commission of Storer College regarding the creation of the commission, and its responsibilities, fundraising activities, and accomplishments, among other topics.

Archival Resource Key
Series 9. By-Laws, box 88b, folders 3-4
Mixed Materials Box: 88b Folder: 3-4 1867–1953
Scope and Contents

This series contains copies of the charter and by-laws of Storer College, including amendments and the proposed by-laws of the Storer College Trustees. Also contains transcriptions of early Storer College documents (1867-1909) among other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 10. Faculty, boxes 89-90
Mixed Materials Box: 89 Mixed Materials Box: 90 1940s–1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains records regarding the faculty of Storer College, including the minutes of faculty meetings, the proposed constitution of the Storer College faculty, correspondence, personal data of faculty, data on prospective and former faculty members, ephemera, and other material.

  • mixed materials Box: 89 Archival Resource Key
    Faculty meeting minutes
    1943–1955
  • mixed materials Box: 90 Archival Resource Key
    Faculty applications, prospective teachers, personal data faculty, former faculty members, faculty miscellaneous items, two books, faculty minutes
    1940s-1950s
Archival Resource Key
Series 11. Printed Material, boxes 91-92
Mixed Materials Box: 91 Mixed Materials Box: 92 1920s-1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains various types of printed materials regarding Storer College events and other subjects. This series includes programs (football programs, freshmen week programs, vesper hour programs, movie programs, and miscellaneous), calendars, President's newsletters, printed notices, form letters, news release and publicity materials, commencement materials, and other material.

  • mixed materials Box: 91 Archival Resource Key
    Alumni programs, homecoming, football programs, movie programs, printed notices, programs (general), bi-weekly calendar
    1930s-1950s
  • mixed materials Box: 92 Archival Resource Key
    Commencement folder, alumni form letters, form letters dated, form letters undated, freshmen week programs, news release folder, Storer publicity, President's newsletter, vesper hour programs
    1920s-1940s
Archival Resource Key
Series 12. Student Records, boxes 93a-122 and 137-138
Mixed Materials Box: 93a Mixed Materials Box: 93b Mixed Materials Box: 94 Mixed Materials Box: 95 Mixed Materials Box: 96 Mixed Materials Box: 97 Mixed Materials Box: 98 Mixed Materials Box: 99a Mixed Materials Box: 99b Mixed Materials Box: 100 Mixed Materials Box: 101a Mixed Materials Box: 101b Mixed Materials Box: 102 Mixed Materials Box: 103 Mixed Materials Box: 104 Mixed Materials Box: 105 Mixed Materials Box: 106 Mixed Materials Box: 107 Mixed Materials Box: 108 Mixed Materials Box: 109 Mixed Materials Box: 110 Mixed Materials Box: 111 Mixed Materials Box: 112a Mixed Materials Box: 112b Mixed Materials Box: 113 Mixed Materials Box: 114 Mixed Materials Box: 115 Mixed Materials Box: 116 Mixed Materials Box: 117 Mixed Materials Box: 118 Mixed Materials Box: 119 Mixed Materials Box: 120 Mixed Materials Box: 121 Mixed Materials Box: 122 Mixed Materials Box: 137 Mixed Materials Box: 138 1890s–1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains records regarding the students of Storer College, including correspondence and other material regarding student veterans and the Veterans Administration; newspaper clippings; photographs and photographic negatives; student transcripts; records and correspondence of African students; records regarding tests and exams; records of students alphabetized by name; and other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 13. Financial Records, boxes 123a-136, 139a-159, and 164-169
Mixed Materials Box: 123a Mixed Materials Box: 123b Mixed Materials Box: 124 Mixed Materials Box: 125a Mixed Materials Box: 125b Mixed Materials Box: 126 Mixed Materials Box: 127 Mixed Materials Box: 128 Mixed Materials Box: 129 Mixed Materials Box: 130a Mixed Materials Box: 130b Mixed Materials Box: 131a Mixed Materials Box: 131b Mixed Materials Box: 132 Mixed Materials Box: 133a Mixed Materials Box: 133b Mixed Materials Box: 134a Mixed Materials Box: 134b Mixed Materials Box: 135a Mixed Materials Box: 135b Mixed Materials Box: 136 Mixed Materials Box: 139a Mixed Materials Box: 139b Mixed Materials Box: 140 Mixed Materials Box: 141a Mixed Materials Box: 141b Mixed Materials Box: 142 Mixed Materials Box: 143 Mixed Materials Box: 144 Mixed Materials Box: 145 Mixed Materials Box: 146 Mixed Materials Box: 147 Mixed Materials Box: 148 Mixed Materials Box: 149 Mixed Materials Box: 150 Mixed Materials Box: 151 Mixed Materials Box: 152 Mixed Materials Box: 153 Mixed Materials Box: 154 Mixed Materials Box: 155 Mixed Materials Box: 156 Mixed Materials Box: 157 Mixed Materials Box: 158 Mixed Materials Box: 159 Mixed Materials Box: 164 Mixed Materials Box: 165 Mixed Materials Box: 166 Mixed Materials Box: 167 Mixed Materials Box: 168 Mixed Materials Box: 169 1800s-1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains financial records of Storer College, including subject files arranged alphabetically by topic; Friends of Storer College donor lists; student accounts; budget reports; ledgers; checks books; cash books; account books; registers from John Brown's Fort; and other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 14. Miscellaneous, boxes 159-162 and 175
Mixed Materials Box: 159 Mixed Materials Box: 160 Mixed Materials Box: 161 Mixed Materials Box: 162 Mixed Materials Box: 175 1884–1950s
Scope and Contents

This series contains miscellaneous records of Storer College, including private correspondence between President Henry T. McDonald with the Kiwanis International; pamphlets, programs; conference reports; notebooks; address books; a "Save Storer" rubber stamp; and other material.

Archival Resource Key
Series 15. Newspaper--Storer Record, box 163 and unboxed
Mixed Materials Box: 163 Mixed Materials Unboxed 1892–1943
Scope and Contents

This series contains issues of the Storer College newspaper the "Storer Record". The "Storer Record" is also available on microfilm, with issues dating from 1892 through 1943 available.

  • mixed materials Box: 163 Archival Resource Key
    Storer Record
    1899–1943
  • Mixed Materials Unboxed Archival Resource Key
    Miscellaneous Storer College Publications [microfilm reel] (includes: assorted issues of the Storer Record, 1892-1934; Y Gossip from March 4 and 12, 1932; and assorted issues of the New Storer Record from 1940-1943)
    1892–1943
Archival Resource Key
Series 16. Scrap Books, boxes 170-172b
Mixed Materials Box: 170 Mixed Materials Box: 171 Mixed Materials Box: 172a Mixed Materials Box: 172b 1870–1941
Scope and Contents

This series contains six scrapbooks regarding Storer College. Scrapbooks contain programs, clippings, invitations, form letters from college officials, and other material. Topics include commencement and graduation exercises, prize declamations, concerts, and sporting events, among others.

Archival Resource Key
Series 17. Alumni Flags, box 173
Mixed Materials Box: 173 undated
Scope and Contents

This series contains one large felt flag decorated with white felt letters reading "Storer Alumni" and a number of small felt pennant flags decorated with the Storer College crest and motto.

Archival Resource Key
Series 18. Oversize, box 174
Mixed Materials Box: 174 1916-1952, undated
Scope and Contents

This series contains oversize records from Series 1, Correspondence (box 21); Series 3, Individual Correspondence (box 82a); Series 13, Financial Records (boxes 132, 140, and 141); and Series 14, Miscellaneous (box 160).

  • mixed materials Box: 174 Archival Resource Key
    Oversize records from Series 1, Correspondence (box 21); Series 3, Individual Correspondence (box 82a); Series 13, Financial Records (boxes 132, 140, and 141); and Series 14, Miscellaneous (box 160)
    1916-1952, undated