de Blois, Natalie Architectural Collection A Guide to the Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection 1941-2013 Ms.2007.017

A Guide to the Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection 1941-2013 Ms.2007.017


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Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech

Special Collections and University Archives, University Libraries (0434)
560 Drillfield Drive
Newman Library, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061
Business Number: 540-231-6308
specref@vt.edu
URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu

Sherrie A. Bowser and Dayne E. Mauney

Repository
Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech
Identification
Ms.2007.017
Title
Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection 1941-2013
Quantity
2.7 Cubic Feet, 2 boxes; 7 oversize folders
Creator
De Blois, Natalie, 1921-2013
Language
The materials in the collection are in English.
Abstract
The Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection includes correspondence; original notes; magazine/journal clippings; finished project photographs, published materials; sketches; water colors; and project records related to a sampling of de Blois' architectural projects.

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

The copyright status of this collection is unknown. Copyright restrictions may apply. Contact Special Collections and University Archives for assistance in determining the use of these materials. Reproduction or digitization of materials for personal or research use can be requested using our reproduction/digitization form: http://bit.ly/scuareproduction . Reproduction or digitization of materials for publication or exhibit use can be requested using our publication/exhibition form: http://bit.ly/scuapublication . Please contact Special Collections and University Archives (specref@vt.edu or 540-231-6308) if you need assistance with forms or to submit a completed form.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: [identification of item], [box], [folder], Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection, Ms2007-017, Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.

Source of Acquisition

The Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection was donated to Special Collections in November 2007.

Processing Information

A preliminary inventory of the Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection was completed in November 2007. The collection was fully processed and encoded in January 2012.


Biographical Note

Natalie de Blois was born in Paterson, New Jersey on April 2, 1921.

In 1944 de Blois graduated from Columbia University's architecture program and took her first professional job with the firm Ketchum, Gina & Sharp. In September of the same year de Blois was hired by the well known architecture firm, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM). Here she spent the majority of her professional career working closely with architect Gordon Bunshaft, earning notoriety within the architectural community as one of the top female architects in America.

Natalie de Blois is recognized for her work on a number of projects including, Lever House (NYC); Pepsi-Cola building (NYC); Union Carbide Corporation (NYC); Connecticut General Life Insurance (Hartford, CT); Lincoln Center (NYC); and the Hilton Hotel (Istanbul, Turkey).

After 30 years with SOM, she left to join the Houston firm of Neuhaus & Taylor as Senior Project Designer. As a working mother during the 1950's and 1960's de Blois was personally aware of the hardships and limitations faced by women in architecture, and in the 1970's she became active advocate for women in architecture joining the American Institute of Architects Task Force on Women, visiting architecture schools and talking to female students.

During the last thirteen years of her architecture career, de Blois taught at the University of Texas at Austin, retiring in 1993. Natalie de Blois practiced architecture for fifty years. de Blois died July 22, 2013.

References: SOM Journal 4. Interview with Natalie de Blois by Detlef Mertins, June 17, 2004.

Natalie de Blois Working Drawings and students' studio work, Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Scope and Contents

The Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection spans the years 1941 to 2013. Materials in the collection include correspondence; original notes; clippings; brochures; finished project photographs; published materials; sketches; watercolors; elevations; architectural renderings; contracts; specifications; and reports for 24 projects.

The collection is divided into two series: Series I Professional papers and Series II Project Records.

Arrangement

The Project Records arrangement follows the organization of the 'Timeline of Projects' created by Nicholas Adams in consultation with Natalie de Blois in March of 2005.

Resources:

SOM Journal 4. Interview with Natalie de Blois by Detlef Mertins, June 17, 2004.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Architects
  • Architectural drawing -- 20th century
  • Architectural drawings (visual works)
  • De Blois, Natalie, 1921-2013
  • International Archive of Women in Architecture (IAWA)
  • Women -- History

Rights Statement for Archival Description

The guide to the Natalie de Blois Architectural Collection by Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, is licensed under a CC0 ( https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/ ).

Other Finding Aids

Natalie de Blois Working Drawings and students' studio work, Alexander Architectural Archive, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin


Container List

Series I: Professional Papers
  • box-folder 1 folder: A
    Biographical Information
    2004, 2013
  • Articles featuring de Blois
    1950, 1959, 1977
    • box-folder 1 folder: 1
      Glamour
      February 1950
    • box-folder 1 folder: 2
      Newsweek
      May 4, 1959
    • box-folder 1 folder: 2
      New York Times , "A retrospective of women master builders at work"
      February 25, 1977
  • Clippings
    • box-folder 1 folder: 3
      Architectural Forum , Profiles of SOM and Morris Ketchum, Jr.
      1942
    • box-folder 1 folder: 4
      Architectural Forum , "SOM's details of distinction"
      June 1960
    • box-folder 2 folder: 2
      Fortune , "The architects from Skid's Row"
      January 1958
    • box-folder 1 folder: 5
      Frederick Kiesler
      1988, 1992, 2005
    • box-folder 1 folder: 6
      Hospitals designed by SOM including VA Hospital, Brooklyn, NY
      1952, 1954
    • box-folder 1 folder: 7
      Stuart Davis mural
      1975
  • box-folder 2 folder: 1
    New York City Housing Authority, 10th Annual Report [de Blois' first project with SOM was drafting for the Abraham Lincoln housing project]
    1944
  • box-folder 1 folder: 8
    State of Women Architects
    1941
  • box-folder 1 folder: 9
    Letter of recommendation from Morris Kethum, Jr.
    1944
  • box-folder 1 folder: 10
    Museum of Modern Art, Exhibits, SOM, Paul Klee
    1950
Series II: Project Records
  • Partners Louis Skidmore and William S. Brown
    1943-1947
    • New York State Building in Flushing Meadows for the first United Nations, General Assembly (New York, NY); Renovation (responsible for design drawings)
      1943-1947
      • box-folder 1 folder: 11
        Clippings
        1946, 1950, 2001
      • box-folder 1 folder: 12
        Watercolors of General Assembly Chamber
        1946
    • Thomas Emery's Sons, Inc.; Terrace Plaza Hotel (Cincinnati, Ohio); overall design responsibilities
      • box-folder 1 folder: 13
        Clippings,
        1948-1949, 1989, 2008
      • box-folder 1 folder: 14
        Photographs
  • Design Partner Gordon Bunshaft
    1948-1951
    • box-folder 1 folder: 15
      New York University Medical Center, Bellevue Medical Center, master plan with detailed studies for Institute for Rehabilitation, Residence Hall, and Alumni Center; (New York, NY), senior designer -- Clippings
      1949, 1954
    • box-folder 1 folder: 16
      Ford Motor Company, Ford Properties, master plan with two office buildings, low-rise garage, service complex; (Dearborn, MI); responsible for low-rise facilities, senior designer -- Clippings, Model Photograph, Site Plan
    • box-folder 1 folder: 17
      Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation, office and display room; (New York, NY) -- Clippings
      1948
    • box-folder 1 folder: 18
      Hilton Hotel, 300-room hotel; (Istanbul, Turkey), senior designer -- Clippings
      1953,1955, 1987
    • box-folder 1 folder: 19
      Lever Brothers Company, headquarters office building, worked directly with Bunshaft on design of plaza, lobby, cafeteria, and first three floors; (New York, NY) -- Clippings, Photograph (water damaged)
      1950, 1952, 2002
  • Design Partner Gordon Bunshaft (after the Fulbright Fellowship Prize in 1952; made participating associate in 1954)
    1952-1961
    • box-folder 1 folder: 20
      Connecticut General Life Insurance, office building; (Bloomfield, CT), senior designer -- Clippings, Photograph
      1955-1958
    • box-folder 1 folder: 21
      Great Southern Life Insurance Company, office building; (Houston, TX), senior designer -- Photographs
    • box-folder 1 folder: 22
      World's Fair, master plan proposal; terminated before completion; (New York, NY), senior designer -- Clippings
      1960, 1964
    • box-folder 1 folder: 23
      Pepsico Inc., headquarters office building including interiors; (New York, NY), senior designer -- Clippings, Project Records
      1956, 1959, and undated
    • box-folder 1 folder: 24
      Union Carbide Corporation, headquarters office building including interiors; (New York, NY), senior designer -- Clippings, Promotional Material
      1960, 1962, 1989
    • box-folder 1 folder: 25-26
      Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Library and Museum for the Performing Arts (building design and coordination with adjacent Vivian Beaumont Theater); (New York, NY), senior designer -- Clippings, Photographs
      1959-2005
    • box-folder 1 folder: 27
      Emhart Corporation, administration and research building; (Bloomfield, CT), senior designer -- Clippings, Photographs
      1961, 1963
  • Design Partner Bruce Graham (Made associate partner in 1964)
    1962-1968
    • box-folder 1 folder: 28 oversize folder: 4 oversize folder: 5
      Equitable Life Assurance, office building (Chicago,IL), senior designer -- Project Records, Clippings, Photographs, Drawings
      1962-1965, 1972
    • box-folder 1 folder: 29 oversize folder: 3
      Horizon House Apartment Buildings, 520 units in two towers, Tishman Realty; (Fort Lee, NJ); senior designer -- Project Records, Clipping, Photograph, Drawings
      1964-1965, 1969
    • box-folder 1 folder: 30-31 oversize folder: 7
      Boots Pure Drug Company, headquarters office building and interiors; (Nottingham, England), senior designer -- Project Records, Photographs
      1965
    • box-folder 1 folder: 32
      Hartford Fire Insurance Company, office building; (Hartford, CT), senior designer -- Project Records
      1960, 1965-1966
    • box-folder 1 folder: 33-34 oversize folder: 2
      International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank, headquarters office building; (Washington, D.C.), senior designer -- Project Records, Photographs, Drawings
      1966-1969, 1990
    • box-folder 1 folder: 35
      Dow Chemical Company, Site Development Design Guidelines including landscape, lighting, parking lots, architectural elements and graphics for 1,800-acre site report; (Freeland, MI), senior design -- Project Records
      1967-1968
  • Design partner Myron Goldsmith
    1969-1974
    • box-folder 1 folder: 36
      Arthur Anderson & Company, Training Center for Professional Development, classrooms, dormitory and auditorium; (Elgin, IL), senior designer -- Project Records
      1972-1974
    • box-folder 1 folder: 37
      St. Joseph Valley Bank, headquarters bank and office building and interiors; (Elkhart, IN), senior designer -- Project Records
      1971-1974
    • box-folder 1 folder: 38 oversize folder: 1
      Oliver-Tyrone Corporation, Diamond Shamrock, office building with commercial and parking facilities; (Cleveland, OH) -- Project Records, Drawings
      1970-1973
    • box-folder 1 folder: 39 oversize folder: 6
      Oliver-Tyrone Corporation, Equibank, office building, bank, and garage; (Pittsburgh, PA), senior designer -- Project Records, Clippings, and Photograph
      1973-1974, 1978
  • box-folder 1 folder: 40
    BMA Tower Extension (Chicago, IL) -- Feasibility Study
    1969
  • box-folder 1 folder: 41
    Europoint-Rotterdam -- Memo
    1970
  • box-folder 1 folder: 42
    Signode Warehouse Addition -- Project Records
    1970
  • box-folder 1 folder: 43
    Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge Estate, transition to an executive office park (Morris County, NJ) -- Clippings, Photographs
    1978