Brown, Washington Papers Washington Brown Papers, 1861-1869 Ms.1989.011

Washington Brown Papers, 1861-1869 Ms.1989.011


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Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech

Special Collections and University Archives, University Libraries (0434)
560 Drillfield Drive
Newman Library, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061
Business Number: 540-231-6308
specref@vt.edu
URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu

Repository
Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech
Identification
Ms.1989.011
Title
Washington Brown Papers1861-1869
Quantity
0.1 Cubic Feet, 1 folder
Creator
Brown, Washington
Language
The materials in the collection are in English.
Abstract
Letters and other papers associated with Washington Brown, captain in the 145th Pennsylvania Infantry who died of wounds received at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Includes manuscript copy of a memoir of Brown and correspondence between Brown and his family in Erie, Pennsylvania. Also includes letters between Brown's father, Conrad Brown, and members of the 145th Pennsylvania following Washington Brown's death, and a manuscript copy of Brown's last words. 

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: [identification of item], [box], [folder], Washington Brown Papers, Ms1989-011, Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to research.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: [identification of item], [box], [folder], Washington Brown Papers, Ms1989-011, Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Washington Brown Papers were purchased by Special Collections and University Archives in 1989.

Processing Information

The processing and description of the Washington Brown Papers commenced and was completed in January 2022.


Biographical / Historical

Washington Brown, son of Conrad and Elizabeth Ann Brown, was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania on October 22, 1836. He attended Erie Academy and took a course in a New York City commercial college. He worked as a farmer and taught school for one winter term while serving in the Wayne Guards, a local militia. In August 1862, Brown recruited and organized a company of volunteers which would be mustered in as Company I, 145th Pennsylvania Infantry on September 3, with Brown elected company captain. A week later, Brown married Eliza Alexander (ca.1837-1879?) in Girard (Erie County). On December 13, at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Brown was wounded in the right arm and shoulder. His arm was amputated, and Brown died on December 25. He was buried in Erie Cemetery. The 1870 census shows Eliza A. Brown, 33, living in the Girard home of William and Margaret Culbertson. Also in the household is seven-year-old Katie E. Brown.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains correspondence and other papers associated with Washington Brown, captain in the 145th Pennsylvania Infantry who died of wounds received at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Among the correspondence in the collection are four letters from Brown to family members, including a copy of a letter written to his wife on the morning of the battle in which Brown would be fatally wounded; three letters from Brown's parents (Conrad and Elizabeth Brown) and a letter from Conrad Brown to his wife, written from the hospital in which his son was recovering; letters from Ed L. Taylor, Lt. James H. Hamlin, George Coleman, and Conrad Brown regarding the personal effects of Washington Brown; and a letter from John C. Sennett and George Royer of Company I convalescing in the post hospital near Alexandria. The collection also includes an invoice for the use of a hearse from C. W. Stuart of Erie; a copy of the last words of Washington Brown; and a "personal memoir" containing brief biographical information on Washington Brown.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Civil War
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865

Rights Statement for Archival Description

The guide to the Washington Brown Papers by Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, is licensed under a CC0 (https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/).

Container List

folder 1
Papers
1861-1863
  • Tidewater, Pennsylvania / Washington Brown to sister
    1861-08-09
  • Kerr Hill, Pennsylvania / Robert Looney to Mr. Brown
    1862-06-09
  • [S.l.] / Conrad Brown to son
    1862-10-10
  • Bolivar, [Virginia] / Washington Brown to father
    1862-10-19
  • Erie, [Pennsylvania] / Mother to son
    1862-10-30
  • Erie, Pennsylvania / A. Hayen to Capt. W. Brown
    1862-11-16
  • Post hospital [Alexandria, Virginia] / John C. Sennett and George Royer to Capt. Brown
    1862-11-20
    [accompanied by stamped envelope]
  • Falmouth, Virginia / Washington Brown to agent of Adams Express Co.
    1862-11-24
  • Falmouth, Virginia / Washington Brown to father
    1862-11-29
  • Erie, [Pennsylvania] / Conrad Brown to Washington
    1862-12-10
  • Falmouth, Virginia / Washington Brown to wife
    1862-12-11
  • Falmouth, Virginia / [Conrad Brown] to wife
    1862-12-23
  • Washington, D. C. / Ed. L. Taylor to Mr. Brown
    1862-12-26
  • Camp near Falmouth, Virginia / Lieut. James H. Hamlin to Mr. Brown
    1863-01-19
  • Erie, Pennsylvania / Conrad Brown to George Coalman [i.e., Coleman]
    Jan 22 1862 [i.e., 1863]
  • Camp near Falmouth, Virginia / Lieut. J. H. Hamlin to Mr. Brown
    1863-02-10
  • Harpers Ferry, Virginia / G. [George] Coleman to Conrad Brown
    1863-02-24
  • "Last words of Cousin Washington" by G. A. Evans
    n.d.
  • C. W. Stuart hearse invoice
    [Dec 1862]
  • "Personal memoir of Washington Brown"
    1869