Benson, George W., Correspondence

George W. Benson Correspondence, 1863-1865 Ms.1988.083


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Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech

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specref@vt.edu
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John M. Jackson

Repository
Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech
Identification
Ms.1988.083
Title
George W. Benson Correspondence1863-1865
Quantity
0.1 Cubic Feet 1 folder
Creator
Benson, George W.
Language
The materials in the collection are in English.
Abstract
The collection contains eleven letters written by a Pennsylvania soldier to his sister from hospitals and camps in Washington, D.C., Ohio, Virginia, and Pennsylvania during the American Civil War.

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

The copyright status of this collection is unknown. Copyright restrictions may apply. Contact Special Collections and University Archives for assistance in determining the use of these materials. Reproduction or digitization of materials for personal or research use can be requested using our reproduction/digitization form: http://bit.ly/scuareproduction. Reproduction or digitization of materials for publication or exhibit use can be requested using our publication/exhibition form: http://bit.ly/scuapublication. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives (specref@vt.edu or 540-231-6308) if you need assistance with forms or to submit a completed form.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: [identification of item], [box], [folder], George W. Benson Correspondence, Ms1988-083, Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.

Source of Acquisition

The George W. Benson Correspondence was purchased by Special Collections and University Archives in 1988.

Processing Information

The processing and description of the George W. Benson Correspondence commenced in April, 2021 and was completed in May, 2021.


Biographical / Historical

The letters in this collection suggest that their writer is the same George Benson, age 35, who enlisted in the 202nd Pennsylvania Infantry at Allentown on August 30, 1864, for one year's service. (A letter from his sister (Rachel?), dated July 28, 1864, suggests that Benson was then living in Allentown with his sister Sarah and was contemplating a return to the army. Benson's subsequent letters coincide with the movements of the 202nd.) In his letter of June 30, 1865, Benson noted that he had been in the army for 16 years. He may be the same George Benson who enlisted in Battery M, 3rd United States Artillery at Fort Vancouver, Washington on April 20, 1859. Born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, this 30-year-old Benson enlisted for five years' service. The enlistment record notes that this was Benson's third enlistment in the 3rd Artillery. A veteran named George Benson, 38, re-enlisted at Philadelphia on October 4, 1865. A native of Berkes County, Pennsylvania, his description matches that provided for the George Benson who had served in the 3rd U.S. Artillery. Benson died of yellow fever while serving as a sergeant in Company B, 24th U. S. Infantry at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on December 5, 1867, and was buried in Vicksburg National Cemetery.

The 1870 census lists Sarah Snyder, sister of George Benson, among the residents of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The census describes her as a 44-year-old widow, living with her daughter Kate, a 23-year-old seamstress. Sarah Snyder (1826-1908), daughter of James (or Joseph) and Mary Isenbise Benson, was buried with her husband, John B. Snyder, in Aulenbach's Cemetery, Mount Penn (Berks County), Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

The collection contains eleven letters by George W. Benson, a Pennsylvania soldier stationed and hospitalized around Washington, D.C., Ohio, Virginia, and Pennsylvania between 1863 and 1865. The letters, written to his sister (whom he identifies as Sarah at one point), describe camp and hospital life but focus largely on personal matters.

The first six of Benson's letters were written from hospitals (Columbian College Hospital in January, 1863, and Camp Dennison, Ohio, early 1864). The letters focus largely on Benson's relationship with his sister Sarah and her daughter Kate, mentioning his desire to be with them at Christmas, thanking them for provisions, and enlisting their assistance in finding a wife.

Writing from Chambersburg (September 27, 1864) and Springfield Station, Virginia (March 12, 1865), Benson continues to focus on personal matters. His final letter is written from Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, on June 20, 1865. He describes his meals, noting that they "have had no provisions for the last five days but coffee and bread only, and for the last fifteen days . . . nothing but pork bread & coffee, and the bread is sour and haf [sic] baked at that." Benson adds that he has "experienced 16 years of the United States servis [sic] and I have never yet experienced what I have within the last month," and tells her that he is coming home in a few days.

The collection also contains a letter from R. [Rachel?] Chapman, sister of George Benson. Written from Buffalo, New York, on July 28, 1864, the letter is addressed to an unnamed sister and to George Benson, apparently living in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Chapman mentions hearing that Benson will soon return to the army. As the letter is addressed to both siblings, we may infer that Benson lived with his sister Sarah for some time in the summer of 1864.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Civil War
  • Correspondence
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865

Rights Statement for Archival Description

The guide to the George W. Benson Correspondence by Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, is licensed under a CC0 (https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/).

Container List

folder 1
Correspondence,
1863-1865