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A Guide to the Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division. Desegregation files, 1965-1971 Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division. Desegregation files, 1965-1971 29479

A Guide to the Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division. Desegregation files, 1965-1971

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Accession Number 29479


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Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
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Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
USA
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2019 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Renee M. Savits

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Accession Number
29479
Title
Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division. Desegregation files, 1965-1971
Extent
9 cu. ft. (18 boxes)
Creator
Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division.
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Virginia. Dept. of Education. School Division. Desegregation files, 1965-1971. Accession 29479. State government records, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219

Acquisition Information

Transferred by the Division of Finance, Richmond, Va., 25 April 1977.

Scope and Content

Records, 1965-1971, including clippings, correspondence, forms, maps, and reports between Virginia public school boards and superintendents and the U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, regarding efforts to desegregate Virginia schools. The records are housed in 18 boxes and arranged alphabetically by city or county next hit name. The Library only has files for Fairfax-York Cities/previous hitCounties next hit but nothing for cities/previous hitcounties next hit A-E.

After the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision which ruled "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal," state officials in Virginia continued to evade school desegregation and maintained a policy aimed at minimizing desegregation. State officials passed legislation making the school desegregation process more difficult through a policy known as Massive Resistance. It wasn't until 1959 when the federal courts overturned many of Virginia's antidesegregation laws that the process of desegregation began, although it proceeded very slowly and as late as 1965 few black students in Virginia went to desegregated schools.

At first Virginia adopted "Freedom of Choice" plans which did nothing to ensure school integration as it did not "ensure racial balance in schools." It wasn't until the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare began to use portions of the 1964 Civil Rights Act to threaten localities with the loss of federal funding if they did not integrate their schools, that progress was made. Additionally a series of U.S. Supreme Court decisions increased the pace of school desegregation even more. In 1968 the Charles C. Green et. al. v. previous hitCounty next hit School Board of New Kent previous hitCounty next hit, Virginia, decision ended the "Freedome of Choice" plan and used other factors, such as the ratio of black to white students and faculty, to determine whether a desegregation plan was acceptable. Further Supreme Court decisions and pressure from the federal government helped to achieve the goal of school desegregation by the mid 1970s.

The desegregation files, 1965-1971, can be used to track the process of desegregation as city and previous hitcounty next hit school boards had to show their progress through numerous forms and plans submitted to the U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare. Local school boards had to submit forms (Summary of enrollment and staff; and Estimated enrollment and staff) and desegregation plans to show their compliance with School Desegregation Plans Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The forms contain the name of the school, previous hitcounty next hit, total number of students, total number by race (White, American Indian, Black, Other), total number of Full time and part time teachers (also categorized by race) and Office staff. These numbers were used to show the ratio of black to white students and faculty to help determine if a school board had an acceptable ratio at each school. The plans included maps outlining school locations, changes to schools, and notices put in local newspapers showing the local adoption of school desegregation plans. The plans listed the steps being taken to desegregate the schools, such as changing a former white high school to now serve all high school students and to reassign faculty across the schools without any regard to race.

Included are school board resolutions and signed Assurances (or Statements) of Compliance with Policies for School Desegregation Plans, copies of court cases, notices sent to parents, and copies of hearings before the Commissioner of Education, Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare. Also included is correspondence from the U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare about the schools plans, stating whether or not the school boards have adequately met the purpose of the Civil Rights Act and whether they would receive federal funding or not.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged alphabetically by city/previous hitcounty next hit.

Contents List

Box 1 Folder 1
Fairfax City, 1965-1967
Box 1 Folder 2
Fauquier previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1970
Box 1 Folder 3
Floyd previous hitCounty next hit, [see also Oversize folder 1] 1965-1967
Box 1 Folder 4
Fluvanna previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1970
Box 1 Folder 5
Franklin City, 1965-1966
Box 1 Folder 6
Franklin City, 1966-1969
Box 1 Folder 7
Franklin previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1970
Box 1 Folder 8
Frederick previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 2 Folder 1
Fredericksburg [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1969
Box 2 Folder 2
Fries, 1965-1967
Box 2 Folder 3
Galax, 1965-1969
Box 2 Folder 4
Giles previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 2 Folder 5
Gloucester previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1970
Box 2 Folder 6
Goochland previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1970
Box 2 Folder 7
Grayson previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 2 Folder 8
Greene previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 1], 1965-1967
Box 2 Folder 9
Greensville previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 2], 1965-1970
Box 3 Folder 1
Halifax previous hitCounty next hit, 1965
Box 3 Folder 2
Halifax previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1967
Box 3 Folder 3
Halifax previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1971
Box 3 Folder 4
Hampton [see also Oversize folder 2], 1966-1971
Box 3 Folder 5
Hanover previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 3 Folder 6
Harrisonburg [see also Oversize folder 2], 1965-1968
Box 4 Folder 1
Henrico previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 2], 1965
Box 4 Folder 2
Henrico previous hitCounty next hit, 1966-1967
Box 4 Folder 3
Henrico previous hitCounty next hit, 1968-1971
Box 4 Folder 4
Henry previous hitCounty next hit, 1965
Box 4 Folder 5
Henry previous hitCounty next hit, 1966-1967
Box 4 Folder 6
Henry previous hitCounty next hit, 1968-1971
Box 5 Folder 1
Highland previous hitCounty next hit, 1965
Box 5 Folder 2
Hopewell, 1965-1970
Box 5 Folder 3
Isle of Wight previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1971
Box 5 Folder 4
James City previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1966
Box 5 Folder 5
King George previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 5 Folder 6
King & Queen previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1969
Box 5 Folder 7
King William previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1969
Box 5 Folder 8
Lancaster previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1970
Box 5 Folder 9
Lee previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 6 Folder 1
Lexington [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1967
Box 6 Folder 2
Loudoun previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 6 Folder 3
Louisa previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1970
Box 6 Folder 4
Lunenburg previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1971
Box 6 Folder 5
Lynchburg, 1965-1971
Box 6 Folder 6
Madison previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1969
Box 6 Folder 7
Martinsville [see also Oversize folder 3], 1965-1971
Box 7 Folder 1
Mathews previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1969
Box 7 Folder 2
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1966
Box 7 Folder 3
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit, 1966-1970
Box 7 Folder 4
Middlesex previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1970
Box 7 Folder 5
Montgomery previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1969
Box 7 Folder 6
Nansemond previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1967-1971
Box 8 Folder 1
Nansemond previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1967
Box 8 Folder 2
Nelson previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1970
Box 8 Folder 3
New Kent previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 4], 1965-1966
Box 8 Folder 4
Newport News, 1965-1966
Box 8 Folder 5
Newport News, 1967
Box 8 Folder 6
Newport News, 1968-1969
Box 8 Folder 7
Newport News, 1970
Box 9 Folder 1
Newport News, 1970
Box 9 Folder 2
Newport News, 1970-1971
Box 9 Folder 3
Norfolk [see also Oversize folder 5], 1965-1966
Box 9 Folder 4
Norfolk, 1967-1968
Box 9 Folder 5
Norfolk, 1968-1969
Box 9 Folder 6
Norfolk, 1969-1970
Box 10 Folder 1
Northampton previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1966
Box 10 Folder 2
Northampton previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1971
Box 10 Folder 3
Northumberland previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 5], 1965-1970
Box 10 Folder 4
Norton, 1965-1968
Box 10 Folder 5
Nottoway previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 5], 1965-1966
Box 10 Folder 6
Nottoway previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1968
Box 10 Folder 7
Orange previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 5], 1965-1970
Box 11 Folder 1
Page previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1968
Box 11 Folder 2
Patrick previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 11 Folder 3
Petersburg, 1965-1970
Box 11 Folder 4
Pittsylvania previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1967
Box 11 Folder 5
Pittsylvania previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1969
Box 11 Folder 6
Poquoson, 1965-1970
Box 11 Folder 7
Powhatan previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 11 Folder 8
Prince Edward previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 12 Folder 1
Prince George previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 12 Folder 2
Prince William previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1969
Box 12 Folder 3
Pulaski [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1969
Box 12 Folder 4
Radford, 1965-1967
Box 12 Folder 5
Rappahannock previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1969
Box 12 Folder 6
Richmond City, 1965
Box 12 Folder 7
Richmond City, 1966
Box 13 Folder 1
Richmond City, 1967
Box 13 Folder 2
Richmond City, 1968
Box 13 Folder 3
Richmond City, 1969
Box 13 Folder 4
Richmond City, 1969-1970
Box 13 Folder 5
Richmond previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1966
Box 13 Folder 6
Richmond previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1970
Box 13 Folder 7
Roanoke City, 1965-1970
Box 14 Folder 1
Roanoke previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1969
Box 14 Folder 2
Rockbridge previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1968
Box 14 Folder 3
Rockingham previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 14 Folder 4
Russell previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 6], 1965-1970
Box 14 Folder 5
Saltville, 1965-1967
Box 14 Folder 6
Scott previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1967
Box 14 Folder 7
Shenandoah previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1968
Box 14 Folder 8
Smyth previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1968
Box 14 Folder 9
South Boston, 1965-1971
Box 15 Folder 1
Southampton previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1966
Box 15 Folder 2
Southampton previous hitCounty next hit, 1967-1969
Box 15 Folder 3
Spotsylvania previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1971
Box 15 Folder 4
Stafford previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1968
Box 15 Folder 5
Staunton, 1965-1968
Box 15 Folder 6
Suffolk [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1968
Box 15 Folder 7
Suffolk, 1968-1970
Box 15 Folder 8
Suffolk, 1970
Box 16 Folder 1
Surry previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 16 Folder 2
Sussex previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1969
Box 16 Folder 3
Tazewell previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1968
Box 16 Folder 4
Virginia Beach, 1965-1968
Box 16 Folder 5
Virginia Beach, 1968-1970
Box 16 Folder 6
Warren previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1967
Box 16 Folder 7
Washington previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 7], 1965-1967
Box 16 Folder 8
Waynesboro, 1965-1968
Box 17 Folder 1
Westmoreland previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 8], 1965-1971
Box 17 Folder 2
West Point, 1965-1969
Box 17 Folder 3
Williamsburg, 1965-1970
Box 17 Folder 3
Winchester, 1965-1969
Box 17 Folder 5
Wise previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 8], 1965-1968
Box 17 Folder 6
Wythe previous hitCounty next hit [see also Oversize folder 8], 1965-1968
Box 17 Folder 7
York previous hitCounty next hit, 1965-1970
Box 18 Folder 1
Oversize, Fauquier-Greene previous hitCounties next hit
Box 18 Folder 2
Oversize, Greensville-Henrico previous hitCounties next hit
Box 18 Folder 3
Oversize, King William previous hitCounty next hit-Martinsville
Box 18 Folder 4
Oversize, Mathews-New Kent previous hitCounties next hit
Box 18 Folder 5
Oversize, Norfolk-Orange
Box 18 Folder 6
Oversize, Page-Russell previous hitCounties next hit
Box 18 Folder 7
Oversize, Shenandoah-Washington previous hitCounties next hit
Box 18 Folder 8
Oversize, Westmoreland-Wythe previous hitCounties