A Guide to the Mecklenburg County (Va.) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827 Mecklenburg County (Va.) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827 0007418356

A Guide to the Mecklenburg County (Va.) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number: 0007418356


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© 2013 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Ed Jordan

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
0007418356
Title
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827
Physical Characteristics
.35 cu. ft. (1 box)
Collector
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

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Preferred Citation

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827. Local government records collection, previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court records from previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty.

Historical Information

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit was named for Charlotte of previous hitMecklenburg next hit-Strelitz, consort of King George III. It was formed from Lunenburg previous hitCounty next hit in 1764. The previous hitcounty next hit court first met on 11 March 1765. The previous hitcounty next hit seat is Boydton.

The separate office of coroner appeared in Virginia about 1660. The judicial duty of the office is to hold inquisitions in cases when persons meet sudden, violent, unnatural or suspicious death, or death without medical attendance. The coroner would summon a jury to assist him in determining cause of death. Prior to November 1877, the jurors numbered twelve. Between November 1877 and March 1926, the jurors numbered six. The jury viewed the body of the deceased and heard the testimony of witnesses. The coroner was required to write down witness testimony. After seeing and hearing the evidence, the jury delivered in writing to the coroner their conclusion concerning cause of death referred to as the inquisition. After March 1926, only the coroner determined cause of death. He could require physicians to assist him with determing cause of death. If a criminal act was determined to be the cause of death, the coroner was to deliver the guilty person to the sheriff and the coroners' inquests would be used as evidence in the criminal trial.

Scope and Content

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va) Coroners' Inquisitions, 1788-1827, are investigations into the deaths of individuals who died by a sudden, violent, unnatural or suspicious manner, or died without medical attendance. Causes of death found in coroners' inquisitions include murder, infanticide, suicide, domestic violence, exposure to elements, drownings, train accidents, automobile accidents, and natural causes, or as commonly referred to in the 19th century, visitation by God. Documents commonly found in coroners' inquests include the inquisition, depositions, and summons. Criminal papers such as recognizance bonds can be found in coroner inquisitions. Information found in the inquisition include the name of the coroner, the names of the jurors, the name and age of the deceased if known, gender and race of the deceased, and when, how, and by what means the deceased came to his or her death. Information found in the depositions include the name of the deponent and his or her account of the circumstances that led to the death of the deceased.

Arrangement

Chronological by date coroner filed inquisition in the court.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans--History
  • Coroners--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Death--Causes--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Free African Americans--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Infanticide--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Murder victims--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Murder--Investigation--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Slaveholders--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Slaves--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Suicide--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Women--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Geographical Names:

  • previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.)--History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Death records--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Local government records--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit
  • Reports--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit

Selected Coroners' Inquisitions of Interest

1788 July 12, Death of Emanuel, a slave:

Was shot and killed by his owner's business manager named John Clark. Emanuel ran off when he was attempted to be taken hold of. Clark shot at Emanuel to wound him but because large shot was in gun rather than drop shot, he killed Emanuel. The coroner's jury argued that Clark should be acquitted and exonerated.

1801 July 13, Death of Dan, a slave:

Dan's owner, James Campbell, not having God before his eyes and instigated by the Devil did feloniously and with malice aforethought by excessive driving cause the death of Dan who suddenly died upon his arrival at this place.

1821 December 15, Deaths of Jane, Lilly Ann, and Obedience Hunt:

Killed with an ax wielded by a slave named Henry.