A Guide to the Amherst County (Va.) Deeds and processioners' accounts, 1797-1866 Amherst County (Va.) Deeds and processioners' accounts, 1797-1866 1206167

A Guide to the Amherst County (Va.) Deeds and processioners' accounts, 1797-1866

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number: 1206167


Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2011 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Unprocessed

The Library of Virginia
Barcode number
Amherst County (Va.) Deeds, 1797-1866
Physical Characteristics
0.1 cu. ft.
Amherst County (Va.) Circuit Court
State Records Center - Archives Annex, Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Amherst County (Va.) Deeds and processioners' accounts, 1797-1866. Local Government Records Collection, Amherst County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Amherst County.

Historical Information

Amherst County was named for Major Jeffery Amherst, British commander in North America during the French and Indian War and governor of Virginia from 1759 to 1768. It was formed from Albemarle County in 1761.

Scope and Content

Amherst County (Va.) Deeds and processioners' accounts, 1797-1866 consist of unprocessed processioners' accounts and deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of gift, mortgages, deeds of trust, and deeds of emancipation. On presentation to the court, deeds were proved and recorded. If the deed was not witnessed, the grantor acknowledged the deed in open court. A few of the deeds include plats. Except for a few years early in the eighteenth century, slaves in Virginia were considered personal property and consequently were not usually sold by deed. However, they were often transferred in deeds of gift or were the property listed in mortgages and deeds of trust.

Deeds of bargain and sale are the most commonly recorded deed in which one individual sells property, usually land, but occasionally personal property, to another individual. Such deeds show the names of the grantor and grantee, the residence of both parties, a description of what is being sold, the consideration (or price), the location of the tract of land, the tract's boundaries, and any limitations on the property being sold. The deed was signed by the grantor, and possibly his wife or anyone else having a claim to the property, and by at least two witnesses. Appended to the deed may be a memorandum of livery of seisin, stating that the property has changed hands and that peaceful possession has taken place.

Deeds of gift are often found transferring property, either real or personal, from one individual to another "for love and affection." The degree of kinship, if any, between the grantor and grantee is sometimes stated.

Mortgages and deeds of trust were deeds where one party is indebted to another and transfers or mortgages property to a third party to secure the debt.

The collection may include additional record types that were recorded in deed books such as officials' bonds, fiduciary records, marriage records, road and bridge records, and bills of sale of property including slaves.

Related Material

Deed Books and Indices to Deeds for Amherst County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Additional Amherst County Land Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Amherst County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Amherst County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Land records -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Amherst County
  • Mortgage deeds -- Virginia -- Amherst County