A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921 Northumberland County (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921 1182758-1182759

A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1182758-1182759


Library of Virginia

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© 2009 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
Northumberland County (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921
Physical Characteristics
0.2 cu. ft.
Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Northumberland County (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921. Local government records collection, Northumberland County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Northumberland County under the accession number 43283.

Historical Information

Northumberland County probably was named for the English county. It was formed about 1645 from the district of Chickacoan, the early-seventeenth-century name for the region between the Potomac and the Rappahannock rivers.

Scope and Content

Northumberland (Va.) Deeds, circa 1787-1921 consist of deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of gift, mortgages, deeds of trust, and deeds of emancipation. On presentation to the court, deeds were proved and recorded. If the deed was not witnessed, the grantor acknowledged the deed in open court. A few of the deeds include plats. Except for a few years early in the eighteenth century, slaves in Virginia were considered personal property and consequently were not usually sold by deed. However, they were often transferred in deeds of gift or were the property listed in mortgages and deeds of trust.

Deeds of bargain and sale are the most commonly recorded deed in which one individual sells property, usually land, but occasionally personal property, to another individual. Such deeds show the names of the grantor and grantee, the residence of both parties, a description of what is being sold, the consideration (or price), the location of the tract of land, the tract's boundaries, and any limitations on the property being sold. The deed was signed by the grantor, and possibly his wife or anyone else having a claim to the property, and by at least two witnesses. Appended to the deed may be a memorandum of livery of seisin, stating that the property has changed hands and that peaceful possession has taken place.

Deeds of gift are often found transferring property, either real or personal, from one individual to another "for love and affection." The degree of kinship, if any, between the grantor and grantee is sometimes stated.

Mortgages and deeds of trust were deeds where one party is indebted to another and transfers or mortgages property to a third party to secure the debt.

The collection may include additional record types that were recorded in deed books such as officials' bonds, fiduciary records, marriage records, road and bridge records, and bills of sale of property including slaves.



Related Material

Deed Books and Indices to Deeds for Northumberland County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm."

Additional Northumberland County Land Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm."

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Land records -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Mortgage deeds -- Virginia -- Northumberland County

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History