A Guide to the York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859 York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859 1156325-1156326

A Guide to the York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1156325-1156326


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Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1156325-1156326
Title
York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859
Physical Characteristics
0.90 cu. ft. (2 boxes)
Collector
York County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859. Local government records collection, York County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from York County.

Historical Information

York County was originally named Charles River County, for Charles I, and was one of the eight shires formed in 1634. The present name was given in 1643, probably in honor of James, duke of York, the second son of Charles I.

Scope and Content

York County (Va.) Criminal Causes, 1778-1859 are criminal court cases and consist primarily of warrants, summons, indictments, and verdicts handed down by grand juries and other legal authorities in order to prosecute individuals who violated the penal code. These offenses ranged in severity from murder, rape, assault and battery, and larceny to tax evasion and slander. Criminal offenders and victims who appear in cases prior to the abolition of slavery in Virginia in 1865 included both free and enslaved persons.

Warrants were issued by grand juries, judges, and justices of the peace directing law enforcement officials to either arrest and imprison a person suspected of having committed a crime or to cause an individual to appear in court to answer accusations made against them. Peace warrants directing an offender to "keep the peace of the Commonwealth" or to restrain from any violent acts are commonly found in assault and battery cases.

Summonses were used to call a suspected person to appear in court. A summons could also be issued to direct witnesses or victims to come before the court in order to provide evidence or information deemed pertinent to a case.

An indictment is the official, written description of the crime that an accused individual is suspected of committing, which is approved by a grand jury and presented to a court in order to begin legal proceedings. Due to this process, indictments are often referred to as "presentments."

Verdicts are the formal pronouncements made by juries on issues submitted to them by a judge or other law enforcement official. In the case of a guilty verdict, a judge will sentence the offender. Sentences may include a fine, corporal punishment, and/or imprisonment. Coroners also submitted verdicts such as "death by suicide," "death by natural causes," etc. when determining the cause of a suspicious or sudden death.

Arrangement

Chronological

Related Material

Additional court records for York County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm .

Additional York County criminal records may be found at the York County Courthouse and the Library of Virginia.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • York County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Assault and battery -- Virginia -- York County
  • Crime -- Virginia -- York County
  • Criminals -- Virginia -- York County
  • Larceny -- Virginia -- York County
  • Libel and slander -- Virginia -- York County
  • Murder -- Virginia -- York County
  • Rape -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- York County
  • Tax evasion -- Virginia -- York County
  • Geographical Names:

  • York County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Indictments -- Virginia -- York County
  • Summons -- Virginia -- York County
  • Verdicts -- Virginia -- York County
  • Warrants (Law) -- Virginia -- York County