A Guide to the Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937 Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937 1161429-1161437

A Guide to the Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1161429-1161437


[logo]

Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
USA
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2008 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1161429-1161437
Title
Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937
Physical Characteristics
9 cu. ft. (9 boxes)
Collector
Isle of Wight County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937. Local government records collection, Isle of Wight County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from Isle of Wight County.

Historical Information

Isle of Wight County was most likely named for the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. It was first known as Warrosquyoake and was one of the eight shires established in 1634. The present name was given in 1637. Part of Nansemond County was added in 1769.

Scope and Content

Isle of Wight County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes Ended, 1774-1937 are criminal court cases and consist primarily of warrants, summons, indictments, and verdicts handed down by grand juries and other legal authorities in order to prosecute individuals who violated the penal code. These offenses ranged in severity from murder, rape, assault and battery, and larceny to tax evasion and slander. Criminal offenders and victims who appear in cases prior to the abolition of slavery in Virginia in 1865 included both free and enslaved persons.

Warrants were issued by grand juries, judges, and justices of the peace directing law enforcement officials to either arrest and imprison a person suspected of having committed a crime or to cause an individual to appear in court to answer accusations made against them. Peace warrants directing an offender to "keep the peace of the Commonwealth" or to restrain from any violent acts are commonly found in assault and battery cases.

Summonses were used to call a suspected person to appear in court. A summons could also be issued to direct witnesses or victims to come before the court in order to provide evidence or information deemed pertinent to a case.

An indictment is the official, written description of the crime that an accused individual is suspected of committing, which is approved by a grand jury and presented to a court in order to begin legal proceedings. Due to this process, indictments are often referred to as "presentments."

Verdicts are the formal pronouncements made by juries on issues submitted to them by a judge or other law enforcement official. In the case of a guilty verdict, a judge will sentence the offender. Sentences may include a fine, corporal punishment, and/or imprisonment. Coroners also submitted verdicts such as "death by suicide," "death by natural causes," etc. when determining the cause of a suspicious or sudden death.

Arrangement

Chronological

Related Material

Additional court records for Isle of Wight County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm .

Additional Isle of Wight County criminal records may be found at the Isle of Wight County Courthouse and the Library of Virginia.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Assault and battery -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Crime -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Criminals -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Larceny -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Libel and slander -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Murder -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Rape -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Tax evasion -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Indictments -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Summons -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Verdicts -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County
  • Warrants (Law) -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) -- History