A Guide to the Staunton (Va.) Deeds, 1839-1986 Staunton (Va.) Deeds, circa 1839-1986 1090251-1090255, 1141314-1141376

A Guide to the Staunton (Va.) Deeds, 1839-1986

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1090251-1090255, 1141314-1141376


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Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1090251-1090255, 1141314-1141376
Title
Staunton (Va.) Deeds, circa 1839-1986
Physical Characteristics
68 boxes
Collector
Staunton (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
State Records Center - Archives Annex, Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Staunton (Va.) Deeds, circa 1839-1986. Local Government Records Collection, Staunton (City) Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from the city of Staunton.

Historical Information

The City of Staunton, in Augusta County, was named, according to tradition, for Rebecca Staunton, wife of Sir William Gooch, lieutenant governor of Virginia from 1727 to 1749. Staunton was laid out in 1748 at the site of the Augusta County courthouse and was established as a town in 1761. It was incorporated as a town in 1801 and as a city in 1871.

Scope and Content

Staunton (Va.) Deeds, circa 1839-1986 consist of deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of gift, mortgages, deeds of trust, and indexes to deeds. On presentation to the court, deeds were proved and recorded. If the deed was not witnessed, the grantor acknowledged the deed in open court. A few of the deeds include plats. Except for a few years early in the eighteenth century, slaves in Virginia were considered personal property and consequently were not usually sold by deed. However, they were often transferred in deeds of gift or were the property listed in mortgages and deeds of trust.

Deeds of bargain and sale are the most commonly recorded deed in which one individual sells property, usually land, but occasionally personal property, to another individual. Such deeds show the names of the grantor and grantee, the residence of both parties, a description of what is being sold, the consideration (or price), the location of the tract of land, the tract's boundaries, and any limitations on the property being sold. The deed was signed by the grantor, and possibly his wife or anyone else having a claim to the property, and by at least two witnesses. Appended to the deed may be a memorandum of livery of seisin, stating that the property has changed hands and that peaceful possession has taken place.

Deeds of gift are often found transferring property, either real or personal, from one individual to another "for love and affection." The degree of kinship, if any, between the grantor and grantee is sometimes stated.

Mortgages and deeds of trust were deeds where one party is indebted to another and transfers or mortgages property to a third party to secure the debt.

The collection may include additional record types that were recorded in deed books such as officials' bonds, fiduciary records, marriage records, road and bridge records, and bills of sale of property including slaves.

Arrangement

Chronological

Related Material

Deed Books and Indices to Deeds for Staunton can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Additional Staunton Land Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Staunton (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Geographical Names:

  • Staunton (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Land records -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Staunton
  • Mortgage deeds -- Virginia -- Staunton