A Guide to the York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849) York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849) 1141497-1141501

A Guide to the York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849)

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1141497-1141501


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Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1141497-1141501
Title
York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849)
Physical Characteristics
5 cu. ft. (5 boxes)
Collector
York County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849). Local government records collection, York County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from York County.

Historical Information

York County was originally named Charles River County, for Charles I, and was one of the eight shires formed in 1634. The present name was given in 1643, probably in honor of James, duke of York, the second son of Charles I.

Scope and Content

York County (Va.) Deeds, 1761-1876 (bulk 1820-1849) consist of deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of gift, mortgages, and deeds of trust. On presentation to the court, deeds were proved and recorded. If the deed was not witnessed, the grantor acknowledged the deed in open court. A few of the deeds include plats. Except for a few years early in the eighteenth century, slaves in Virginia were considered personal property and consequently were not usually sold by deed. However, they were often transferred in deeds of gift or were the property listed in mortgages and deeds of trust.

The collection includes unrecorded deeds that were never proved and recorded in deed books

Deeds of bargain and sale are the most commonly recorded deed in which one individual sells property, usually land, but occasionally personal property, to another individual. Such deeds show the names of the grantor and grantee, the residence of both parties, a description of what is being sold, the consideration (or price), the location of the tract of land, the tract's boundaries, and any limitations on the property being sold. The deed was signed by the grantor, and possibly his wife or anyone else having a claim to the property, and by at least two witnesses. Appended to the deed may be a memorandum of livery of seisin, stating that the property has changed hands and that peaceful possession has taken place.

Deeds of gift are often found transferring property, either real or personal, from one individual to another "for love and affection." The degree of kinship, if any, between the grantor and grantee is sometimes stated.

Mortgages and deeds of trust were deeds where one party is indebted to another and transfers or mortgages property to a third party to secure the debt.

The collection may include additional record types that were recorded in deed books such as officials' bonds, fiduciary records, marriage records, road and bridge records, and bills of sale of property including slaves.

Arrangement

Chronological

Related Material

Deed Books and Indices to Deeds for York County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Additional York County Land Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • York County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- York County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- York County
  • Geographical Names:

  • York County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Deeds -- Virginia -- York County
  • Land records -- Virginia -- York County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- York County
  • Mortgage deeds -- Virginia -- York County