A Guide to the Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933 Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933 Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-001-1933-103

A Guide to the Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index: Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-001-1933-103


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Processed by: Louise Jones

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index
Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-001-1933-103
Title
Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933
Physical Characteristics
Digital images
Collector
Isle of Wight County (Va.) Circuit Court.
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Patrons are to use digital images of Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes found on the Chancery Records Index available electronically at the website of the Library of Virginia.

Preferred Citation

Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933. (Cite style of suit and chancery index no.). Local government records collection, Isle of Wight County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

Digital images were generated by Backstage Library Works through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.

Historical Information

Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.

Isle of Wight County was named probably for the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. It was first known as Warrosquyoake for an Indian tribe living in the area whose name means "swamp in a depression of land," and was one of the original shires, or counties, first enumerated in 1634. The present name was given in 1637. Parts of Nansemond County were added in 1769 and 1772.

Most pre-Revolutionary War-era loose records are missing. Volumes that record deeds, court orders, and wills exist.

Scope and Content

Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1767-1933, are indexed into the Chancery Records Index . Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed.

Chancery causes are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history.

Arrangement

Organized by case, of which each is assigned a unique index number comprised of the latest year found in case and a sequentially increasing 3-digit number assigned by the processor as cases for that year are found. Arranged chronologically.

Related Material

Post-1933 original Isle of Wight County (Va.) Chancery Causes are available at The Library of Virginia.

Additional Isle of Wight County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm.

See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.

Isle of Wight County is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Isle of Wight County Court Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Collection at the Library of Virginia. Search the Lost Records Localities Database found at the Library of Virginia web site.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History.
  • Business enterprises -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Debt -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Divorce suits -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Equity -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Estates (Law) -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) -- Genealogy.
  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) -- History.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Chancery causes -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Judicial records -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Land records -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Plats -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.
  • Wills -- Virginia -- Isle of Wight County.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Isle of Wight County (Va.) -- History.

Selected Suits of Interest

1786-011: Sophia Hanson by etc.vs. Charles Hanson:

Sophia was widow of William Rand, prominent businessman and architect of courthouse in Smithfield. Rand died in 1771. Sophia and her children inherited Rand's valuable estate (land, slaves, livestock, crops, etc.) Sophia married Charles Hanson in November 1777. Sophia accused her husband of selling her dowry property including slaves.

1790-013: William Robertson and Company vs. Francis Peacocke and Company:

The cause began in 1773, continued through the Revolutionary War, and did not end until 1790. The defendant was a mercantile busiess based in Glasgow, Scotland. The dispute involved repayment of a transaction.

1805-029: Moses, a slave, etc. vs Tim~, a slave, etc.:

Cause involves the division of land owned by slaves.

1807-010: Judy, a slave, etc. vs Siller, a slave, etc.:

Cause involves the sale of land owned by slaves. Proceeds equally divided among the plaintiffs and defendants.

1860-001: Barbara, a slave, etc. vs. Exr. of Dawson Warren, etc.:

Plaintiffs are slaves suing for their freedom.

1868-001: Joseph C. Norsworthy, etc. vs. Admr. of Joseph Norsworthy, etc.:

The cause details the trials and tribulations experienced by Robert H. Whitfield during the Civil War. Whitfield was the administrator of Joseph Norsworthy, a wealthy property owner in Isle of Wight County. He owned two estates known as Ragged Island and Plainfield. Ragged Island sold at auction. Whitfield was responsible for disbursing proceeds among descendants. The Civil War made it difficult for him to carry out his esponsibilities.

1896-009: Exr. of Thomas D. Ripley vs. Jenny, a slave, etc.:

The cause involves the estate of Thomas D. Ripley who died in 1854. It provides a glimpse into the often complex relationship between slave owner and slaves. The chancery cause was filed in 1855. Overtime other causes were combined with it. They continued on the docket until 1896. In his will, Ripley freed Jenny and her children. He left them an annuity to provide for them. At issue was when did the annuity commence, at his death or one year after his death.