A Guide to the Mecklenburg County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882 Mecklenburg County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882 1138028

A Guide to the Mecklenburg County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1138028


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Library of Virginia

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© 2006 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1138028
Title
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882
Physical Characteristics
.25 cu. ft. (1 box)
Collector
previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Circuit Court.
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882. Local government records collection, previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in transfers of court papers from previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.

Historical Information

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit was formed from Lunenburg previous hitCounty next hit in 1764.

Beginning in 1778, slaveholders who brought slaves into Virginia were required to register the slaves with the previous hitcounty next hit court and sign an oath agreeing not to bring slaves into the commonwealth with the intent of selling them.

Created in 1764. Numerous loose records prior to 1783 are missing. Volumes that record deeds, court orders, and wills exist.

Scope and Content

previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1781-1882, include a bond between Sophia Jones and the Commonwealth (1849); Peter Hutcheson's petition to exempt a slave from the levy (1788); lists of slaves (1851, 1853, 1856); certificates of importation of slaves (1781-1819); certificate of purchase of slaves (1837, 1838); fees for registrations of free negroes (1828, 1831); free negro register (1820); free negro registers renewed (1827, 1831, 1836, 1838, 1842); documents and lists relating to requisition of slaves and free negroes to work on the fortifications (1863-1865, n.d.); and a letter from former slave Jennie Brown of Corinth, Mississippi, to the sheriff inquiring about her family in previous hitMecklenburg next hit (1882).

The bond between Sophia Jones and the Commonwealth (1849) concerns the establishment of the fact that Sophia Jones is a free woman, not a slave, but is not entitled to remain in the state of Virginia. The bond guarantees that she will depart within ten days of being released from jail and not return.

Peter Hutcheson's petition to exempt a slave from the levy (1788) requests that the said negro man not be taxed due to his affliction with "rumitis" making him unable to anything of consequence.

Lists of slaves (1851, 1853, 1856) are three lists of either dower slaves or slaves sold from an estate. The lists give the name of the owner, the manner in which the slaves came to be owned, the names and ages of the slaves, and to whom they were sold if sold.

Certificates of importation of slaves (1781-1819) contain information whereby a slaveowner swears that (s)he has not imported the slave from Africa and that (s)he has not brought the slave into Virginia with the purpose of selling it. The slave is sometimes named but not always and occasionally information is given as to age or birth date.

The certificates of purchase of slaves (1837, 1838) are two documents that give the name of the purchaser, the name of the seller, and the names and ages of the slaves purchased. The certificate was recorded by the clerk. The slaves were owned by right of the husband of the widow of a Towler.

Fees for registrations of free negroes (1828, 1831) are three bills for the clerk's fee charged for registering a free negro. The slips give the name of the person, the reason for the charge, and the amount.

The free negro register from 1820 is for Molly Cousins and is the copy of her free negro registration that she would have carried on her to prove her free status. It gives her registration number which would match the number in the volume kept by the clerk of court, age, brief physical description, circumstances of her freedom, and certification by the clerk of court.

Free negro registrations renewed (1827, 1831, 1836, 1838, 1842) contain the name of the free person, age and a brief physical description, whether born free or emancipated, and a statement either to a prior registration with the court or to a certification or prior free papers and a comparison of the papers with the person who possessed them. The register number is also given; this number corresponds to the entry number in the register of free negroes kept by the clerk of court at the courthouse.

Documents and lists relating to requisition of slaves and free negroes to work on the fortifications (1863-1865, n.d.) consist primarily of lists compiled by magisterial district of the names of slaveowners and the numbers of slaves that they sent to fulfill the conscription orders from the state. Others documents include orders and summons from both state and previous hitcounty next hit government relating to the requisition of slaves and free negroes (1863-1865); a letter to the previous hitMecklenburg next hit court from the Secretary of the Commonwealth regarding specific questions about the requisition of slaves (1863); and a petition for exemption of an individual's slaves from the requisition (1865).

The letter (1882) from former slave Jennie Brown of Corinth, Mississippi, to the sheriff of previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit inquires about family members who may still be in the area. She states that she was sold prior to the Civil War and is looking for any remaining members of her family, the Kings. She lists the names of neighbors whom she can recall, says that her grandmother lived in Petersburg, and then lists all of the names and her relationship to family members that she is trying to find. She states that her husband's name is Tobe Brown and her current residence is Alcorn previous hitCounty next hit, Mississippi.

Related Material

Additional previous hitMecklenburg next hit Free Negro and Slave Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia previous hitCounty next hit and City Records on Microfilm."

Mecklenberg previous hitCounty is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Mecklenberg Court Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Collection at the Library of Virginia. Search the Lost Records Localites Database found on the Library of Virginia's web site.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Confederate States of America--Defenses.
  • Free African Americans--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Freedmen--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Slave labor--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Slave records--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Slave trade--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Slaveholders--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Slaves--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Geographical Names:

  • previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit (Va.)--History.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Bonds (legal records)--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Certificates--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Executive orders--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Fees--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Free negro lists--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Free negro registrations--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Free papers--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Letters (correspondence)--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Lists--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Local government records--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Summons--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.
  • Tax and fiscal records--Virginia--previous hitMecklenburg next hit previous hitCounty next hit.