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A Guide to the Records of the Virginia Penitentiary, 1796-1991 (bulk 1906-1970) Virginia Penitentiary Records, 1796-1991 (bulk 1906-1970) 41558

A Guide to the Records of the Virginia Penitentiary, 1796-1991 (bulk 1906-1970)

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Accession Number 41558


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Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
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Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
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Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
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© 2011 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Roger E. Christman

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Accession Number
41558
Title
Records of the Virginia Penitentiary, 1796-1991 (bulk 1906-1970)
Extent
211.47 cubic feet (698 boxes and 1 map case drawer) and 289 volumes
Creator
Virginia Penitentiary
Language
English
Abstract

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

As of September 11, 2019, medical records will be open 125 years after the date of creation or after date closed, whichever is later. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requires that individually identifiable health information of a decedent be protected for 50 years following the date of death of the individual (45 CFR 164.502(f)).

Protected health information (PHI) as defined under the Privacy Regulations issued under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) includes, but is not limited to, personally identifiable information such as names, addresses, and social security numbers. Restricted material may include, but is not limited to: patient lists, patient admission registers, treatment registers and medical record files. Please contact Archives Research Services for further information.

The Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia, 42.1-78) includes a provision for closing all privacy protected information for 75 years from the date of creation. In accordance with this legislation, the Library of Virginia can and will restrict, in whole or in part, access to any privacy protected or any other confidential information contained in these records. Privacy protected records may include but are not limited to: inmate punishment records, records with social security numbers, and privileged documents (attorney-client).

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Records of the Virginia Penitentiary, [specific series], [dates]. Accession 41558. State Records Collection, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

The Records of the Virginia Penitentiary came to the Library of Virginia in over 40 separate accessions. In July 2004, the Penitentiary records were combined into one accession (41558).

Accession 22801, Account Books, Criminal Charges, 1886-1903. Transfer information unavailable, accessioned 1948.

Accession 26162, Virginia Penitentiary, Board of Directors, Minutes, 1881-1942. Transferred from the Virginia Dept. of Welfare, 25 August 1964; accessioned 25 August 1964.

Accession 27951, Records, State Lime Grinding Plant No. 1, Staunton, 1914-1937. Transferred by Henry H. Budd, Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce, Division of Administration, Richmond, Va., 9 March 1973; accessioned 14 March 1973

Accession 27979, Rules and Regulations, 1802. Gift of Carroll Hart, Dept. of Archives and History, Atlanta, Georgia , 8 May 1973; accessioned 8 May 1973.

Accession 29347, Registers, Register Indexes, and Medical Registers, 16 volumes. Transferred from the Dept. of Corrections, 26 January 1977; accessioned 26 January 1977.

Accession 29399, Medical Registers, 1902-1965, 26 volumes. Transferred from the Virginia State Penitentiary, 26 April 1977; accessioned 25 February 1979.

Accession 30468, Death Register, 1926-1951, 1 volume. Transferred from the Virginia State Penitentiary, 30 June 1979; accessioned 30 June 1979.

Accession 30767, Fiscal Records, 1921-1970, 21 volumes. Transferred from the Dept. of Corrections, 14 February 1980; accessioned 21 May 1980.

Accession 30769, Inmate Index Cards, 1914, 1919, 1921-1949, 2 cubic feet. Transferred from the Dept. of Corrections, 21 February 1980; accessioned 21 May 1980.

Accession 30770, Register of Convicts, 1876-1884, 1 volume. Received from Greer Fullerton, Sr., Museum Coordinator. Academy for Staff Development, PO Box 2215, Waynesboro, Va, 10 September 1979.

Accession 31429, General Correspondence, 1890-1921. Gift of Paul W. Keve, School of Community Service, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June 1982; accessioned 21 June 1982.

Accession 31430, Penitentiary Registers and Ledgers, 1895-1972, 23 volumes. Gift of Paul W. Keve, School of Community Service, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June 1982; accessioned 21 June 1982.

Accession 31435, Letter, 1910. Gift of Paul W. Keve, School of Community Service, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, 8 June 1982; accessioned 24 June 1982.

Accession 31520, State Farm Records, 1956-1974, 13 items. Gift of Paul W. Keve, School of Community Service, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, 5 October 1982; accessioned 5 October 1982.

Accession 31816, Inmate Photographs and Negatives, 1914, 1934-1961. Transferred by Fleur L. Dorschel, File Maintenance and Storage, Dept. of Corrections, 24 June 1983; accessioned 30 June 1983.

Accession 31910, General Ledger and Journal Entries, 1974-1979. Transferred by Glenda J. Adams, Accounting Department, Virginia State Penitentiary, 14 October 1983; accessioned 26 October 1983.

Accession 33674, General Records, 1912-1963, 12 items. No acquisition information available; accessioned 1989.

Accession 35176, Ledgers and Registers, 43 volumes. Transferred by Julian V. Pugh, Central Criminal Records, Dept. of Corrections, 8 June 1981; accessioned 17 November 1997.

Accession 35177, Registers, 1902-1971, 4 volumes. No acquisition information available; accessioned 18 November 1997.

Accession 35178, Registers, 1865-1908, 1951-1956, 9 volumes. No acquisition information available; accessioned November 1997.

Accession 35179, Virginia Penitentiary, Board of Directors, Minutes, 1874-1877, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 20 November 1997.

Accession 35180, Daybook, 1817-1818. Acquired prior to 1905. No acquisition information available; accessioned 21 November 1997.

Accession 35182, Virginia Penitentiary. Board of Inspectors, Proceedings, 1800-1803. Acquired prior to 1905. No acquisition information available; accessioned 24 November 1997.

Accession 35183, Transportation Checklist, 1879-1881, 1 volume. Acquired prior to 1905. No acquisition information available; accessioned 25 November 1997.

Accession 35184, Virginia Penitentiary. Board of Visitors, 1807-1816. Acquired prior to 1905. No acquisition information available; accessioned 25 November 1997.

Accession 37333, Papers, 1823-1841. No acquisition information available; accessioned 23 May 2000.

Accession 37432, Superintendent's Records, 1893-1966, 40.2 cu. ft. and 1 volume. Transferred by J.P. Mitchell, Warden, State Penitentiary, Richmond, Virginia, 28 August 1979; accessioned 30 June 2000.

Accession 37440, Records, 1972-1980, 12 volumes. Transferred by Paul Keve, Virginia Commonwealth University, 30 June 1982; accessioned 11 July 2000.

Accession 37475, Accounts with A. and S. H. Smith, Agents at Staunton, 1811-1814. No acquisition information available; accessioned 21 July 2000.

Accession 37489, Papers concerning Board of Visitors, prisoners, prison conditions and investigations, and penitentiary finances, 1798-1824. Acquired prior to 1905. No acquisition information available; accessioned 25 July 2000.

Accession 37539, Penitentiary construction papers, 1797-1799. No acquisition information available; accessioned 9 August 2000.

Accession 37567, Miscellaneous records, 1812-1863. No acquisition information available; accessioned 16 August 2000.

Accession 37603, Inmate Negatives, 1934-1938, 2.88 cu. ft.. No acquisition information available; accessioned 21 August 2000.

Accession 37685, Daybook, 1933-1940, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 21 September 2000.

Accession 37686, Letter book, 1895-1903, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 22 September 2000.

Accession 37688, Monthly Reports, 1892-1912, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 27 September 2000.

Accession 37718, Accounts and invoices of goods manufactured at the penitentiary, 1864-1865. No acquisition information available; accessioned 25 October 2000.

Accession 37722, Indexes, 2 volumes. No acquisition information available; accessioned 26 October 2000.

Accession 37723, Index, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 26 October 2000.

Accession 37725, Indexes to Prisoner Registers, 3 volumes. No acquisition information available; accessioned 26 October 2000.

Accession 38067, General Records, 1865-1950, 41 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 8 June 1982.

Accession 38101, Appointments of Keeper, 1796-1819. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38103, Execution Files, 1908-1970, 5.63 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38104, Reports, 1903-1984, 1.45 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38106, Financial Records, 1880-1980, 14 cu. ft. and 29 volumes. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38107, Records, 1906-1937, 16.5 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38108, Glass Plate Negatives of Convicts, 1906-1914, 19 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38109, Superintendent's Correspondence, undated, 0.375 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38110, Inmate Photographs, 1965-1966, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 17 May 2001.

Accession 38214, Treatment Register, 1910-1920, 1 volume. No acquisition information available; accessioned 12 July 2001.

Accession 38651, Records, 1873-1990, 10 cu. ft. and 7 volumes. Transferred by Paul Henick, Dept. of Corrections, Richmond, Va., 30 November 2001; accessioned 30 November 2001.

Accession 40350, Index Cards, 1917-1965, 2.04 cu. ft. No acquisition information available; accessioned 18 February 2003.

Accession 41991, Prisoner photographs, negatives and interpositives, 1938-1961. Records duplicated from originals held by Library of Virginia by Northeast Document Conservation Center, 2005-2007.

Accession 42742, Raymond Muncy records, 1987-1991. Gift of R.M. Oliver, Richmond, Va., 14 July 2006; accessioned 14 July 2006.

Alternative Form Available

Prisoner Registers and Indexes, 1865-1980, also available on microfilm - Miscellaneous Reels 5989-6004

Processing Information

The Virginia Penitentiary collection came to the Library of Virginia in multiple accessions over several decades. In many cases, the original order of the material had been disturbed or was unidentifiable. In other instances, the provenance was unclear and an educated guess was made as to which person or office created the records. Care was taken to maintain the original order when possible, but for the most part, the arrangement of this collection is artificial. The series names and groupings were devised by the processing archivist in an attempt to create logical divisions within this large collection. Cross-references can be found in many series descriptions that will point the researcher to similar material in other series.

Additionally, separate box and volume numbering systems were imposed by the processing archivist for finding aid and stack location identification purposes. The box and volume numbers should be used when requesting material, but are not always in strict numerical order.

Historical Information

In December 1796 the Virginia General Assembly passed legislation authorizing the construction of a penitentiary and providing details on its design and operation. Governor James Wood (1796-1799) selected Benjamin Henry Latrobe as architect and Thomas Callis as superintendent of the project. A twelve acre plot of land on the James River just outside of Richmond was purchased and construction began in 1797.

The Virginia Penitentiary opened in 1800. Latrobe's design, while architecturally impressive, was functionally flawed. The cells were large enough to hold several prisoners. However, the cell doors had no windows making it impossible to supervise the prisoners. In addition, the cells had no heat, poor ventilation and no plumbing. Prisoners also had to eat in these conditions since the penitentiary did not have a dining room. The penitentiary's day-to-day operation was overseen by a Keeper (or Superintendent), appointed by the Governor for a one year term, and deputies appointed by the Keeper. A board of twelve inspectors, appointed by the Hustings Court of the City of Richmond, oversaw penitentiary operations. In 1819 the General Assembly abolished the Board of Inspectors and created a five person Board of Directors (later reduced to three members) who were appointed by the governor; the Keeper was still appointed by the governor. An 1852 act gave the General Assembly the power to elect a superintendent for a two year term. The 1902 Constitution expanded the Board of Directors to five members and empowered the Board, not the General Assembly, to select the Superintendent for a four year term.. In 1942 the Virginia General Assembly created the Virginia Department of Corrections, consolidating the administration and regulation of all penal and correctional intuitions under one agency lead by the Commissioner of Corrections. This new department was overseen by a five member Board of Corrections. Corrections departments were merged into the Department of Welfare and Institutions by a government reorganization act passed by the General Assembly in 1948. In 1974 the Department of Welfare and Institutions was abolished and a new Department of Corrections was created.

Two of the most influential superintendents were Evan F. Morgan (1906-1909) and Rice M. Youell (1922-1942). In 1906 Morgan established the State Convict Road Force to assist the new State Highway Commission build roads in Virginia. Beginning in 1908, all executions were centralized at the Virginia Penitentiary. Morgan oversaw the installation of the electric chair and established procedures for executions. Youell was the longest serving of any superintendent at the Virginia Penitentiary. He served as superintendent from 1922 to 1942. During this tenure he greatly expanded educational and vocational opportunities for inmates. He successfully transitioned the Penitentiary's industries to meet the requirements of the federal Hawes-Cooper Convict Labor Act of 1929. This legislation prohibited the interstate sale of prison goods and went into effect in 1934. The General Assembly passed legislation in 1934 which established the state-use principle regarding prison products created by convict labor. The law specified that prison industries should only produce items needed by state agencies or political subdivisions. Youell was selected as the first Commissioner of Corrections in 1942. In 1948 he was named director of the reorganized corrections division, a position he held until his retirement in 1960. Major Youell was elected president of the American Prison Association in 1937 and president of the Southern States Prison Association in 1955.

Latrobe's original structure was torn down in 1928. The Virginia Penitentiary closed in December 1990 and was torn down in 1992.

Scope and Content

The Virginia Penitentiary collection contains a wide variety of bound volumes and paper records spanning nearly 200 years (1796-1991; bulk 1906-1970). Included are administrative records such as annual reports, correspondence, office and subject files, minute books, photographs, blueprints, as well as specific records related to the State Convict Road Force and State Convict Lime Grinding Board. Also included are financial records such as account books, cash books, ledgers, payrolls, and receipt books. The prisoner related records include: prisoner registers, photographs and negatives, medical records, commitment orders, punishment records, escape reports, index cards and execution files. The records of the Virginia Penitentiary document the institutions' operational history, prisoners and the evolution of corrections in Virginia.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into the following series:

Series I. Penitentiary Papers, 1796-1865 Subseries A. Penitentiary Construction Papers, 1797-1799 Subseries B. Letters of Application and Recommendation for Positions of Penitentiary Keeper, Agent and Physician, 1796-1797, 1812-1916 and 1819 Subseries C. Board of Inspectors and Visitors, 1800-1820 Subseries D. Prisoners, 1798-1820 Subseries E. Prison Conditions and Investigations, 1800-1824 Subseries F. Penitentiary Financial Records, 1800-1865 Series II. Prisoner Records, 1865-1990 Subseries A. Registers, 1865-1990 Subseries B. Photographs and Negatives, 1906-1961, 1965-1966 Subseries C. Penitentiary Commitment Orders, 1865-1896 Subseries D. Inmate Index Cards for Felons, 1914, 1919, 1921-1949 Subseries E. Execution Files, 1908-1970 Series III. Board of Directors (State Prison Board), 1874-1877, 1881-1942 Subseries A. Minutes, 1874-1877, 1881-1942 Subseries B. Correspondence and Reports, 1902-1939 Subseries C. Annual Reports, 1877-1942 Series IV. Office of the Superintendent, 1869-1991 (bulk 1908-1970) Subseries A. Letter Books, ca. 1871-1906 Subseries B. General Correspondence, 1892-1991 (bulk 1908-1970) Subseries C. State Convict Road Force, 1906-1940 Subseries D. Correspondence, Office of the Governor, 1915-1916, 1921-1940 Subseries E. Reports and Publications, 1921-1982 (bulk 1941-1982) Subseries F. Guard Logs, Virginia Penitentiary, 1972-1980 Subseries G. Reference Books, 1869-1931 Subseries H. Photographs, 1976-1989 (bulk 1976-1979) Series V. State Convict Road Force, 1904-1965 (bulk 1906-1949) Subseries A. Prisoner Records, 1904-1965 (bulk 1910-1949) Subseries B. Diaries, 1936-1938 Subseries C. Correspondence, 1910, 1912, 1919-1930, 1933-1941 Subseries D. Financial Records, 1906-1937 Series VI. State Convict Lime Grinding Board, 1914-1934, 1937 (bulk 1914-1922) Subseries A. Minutes, 1914-1921, 1923 Subseries B. Correspondence, 1914-1925 Subseries C. Financial Records, 1914-1924 Subseries D. Records from the Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce, 1914-1934, 1937 Series VII. Financial Records, 1879-1881, 1884-1980 (bulk 1895-1933) Series VIII. Blueprints and Drawings, 1940-1984

Contents List

Series I. Penitentiary Papers, 1796-1865.
Boxes 1-8.Oversize Box 1.
Extent: 3.95 cubic feet of records.

The Penitentiary Papers series is housed in nine (9) boxes with oversized material separated out and is arranged into seven (7) subseries. Subseries have been designated for: A. Penitentiary Construction Papers; B. Letters of Application and Recommendation for Position of Penitentiary Keeper, Agent and Physician; C. Board of Inspectors and Visitors; D. Prisoners; E. Prison Conditions and Investigations; and F. Penitentiary Financial Records. This series consists of accounts, affidavits, contracts, deeds, letters (correspondence), minutes, muster rolls, petitions, plats, proceedings, reports and vouchers. This is an artificial series consisting of extant pre-1865 Penitentiary related records. During the evacuation of Richmond in April 1865, Penitentiary Superintendent Colin Bass carried off most of the penitentiary records and very few pre-1865 penitentiary records survive. Many of the records in this series were removed at some point from other collections such as the Office of the Governor and Auditor of Public Accounts. Additional records from the antebellum era related to the penitentiary may be found in the records of the Auditor of Public Accounts, General Assembly (especially Legislative Petitions and Executive Communications) and Office of the Governor. Published annual reports of the Directors of the Penitentiary as well as legislative reports on the Penitentiary from the antebellum period can be found in the Journal of the House of Delegates [J87 v6].

  • Box 1 and Oversize Box 1.
    Series I. Subseries A. Penitentiary Construction Papers, 1797-1799.

    This subseries is housed in 11 folders and contains correspondence and records related to the construction of the Virginia Penitentiary. Benjamin Henry Latrobe was named architect and Thomas Callis as superintendent of the project. Included is a survey of 12 acres in Henrico County and Richmond City for a penitentiary site (30 March 1797) and a petition of eight Richmond inhabitants against the proposed location of the penitentiary (1797). Thomas Callis also writes to Governor James Wood accepting appointment as superintendent of the project (16 April 1797). Callis enters into a contract with Martin Mims to supply 600,000 bricks for the penitentiary (21 July 1797). Benjamin Latrobe's correspondence with Governor Wood and the Council of State include offering his services for the penitentiary (25 January 1797) and acknowledgment of receipt of payment for his services (12 May 1797, 20 July 1797). Latrobe periodically reports on topics including general progress report (6 July 1797), water supply and well shaft (13 July 1797, 19 October 1797 and 26 October 1797), brick work (15 July 1797, 19 July 1797 and 22 August 1797), state of the walls, arches, brick work and delivery of materials (17 August 1797) and an estimate for the tunnel to carry water to the penitentiary and the number of bricks needed to complete the building (29 September 1797). Latrobe also asks the Governor for permission to temporarily retain the book of drawings for the penitentiary in order to copy them (5 October 1797). Additional Latrobe and Callis correspondence highlight their dispute over John Shortis' bill for work on the penitentiary and their supervisory responsibilities. Latrobe provides his account of the Shortis' conflict in letters to the Council of State (31 August 1797) and John Courtney (9 September 1797). Latrobe also writes Callis and informs him of his plans to inform the Council of Callis' incapacity as Superintendent (26 August 1797) and Callis' reply (27 August 1797).

    • Box 1 Folder 1
      Deed, Charles Boush and wife to Governor James Wood on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, recorded 18 July 1797 (tract of land in Norfolk County, 10 acres, for Quarantine Hospital)
    • Box 1 Folder 2
      Survey of 12 acres in Henrico County and Richmond City for Penitentiary site; land purchased from Thomas Rutherford, 30 March 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 3
      Petition by eight Richmond inhabitants against the proposed location of the Penitentiary, 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 4
      Letter, Thomas Eddy of New York to [Governor James Wood] regarding the penitentiary (see Oversize Box 1, Folder 1a), 23 April 1797.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 1a
      Letter, Thomas Eddy of New York to [Governor James Wood] regarding the penitentiary, 23 April 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 5
      Letter, Thomas Callis to Governor James Wood, accepting appointment as Superintendent of the building of the penitentiary house, 16 April 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 6
      Contract, Thomas Callis, state appointed "contractor", with Martin Mimms, the latter to lay 600,000 bricks in the gateway, foundations, and cellar stories of the penitentiary, 21 July 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 7
      Letters written by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the penitentiary, regarding construction of same, 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 8
      Letters written by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, John Shortis, carpenter, and Thomas Callis, regarding the bill presented by Shortis for work done on the penitentiary building, 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 9
      Correspondence regarding the cost and purchasing of materials for the penitentiary, 1797.
    • Box 1 Folder 10
      Proposals and bids for construction work on the penitentiary building, 1797-1799.
    • Box 1 Folder 11
      Account of work done on the penitentiary building, 1797-1798.
  • Boxes 1-2.
    Series I. Subseries B. Letters of Application and Recommendation for Positions of Penitentiary Keeper, Agent and Physician, 1796-1797, 1812-1816 and 1819.

    This subseries is housed in 23 folders and contains correspondence related to the appointment of Penitentiary Keeper, Agent and Physician. During the antebellum years, the penitentiary keeper (later superintendent) was elected annually by the General Assembly. Abraham Douglass, who had served since 1807, left the position in 1812 and William Campbell replaced him. Campbell served until 1816 and was replaced by Samuel P. Parsons, a member of the Board of Inspectors. Records in this subseries include letters of application for the positions of Keeper, Agent and Physician, and letters and petitions of support for individual candidates sent to Governors James Barbour and Wilson Nicholas and members of the Council of State in 1812, 1813 and 1816. Applicants for Penitentiary Keeper include: Richard Armstrong, Edward Cahill, Robert Courtney, Thomas Drake, John Kelso, David Lewis, Joseph Mayo, Abijah Price, Ellis Puryear, Henry Shore, Lambert Smyth, Lewis Sowell, William D. Taylor, John Wright and George Wyatt. Applicants for Penitentiary Agent include: James A. Campbell, Samuel S. Carter, Samuel Lemaine, Thomas Staples, Philip Triplett and Stephen Woodson.

    • Box 1 Folder 12
      Letters of application and recommendation for position of penitentiary keeper and agent, 1796-1797 and 1812-1813.
    • Box 1 Folder 13
      Letters of application and recommendation for position of penitentiary keeper and agent, 1816.
    • Box 1 Folder 14
      Letters of application and recommendation of Edward Cahill for position of superintendent keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 15
      Letters of application and recommendation of John Kelso for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812 and 1816.
    • Box 1 Folder 16
      Letters of application and recommendation of David Lewis for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812 and 1816.
    • Box 1 Folder 17
      Letters of application and recommendation of Abijah Price for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 18
      Letters of application and recommendation of Ellis Puryear for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 19
      Letters of application and recommendation of Henry Shore for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812 and 1816.
    • Box 1 Folder 20
      Letters of application and recommendation of Lambert Smyth for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 21
      Letters of application and recommendation of Lewis Sowell for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 22
      Letters of recommendation of William D. Taylor for position of penitentiary keeper, 1812.
    • Box 1 Folder 23
      Letters of recommendation and application of Samuel S. Carter for position of penitentiary agent, 1813.
    • Box 2 Folder 1
      Letters of recommendation and application of Richard Armstrong for position of penitentiary keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 2
      Letters of recommendation and application of James A. Campbell for position of penitentiary agent, 1813, 1815 and 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 3
      Letters of recommendation of Captain Robert Courtney for position of penitentiary keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 4
      Letters of recommendation and application of Thomas Drake for position of penitentiary keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 5
      Letters of recommendation and application of Samuel Lemaine for position of penitentiary agent, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 6
      Letters of recommendation and application of Joseph Mayo for positions of penitentiary agent and keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 7
      Letters of recommendation and application of Thomas Staples and Stephen Woodson for position of penitentiary agent, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 8
      Letters of recommendation and application of Philip Triplett for position of penitentiary agent, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 9
      Letters of recommendation and application of John Wright for position of penitentiary keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 10
      Letters of recommendation of George Wyatt for position of penitentiary keeper, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 11
      Letters of application and recommendation for position of penitentiary physician, 1819.
  • Boxes 2-3.
    Series I. Subseries C. Board of Inspectors and Visitors, 1800-1820.

    This subseries is housed in 6 folders and 2 volumes and is arranged chronologically. The subseries contains letters of appointment to the Board of Inspectors (1800-1801) and Board of Visitors (1807) and rough drafts of various proceedings and reports of the Board of Visitors from 1807 to 1816. The most significant records are the proceedings of the Board of Inspectors from 25 April 1800 to 22 March 1803 that include descriptions of penitentiary conditions and the reports of the Board of Visitors from 12 November 1807 to 20 November 1816. The Board of Visitors reports volume is indexed and includes reports of visits to the penitentiary, lists of prisoners including name, crime and sentence, statements of articles manufactured at penitentiary, accounts and pardon recommendations.

    • Box 2 Folder 12
      Letters regarding appointments of the penitentiary inspectors and visitors, 1800-1801 and 1807.
    • Box 2 Folder 13
      Board of Visitors, proceedings, 1807-1808.
    • Box 2 Folder 14
      Board of Visitors, proceedings, 1809-1810.
    • Box 2 Folder 15
      Board of Visitors, proceedings, 1814-1815.
    • Box 2 Folder 16
      Board of Visitors, proceedings, 1816.
    • Box 2 Folder 17
      Letters authorizing the penitentiary keeper to inspect other institutions for operational ideas, 1820.
    • Box 3
      Volume - Board of Inspectors, Proceedings, 25 April 1800 to 22 March 1803.
    • Box 3
      Volume - Board of Visitors, Reports, 12 November 1807 to 20 November 1816.
  • Box 4 and Oversize Box 1.
    Series I. Subseries D. Prisoners, 1798-1820.

    This subseries is housed in 5 folders and 1 oversize folder. Included are penitentiary prisoner lists for 1814, 1815 and 1820 and nd. The 1815 and 1820 lists only include the number of prisoners incarcerated by year. The 1814 and undated lists are more detailed and list the name of prisoner, place of birth, court convicted at, crime, when received and length of sentence. Other records include: petition of William Nash, a prisoner, to the Governor and Council of State, seeking a pardon (undated); papers regarding a pardon sought by Thomas Johnson (1812-1813, 1815-1816); lists of prisoners offering to enlist in the army in exchange for pardons (16, 18 September 1812); and Miscellaneous Papers: Report of escaped prisoner, James Monroe, 18 October 1798; Sentencing of five persons from Washington County to the Penitentiary for larceny, 10 October 1807; Property report for William Norton, discharged prisoner, 28 April 1809; Conduct reports for three prisoners, William Bateman (13 June 1809) and Henry and David Thacker (16 June 1809).

    • Box 4 Folder 1
      Penitentiary prisoner lists, 1814, 1815, 1820 and undated.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 1b
      Penitentiary prisoner lists, 1814, 1815 and 1820.
    • Box 4 Folder 2
      Petition of William Nash, prisoner, to Governor and Council of State, seeking a pardon, undated.
    • Box 4 Folder 3
      Papers regarding a pardon sought by Thomas Johnson, prisoner, 1812-1813, 1815-1816.
    • Box 4 Folder 4
      Lists of prisoners offering to enlist in the army in exchange for pardons, 16, 18 September 1812.
    • Box 4 Folder 5
      Miscellaneous Papers: Report of escaped prisoner, James Monroe, 18 October 1798; Sentencing of five persons from Washington County to the Penitentiary for larceny, 10 October 1807; Property report for William Norton, discharged prisoner, 28 April 1809; Conduct reports for three prisoners, William Bateman (13 June 1809) and Henry and David Thacker (16 June 1809).
  • Box 4 and Oversize Box 1.
    Series I. Subseries E. Prison Conditions and Investigations, 1800-1824.

    This subseries is housed in 6 folders and 1 oversize item. Many of the records appear to have been removed from the Office of the Governor's records. Correspondence to Governor James Monroe from the Board of Inspectors and Martin Mims, Penitentiary Keeper relating to prison policies, conditions and construction projects include: reports regarding prison construction projects (24 October 1800, 9, 10 and 14 October 1801); prison conditions (20 June 1801, 11 August 1801 and 2 December 1801); nail manufacturing at the penitentiary (2 May 1801 and 14 November 1801) and a draft copy of the rules and regulations for the penitentiary adopted by the Board of Inspectors (5 November 1801) and Mims' comments (27 November 1801).

    Correspondence regarding conditions at the penitentiary include: a report of Thomas Clark to Governor William H. Cabell, dated 29 November 1806, describing his solution to the penitentiary's water supply problems; letter of Penitentiary Keeper Samuel P. Parsons to Governor Wilson Nicholas, dated 25 June 1816, containing a list of suggested alterations and improvements to penitentiary operations; copy of report of the Penitentiary Commissioners, dated 3 January 1823, describing prison conditions; and six affidavits from penitentiary staff members (Andrew Crew, turnkey and delivery clerk; Abner Griffin, keeper of the outer gate; Wm. Jarvis, first assistant keeper; Joseph Kenbrough, second assistant keeper; William Simpson, fourth assistant keeper; Daniel Tottey, third assistant keeper; and Edmund Pendleton, junior keeper of the public jail and penitentiary house) dated 9 August 1823 describing the 8 August 1823 penitentiary fire.

    Other records include statements describing the quality of goods manufactured at the penitentiary (1823-1824), a report to the Governor and Council of State by a committee created by the Board of Visitors on the classification of prisoners at the penitentiary (14 May 1808), report of the House of Delegates Penitentiary Committee (9 February 1824) and an 1802 list of 20 rules and regulations governing the duties of the keeper and the condition of the convicts along with abstracts of the penal laws concerning prisoners.

    • Box 4 Folder 6
      Letters and papers concerning the penitentiary, relative to prison policies and construction projects, 1800-1802.
    • Box 4 Folder 7
      Affidavits and papers regarding existing conditions at the penitentiary, 1806, 1809, 1813, 1816, 1822-1823.
    • Box 4 Folder 8
      Letters concerning the penitentiary, dealing primarily with the operation of the prison and suggested improvements, 1818-1821.
    • Box 4 Folder 9
      Letters and papers regarding articles manufactured at the penitentiary and the quality thereof, 1813-1815, 1823-1824.
    • Box 4 Folder 10
      Report of a committee set up to organize a classification of the convicts, 14 May 1808.
    • Box 4 Folder 11
      House of Delegates, Penitentiary Committee, report, 9 February 1824.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 2
      Rules and Regulations (original and photostat), 1802.
  • Boxes 5-8 and Oversize Box 1.
    Series I. Subseries F. Penitentiary Financial Records, 1800-1865.

    This subseries is housed in 4 boxes and 5 oversize folders. Included are statements of expenses for the roof of the Capitol, Manufactory of Arms, Penitentiary Buildings, Richmond Public Warehouse and Public Guard (all submitted 14 January 1802), financial statements (1807, 1808-1809, 1809-1810, 1810-1811, 1816, 1817-1818), letters to the Governor and Council of State regarding extra compensation received by the penitentiary keeper (1807, 1814 and 1815), proposals to furnish rations to the penitentiary (1807, 1818-1819), invoices and accounts of manufactured articles sent to Abraham and Silas H. Smith, penitentiary agents at Staunton (12 June 1811-17 August 1817), reports and statements showing the costs and articles purchased by the penitentiary agents (14 May 1812 to 30 June 1816), inventories of stock on hand at the penitentiary (30 November 1812 and 30 November 1816), claim vouchers for executive expenditures occasioned by the burning of the Penitentiary House in August 1823, payroll, general and contingent accounts, muster and receipt roll for Capt. S. Cary's Company, Virginia Militia, on duty August to October 1823, Penitentiary Day Book (28 March 1817 to 28 January 1818), hiring of convicts from Penitentiary (4 May 1858-1 July 1863), and invoices of articles manufactured and job work done at the Penitentiary (15 January 1864 to 30 March 1865).

    • Box 5 Folder 1
      Various expenses of the penitentiary, 1800-1803.
    • Box 5 Folder 2
      Financial Statements of the Penitentiary, 1807-1818.
    • Box 5 Folder 3
      Statements of accounts and inventories of the penitentiary, 1812, 1816-1821.
    • Box 6 Folder 1
      Letters concerning articles manufactured at the penitentiary, 1807 and 1816.
    • Box 6 Folder 2
      Comparative view of prices of penitentiary articles and similar articles at Richmond stores, undated.
    • Box 6 Folder 3
      Letters regarding extra compensation received by the penitentiary keeper, 1807, 1814-1815.
    • Box 6 Folder 4
      Proposals to furnish rations to the penitentiary, 1807, 1818-1819.
    • Box 6 Folder 5
      Invoices and accounts of manufactured articles sent to Abraham and Silas H. Smith, penitentiary agents at Staunton, 1811-1814.
    • Box 6 Folder 6
      Reports and Statements of Penitentiary from 14 May 1812 to 30 November 1812 and 1 December 1812 to 30 November 1813.
    • Box 6 Folder 7
      Reports and Statements of Penitentiary from 1 December 1813 to 30 June 1816; Inventories of stock on hand at the Penitentiary, 30 November 1812 and 30 November 1816.
    • Box 6 Folder 8
      Vouchers related to Penitentiary Fire (See Also Oversize Box 1, Folders 3 and 4], 1823.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 3
      Payroll of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company, 12 August 1823 to 20 September 1823.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 4
      Payroll of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company, 21 September 1823 to 20 October 1823.
    • Box 6 Folder 9
      Muster Rolls, Receipt Rolls and Subsistence Account of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company (See Also Oversize Box 1, Folders 5, 6 and 7), September-October 1823 .
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 5
      Muster Roll of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company, 21 September 1823 to October 1823.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 6
      Receipt Roll of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company, 12 August 1823 to 20 September 1823.
    • Oversize Box 1 Folder 7
      Receipt Roll of Capt. Samuel Cary's Virginia Militia Company, 21 September 1823 to 20 October 1823.
    • Box 6 Folder 10
      Allowances to convicts discharged from penitentiary commencing June 1839 to September 1840 (volume).
    • Box 6 Folder 11
      Letter from J.G. Watson, Penitentiary Agent, to the Speaker and House of Delegates, 10 February 1841.
    • Box 6 Folder 12
      Accounts, undated.
    • Box 6 Folder 13
      Resolution of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary (re: Penitentiary Agent), 23 April 1844.
    • Box 6 Folder 14
      Hiring of Convicts from Penitentiary, 4 May 1858-1 July 1863.
    • Box 7
      Volume - Penitentiary Day Book, 28 March 1817 to 28 January 1818.
    • Box 8 Folder 1
      Invoices of articles manufactured and job work done at the Penitentiary, 15-21 January 1864 (15 January 1864 to 30 March 1865).
    • Box 8 Folder 2
      Invoices of articles manufactured and job work done at the Penitentiary, 22 January to 26 September 1864.
    • Box 8 Folder 3
      Invoices of articles manufactured and job work done at the Penitentiary, 26 September 1864 to 15 December 1864.
    • Box 8 Folder 4
      Invoices of articles manufactured and job work done at the Penitentiary, 16 December 1864 to 30 March 1865.
Series II. Prisoner Records, 1865-1990.
Boxes 9-384, 694-696.Volumes 1-127, 270.Microfilm Misc. Reels 5989-6004.
Extent: 79.22 cubic feet of records, 128 volumes and 16 reels of microfilm.

The Prisoner Records series is housed in 379 boxes and contains 128 volumes and 16 reels of microfilm. The series has been divided into five (5) subseries. Subseries have been designated for: A. Registers; B. Inmate Photographs; C. Penitentiary Commitment Orders; D. Inmate Index Cards; and E. Execution Files. Contains a variety of records pertaining to prisoners at the Virginia Penitentiary, such as prisoner registers, medical records, punishment records, prisoner photographs and negatives, commitment orders, prisoner index cards and execution files. These records provide personal information about prisoners and documentation of their incarceration. Researchers should first check this series, specifically the Prisoner Registers and Indexes, for basic information on prisoners (name, prisoner, number, age, race, crime, sentence, date of admission, date of discharge, escape, clemency, assignment outside Penitentiary). This information is crucial to access other parts of the collection. For example, the prisoner number is needed to locate records in Subseries B. Photographs and Negatives; the State Convict Road Force camp number (noted on the register) is needed to access many of the records in Series V. State Convict Road Force, especially the registers, rosters and discharge lists.

  • Boxes 9-18.Volumes 1-127.Microfilm Misc. Reels 5989-6004.
    Series II. Subseries A. Registers, 1865-1990.

    This subseries contains 127 volumes, ten (10) boxes and 16 reels of microfilm. The Register subseries is further divided into: A.I. Prisoner Registers, 1865-1980 and Index volumes, 1872-1942; A.II. Records of Convicts Received, 1880- 1904, 1912-1937; A.III. Medical Registers, 1902-1965, 1990; A.IV. Punishment Records, 1895-1946, 1953-1968; A.V. Registers and Records of Prisoners Pardoned or Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, 1892-1971; A.VI. Pardon Applications, 1901, 1903, 1905-1908 and 1911; and A.VII. Parole Applications, 1913-1914. The Medical Registers and Punishment Records contain privacy protected information and are closed for 75 years from the date the record was created.

    • Volumes 1-49.
      Series II.A.I. Prisoner Registers, 1865-1980.

      There are 49 volumes of Prisoner Registers and Indexes from 1865 to 1980. Not all numbered registers are extant. The registers are arranged by date the prisoner was admitted to the penitentiary and by inmate number. The Prisoner Registers are divided into three groups: A.I.1. numbered Prisoner Registers (No. 1-13, 15), A.1.2. unnumbered Prisoner Registers (5 volumes), and A.I.3. Prison Books (No. 1-10). These volumes have been microfilmed; see Misc. Reels 5989-6004. The Prisoner Registers only include felons ("stripemen"); "jailmen" convicted of misdemeanors and sentenced to a State Convict Road Camp are not included in these records. Researchers should consult Series V. State Convict Road Force for any extant "jailmen" records.

      • Volumes 1-34.
        II.A.I.1 Prisoner Registers and Indexes 1865-1942.

        Prisoner Register No. 1 includes all new prisoners admitted to the Virginia Penitentiary from 12 June 1865 to 19 January 1869. The register includes the prisoners' name, date received, where sentenced, crime, term, country, state, county, height, age, complexion, hair and eye color and remarks (discharged, death, pardoned, etc.). In addition, the register also includes the same information on prisoners admitted prior to 12 June 1865 who were still in the penitentiary. The register includes a partial internal index beginning with M surnames. Other information in this volume includes: a printed broadside "Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Prisoners in the Penitentiary" dated 16 April 1866; "A list of convicts in the Penitentiary of Virginia not employed in any of the shops or other work made on this day 14 April 1868 to be worked on the Covington and Healey Springs Turnpike by Joseph Shultz"; lists of prisoners contracted out to work on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, Covington and Ohio Railroad, James River and Kanawha Canal, Clover Hill mines in Chesterfield County and to cut wood on the farm of R.H. Anderson; and a list of military prisoners in Penitentiary on 22 March 1867. [Miscellaneous Reel 5989, frame 0001-0242]

        Prison Register No. 2 includes all new prisoners admitted from 19 January 1869 to 24 March 1870 with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from the previous register. The register contains the same information found in prisoner register one but is not indexed. Also included are lists of convicts hired out to C.R. Mason and Company for labor on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, W.C. Johnson for work on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, Mason and Hoge contractors for work on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and a list of convicts sent to Mason and Gooch. [Misc. Reel 5989, frame 0243-0326]

        Prisoner Register No. 3 includes all new prisoners admitted from 25 March 1870 to 26 September 1872 with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous registers. The register contains the same information found in registers one and two and has an internal index. [Misc. Reel 5989, frame 0327-end of reel]

        Prisoner Register No. 4 is divided into two volumes. Part one includes all new prisoners from 27 September 1872 to 16 March 1876. The register includes the name of the prisoner, date received, where sentenced, crime, term, country, state, county, height, age, color, hair and eye color and marks (scars, etc.) and remarks (discharged, death, pardoned, etc.) and contains an internal index. Part two, Prisoner Register Book No. 4 contains a list of convicts in the penitentiary brought forward from previous registers (1868-1870) and a list of convicts hired out from 1871 to 1876. Convicts were hired out to the Old Dominion Granite Company, S. H. Burnham for work on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, Mason and Hoge for work on the Valley Railroad, Mason, Gooch and Hoge contractors and Rubin Ragland contractors. [Part one, Misc. Reel 5990, frame 0001-0102, Part two, frame 0103-0241]

        Prisoner Register No. 5 includes all new prisoners admitted from 17 March 1876 to 30 December 1884 (beginning on page 54) with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous registers. The register includes the name of prisoner, when received, where sentenced, crime, term, nativity, state, city or county, height, age, color, hair and eye color, marks (scars, etc.), when discharged, and remarks (death, pardoned, etc.). A separate volume indexes this register (2 copies). Index contains name and page number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5990, frame 0242-0605; Index volume(s), copy one, Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0335-0402; copy two, frame 0403-0432]

        Prisoner Register No. 6 includes prisoners admitted from 5 January 1885 to 29 September 1894. A list of life term prisoners can be found on the last page of this volume. The register includes the name of prisoner, when received, where sentenced, crime, term, nativity, state, city or county, height, age, color, hair and eye color, marks (scars, etc.), when discharged, and remarks (death, pardoned, etc.). A separate volume indexes this register (2 copies). Index contains name and page number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5991, frame 0001-0321; Index volume(s), copy one, Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0433-0505; copy two, Miscellaneous Reel 6002, frame 0506-0572]

        Prisoner Register No. 7 includes prisoners admitted from 1 October 1894 to 27 September 1902. Beginning in ca. 1896, all prisoners were given a number; this volume contains inmate number 617 to 4508. The register includes the name of prisoner, color, date received, where sentenced, crime, term, nativity, state or providence, city or county, height, age, complexion, hair and eye color, marks, when discharged and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register (3 copies). Index contains name, race and page number.[Register, Misc. Reel 5991, frame 0322-0713; Index volume(s), copy one, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0001-0061; copy two, frame 0062-0107; copy three, frame 0108-0226]

        Prisoner Register No. 8 includes prisoners admitted from 28 September 1902 to 30 September 1908 (inmate number 4509 to 8140). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), height, age, complexion, hair and eye color, marks, term expired, days lost, discharged, location (penitentiary, state farm, or road camp) and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register (2 copies). Index contains name, race and page number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5992, frame 0001-0016 and 0040-0294; Index volume(s), copy one, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0108-0226; copy two, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0227-0287]

        Prisoner Register No. 9 includes prisoners admitted from 1 October 1908 to 4 November 1912 (inmate number 8141 to 11082). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expired, days lost, discharged, location and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5992, frame 0297-0546; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0288-0327]

        Prisoner Register No. 10 includes prisoners admitted from 4 November 1912 to 15 April 1916 (inmate number 11083 to 14033). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expired, days lost, discharged, location and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5993, frame 0001-0257; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0328-0363]

        Prisoner Register No. 11 includes prisoners admitted from 15 April 1916 to 8 June 1922 (inmate number 14034 to 18162). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expired, days lost, discharged, location and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5993, frame 0258-0637; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0364-0450]

        Prisoner Register No. 12 includes prisoners admitted from 8 June 1922 to 5 October 1926 (inmate number 18163 to 21585). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expires, jail time, discharged, location and remarks. Index volume is not extant. [Register, Misc. Reel 5994, frame 0001-0394]

        Prisoner Register No. 13 includes prisoners admitted from 5 October 1926 to 25 October 1929 (inmate number 21586 to 24809). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expires, jail time, discharged, location and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [Register, Misc. Reel 5994, frame 0395-0754; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0002-0057]

        Prisoner Register No. 14 covering the admission dates between 25 October 1929 and 15 December 1931 (inmate number 24810 to 27773) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 14 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers.. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 24810-25834, Misc. Reel 5995, frame 0587-0630 and unnumbered Register, inmate number 25835-27773, Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0002-0081; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0058-0111]

        Prisoner Register No. 15 includes prisoners admitted from 16 December 1931 to 4 October 1933 (inmate number 27774 to 31041). The register includes date received, name of prisoner, race, where sentenced, crime, term, birthplace (city or county and state), age, term expires, jail time, discharged, location and remarks. A separate volume indexes this register. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [Register, Misc. 5995, frame 0002-0352; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0112-0165]

        Prisoner Register No. 16 covering admission dates between 4 October 1933 to 5 July 1935 (inmate number 31042 to 34190) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 16 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 31042-34190, Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0218-0352; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0166-0220]

        Prisoner Register No. 17 covering admission dates between 5 July 1935 and 25 March 1937 (inmate number 34191 to 37360) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 17 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 34191-37360, Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0352-0475; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0221-0273]

        Prisoner Register No. 18 covering admission dates between 25 March 1937 and 16 November 1938 (inmate number 37361 to 40550) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 18 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 37361-40550, Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0475-0571; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0274-0327]

        Prisoner Register No. 19 covering admission dates between 16 November 1938 and 24 October 1940 (inmate number 40551 to 44038) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 19 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 40551-40653, Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0571-0573 and unnumbered Register, inmate number 40654-44038, Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0002-0092 ; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0328-0383]

        Prisoner Register No. 20 covering admission dates between 24 October 1940 and 15 December 1942 (inmate number 44039-47523) is not extant. However, the unnumbered Prisoner Registers in this subseries contain similar information on inmates for this time period. A separate index volume for Prisoner Register No. 20 is extant and can be used to access the unnumbered registers. Index contains name, race and prisoner number. [unnumbered Register, inmate number 44039-47523, Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0092-0171 ; Index volume, Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0384-0437]

        • Volume 1 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5989, frame 0001-0242
          Prisoner Register No. 1, 12 June 1865 to 19 January 1869 with a list of convicts admitted to Penitentiary prior to 12 June 1865 (partially indexed beginning with M surnames).
        • Volume 2 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5989, frame 0243-0326
          Prisoner Register No. 2, 19 January 1865 to 24 March 1870 with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous register (no index).
        • Volume 3 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5989, frame 0327-end of reel
          Prisoner Register No. 3, 25 March 1870 to 26 September 1872 with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous register (internal index).
        • Volume 4 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5990, frame 0001-0102
          Prisoner Register No. 4 (part one), 27 September 1872 to 16 March 1876 (internal index).
        • Volume 5 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5990, frame 0103-0241
          Prisoner Register Book No. 4 (part two), list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous registers (1868-1870) and list of convicts hired out, 1871-1876.
        • Volume 6 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5990, frame 0242-0605
          Prisoner Register No. 5, 17 March 1876 to 30 December 1884 with a list of convicts in penitentiary brought forward from previous registers.
        • Volume 7 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5991, frame 0001-0321
          Prisoner Register No. 6, 5 January 1885 to 29 September 1894.
        • Volume 8 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5991, frame 0322-0713
          Prisoner Register No. 7, 1 October 1894 to 27 September 1902 (Inmate 617 to 4508).
        • Volume 9 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5992, frame 0001-0016, 0040-0294
          Prisoner Register No. 8, 28 September 1902 to 30 September 1908 (Inmate 4509 to 8140).
        • Volume 10 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5992, frame 0297-0548
          Prisoner Register No. 9, 1 October 1908 to 4 November 1912 (Inmate 8141 to 11082).
        • Volume 11 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5993, frame 0001-0257
          Prisoner Register No. 10, 4 November 1912 to 15 April 1916 (Inmate 11083 to 14033).
        • Volume 12 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5993, frame 0258-0637
          Prisoner Register No. 11, 15 April 1916 to 8 June 1922 (Inmate 14034 to 18162).
        • Volume 13 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5994, frame 0001-0394
          Prisoner Register No. 12, 8 June 1922 to 5 October 1926 (Inmate 18163 to 21585).
        • Volume 14 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5994, frame 0395-0754
          Prisoner Register No. 13, 5 October 1926 to 18 October 1929 (Inmate 21586 to 24809).
        • Prisoner Register No. 14, 19 October 1929 to 15 December 1931 (Inmate 24810 to 27773)- NOT EXTANT
        • Volume 15 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5995, frame 0002-0352
          Prisoner Register No. 15, 16 December 1931 to 4 October 1933 (Inmate 27774 to 31041).
        • Prisoner Register No. 16, 4 October 1933 to 5 July 1935 (Inmate 31042 to 34190) - NOT EXTANT
        • Prisoner Register No. 17, 5 July 1935 and 25 March 1937 (inmate number 34191 to 37360) - NOT EXTANT
        • Prisoner Register No. 18, 25 March 1937 and 16 November 1938 (inmate number 37361 to 40550) - NOT EXTANT
        • Prisoner Register No. 19, 16 November 1938 and 24 October 1940 (inmate number 40551 to 44038) - NOT EXTANT
        • Prisoner Register No. 20, 24 October 1940 and 15 December 1942 (inmate number 44039-47523) - NOT EXTANT
        • Volume 16 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0335-0402
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 5.
        • Volume 17 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0403-0432]
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 5.
        • Volume 18 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0433-0505
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 6.
        • Volume 19 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0506-0572
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 6.
        • Volume 20 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0001-0061
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 7.
        • Volume 21 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0062-0107
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 7.
        • Volume 22 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0108-0226
          Index to Prisoner Registers No. 7 and No. 8.
        • Volume 23 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0227-0287
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 8.
        • Volume 24 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0288-0327
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 9.
        • Volume 25 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0328-0363
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 10.
        • Volume 26 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6003, frame 0364-0450
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 11.
        • Index to Prisoner Register No. 12 - NOT EXTANT
        • Volume 27 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0002-0057
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 13.
        • Volume 28 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0058-0111
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 14 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
        • Volume 29 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0112-0165
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 15.
        • Volume 30 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0166-0220
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 16 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
        • Volume 31 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0221-0273
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 17 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
        • Volume 32 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0274-0327
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 18 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
        • Volume 33 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0328-0383
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 19 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
        • Volume 34 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6004, frame 0384-0437
          Index to Prisoner Register No. 20 - REGISTER NOT EXTANT.
      • Volumes 35-39.
        II.A.I.2. Unnumbered Prisoner Registers, 1924-1945.

        There are five volumes of unnumbered Prisoner Registers for prisoners admitted between 3 January 1924 and 20 February 1945. While these volumes overlap with the numbered registers, they also fill in the gaps within the collection. Unlike the numbered registers, these do not include information on the age and birthplace of prisoner. The reason and purpose for these duplicate registers is unknown. The unnumbered volumes are not indexed. However, researchers should use the extant index volumes described in Subseries A.I.1. Prisoner Registers and Indexes to obtain the prisoner number to check these volumes.

        The first unnumbered Prisoner Register includes prisoners admitted from 3 January 1924 to 7 August 1930 (inmate number 19253 to 25834). The register includes name of prisoner, sentence, date received, date discharged, crime, where sentenced, race and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). [Misc. Reel 5995, frame 0356-0630]

        The second unnumbered Prisoner Register includes prisoners admitted from 7 August 1930 to 4 March 1935 (inmate number 25835 to 33561). The register includes name of prisoner, sentence, date received, date discharged, crime, where sentenced, race and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). [Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0001-0322]

        The third unnumbered Prisoner Register includes prisoners admitted from 5 March 1935 to 9 December 1938 (inmate number 33562 to 40653). The register includes name of prisoner, sentence, date received, date discharged, crime, where sentenced, race and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). [Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0323-0573]

        The fourth unnumbered Prisoner Register includes prisoners admitted from 9 December 1938 to 11 December 1942 (inmate number 40654 to 47513). The register includes name of prisoner, sentence, date received, date discharged, crime, where sentenced, race and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). [Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0001-0169]

        The fifth unnumbered Prisoner Register includes prisoners admitted from 15 December 1942 to 20 February 1945 (inmate numbers 47514 to 50271). The register includes name of prisoner, sentence, date received, date discharged, crime, where sentenced, race and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). In addition, this register indicates if the prisoner has been evaluated by a psychiatrist, dentist and physician. This volume does not contain any medical information. [Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0170-0234]

        • Volume 35 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5995, frame 0356-0630
          Prisoner Register [no number], 3 January 1924 to 7 August 1930 (Inmate 19253 to 25834).
        • Volume 36 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0001-0322
          Prisoner Register [no number], 7 August 1930 to 4 March 1935 (Inmate 25835 to 33561)
        • Volume 37 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5996, frame 0323-0573
          Prisoner Register [no number], 5 March 1935 to 9 December 1938 (Inmate 33562 to 40653).
        • Volume 38 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0001-0169
          Prisoner Register [no number], 9 December 1938 to 11 December 1942 (Inmate 40654 to 47513).
        • Volume 39 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0170-0234
          Prisoner Register [no number], 15 December 1942 to 20 February 1945 (Inmate 47514 to 50271)
      • Volumes 40-49.
        II.A.I.3. Prison Books, 1922-1980.

        At some point during the 1940s, the numbering system for the registers started over and the information in the first three "new" volumes overlapped with information found in the numbered and unnumbered Prisoner Registers. The new volumes are not indexed and the volumes are incomplete. However, researchers should use the extant index volumes to check these new volumes.

        Prison Book No. 1 was created sometime in the early 1940s and includes prisoners admitted from 1922 to 1933 (inmate number 15356 to 29995). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Most of the entries in this volume are blank. See the numbered and unnumbered Prisoner Registers for complete information on inmates admitted from 1924 to 1933. [Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0237-0613]

        Prison Book No. 2 was created sometime in the early 1940s and includes prisoners admitted from 20 March 1933 to 21 July 1938 (inmate number 29996 to 39995). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Most of the entries in this volume are blank. See the numbered and unnumbered Prisoner Registers for complete information on inmates admitted from 1933 to 1938. [Misc. Reel 5998, frame 0001-0252]

        Prison Book No. 3 includes prisoners admitted from 21 July 1938 to 3 December 1944 (inmate number 39996 to 49999). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. See the unnumbered Prisoner Registers for complete information on inmates admitted from 1938 to 1944. [Misc. Reel 5998, frame 0253-0514]

        Prison Book No. 4 includes prisoners admitted from 3 December 1944 to 15 February 1951 (inmate number 50000 to 59999). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 5999, frame 0001-0262]

        Prison Book No. 5 includes prisoners admitted from 8 March 1951 to 4 September 1956 (inmate number 60000 to 70035). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 5999, frame 0263-0528]

        Prison Book No. 6 includes prisoners admitted from 4 September 1956 to 20 July 1961 (inmate numbers 70036 to 80032). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 6000, frame 0001-0253]

        Prison Book No. 7 includes prisoners admitted from 20 July 1961 to 28 August 1967 (inmate numbers 80033 to 89999). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 6000, frame 0254-0509]

        Prison Book No. 8 includes prisoners admitted from 29 August 1967 to 24 October 1972 (inmate number 90000 to 99999). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 6001, frame 0001-0256]

        Prison Book No. 9 includes prisoners admitted from 24 October 1972 to 29 April 1976 (inmate number 100000 to 107999). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, jail time, sentence, date received, date released, charge, place of conviction, sent to, out date, returned date, discharged or pardoned and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 6001, frame 0257-0459]

        Prison Book No. 10 includes prisoners admitted from 29 April 1976 to 10 July 1980 (inmate number 108000 to 121189). The book includes number, name of prisoner, race, date of birth, date received, warrant number, previous number, place of conviction and remarks. Volume is not indexed. [Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0001-0332]

        • Volume 40 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5997, frame 0237-0613
          Prison Book No. 1, 1922 to 1933 (Inmate 15356 to 29995).
        • Volume 41 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5998, frame 0001-0252
          Prison Book No. 2, 11 March 1933 to 21 July 1938 (Inmate 29996 to 39995).
        • Volume 42 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5998, frame 0253-0514
          Prison Book No. 3, 21 July 1938 to 3 December 1944 (Inmate 39996 to 49999).
        • Volume 43 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5999, frame 0001-0262
          Prison Book No. 4, 3 December 1944 to 15 February 1951 (Inmate 50000 to 59999).
        • Volume 44 Microfilm Misc. Reel 5999, frame 0263-0528
          Prison Book No. 5, 8 March 1951 to 4 September 1956 (Inmate 60000 to 70035).
        • Volume 45 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6000, frame 0001-0253
          Prison Book No. 6, 4 September 1956 to 20 July 1961 (Inmate 70036 to 80032).
        • Volume 46 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6000, frame 0254-0509
          Prison Book No. 7, 20 July 1961 to 28 August 1967 (Inmate 80033 to 89999).
        • Volume 47 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6001, frame 0001-0256
          Prison Book No. 8, 29 August 1967 to 24 October 1972 (Inmate 90000 to 99999).
        • Volume 48 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6001, frame 0257-0459
          Prison Book No. 9, 24 October 1972 to 29 April 1976 (Inmate 100000 to 107999).
        • Volume 49 Microfilm Misc. Reel 6002, frame 0001-0332
          Prison Book No. 10, 29 April 1976 to 10 July 1980 (Inmate 108000 to 121189)
    • Volumes 50-78 and 270.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.II. Records of Convicts Received, 1880-1953.

      There are 30 volumes of Records of Convicts Received, from 1880 to 1953 and are further divided into A.II.1. Education, Moral and Social Conditions, 1880-1904; A.II.2. Prisoner Receipt Books, 1895-1899, 1901-1912, 1910-1915, 1932-1942; A.II.3. Classification Log Books, undated; A.II.4. Ledger of Inmates, ca. 1920 to 1953; and A.II.5. Prisoner Registers - Rough Drafts, 1912-1925, 1930-1943. The Index to Prisoner Register may serve as an index to most of these records.

      • Volumes 50.
        II.A.II.1. Education, Moral and Social Conditions, 1880-1904.

        The Education, Moral and Social Conditions of Convicts volume lists the convicts received by fiscal year between 1880 and 1904. Included are the name of prisoner, race, social relations (married or single), educational relations (read, write, illiterate), moral condition (intemperate, moderate drinker or temperate) and occupation.

        • Volume 50
          Record of Convicts Received during the Fiscal Year, 1880-1881 to 1903-1904 .
      • Volumes 51-59.
        II.A.II.2. Prisoner Receipt Books, 1895-1899, 1901-1912, 1910-1915 and 1932-1942.

        The Prisoner Receipt Books (9 volumes - 1895 to 1899, 1901 to 1912, 1910 to 1915 and 1932 to 1942 are arranged chronologically and by inmate number. Each volume lists the prisoner name, date received, race, where sentenced, crime, term and name of guard paid to transport prisoner to the penitentiary.

        • Volume 51
          1 July 1895 to 19 April 1899.
        • Volume 52
          October 1901 to December 1907.
        • Volume 53
          January 1908 to December 1912.
        • Volume 54
          1 January 1910 to 31 July 1915.
        • Volume 55
          12 October 1922 to 14 July 1928.
        • Volume 56
          1 March 1932 to 15 October 1934.
        • Volume 57
          16 October 1934 to 28 April 1937.
        • Volume 58
          29 April 1937 to 5 November 1939.
        • Volume 59
          8 November 1939 to 10 September 1942.
      • Volumes 60-68, 270.
        II.A.II.3. Classification Log Books, undated.

        The Classification Log Books (10 volumes) are arranged by inmate number. Each volume includes name, inmate number, race and assignment within the correctional system (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). Two volumes also include the date the inmate was received. These volumes are handwritten and several overlap.

        • Volume 60
          Inmate 27800 to 34247.
        • Volume 61
          Inmate 46600 to 54499.
        • Volume 62
          Inmate 54500 to 62699.
        • Volume 63
          Inmate 46600 to 55499.
        • Volume 64
          Inmate 55500 to 64340.
        • Volume 65
          Inmate 62700 to 70799.
        • Volume 66
          Inmate 62700 to 70799.
        • Volume 67
          Inmate 64000 to 67870 (21 February 1952 to 23 June 1953).
        • Volume 68
          Inmate 63500 to 67899 (17 May 1953 to 17 June 1956).
        • Volume 270
          Inmate 64000 to 67869.
      • Volumes 69.
        II.A.II.4. Ledger of Inmates, ca. 1920-1953.

        The Ledger of Inmates (1 volume - ca. 1920 to 1953) is arranged by date. The volume (in two parts) includes the name of prisoner, inmate number, race, term and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.).

        • Volume 69
          ca. 1920 to 1953 (one volume divided into two parts - 2 boxes).
      • Volumes 70-78.
        II.A.II.5. Prisoner Registers-Rough Drafts, 1912-1925 and 1930-1943.

        The Prisoner Registers - Rough Drafts (9 volumes - 1912-1925 and 1930-1943) are arranged by date and inmate number. The register only lists the date received, name of prisoner, race, age, place of conviction and occupation. It does not list date of discharge or any other information. Several of these volumes may be used in place of the non-extant Prison Registers.

        • Volume 70
          Prisoner Register, 6 August 1912 to 26 December 1916 (Inmate 10950 to 14519).
        • Volume 71
          Prisoner Register, 27 December 1916 to 9 January 1922 (Inmate 14520 to 17673).
        • Volume 72
          Prisoner Register, 9 January 1922 to 28 March 1925 (Inmate 17674 to 20280).
        • Volume 73
          Prisoner Register, 15 November 1930 to 31 October 1932 (Inmate 26186 to 29341).
        • Volume 74
          Prisoner Register, 2 November 1932 to 22 November 1934 (Inmate 29342 to 33030).
        • Volume 75
          Prisoner Register, 24 November 1934 to 30 June 1936 (Inmate 33031 to 35993).
        • Volume 76
          Prisoner Register, 1 July 1936 to 30 November 1937 (Inmate 35994 to 38599).
        • Volume 77
          Prisoner Register, 1 December 1937 to 8 March 1940 (Inmate 38600 to 42999).
        • Volume 78
          Prisoner Register, 9 March 1940 to 26 February 1943 (Inmate 43000 to 47833).
    • Volumes 79-107.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.III. Penitentiary Medical Registers, 1902-1965 and 1990.

      There are 29 volumes of Penitentiary Medical Registers from 1902 to 1965, 1990 and are further divided into: A.III.1. Hospital Admittance Registers, 1902-1949; A.III.2. Examination Records of Incoming Inmates, 1926-1959; A.III.3. Treatment Registers, 1910-1920, 1927-1941, 1951-1954; A.III.4. Records of Operations, 1940-1956; A.III.5. Records of Dental Examinations, 1940-1965; A.III.6. X-Ray Record Books, 1953-1962; A.III.7. Anthropomorphic Measurements, 1906 and A.III.8. Infirmary Log Book, 1990. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

      • Volumes 79-80.
        II.A.III.1. Hospital Admittance Registers, 1902-1949.

        The Hospital Admittance Registers (2 volumes - 1 October 1902 to 28 June 1933 and 1 July 1933 to 22 July 1949) are arranged chronologically by fiscal year (October to September until 1925 then July-June). These volumes include name of prisoner, number, date admitted, disease, discharge date and remarks. The back of the first volume includes a list of women inmates admitted to the hospital between 1907 and 1923. Very few entries from 1946 to 1949 list the disease. Volumes are not indexed. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 79
          1 October 1902 to 28 June 1933.
        • Volume 80
          1 July 1933 to 22 July 1949.
      • Volumes 81-88.
        II.A.III.2. Examination Records of Incoming Inmates, 1926-1959.

        The Examination Records of Incoming Inmates (8 volumes) are arranged chronologically and by inmate number. A 1922 Act of the Virginia General Assembly required all inmates admitted to the State Penitentiary to be examined for venereal disease. The volumes are not numbered. The contents are: 3 July 1926 to 10 March 1933 (inmate numbers 21425 to 29996); 10 March 1933 to 9 February 1937 (inmate numbers 29997 to 37095); 9 February 1937 to 18 February 1941 (inmate numbers 37096 to 44600); 18 February 1941 to 10 April 1946 (inmate numbers 44601 to 51799); 10 April 1946 to 12 May 1950 (inmate numbers 51800 to 58682); 13 May 1950 to 20 February 1954 (inmate numbers 58683 to 65211); 20 February 1954 to 21 March 1957 (inmate numbers 65212 to 71101); and 21 March 1957 to 19 September 1959 (inmate numbers 71102 to 76355). These volumes include inmate number, name, race, term, date received, crime, from, gonorrhea, Wasserman test result (diagnostic test for syphilis), surgeon's evaluation, psychiatrist's evaluation and assignment (penitentiary, state farm, road camp, etc.). The surgeon and psychiatric evaluations and gonorrhea testing ended in 1946. The Indexes to Prisoner Registers can serve as an index to these records. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 81
          3 July 1926 to 10 March 1933 (Inmate 21425 to 29996).
        • Volume 82
          10 March 1933 to 9 February 1937 (Inmate 29997 to 37095).
        • Volume 83
          9 February 1937 to 18 February 1941 (Inmate 37096 to 44600).
        • Volume 84
          18 February 1941 to 10 April 1946 (Inmate 44601 to 51799).
        • Volume 85
          10 April 1946 to 12 May 1950 (Inmate 51800 to 58682).
        • Volume 86
          13 May 1950 to 20 February 1954 (Inmate 58683 to 65211).
        • Volume 87
          20 February 1954 to 21 March 1957 (Inmate 65212 to 71101).
        • Volume 88
          21 March 1957 to 16 September 1959 (Inmate 71102 to 76355).
      • Volumes 89-92.
        II.A.III.3. Treatment Registers, 1910-1920, 1927-1941 and 1951-1954.

        The Treatment Registers (4 volumes, 26 August 1910 to 28 February 1920; 8 January 1927 to 28 April 1934; 5 January 1935 to 5 July 1941; and 8 May 1951 to 29 June 1954) are arranged chronologically and are essentially weekly hospital reports. The volumes are not numbered and there are significant gaps. These volumes include inmate number, race, name of prisoner, sex and diagnosis. Volumes are not indexed. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 89
          26 August 1910 to 28 February 1920.
        • Volume 90
          8 January 1927 to 24 April 1934.
        • Volume 91
          5 January 1935 to 5 July 1941.
        • Volume 92
          8 May 1951 to 29 June 1954.
      • Volumes 93-95.
        II.A.III.4. Records of Operations, 1940-1956.

        The Records of Operations (3 volumes, 10 July 1940 to 12 August 1946; 27 July 1946 to 7 January 1952; and 16 January 1952 to 19 June 1956) are arranged chronologically. These volumes include inmate number, operation date, name of patient, age, sex, color, room, diagnosis, operator, operation, assistant, operation nurse, anesthetist, in-out dates, complications and result. Volumes are not indexed. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 93
          10 July 1940 to 12 August 1946.
        • Volume 94
          27 July 1946 to 7 January 1952.
        • Volume 95
          16 January 1952 to 19 June 1956.
      • Volumes 96-103.
        II.A.III.5. Records of Dental Examinations, 1942-1949, 1954-1965.

        The Records of Dental Examinations (8 volumes, 9 December 1940 to 22 August 1942; 24 August 1942 to 18 August 1945; 20 August 1945 to 31 December 1949; 1 July 1954 to 28 February 1957; 1 March 1957 to 31 October 1958; 3 November 1958 to 10 March 1961; 13 March 1961 to 30 September 1963; and 1 October 1963 to 31 December 1965) are arranged chronologically with a five year gap between 1949 and 1954. The volumes list the inmate number, name of prisoner, date and treatment received. Volumes are not indexed. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 96
          9 December 1940 to 22 August 1942.
        • Volume 97
          24 August 1942 to 18 August 1945.
        • Volume 98
          20 August 1945 to 31 December 1949.
        • Volume 99
          1 July 1954 to 28 February 1957.
        • Volume 100
          1 March 1957 to 31 October 1958.
        • Volume 101
          3 November 1958 to 10 March 1961.
        • Volume 102
          13 March 1961 to 30 September 1963.
        • Volume 103
          1 October 1963 to 31 December 1965.
      • Volumes 104-105.
        II.A.III.6. X-Ray Record Books, 1953-1962.

        The X-Ray Record Books (2 volumes, 6 June 1953 to 16 January 1958; and 6 January 1958 to 16 November 1962) are arranged chronologically. The volumes include date, inmate number, name of prisoner and area x-rayed. Volumes are not indexed. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 104
          6 June 1953 to 16 January 1958.
        • Volume 105
          6 January 1958 to 16 November 1962.
      • Volume 106.
        II.A.III.7. Anthropomorphic Measurements, ca. 1906.

        The Anthropomorphic Measurements volume (ca. 1906) is arranged by inmate number. The volume includes inmate number, name of prisoner, and measurements for head length, head width, middle finger, foot, forearm, height, little finger and a column for remarks. The Indexes to Prisoner Registers can serve as an index to this volume.

        • Volume 106
          ca. 1906.
      • Volume 107.
        II.A.III.8. Infirmary Log Book, 1990.

        The Infirmary Ward Log Book is arranged by date (27 August 1990 to 12 December 1990) and contains staff notations on prisoners in isolation. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 125 years from the date the record was created.

        • Volume 107
          Isolation Ward, 27 August 1990 to 12 December 1990.
    • Boxes 9-17.Volumes 108-113.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.IV. Punishment Records, 1896-1946 and 1953-1968.

      There are 6 volumes and 9 boxes of Punishment Records from 1895 to 1946 and 1953 to 1968. The records are further divided into: A.IV.1. Punishment Registers and Indexes, 1896-1931 and 1940-1946; A.IV.2. Punishment Reports, 1909, 1912-1923; A.IV.3. Prisoner's Assigned to "C" Cell Segregation, 1953-1966; and A.IV.4. Report of Good Time Taken and Returned, 1967-1968. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 75 years from the date the record was created.

      • Volumes 108-113.
        II.A.IV.1. Punishment Registers and Indexes, 1896-1931 and 1940-1946.

        There are 6 volumes of Punishment Registers and Indexes from 1896 to 1931 and 1940 to 1946. An 1896 Act of the Virginia General Assembly required the Superintendent to keep a separate punishment register. These volumes list the types of infractions and punishment administered to prisoners for violating prison rules. Types of offense include: not working/poor work, insubordination, use of foul language, sodomy/homosexual activity, fighting, attacking other prisoners and/or guards, possession of weapons and stealing. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 75 years from the date the record was created.

        The Record of Punishment from 1896 to 1905 is arranged by date and is further divided within each year by area of prison where offense occurred (Finishing Room, Ward, Farm, etc.) The register includes date, name of prisoner, inmate number, offense, punishment, name of person reporting offense and name of person administering punishment. A separate volume indexes this record.

        The Punishment Register covering 1 October 1905 to 8 January 1931 is arranged by date of punishment and includes name of prisoner, inmate number, offense, date of offense, punishment, name of person ordering punishment, name of person administering punishment and signature of officer present. This volume includes the Penitentiary, State Farm, State Lime Plant and Convict Road Crew.

        There are two Punishment Registers covering 1907 to 1917. Each is arranged by inmate number and includes name of prisoner, date of offense, type of offense and number of stripes. The 1940-1946 register is arranged by date and includes: location (penitentiary, state farm, or road camp), inmate number, name of prisoner, number of stripes, signature of officer administering punishment, signature of officer reporting punishment, detailed description of offense and description of medical condition before and after administration of punishment.

        • Volume 108
          1896-1905.
        • Volume 109
          Index to Punishment Book, 1896-1905.
        • Volume 110
          1 October 1905 to 8 January 1931.
        • Volume 111
          1907-1917 (part one).
        • Volume 112
          1907-1917 (part two).
        • Volume 113
          1940-1946.
      • Boxes 9-15.
        II.A.IV.2. Punishment Reports, 1909 and 1912-1923.

        In addition to the five Punishment Registers there are 7 boxes of Punishment Reports from 1909 and October 1912 to March 1923. These reports are arranged by month and by location (Penitentiary, State Farm, State Lime Plant and State Convict Road Force camps). They include name of prisoner, prisoner number, offence, date committed, how and when punished and the names of who ordered and administered the punishment. A few monthly reports contain correspondence to and from prison guards and the Superintendent which further describes prisoners' infractions.

        • Box 9 Folder 1
          March 1909.
        • Box 9 Folder 2
          October 1912.
        • Box 9 Folder 3
          November 1912.
        • Box 9 Folder 4
          December 1912.
        • Box 9 Folder 5
          January 1913.
        • Box 10 Folder 1
          February 1913.
        • Box 10 Folder 2
          March 1913.
        • Box 10 Folder 3
          April 1913.
        • Box 10 Folder 4
          May 1913.
        • Box 10 Folder 5
          June 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 1
          July 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 2
          August 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 3
          September 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 4
          October 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 5
          November 1913.
        • Box 11 Folder 6
          December 1913.
        • Box 12 Folder 1
          January 1914.
        • Box 12 Folder 2
          February 1914.
        • Box 12 Folder 3
          March 1914.
        • Box 12 Folder 4
          April 1914.
        • Box 12 Folder 5
          May 1914.
        • Box 12 Folder 6
          June 1914.
        • Box 13 Folder 1
          November 1914.
        • Box 13 Folder 2
          December 1914.
        • Box 13 Folder 3
          January 1915.
        • Box 13 Folder 4
          February 1915.
        • Box 13 Folder 5
          March 1915.
        • Box 13 Folder 6
          April 1915.
        • Box 13 Folder 7
          May 1915.
        • Box 13 Folder 8
          June 1915.
        • Box 14 Folder 1
          July 1915 to December 1915.
        • Box 14 Folder 2
          January 1916 to June 1916.
        • Box 14 Folder 3
          July 1916 to March 1917.
        • Box 14 Folder 4
          April 1917 to October 1917.
        • Box 14 Folder 5
          November 1917 to August 1918.
        • Box 14 Folder 6
          September 1918 to January 1920.
        • Box 15 Folder 1
          February 1920 to May 1921.
        • Box 15 Folder 2
          June 1921 to December 1921.
        • Box 15 Folder 3
          January 1922 to August 1922.
        • Box 15 Folder 4
          October 1922 to March 1923 and undated.
      • Boxes 16-17.
        II.A.IV.3. Prisoner's Assigned to "C" Cell Segregation, 1953-1966.

        There are 2 boxes of Prisoner's Assigned to "C" Cell Segregation from 1953 to 1966. These records are arranged in reverse chronological order. "C" Cell Segregation referred to placing prisoners in the Segregation Section of the Maximum Security Building. They consist of memorandums to file of prisoner noting if prisoner should be released to the general prisoner population. Some memos include a description of why prisoner was transferred to "C" Cell. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 75 years from the date the record was created.

        • Box 16 Folder 1
          1953-1966 (part one).
        • Box 16 Folder 2
          1953-1966 (part two).
        • Box 16 Folder 3
          1953-1966 (part three).
        • Box 16 Folder 4
          1953-1966 (part four).
        • Box 16 Folder 5
          1953-1966 (part five).
        • Box 17 Folder 1
          1953-1966 (part six).
        • Box 17 Folder 2
          1953-1966 (part seven).
      • Box 17.
        II.A.IV.4. Report of Good Time Taken and Returned, 1967-1968.

        There is one folder of Report of Good Time Taken and Returned for 1967 to 1968. These records are arranged in reverse chronological order. They consist of correspondence from the Penitentiary Superintendent to Director, Bureau of Records, Virginia Penal System, authorizing the Director to take a prisoner's good time. Correspondence lists name and number of prisoner and reason for losing good time. These records are privacy protected and are closed for 75 years from the date the record was created.

        • Box 17 Folder 3
          1967-1968.
    • Box 18.Volumes 114-126.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.V. Registers of Prisoners Pardoned or Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, 1892-1971.

      There are 13 volumes and three folders of Registers and Records of Prisoners Pardoned or Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped from 1892 to 1971. There are two volumes of Monthly Report of the Penitentiary (February 1892 to November 1912; and November 1912 to November 1924). Each volume lists the number of prisoners in the penitentiary (white men, colored men, white women and colored women), number on public works, the number discharged, pardoned, died and escaped, occupation of prisoners and number of contract laborers. This volume does not list prisoners by name. The two volumes of Daily Record of Prisoners list the number of prisoner in the Penitentiary and on the State Farm between November 1902 and January 1911 and February 1911 to July 1936). This volume does not list prisoners by name. The Register of Prisoners sent to State Farm, 1897-1918, lists the name of prisoner, inmate number and whether they died or were paroled. There are four unnumbered volumes (October 1902 to September 1921; October 1921 to July 1929; July 1937 to November 1953; and December 1953 to April 1971) of Registers of Prisoners Pardoned or Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped. These records are arranged chronologically and include the name of prisoner, race, inmate number and note whether the inmate was pardoned or paroled, discharged, died or escaped. The volume also notes subsequent action taken with regards to the inmate and location of the inmate if taken back into the prison system. A Day Book (January 1933 to December 1940), arranged by month, lists each prisoner's name and number who is scheduled to be released that month. The Death Register, 1926 to 1951, is arranged by fiscal year (July to June) and includes the following information: name of prisoner, inmate number, race, age, time of death, date of death, cause of death, time in prison and where the inmate died. Also include at the back of this volume is a list of children born in the penitentiary for fiscal years 1926-1927, 1928-1929, 1930-1931 and 1931-1932. The list includes the name of child, date of birth, place of birth, race, sex, name of mother, inmate number and admission date to penitentiary of mother. There are two additional volumes of Daily Record of Prisoners (1 April 1906 to 11 September 1926 and 6 July 1940 to 26 November 1941) that differ from the early volumes. Each of these volumes lists the name and number of prisoner and disposition (pardoned, discharged, transferred to road camp, etc.). None of these volumes are indexed. There are three folders of Monthly Discharge and Parole Lists from 1953 to 1961. These records are arranged chronologically and lists the name and number of prisoner, race, date of release and location (prison, state farm, road camp, etc.). There are two folders of Pardon Applications (1901, 1903, 1905-1908 and 1911) arranged alphabetically and containing prisoner record, pardon application and supporting letters and petitions. There are two folders of Parole Applications (1913-1914) arranged alphabetically and containing prisoner record, application for parole and supporting documents offering parolee employment.

      • Volume 114
        Monthly Report of Prisoners Received and Discharged, Pardoned, Died and Escaped, February 1892 to November 1912.
      • Volume 115
        Monthly Report of Prisoners Received and Discharged, Pardoned, Died and Escaped, November 1912 to November 1924.
      • Volume 116
        Daily Record of Prisoners, November 1902 to January 1911.
      • Volume 117
        Daily Record of Prisoners, February 1911 to July 1936.
      • Volume 118
        Register of Prisoners sent to State Farm, 1897-1918.
      • Volume 119
        Register of Prisoners Pardoned, Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, October 1902 to September 1921.
      • Volume 120
        Register of Prisoners Pardoned, Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, October 1921 to July 1929.
      • Volume 121
        Day Book, January 1933 to December 1940.
      • Volume 122
        Register of Prisoners Pardoned, Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, July 1937 to November 1953.
      • Volume 123
        Register of Prisoners Pardoned, Paroled, Discharged, Died or Escaped, December 1953 to April 1971.
      • Volume 124
        Death Register, 1926-1951.
      • Volume 125
        Daily Record of Prisoners, 1 April 1906 to 11 September 1926.
      • Volume 126
        Daily Record of Prisoners, 6 July 1940 to 26 November 1941.
      • Box 18 Folder 1
        Monthly Discharge and Parole Lists, 1953-1956.
      • Box 18 Folder 2
        Monthly Discharge and Parole Lists, 1957-1959.
      • Box 18 Folder 3
        Monthly Discharge and Parole Lists, 1960-1961.
    • Box 18.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.VI. Pardon Applications, 1901, 1903, 1905-1908, 1911.

      There are two folders of pardon applications. Files are arranged alphabetically and consist of prisoner record, pardon application and supporting letters and petitions.

      • Box 18 Folder 4
        Clem Bacon, 3233, August 1906.
      • Box 18 Folder 4
        Samuel Braxton, 5303, 8 February 1905.
      • Box 18 Folder 4
        Granville Burchett, 6231, 10 May 1906.
      • Box 18 Folder 4
        Roland Campbell, 5622, July 1906.
      • Box 18 Folder 4
        E.T. Jeff Cole, undated.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Wallace Compton, 6967, January 1908.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Herman Getz, 9516, May 1911.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Francis Gray, 4618, 8 April 1908.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        John Harland, March 1901.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Earnest and Thomas Johnson, 6832 and 6833, October 1907.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        William Jones, 1631, 11 July 1906.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Samuel Miller, November 1911.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Yank Miller, 6543, 15 April 1908.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Henry Nicholson, 4873, January 1905.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        John Smith, 4262, 11 July 1903.
      • Box 18 Folder 5
        Joseph Upshur, July 1909.
    • Box 18.
      Series II. Subseries A. Registers, A.VII. Parole Applications, 1913-1914.

      There are two folders of parole application. Files are arranged alphabetically and consist of prisoner record, application for parole and supporting documents offering parolee employment. An 1898 Act of the General Assembly (amended several times) granted the Virginia Penitentiary Board of Directors power to parole prisoners if they met certain conditions. To be eligible the inmate must have served half his term, have not broken any prison rules for the two years preceding the date of one-half his term and the prisoner must have assurance of employment upon his discharge. The Virginia Attorney General issued an opinion in 1915 stating that any legislation limiting the power of the governor to grant clemency was unconstitutional.

      • Box 18 Folder 6
        W.M. Barton, 11296, 7 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Patrick Bolling, 9567, 29 January 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Bennie Brown, 9080, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        William Cardwell, 10268, 2 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Andrew Carey, 9072, 19 May 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Emory Carter, 11350, 17 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Robert E. Cassady, 11404, 21 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        James Chamblin, 5860, 21 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        James Daniels, 9668, 23 June 1913.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        James Davenport, 9963, 24 November 1913.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        James Henry Davis, 9209, 30 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Fred Dye, 7861, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Wash Fields, 4169, 17 January 1913.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Willie Gordon, 11369, 17 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 6
        Nick Graves, 9595, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Charlie Haskins, 7572, 20 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Richard Holmes, 7370, 17 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Henry Holt, 10867, July 1913.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        John Jackson, 10663, 17 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Charles Johnston, 10590, 14 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Mallie Jones, 10990, 4 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        W.K. Jones, 10847, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Floyd Lindsey, 11166, 19 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Stephen Love, 6760, 30 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Troy Marshall, 10656, 4 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Peter Monroe, 11476, 12 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        James Pierson, 10924, 23 February 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Delaware Pleasants, 8333, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        John Rigney, 11653, 7 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Woody Simpson, 9520, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        John Smith, 7175, 24 December 1913.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        George Stevens, 11466, 9 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Sterling Tabb, 9568, 21 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Augustus Taylor, 5264, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Ernest Turtty, 10298, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Henry Venable, 11456, 7 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        John Walker, 6632, 27 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Junius Walker, 8446, 13 March 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        John Williams, 5671, 4 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Charles Wilson, 5282, 7 April 1914.
      • Box 18 Folder 7
        Robert Wood, 9181, 14 January 1914.
  • Boxes 19-349, 694-696.Volume 127.
    Series II. Subseries B. Photographs and Negatives, 1906-1961, 1965-1966.

    This subseries is housed in 334 boxes and contains 1 volume. The Photographs subseries is further divided into: B.I. Inmate Photographs, 1906-1914, 1934-1940 and 1965-1966; B.II. Photographs of Escaped Inmates, 1908, 1910, 1912-1935; and B.III. Inmate Negatives, 1906-1914, 1934-1961. Additional photographs of inmates may be located within the Execution Files subseries and the Superintendent's Correspondence series. The photographs and negatives are arranged by inmate number. The Prisoner Registers and Indexes can serve as an index to this collection. Please note that not all prisoner photographs and negatives are extant. The Virginia Penitentiary began photographing new and existing inmates around 1906. There is a twenty year gap in the collection (1914 to 1934). This series contains approximately 50,000 inmate negatives; however, at this time, there are photographs for only approximately 12,000 inmates.

    • Boxes 19-40, 694-695.Volume 127.
      Series II.B.I. Inmate Photographs, ca 1906-1914, 1934-1940 and 1965-1966.

      There are 24 boxes and 1 volume of Inmate Photographs from ca.1906-1914, 1934 to 1940 and 1965 to 1966. These photographs are arranged by inmate number. The photographs for inmate numbers 144 through 7045 (1906-1907) and the first sixty inmates executed (1908-1914) were made from glass plate negatives by Library of Virginia staff members in 2004 and 2005. The photographs for inmate numbers 31980 through 39149 were made from acetate negatives by Library of Virginia staff members sometime during the 1980s. The photographs for inmate numbers 12100 through 12199 were made from nitrate negatives by Northeast Document Conservation Center in June 2005. The photographs for inmate numbers 39150 through 42899 were made from acetate negatives by Northeast Document Conservation Center between 2005 and 2007. A single volume contains photographs for inmate numbers 86875 through 88378 covering admissions between 1 July 1965 and 30 June 1966.

      • Box 19
        Photographs of Executed Prisoners, 1 - 60; and Inmates, 144 - 5307.
      • Box 20
        5308-6430.
      • Box 21
        6431-7046.
      • Box 22
        31980-32659.
      • Box 23
        32660-33289.
      • Box 24
        33290-33899.
      • Box 25
        33900-34509.
      • Box 26
        34510-35149.
      • Box 27
        35150-35799.
      • Box 28
        35800-36429.
      • Box 29
        36430-37059.
      • Box 30
        37060-37699 [37566, 37611-37624, 37632 missing].
      • Box 31
        37700-38349 [37875 missing].
      • Box 32
        38350-38999 [38998 missing].
      • Box 33
        39000-39149.
      • Box 34
        12100-12199; 39150-39799.
      • Box 35
        39800-40499.
      • Box 36
        40500-41190.
      • Box 37
        41191-41699.
      • Box 38
        41700-42450 [42272-42273 missing].
      • Box 39
        42451-42899 [42757, 42828 missing].
      • Box 40
        39285 (2), 39303 (2), 39421 (2), 39462 (2), 39775 (2), 39809 (2), 39946 (2), 39968 (2), 39979 (2), 40030 (2-3), 40143, 41978 (2), 42006 (2-3), 42039 (2-3), 42251 (2-3), 42374 (2), 42450 (2), 42519 (2), 42632 (2), 42717 (2) OVERSIZE.
      • Box 694
        Original prints filed with negatives.
      • Box 695
        Original prints filed with negatives.
      • Volume 127
        86875 - 88378, 1 July 1965 to 30 June 1966.
    • Boxes 41-45.
      Series II.B.II. Photographs of Escaped Inmates, 1908, 1910 and 1912-1935.

      There are 5 boxes of Photographs of Escaped Inmates from 1908, 1910, and 1912 to 1935. These photographs are arranged by inmate number and in most cases there are multiple copies. Most of these inmates were admitted to the Virginia Penitentiary between 1912 and 1933 and many of these photographs are not included within the Inmate Photographs subseries. The front of each 3.5" x 5.5" card contains the prisoners mug shot. The back of the card lists the name of prisoner, inmate number, date and location of escape (Penitentiary, State Farm, or State Convict Road Force camp), date received at Penitentiary, name of county, crime, term, age, height, weight, hair, eye and skin color, names and addresses of relatives and reward amount.

      • Box 41
        760-12956.
      • Box 42
        13020-17597.
      • Box 43
        17600-21983.
      • Box 44
        22017-27502.
      • Box 45
        27503-34093.
    • Boxes 46-349, 696.
      Series II.B.III. Inmate Negatives, 1906-1914 and 1934-1961.

      There are 305 boxes of Inmate Negatives from 1906 to 1914 and 1934 to 1961 and are further divided into: B.III.1. Glass Plate Negatives; B.III.2. Duplicate Negatives; B.III.3. Interpositives; and B.IV.4. Original Acetate Negatives. The negatives are arranged by inmate number within each division.

      • Boxes 46-184, 696.
        II.B.III.1. Glass Plate Negatives, 1906-1914.

        There are 140 boxes of Glass Plate Negatives from ca. 1906 to 1914.

        • Box 46
          144-1763.
        • Box 47
          1860-2824.
        • Box 48
          2825-3338.
        • Box 49
          3340-3723.
        • Box 50
          3754-4079.
        • Box 51
          4080-4333.
        • Box 52
          4334-4544.
        • Box 53
          4553-4687.
        • Box 54
          4689-4825.
        • Box 55
          4826-4996.
        • Box 56
          4997-5136.
        • Box 57
          5145-5272.
        • Box 58
          5273-5381.
        • Box 59
          5382-5495.
        • Box 60
          5505-5619.
        • Box 61
          5620-5699.
        • Box 62
          5700-5777.
        • Box 63
          5779-5853.
        • Box 64
          5854-5932.
        • Box 65
          5933-6012.
        • Box 66
          6016-6110.
        • Box 67
          6111-6191.
        • Box 68
          6192-6254.
        • Box 69
          6255-6314.
        • Box 70
          6315-6371.
        • Box 71
          6373-6430.
        • Box 72
          6431-6481.
        • Box 73
          6482-6532.
        • Box 74
          6534-6586.
        • Box 75
          6588-6637.
        • Box 76
          6638-6691.
        • Box 77
          6692-6747.
        • Box 78
          6748-6798.
        • Box 79
          6799-6846.
        • Box 80
          6847-6895.
        • Box 81
          6896-6945.
        • Box 82
          6946-6995.
        • Box 83
          6996-7049.
        • Box 84
          7050-7103.
        • Box 85
          7104-7155.
        • Box 86
          7156-7211.
        • Box 87
          7212-7259.
        • Box 88
          7260-7318.
        • Box 89
          7319-7371.
        • Box 90
          7372-7424.
        • Box 91
          7425-7479.
        • Box 92
          7480-7532.
        • Box 93
          7533-7585.
        • Box 94
          7586-7640.
        • Box 95
          7641-7686.
        • Box 96
          7687-7738.
        • Box 97
          7739-7791.
        • Box 98
          7792-7841.
        • Box 99
          7842-7897.
        • Box 100
          7898-7946.
        • Box 101
          7947-8002.
        • Box 102
          7947-8002.
        • Box 103
          8054-8105.
        • Box 104
          8106-8157.
        • Box 105
          8158-8206.
        • Box 106
          8207-8256.
        • Box 107
          8257-8307.
        • Box 108
          8308-8357.
        • Box 109
          8358-8409.
        • Box 110
          8410-8459.
        • Box 111
          8460-8510.
        • Box 112
          8511-8558.
        • Box 113
          8559-8609.
        • Box 114
          8610-8660.
        • Box 115
          8661-8710.
        • Box 116
          8711-8760.
        • Box 117
          8761-8810.
        • Box 118
          8811-8863.
        • Box 119
          8864-8910.
        • Box 120
          8911-8960.
        • Box 121
          8961-9010.
        • Box 122
          9011-9060.
        • Box 123
          9061-9110.
        • Box 124
          9111-9160.
        • Box 125
          9161-9213.
        • Box 126
          9214-9267.
        • Box 127
          9268-9319.
        • Box 128
          9320-9372.
        • Box 129
          9373-9423.
        • Box 130
          9424-9473.
        • Box 131
          9474-9525.
        • Box 132
          9526-9576.
        • Box 133
          9577-9627.
        • Box 134
          9628-9679.
        • Box 135
          9680-9731.
        • Box 136
          9732-9782.
        • Box 137
          9783-9833.
        • Box 138
          9834-9882.
        • Box 139
          9883-9932.
        • Box 140
          9933-9982.
        • Box 141
          9983-10032.
        • Box 142
          10033-10082.
        • Box 143
          10083-10132.
        • Box 144
          10133-10182.
        • Box 145
          10183-10232.
        • Box 146
          10233-10282.
        • Box 147
          10283-10332.
        • Box 148
          10333-10382.
        • Box 149
          10383-10428.
        • Box 150
          10429-10478.
        • Box 151
          10479-10529.
        • Box 152
          10530-10579.
        • Box 153
          10580-10629.
        • Box 154
          10630-10679.
        • Box 155
          10680-10729.
        • Box 156
          10730-10781.
        • Box 157
          10782-10831.
        • Box 158
          10832-10881.
        • Box 159
          10882-10931.
        • Box 160
          10932-10981.
        • Box 161
          10982-11031.
        • Box 162
          11032-11081.
        • Box 163
          11082-11131.
        • Box 164
          11132-11181.
        • Box 165
          11182-11231.
        • Box 166
          11232-11281.
        • Box 167
          11282-11331.
        • Box 168
          11332-11381.
        • Box 169
          11382-11431.
        • Box 170
          11432-11481.
        • Box 171
          11482-11531.
        • Box 172
          11532-11581.
        • Box 173
          11582-11631.
        • Box 174
          11632-11681.
        • Box 175
          11682-11731.
        • Box 176
          11732-11782.
        • Box 177
          11783-11832.
        • Box 178
          11833-11882.
        • Box 179
          11883-11932.
        • Box 180
          11933-11982.
        • Box 181
          11983-12032.
        • Box 182
          12033-12082.
        • Box 183
          12083-12099; Executions, 1-33.
        • Box 184
          Executions, 34-60; Unidentified Executions.
        • Box 696
          Broken and Damaged.
      • Boxes 185-195.
        II.B.III.2. Duplicate Negatives made by Northeast Document Conservation Center,

        In June 2005, the Library of Virginia contracted with Northeast Document Conservation Center to have duplicate negatives and interpositives created from the deteriorating original nitrate and acetate negatives. The Duplicate negatives are housed in 11 boxes and were made for inmate number 12100 to 12199 and 39150 to 39459.

        • Box 185
          12100-12199; 39150-39459.
        • Box 186
          39460-39859.
        • Box 187
          39860-40239.
        • Box 188
          40240-40605.
        • Box 189
          40606-40979.
        • Box 190
          40980-41349.
        • Box 191
          41350-41699.
        • Box 192
          41700-42080.
        • Box 193
          42081-42499.
        • Box 194
          42500-42899.
        • Box 195
          39285 (2), 39303 (2), 39421 (2), 39462 (2), 39775 (2), 39809 (2), 39946 (2), 39968 (2), 39979 (2), 40030 (2, 3), 40143 (2, 3), 40245 (2), 40552 (2), 40795; 41017 (2); 41019; 41070; 41212; 41315; 41363; 41410; 41572; 41978 (2), 42006 (2, 3), 42039 (2, 3), 42251 (2, 3), 42374 (2), 42450 (2), 42519 (2), 42632 (2), 42717 (2) OVERSIZE
      • Boxes 196-206.
        II.B.III.3. Interpositives made by Northeast Document Conservation Center,

        In June 2005, the Library of Virginia contracted with Northeast Document Conservation Center to have duplicate negatives and interpositives created from the deteriorating original nitrate and acetate negatives. Interpositives are housed in 11 boxes and were made for inmate number 12100 to 12199 and 39150 to 39459.

        • Box 196
          12100-12199; 39150-39459.
        • Box 197
          39460-39859.
        • Box 198
          39860-40239.
        • Box 199
          40240-40605.
        • Box 200
          40606-40979.
        • Box 201
          40980-41349.
        • Box 202
          41350-41699.
        • Box 203
          41700-42080.
        • Box 204
          42081-42499.
        • Box 205
          42500-42899.
        • Box 206
          39285 (2), 39303 (2), 39421 (2), 39462 (2), 39775 (2), 39809 (2), 39946 (2), 39968 (2), 39979 (2), 40030 (2, 3), 40143 (2, 3), 40245 (2), 40552 (2), 40552 (2), 40795; 41017 (2); 41019; 41070; 41212; 41315; 41363; 41410; 41572; 41978 (2), 42006 (2, 3), 42039 (2, 3), 42251 (2, 3), 42374 (2), 42450 (2), 42519 (2), 42632 (2), 42717 (2) OVERSIZE.
      • Boxes 207-217.
        II.B.III.4a. Original Negatives - Not Duplicated (Prints made),

        This group of original acetate negatives has seriously deteriorated (vinegar smell); it was impossible to make duplicate negatives. However, the Library of Virginia did make prints from these negatives (32930-37120) in the 1980s. The negatives are housed in 11 boxes and are stored separately from the other negatives.

        • Box 207
          32930-33409 [no negatives for 32980 - 33279, 33330 - 33379].
        • Box 208
          33410-33729 [no negatives for 33430 - 33589, 33640 - 33689].
        • Box 209
          33730-33839.
        • Box 210
          33840-33959.
        • Box 211
          33960-34119 [no negatives for 34040-34089].
        • Box 212
          34120-34439 [no negatives for 34140-34339] .
        • Box 213
          34590-34889 [no negatives for 34440-34589, 34640-34849].
        • Box 214
          34890-35099 [no negatives for 35100-35149].
        • Box 215
          35150-35199; 36400-36579 [no negatives for 35200-36399].
        • Box 216
          36580-37059.
        • Box 217
          37060-37120.
      • Boxes 218-231.
        II.B.III.4b. Original Negatives - Duplicated (Prints made),

        This group of original acetate negatives (39150-39459) had slight deterioration but duplicate negatives and interpositives were created by Northeast Document Conservation Center between 2005 and 2007. The negatives are housed in 14 boxes. This group also includes 100 nitrate negatives (12100-12199).

        • Box 218
          12100-12199; 39150-39199.
        • Box 219
          39200-39499.
        • Box 220
          39500-39835.
        • Box 221
          39836-40028.
        • Box 222
          40029-40217.
        • Box 223
          40218-40410.
        • Box 224
          40411-40605.
        • Box 225
          40606-40729.
        • Box 226
          40730-41079.
        • Box 227
          41080-41429.
        • Box 228
          41430-41699.
        • Box 229
          41700-42099.
        • Box 230
          42100-42499.
        • Box 231
          42500-42899
      • Boxes 232-349.
        II.B.III.4c. Original Negatives (Safety Film) - Not Duplicated (No Prints made),

        The final and largest group of original acetate negatives (safety film) is stable but no duplicate negatives or prints have been made. The negatives are housed in 118 boxes and range from inmate number 42900-79449, 79648, 79701, and 80960-80968. Researchers should note that beginning in the early 1950s negatives for female inmates are not included.

        • Box 232
          42900-42979.
        • Box 233
          42980-43329 [42981 missing].
        • Box 234
          43330-43679.
        • Box 235
          43680-44029 [43695, 43820, 43821, 43857 missing].
        • Box 236
          44030-44379.
        • Box 237
          44380-44729 [44427, 44452 missing].
        • Box 238
          44730-45079.
        • Box 239
          45080-45429 [45323 missing].
        • Box 240
          45430-45779 [45570 missing].
        • Box 241
          45780-46129.
        • Box 242
          46130-46479 [46360 - 46369 missing].
        • Box 243
          46480-46829 [46602, 46630, 46631, 46632, 46714, 46715, 46716, 46722, 46723 missing].
        • Box 244
          46830-47179.
        • Box 245
          47180-47529.
        • Box 246
          47530-47879 [47849, 47850 missing].
        • Box 247
          47880-48229 [48050, 48057, 48058, 48060 missing].
        • Box 248
          48230-48579 [48382 missing].
        • Box 249
          48580-48929.
        • Box 250
          48930-49229 [49053 missing].
        • Box 251
          49230-49559.
        • Box 252
          49560-49879.
        • Box 253
          49880-50199.
        • Box 254
          50200-50499.
        • Box 255
          50500-50799.
        • Box 256
          50800-51099.
        • Box 257
          51100-51399.
        • Box 258
          51400-51699.
        • Box 259
          51700-51999.
        • Box 260
          52000-52299.
        • Box 261
          52300-52599.
        • Box 262
          52600-52899.
        • Box 263
          52900-53199.
        • Box 264
          53200-53499.
        • Box 265
          53500-53799.
        • Box 266
          53800-54099 [53839, John Bailey, Died in Hospital, no picture].
        • Box 267
          54100-54399.
        • Box 268
          54400-54699.
        • Box 269
          54700-54999.
        • Box 270
          55000-55299.
        • Box 271
          55300-55599.
        • Box 272
          55600-55899.
        • Box 273
          55900-56199.
        • Box 274
          56200-56499.
        • Box 275
          56500-56799.
        • Box 276
          56800-57099.
        • Box 277
          57100-57399.
        • Box 278
          57400-57699.
        • Box 279
          57700-57999 [57768, Sam Brooks, No Negative, Died in Hospital, 2-15-1950]; [57872, 57937, 57938, 57957 missing].
        • Box 280
          58000-58299 [58065, 58128, 58151, 58265 missing].
        • Box 281
          58300-58649 [58361, 58362 missing].
        • Box 282
          58650-58999 [58651, 58682 missing].
        • Box 283
          59000-59349 [59291, 59295, 59315 missing].
        • Box 284
          59350-59699 [59446, 59447, 59448, 59463, 59499, 59500, 59501, 59502, 59537, 59538, 59587, 59588, 59589, 59599, 59600, 59639, 59693 missing].
        • Box 285
          59700-60049 [59712, 59713, 59734, 59735, 59736, 59830, 59871, 59872, 59897, 59931, 59932, 59933, 59934, 59942, 59963, 59969, 59970,60000, 60001, 60002 missing].
        • Box 286
          60050-60399 [60091, 60107, 60108, 60117, 60121, 60158, 60159, 60160, 60170, 60206, 60226, 60269, 60281, 60316, 60316 missing].
        • Box 287
          60400-60749 [60563, 60564, 60565, 60596, 60703, 60704, 60708, 60709, 60710, 60711, 60723 missing].
        • Box 288
          60750-61099 [60754, 60761, 60860, 60888, 60923, 60934, 60944, 61000, 61001, 61002, 61003, 61017, 61024, 61027, 61054 missing].
        • Box 289
          61100-61449 [61112, 61113, 61177, 61189, 61190, 61199, 61247, 61339, 61345, 61346, 61348, 61380, 61398 missing].
        • Box 290
          61450-61799 [61499, 61500, 61508, 61541, 61560, 51564, 61570, 61592, 61593, 61595, 61598, 61599, 61740, 61741, 61742, missing].
        • Box 291
          61800-62149 [61827, 61840, 61944, 61956, 61957, 61969, 61970, 61994, 62011, 62022, 62023, 62046, 62114, 62115, 62118 missing].
        • Box 292
          62150-62529 [62171, 62172, 62192, 62193, 62194, 62195, 62304, 62305, 62306, 62326, 62327, 62334, 62335, 62406, 62443, 62492, $62493, 62494, 62495 missing].
        • Box 293
          62530-62909 [62571, 62628, 62656, 62672, 62689, 62690, 62691, 62693, 62737, 62738, 62785, 62796, 62797, 62801, 62810, 62816, 62817, 62845, 62862, 62874 missing].
        • Box 294
          62910-63279 [62983, 62992, 62998, 62999, 63000, 63001, 63030, 63031, 63032, 63033, 63149, 63179, 63218 missing].
        • Box 295
          63280-63549 [63283, 63284, 63285, 63286, 63292, 63293, 63294, 63295, 63311, 63312, 63313, 63314, 63325, 63375, 63428, 63429, 63430, 63431, 63432, 63433, 63441, 63498, 63510, 63511, 63512, 63523, 63524 missing].
        • Box 296
          63550-63819 [63604, 63605, 63642, 63643, 63644, 63645, 63691, 63703, 63704, 63705, 63735, 63736, 63769, 63770, 63771 missing].
        • Box 297
          63820-64079 [63869, 63870, 63875, 63876, 63891, 63905, 63910, 63911, 63929, 63930, 63984, 63987, 63988, 63989, 64003, 64035, 64036, 64037, 64073, 64074, 64075 missing].
        • Box 298
          64080-64339 [64095, 64112, 64113, 64114, 64115, 64116, 64194, 64195, 64209, 64216, 64240, 64293, 64331, 64332 missing].
        • Box 299
          64340-64599 [64365, 64406, 64448, 64468, 64483, 64493, 64514, 64549, 64572, 64578, 64581 missing].
        • Box 300
          64600-64839 [64657, 64685, 64694, 64695, 64696, 64697, 64751, 64808 missing].
        • Box 301
          64840-65099 [64872, 64973, 64986, 64987, 65002, 65052, 65090 missing].
        • Box 302
          65100-65369 [65140, 65153, 65204, 65250, 65251, 65252, 65270, 65271, 65273, 65274, 65279, 65285, 65342, 65343 missing].
        • Box 303
          65370-65669 [65395, 65396, 65397, 65418, 65419, 65437, 65438, 65563, 65579, 65587, 65610, 65611, 65612, 65627, 65628, 65629, 65643, missing].
        • Box 304
          65670-65969 [65720, 65721, 65722, 65723, 65760, 65783, 65790, 65827, 65828, 65916, 65917, 65918, 65919, 65920, 65942, 65945, 65959 missing].
        • Box 305
          65970-66269 [65984, 65985, 66090, 66096, 66115, 66123, 66144, 66145, 66152, 66183, 66263 missing].
        • Box 306
          66270-66568 [66291, 66292, 66293, 66302, 66303, 66304, 66339, 66340, 66352, 66361, 66362, 66403, 66419, 66421, 66423, 66424, 66448, 66458, 66459, 66569 missing].
        • Box 307
          66572-66869 [66570, 66571, 66573, 66574, 66575, 66577, 66578, 66590, 66608, 66617, 66618, 66701, 66704, 66743, 66744, 66805, 66843, 66844 missing].
        • Box 308
          66870-67169 [66887, 66888, 66917, 66918, 66975, 66976, 66995, 66996, 67043, 67071, 67072, 67145, 67159, 67160 missing].
        • Box 309
          67170-67469 [67245, 67270, 67271, 67309, 67310, 67311, 67352, 67415, 67420, 67455 missing].
        • Box 310
          67470-67769 [67480, 67481, 67486, 67487, 67505, 67584, 67585, 67586, 67600, 67617, 67652, 67653, 67654, 67656, 67676, 67724, 67728, 67758, 67768 missing].
        • Box 311
          67770-68049 [67773, 67845, 67846, 67847, 67848, 67849, 67850, 67897, 67911, 67970, 67971, 67972, 68030, 68044 missing].
        • Box 312
          68050-68349 [68180, 68181, 68186, 68244, 68261, 68311 missing].
        • Box 313
          68350-68649 [68384, 68385, 68390, 68442, 68497, 68498, 68547, 68548, 68593, 68627, 68628, 68640, 68646 missing].
        • Box 314
          68650-68949 [68665, 68754, 68807, 68910, 68918, 68937, 68938 missing].
        • Box 315
          68950-69249 [68953, 69042, 69088, 69112, 69113, 69128, 69179, 69184, 69185, 69192 missing].
        • Box 316
          69250-69549 [69319, 69322, 69323, 69337, 69352, 69364, 69424, 69468, 69469, 69474, 69547 missing].
        • Box 317
          69550-69848 [69621, 69622, 69623, 69694, 69697, 69700, 69717, 69727, 69732, 69808, 69849 missing].
        • Box 318
          69850-70149 [69966, 69967, 69968, 69981, 69982, 69983, 69984, 70050, 70051, 70052, 70062, 70063, 70069, 70076, 70077, 70113, 70115, 70142 missing].
        • Box 319
          70150-70449 [70199, 70200, 70282, 70283, 70284, 70287, 70305, 70311, 70347, 70383, 70384, 70443, 70444 missing].
        • Box 320
          70450-70749 [70451, 70492, 70524, 70538, 70539, 70573, 70574, 70618, 70639, 70644, 70665, 70666, 70713, 70714, 70748 missing].
        • Box 321
          70750-71049 [70798, 70804, 70836, 70884, 70885, 70900, 70923, 70933, 70935, 70961, 70965, 71006 missing].
        • Box 322
          71050-71349 [71078, 71079, 71080, 71081, 71109, 71141, 71196, 71197, 71198, 71253, 71324 missing].
        • Box 323
          71350-71649 [71357, 71358, 71359, 71373, 71442, 71443, 71444, 71481, 71517, 71518, 71556, 71557, 71558, 71563, 71564, 71591, 71592 missing].
        • Box 324
          71650-71949 [71664, 71665, 71694, 71695, 71787, 71788, 71854, 71866, 71883, 71884, 71885, 71886 missing].
        • Box 325
          71950-72249 [71978, 71979, 71982, 72072, 72129, 72158, 72195, 72225, 72242, 72243 missing].
        • Box 326
          72250-72549 [72257, 72260, 72277, 72283, 72284, 72333, 72334, 72424, 72425, 72462, 72524 missing].
        • Box 327
          72550-72849 [72606, 72641, 72642, 72643, 72646, 72647, 72671, 72750, 72807, 72808 missing].
        • Box 328
          72850-73149 [72931, 72965, 72979, 73048, 73061, 73081, 73097, 73125 missing].
        • Box 329
          73150-73449 [73161, 73253, 73260, 73326, 73371, 73376, 73405, 73406, 73434 missing].
        • Box 330
          73450-73749 [73456, 73468, 73517, 73676, 73691 missing].
        • Box 331
          73750-74049 [73765, 73766, 73819, 73856, 73857, 73960, 73994, 73995, 73996, 73997, 74007, 74008 missing].
        • Box 332
          74050-74349 [74062, 74063, 74071, 74116, 74117, 74136, 74142, 74192, 74212, 74213, 74230, 74245, 74270, 74272, 74273, 74338, 74339 missing].
        • Box 333
          74350-74649 [74377, 74378, 74420, 74468, 74469, 74470, 74590, 74591, 74592, 74593, 74594, 74641, 74647 missing].
        • Box 334
          74650-74949 [74688, 74697, 74698, 74752, 74793, 74794, 74806,, 74842, 74872, 74873 missing].
        • Box 335
          74950-75249 [74952, 75109, 75135, 75136, 75179, 75180, 75184, 75185 missing].
        • Box 336
          75250-75549 [75258, 75279, 75327, 75374, 75406, 75495, 75496, 75506, 75507, 75508, 75509, 75539 missing].
        • Box 337
          75550-75849 [75565, 75571, 75577, 75621, 75722, 75723, 75724, 75805, 75806, 75818 missing].
        • Box 338
          75850-76149 [75869, 75896, 75936, 75949, 75985, 75986, 76067 missing].
        • Box 339
          76150-76446 [76196, 76199, 76250, 76269, 76359, 76360, 76447, 76448, 76449 missing].
        • Box 340
          76452-76749 [76450, 76451, 76468. 76469, 76495, 76516, 76531, 76574, 76588, 76637, 76647, 76648, 76709 missing].
        • Box 341
          76754-77049 [76750, 76751, 76752, 76753, 76928, 76929, 76930, 76971, 76994 missing].
        • Box 342
          77050-77349 [77080, 77122, 77123, 77124, 77134, 77135, 77136, 77163, 77177, 77178, 77179, 77197, 77224, 77250, 77251, 77252, 77332 missing].
        • Box 343
          77350-77649 [77359, 77360, 77400, 77410, 77474, 77516, 77553, 77576, 77626, 77627 missing].
        • Box 344
          77650-77949 [77684, 77685, 77686, 77850, 77851, 77918, 77919, 77920, 77932, 77933 missing].
        • Box 345
          77950-78249 [77995, 77996, 77997, 78111, 78127, 78136, 78198 missing].
        • Box 346
          78250-78549 [78271, 78272, 78273, 78286, 78287, 78288, 78289, 78427, 78463, 78464 missing].
        • Box 347
          78551-78848 [78550, 78615, 78616, 78620, 78621, 78622, 78651, 78674, 78675, 78679, 78756, 78804, 78805, 78806, 78817, 78843, 78844, 78845, 78849, 78850 missing].
        • Box 348
          78851-79149 [78850, 78917, 78941, 78977, 78978, 79034 missing].
        • Box 349
          79150-79449, 79648, 79701, 80960-80968 [79160, 79177, 79188, 79215, 79272, 79306, 79307, 79405, 79406 missing].
  • Boxes 350-365.
    Series II. Subseries C. Penitentiary Commitment Orders, 1865-1896.

    This subseries is housed in 16 boxes and is arranged alphabetically by prisoner name. These records consist of commitment papers for the years 1865-1896. Not all commitment papers for this time period are extant. This subseries only represents a small fraction of the total number of prisoners committed and released from the penitentiary during this time period. The commitment papers include the name and race of prisoner, court, locality, date of indictment and trial (including the names of the grand jury and jury), crime, date of conviction and sentence. Some documents include notations by penitentiary staff that list date received at penitentiary, prisoner register book and page numbers and date discharged. A small number include pardon documents issued by the Governor. One record of note is a commitment order dated 4 September 1865 for Samuel Van Winkle, Co. G, 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry, who was court-martialed and sentenced to six months in the penitentiary for desertion.

    • Box 350 Folder 1
      Adair, Jefferson - Anderson, William.
    • Box 350 Folder 2
      Armistead, Laura - Ayres, Wesley.
    • Box 350 Folder 3
      Bacon, Albert - Banks, George.
    • Box 350 Folder 4
      Banks, Rebecca - Baylor, Henry.
    • Box 350 Folder 5
      Beal, Boas - Bishop, Nelson.
    • Box 351 Folder 1
      Bissell, Joe - Booth, Jenny.
    • Box 351 Folder 2
      Bosman, E. - Braxton, Carter.
    • Box 351 Folder 3
      Braxton, Charles - Brooks, William.
    • Box 351 Folder 4
      Brown, Albert - Brown, John Thomas.
    • Box 351 Folder 5
      Brown, Joshua - Burnes, Daniel.
    • Box 351 Folder 6
      Burrel, Thomas - Byrd, Jr., William.
    • Box 352 Folder 1
      Caldwell, Berry - Canady, Andrew.
    • Box 352 Folder 2
      Carney, Massie - Carter, John.
    • Box 352 Folder 3
      Carter, Mary - Chapman, Charles.
    • Box 352 Folder 4
      Chapman, Herbert - Church, John W.
    • Box 352 Folder 5
      Church, William - Clarke, Edward W.
    • Box 352 Folder 6
      Clarke, James - Coble, C.C.
    • Box 353 Folder 1
      Colbert, M. - Coleman, Richard.
    • Box 353 Folder 2
      Coleman, Robert - Conner, Joseph.
    • Box 353 Folder 3
      Cook, Allen - Corum, Enoch.
    • Box 353 Folder 4
      Cousin, Henry - Crawford, William.
    • Box 353 Folder 5
      Creekmore, John - Curtis, William.
    • Box 353 Folder 6
      Dabney, John F. - Davis, Edward.
    • Box 354 Folder 1
      Davis, Elijah - Dickinson, Levi.
    • Box 354 Folder 2
      Dickinson, Robert Henry - Dorcas, Charles R.
    • Box 354 Folder 3
      Dorsey, George - Edwards, John.
    • Box 354 Folder 4
      Edwards, Thomas - Ewell, Wesley;
    • Box 354 Folder 5
      Felon, Herbert - Forbes, William H.
    • Box 354 Folder 6
      Ford, Edward - Furr, David.
    • Box 355 Folder 1
      Gaines, Thomas - Giles, Wesley.
    • Box 355 Folder 2
      Gill, William - Goodman, Thomas A.
    • Box 355 Folder 3
      Gordon, Barbara - Grymes, E. Buford.
    • Box 355 Folder 4
      Hackley, William - Harmon, George.
    • Box 355 Folder 5
      Harris, Eddie - Harris, William H.
    • Box 355 Folder 6
      Harrison, John - Henderson, John.
    • Box 356 Folder 1
      Henderson, Richard - Hilton, Aron.
    • Box 356 Folder 2
      Hines, Anderson - Horace, McHenry.
    • Box 356 Folder 3
      Howard, Samuel - Hyde, Lacy.
    • Box 356 Folder 4
      I'Anson, Henry - Jackson, Charles.
    • Box 356 Folder 5
      Jackson, Duke - James, Pug.
    • Box 356 Folder 6
      James, Reuben - Jennings, Marshall.
    • Box 357 Folder 1
      Jennings, Polly - Johnson, Frank.
    • Box 357 Folder 2
      Johnson, George - Johnson, Lafayette.
    • Box 357 Folder 3
      Johnson, Mary - Johnson, William H.
    • Box 357 Folder 4
      Johnson, William L. - Jones, James.
    • Box 357 Folder 5
      Jones, Jim - Jones, Ned.
    • Box 357 Folder 6
      Jones, Nelson - Jordan, Thomas.
    • Box 358 Folder 1
      Joyner, Amos - Kelley, William.
    • Box 358 Folder 2
      Kennedy, James - Kinney, Aaron.
    • Box 358 Folder 3
      Kinney, Jackson - Law, John Henry.
    • Box 358 Folder 4
      Layne, William - Lewis, Betty.
    • Box 358 Folder 5
      Lewis, Caroline - Lewis, Warren.
    • Box 358 Folder 6
      Lewis, William - Littleton, Oscar.
    • Box 359 Folder 1
      Littrell, James - Lucas, George.
    • Box 359 Folder 2
      Luck, Samuel - Martin, Harvey.
    • Box 359 Folder 3
      Martin, Ned - McCrickard, Charles T.
    • Box 359 Folder 4
      McDonald, Charles - Miles, Robert.
    • Box 359 Folder 5
      Miller, George - Mitchell, D.H.
    • Box 359 Folder 6
      Mitchell, Lonzo - Morris, Ben.
    • Box 360 Folder 1
      Morris, Charles - Myers, Peter.
    • Box 360 Folder 2
      Nappier, Thomas - Newman, John.
    • Box 360 Folder 3
      Newsom, Jerry B. - O'Brien, Hannah.
    • Box 360 Folder 4
      Oby, Harvey - Owens, George.
    • Box 360 Folder 5
      Page, Abraham - Peterson, Lewis.
    • Box 360 Folder 6
      Peterson, Pendleton - Pollard, Burr.
    • Box 361 Folder 1
      Porter, Amos - Preston, Lizzie E.
    • Box 361 Folder 2
      Price, Dock - Ratliff, J.H.
    • Box 361 Folder 3
      Read, Jane - Richeson, William.
    • Box 361 Folder 4
      Riddick, Luther - Robinson, Elvira.
    • Box 361 Folder 5
      Robinson, J.E. - Rowles, Ward.
    • Box 361 Folder 6
      Rowlet, Robert - Scott, Alexander.
    • Box 362 Folder 1
      Scott, David - Scott, Step.
    • Box 362 Folder 2
      Scott, Washington - Smallwood, Stonewall J.
    • Box 362 Folder 3
      Smith, Alexander - Smith, William.
    • Box 362 Folder 4
      Sneed, Melviria - Stokes, Robert.
    • Box 362 Folder 5
      Street, Robert - Taylor, Sandy.
    • Box 362 Folder 6
      Taylor, Trab - Thompson, James M.
    • Box 363 Folder 1
      Thompson, John - Turner, Thomas.
    • Box 363 Folder 2
      Vainwright, Walter - Waddill, J.E.
    • Box 363 Folder 3
      Waddy, Henry - Waller, Richard.
    • Box 363 Folder 4
      Waller, Sam - Washington, General.
    • Box 363 Folder 5
      Washington, George - Washington, Richard.
    • Box 363 Folder 6
      Washington, Samuel - West, Charles.
    • Box 364 Folder 1
      West, Nancy - White, Joseph D.
    • Box 364 Folder 2
      White, Mark - Whittington, John.
    • Box 364 Folder 3
      Wiggins, Albert - Williams, Dennis.
    • Box 364 Folder 4
      Williams, Henry - Williams, Roberts.
    • Box 364 Folder 5
      Williams, Samuel - Wilson, Jim.
    • Box 364 Folder 6
      Wilson, John - Winslow, Abraham.
    • Box 365 Folder 1
      Winston, William - Woodhouse, Henry.
    • Box 365 Folder 2
      Woods, Isaac - Wright, John W.
    • Box 365 Folder 3
      Wright, Lewis - Young, N.H.
  • Boxes 366-371.
    Series II. Subseries D. Inmate Index Cards for Felons, 1914, 1919, 1921-1949.

    This subseries is housed in six (6) boxes and is arranged alphabetically by prisoner name. These records consist of index cards containing prisoner information for the years 1914, 1919 and 1921 to 1949. Not all index cards for this time period are extant. This subseries only represents a small fraction of the total number of prisoners committed to the penitentiary during this time period. Each index card includes the prisoner name, prisoner number, alias, race, fingerprint classification, crime, term, date and place received, date term expires, jail time, criminal history, measurements (hat, shoe, collar, coat, and pants), previous address, names and addresses of immediate family (spouse, parents and siblings) and person to notify in case of an emergency.

    • Box 366
      Boggs, Cowan - Dykes, Ralph
    • Box 367
      Eacho, Jr., Clarence A. - Jones, Everett
    • Box 368
      Jones, F.P. - Myers, Joseph E.
    • Box 369
      Nachimson, Mortimer - Russell, Woodrow
    • Box 370
      St. Clair, Charles - Williams, Junius
    • Box 371
      Williams, K.W. - Zygmont, Leonard
  • Boxes 372-384.
    Series II. Subseries E. Execution Files, 1908-1970.

    This series is housed in thirteen boxes and is arranged numerically by file number. In 1908 the Virginia General Assembly passed legislation stating that all executions would occur at the Penitentiary by means of electrocution. Between October 1908 and March 1962, Virginia executed 236 people. In 1972 the United States Supreme Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional on grounds that the death penalty was administered too arbitrarily (Furman v. Georgia). The same court in 1976 ruled that Georgia's new law for capital cases removed the administration issues raised in the Furman decision. Virginia resumed executions in 1982. These records document Virginia's executions between 1908 and 1962. These records include correspondence, court orders and records, lists of witnesses, newspaper clippings, photographs and negatives, prisoner records (including personal data), respites and telegrams. Also included is one box of records (b384) containing files for prisoners not executed (stay of execution, sentenced reversed on appeal). Photographs for the first 60 prisoners executed are located in Series II. Prisoner Records, Subseries B. Photographs and Negatives (b19). Additional execution files from the 1980s and 1990s can be found in Series IV. Office of the Superintendent, Subseries B. Correspondence, Raymond Muncy (b479 and b480).

    • Box 372 Folder 1
      No. 1 - Henry Smith, 13 October 1908.
    • Box 372 Folder 2
      No. 2 - Winston Green, 30 October 1908.
    • Box 372 Folder 3
      No. 3 - Frank Davenport, 4 January 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 4
      No. 4 - Charles Gillespie, 18 February 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 5
      No. 5 - Benjamin Gilbert, 19 March 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 6
      No. 6 - Arthelius Christian, 22 March 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 7
      No. 7 - James Smith, 8 April 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 8
      No. 8 - Berry Seaborne, 16 April 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 9
      No. 9 - John Brown, 30 April 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 10
      No. 10 - William Brown, 30 April 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 11
      No. 11 - Joe Taylor, 5 May 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 11
      No. 12 - Isham Taylor, 5 May 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 11
      No. 13 - Lewis Jenkins, 7 May 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 12
      No. 14 - John Fleming, 30 July 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 13
      No. 15 - William H. Wise, 27 August 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 14
      No. 16 - Howard H. Bragg, 24 September 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 15
      No. 17 - Jack Traynham, 12 November 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 16
      No. 18 - Harry Robinson, 9 December 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 17
      No. 19 - Clifton Breckinridge, 17 December 1909.
    • Box 372 Folder 18
      No. 20 - Thurman Spinner, 14 January 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 19
      No. 21 - W.P. Parker, 25 January 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 20
      No. 22 - William Goins, 28 January 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 21
      No. 23 - Howard Little, 11 February 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 22
      No. 24 - Willie Blake, 11 February 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 23
      No. 25 - Elijah Rouse, 25 April 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 24
      No. 26 - Henry Smith, 3 June 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 25
      No. 27 - Thomas Noel, 10 June 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 26
      No. 28 - Angelo S. Hamilton, 1 July 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 27
      No. 29 - Arch Brown, 22 September 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 28
      No. 30 - Pink Barbour, 23 September 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 29
      No. 31 - John Eccles, 11 November 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 30
      No. 32 - Waverly Coles, 25 November 19.
    • Box 372 Folder 31
      No. 33 - J.J. Smyth, 16 December 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 32
      No. 34 - Harry Sitlington, 16 December 1910.
    • Box 372 Folder 33
      No. 35 - Richard H. Biggs, 7 January 1911.
    • Box 372 Folder 34
      No. 36 - Alex Holloman, 2 June 1911.
    • Box 372 Folder 35
      No. 37 - Henry Clay Beattie, 24 November 1911.
    • Box 372 Folder 36
      No. 38 - John Williamson 15 March 1912.
    • Box 372 Folder 37
      No. 39 - John Ferby, 14 June 1912.
    • Box 372 Folder 38
      No. 40 - William Price, 14 June 1912.
    • Box 373 Folder 1
      No. 41 - Clarence Nixon, 21 June 1912.
    • Box 373 Folder 2
      No. 42 - Byrd Jackson, 21 June 1912.
    • Box 373 Folder 3
      No. 43 - Virginia Christian, 16 August 1912.
    • Box 373 Folder 4
      No. 44 - Herbert Peyton, 8 November 1912.
    • Box 373 Folder 5
      No. 45 - Richard T. Quarles, 3 January 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 6
      No. 46 - Roy M. Sullivan, 28 February 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 7
      No. 47 - Floyd Allen, 28 March 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 8
      No. 48 - Claude Allen, 28 March 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 9
      No. 49 - James Goode, 2 May 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 10
      No. 50 - Alfred Wright, 16 May 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 11
      No. 51 - F.L. Hargrove, 26 June 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 12
      No. 52 - Nelson V. Carter, 27 June 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 13
      No. 53 - Owen Goggin, 27 June 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 14
      No. 54 - Benjamin Baily, 8 August 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 15
      No. 55 - William Glinn, 16 August 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 16
      No. 56 - Minnie Collins, 31 October 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 17
      No. 57 - Newell Walker, 5 December 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 18
      No. 58 - Lee Archer, 5 December 1913.
    • Box 373 Folder 19
      No. 59 - Charlton Moore, 16 January 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 20
      No. 60 - Willie Rhodes, 30 January 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 21
      No. 61 - Marion Lee, 19 March 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 22
      No. 62 - Walter Boyd, 27 March 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 23
      No. 63 - George Woods, 22 May 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 24
      No. 64 - Will Calloway, 10 July 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 25
      No. 65 - Willie Puryear, 7 August 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 26
      No. 66 - Henry Coach, 21 August 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 27
      No. 67 - John Edmunds, 18 December 1914.
    • Box 373 Folder 28
      No. 68 - Arthur Neale, 8 January 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 29
      No. 69 - Charles Miller, 26 March 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 30
      No. 70 - Herbert Caple, 30 April 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 31
      No. 71 - Skipwith Sydner, 21 May 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 32
      No. 72 - Thomas Cole, 4 June 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 33
      No. 73 - Lem Jones, 16 June 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 34
      No. 74 - Luther Canter, 11 June 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 35
      No. 75 - John Lewis Rollins, 20 August 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 36
      No. 76 - George Matthews, 20 August 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 37
      No. 77 - Ed Pryor, 10 September 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 38
      No. 78 - Sherman Stanfield, 17 September 1915.
    • Box 373 Folder 39
      No. 79 - Percy Ellis, 15 March 1916.
    • Box 373 Folder 40
      No. 80 - Joe Lee, 21 April 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 1
      No. 81 - John Henry William, 28 May 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 2
      No. 82 - Milton Maloy, 7 July 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 3
      No. 83 - Richard Green, 25 August 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 4
      No. 84 - Clifford Mickens, 25 August 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 5
      No. 85 - Henry Lewis, 8 September .
    • Box 374 Folder 6
      No. 86 - Minser Harris, 2 October 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 7
      No. 87 - James Corbett, 2 October 1916.
    • Box 374 Folder 8
      No. 88 - Hansom Warren, 16 June 1917.
    • Box 374 Folder 9
      No. 89 - Hamilton Cosby, 20 June 1917.
    • Box 374 Folder 10
      No. 90 - Robert Jones, 20 June 1917.
    • Box 374 Folder 11
      No. 91 - Albert Barrett, 31 August 1917.
    • Box 374 Folder 12
      No. 92 - William Burgess, 26 October 1917.
    • Box 374 Folder 13
      No. 93 - Paul Langhorne, 7 June 1918.
    • Box 374 Folder 14
      No. 94 - Guy Nixon, 2 July 1918.
    • Box 374 Folder 15
      No. 95 - Tolson Bailey, 2 July 1918.
    • Box 374 Folder 16
      No. 96 - Harvey Stuart, 26 March 1919.
    • Box 374 Folder 17
      No. 97 - Horace Williams, 26 March 1919.
    • Box 374 Folder 18
      No. 98 - Jerry Warren, 27 June 1919.
    • Box 374 Folder 19
      No. 99 - Emper Jacobs, 30 October 1919.
    • Box 374 Folder 20
      No. 100 - Robert Williams, 13 November 1920.
    • Box 374 Folder 21
      No. 101 - John H. Williams, 5 March 1921.
    • Box 374 Folder 22
      No. 102 - Giles Sydnor, 8 April 1921.
    • Box 374 Folder 23
      No. 103 - Raleigh Haskins, 30 September 1921.
    • Box 374 Folder 23
      No. 104 - Judge Griffin, 30 September 1921.
    • Box 374 Folder 24
      No. 105 - Wilmer Amos Hadley, 9 December 1921.
    • Box 374 Folder 25
      No. 106 - Harry Hart, 23 January 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 26
      No. 107 - Edmond Thompson, 7 February 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 27
      No. 108 - Henry Lockett, 23 February 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 28
      No. 109 - Thomas Sparks, 24 February 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 29
      No. 110 - Will Elmoe, 31 March 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 30
      No. 111 - Henry Barnes, 4 April 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 31
      No. 112 - Ernest Brown, 26 May 1922.
    • Box 374 Folder 32
      No. 113 - Willie E. Clayton, 5 January 1923.
    • Box 374 Folder 33
      No. 114 - Alvin W. Harris, 6 February 1923.
    • Box 374 Folder 34
      No. 115 - George Wriggins, 2 March 1923.
    • Box 374 Folder 35
      No. 116 - Sam Riddick, 18 June 1923.
    • Box 374 Folder 36
      No. 117 - Robert Corbett, 28 September 1923.
    • Box 374 Folder 37
      No. 118 - Fritz Lewis, 12 September 1924.
    • Box 374 Folder 37
      No. 119 - Otto Clear, 12 September 1924.
    • Box 374 Folder 38
      No. 120 - Isaac A. Cooper, 6 March 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 1
      No. 121 - Prince Dandridge, 12 March 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 2
      No. 122 - Jesse Carter, 17 April 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 3
      No. 123 - Percy Lee, 1 May 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 4
      No. 124 - Rodney Hoke, 10 July 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 5
      No. 125 - Horace Allen, 17 July 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 6
      No. 126 - Henry Perman, 29 September 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 7
      No. 127 - Doc Earl McMillan, 9 October 1925.
    • Box 375 Folder 8
      No. 128 - William Spencer, 22 January 1926.
    • Box 375 Folder 9
      No. 129 - Rudolph E. Disse, 19 February 1926.
    • Box 375 Folder 10
      No. 130 - Louis Watkins, 19 March 1926.
    • Box 375 Folder 11
      No. 131 - James Patterson, 27 August 1926.
    • Box 375 Folder 12
      No. 132 - James Satchell, 24 September 1926.
    • Box 375 Folder 13
      No. 133 - William Gee, 14 January 1927.
    • Box 375 Folder 14
      No. 134 - Henry Perfey, 15 April 1927.
    • Box 375 Folder 15
      No. 135 - William Thomas, 15 April 1927.
    • Box 375 Folder 16
      No. 136 - Louis F. Boersig, 7 July 1927.
    • Box 375 Folder 17
      No. 137 - William Nelson, 15 November 1927.
    • Box 375 Folder 18
      No. 138 - Shirley Winningham, 25 January 1928.
    • Box 375 Folder 19
      No. 139 - Burn V. Gray, 18 May 1928.
    • Box 375 Folder 20
      No. 140 - James Washington, 27 July 1928.
    • Box 375 Folder 21
      No. 141 - Henry Jones, 29 March 1929.
    • Box 375 Folder 22
      No. 142 - Henry Moten, 17 May 1929.
    • Box 375 Folder 23
      No. 143 - Sam Haskins, 6 September 1929.
    • Box 375 Folder 24
      No. 144 - Luther Clayborn, 29 November 1929.
    • Box 375 Folder 25
      No. 145 - John Fields, 20 February 1930.
    • Box 375 Folder 26
      No. 146 - Elwood Payne, 19 September 1930.
    • Box 375 Folder 27
      No. 147 - Alphonso Bellamy, 31 October 1930.
    • Box 375 Folder 28
      No. 148 - Ollie Dawson, 3 February 1931.
    • Box 375 Folder 29
      No. 149 - Calvin Grooms, 26 June 1931.
    • Box 375 Folder 30
      No. 150 - Sam Pannell, 20 May 1932.
    • Box 375 Folder 31
      No. 151 - Randolph C. Cox, 3 June 1932.
    • Box 375 Folder 32
      No. 152 - Frank Mann, 6 October 1933.
    • Box 375 Folder 33
      No. 153 - Robert Mais, 2 February 1935.
    • Box 375 Folder 34
      No. 154 - William Davis (Legenza), 2 February 1935.
    • Box 375 Folder 35
      No. 155 - Philip Jones, 11 March 1935.
    • Box 375 Folder 36
      No. 156 - John Daugherty, 7 February 1936.
    • Box 375 Folder 37
      No. 157 - John Shell, 21 February 1936.
    • Box 375 Folder 37
      No. 158 - Joe Jackson, 21 February 1936.
    • Box 375 Folder 38
      No. 159 - Isaac Frank Watson, 3 July 1936.
    • Box 375 Folder 39
      No. 160 - Thomas Cole Hart, 24 July 1936.
    • Box 376 Folder 1
      No. 161 - Lawrence Wyche, 20 August 1937.
    • Box 376 Folder 2
      No. 162 - Willie Leake, 20 August 1937.
    • Box 376 Folder 3
      No. 163 - John Winzor, 31 December 1937.
    • Box 376 Folder 4
      No. 164 - Jasper Lee Tillman McNeill, 25 March 1938.
    • Box 376 Folder 5
      No. 165 - James Jackson, 25 March 1938.
    • Box 376 Folder 6
      No. 166 - Joe Martin, 8 April 1938.
    • Box 376 Folder 7
      No. 167 - Otis Cypress, 25 November 1938.
    • Box 376 Folder 8
      No. 168 - George W. Pingley, 25 November 1938.
    • Box 376 Folder 9
      No. 169 - Irving Brooks, 20 January 1939.
    • Box 376 Folder 10
      No. 170 - John Anderson, 10 February 1939.
    • Box 376 Folder 11
      No. 171 - Harry Williams, 7 April 1939.
    • Box 376 Folder 12
      No. 172 - Sam Swanson, 15 December 1939.
    • Box 376 Folder 13
      No. 173 - J.C. Abdell, 5 January 1940.
    • Box 376 Folder 14
      No. 174 - John Henry McCann, 26 January 1940.
    • Box 376 Folder 15
      No. 175 - Willie Bradshaw, 12 April 1940.
    • Box 376 Folder 16
      No. 176 - Wilmer Davis, 26 April 1940.
    • Box 376 Folder 17
      No. 177 - Charlie Brown, 26 September 1941.
    • Box 376 Folder 18
      No. 178 - Charles T. Johnson, Jr., 16 January 1942.
    • Box 376 Folder 19
      No. 179 - William Henry Diggs, 16 January 1942.
    • Box 376 Folder 20
      No. 180 - Odell Waller, 2 July 1942.
    • Box 377 Folder 1
      No. 181 - James Mooring, Jr., 19 March 1943.
    • Box 377 Folder 2
      No. 182 - Harry Edward Farris, No. 182 - Harry Edward Farris.
    • Box 377 Folder 3
      No. 183 - Raymond Woodall, 3 March 1944.
    • Box 377 Folder 4
      No. 184 - Howard Walker, 26 May 1944.
    • Box 377 Folder 5
      No. 185 - Thomas William Clatterbuck, 16 June 1944.
    • Box 377 Folder 6
      No. 186 - Willie Rogers Jones, 2 February 1945.
    • Box 377 Folder 7
      No. 187 - Holman B. Thomas, 1 March 1945.
    • Box 377 Folder 8
      No. 188 - Raymond McDaniel, 2 March 1945.
    • Box 377 Folder 9
      No. 189 - Mancy Christian, 1 May 1945.
    • Box 377 Folder 10
      No. 190 - Lonnie Pearson, 3 August 1945.
    • Box 377 Folder 11
      No. 191 - Andrew Jackson Holloman, 11 January 1946.
    • Box 377 Folder 12
      No. 192 - Ernest Edward Fagan, 15 February 1946.
    • Box 377 Folder 13
      No. 193 - Nelson Cross, 15 April 1.
    • Box 378 Folder 1
      No. 194 - Thomas Edward Harrison, 20 May 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 2
      No. 195 - George Grissett, 21 June 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 3
      No. 196 - James Hough, 21 June 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 4
      No. 197 - Arthur Johnson, 21 June 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 5
      No. 198 - James Lee Fletcher, 13 September 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 6
      No. 199 - Robert Holland, 13 September 1946.
    • Box 378 Folder 7
      No. 200 - Amon J. Gusler, 3 January 1947.
    • Box 378 Folder 8
      No. 201 - Ephriam Thomas, 23 May 1947.
    • Box 378 Folder 9
      No. 202 - William Davis, 18 July 1947.
    • Box 378 Folder 10
      No. 203 - Buford Russell Morton, 17 October 1947.
    • Box 378 Folder 11
      No. 204 - Raymond Laurence, 24 October 1947.
    • Box 378 Folder 12
      No. 205 - Sam Baldwin, 23 January 1948.
    • Box 379 Folder 1
      No. 206 - John Major Brooks, 23 April 1948.
    • Box 379 Folder 2
      No. 207 - Johnnie Edward James, 29 October 1948.
    • Box 379 Folder 3
      No. 208 - Alfred Rayfield, 17 November 1950.
    • Box 379 Folder 4
      No. 209 - Ben Franklin Fuller, 8 December 1950.
    • Box 379 Folder 5
      No. 210 - George Thomas Hailey, 2 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 6
      No. 211 - Joe Henry Hampton, 2 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 7
      No. 212 - Howard Lee Hairston, 2 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 8
      No. 213 - Booker T. Millner, 2 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 9
      No. 214 - Frank Hairston, Jr., 2 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 10
      No. 215 - John Clabon Taylor, 5 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 11
      No. 216 - James Luther Hairston, 5 February 1951.
    • Box 379 Folder 12
      No. 217 - Francis DeSales Grayson, 5 February 1951.
    • Box 380 Folder 1
      No. 218 - Ulysses Jones, 13 July 1951.
    • Box 380 Folder 2
      No. 219 - Floyd Joyner, Jr., 12 December 1951.
    • Box 380 Folder 3
      No. 220 - Albert Jackson, Jr., (25 August 1952.
    • Box 380 Folder 4
      No. 221 - John Clay Kensinger, 26 May 1954.
    • Box 380 Folder 5
      No. 222 - Sterling Groome, 14 October 1954.
    • Box 381 Folder 1
      No. 223 - Alonzo Russell, 14 July 1955.
    • Box 381 Folder 2
      No. 224 - John Lewis Gregory, Jr., 4 June 1957.
    • Box 381 Folder 3
      No. 225 - Lloyd Junius Dobie, 12 July 1957.
    • Box 381 Folder 4
      No. 226 - Jeremiah McCray, 18 April 1958.
    • Box 381 Folder 5
      No. 227 - E.J. Sherod, 6 June 1958.
    • Box 381 Folder 6
      No. 228 - Clarence Sparrow Dabney, 21 November 1958.
    • Box 381 Folder 7
      No. 229 - William Brown, 24 April 1959.
    • Box 381 Folder 8
      No. 230 - Willis Dameron Boyd, 24 April 1959.
    • Box 382 Folder 1
      No. 231 - Harry Eugene Fuller, 30 June 1960.
    • Box 382 Folder 2
      No. 232 - Linwood Bunch, 17 February 1961.
    • Box 382 Folder 3
      No. 233 - Grover Earl Lucas, 20 March 1961.
    • Box 383 Folder 1
      No. 234 - Claude Leon Hart, Jr., 17 November 1961.
    • Box 383 Folder 2
      No. 235 - Jim Cobbs, 8 December 1961.
    • Box 383 Folder 3
      No. 236 - Carroll L. Garland, 2 March 1962.
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      Edward Jones, Buckingham County (26 September 1910 - stayed)
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      John Moore - Nelson County (25 November 1910 - escaped)
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      Harvey D. Looney - Craig County (29 November 1912 - reversed)
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      James Canter - Washington County (11 June 1915 - reversed)
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      George Daniels - Pittsylvania County (23 June 1931 - insane)
    • Box 384 Folder 1
      Samuel Legions - Loudoun County (12 June 1942 - released 17 June 1943)
    • Box 384 Folder 2
      Walter Paul Harrison - City of Richmond (24 March 1944 - reversed)
    • Box 384 Folder 2
      Henry Pannill - Pittsylvania County (30 July 1945 - reversed)
    • Box 384 Folder 2
      Charles Francis Holober - Fairfax County (15 May 1950 - mental illness)
    • Box 384 Folder 3
      Joseph Robinson - Portsmouth (11 May 1951 - committed suicide) (part one)
    • Box 384 Folder 4
      Joseph Robinson - Portsmouth (11 May 1951 - committed suicide) (part two)
    • Box 384 Folder 5
      Frank Liverman - Nansemond County (1957 - not capital case, never received at Penitentiary)
    • Box 384 Folder 6
      Jay Timmons - Norfolk City (7 July 1962 - reversed)
    • Box 384 Folder 7
      John Cecil Short, Jr. - Richmond City (received 22 January 1968, new trial granted, received life sentence 15 July 1969 - see No. 92981)
    • Box 384 Folder 8
      Paul Edward Patterson - Roanoke City (15 November 1970 - new trial)
Series III. Board of Directors (State Prison Board), 1874-1877, 1881-1942.
Boxes 385-390 and Oversize Box 2.Volumes 128-142.
Extent: 3.80 cubic feet of records and 15 volumes.

The Board of Directors series is housed in six (6) boxes and contains 15 volumes and is arranged into three (3) subseries. Subseries have been designated for: A. Minutes; B. Correspondence and Reports; and C. Annual Reports. The Virginia Board of Directors controlled and governed the Virginia Penitentiary, State Farm and other branch prisons. The five directors (three prior to the 1902 Constitution) were appointed by the Governor. In 1942 the Virginia General Assembly created the Virginia Department of Corrections, consolidating the administration and regulation of all penal and correctional intuitions under one agency lead by the Commissioner of Corrections. This new department was overseen by a five member Board of Corrections. Corrections departments were merged into the Department of Welfare and Institutions by a government reorganization act passed by the General Assembly in 1948. In 1974 the Department of Welfare and Institutions was abolished and a new Department of Corrections was created. This series documents the activities of the Virginia State Prison Board.

  • Volumes 128-142.
    Series III. Subseries A. Minutes, 1874-1877, 1881-1942.

    This subseries contains 15 volumes and is arranged chronologically. These records contain the minutes of the Board of Directors of the Virginia Penitentiary (renamed State Prison Board in 1926) from 1874 to 1877 and 1881 to 1942. Information in these records includes: committee reports, correspondence, resolutions, awarding of contracts, approval of bills and financial information, facility improvements (including Penitentiary, State Farm and State Convict Road Force), escapes and decisions on conditional pardons (recommended and rejected). The minutes give insight into the decision-making process and governance of the Virginia Penitentiary and State Convict Road Force. The volumes are handwritten through August 1931 and are typed from September 1931 to June 1942. The volumes are not indexed except where noted. The subseries also includes one volume, Board Approval of Checks, 1906-1913.

    • Volume 128
      20 March 1874 to 28 September 1877.
    • Volume 129
      14 September 1881 to 25 April 1893.
    • Volume 130
      2 May 1893 to 18 December 1900.
    • Volume 131
      26 December 1900 to 27 July 1906.
    • Volume 132
      30 July 1906 to 26 November 1910.
    • Volume 133
      3 December 1910 to 5 July 1916.
    • Volume 134
      10 July 1916 to 28 July 1919.
    • Volume 135
      4 August 1919 to 6 February 1922.
    • Volume 136
      13 February 1922 to 27 July 1925 (indexed).
    • Volume 137
      3 August 1925 to 19 February 1930.
    • Volume 138
      24 February 1930 to 18 August 1931.
    • Volume 139
      1 September 1931 to 24 April 1934.
    • Volume 140
      1 May 1934 to 27 September 1937.
    • Volume 141
      4 October 1937 to 29 June 1942.
    • Volume 142
      Board Approval of Checks, 1906-1913.
  • Boxes 385-388 and Oversize Box 2.
    Series III. Subseries B. Correspondence and Reports, 1902-1939.

    This subseries is housed in four (4) boxes and is arranged chronologically and by subject. These records contain the correspondence of the Board and/or Clerk of the Virginia State Prison Board. Notable subjects include the establishment of a State Farm for Women in Goochland County, 1930-1931; and the State Farm.

    Correspondence regarding the State Farm for Women include: hiring of superintendent, purchasing of furnishings, (box 385, f2); selection of State Farm for Women site (b385, f7) including petition of Goochland County property owners protesting the location of the farm (undated); various offers of land to State Prison Board for State Farm for Women (b385, f7-f8); memorandum listing requirements for new Women's Farm, 26 May 1930 (b385, f8); and well for State Farm for Women (b386, f1). Notable documents concerning the State Farm include: applications for physician at State Farm, 1932 (b385, f3); report of R.R. Penn, Supt., State Farm, on the shooting of Ballard Campbell, 20559, while trying to escape, 15 Feb. 1932 (b385, f3); and blueprints for hospital at State Farm, October 1933 (oversize box 2, f1).

    Other records include Dept. of Health report on the water supply and sewage system at the State Industrial Farm for Women in Goochland County, 15 Sept. 1932, 3 Nov. 1932 (b385, f3); escape reports sent by Supt. Youell, 1931-1933 (b385, f6); and Specifications for Hall and Shop Building, Virginia State Penitentiary, 9 January 1928 (b286, f3).

    • Box 385 Folder 1
      Correspondence, 1902, 1904, 1909, 1913 and 1917.
    • Box 385 Folder 2
      Correspondence, 1930-1931.
    • Box 385 Folder 3
      Correspondence, 1932-1934.
    • Box 385 Folder 4
      Correspondence, 1937-1938 and undated.
    • Box 385 Folder 5
      Automobile Insurance Bids, 1933.
    • Box 385 Folder 6
      Escape Reports to Board, 1931-1933.
    • Box 385 Folder 7
      State Farm for Women-About Property (part one), 1930-1931.
    • Oversize Box 2 Folder 2
      Plat showing land near Beaver Dam Creek, Goochland County, undated.
    • Box 385 Folder 8
      State Farm for Women-About Property (part two), 1930-1931.
    • Oversize Box 2 Folder 2
      Map of 902 acres in Powhatan County, known as "Mt. Pleasant", 1918.
    • Box 385 Folder 9
      State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland County (property and staff), 1930-1932.
    • Box 386 Folder 1
      Well for State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland County, 1931.
    • Box 386 Folder 2
      State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland County, 1933.
    • Box 386 Folder 3
      Hall and Shop Building Specifications and Proposal (Carneal and Johnston), 1927.
    • Box 386 Folder 4
      Capital Improvements, Correctional Facilities (Carneal, Johnston and Wright), 1930-1933.
    • Oversize Box 2 Folder 1
      Blueprints for hospital at State Farm (2 copies), October 1933.
    • Box 386 Folder 5
      Carneal, Johnston and Wright; re: Women's Farm 1932.
    • Box 386 Folder 5
      Office Building, State Farm, 1933.
    • Box 386 Folder 5
      Tuberculosis Hospital, State Farm, 1935.
    • Box 386 Folder 6
      Hospital Report, State Farm, 1931-1933, 1937-1939.
    • Box 386 Folder 7
      Report of Educational Director, 1932-1937.
    • Box 386 Folder 8
      Report of State Depositories, 1932-1938.
    • Box 386 Folder 9
      Receipts and Disbursements, State Farm, 1931-1939.
    • Box 386 Folder 10
      Financial Statement of the Penitentiary Exchange, 1931-1933, 1937-1938.
    • Box 387 Folder 1
      State Industrial Farm for Women/State Farm, Reports, 1932-1936.
    • Box 387 Folder 2
      State Industrial Farm for Women/State Farm, Reports, 1937-1939.
    • Box 387 Folder 3
      State Industrial Farm for Women, Inventory, 1936.
    • Box 387 Folder 4
      Financial Statements, State Convict Road Force, 1931-1939.
    • Box 387 Folder 5
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1931-1932.
    • Box 387 Folder 6
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1933-1934.
    • Box 388 Folder 1
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1934-1935.
    • Box 388 Folder 2
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1936.
    • Box 388 Folder 3
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1937-1938.
    • Box 388 Folder 4
      Financial Statements, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1938-1939.
    • Box 388 Folder 5
      Virginia State Farm Inventory, 1933-1934.
    • Box 388 Folder 6
      Bank Securities, Regarding, 1931, 1933-1935, 1937.
  • Boxes 389-390.
    Series III. Subseries C. Annual Reports, 1877-1942.

    This subseries is housed in two (2) boxes and is arranged chronologically. This subseries contains copies of the Board's Annual Report. The reports were compiled by the Board of Directors for the Office of the Governor and include reports by the Superintendent (Penitentiary and State Farm), Surgeon (Penitentiary and State Farm) and State Convict Road Force depending upon time period. The reports include financial information as well as prisoner-related information and statistics. Tables accompanying the reports often provide additional information on prisoners in the Penitentiary or related bodies (State Farm, State Convict Road Force, etc.), including number of prisoners, socio-economic background of prisoners, list of escaped prisoners, pardons and deaths, births in Penitentiary, and names of children in Penitentiary. Financial statements detail the costs of operating the Penitentiary, State Farm and State Convict Road Force. Other topics include recommendations for capital improvements, overcrowded conditions, hiring out convict labor to private companies and convict labor within the walls of the Penitentiary. This is not a comprehensive collection of Annual Reports. Researchers will need to check the Library's card catalog for those that are missing. The pre-Civil War reports can be found as documents within the Journal of the House of Delegates or Executive Communications of the Speaker of the House of Delegates (see accession 36912). Annual Reports for the Penitentiary (1860s forward) were separate publications (call number HV8366.A31).

    • Box 389
      Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Virginia Penitentiary, 1877, 1879 (3 copies), 1881, 1888, 1889 (3 copies).
    • Box 390
      Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Virginia Penitentiary, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908 (3 copies), 1911 (2 copies), 1912 (2 copies), 1913, 1914, 1917, 1918 (4 copies), 1919, 1920 (2 copies), 1921 (5 copies), 1923 (3 copies), 1925 (4 copies), 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1932 (3 copies), 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 (2 copies), 1941 (2 copies), 1942 (2 copies).
Series IV. Office of the Superintendent, 1869-1991 (bulk 1908-1970).
Boxes 391-572, 693 and Oversize Box 2.Volumes 143-161.
Extent: 76.60 cubic feet of records and 19 volumes.

The Office of the Superintendent series contains 19 volumes and is housed in 183 boxes and one over-size folder. It is arranged into eight (8) subseries. Subseries have been designated for: A. Letter Books; B. General Correspondence; C. State Convict Road Force; D. Correspondence-Office of the Governor; E. Reports and Publications; F. Guard Logs-Virginia Penitentiary; G. Reference Books; and H. Photographs. These records include letter books, correspondence, subject files, telegrams, contracts, reports, speeches, photographs, audio tapes, videotapes, lists and budgets. The Superintendent was the chief executive officer of the Penitentiary and directed its internal policy and management subject to the control of the Board of Directors (post 1902 Virginia Constitution). Prior to the 1901-1902 Constitutional Convention, the Superintendent was elected by the Virginia General Assembly to serve a two year term. In 1942 the Virginia General Assembly created the Virginia Department of Corrections, consolidating the administration and regulation of all penal and correctional intuitions under one agency lead by the Commissioner of Corrections. This new department was overseen by a five member Board of Corrections. Corrections departments were merged into the Department of Welfare and Institutions by a government reorganization act passed by the General Assembly in 1948. In 1974 the Department of Welfare and Institutions was abolished and a new Department of Corrections was created.

This series documents the work of the Superintendent's Office at the Virginia Penitentiary. Researchers should be aware that there are significant gaps within this series. For example there are very few correspondence prior to 1908, between 1911 and 1913, 1920s, and post World War II. The bulk of the records can be found in the General Correspondence and State Convict Road Force subseries. Topics include convict labor, penitentiary operations, prisoner escapes, paroled prisoners, prisoner information/inquiries, prisoner discipline, clemency requests, executions, employment requests, State Farm (Goochland County), State Industrial Farm for Woman (Goochland County), State Lime Grinding Plant and State Convict Road Force. Researchers should also note that additional State Convict Road Force and State Lime Grinding Plant records can be found in Series V. and VI.

  • Volumes 143-147.
    Series IV. Subseries A. Letter Books, ca. 1871-1906.

    This subseries consists of five volumes of out-going correspondence of the Superintendent. Four of the volumes suffered water damage; three volumes were conserved successfully. Due to significant water damage, the fourth volume could not be opened or conserved.

    • Volume 143
      Letter Book, 1884, 1895-1904.
    • Volume 144
      Letter Book, ca. 1871-1882.
    • Volume 145
      Letter Book (cannot open - water damage).
    • Volume 146
      Letter Book, 1902-1905.
    • Volume 147
      Letter Book, 1904-1906.
  • Boxes 391-484.
    Series IV. Subseries B. General Correspondence, 1892-1991 (bulk 1908-1970).

    This subseries is housed in 94 boxes. The General Correspondence subseries is further divided into: B.I. Superintendent B.W. Lynn, 1892-1896; B.II. Superintendents George M. Helms, Samuel M. Bolling and Evan F. Morgan ,1898-1907; B.III. Superintendent Evan F. Morgan, 1908-1909; B.IV. Superintendent J.B. Wood, 1910-1919; B.V. Superintendent Rice M. Youell, 1920-1942; B.VI. Superintendent's Files, 1934-1990 (bulk 1940-1970); B.VII. Commissioner of Public Welfare Files, 1924-1947; and B.VIII. Warden Raymond Muncy, 1987-1991. There is some over-lap between subseries divisions.

    • Boxes 391-394.
      Series IV.B.I. Superintendent B.W. Lynn, 1892-1896.

      Superintendent B.W. Lynn's correspondence are housed in four boxes and arranged alphabetically by correspondent and by subject. Subjects include requests for convict labor from Joseph R. Anderson, The Enterprise Cooperage Works of Virginia, Goochland County (b391, f1 and f2) and W.P. Fortune, for work on Abingdon Coal and Iron Railroad, Washington County, Virginia (b391, f3 and f4); Davis Boot and Shoe Company (employed convicts within the Penitentiary) (b391, f3); letter to Governor McKinney, 8 June 1892 accusing W.P. Fortune of mistreating convicts in Abingdon (b391, f5); letters from R.S. Haller, Penitentiary Officer, to B.W. Lynn, dated 8 July 1892, 11 August 1892, 24 August 1892, 31 August 1892, 6 September 1892, and 12 September 1892, describing conditions at Fortune's camp in Abingdon (b391, f6); Dr. Rolfe E. Hughes, physician at Fortune's camp in Abingdon, 1892-1893 (b392, f1); Dr. T.N.W. Morris, physician for railroad contractors Gooch and Waugh, 1892-1893 (b392, f3); and the establishment of a State Farm, 1893-1896 (b393, f6; b394, f1 and f2).

      Bushrod W. Lynn was born in Loudoun County in 1842. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a private in Co. H. 1st Regt. Va. Cav., also known as the Loudoun Light Horse, and fought at the 1st Battle of Manassas. On Feb, 28, 1863, he was appointed ordnance sergeant and ordered to report to the Richmond defenses. Lynn was assigned to Battery No. 9 in April 1863, and later as assistant inspector of the Laboratory Dept., Richmond Arsenal. He also became assistant superintendent of the laboratory on Sept. 21, 1864. After the war, Lynn returned to Loudoun County to work on his farm. He entered the realm of politics and was elected Superintendent of the State Penitentiary three times serving from 1892 to 1898. He was also elected for two terms in the 11th Senatorial District of the State Senate in 1905. Lynn married Frances Hope Allen, daughter of Russell W. Allen of Richmond, on March 5, 1863. The couple had 4 sons and 2 daughters. His wife died in 1908 and he remarried in 1909 to Columbia Foster Van Deventer. He died on Oct. 17, 1917 in Los Angeles, Ca. and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery.

      • Box 391 Folder 1
        Index to Subjects; Joe Adams - Joseph R. Anderson
      • Box 391 Folder 2
        Joseph R. Anderson - C.G. Burton
      • Box 391 Folder 3
        W.E. Caldwell and Co. - W.P. Fortune
      • Box 391 Folder 4
        W.P. Fortune - R.S. Glinn
      • Box 391 Folder 5
        G.G. Gooch (Gooch and Waugh) - Governor's Office
      • Box 391 Folder 6
        Governor's Office - L.C. Hughes
      • Box 392 Folder 1
        Dr. Rolfe E. Hughes
      • Box 392 Folder 2
        John L. Hurt - Jas. D. Moncure
      • Box 392 Folder 3
        Dr. T.N.W. Morris (Gooch and Waugh)
      • Box 392 Folder 4
        Dr. T.N.W. Morris (Gooch and Waugh) - Secretary of the Commonwealth
      • Box 392 Folder 5
        Frank Shepherd - Charles R. Wright
      • Box 392 Folder 6
        Clothing
      • Box 393 Folder 1
        Clothing
      • Box 393 Folder 2
        County Roads/Prisoners, Communications
      • Box 393 Folder 3
        County Roads/Prisoners, Communications
      • Box 393 Folder 4
        Escapes, Relating to
      • Box 393 Folder 5
        [Improvements]
      • Box 393 Folder 6
        State Farm
      • Box 394 Folder 1
        State Farm
      • Box 394 Folder 2
        State Farm
    • Box 394.
      Series IV.B.II. Superintendents' George M. Helms, Samuel M. Bolling and Evan F. Morgan, 1898-1907.

      Superintendents' George M. Helms, Samuel M. Bolling and Evan F. Morgan, correspondence, 1898-1907, are housed in one folder and are arranged alphabetically. Helms served as Superintendent from 1898-1904. Bolling served from 1904 until his resignation on 4 December 1905 (Bolling was elected clerk of Bedford County circuit court). The Board elected Evan F. Morgan as Superintendent to serve the remaining two years of Bolling's term. The Board re-elected Morgan in 1908 and he served until his death on 4 December 1909.

      • Box 394 Folder 3
        John F. Jacobs and Company, 1898.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        Frazier and Tompkins, 1899.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        State Penitentiary Hospital.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        1901 and undated.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        J.L. Taliaferro, 10 June 1904.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        Clock for Virginia State Penitentiary, 24 July 1905.
      • Box 394 Folder 3
        National Prison Association, 1907.
    • Boxes 395-399.
      Series IV.B.III. Superintendent Evan F. Morgan, 1908-1909.

      Superintendents Evan F. Morgan's correspondence, 1908-1909, are housed in four boxes. Correspondence for fiscal year 1908-1909 (October-September) are arranged by numbers assigned to topics and reverse chronological order therein. Subjects include: No. 6 Electrocutions/Electric chair- requests to witness executions, installation of electric chair by Adams Electric Company, Trenton, N.J., 30 March 1909 (b395, f1); No. 7 letters of application for positions at the Penitentiary, State Farm or State Convict Road Force (b395, f2, f3 and f4); No. 8 planning for the American Prison Association, annual meeting held in Richmond, 14-19 November 1908 (b395, f6); No. 12 Employment and complaints of Paroled Prisoners [paroled prisoners were placed with perspective employers] (b396, f3); No. 44 Parole (b397, f3-5) No. 105 Information About Prison (b398, f5) see 22 April 1909 letter concerning shoe contract; made 20 years ago; expires in 1913; and letter to State Board of Charities and Corrections, 30 January 1909, describing prison furniture (b398, f5).

      Evan F. Morgan was born in Brenham, Texas, about 1862. At an early age, he relocated with his family first to Botetourt County, Virginia, then to Roanoke County, Virginia. In about 1893, he moved to Richmond to take the position of assistant superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. Following the resignation of Samuel S. Bolling, Morgan was promoted to superintendent in 1905. With wife Susie P. Morgan, he had three daughters, Laura, Julia, and Edna, and one son, Persons. Morgan died on 5 December 1909, the result of an illness contracted while visiting Seattle for the annual meeting of the American Prison Association..

      • B.III.1. Fiscal Year 1908-1909 (October to September)
        • Box 395 Folder 1
          No. 6 - Electrocutions/Electric Chair.
        • Box 395 Folder 2
          No. 7 - Application for Positions (part one).
        • Box 395 Folder 3
          No. 7 - Application for Positions (part two).
        • Box 395 Folder 4
          No. 7 - Application for Positions (part three).
        • Box 395 Folder 5
          No. 8 - American Prison Association, 1908-1909.
        • Box 395 Folder 6
          No. 8 - American Prison Association, 1907-1908.
        • Box 395 Folder 7
          No. 9 - M.C. Clark.
        • Box 396 Folder 1
          No. 10 - Condition of Prisoners.
        • Box 396 Folder 2
          No. 11 - [unknown heading].
        • Box 396 Folder 3
          No. 12 - Employment and Complaints of.
        • Box 396 Folder 4
          No. 13 - B.H. Davenport, Banks.
        • Box 396 Folder 4
          No. 14 - Thomas L. Wilcox.
        • Box 396 Folder 5
          No. 15 - Stewart Jail Works.
        • Box 396 Folder 6
          No. 16 - J.B. Evans.
        • Box 396 Folder 6
          No. 17 - Chas. Lassiter.
        • Box 396 Folder 7
          No. 18 - Visiting of Prisoners.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 19 - Blankets.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 20 - Howard J. Woodward.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 21 - Re-New Lamp Company.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 22 - Blood Hounds.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 23 - Robert L. Pennington, re. George R. Rutherford.
        • Box 396 Folder 8
          No. 24 - Price Paid for Labor.
        • Box 396 Folder 9
          No. 25 - Escaped Prisoners.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 26 - Charles Brant and John Brown Wanted.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 27 - Bill.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 28 - William Glover and William Watson.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 29 - National Chemical Company - Chemicals.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 30 - J.J. Lucas.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 31 - Statement of Henry Smith.
        • Box 396 Folder 10
          No. 32 - J.J. Lynch - Stone from State Farm for sidewalk.
        • Box 396 Folder 11
          No. 33 - Guards, Discharge of.
        • Box 396 Folder 12
          No. 34 - Commutations.
        • Box 396 Folder 13
          No. 35 - Convicts/Prisoners - bringing of to prison.
        • Box 396 Folder 14
          No. 36 - Nationality of Prisoners.
        • Box 396 Folder 15
          No. 37 - Prisoners, Writing of/Writing to Prisoners.
        • Box 396 Folder 16
          No. 38 - Violation of Parole.
        • Box 397 Folder 1
          No. 39 - Pardons
        • Box 397 Folder 2
          No. 40 - Resignations
        • Box 397 Folder 2
          No. 41 - Size of Hats
        • Box 397 Folder 2
          No. 42 - George Pennison.
        • Box 397 Folder 2
          No. 43 - Return of Prisoners.
        • Box 397 Folder 3
          No. 44 - Paroles, Information Regarding to (part one).
        • Box 397 Folder 4
          No. 44 - Paroles, Information Regarding to (part two).
        • Box 397 Folder 5
          No. 44 - Paroles, Information Regarding to (part three).
        • Box 397 Folder 6
          No. 45 - Prices.
        • Box 397 Folder 6
          No. 46 - Contributions.
        • Box 397 Folder 6
          No. 47 - Insurance.
        • Box 397 Folder 7
          No. 48 - Record, Requests for Prisoners.
        • Box 397 Folder 8
          No. 49 - Requests for Prisoners Signatures.
        • Box 397 Folder 9
          No. 50 - Transferring to Prison.
        • Box 397 Folder 9
          No. 51 - Number of Prisoners.
        • Box 397 Folder 9
          No. 52 - Medical Services.
        • Box 398 Folder 1
          No. 53 - Description of Prisoners.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 54 - Voting, Returning Home for.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 55 - Impeaching Evidence.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 56 - Holding of Prisoners.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 57 - Reward for Recapture.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 58 - Recommendations.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 59 - Insect Extermination.
        • Box 398 Folder 2
          No. 60 - Filing Cases.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 61 - Delay in Returning Prisoners.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 62 - Moving of Letter Box.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 63 - Sending Roy Shelton to Farm.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 64 - Catalogues.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 65 - Preventing Prisoners Escaping.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 66 - Reformatory, Sending Colored Boy to Instead of Prison; Reform School, Sending Colored Girl to.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 67 - Transportation of Prisoners, Routes used.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 68 - Clock, Main Hall Penitentiary.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 69 - [Money] Orders Drawn by Prisoners.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 70 - Meat.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 71 - Chairs.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 72 - Refusing Admittance Colored Priest.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 73 - Illness of Men.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 74 - Discharge List.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 75 - Telephone, Farm, Changing of.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 76 - Rules and Regulations, Copies of.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 77 - Convict Clothing, Purchase of.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 78 - Cement Bags, Disposition of.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 79 - Discharge Certificates (U.S.N.).
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 81 - Furnishing of Men to A.A. Phaup for Road Work.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 82 - Gifts, Returning of.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 83 - Tobaccos.
        • Box 398 Folder 3
          No. 84 - Coal.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 85 - Lassiter-Withers Road Law.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 86 - Treatment Elbert Smith.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 87 - Letterheads and Envelopes, Cost of.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 88 - Raspberry Plants, Care of.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 89 - Discharging of Employees.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 90 - Christmas Checks.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 91 - Electric Light Carbons.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 92 - Prisoners from Norfolk City, July 1907 to December 1908.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 93 - Stripes, Woolen and Flannel.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 94 - Prisoners to Camps.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 95 - Mare, Purchase of.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 96 - Concrete Floor Dressing.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 97 - Furloughs.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 98 - Money Made by Prisoners.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 99 - Freight Charges on Boxes.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 101 - Payment for Escapes of Loaned Men.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 102 - Smallpox.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 103 - Highway Association of S.E. Virginia.
        • Box 398 Folder 4
          No. 104 - Parole Laws, Request for Copies.
        • Box 398 Folder 5
          No. 105 - Information about Prison.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 106 - Second Conviction Men.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 107 - Purification of Water.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 108 - Riot Guns.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 109 - [unknown].
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 110 - Sending Men to State Farm.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 111 - Prisoners Signing Deed.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 112 - Crime and Drunkenness.
        • Box 398 Folder 6
          No. 113 - Dinning.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 114 - Contracts.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 115 - Guards, Reappointment.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 116 - Introduction, J.T. Mastin.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 117 - Subscriptions.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 118 - Conviction Railroad Bill.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 119 - Debate.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 120 - Shade Trees on Belvidere Street.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 121 - Charities and Corrections.
        • Box 398 Folder 7
          No. 122 - General File.
      • B.III.2. General Files, 1909
        • Box 399 Folder 1
          General File
    • Boxes 399-408.
      Series IV.B. IV. Superintendent J.B. Wood, 1910-1919.

      Superintendent J.B. Wood's correspondence, 1910-1919, are housed in ten boxes. The correspondence are further divided by date: B.IV.1. 1910-1911; B.IV.2. Personal Correspondence, 1911; B.IV.3. 1914-1916; B.IV.4. 1916; B.IV.5. 1916-1917; B.IV.6. 1917-1919; and B.IV.7. Personal Correspondence, 1917-1919. Following the death of Superintendent Morgan on 4 December 1909, Assistant Superintendent Fred A. Lamb became acting superintendent until the Board of Directors could name a permanent replacement. On 10 January 1910 the Board elected James B. Wood as Superintendent. Wood was born on 2 April 1847 in Spotsylvania County. He later moved to Richmond where he served on the Board of Alderman. Wood served as Superintendent until he submitted his resignation on 4 May 1922 effective 15 May 1922. The Board appointed Wood special advisory agent for the state convict road force. Wood held this position until his death on 9 March 1929.

      • Boxes 399-400.
        B.IV.1. 1910-1911.

        Correspondence are arranged in reverse chronological order and by numbers assigned to topics; notable correspondence include: correspondence between paroled prisoners and the Superintendent about how they are getting along (see General Correspondence: Charles Miller, 18 August 1911; W.H. Reynolds, 8 August 1911; H.W. Herwig, 3 August 1911; Lemuel Summerall, 9 May 1911; Robert H. Diggs, 4136, 25 April 1911; Ben Parker, 8432, 12 April 1911; Andrew Burch, 9194, 11 April 1911; Joe Perry, 6733, 31 March 1911; Howard Shelor, 9154, 24 March 1911; William Hill, 16 March 1911; Mills W. Munford, 14 February 1911; J.W. Pooser, 9115, 11 February 1911; Ross Urquart, 12 January 1911; ); correspondence from prisoners' family members inquiring about their health and chance of parole; and correspondence inquiring about guard positions.

        • Box 399 Folder 2
          General Files, 1910.
        • Box 399 Folder 3
          General Files, 10 September 1911 to 1 May 1911.
        • Box 399 Folder 4
          General Files, 28 April 1911 to 6 April 1911.
        • Box 399 Folder 5
          General Files, 5 April 1911 to 10 March 1911.
        • Box 399 Folder 6
          General Files, 9 March 1911 to 17 February 1911.
        • Box 400 Folder 1
          General Files, 15 February 1911 to 6 February 1911.
        • Box 400 Folder 2
          General Files, 3 February 1911 to 24 January 1911.
        • Box 400 Folder 3
          General Files, 23 January 1911 to 12 January 1911.
        • Box 400 Folder 4
          General Files, 11 January 1911 to 2 January 1911.
        • Box 400 Folder 5
          No. 21 - [Parole], 1911.
      • Box 400.
        B.IV.2. Personal Correspondence, 1911.

        Personal Correspondence are housed in one folder and contains personal correspondence to Superintendent J.B. Wood.

        • Box 400 Folder 6
          January-August 1911.
      • Boxes 401-404.
        B.IV.3. 1914-1916.

        Correspondence are arranged by numbers assigned to topics. Notable topics include: No. 25 General Correspondence, children in penitentiary, 26 February 1916 (b401, f9); religious services at the penitentiary, 11 January 1916 (b401, f10); survey response about Penitentiary salaries, duties and organization, 20 November 1915 (b401, f11); correspondence with Chicago Police Department describing the buildings at the Penitentiary, 13 November 1915 (b401, f11); correspondence with A.J.G. Wells, Warden, Kentucky State Reformatory, describing prison labor at the Penitentiary, 27 October 1915 (b401, f11); letter to James E. Brockwell listing Penitentiary employees and salaries, 7 April 1915 (b402, f4); correspondence with P.J. McDonnell, Supt., New York State Reformatory describing rules and life in the Penitentiary, 20 February 1915 (b402, f4); and correspondence with Mary Morse, 11083, re: children in penitentiary, 18 January 1915 (b402, f6); No. 38 State Lime Grinding Plant consists primarily of correspondence between State Lime Grinding Plant Superintendent. J.E. Vance and J.B. Woods. Topics include broken equipment, supplies, bills, plant operations, installation of equipment, location of plant, hiring superintendent of State Lime Grinding Plant; [State Convict Road Force], Notable correspondence include: statement showing number of men on Roads (white, colored, and jailmen), number of trusties, cost of maintenance, escapes, 22 July 1914 (b403, f8).

        • Box 401 Folder 1
          No. 1 - [Requests for Prisoner Records], 1914-1916.
        • Box 401 Folder 2
          No. 11 - [Prisoner Escapes], 1915.
        • Box 401 Folder 3
          No. 11 - [Prisoner Escapes], 1915-1916.
        • Box 401 Folder 4
          No. 12 - [Auditor of Public Accounts], 1915.
        • Box 401 Folder 5
          No. 13 - [Coal], 1911, 1914-1915.
        • Box 401 Folder 6
          No. 17 - [Annual Reports], 1914-1916.
        • Box 401 Folder 7
          No. 20 - [Prisoner Inquiries], 1914-1916.
        • Box 401 Folder 8
          No. 22 - [Prisoner Information - Deaths], 1915-1916.
        • Box 401 Folder 9
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part one), 1914-1916 .
        • Box 401 Folder 10
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part two), 1914-1916 .
        • Box 401 Folder 11
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part three), 1914-1916 .
        • Box 402 Folder 1
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part four), 1914-1916.
        • Box 402 Folder 2
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part five), 1914-1916.
        • Box 402 Folder 3
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part six), 1914-1916.
        • Box 402 Folder 4
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part seven), 1914-1916.
        • Box 402 Folder 5
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part eight), 1914-1916.
        • Box 402 Folder 6
          No. 25 - [General Correspondence](part nine), 1914-1916.
        • Box 403 Folder 1
          No. 26 - [Visiting Prisoners], 1914-1916.
        • Box 403 Folder 2
          No. 28 - [Prisoner Money], 1914-1916.
        • Box 403 Folder 3
          No. 33 - [Insurance], 1916.
        • Box 403 Folder 4
          No. 36 - [Prisoner Inquiries], 1915-1916.
        • Box 403 Folder 5
          No. 38 - [State Lime Grinding Plant] (part one), .
        • Box 403 Folder 6
          No. 38 - [State Lime Grinding Plant] (part two), 1912, 1914-1916 .
        • Box 403 Folder 7
          No. 38 - [State Lime Grinding Plant] (part three), 1912, 1914-1916 .
        • Box 403 Folder 8
          State Convict Road Force] (part one), 1914-1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 1
          State Convict Road Force] (part two), 1914-1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 2
          State Convict Road Force] (part three), 1914-1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 3
          State Convict Road Force] (part four), 1914-1916.
      • Box 404.
        B.IV.4. 1916.

        Correspondence are arranged alphabetically by subject including: requests for body of executed prisoner (b404, f4); pardon requests (b404, f6); and Prisoner Information-Deaths, 1916 (b404, f7).

        • Box 404 Folder 4
          Electrocutions, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 5
          Financial, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 6
          Pardon/Parole Requests, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 7
          Prisoner Information - Deaths, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 8
          Prisoner Inquiries, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 9
          Prisoner Rendition Requests, 1916.
        • Box 404 Folder 10
          Visiting Prisoners, 1916.
      • Boxes 404-407.
        B.IV.5. 1916-1917.

        General Correspondence are arranged by number and subjects include: prisoner information/inquiries, clemency requests, employment requests, and requests from Governor's Office for prisoner records. Notable documents include: No. 213 correspondence with William Colstep re: children born in penitentiary, 13 May 1916 (b406, f1); No. 216 correspondence with Prison Physician at New York's Sing Sing Prison re: Electrocutions, 13 May 1916 (b406, f1); and No. 266 correspondence with Senator G. Walter Mapp re: treatment of Mapp's friend, T.B. Mason, a prisoner who Wood watched over at Mapp's request, 31 May 1916 (b406, f2).

        • Box 405 Folder 1
          General Correspondence, No. 1 - No. 38.
        • Box 405 Folder 2
          General Correspondence, No. 39 - No. 71.
        • Box 405 Folder 3
          General Correspondence, No. 72 - No. 99.
        • Box 405 Folder 4
          General Correspondence, No. 100 - No. 132.
        • Box 405 Folder 5
          General Correspondence, No. 133 - No. 168.
        • Box 405 Folder 6
          General Correspondence, No. 169 - No. 206.
        • Box 406 Folder 1
          General Correspondence, No. 207 - No. 245.
        • Box 406 Folder 2
          General Correspondence, No. 246 - No. 284.
        • Box 406 Folder 3
          General Correspondence, No. 285 - No. 303.
        • Box 406 Folder 4
          Annual Report, 1916-1917.
        • Box 406 Folder 5
          Bloodhounds, 1917.
        • Box 406 Folder 6
          Electrocutions, 1916-1917.
        • Box 406 Folder 7
          Financial, 1916-1917.
        • Box 406 Folder 8
          Pardon/Parole Requests (part one).
        • Box 406 Folder 9
          Pardon/Parole Requests (part two).
        • Box 407 Folder 1
          Pardon/Parole Requests (part three).
        • Box 407 Folder 2
          Pardon/Parole Requests (part four).
        • Box 407 Folder 3
          Prisoner Information - Deaths (part one).
        • Box 407 Folder 4
          Prisoner Information - Deaths (part two).
        • Box 407 Folder 5
          Prisoner Inquiries (part one).
        • Box 407 Folder 6
          Prisoner Inquiries (part two).
        • Box 407 Folder 7
          Prisoner Rendition Requests, 1916-1917.
        • Box 407 Folder 8
          Visiting Prisoners, 1916-1917.
      • Box 408.
        B.IV.6. 1917-1918-1919.

        Correspondence are arranged alphabetically by subject including: pardon/parole requests, prisoner inquiries and prisoner deaths.

        • Box 408 Folder 1
          Prisoner Information - Insane, 1917.
        • Box 408 Folder 2
          Pardon/Parole Requests, 1917.
        • Box 408 Folder 3
          Prisoner Inquiries, 1918-1919.
        • Box 408 Folder 4
          Prisoner Rendition Requests, 1917.
        • Box 408 Folder 5
          [No. 14] Prisoner Deaths, 1917-1919.
        • Box 408 Folder 6
          Coal, 1917-1919.
        • Box 408 Folder 7
          Auditor of Public Accounts, undated.
        • Box 408 Folder 8
          [unidentified]
      • Box 408.
        B.IV.7. Personal Correspondence, 1917-1978.

        Personal Correspondence are arranged by assigned numbers. Contains correspondence with H.W. Melton, chief clerk of the State Convict Road Force, and a patient at the Catawba Sanatorium (A-149, 20 August 1918; A-152, 26 August 1918; A-155, 2 August 1918; A-156, 12 August 1918; A-160, 8 July 1918; A-161, 18 July 1918; A-165, 21 June 1918).

        • Box 408 Folder 9
          A-145 to A-183.
        • Box 408 Folder 10
          A-184 to A-226.
        • Box 408 Folder 11
          A-227 to A-255 and unnumbered.
    • Boxes 408-453 and Oversize Box 2.
      Series IV.B.V. Superintendent Rice M. Youell, 1920-1942.

      Superintendent Rice M. Youell's correspondence are housed in 46 boxes and one oversize box. The correspondence are further divided by date: B.V.1. 1920-1923; B.V.2. 1924-1927; B.V.3. 1928-1929; B.V.4. 1930-1931; B.V.5. 1931-1934; B.V.6. 1934-1937; B.V.7. Subject Files, 1931-1942. The largest and most complete group of Youell's correspondence cover 1931-1934 and documents the impact of the Great Depression and Federal legislation on convict labor on the Penitentiary.

      Rice M. Youell was born in Rockbridge County on 12 February 1891. He attended the Virginia Military Institute and was captain of the football team. Following his graduation from VMI in 1914, Youell enlisted in the United States Army. During World War I, Youell served in First Division, 26th United States Infantry. He was wounded in action during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and received the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism under fire. Major Youell resigned his commission in 1920 and returned to Virginia to engage in private business. Youell was elected Superintendent on 15 May 1922 to fill the unexpired term of James B. Wood. Youell served as Superintendent until 1942 when he was selected as the first Commissioner of Corrections. In 1948 he was named director of the reorganized corrections division, a position he held until his retirement in 1960. Major Youell was elected president of the American Prison Association in 1937 and president of the Southern States Prison Association in 1955. Youell married Gladys Katherine Keller and the couple had one son, Rice M. Youell, Jr. Youell died on 15 March 1962.

      • Box 408.
        B.V.1. 1920-1923.

        Correspondence are housed in four folders. Subjects include State Prison Board and State Farm.

        • Box 408 Folder 12
          G, 1923.
        • Box 408 Folder 12
          Q. 1922.
        • Box 408 Folder 12
          State Prison Board, 1921-1922.
        • Box 408 Folder 13
          Military discharge certificate for Barney Victorson, 5 August 1920.
        • Box 408 Folder 14
          Chandler, Shelburne, Jailman, Montgomery County, 1923.
        • Box 408 Folder 15
          State Farm, 1922.
      • Boxes 409-414.
        B.V.2. 1924-1927.

        The 1924-1927 correspondence are arranged by first letter of surname of correspondent and/or subject, then reverse chronological order. Only A-H correspondence are extant. Subjects include: clemency requests, prisoner inquiries, applications for employment as guard, fired guards asking superintendent to be reinstated, and convict labor contracts.

        Notable correspondents include : J.H. Bradford, Director of the Budget, Governor Harry F. Byrd, and H.D. Coghill, Psychologist and Secretary, The Governor's Board on Mental Hygiene.

        Notable correspondence include : resignation of Prisoner Matron M. Ellen Bradley, 18 September 1926 (b410, f2); Supt. Rice M. Youell to Governor Harry F. Byrd, 17 April 1925 re: convict labor (b410, f4); letter to J.S. Cohn, describing educational training at prison, 14 April 1926 (b411, f5); contract with Fibercraft Chair Company, 17 December 1925 and Kegan-Grace Company, 1 April 1924 (b412, f3); and Dr. Roy K. Flannagan, Assistant Health Commissioner, reports on examination of water, 19 April 1926 (b413, f4).

        • Box 409 Folder 1
          A-Al.
        • Box 409 Folder 2
          Am-Az.
        • Box 409 Folder 3
          Applications for Positions as Guard.
        • Box 409 Folder 4
          Auditor of Public Accounts, Railroad Bills Sent to.
        • Box 409 Folder 5
          Ba.
        • Box 409 Folder 6
          Be-Bh.
        • Box 409 Folder 7
          Bi-Bl.
        • Box 409 Folder 8
          Bo.
        • Box 410 Folder 1
          Board of Directors.
        • Box 410 Folder 2
          Br (part one).
        • Box 410 Folder 3
          Br (part two).
        • Box 410 Folder 4
          Bu-By.
        • Box 410 Folder 5
          Governor Harry F. Byrd (part one), 1926-1927.
        • Box 410 Folder 6
          Governor Harry F. Byrd (part two), 1926-1927.
        • Box 411 Folder 1
          Ca.
        • Box 411 Folder 2
          Ce-Ch.
        • Box 411 Folder 3
          Ci-Cl.
        • Box 411 Folder 4
          Co (part one).
        • Box 411 Folder 5
          Co (part two).
        • Box 411 Folder 6
          Coal for Camps, 1927-1928.
        • Box 412 Folder 1
          Coal for Camps.
        • Box 412 Folder 2
          Coles, Bill, 19324, Escape in Washington.
        • Box 412 Folder 2
          Collins, Frank, 17806, Escape in Philadelphia.
        • Box 412 Folder 3
          Contract for Convict Labor.
        • Box 412 Folder 4
          Corporal Punishment.
        • Box 412 Folder 5
          Cr-Cz.
        • Box 412 Folder 6
          Da.
        • Box 412 Folder 7
          De-Dh.
        • Box 412 Folder 8
          Di-Do.
        • Box 412 Folder 9
          Dr-Dy.
        • Box 412 Folder 10
          Ea-Em.
        • Box 413 Folder 1
          En-Ez.
        • Box 413 Folder 2
          Escapes.
        • Box 413 Folder 3
          Fa-Fe.
        • Box 413 Folder 4
          Fi-Fl.
        • Box 413 Folder 5
          Fo-Fy.
        • Box 413 Folder 6
          Ga-Ge.
        • Box 413 Folder 7
          Gh-Go.
        • Box 413 Folder 8
          Gr-Gz.
        • Box 413 Folder 9
          Ha-Han.
        • Box 414 Folder 1
          Har-Haz.
        • Box 414 Folder 2
          He.
        • Box 414 Folder 3
          Hening, George P., Injury to Eye.
        • Box 414 Folder 4
          Hi.
        • Box 414 Folder 5
          Ho.
      • Box 415.
        B.V.3. 1928-1929.

        Correspondence are housed in five folders and consist of telegrams received by the Superintendent.

        • Box 415 Folder 1
          Telegrams, August 1928.
        • Box 415 Folder 2
          Telegrams, January-March 1929.
        • Box 415 Folder 3
          Telegrams, April-July 1929.
        • Box 415 Folder 4
          Correspondence, 1929.
        • Box 415 Folder 5
          Conference, State Convict Road Force, 1929.
      • Box 415.
        B.V.4. 1930-1931.

        Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court correspondence are housed in one folder.

        • Box 415 Folder 6
          Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court, 1930-1931.
      • Boxes 416-439.
        B.V.5. 1931-1934.

        Correspondence are arranged alphabetically by first letter of surname of correspondent and/or subject, then reverse chronological order therein. This is the most detailed and complete group of Superintendent Youell's correspondence. Subjects include: clemency requests and prisoner inquiries (primarily from family members), applications for employment as guard (large number of applicants re: Great Depression), prison labor (contracts with Fibercraft Chair Company and National Pants Company), Hawes-Cooper Bill (literature from American Prison Association, correspondence with other state prison wardens and impact on Penitentiary), State Convict Road Force and location of road camps (State Highway Department).

        Notable correspondents include : Attorney General of Virginia; State Prison Board; State Board of Public Welfare (Arthur James); Harry F. Byrd; E.R. Cass, General Secretary, American Prison Association; R.R. Penn, Supt., State Farm; Governor John Garland Pollard; State Highway Department; personal correspondence of William R. McCraw, State Prison Board Secretary; and personal correspondence of Superintendent Rice M. Youell.

        Notable correspondence include : Correspondence Regarding Renewing of Contracts, 1929-1932 [Fibercraft Chair Company and National Pants Company] (b421, f4); escape reports from State Convict Road Force, 1931 and 1932 (b423, f5); termination of Penitentiary contract with Fibercraft Chair Company (b423, f10 and 11); confidential statement on the prison labor situation, Rice Youell to State Prison Board, 24 January 1933 re: Hawes-Cooper Bill (b425, f9); L.H. Jones, Asst. Superintendent, State Convict Road Force, outlining improvements to Camp 5, 20 August 1932 (b427, f4); L.H. Jones, Assistant Supt., State Convict Road Force, reports from camp visits, escapes, etc., see investigative report on charges brought against L.H. Jones by Robert Merritt, 27735, 14 March 1932, 1931-1933 (b427, f7); H.G. Shirley, Chairman, Highway Commission, re: reports on explosion of dynamite at Camp 4, 16 December 1931 (b434, f6); correspondence from death row prisoners selecting their spiritual advisor, 1922-1933 (b435, f6); B.V. Van Horn, Chef-Instructor, report on conditions in the Penitentiary kitchen, ca. January 1933 (b436, f10); William McCraw to Mary Margaret re: platonic nature of relationship, 16 March 1934, apology letter, 12 July 1933, 13 June 1933, 2 Jun 1933, (b438, f8); Christmas cards to McCraw, 20 December 1935, 22 December 1932, 21 December 1932, (b438, f8-f9); Youell - Personal correspondence, VMI alum related correspondence (b439); Captain Mahlon G. Frost requesting affidavit from Major Youell describing Frost's World War I injuries, needed for disability claim, 6 February 1933 (b439, f2); Youell served in the 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry; Third Machine Gun Battalion and 1st Machine Gun Battalion-see 17 November 1932 (b439, f2).

        • Box 416 Folder 1
          A-An, 25 January 1934 to 1 June 1932.
        • Box 416 Folder 2
          A-An, 13 May 1932 to 7 October 1931.
        • Box 416 Folder 3
          American Prison Association.
        • Box 416 Folder 4
          Anderson, William, 19152, Escape in Newark, New Jersey.
        • Box 416 Folder 5
          Applications for Employment (part one).
        • Box 416 Folder 6
          Applications for Employment (part two).
        • Box 416 Folder 7
          Applications for Employment (part three).
        • Box 416 Folder 8
          Applications for Employment (part four).
        • Box 417 Folder 1
          Applications for Employment (part five).
        • Box 417 Folder 2
          Applications for Employment (part six).
        • Box 417 Folder 3
          Applications for Employment (part seven).
        • Box 417 Folder 4
          Applications for Employment (part eight).
        • Box 417 Folder 5
          Applications for Employment (part nine).
        • Box 417 Folder 6
          Ar-Az.
        • Box 418 Folder 1
          Attorney General of Virginia.
        • Box 418 Folder 2
          Attorney General of Virginia, Opinion on the Running of Sentences.
        • Box 418 Folder 3
          Attorney General of Virginia [1925-1932] (part one).
        • Box 418 Folder 4
          Attorney General of Virginia [1925-1932] (part two).
        • Box 418 Folder 5
          Ba-Ban.
        • Box 418 Folder 6
          Bar-Baz.
        • Box 418 Folder 7
          Be.
        • Box 418 Folder 8
          C.E. Beckner, 16663.
        • Box 418 Folder 9
          Bi.
        • Box 418 Folder 10
          Bl.
        • Box 419 Folder 1
          Bo.
        • Box 419 Folder 2
          State Prison Board.
        • Box 419 Folder 3
          State Board of Public Welfare (part one).
        • Box 419 Folder 4
          State Board of Public Welfare (part two).
        • Box 419 Folder 5
          Bra-Bri.
        • Box 419 Folder 6
          J.H. Bradford, Director of the Budget.
        • Box 420 Folder 1
          Bro-Brz (part one).
        • Box 420 Folder 2
          Bro-Brz (part two).
        • Box 420 Folder 3
          Bu-By (part one).
        • Box 420 Folder 4
          Bu-By (part two).
        • Box 420 Folder 5
          Caf-Cap.
        • Box 420 Folder 6
          Cafsky, William, Case of, 25044.
        • Box 420 Folder 7
          Jessie Calloway, 27009.
        • Box 420 Folder 8
          Ted Calver, 24376.
        • Box 420 Folder 9
          Car-Caz (part one).
        • Box 420 Folder 10
          Car-Caz (part two).
        • Box 421 Folder 1
          Ch.
        • Box 421 Folder 2
          Ci-Cl.
        • Box 421 Folder 3
          Coa-Con.
        • Box 421 Folder 4
          Correspondence Regarding Renewing of Contracts, 1929-1932 (Fibercraft Chair Company and National Pants Company).
        • Box 421 Folder 5
          Contract for Working Jail Prisoners in Washington County.
        • Box 421 Folder 6
          State Convict Road Force.
        • Box 421 Folder 7
          Spencer Conquest, 16989, Escape in Atlantic City, NJ.
        • Box 421 Folder 8
          Coo-Coz.
        • Box 421 Folder 9
          Cook for Road Camp.
        • Box 422 Folder 1
          Cr-Cu (part one).
        • Box 422 Folder 2
          Cr-Cu (part two).
        • Box 422 Folder 3
          Walter Croft, 25848.
        • Box 422 Folder 4
          Da.
        • Box 422 Folder 5
          De.
        • Box 422 Folder 6
          James Dean, 26493, Escape in Raiford, Florida.
        • Box 422 Folder 7
          Joe S. Devlis, 20189, Escape (1928).
        • Box 422 Folder 8
          Di.
        • Box 422 Folder 9
          Do.
        • Box 422 Folder 10
          Dr-Dy.
        • Box 423 Folder 1
          Ea-El.
        • Box 423 Folder 2
          Em-Ez.
        • Box 423 Folder 3
          Ancum English, Escape in Baltimore, MD.
        • Box 423 Folder 4
          Henry Estep, 25876, Escape-Gate City, VA.
        • Box 423 Folder 5
          Escape Reports for Stripes, 1931-1932 (State Convict Road Force).
        • Box 423 Folder 6
          Escapes.
        • Box 423 Folder 7
          Fa-Fe.
        • Box 423 Folder 8
          Fells, Madison, 16914, Escape of.
        • Box 423 Folder 9
          Fi-Fl.
        • Box 423 Folder 10
          Fibercraft Chair Company (part one).
        • Box 423 Folder 11
          Fibercraft Chair Company (part two).
        • Box 424 Folder 1
          Decision of Supreme Court regarding time to be served for fines, 1922-1924.
        • Box 424 Folder 2
          Fisher, Harry, 26255, Escaped in Morgantown, WV.
        • Box 424 Folder 3
          Fo.
        • Box 424 Folder 4
          Fr-Fu.
        • Box 424 Folder 5
          Ga-Ge.
        • Box 424 Folder 6
          Gaines, Emmet, 21212, Escape, Serving time in Moundsville, WV.
        • Box 424 Folder 7
          Gi-Gl.
        • Box 424 Folder 8
          Go.
        • Box 424 Folder 9
          Gr-Gw.
        • Box 424 Folder 10
          Green, Ben, 18093, Escape, Captured in Tampa, Florida.
        • Box 424 Folder 11
          Green, Charles, 22018, alias Clyde Lowery, Escape in North Carolina.
        • Box 425 Folder 1
          Ha-Hal.
        • Box 425 Folder 2
          Ham-Har (part one).
        • Box 425 Folder 3
          Ham-Har (part two).
        • Box 425 Folder 4
          Hardy, Eldridge, 26226, Escape.
        • Box 425 Folder 5
          Haird, James M., 15958, in custody, Leavenworth Penitentiary.
        • Box 425 Folder 6
          Hairston, Sam, 23365.
        • Box 425 Folder 7
          Harris, Alger, Escape of.
        • Box 425 Folder 8
          Has-Haz.
        • Box 425 Folder 9
          Hawes-Cooper Bill (part one).
        • Box 426 Folder 1
          Hawes-Cooper Bill (part two).
        • Box 426 Folder 2
          Bills on Hawes-Cooper Bill.
        • Box 426 Folder 3
          Hawes-Cooper Bill Cases.
        • Box 426 Folder 4
          Hawes-Cooper Bill, Opinion in Reference to.
        • Box 426 Folder 5
          He.
        • Box 426 Folder 6
          Hi.
        • Box 426 Folder 7
          Carl Hightower, 27561, Wanted by McNeil Island, Washington.
        • Box 426 Folder 8
          Ho-Hol.
        • Box 426 Folder 9
          Hom-Hoz.
        • Box 426 Folder 10
          Hu.
        • Box 427 Folder 1
          I.
        • Box 427 Folder 2
          Ja-Je.
        • Box 427 Folder 3
          Jo (part one).
        • Box 427 Folder 4
          Jo (part two).
        • Box 427 Folder 5
          Burnham Johnson, 19418, Escape, Harlan, Kentucky.
        • Box 427 Folder 6
          G.S. Jones, Guard Discharged, Camp 7.
        • Box 427 Folder 7
          L.H. Jones, Assistant Superintendent.
        • Box 427 Folder 8
          Ju.
        • Box 427 Folder 9
          Ka.
        • Box 427 Folder 10
          Ke.
        • Box 427 Folder 11
          Ki-Kl.
        • Box 427 Folder 12
          Kn-Ky.
        • Box 427 Folder 13
          Everett Kreiter, 22576, Escape in Kentucky State Reformatory.
        • Box 428 Folder 1
          La.
        • Box 428 Folder 2
          Andrew L. Latil, 15293, Escaped Convict in California Prison.
        • Box 428 Folder 3
          Le.
        • Box 428 Folder 4
          Lee County, Camp In.
        • Box 428 Folder 5
          Li.
        • Box 428 Folder 6
          Lo.
        • Box 428 Folder 7
          Lu-Ly.
        • Box 428 Folder 8
          Maa-Map.
        • Box 428 Folder 9
          Edward Mabes, 23183.
        • Box 428 Folder 10
          Mar-Maz
        • Box 429 Folder 1
          McA-McF.
        • Box 429 Folder 2
          McG-McZ.
        • Box 429 Folder 3
          Me.
        • Box 429 Folder 4
          Mi (part one).
        • Box 429 Folder 5
          Mi (part two).
        • Box 429 Folder 6
          Moa-Mop.
        • Box 429 Folder 7
          Money - Law regarding disposition of deceased prisoners.
        • Box 429 Folder 8
          Mor-Moz.
        • Box 429 Folder 9
          L.J. Mordy, 27827, Escaped Convict in Tennessee.
        • Box 430 Folder 1
          Movies.
        • Box 430 Folder 2
          Mo-My.
        • Walter Murray, 21285 - See Wm. E. Walker.
        • Box 430 Folder 3
          Na-Ne.
        • Box 430 Folder 4
          National Pants Company.
        • Box 430 Folder 5
          Ni-Ny.
        • Box 430 Folder 6
          O.
        • Box 430 Folder 7
          Ovens, Bid on.
        • Box 430 Folder 8
          Pa (part one).
        • Box 431 Folder 1
          Pa (part two).
        • Box 431 Folder 2
          Pe-Ph.
        • Box 431 Folder 3
          Floyd Pearson, 21525, Escape in the U.S. Penitentiary at Atlanta.
        • Box 431 Folder 4
          B. Penmont, 26464, Wanted by Greensboro, NC.
        • Box 431 Folder 5
          R.R. Penn, Superintendent, State Farm (part one).
        • Box 431 Folder 6
          R.R. Penn, Superintendent, State Farm (part two).
        • Box 431 Folder 7
          R.R. Penn, Superintendent, State Farm (part three).
        • Box 432 Folder 1
          Pi-Po (part one).
        • Box 432 Folder 2
          Pi-Po (part two).
        • Box 432 Folder 3
          Governor John Garland Pollard (part one).
        • Box 432 Folder 4
          Governor John Garland Pollard (part two).
        • Box 432 Folder 5
          Pr-Pu.
        • Box 432 Folder 6
          Prison Industries.
        • Box 433 Folder 1
          Ra-Re.
        • Box 433 Folder 2
          Rh-Ri.
        • Box 433 Folder 3
          W.B. Rice, Record Clerk, Virginia State Penitentiary (part one).
        • Box 433 Folder 4
          W.B. Rice, Record Clerk, Virginia State Penitentiary (part two).
        • Box 433 Folder 5
          Cepeas Richardson, 30529, Escape in Attica, NY.
        • Box 433 Folder 6
          Ro.
        • Box 433 Folder 7
          Earl Ross, 23967, Escape in Concord, New Hampshire.
        • Box 433 Folder 8
          Ru-Ry.
        • Box 434 Folder 1
          Sa (part one).
        • Box 434 Folder 2
          Sa (part two).
        • Box 434 Folder 3
          Salaries Paid By Other Institutions.
        • Box 434 Folder 4
          Sc.
        • Box 434 Folder 5
          Se-Si (part one).
        • Box 434 Folder 6
          Se-Si (part two).
        • Box 434 Folder 7
          List of Sergeants and Camps.
        • Box 434 Folder 8
          Frank Shayne, 14759, Escape in Western Penitentiary, Pittsburg.
        • Box 434 Folder 9
          Sl-Sm (part one).
        • Box 435 Folder 1
          Sl-Sm (part two).
        • Box 435 Folder 2
          Howard Slye, 27713, Escape in Kentucky.
        • Box 435 Folder 3
          Joe Smith, 22017, Escape in North Carolina Penitentiary.
        • Box 435 Folder 4
          Sn-Sp.
        • Box 435 Folder 5
          Specifications for Hosiery and Underwear Knitting Mill.
        • Box 435 Folder 6
          Spiritual Advisors, Men under Death Sentence, 1922-1933.
        • Box 435 Folder 7
          St (part one).
        • Box 435 Folder 8
          St (part two).
        • Box 435 Folder 9
          Ralph W. Stewart, 18155, Escape in Kansas.
        • Box 435 Folder 10
          State Highway Department (part one).
        • Box 435 Folder 11
          State Highway Department (part two).
        • Box 436 Folder 1
          Su-Sz.
        • Box 436 Folder 2
          Ta-Te.
        • Box 436 Folder 3
          John Henry Terry, 20769, to be gotten from Allegheny County Workhouse, Blawnox, PA.
        • Box 436 Folder 4
          Textile Plant.
        • Box 436 Folder 5
          Th-To.
        • Box 436 Folder 6
          R.E. Thomas, 16676, alias Albert Smith, 56022, Escape in Ohio Penitentiary.
        • Box 436 Folder 7
          Tr-Tz (part one).
        • Box 436 Folder 8
          Tr-Tz (part two).
        • Box 436 Folder 9
          U.
        • Box 436 Folder 10
          V.
        • Box 437 Folder 1
          Wa (part one).
        • Box 437 Folder 2
          Wa (part two).
        • Box 437 Folder 3
          Joe Walker, 27819, alias John Frazier, Wanted by Kilby Prison, Alabama.
        • Box 437 Folder 4
          Wm. E. Walker, 21283, Escape in Atlanta.
        • Box 437 Folder 5
          Warden Association.
        • Box 437 Folder 6
          We.
        • Box 437 Folder 7
          Wh.
        • Box 437 Folder 8
          Criss White (assignment).
        • Box 437 Folder 9
          Scott White, 20430, alias James Brown, State Prison, Trenton, N.J.
        • Box 438 Folder 1
          Wi (part one).
        • Box 438 Folder 2
          Wi (part two).
        • Box 438 Folder 3
          Charley Williams, 23355, Escape in New York.
        • Box 438 Folder 4
          Frank Williams, 12293, Escape in Nebraska.
        • Box 438 Folder 5
          Willie Williams, 17280, Escape in North Carolina Penitentiary.
        • Box 438 Folder 6
          Wo-Wy.
        • Box 438 Folder 7
          Y-Z.
        • Box 438 Folder 8
          William R. McCraw, State Prison Board Secretary - Personal (part one).
        • Box 438 Folder 9
          William R. McCraw, State Prison Board Secretary - Personal (part two).
        • Box 439 Folder 1
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal (part one).
        • Box 439 Folder 2
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal (part two).
        • Box 439 Folder 3
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal (part three).
      • Boxes 440-443.
        B.V.6. 1934-1937.

        Correspondence are arranged alphabetically by first letter of surname of correspondent and/or subject; then reverse chronological order therein. Only correspondence for surnames/subjects for A-C are extant. Subjects include: clemency requests and prisoner inquiries (primarily from family members); and applications for employment as guard.

        Notable correspondence include : correspondence between John Allen, 34186 (now a prisoner in Sing Sing Prison in New York) and Supt. Rice M.Youell, 12 March 1937, 1 December 1936, and 22 June 1936 (b440, f2); thank you letter written to Youell from M. Ball, former prisoner, 8 June 1934 (b440, f7); correspondence between Mary V. Bramble and Youell, re: it costs $5 to electrocute each prisoner 4, 14 February 1935 (b441, f7); re: George R. Drill, 17691, trusty who escaped State Farm in 1922, recaptured in 1935-Youell's "first mistake", 23 January 1935 and 10 January 1935 (b442, f1); and information on Convict Road Camps, 4 June 1936 (b443, f1).

        • Box 440 Folder 1
          A-Ak.
        • Box 440 Folder 2
          Al-Am.
        • Box 440 Folder 3
          An-Ar.
        • Box 440 Folder 4
          Applications for Job in Print Shot.
        • Box 440 Folder 5
          As-Ay.
        • Box 440 Folder 6
          Ba-Ban (part one).
        • Box 440 Folder 7
          Ba-Ban (part two).
        • Box 440 Folder 8
          James Bailey, 21224, Escape in West Virginia.
        • Box 440 Folder 9
          Bar.
        • Box 441 Folder 1
          Bas-Bay.
        • Box 441 Folder 2
          Be.
        • Box 441 Folder 3
          Ber-Bi.
        • Box 441 Folder 4
          Bl.
        • Box 441 Folder 5
          Bo (part one).
        • Box 441 Folder 6
          Bo (part two).
        • Box 441 Folder 7
          Bra.
        • Box 442 Folder 1
          Bre-Bri.
        • Box 442 Folder 2
          Bro-Bry (part one).
        • Box 442 Folder 3
          Bro-Bry (part two).
        • Box 442 Folder 4
          Bu-By (part one).
        • Box 442 Folder 5
          Bu-By (part two).
        • Box 442 Folder 6
          Ca-Cam.
        • Box 443 Folder 1
          Ci-Co.
        • Box 443 Folder 2
          Cotton Mill.
        • Box 443 Folder 3
          Hugh Cox, 29848.
        • Box 443 Folder 4
          Cr.
        • Box 443 Folder 5
          Cu.
        • Box 443 Folder 6
          Lorenzie Fitchett, 34822, 1935.
        • Box 443 Folder 7
          Telegrams, 1937.
      • Boxes 444-453 and Oversize Box 2.
        B.V.7. Subject Files, 1931-1942.

        Correspondence are arranged primarily by subject; then reverse chronological therein. Subjects include: State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women in Goochland County, [Virginia] Commission on Methods of Sentencing and Releasing Offenders, convict labor, prison conditions, Southampton Farm, State Farm (Goochland County), and State Lime Plant, Staunton.

        Notable Correspondence include : report by Dr. Roy K. Flannagan, Assistant State Health Commission, on poor food served at the State Farm, 17 December 1936 (b444, f2); correspondence between Youell and State Prison Board concerning overcrowded conditions at the Penitentiary, 30 November 1936 (b444, f2); Program for the Virginia State Prison Board for the Improvement of the Virginia State Prison System during the 1936-1938 Biennium, undated (b444, f3); Report of Committee appointed by State Commissioner of Health to investigate and study the care, treatment and needs of tubercular cases at the State Farm, 7 June 1933 (b444, f3); General Statement of Virginia Prison Situation to be Presented to the Governor and the Budget Committee by Supt. Rice M. Youell, ca. 1938 (b444, f4); correspondence between Elizabeth M. Kates, Superintendent, State Industrial Farm for Women (Goochland Co.) and the State Prison Board/Supt. Youell, 1931-1927 - includes receipts, monthly reports, escape reports, (b444, f6-b445, f1-5); Agreement Between the State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland, Virginia and Virginia State Farm, State Farm, Virginia, 1934 (b445, f2); List of Employees and Offices of the State Farm for Women, 13 June 1933 (b445, f2); Employment recommendations for State Farm for Women, 7 December 1938 (b445, f3); water supply for State Farm for Women, 1938 (b445, f5); Southampton Farm, 1936-1940 (b450, f7-b451, f5); report of B.V. Van Horn, Dietician, to State Prison Board re: quality of food at State Farm, 4 January 1937 (b451, f6); State Farm School Report, Goochland County, 1934-1935, includes examples of writing by prisoners (b452, f1); and Report on State Farm to Virginia Prison Board, 1935 (b452, f4).

        • Box 444 Folder 1
          J-K, 1935-1939.
        • Box 444 Folder 2
          State Prison Board, 1933-1937.
        • Box 444 Folder 3
          State Prison Board, 1933-1937.
        • Box 444 Folder 4
          State Prison Board, 1937-1940.
        • Box 444 Folder 5
          State Prison Board, 1937-1940.
        • Box 444 Folder 6
          State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland (part one), 1931-1937.
        • Box 445 Folder 1
          State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland (part two), 1931-1937.
        • Box 445 Folder 2
          State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland (part three), 1931-1937.
        • Box 445 Folder 3
          State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland (part one), 1937-1939.
        • Box 445 Folder 4
          State Prison Board, State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland (part two), 1937-1939.
        • Box 445 Folder 5
          State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland, Water Supply, 1938.
        • Box 446 Folder 1
          State Prison Board, Automobile Insurance, 1935-1936.
        • Box 446 Folder 2
          State Prison Board, Automobile Insurance, 1940.
        • Box 446 Folder 3
          Miscellaneous Correspondence (part one), 1939-1941.
        • Box 446 Folder 4
          Miscellaneous Correspondence (part two), 1939-1941.
        • Box 446 Folder 5
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part one), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 1
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part two), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 2
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part three), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 3
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part four), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 4
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part five), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 5
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part six), 1936-1941.
        • Box 447 Folder 6
          Oath of Office, Guards and Employees (part seven), 1936-1941.
        • Box 448 Folder 1
          Association of States, Signatory to the Prison Compact (part one), 1935-1937.
        • Box 448 Folder 2
          Association of States, Signatory to the Prison Compact (part two), 1935-1937.
        • Box 448 Folder 3
          Attorney General, 1933-1938.
        • Box 448 Folder 4
          Catawba Sanatorium, 1939-1940.
        • Box 448 Folder 5
          Commission on Methods of Sentencing and Releasing Offenders (part one), 1932-1934, 1938.
        • Box 448 Folder 6
          Commission on Methods of Sentencing and Releasing Offenders (part two), 1932-1934, 1938.
        • Box 448 Folder 7
          Convict Labor (part one), 1933-1934.
        • Box 448 Folder 8
          Convict Labor (part two), 1933-1934.
        • Box 449 Folder 1
          Contract with Virginia Beach for Camp, 1932-1933.
        • Box 449 Folder 2
          Governor George C. Peery (part one), 1933-1937.
        • Box 449 Folder 3
          Governor George C. Peery (part two), 1933-1937.
        • Box 449 Folder 4
          Louthan, Frank, 1934-1935.
        • Box 449 Folder 5
          Movies, 1933-1937.
        • Box 449 Folder 6
          N.R.A., 1934-1935.
        • Box 449 Folder 7
          New Construction, Main Prison, 1937-1939.
        • Box 449 Folder 8
          New Construction, Women's Farm, 1937-1939.
        • Oversize Box 2 Folder 3
          Blueprints, Water Supply Improvements at State Industrial Farm for Women, Goochland County, Va., 14 September 1932.
        • Box 450 Folder 1
          [Non-Support Cases], 1936, 1937 and 1939.
        • Box 450 Folder 2
          Office of the Governor, 1937-1942.
        • Box 450 Folder 3
          Office of the Governor, 1937-1942.
        • Box 450 Folder 4
          Office of the Governor, 1937-1942.
        • Box 450 Folder 5
          Power House, Penitentiary, 1938-1939.
        • Box 450 Folder 6
          Presentations and Speeches, 1934-1935, 1938-1939 and undated.
        • Box 450 Folder 7
          Purchase of Property for Southampton Farm, 1936-1939.
        • Box 451 Folder 1
          Southampton Farm, Edward F. Gillette, 1936-1938.
        • Box 451 Folder 2
          Southampton Farm, Electric Power Line, 1938.
        • Box 451 Folder 3
          Southampton Farm, K.N. Ellis, 1938-1939.
        • Box 451 Folder 4
          Southampton Farm, Correspondence, 1937-1940.
        • Box 451 Folder 5
          Southampton Farm, Correspondence, 1937-1940.
        • Box 451 Folder 6
          State Farm, 1933-1938.
        • Box 451 Folder 7
          State Farm, 1933-1938.
        • Box 452 Folder 1
          State Farm, 1933-1938.
        • Box 452 Folder 2
          State Farm, Proposed Hospital Improvements, 27 August 1934.
        • Oversize Box 2 Folder 3
          Blueprints, Carneal, Johnston and Wright, Proposed Hospital Improvements at State Farm, Goochland County, Va. (four sheets), 27 August 1934.
        • Box 452 Folder 3
          State Lime Plant, Staunton, Correspondence, 1937-1940.
        • Box 452 Folder 4
          Virginia Prison Board, Report on State Farm, 1935.
        • Box 452 Folder 5
          State Highway Department, 1934-1940.
        • Box 452 Folder 6
          State Highway Department, 1934-1940.
        • Box 452 Folder 7
          State Highway Department, 1934-1940.
        • Box 453 Folder 1
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal, 1937-1940.
        • Box 453 Folder 2
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal, 1937-1940.
        • Box 453 Folder 3
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal, 1937-1940.
        • Box 453 Folder 4
          Superintendent Rice M. Youell - Personal, 1937-1940.
        • Oversize Box 2 Folder 3
          Photograph of Prison Welfare Association Dinner, Bellevue-Stratford Hotel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 October 1937.
    • Boxes 454-477 and Oversize Box 2.
      Series IV.B.VI. Superintendent's Files, 1934-1990 (bulk 1940-1970).

      The Office of the Superintendent Files are housed in 24 boxes and is arranged primarily alphabetical by first letter of name and/or subject. This series primarily contains records from several superintendents including. Rice M. Youell (1922-1942), W. Frank Smyth, Jr. (1942-1960) and W.K. Cunningham (1960-1963).

      Youell served as Superintendent until 1942 when he was selected as the first Commissioner of Corrections. In 1948 he was named director of the reorganized corrections division, a position he held until his retirement in 1960.

      W. Frank Smyth, Jr. was born in Washington County, Virginia on 22 September 1894. Smyth grew up in Richmond and entered the National Guard in 1916 serving on the Mexican boarder and World War I. In 1919 Smyth was hired as the superintendent of the state lime grinding plant in Staunton, Virginia. He later served as the special agent of the state convict road force and was named assistant superintendent at the Penitentiary in December 1936. In 1942 Smyth was promoted to superintendent, a position he held until 1960 when he succeeded Youell as director of the entire penal system. He retired in 1965. Smyth was elected president of the American Prison Association in 1947. Smyth married Clara James Withcer in 1944 and had one daughter. Smyth died on 21 April 1981.

      W.K. (William Kenneth) Cunningham, Jr. was born in Virginia on 11 December 1915. He joined the penitentiary's industrial department in 1939. He served in the Navy from 1942 to 1945. He resumed his duties at the Penitentiary after his discharge. In 1950 he became superintendent of the Southampton Farm. He was promoted to assistant superintendent at the Penitentiary in 1955, superintendent in 1960 and head of the correctional system in 1965. Cunningham died on 2 January 2011.

      Subjects include: budgets, prison escapes, convict labor for farm work during World War II, education, medical studies on prisoners, administration of medical care for prisoners, Southern States Prison Association, Penal Industries Association; American Prison Association and prison labor and industries.

      Notable Correspondence include : location of Convict Camps, 28 March 1944 (b457, f1); Bulletins on Convict Farm Labor Assistance from Highway Department, 30 June 1944 (b457, f1) and 21 July 1943 (b457, f2); Corrections Bulletins, 1956-1965 (b457, f3); Released Data Sheet form March-May 1963 that contains prisoner information, institutional work assignment, released to, educational level, general health and conduct (b458, f1); Road Camp Mailing List, 6 June 1946 (b459, f1); correspondence related to Shirley Controversy (H.G. Shirley, State Highway Commissioner, recommended the abolition of the convict road camps (b459, f2); copy of orientation talk given to new prisoners, written by Austin M. Grigg, Psychologist, 2 July 1946 (b460, f1); organizational charge for Prison Industries, undated (b461, f1); proposed building layouts, 9 May 1961 (b461, f3); progress report of prison industries by Carroll R. Proctor, 23 April 1959 (b461, f3); progress report of prison industries by C.R. Proctor, 2 March 1959 (b461, f3); minutes of the Institutional Apprenticeship Committee of the Virginia State Penitentiary (b461, f5); minutes of Industrial Department meetings, 1955-1963 (b464, f2); correspondence between W. Frank Smyth, Jr. and William Sands Meacham, Associate Editor, Norfolk-Virginian Pilot, 1940-1955 (b465, f6); lists of guards and years of service, 1951 and guard's petition for salary increase, 1953 (b466, f5); guard's petition for salary increase, 1943 (b466, f6); memorandums for the files of individual guards (b467, f3); testimony of James Richard Page, 87913, on his attempted escape and conditions in the penitentiary, 1966 (b468, f5); and "A History of the Virginia State Farm", thesis by C.C. Bowles, Jr., May 1960 (b477, f4).

      • Box 454 Folder 1
        Monthly Activities Report, 1967-1970.
      • Box 454 Folder 2
        Monthly Activities Report, 1967-1970.
      • Box 454 Folder 3
        Air Conditioning Units, 1956, 1972.
      • Box 454 Folder 4
        Auditing Dept. (State), 1940-1958.
      • Box 454 Folder 5
        Bennett, James V. (Federal Bureau of Prisons), 1946-1967.
      • Box 454 Folder 6
        Braille Transcribing Material, 1962.
      • Box 454 Folder 7
        Budget Exhibit, 1966-1968 and 1968-1970.
      • Box 455 Folder 1
        Budget Exhibits, 1968-1970 and 1970-1972.
      • Box 455 Folder 2
        Budget Projections, 1966-1969.
      • Box 455 Folder 3
        C Cell Reports, 1967-1968.
      • Box 455 Folder 4
        Captain of the guards, 1943-1959.
      • Box 455 Folder 5
        Carwile, Howard H., 1945.
      • Box 456 Folder 1
        Charitable Contributions (Red Cross, Community Fund, Polio), 1940-1955.
      • Box 456 Folder 2
        Charitable Contributions (Red Cross, Community Fund, Polio), 1940-1955.
      • Box 456 Folder 3
        Civilian Defense, 1952-1963.
      • Box 456 Folder 4
        Counselors Inst. Staff Meetings, 1968-1969.
      • Box 456 Folder 5
        (6th) Citizenship Conference, 1951.
      • Box 456 Folder 6
        Commissary Exchange, 1942-1958.
      • Box 456 Folder 7
        "Common Glory" and Jamestown Festival, 1947-1957.
      • Box 456 Folder 8
        Prisoner Interest Fund, 1952-1963.
      • Box 456 Folder 9
        Conference Management and Maintenance of State Agencies and Institutions, 1943-1951.
      • Box 457 Folder 1
        Convict Labor on Farms, 1942-1946.
      • Box 457 Folder 2
        Convict Labor on Farms, 1942-1946.
      • Box 457 Folder 3
        Corrections Bulletins, 1956-1965.
      • Box 457 Folder 4
        Employment Service, 1960-1969.
      • Box 457 Folder 5
        Educational Department, 1965-1969.
      • Box 457 Folder 6
        Educational Department, 1965-1969.
      • Box 458 Folder 1
        Educational Department, 1940-1964.
      • Box 458 Folder 2
        Educational Department, 1940-1964.
      • Box 458 Folder 3
        Educational Department, 1940-1964.
      • Box 458 Folder 4
        Surplus Property for Educational Purposes, 1950-1964.
      • Box 458 Folder 5
        State Department of Welfare and Institutions, Fiscal Director, 1944-1967.
      • Box 458 Folder 6
        Garbage Reports, 1950-1968.
      • Box 458 Folder 7
        Department of Highways, 1946-1949.
      • Box 459 Folder 1
        Department of Highways, 1946-1949.
      • Box 459 Folder 2
        Department of Highways, Shirley Controversy, 1934-1936.
      • Box 459 Folder 3
        Department of Highways, 1940-1945.
      • Box 459 Folder 4
        Department of Highways, 1940-1945.
      • Box 459 Folder 5
        Department of Highways, 1940-1945.
      • Box 459 Folder 6
        Hospital and Psychiatric, 1941-1960.
      • Box 460 Folder 1
        Hospital and Psychiatric, 1941-1960.
      • Box 460 Folder 2
        Hospital, 1950-1960.
      • Box 460 Folder 3
        Hospital, 1950-1960.
      • Box 460 Folder 4
        Hospital, 1950-1960.
      • Industrial Department
        • Box 461 Folder 1
          Director, Department of Corrections, Industrial, 1942-1950.
        • Box 461 Folder 2
          Proctor, C.R., Superintendent of Industries, 1959-1969.
        • Box 461 Folder 3
          Proctor, C.R., Superintendent of Industries, 1959-1969.
        • Box 461 Folder 4
          Gentry, C.R., Mechanical Engineer, 1950-1971.
        • Box 461 Folder 5
          Apprenticeship Committee, Institution, 1960-1966.
        • Box 461 Folder 6
          Applications, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1949-1966.
        • Box 462 Folder 1
          Bed Factory, 1957-1958.
        • Box 462 Folder 2
          Bonus, Industrial Department, 1953-1961.
        • Box 462 Folder 3
          Book Binding Study, 1958-1961.
        • Box 462 Folder 4
          Catalog, Penitentiary Industrial Department, 1956-1957, 1965.
        • Box 462 Folder 5
          Clothing Shop, 1950-1963.
        • Box 462 Folder 6
          Construction Project, 1950.
        • Box 462 Folder 7
          Custodial Uniforms, 1956, 1962-1963.
        • Box 462 Folder 8
          Feed Mill, State Farm, 1958-1960.
        • Box 462 Folder 9
          Griggs, A.V., Industrial Department, 1942-1959.
        • Box 462 Folder 10
          Hobbies, Industrial, 1962-1964.
        • Box 462 Folder 11
          Industrial Department, General Correspondence (Production Reports, etc.), 1950-1965.
        • Box 462 Folder 12
          Industrial Department, General Correspondence (Production Reports, etc.), 1950-1965.
        • Box 463 Folder 1
          Lee, W. Carter, Superintendent of Industries, 1942-1967.
        • Box 463 Folder 2
          Lee, W. Carter, Superintendent of Industries, 1942-1967.
        • Box 463 Folder 3
          Lee, W. Carter, Superintendent of Industries, 1942-1967.
        • Box 463 Folder 4
          Lee, W. Carter, Superintendent of Industries, 1942-1967.
        • Box 463 Folder 5
          Laundry, State Farm, 1957-1970.
        • Box 464 Folder 1
          Metal Shop, 1957-1967.
        • Box 464 Folder 2
          Minutes of Industrial Staff Meetings, 1955-1963.
        • Box 464 Folder 3
          Paint Factory, 1957.
        • Box 464 Folder 4
          Pants Factory, State Farm, 1955-1958.
        • Box 464 Folder 5
          Print Shop, 1941-1968.
        • Box 464 Folder 6
          Print Shop, 1941-1968.
        • Box 464 Folder 7
          Prison Labor, Survey, W.F. Smyth, Jr., 1952-1954.
        • Box 464 Folder 8
          Prison Made Signs on Federal Highways, 1960.
        • Box 464 Folder 9
          Shoe Factor, Industrial, 1954-1961.
        • Box 464 Folder 10
          Soap Plant, 1958-1961.
        • Box 464 Folder 11
          Steel, 1948-1958.
        • Box 465 Folder 1
          Tag Plant, 1957-1966.
        • Box 465 Folder 2
          Woodworking Shop, 1953-1969.
        • Box 465 Folder 3
          Woodworking Shop, 1953-1969.
        • Box 465 Folder 4
          Smyth, W. Frank, Jr., Director, Division of Corrections, 1955-1963.
      • Box 465 Folder 5
        Medical, 1961-1962.
      • Box 465 Folder 6
        Meacham, William S., 1940-1955.
      • Box 465 Folder 7
        Medical, Nurses and Surveys, 1939-1949.
      • Box 465 Folder 8
        Medical, Nurses and Surveys, 1939-1949.
      • Box 465 Folder 9
        National Advisory Council on Correctional Manpower and Training/National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1966-1968.
      • Box 466 Folder 1
        National Advisory Council on Correctional Manpower and Training/National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1966-1968.
      • Box 466 Folder 2
        National Advisory Council on Correctional Manpower and Training/National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1966-1968.
      • Box 466 Folder 3
        The Osborne Association, Inc., 1940-1958.
      • Personnel
        • Box 466 Folder 4
          Policies, Hours, Holidays, etc. (State Convict Road Force), 1943-1949.
        • Box 466 Folder 5
          Guards' Petitions for Salary Increases, etc., 1941-1966.
        • Box 466 Folder 6
          Guards' Petitions for Salary Increases, etc., 1941-1966.
        • Oversize Box 2 Folder 3
          List of Guards on Active Duty According to Date Employed (2 sheets), 18 January 1954.
        • Oversize Box 2 Folder 3
          Petition to Richard Copeland, Rice M. Youell and W. Frank Smyth, Jr. from Guards, Clerks and Guard Officers employed at the Penitentiary requesting a 5 day, 40 hour work week, ca. 7 July 1953.
        • Box 467 Folder 1
          Supervisor of Personnel, 1952-1958.
        • Box 467 Folder 2
          State Director of Personnel, 1944-1967.
        • Box 467 Folder 3
          Personnel Problems, 1943-1961.
        • Box 467 Folder 4
          Holidays and Hours of Work, 1951-1969.
        • Box 467 Folder 5
          Supv. And Information, 1958-1965.
        • Box 467 Folder 6
          Job Description, 1945-1958.
        • Box 467 Folder 7
          Information Given New Employees, 1960-1961.
        • Box 467 Folder 8
          Temperament Tests, 1962-1969.
        • Box 467 Folder 9
          Health, 1946-1960.
        • Box 468 Folder 1
          Employment of Negro Personnel, 1965.
        • Box 468 Folder 2
          Service Ratings/How to Grade, 1943-1960.
        • Box 468 Folder 3
          Salary Schedules, ca. 1957-1960.
        • Box 468 Folder 4
          Job Specifications, ca. 1956-1957.
        • Box 468 Folder 5
          Page, James Richard, No. 87913, 1966.
        • Box 468 Folder 6
          Statement of Absence of Employees, 1951-1961.
        • Box 468 Folder 7
          Correspondence, W.F. Smyth, Jr., 1944-1951.
      • Box 469 Folder 1
        Perquisites in State Institutions, 1945-1951.
      • Box 469 Folder 2
        Prison Laws, 1942-1966.
      • Box 469 Folder 3
        "The Virginian", 1943-1965.
      • Box 469 Folder 4
        The Public Welfare Worker, 1950-1963.
      • Box 469 Folder 5
        National Service Award Presentation, etc., 1943.
      • Box 469 Folder 6
        Authorization to Purchase Personal Services that May Be Performed, 1934-1966.
      • Box 469 Folder 7
        Salary Schedules Not Used By This Agency, ca. 1958.
      • Box 469 Folder 8
        Southern States Prison Association Program Committee, 1952, 1964.
      • Box 469 Folder 9
        Penal Industries Association, 1942-1962.
      • Box 470 Folder 1
        Southern States Deputy Warden's Association, 1956-1963.
      • Box 470 Folder 2
        Institute for Custodial Officers, 1953-1959.
      • Box 470 Folder 3
        Wardens' Association, 1942-1966.
      • Box 470 Folder 4
        Southern States Prison Conference, 1965.
      • Box 470 Folder 5
        Southern States Prison Association/Southern States Prison Congress, 1941-1965.
      • Box 470 Folder 6
        Southern States Prison Association/Southern States Prison Congress, 1941-1965.
      • Box 470 Folder 7
        Southern States Prison Association/Southern States Prison Congress, 1941-1965.
      • Box 471 Folder 1
        Southern States Prison Association/Southern States Prison Congress, 1941-1965.
      • Box 471 Folder 2
        Southern States Prison Association, Annual Meeting, 1962.
      • Box 471 Folder 3
        American Correctional Association, 1965-1973.
      • Box 471 Folder 4
        American Prison Association, Committee on Employment of Prisoners, 1945-1946.
      • Box 471 Folder 5
        American Prison Association, 1940-1946.
      • Box 471 Folder 6
        American Prison Association, 1940-1946.
      • Box 472 Folder 1
        American Prison Association, 1947-1950.
      • Box 472 Folder 2
        American Prison Association, 1947-1950.
      • Box 472 Folder 3
        American Prison Association, 1954-1963.
      • Box 472 Folder 4
        American Prison Association, 1954-1963.
      • Box 472 Folder 5
        American Prison Association, 1954-1963.
      • Jailmen
        • Box 473 Folder 1
          Jailmen - General File, 1960-1968.
        • Box 473 Folder 2
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, Prior to January 1961.
        • Box 473 Folder 3
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, Prior to January 1961.
        • Box 473 Folder 4
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1961-1962.
        • Box 473 Folder 5
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1961-1962.
        • Box 473 Folder 6
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1963-1964.
        • Box 474 Folder 1
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1963-1964.
        • Box 474 Folder 2
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1965.
        • Box 474 Folder 3
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1965.
        • Box 474 Folder 4
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1965.
        • Box 474 Folder 5
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1966.
        • Box 474 Folder 6
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1966.
        • Box 475 Folder 1
          Jailmen Released from Hospital, 1966.
        • Box 475 Folder 2
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1967.
        • Box 475 Folder 3
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1967.
        • Box 475 Folder 4
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1967.
        • Box 475 Folder 5
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1968.
        • Box 475 Folder 6
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1968.
        • Box 475 Folder 7
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1969.
        • Box 476 Folder 1
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1969.
        • Box 476 Folder 2
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1969.
        • Box 476 Folder 3
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1970.
        • Box 476 Folder 4
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1970.
        • Box 476 Folder 5
          Jail Prisoners Released from Hospital, 1970.
      • War Files
        • Box 477 Folder 1
          American Prison Association, Committee on Post-War Planning, 1944-1945.
        • Box 477 Folder 2
          Burke, W.H. (Major) C.M.P., Chief, Prison Industries Branch WPD, 1941-1944.
        • Box 477 Folder 3
          Correspondence, 1941-1943.
      • Box 477 Folder 4
        State Farm, 1956-1973.
      • Box 477 Folder 5
        General Correspondence, 1912-1963.
      • Box 477 Folder 6
        Maximum Security Building, Specifications, Virginia State Penitentiary, Commission No. 1236, Carneal and Johnston, 25 January 1950.
      • Superintendent's Correspondence, Binders
        • Box 477 Folder 7
          Reference Material and undated.
        • Box 477 Folder 8
          1943-1990.
    • Box 478.
      Series IV.B.VII. Commissioner of Public Welfare Files, 1924-1947.

      Correspondence are housed in one box. Subjects include: Charter, Prisoner Association, Industrial Schools; Jonathan Bryan Bequest to the Industrial Schools; Children's Bureau Receiving Home; and Receiving Home Property.

      • Box 478 Folder 1
        Charter, Prisoner Association, Industrial Schools, 1924-1941.
      • Box 478 Folder 2
        The Jonathan Bryan Bequest to the Industrial Schools, 1934-1947.
      • Box 478 Folder 3
        Children's Bureau Receiving Home, 1933-1937.
      • Box 478 Folder 4
        Receiving Home Property, 1943-1947.
    • Boxes 479-484.
      Series IV.B.VIII. Warden Raymond M. Muncy, 1987-1991.

      Warden Raymond M. Muncy's records are housed in six boxes and are further divided into Execution Files, Photographs and Videotapes, and Reports and Correspondence. The Execution Files are restricted for 50 years from date of execution. There are execution files for Richard Lee Whitley (executed 6 July 1987), Earl Clanton, Jr. (executed 14 April 1988), Alton Wayne (executed 30 August 1989), Richard Thomas Boggs (executed 19 July 1990), Wilbert Lee Evans (executed 17 October 1990) and Buddy Earl Justus (executed 13 December 1990) (b479). Each execution file contains a photograph taken prior to execution, list of visitors, list of witnesses to execution and an autopsy report. In addition, there are audio cassette narrations for the executions of Whitley, Wayne, Boggs and Evans (b480). On these recordings, an unidentified Dept. of Corrections employee provides an eye-witness narration of the execution. It is unknown why these recordings were made. Other notable records include: photographs of aftermath of 9 January 1983 riot at Virginia State Penitentiary (b481, f1); photographs of Penitentiary and Death House, 1991 (b481, f2); videotape of closing of Virginia State Penitentiary ceremony, 14 December 1990 (b481, f3); Research Report "Special Housing Unit Officer Study: Death Row and Death Watch Officers", 1989 (b481, f8); and copies of "Penitentiary Employees' News, 1989-1990 (b481, f9).

      • Execution Files
        • Box 479 Folder 1
          Execution
        • Box 479 Folder 2
          Richard Lee Whitley, 124625, executed 6 July 1987.
        • Box 479 Folder 3
          Earl Clanton, Jr., 123635 executed 14 April 1988.
        • Box 479 Folder 4
          Alton Wayne, 115422, executed 30 August 1989.
        • Box 479 Folder 5
          Richard Thomas Boggs, 139430, executed 19 July 1990.
        • Box 479 Folder 6
          Wilbert Lee Evans, 124549, executed 17 October 1990.
        • Box 479 Folder 7
          Buddy Earl Justus, 117767, executed 13 December 1990.
        • Box 480
          Cassette Tape narrating execution of Richard Lee Whitley, 124625, executed 6 July 1987
        • Box 480
          Cassette Tape narrating execution of Alton Wayne, 115422, executed 30 August 1989
        • Box 480
          Cassette Tape narrating execution of Richard Thomas Boggs, 139430, executed 19 July 1990
        • Box 480
          Cassette Tape narrating execution of Wilbert Lee Evans, 124549, executed 17 October 1990
      • Photographs and Videotapes
        • Box 481 Folder 1
          Photographs of aftermath of 9 January 1983 riot at Virginia State Penitentiary along with newspaper articles and unidentified photographs of guards, 1983.
        • Box 481 Folder 2
          Photographs of Penitentiary, Death House and Demolition of Penitentiary, 1991.
        • Box 481 Folder 3
          Videotape (VHS) of Closing of Virginia State Penitentiary Ceremony, 14 December 1990.
        • Box 481 Folder 4
          Videotape (VHS) of news magazine segment on capital punishment, includes interview with Raymond Muncy, November 1988.
        • Box 482 Folder 1
          Oversize Pictures of Virginia State Penitentiary and Surrounding Area, 1904, 1909, 1932, 1971 and undated.
      • Reports and Correspondence
        • Box 481 Folder 5
          List of Superintendents and copies of historic correspondence and newspaper articles, 1916-1990.
        • Box 481 Folder 6
          "The Riot as a Psychological Study: Analysis and Implications" by Thomas Kirk, 1974.
        • Box 481 Folder 7
          "A Brief History of the Virginia State Penitentiary" by James M. Good, December 1973.
        • Box 481 Folder 8
          "Special Housing Unit Officer Study: Death Row and Death Watch Officers" by Robert Johnson, 30 May 1989.
        • Box 481 Folder 9
          Copies of Penitentiary Employees' News, January 1989-December 1990.
        • Box 481 Folder 10
          Comprehensive Plan to Close the Virginia State Penitentiary, 1990-1991.
      • Box 483
        Front Gate Sign-In Log Book (volume), 24 April 1990-1 March 1991.
      • Box 484
        Penitentiary Ephemera (including keys to electric chair)
  • Boxes 485-532.
    Series IV. Subseries C: State Convict Road Force, )1906-1940.

    This subseries is housed in 48 boxes and arranged chronologically. The filing arrangement within each time period varies; alphabetical by correspondent or subject, a numbering system or by camp number (and by reverse chronological order therein). This subseries contains correspondence between the Superintendent and/or Assistant Superintendent in charge of the State Convict Road Force and the Clerk of the State Convict Road Force and/or camp sergeants. Researchers should note that additional State Convict Road Force records can be found in Series V. This subseries details the operations and conditions found in State Convict Road Force camps.

    The State Convict Road Force was created by the General Assembly in 1906 as part of the Withers-Lassiter "good roads" law that created the State Highway Commission. The Penitentiary was responsible for creating, administrating and supplying mobile convict road camps for use by the Highway Commission The camps were manned by felons from the Penitentiary and by misdeamants from local jails. The number and location of camps changed based upon the needs of the State Highway Commission. The Penitentiary Superintendent and/or Assistant Penitentiary Superintendent was head of the State Convict Road Force. He was assisted by a chief clerk.

    Subjects include: supply orders for camps, bills for supplies, contracts for supplies, requests for employment as guards on State Convict Road Force, hiring guards, reports from camp Sergeants, prisoner discipline, prisoner escapes and escape attempts, prisoner injuries, transportation of prisoners to camps, discipline of guards, resignation and transfer of camp Sergeants, location and movement of camps and camp conditions (including the impact of the 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic).

    Notable records from 1906-1907 include: correspondence between Supt. E.F. Morgan and Robert Catlett, assistant to the Attorney General on the disposition of the bodies of jail men who die while on the State Convict Road Force, August 1906 (b485, f1); and correspondence from Sgt. W.B. Pattie, at camp near Williamsburg, describing the escape of a one legged Italian jail man (b485, f2).

    The 1916-1917 records are arranged by assigned number. For a partial index see b510, f2. Notable documents include: No. 497 - Death of Dorsey Coles, No. 13529, Camp 11, died 18 March 1916 includes Transportation of Corpse form, body shipped to Anatomical Board, Medical College of Virginia (b502, f2); No. 1075 - establishment of convict camp at Catawba Sanatorium, 28 July 1916 (b504, f1); No. 2424 - list of guards on the State Convict Road Force who are eligible to get bonus for 24 and 12 months continuous satisfactory service, 1917 (b507, f1); No. 2608 - report on State Convict Road Force for Commission on Economy and Efficiency, 11 April 1917 (b507, f6); and No. 3315 - deed of lease for camp site, 13 October 1917 (b509, f4).

    The 1917-1919 correspondence are arranged by camp number and reverse chronological order therein. This group of records documents the toll the 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic had on the State Convict Road Force camps. Notable records include: Camp 2 : Sgt. H.B.T. Coleman sick with influenza, 29 October 1918, 4 November 1918, 9 November 1918, (b510, f4); Camp 4 : William Lowry, 14485, died of influenza and pneumonia, letters from Lowry's mother, Mrs. Isabella Ruffin, about shipping his body, 18 February 1919 (b511, f1); and reports on influenza in camp, 20 January 1919, 18 January 1919, 15 January 1919, 11 January 1919, 10 January 1919, 10 January 1919, 8 January 1919, 2 January 1919 (b511, f1); Camp 5 : Sgt. Stanley letters on influenza in camp, 25 January 1919; Stanley takes over camp from Sgt. H.B. Shepherd, 7 December and 9 December 1918; Sgt. Shepherd's wife and children have influenza and requests to leave camp, 5 December 1918; Shepherd takes over camp, 16 November 1918; Sgt. R.D. Hockler resigns, 23 October 1918; and Sgt. R.E. Mitchell resigns, 19 September 1918, 11 September 1918 and 28 June 1918 (all b511, f3); Camp 7 : influenza, 8 November 1918, 6 November 1918 (b511, f5); Camp 8 : influenza, 1 November 1918, 29 October 1918, 25 October 1918, 22 October 1918, 15 October 1918 (b511, f6); Camp 10 : influenza in camp/deaths, 5 December 1918, 2 December 1918, 30 November 1918, 27 November 1918, 29 October 1918; staffing difficulties because of labor shortage, 7 August 1918; and condition of camp, 18 May 1918 (b512, f3); Camp 11 : correspondence between Mrs. T.E. Rogers, widow of Sgt. Rogers and Supt. Wood, 11 January 1919, 10 January 1919; and influenza in camp/death of Sgt. Rogers, December 1918 (b512, f4); Camp 12 : death of George Everett, 13702, from influenza, 27 December 1918; three influenza deaths, 17 December 1918; influenza in camp, 17 December 1918, 9 December 1918, 11 December 1918, 5 December 1918; Camp 15 : death of John Walker, 14528, from flu, 21 April 1919; influenza in camp, 6 February 1919, 30 January 1919, 28 January 1919, 27 January 1919, 25 January 1919, 24 January 1919, 22 January 1919, 21 January 1919, and 19 January 1919; and L.H. Jones offered position of Assistant Superintendent, 18 September 1918 (all b513, f5); Camp 19 : influenza in camp, 13 November 1918 (b514, f6); George Sears, 11901, escape attempt and death, 20 January 1919, 17 November 1918, 15 November 1918, 1 November 1918, 26 October 1918, 24 October 1918 (b514, f6); death of Charles Burwell, 14448, shot while trying to escape,13 March 1918 (b515, f1); and flood at camp, 2 February 1918 (b515, f1); Camp 20 : influenza in camp, 14 December 1918, 12 December 1918, 11 December 1918, 2 December 1918, 29 October 1918, 18 October 1918 (b515, f2); Camp 23 : report on murder of Harry Brown, 15050, by Hike Perry, 14206, 21 December 1918 (b515, f5); Wood describes influenza cases within his family and quarantine at Virginia. Penitentiary, 17 October 1918 (b515, f5); Sgt. Cook accused of not feeding prisoners properly, 22 February 1918 (b515, f5); and Cook's resignation, 20 February 1918 (b515, f5); Camp 28 : influenza in camp, 9 December 1918, 6 December 1918, 2 December 1918, (b516, f6); Camp 30 : George Bolling, 13845, shot and killed in self-defense by guard, 5 April 1919, (b517, f3); influenza in camp, 31 January 1919, 28 January 1919, 28 January 1919, 27 January 1919, 25 January 1919, 24 January 1919, 16 January 1919, 11 January 1919, (b517, f3); Camp 31 : resignation of Sgt. Wade, 26 April 1919 (b517, f5); and influenza in camp, 10 February 1919, 30 January 1919, 28 January 1919, 23 January 1919, 20 January 1919, 15 January 1919 (b517, f5); Camp 32 : resignation of Sgt. E.J. Griffith, camp turned over to E.R. Parker, 12 November 1918, 8 November 1918 (b518, f2); resignation of Anderson, Griffith takes over camp, 17 October 1918, 14 October 1918, 27 September 1918 (b518, f2); and resignation of Sgt. Harris, replaced by Anderson, 6 September 1918, 9 August 1918 (b518, f2); Camp 33 : influenza in camp, 27 December 1918, 19 December 1918, 18 December 1918, 12 December 1918 (b518, f3); G.W. Earman takes charge of camp, 23 September 1918 (b518, f3); Earman and Van Snellings swapped camps, 16 September 1918, 11 September 1918, 6 September 1918 (b518, f3).

    Only a small portion of the 1922-1927 correspondence are extant (camps 22-32). Notable correspondence include: Camp 24 : letter from Sgt. W.W. Higginbotham to Supt. R.M. Youell, 13 November 1924, containing Higginbotham's response to complaints received by Governor's Office that Higginbotham was mistreating prisoners (b521, f2); Camp 30 : Sgt. R.M. Reames discharged for drinking, 27 August 1925 and 23 June 1925 (b523, f1); underground letters to governor complaining about treatment, 20 January 1925 (b523, f1); deportation of John Field and Otto Larsen, 15 September 1924 (b523, f2); complaints about camp, escapes, etc. 3 April 1923 (b523, f2); and Sgt. E.B. Anderson replaced at the request of the State Highway Department, 8 August 1922 (b523, f3).

    The 1932-1934 correspondence between the Superintendent and Camp Sergeants contain records related to prisoner issues such as health, discipline, "good time" and date of discharge. Notable correspondence include: Camp 6 : Paul Trent, 30985, attempted suicide by cutting his throat with a safety razor blade after learning his wife filed for divorce; he survived, 30 December 1933 (b526, f6); and Superintendent Youell to Sgt. W.T. Reames warning him that he was nearly fired after the "Scott County trouble", 1 February 1933 - see also 30 April 1931 (b526, f6); Camp 8 : Homer Smith, 30678, attempted suicide by cutting himself with a razor blade; he survived, 20 November 1933 (b526, f8); and Eugene W. Potts, 26362, request for restoration of good conduct time; describes his escapes and camp transfers, 1 December 1932 (b526, f8); Camp 11 : Harry Smith, 25207, request for transfer/complaints about camp conditions and disciplined by Sgt., 9 January 1934, 26 June 1933 (b527, f1) and 9 December 1932, 23 October 1932, 29 September 1932, 29 July 1932, 23 July 1932, 20 July 1932, 15 July 1932 (b527, f2); Camp 15 : Sgt. M.C. Russell described a drunken disturbance involving four prisoners, 16 February 1934 (b527, f6); punishment and shooting of Willie Williams, 17280, by Sgt. M.C. Russell, 1 February 1934, 3 January 1934, 16 December 1933 (b527, f6); and James Bell, 24204, lost an eye when hit by a rock, 23 April 1933 (b527, f6).

    • 1906-1907
      • Box 485 Folder 1
        Abingdon Grocery Company - Sarah Jones.
      • Box 485 Folder 2
        Charles T. Lassiter - Sgt. W.P. Tatum.
      • Box 485 Folder 3
        Sgt. W.P. Tatum - J.E. Vines.
      • Box 485 Folder 4
        J.E. Vines - G.W. Zirkle.
    • 1907-1908
      • Box 485 Folder 5
        Employment Applications], .
      • Box 485 Folder 6
        Orders/Supplies], 1908.
      • Box 485 Folder 7
        [Payrolls], 1908.
      • Box 485 Folder 8
        Prisoners], 1908.
      • Box 485 Folder 9
        [Railroad File], 1908.
      • Box 485 Folder 10
        [Stove File], 1908.
      • Box 486
        Scrapbook of Newspaper Clippings (volume), 1906-1908, 1910.
    • 1908-1909
      • Box 487 Folder 1
        No. 1 - Camp Equipment, Free Transportation of.
      • Box 487 Folder 2
        No. 2 - Bills (part one).
      • Box 487 Folder 3
        No. 2 - Bills (part two).
      • Box 487 Folder 4
        No. 3 - Orders, Camp No. 1.
      • Box 487 Folder 5
        No. 4 - Orders, Camp No. 2.
      • Box 487 Folder 6
        No. 5 - Orders, Camp No. 3.
      • Box 487 Folder 7
        No. 6 - Orders, Camp No. 4.
      • Box 487 Folder 8
        No. 7 - Orders, Camp No. 5.
      • Box 487 Folder 9
        No. 8 - Orders, Camp No. 6.
      • Box 488 Folder 1
        No. 9 - Orders, Camp No. 7.
      • Box 488 Folder 2
        No. 10 - Orders, Camp No. 8.
      • Box 488 Folder 3
        No. 11 - Orders, Camp No. 9.
      • Box 488 Folder 4
        No. 12 - Orders, Camp No. 10.
      • Box 488 Folder 5
        No. 13 - Orders, Camp No. 11.
      • Box 488 Folder 6
        No. 14 - Orders, Camp No. 12.
      • Box 488 Folder 7
        No. 14 1/4 - Orders, Camp No. 13.
      • Box 488 Folder 8
        No. 14 1/2 - Orders, Camp No. 14.
      • Box 488 Folder 9
        No. 15 - [Terms of Prisoners], Jailmen.
      • Box 488 Folder 10
        No. 16 - Contingent.
      • Box 489 Folder 1
        No. 17 - Jailmen, Securing of, 29 December 1909 to 1 November 1909.
      • Box 489 Folder 2
        No. 17 - Jailmen, Securing of, 30 October 1909 to 25 September 1909.
      • Box 489 Folder 3
        No. 17 - Jailmen, Securing of, 24 September 1909 to 31 August 1909.
      • Box 489 Folder 4
        No. 17 - Jailmen, Securing of, 30 August 1909 to 17 August 1909.
      • Box 489