A Guide to the School Annuals Collection, 1888-1925 [sort title] MS2020-03

A Guide to the School Annuals Collection, 1888-1925

A Collection in
Christiansburg Institute Museum and Archives
Collection Number MS2020-03


Christiansburg Institute Museum and Archives

Christiansburg Institute Museum and Archives
125 Arrowhead Trail, Suite F
Christiansburg, VA 24073
Phone: (540) 808-5398
Email: CIMA@christiansburginstitute.com
URL: https://www.christiansburginstitute.com

2021 ( CC0 1.0 )

Processed by: Christiansburg Institute Museum and Archives

Christiansburg Institute Museum and Archives, Christiansburg Institute, Inc.
Collection Number
School Annuals Collection, 1888-1925
Physical Characteristics
0.21 linear feet; 1 box
Christiansburg Industrial Institute ; Friends' Freedmen's Association
Materials in this collection are in English .

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Copyright has been assigned to Christiansburg Institute Museum & Archives by the Christiansburg Institute Alumni Association. For permission to publish materials created by the donor, contact CIMA@christiansburginstitute.com. Materials not created by Friends Freedmen's Association or Christiansburg Industrial Institute may still be under copyright.

Preferred Citation

[ITEM DESCRIPTION], School Annuals Collection, MS2020-03, Christiansburg Institute Museum & Archives, Christiansburg Institute, Inc., Christiansburg, VA.

Immediate Source of Acquisition


Alternate Form Available


Processing Information

The processing, arrangement, and description...

Historical Note

In November 1863, a group of Philadelphia Orthodox Quaker men organized "the Friends Association of Philadelphia and its vicinity for the Relief of Colored Freedmen. The group's name later changed to "Friends Freedmen's Association of Philadelphia." From 1860-1880, the FFA established schools for the children of formerly enslaved people, creating 46 schools in North Carolina and Virginia. States assumed responsibility for education by the end of the 19th century, making much of the FFA's relief work unnecessary. The FFA shifted its attention and financial support to Christiansburg Industrial Institute.

Christiansburg Industrial Institute was founded as a Freedmen's Bureau school in 1866 by Captain Charles Schaeffer Montgomery County, VA. The FFA provided financial support and management shortly after the Bureau disbanded in 1871. Under the later leadership of African American faculty and staff, the institute grew into a working industrial school that taught academic subjects as well as agriculture, carpentry, blacksmithing, printing, sewing, cooking, and home economics. It also managed the Hill School, a primary and intermediate school.

In 1934, the FFA gave the title of the Hill School to the Montgomery County School Board. In 1947, the FFA sold Christiansburg Industrial Institute to MCPS for one dollar on the condition that the school remained dedicated to the education of African Americans.

Scope and Content

Christiansburg Industrial Institute was an industrial school for African Americans in Montgomery County, VA. It was financially supported by the Friends Freedmen's Association, an organization of Philadelphia Quakers, from the 1870s to 1940s. This collection contains records and correspondence from the institute's faculty to FFA members, and the school's annual reports and catalogues.


Arranged in 3 series: 1. Monthly Reports, 1888-1892. 2. Annual Reports, 1908-1916. 3. Miscellaneous, 1917-1925.

Related Material

Friends Freedmen's Association Records, Accession SFHL-RG4-024, Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College, Swarthmore College Libraries, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA.

Index Terms


  • African American youth -- Education -- Southern States
  • African Americans -- Education -- Southern States
  • African Americans -- Education -- Virginia
  • African Americans -- Services for -- Southern States
  • Charities -- Pennsylvania
  • Charities -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
  • Education -- Southern States
  • Freedmen -- Education -- Southern States
  • Freedmen -- Services for -- Southern States
  • Freedmen -- Southern States
  • Friends' Association of Philadelphia and Its Vicinity, for the Relief of Colored Freedmen
  • Nonprofit organizations -- Southern States
  • Schools -- Southern States
  • Society of Friends -- Charities -- Records and correspondence
  • Society of Friends -- Education
  • Trade schools -- Virginia
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- African Americans
  • Women in charitable work -- Pennsylvania
  • Corporate Names:

  • Friends' Freedmen's Association
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania Quakers -- Societies, etc.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • American periodicals

Contents List

Series 1: Monthly Reports
  • William Polk, principal, Monthly Report , 1888-1889
  • William Polk, principal, Monthly Report , 1889-1890
  • William Polk, principal, Monthly Report , 1890-1891
  • William Polk, principal, Monthly Report , 1891-1892
  • William Polk, principal, Monthly Report , undated
Series 2: Annual Reports
  • Annual Report of the Christiansburg Industrial Institute , 1908
  • Annual Report of the Christiansburg Industrial Institute , 1916
Series 3: Miscellaneous
  • Rosa Tolliver, Hill School Intermediate Department Certificate, 1917
  • Christiansburg Industrial Institute 26th Annual Catalogue , 1924-1925