Inventory of the Austin-Twyman Papers, 1765-1939 Austin-Twyman, Papers, 1765-1939 Mss. 69 Au7

Inventory of the Austin-Twyman Papers, 1765-1939

A Collection in the
Manuscripts and Rare Books Department
Collection Number Mss. 69 Au7


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Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary

Special Collections
Earl Gregg Swem Library
College of William and Mary
Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-8794
USA
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Fax: (757) 221-5440
Email: spcoll@wm.edu
URL: http://swem.wm.edu/scrc/

© 2001 By the College of William and Mary

Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
Collection number
Mss. 69 Au7
Title
Austin-Twyman Papers, 1765-1939.
Extent
10,706 items.
Creators
Austin family, Twyman family, Horsley family, Spiller family, Peter Francisco, Archibald Austin.
Language
English
Abstract
Papers of the Austin, Twyman, Spiller and Horsley families of Amherst and Buckingham Counties, Virginia.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Collection is open to all researchers.

Publication Rights/Restrictions on Use

Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Curator of Manuscripts and Rare Books, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.

Preferred Citation

Austin-Twyman Papers, Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.

Acquisition Information

Purchased: 10,706 items, 1969.


Biographical/Historical Information

Archibald Austin (1772-1837) was born in Buckingham County, Virginia. He practiced law in Buckingham County until being elected as a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates, 1815-1816, 1835-1837. He served as a Democrat to the fifteeth Congress, 1817-1819 and also as a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1832 and 1836. He and his wife, Grace R. (Booker) Austin had several children including the following: James M. Austin, John Austin, Bernard Austin, Martha E. (Austin) Twyman, Grace Austin and Frances (Austin) Wright.

Archibald Austin's son-in-law, Doctor Iverson Lewis Twyman (1810-1864) married first, Mary Lavinia Horsley and second, Martha E. Austin. Their children were Iverson Lewis Twyman, Jr. (1849-1921); John Austin Twyman, Superintendent of Schools in Buckingham County; Samuel Rogers Twyman; Augusta Giles Twyman and Mabel Booker Twyman. James Madison Spiller was the father-in-law of Iverson Lewis Twyman, Jr.

Additional biographical and genealogical information is interspersed throughout this collection.

Scope and Content Information

Papers, 1765 (1800-1890) 1939, of the Austin, Twyman, Spiller and Horsley families of Amherst and Buckingham counties, Va. The papers include correspondence, accounts, legal papers and manuscript volumes. Includes papers of Archibald Austin (1772-1837), member of Congress, 1817-1819, member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1815-1816, 1835-1837, his wife, Grace R. (Booker) Austin and their children, James M. Austin, John Austin and Bernard Austin, Grace Austin and Frances (Austin) Wright. Correspondents of Archibald Austin include William H. Cabell, Walter L. Fontaine, Charles Yancey, Waller Taylor, George Booker, and Robert T. Hubard. Subjects include the War of 1812, national politics and the business of the Virginia General Assembly. Papers include correspondence of Archibald Austin's son-in-law, Doctor Iverson Lewis Twyman (1810-1864) who married first, Mary Lavinia Horsley and second, Martha E. Austin. His correspondence concerns slavery, farm management, the study and practice of medicine and the education of his children whose letters are also part of the collection. His children were Iverson Lewis Twyman (1849-1921), John Austin Twyman, Superintendent of Schools in Buckingham County, Samuel Rogers Twyman (concerning Twyman genealogy), Augusta Giles Twyman and Mabel Booker Twyman.

Papers also contain a few items concerning the Horsley family and much correspondence and many accounts of James Madison Spiller, a friend of Dr. Iverson Lewis Twyman and the father-in-law of Iverson Lewis Twyman, Jr. The collection includes several items relating to Peter Francisco, Revolutionary War hero; materials relating to the James River and Kanawha Canal; letters pertaining to the Civil War; accounts and legal documents concerning Albemarle, Amherst, Appomattox, Botetourt, Buckingham, Campbell, Cumberland, Goochland, King and Queen, Nelson, Powhatan and Prince Edward Counties; genealogical materials relating to the Austin, Booker, Byrd, Clark, Gaines, Lewis, Montague, Rogers, Twyman and Walker families; and miscellaneous material consisting of poetry, religious manuscripts, recipes, memoranda and photographs.

Arrangement

Organization

This collection is organized into 5 series: Series 1 contains letters, Series 2 contains the James River and Kanawha Company papers, Series 3 contains accounts and legal papers, Series 4 contains genealogical material, and Series 5 contains manuscript volumes.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into series and then subseries. These subseries are arranged by family names, then by individual name and finally by date.


Index Terms


Index of Slavery and African-American Materials

An index to materials relating to slavery and to African Americans in the Austin-Twyman Papers has been filed with the inventory and is located within the first box of this collection.

Index

Blacks: Folder 96 - Jeanes Fund for black teachers
Children: Folder 23 - Care of a slave's child while she is in the fieldFolder 28 - Sale of a slave child,
Civil War Service: Folder 53 - Tredegar and Confederate States Government hiring of slavesFolder 255 - Receipt, 1864, for slave to work on fortifications, Folder 62 - Confederate States Army hire, Folder 156 - Ben working on Richmond defenses (1864), Folder 156 - Names of those 18-53 years old (1864),
Free Blacks: Folder 138 - Settling blacks in Ohio
Freedmen: Folder 54 - Sharecropping with freed blacksFolder 63 - Sue Asa Washington (former slave ?) letter, Folder 68 - Texas and blacks, Folder 75 - Buckingham "Re-adjusters all over the county voted for [Shed Dungee, a black candidate] and John Eldridge says he is prouder of that one act than of any other in his whole life." lists others who voted for Dungee, Folder 83 - Lynching in Texas (1878),
Health: Folder 39 - GonorrheaFolder 44 - Illness, Folder 45 - Illness, Folder 47 - Health, Folder 62 - Chloride of lime to prevent fever,
Hiring: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in woodsFolder 12 - Hiring and selling of slaves, Folder 17 - Hiring out of slaves, Folder 18, Folder 21 - Hiring slaves to work on railroad, Folder 24 - Taking slave trader to get price to know whether to hire a slave, Folder 26, Folder 27, Folder 36 - (1846), Folder 40 - (1850), Folder 41 - (1851), Folder 43 - (1853), Folder 44 - (1854) To work on railroad, Folder 45 - (1855) To lay railroad track, Folder 46 - (1856-1858), Folder 47 - (1859-1860), Folder 48 - (1861-1862), Folder 49 - (1863-1864), Folder 50 - (n.d.), Folder 155,
Ideology: Folder 126 - Qualms of someone concerning slavery
Lynching: Folder 83
Marriage: Folder 13 - Letter, 7 May 1859, of R. Eldridge stating he has no objection to a slave marriage and endorsing the prospective husbandFolder 40 - Letter, 1850, of W. C. Jordan granting permission for his slave to marry one of Twyman's slaves if Twyman approves, Folder 53 - Letter, 13 September 1853, of Martha E. (Austin) Twyman concerning slave leaving to visit his wife, Folder 64 - Slave marriage,
Occupations: Folder 12 - Slaves weaving cloth and making shoesFolder 44- 45, 47-49 - Working on railroad (Virginia and Tennessee), Folder 45, 47 - Working on James River and Kanawha Canal, Folder 49 - Tredegar, Folder 46 - Slave nurse, Folder 53, 62, 156, 255 - Civil War Service, Folder 133 - "I did not intend you to make a cook of Sally. Please leave her to herself to attend to the cows and her business - the women who suckle can and must cook.",
Profitability: See also entries under hiring and sale.Folder 13 - "If we lose when we own the Negroes, how much more loss we would sustain when Negroes are hired/sale of 43 slaves in 12 years, Folder 14 - Prices in Richmond (1854), Folder 23 - Loss of slave mourned as a loss of property and loss as family member, Folder 24 - Taking slave trader to get value to know whether to sell or hire, Folder 32 - Buying slaves in Richmond and taking them south,
Recalcitrance: Folder 51 - Alleged malingering and burglarizing female slaveFolder 62 - Verbal abuse by slave,
Religion: Folder 152-153 - Permissions to join Mulberry Grove Baptist Church
Resistance: Folder 40 - Poisoning
Runaways: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in woodsFolder 21 - Runaway slave, Folder 45 - Runaway of hired slave from James River and Kanawha Canal, Folder 46 - Sale of runaway slave, runaway hired slave,
Sale: Folder 11 - Possible sale of slaves to pay off debtFolder 12 - Hiring and selling of slaves, Folder 14 - Sale of slaves in Richmond, price of slaves in Richmond (1854), Folder 23 - Hiding forthcoming sale, "[?] will tell the Negroes and set them to crying and howling, Folder 24 - Taking slave to trader to get value to know whether to sell or hire him, Folder 25 - Selling of slaves, Folder 28 - Sale of slave child and selling, Folder 31 - Improving appearance before sale, Folder 32 - Buying slaves in Richmond and taking them south, Folder 38 - Evaluating slaves, Folder 39 - Slave trader, Samuel Rees, Folder 42 - Asking for slave to be delivered so she can be sent south with others, Folder 44 - Evaluation, Folder 45 - Value, Folder 46 - Sale of runaway slave, Folder 49 - Price, Folder 50 - Value, Folder 51 - Fixing clothes to sell a slave in, fixing up slaves (improving appearance) to sell and selling slaves, Folder 53 - Dressing up slaves to sell them, Folder 134 - Buying and selling, Folder 138 - Disposition of slaves, Folder 155 - Selling of slave girls, Folder 165 - Form of bill of sale of slave, Folder 249 - Account of sale (1858) of Negro man, Folder 339 - Slave estate of a Benjamin Harrison,
Slave - Beverley: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in the woodsFolder 12, Folder 13 - Letter Lucy Patterson to Beverley, Folder 24 - Hire of slave Beverly and taking him to trader to see how much he would give for him to know whether to sell him or hire him out, Folder 49 - Runaway hired hand Beverley and service of slaves at Tredegar and Confederate States Government, Folder 53 - Slave Beverley with army during Gettysburg campaign,
Slave Letters: Folder 3 - Susan AustinFolder 13 - Mary to Mother, Folder 13 - Lucy Patterson to Beverley, Folder 16 - London, Folder 47 - Absalom, Folder 50 - Cambridge Austin, Folder 155 - Anita Blew, Folder 156 - Ben, Folder 63 - Sue Asa Washington (former slave?),
Slaves - Status: Folder 23 - Loss of slave mourned as loss of property and as loss of member of familyFolder 42 - Asking someone to be protector and advisor to a slave,
Slavetraders: Folder 38, 42,155 - Seth WoodruffFolder 39 - Samuel Rees, Folder 44 - R. H. Dickinson & Bro., Folder 45 - Dickinson, Hill & Co., Folder 49 - Hill, Dickinson & Co., Folder 45 - Pulliam & Davis, Folder 249 - Pulliam (D. M.) & Co.,
Teachers: Folder 96 - Jeanes Fund for black teachers
Treatment and Punishment: Folder 43 - Punishment of slaveFolder 46 - Hire of slave and his treatment, Folder 51 - Sewing slave clothing, Folder 165 - Draft of note concerning whipping of slav,

Index

Blacks: Folder 96 - Jeanes Fund for black teachers
Children: Folder 23 - Care of a slave's child while she is in the fieldFolder 28 - Sale of a slave child,
Civil War Service: Folder 53 - Tredegar and Confederate States Government hiring of slavesFolder 255 - Receipt, 1864, for slave to work on fortifications, Folder 62 - Confederate States Army hire, Folder 156 - Ben working on Richmond defenses (1864), Folder 156 - Names of those 18-53 years old (1864),
Free Blacks: Folder 138 - Settling blacks in Ohio
Freedmen: Folder 54 - Sharecropping with freed blacksFolder 63 - Sue Asa Washington (former slave ?) letter, Folder 68 - Texas and blacks, Folder 75 - Buckingham "Re-adjusters all over the county voted for [Shed Dungee, a black candidate] and John Eldridge says he is prouder of that one act than of any other in his whole life." lists others who voted for Dungee, Folder 83 - Lynching in Texas (1878),
Health: Folder 39 - GonorrheaFolder 44 - Illness, Folder 45 - Illness, Folder 47 - Health, Folder 62 - Chloride of lime to prevent fever,
Hiring: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in woodsFolder 12 - Hiring and selling of slaves, Folder 17 - Hiring out of slaves, Folder 18, Folder 21 - Hiring slaves to work on railroad, Folder 24 - Taking slave trader to get price to know whether to hire a slave, Folder 26, Folder 27, Folder 36 - (1846), Folder 40 - (1850), Folder 41 - (1851), Folder 43 - (1853), Folder 44 - (1854) To work on railroad, Folder 45 - (1855) To lay railroad track, Folder 46 - (1856-1858), Folder 47 - (1859-1860), Folder 48 - (1861-1862), Folder 49 - (1863-1864), Folder 50 - (n.d.), Folder 155,
Ideology: Folder 126 - Qualms of someone concerning slavery
Lynching: Folder 83
Marriage: Folder 13 - Letter, 7 May 1859, of R. Eldridge stating he has no objection to a slave marriage and endorsing the prospective husbandFolder 40 - Letter, 1850, of W. C. Jordan granting permission for his slave to marry one of Twyman's slaves if Twyman approves, Folder 53 - Letter, 13 September 1853, of Martha E. (Austin) Twyman concerning slave leaving to visit his wife, Folder 64 - Slave marriage,
Occupations: Folder 12 - Slaves weaving cloth and making shoesFolder 44- 45, 47-49 - Working on railroad (Virginia and Tennessee), Folder 45, 47 - Working on James River and Kanawha Canal, Folder 49 - Tredegar, Folder 46 - Slave nurse, Folder 53, 62, 156, 255 - Civil War Service, Folder 133 - "I did not intend you to make a cook of Sally. Please leave her to herself to attend to the cows and her business - the women who suckle can and must cook.",
Profitability: See also entries under hiring and sale.Folder 13 - "If we lose when we own the Negroes, how much more loss we would sustain when Negroes are hired/sale of 43 slaves in 12 years, Folder 14 - Prices in Richmond (1854), Folder 23 - Loss of slave mourned as a loss of property and loss as family member, Folder 24 - Taking slave trader to get value to know whether to sell or hire, Folder 32 - Buying slaves in Richmond and taking them south,
Recalcitrance: Folder 51 - Alleged malingering and burglarizing female slaveFolder 62 - Verbal abuse by slave,
Religion: Folder 152-153 - Permissions to join Mulberry Grove Baptist Church
Resistance: Folder 40 - Poisoning
Runaways: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in woodsFolder 21 - Runaway slave, Folder 45 - Runaway of hired slave from James River and Kanawha Canal, Folder 46 - Sale of runaway slave, runaway hired slave,
Sale: Folder 11 - Possible sale of slaves to pay off debtFolder 12 - Hiring and selling of slaves, Folder 14 - Sale of slaves in Richmond, price of slaves in Richmond (1854), Folder 23 - Hiding forthcoming sale, "[?] will tell the Negroes and set them to crying and howling, Folder 24 - Taking slave to trader to get value to know whether to sell or hire him, Folder 25 - Selling of slaves, Folder 28 - Sale of slave child and selling, Folder 31 - Improving appearance before sale, Folder 32 - Buying slaves in Richmond and taking them south, Folder 38 - Evaluating slaves, Folder 39 - Slave trader, Samuel Rees, Folder 42 - Asking for slave to be delivered so she can be sent south with others, Folder 44 - Evaluation, Folder 45 - Value, Folder 46 - Sale of runaway slave, Folder 49 - Price, Folder 50 - Value, Folder 51 - Fixing clothes to sell a slave in, fixing up slaves (improving appearance) to sell and selling slaves, Folder 53 - Dressing up slaves to sell them, Folder 134 - Buying and selling, Folder 138 - Disposition of slaves, Folder 155 - Selling of slave girls, Folder 165 - Form of bill of sale of slave, Folder 249 - Account of sale (1858) of Negro man, Folder 339 - Slave estate of a Benjamin Harrison,
Slave - Beverley: Folder 11 - Payment for hire of slave Beverley while he was in the woodsFolder 12, Folder 13 - Letter Lucy Patterson to Beverley, Folder 24 - Hire of slave Beverly and taking him to trader to see how much he would give for him to know whether to sell him or hire him out, Folder 49 - Runaway hired hand Beverley and service of slaves at Tredegar and Confederate States Government, Folder 53 - Slave Beverley with army during Gettysburg campaign,
Slave Letters: Folder 3 - Susan AustinFolder 13 - Mary to Mother, Folder 13 - Lucy Patterson to Beverley, Folder 16 - London, Folder 47 - Absalom, Folder 50 - Cambridge Austin, Folder 155 - Anita Blew, Folder 156 - Ben, Folder 63 - Sue Asa Washington (former slave?),
Slaves - Status: Folder 23 - Loss of slave mourned as loss of property and as loss of member of familyFolder 42 - Asking someone to be protector and advisor to a slave,
Slavetraders: Folder 38, 42,155 - Seth WoodruffFolder 39 - Samuel Rees, Folder 44 - R. H. Dickinson & Bro., Folder 45 - Dickinson, Hill & Co., Folder 49 - Hill, Dickinson & Co., Folder 45 - Pulliam & Davis, Folder 249 - Pulliam (D. M.) & Co.,
Teachers: Folder 96 - Jeanes Fund for black teachers
Treatment and Punishment: Folder 43 - Punishment of slaveFolder 46 - Hire of slave and his treatment, Folder 51 - Sewing slave clothing, Folder 165 - Draft of note concerning whipping of slav,

Components List

Letters, 1765-1939.
Folder: 1-159
Series 1: Letters

Letters are filed in chronological order within each folder. Consequently, there may be more than one letter in the folder written by the person listed in the inventory and also, the letters written by this person may not be filed together within the folder. If the researcher is interested in a person, look throughout the folder. If the researcher is interested in a subject, each letter by the person writing about the subject must be looked at make sure all of the information about the subject has been seen.

This series is divided into subseries by family name.

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Folder 160
Minutes of a meeting of citizens of Buckingham County, November 1827.

Minutes of a meeting of citizens of Buckingham County, "friendly to the Election of General Andrew Jackson as...[the] next President."

James River and Kanawha Company Papers, 1847-1879.
Folder: 161-164
Series 2: James River and Kanawha Company Papers
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Folder 165
Slavery items, n.d.
2 items.

Draft of note about whipping a slave. Form of bill of sale of slave. (Other slavery items among dated papers).

Folder 166
Peter Francisco. 1802-1829, n.d.
24 items.

Legal papers involving him. Concerns money owed by Francisco.

Accounts and Legal Papers, 1765-1919, n.d.
Folder: 167-404
Series 3: Accounts and Legal Papers

This series is divided into subseries by family name.

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Folder 405
Poetry and religion manuscripts, n.d.
37 items.
Folder 406
Recipes and formulae manuscripts, n.d.
27 items.
Folder 407
Memoranda manuscripts. n.d.
201 items.Entire box.
Folder 408
Photographs, n.d.
7 items.Photographs.
Genealogical Material, n.d.
Folder: 409-422.
Series 4: Genealogical Material

This series is divided into subseries by family name.

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Manuscript Volumes, 1799-1896, n.d.
Volume: MsV. 1-53
Series 5: Manuscript Volumes

This series is divided into subseries by family name first and all other items not associated with a particular name are located at the end of the series.

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Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

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Significant Places Associated With the Collection

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