Inventory of the William Meade Papers 1807-1861 Meade, William Papers 1807-1861. Mss. 74 M46

Inventory of the William Meade Papers 1807-1861.

A Collection in the
Manuscripts and Rare Books Department
Collection Number Mss. 74 M46


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Earl Gregg Swem Library
College of William and Mary
Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-8794
USA
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Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Alan D. Strange, 1894.

Repository
Special Collections, College of William and Mary
Collection number
Mss. 74 M46
Title
William Meade Papers, 1807-1861.
Extent
117 items.
Creator
William Meade
Language
English
Abstract
Personal and business correspondence, 1807-1861, of the Right Reverend William Meade, minister of the Protestant Episcopal church, who was elected the third bishop of Virginia in 1841.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Collection is open to all researchers.

Publication Rights/Restrictions on Use

Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Curator of Manuscripts and Rare Books, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.

Preferred Citation

William Meade Papers, Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.

Acquisition Information

Purchased: 116 items, July 1974.
Backlog: 1 item.


Biographical/Historical Information

William Meade (1789-1862) was born on 11 November 1789 in Frederick County, Virginia, the son of Colonel Richard Kidder Meade, an aide on General George Washington's staff during the Revolution, and Mary Fitzhugh Grymes. He attended a private school, Carter Hall, in Virginia and then entered the junior class at the College of New Jersey [Princeton University] in 1806. He graduated in 1808 and was valedictorian of his class.

Meade studied for the ministry of the Episcopal church under the Reverend Walter Dulaney Addison, the evangelical rector of St. John Parish, Maryland. Before his ordination, Meade married Mary Barnwell in 1810. They had three sons before her death in 1817. In 1820, he married Thomasia Nelson; they had no children.

Meade was ordained deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church by Bishop James Madison of Virginia on 24 February 1811. He was ordained priest in the Protestant Episcopal Church by Bishop Claggett of Maryland several years later on 29 January 1818. In 1814, he became the minister for Frederick County, and in 1821 he became the rector of Christ Church, Winchester. With the help of Bishop Moore and William Holland Wilmer, they founded the Protestant Episcopal Seminary in Virginia in Alexandria in 1823. Meade was an opponent of slavery and was one of the charter members who met in Washington, D.C., in December 1816 to organize the American Society for the Colonizing the Free People of Color in the United States.

On 29 May 1829 Meade was elected assistant bishop of Virginia on the first ballot and was consecrated on 19 August 1829. He served in this capacity until 12 November 1841, when Bishop Moore died and he became the third bishop of Virginia. He served in that position until his death.

Meade was strongly opposed to secession, but when Virginia left the Union he supported it. After the North-South split of the church, the first preliminary meeting of the dioceses in the Confederate States met in Montgomery, Alabama, 3-6 July 1861, and the second meeting was in Columbia, South Carolina, 16-24 October 1861. As senior bishop, Meade presided over the Convention in South Carolina where they drew up the constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States.

Meade died on 14 March 1862, in Virginia.

Scope and Content Information

Correspondence, 1807-1861, of the Right Reverend William Meade who was a minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church and third Bishop of the Church in Virginia. The early correspondence pertains to his studies at Princeton and his decision to enter the ministry. Subsequent correspondence deals with religious controversy, particularly after his election as Assistant Bishop of Virginia in 1829. The discipline of clergy and laity and disagreement over doctrinal issues form an important part of the collection as well as his referral to his concern for the religious instruction of slaves. Among his correspondents were Richard Channing Moore, William Rollinson Whittingham and J. H. Wingfield.

An additional letter separated yet belonging to the collection can be found under collection number: Sm. Coll. Add. 20.

Arrangement

Organization

This collection is arranged into 9 Series: 1. Correspondence, 1800-1810, 2. Correspondence, 1811-1820, 3. Correspondence, 1821-1830, 4. Correspondence, 1831-1840, 5. Correspondence, 1841-1850, 6. Correspondence, 1851-1860, 7. Correspondence, 1861-1870, 8. Correspondence, Undated, 9. Correspondence - Addition.

Arrangement

This collection of correspondence is arranged chronologically by date with those items without dates found at the end.

Index Terms

    Persons:

  • Moore, Richard Channing, 1762-1841.
  • Whittingham, William Rollinson, 1809-1879.
  • Wingfield, J. H.
  • Corporate Names:

  • Episcopal Church--Virginia.
  • Occupations:

  • Episcopal Church--Virginia--Clergy.

Components List

Correspondence, 1800-1810.
Box-folder: 1:1
7 items.
Series 1: Correspondence, 1800-1810
  • Box-folder 1:1
    John Weylie, Manchester [?], to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, 9 June 1807.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Refers to the "late rumpus" at Princeton [for which Meade was expelled but later readmitted]; Weylie declares that he would have acted in the Princeton affair as did Meade; warns Meade not to fall in love as has Weylie; mentions mutual acquaintances, health, and other personal affairs.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    John Weylie, Manchester [?], to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, 30 July 1807.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Commends Meade for excellent letter writing ability; confides that Meade's "account of the behaviour of Dr. Smith on the memorable to [the] [4]th of July is truly shocking." [Smith apparently forbade the Princetonians from drinking on that day]; advises Meade, in answer to Meade's question, on a "proper course of reading' discusses academic matters; approves Meade's plan for "kissing the girls"; reports health matters; discusses other personal matters.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    M. L. Custis, Alexandria, Virginia to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, December 1807.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Explains that the duties of a daughter, mother, and mistress so occupied her time that she could not correspond as she wished; asks Meade to give her regards to her brother; asks Meade to procure book for her; discusses personal matters.

    Including TCy of ALS. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    John Weylie, Carter Hall [Clarke County, Virginia, home of Burwell family], to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, 28 Dec[embe]r 1807.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Weylie reminisces on the days of his tutelage of Meade at Carter's Hall; discusses the health of mutual acquaintances, and other personal matters concerning them; reports that he has twenty-two pupils, ranging from six to twenty, all of whom Weylie claims are "very clever fellows;" discusses romantic affairs throughout the letter.

    Including TCy of ALS. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    John Weylie, Annfield [Virginia], to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, 10 April 1808.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Comments on the art of writing with ease; argues that it is an art mastered only by much labor, and that success in writing is measured by one's ability to conceal the labor involved; reports that Weylie thought Meade was going to study law and that Meade's decision to study Divinity will not bring him worldly wealth, but will afford him great honour as an "Ambassadour from Heaven;" states reasons why Weylie considers himself unfit for the ministry. Weylie congratulates Meade on his decision and expresses approval that Meade will be successful in his calling.

    Including TCy of ALS. 7 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    John Weylie, Audley [Virginia], to William Meade, Princeton, New Jersey, 7 Sep[tembe]r 1808.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Weylie laments his misfortune in having recently been spurned in romantic overtures made to a mutual acquaintance; he is depressed and is avoiding the company of others as the visiting season has started.

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    M. L. Custis, Arlington, [Virginia], to William Meade, Fredeick, [Virginia], 30 January 1810.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Congratulates Meade on his impending marriage to Mary Nelson; expresses hope of a summer visit from Meade; expresses desire that the gospel should change hearts, and mourns over her "most depraved family of slaves;" discusses mutual acquaintances and asks Meade to greet certain friends and relatives.

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

Correspondence, 1811-1820.
Box-folder: 1:1-2
5 items.
Series 2: Correspondence, 1811-1820
  • Box-folder 1:1
    W[illiam] Meade, and M[ary] N]elson] M]eade], n.p. to "sister" Susan Meade, Arlington, [Virginia], 1 Feb[ruary] 1811.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Mary Meade acknowledges the congratulations of her sister-in-law on the birth of her recently-born son Philip; gives a description of the baby; in the closing part of the letter, William expresses his love for the baby and sends his greetings.

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:1
    Richard Channing Moore, New York, [N.Y.], to Edmund J. Lee, n.p., 17 Feb[ruar]y 1814.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Informs Lee that Moore will accept the episcopal office [Bishop of Virginia]; having thoroughly considered the offer of the Virginians, Moore declares that he will be zealous in the service of his office.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    W[illia]m Meade, Winchester, Virginia, to Mr. Edmond Lee, Alexandria, District of Columbia, [Virginia], [July 15].
    2 pages.ALS.

    Expresses sorrow that he didn't see Lee when Lee passed through his neighborhood; discusses private correspondence and other personal matters.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    [Bishop] Richard Channing Moore, Richmond [Virginia], to Rev. W[illia]m Meade, n.p., 26 March 1816.
    2 pages.ALS.

    The bishop writes concerning the settlement of a Mr. Orrell at Martinsburgh; Moore relates that his vestry has warned him about resigning his present charge before a fund was provided for the Episcopate's support; the church has received an assistant, pending "secure and permanent support" for a clergyman; Moore thanks Meade for his support; Moore expresses joy upon learning of Meade's success in Winchester and wishes him continued blessings.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    [Bishop] Richard Channing Moore, Richmond, [Virginia], to Rev. W[illia]m Meade, n.p., 12 Feb[ruar]y 1817.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Regrets the transfer out of the diocese of Mr. Hawley of Culpeper and Orange; expresses some hesitancy about Meade's itineranting, but commends him to the "throne of grace for counsel;" relates his pleasure in Meade's promise to preach the prayer book and tract sermon; Moore reports that the state of religion in his own parish is not as lively as he would like; expresses desire to be in close contact with Meade because he wishes to frequently consult him. [The tone of this letter is one of great respect for Meade].

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

Correspondence, 1821-1830.
Box-folder: 1:2
6 items.
Series 3: Correspondence, 1821-1830
  • Box-folder 1:2
    Francis B. Whiting, Fauntly, [Virginia ?], to Rev. William Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood, Virginia], 8 April 1822.
    3 pages.ALS.

    James Hay, W[illia]m Hay, and Francis B. Whiting all attest that Dr. [Dudley] Burwell was intoxicated at Carter's Hall ca. Dec., 1821 on a Saturday night; he reportedly took communion on Sunday and played cards for money.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    [Rev.] G. W. Ridgeley, Philadelphia [Pennsylvania], to Rev. W[illia]m Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 18 Dec[ember] 1826.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Written on a printed circular which relates Meade's refusal of the office of Asst. Bishop of Pennsylvania, probably because of the opposition of the Bishop; the circular asks that while the present Bishop lives that no Asst. Bishop be named; Meade is recommended as the candidate for the joy when it opens; it is signed by Geo[rge] Boyd, G. T. Bedell, and Samuel Robbins; Ridgeley asks Meade to clarify his position for him.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    W. R. Whittingham, New york, [New York], to Reverend William Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 31 August 1827.
    7 pages.ALS.

    Assures Meade that his objection to the Baltimore edition of Mrs. Sherwood's stories is founded on a misconception; gives passages from Sherwood and Bishop Kemp showing that both are in accord with episcopal teaching; Whittingham also defends the use of Bp. Hobart's catechism; he noted that the Sherwood stories and the Hobart catechism were both recommended, and not contained in "any part of the [Church's] system of instruction."

    Including TCy of ALS. 8 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    Phillip Meade, Carlisle [Pennsylvania ?] to William Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood], Virginia, 24 January 1828.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Explains to his father the "rebellion" among the students against faculty; assures his father that he has had no part in the rebellion; discusses personal matters.

    Including TCy of ALS. 5 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    W. R. Whittingham, New York, [New York], to Rev. William Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 2 April 1828.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Whittingham, of the Sunday School Union, assures Meade that he will "hear no more of Sherwood's stories or [Bishop Hobart's] [of N.Y., an avowed High Churchman] catechism; asks Meade's opinion on other works.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    [William Meade], n.p. to Rev. [Adam Empie, Pres. of the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia], 20 April [sic] 1829.
    4 pages.ALS. Possibly Draft.

    Responds to letter which Empie wrote questioning whether he can support Meade for Asst. Bishop and questioning his Churchmanship; argues that he does not think Empie's views "untenable" because some "learned and pious men have held different views;" charges Empie is wrong in seeking to set up his own standards [for admission to the ministry]; argues that the Church has never insisted that Ministers from other churches entering into the episcopal ministry renounce their former ordination; assures Empie of Meade's respect for Empie's having acted "under a sense of duty."

Correspondence, 1831-1840.
Box-folder: 1:3
12 items.
Series 4: Correspondence, 1831-1840
  • Box-folder 1:3
    William Meade, Millwood Fred. 85 [?], [Virginia] to anonymous Bishop, 30 May 1832.
    5 pages.ALS.

    Replies to Bishop's questions about a revival in Fredericksburg; assures him that they are conducted in a godly manner; notes that the annual convention of Virginia was also marked by revival spirit.

    Including TCy of ALS. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. George W. Nelson, Richmond, [Virginia], 4 March 1843.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Asks him to send annual sum in support of ministry [?]; complains of ministers leaving their parishes for other ones and the difficulty of filling their places; discusses health and other personal matters.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    The Will of James Ship given to William Meade, 23 April 1834.
    3 pages.ADS.

    Orders just debts paid; daughters Charlotte F. and Ann T. Ship to have an annuity of $300 each until twenty-five; Susan A. Ship to have annuity of $100 for life; Penelope Stribling, $50 a year for life; Hector Bell received horse; gives to Charlotte F. [slaves], Judy and two children, Harry and Lucy, Sarah and Jerry; gives to Ann t., Jim and wife, and two children, annuities to be raised from land rent; estate shall be divided evenly among children at age 25; Bishop Meade and his brother David to direct the education of any grandchildren if Ship's daughters die; Hector Bell and Uncle John Ship appointed executors; David Meade made guardian of the children.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    Memo of William Meade, 23 April 1834.
    2 pages.ADS.

    Meade recounts his receiving of James Ship's will and certified Ship's coherent state.

    Including TCy of ADS. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illiam] Meade, Coalsmouth, Kanhawa [sic] [Co., Virginia], [West Virginia], to "sister," Mary Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 3 June, 1834.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Expresses concern for his children; gives his travel itinerary for the month--traveling and preaching widely throughout Virginia; gives instructions regarding family and home.

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illia]m Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood], [Virginia], to Mrs. Judith Nelson, Hanover City [?], 28 July 1834.
    1 page.ALS.

    Assures Mrs. Nelson that he will give her son Robert [who has apparently lived with Meade] a good recommendation for Bristol College; excuses Nelson of debt owed.

    Including TCy of ALS. 1 page.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illiam] Meade, Norfolk [Virginia], to Mrs. Thomasia Meade [wife], Alexandria, District of Columbia [Virginia], 18 Jan[uary] [1835].
    3 pages.ALS.

    Having arrived in Norfolk and preached there, Meade reflects on Frederick [the parish which he just left]; asks God for grace to fulfill charge and tells wife he awaits her coming; discusses matters of family, weather, and health.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    William Meade, n.p. to Dr. Shelth, n.p., 20 March 1835.
    5 pages.Folio. Cy of LS (signature not Meade's).

    Explains that Bishop Moore complained to him about certain meetings in the seminary [at Alexandria] among students in which they exceeded the bounds of exhorting and were preaching; reports that he encouraged the seminary students not to engage in such and expresses sorrow that [Sheith] had thought he had censured the meetings altogether, for which he [Sheith] took Meade to task.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illia]m M[eade], Norfolk, [Virginia], to Rev. Nicholas Cobbs, Lynchburg, Virginia, 9 November 1835.
    2 pages.LS.[signed, but not in Meade's hand].

    Invitation to Cobbs to be assistant to Meade during the six months of the year that Meade resides in Norfolk; tells him that the large congregation would welcome him and the "the materials for Ministerial operation [are] very good."

    Including TCy. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    William Meade, Norfolk, [Virginia], to W[illiam] P. C. Johnson, n.p., 5 March 1836.
    2 pages.LS.[not in Meade's hand].

    Gives Johnson who had been suspended from his parish, advice to depart for Clarksburg or Parkersburg, where he may secure a ministerial position; Meade also gives a testimonial for Johnson which Johnson can use as a letter of introduction in the western Virginia parishes.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    W[illiam] Meade, Norfolk [Virginia], to Rev. Cyrus Jacobs, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 26 April 1836.
    5 pages.ALS.

    Lists a series of objections which Meade feels prevents him from heading the subscription for Bristol College; argues that Alexandria Seminary needs support first, that Virginia money should be put to use in Virginia first; expresses resentment over a thinly-veiled threat if the Virginians fail to cooperate.

    Including TCy of ALS. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    Wk[illiam] Meade [Asst. Bishop of Virginia], n.p. to the Vestry of Bruton Parish, [Williamsburg, Virginia], 28 June 1836.
    5 pages.AL.

    Meade, having read in a Richmond paper of the vestrymen's dissatisfaction with an act passed at the recent Church Convention in Fredericksburg, warns them not to "excite opposition throughout the Parishes; [apparently the Convention voted no to allow non-communicants to be seated in the ecclesiastical assemblies]; notes that the attempt of the vestry to [state-wide] "allay the laity and clergy against each other; "warns them not to bring disfavor upon the College [of Wm. and Mary] by having "no Episcopal services in the place [Williamsburg] notes that non-communicants are afforded more rights than in other churches; argues that it was necessary to restrict [the assemblies] because "any" of the non-communicants practiced "gambling, horseracing, and drinking" during the convention; refers to them as "notorious gamblers, infamous adulterers, and prophane [sic] swearers; "informs them that the Church will not change its mind and "would sooner see a number of her parishes severed from her," than revoke an act of conscience; urges them to alter their course and sue for peace.

    Including TCy of AL. 7 pages.

Correspondence, 1841-1850.
Box: 1-2
43 items.
Series 5: Correspondence, 1841-1850
  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Richmond, [Virginia], to Rt. Rev. [W.] R. Whittingham, Baltimore, [Maryland], 14 Octo[ber] 1840.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Congratulates Whittingham on his consecration as Bishop of Maryland; expresses hope that as Bishop, Whittingham will share Meade's concern for the religious instruction of the slaves; declares that the "Oxford writers" have "fallen into many mischievous errors."

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Report of Agreement with Mr. Lippett, 22 May 1841.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Meade informed Lippett that the Trustees could not "ensure" him for "1000th," which he required in the occupying of the station vacated by a Mr. Meade [Editor of the Southern Churchman]; Lippett refused Meade's personal guarantee of "1000th"; offers to loan Lippett "200th"; complains that most ministers simply accept their position with some uncertainty as to salary and that a like dependence on Providence should be sufficient for Lippett to take the Editor's post [of the Southern Churchman].

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    William Meade, Millwood, Virginia to the minister and church warden of Tillotson Parish, Buckingham County, Virginia, 12 Jan[uary] 1842.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Asks the wardens to hold an inquiry into the case of one of their expelled members [J. M. Fackler] who had applied to Meade, asking for an inquiry, Meade cites the applicable church rules and asks the board of inquiry to report their findings to him so that he may make a judgment.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    William Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to J. M. Fackler, n.p., 12 Janu[ary] 1842.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Informs Fackler that he has instructed the church to investigate Fackler's case and report the findings to Meade; encourages Fackler to abstain from communion during the course of the investigation.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. J. H. Morrison, Buckingham, Virginia, 15 Janu[ary] 1842.
    1 page.ALS.

    Tells Morrison of his correspondence with Fackler and urges Morrison to conclude the matter [of Fackler's exclusion from communion].

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Norfolk, [Virginia], to Mary [Meade], n.p., 4 July 1842.
    1 page.ALS.

    Reports travel itinerary; states that health is as usual; Meade preaches but seldom, confining himself mostly to the duties of the Bishopric.

    Including TCy of ALS. 1 page.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] M[eade], n.p., to [Rev. Paul] Trapin, n.p., 27 Decem[ber] 1842.
    1 pages.Extract of AL.

    Asserts that as Bishop he is "frequently led" to leave the decision of whether a minister should receive an appointment to the consent of the minister and the congregation; expresses approval of Mr. Smith's [?] ministry.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to the Editor of the Banner, n.p., 26 January 1843.
    7 pages.ALS.

    Asks that the Banner editor publish a statement by Meade made in response to the Banner's account of a former Methodist-turned-Episcopal Priest returning to the Methodist Church; notes that the former Methodist was apparently sincere when ordained and examined by Meade and that this desertion was a singular case; argued that nothing more that adherence to the prayer book and the articles of the church, if a minister is sound in the gospel, should be required for entrance into the episcopal ministry; believed that if clergy and laity must renounce any previous non-episcopal church connections as false that this will turn away prospective clergy and laity.

    Including TCy of ALS. 6 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], to Rev. E. R. Lippett, Alexandria, [Virginia] D--of --Co., 10 May 1843.
    1 page.ALS.

    Informs Lippett that his account has been examined and that the subject over which Meade and Lee have disagreement "should be freely considered in the presence of suitable persons;" aks him to bring two witnesses to Lee's house for discussion.

    Including TCy of ALS. 1 page.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood, Virginia], to Cassius Lee, Alexandria, Virginia, 31 Janu[ary] [18]44.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Comforts his friend on the loss of Lee's wife; quotes scripture and poetry to console him.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Mecklenburg, [Virginia], to Mary Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 17 June [18]44.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Notes the activities of the household of which Meade is a guest; believes that his health is improving because of "unusually cool summer;" sends greetings to all at home.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:5
    [Dr.] Henry W. Ducachet, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Rt. Rev. William Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 22 Feb[ruary] 1845.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Expresses gratitude to Meade for the "moral courage you have manifested in bringing a most unworthy man to justice"; adds approval that those of the accused's ilk are at their "downfall."

  • Box-folder 1:5
    William Meade, Suffolk, [Virginia], to the Minister and Vestry of the Episcopal Church in Suffolk, [Virginia], 25 April 1845.
    2 pages.Cy of LS.

    Congratulates them on the commencement of building a new church; warns them, however, not to give the altar the central position to the detriment of the lectionary and pulpit; encourages them to maintain peace in the Virginia diocese by designing the church according to the custom of that area and not returning, as apparently some were doing, to the "Romish forms."

  • Box-folder 1:5
    J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth [Virginia], to Rt. Rev. W[illiam] Meade, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 19 May 1845.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Informs Meade of the case of one in Wingfield's church who voluntarily withdrew himself from communion and was then elected a delegate to the state convention; Wingfield thinks that to attend convention he ought to commune.

  • Box-folder 1:5
    W[illiam] Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], to anonymous correspondent, 27 Ju[ne][18]45.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Regrets that correspondent should think that Meade questioned [or doubted] the correspondent's conscientiousness and conveyed these doubts to a Dr. Waller [?].

  • Box-folder 1:5
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to R. B. Butt [?] and other members of the Vestry ..., Portsmouth, Virginia, 5 August [18]45.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Regrets the continuing conflict between rector and vestrymen; advises that granting an associate rectorship would be contrary to custom; argues from this one unless size demarked it; encourages them to heal the breaches.

  • Box-folder 1:5
    William [Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to General Cochran, n.p., 18 January 1845.
    5 pages.Cy of LS.

    Relates that he had earlier decided to abstain from all distilled liquors; sometimes drinks a domestic wine mixed with water; supports the Temperance Societies but opposes their demands for total abstinence, arguing that there is liberty to drink wine in moderation; believes total abstinence is best for some, but that it shouldn't be insisted upon; youth should abstain; notes that intemperance in eating and drinking are often connected; some eat excessively to have an excuse for drinking; had wine been as strong in the "time of the Prophets and Apostles," Scripture may have forbidden its use.

    Including TCy of L. 8 pages.

  • Box-folder 1:5
    [Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia] to [William Meade], n.p., [post 8 June 1846].
    4 pages.AL.

    Quotes extensively from a document of one of the vestrymen friendly to both parties [Wingfield and the opposing vestry] in which the writer exhorts both sides to lay aside differences, to act charitably, to be in proper subjection to their minister, and not to be so quick to judge; Wingfield then quotes from Murdough who rejected the counsel of charitability and cites remaining differences; Wingfield asserts that no congregation can "gag" him or keep him from preaching "the whole counsel of God."

  • Box-folder 1:5
    Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia, to Rt. Rev. William Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 21 Dec[ember] 1846.
    6 pages.ALS.

    Wingfield, having been called a "high churchman, [and] Romanist" by some in his congregation, denies the charges and assures Meade that it is those laymen who are of "sectarian descent" and revival converts that are acting uncharitably; takes Meade to task for earlier referring favorably to the dissenters and continues to excoriate his attackers in strong terms; asks Meade to state in writing if he knows of anything heretical in W.'s preaching or immoral in his conduct; to undercut W.; feels that his entire "official life is at stake;" pleads for Meade's Judgment.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia, to Rt. Rev. William Meade, Millwood, Virginia, 5 [or] 6 Jan[uar]y 1847.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Begs apology for attributing a phrase to Meade which he never used in referring to the disgruntled vestryman of W's church; asks that the charges these members have sent to Meade be sent to W. expresses surprise that five vestrymen registered dissatisfaction.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    William Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. J. H. Wingfield, [Portsmouth, Virginia], 11 January 1847.
    6 pages.ALS.

    Assures Wingfield of his continued personal regard for him; relates to Wingfield his correspondence with the dissatisfied vestry and reports a few of their objections, such as W's serving of communion on Saint's days; explains that if he were to ignore the complaints as W. wished him to that he would rightly be accused of disregarding the wishes of vestry and congregation; warns him that if the one of his recent letters are an indication, that W. seems open to the charge of imprudence and harshness;" chastens him for his ultraistic views and exhorts him not to count as un-Christian any merely because they are not Episcopalian; in a post script, notes that Bp. John has declined to handle the matter and that Meade will ask the vestry for a complete list of the charges.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood [Virginia], to Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia, 11 Jan[uar]y 1847.
    7 pages.Cy of LS.
  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Mead[sic], Millwood, Virginia, to Dr. Bates[sic] and others of the Vestry of the Episcopal Church, Portsmouth, [Virginia], 14 January [18]47.
    1 page.Cy of LS.

    Informs them of Bp. John's referral of the disputed matters back to him; asks the vestry to give him a complete list of the charges against Wingfield.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, [Virginia], to Right Rev. William Meade, n.p., 28[?], Jan[uar]y 1847.
    12 pages.ALS.

    Acknowledges that Meade has indeed extended countless kindnesses towards him in the past; accuses Meade of encouraging the opposing vestry; quotes long extract for sermon, answering charge that he believed non-Episcopalians not to be Christian; rather argues that the Episcopal Church is the only true church, while still not rejecting the salvation of those truly pious ones outside the church; heaps further abuse on the heads of his opponents; claims that his stand for the Episcopal Church is the true one and makes an appeal to God and conscience; begs to be forgiven of anything offensive, but affirms to know of not other means of defense than those which he has employed.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    [William Meade], n.p. to J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia, 13 March 1847.
    6 pages.AL.

    Argues that the sometimes harsh tone of the Meade-Wingfield correspondence was set by the tone of Wingfield's first letter; reasserts the right of the laity to question a minister; concludes that since Wingfield appears established in his high church views "that there is so little prospect of any good resulting from [Meade's] efforts;" in the meeting which Meade conducted between Wingfield and the vestry, Wingfield apparently afterwards claimed that sermon quotes attributed to him had been misrepresented.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    [William Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to Dr. Watts, Mr. Murdough, and others, [Portsmouth, Virginia], 14 March 1847.
    3 pages.L.

    Declares that he has done all he can to foster understanding between vestry and minister; claims that he can offer no further advice or hope of healing the breach; encourages them not to be overly-critical of Rev. Wingfield.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    [Rev.] J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia to Right Rev. W[illia]m Meade, Fairfax County, Virginia, 26 April 1847.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Explains that one who had earlier offended Wingfield had explained behaviour, but that this person and eleven others withdrew from his church when the congregation voted 3 to 1 to expel the disgruntled vestrymen. These members now take communion in another parish; wants to know whether these members can legitimately be under the ministration of another while residing in his parish.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade n.p., to Rev. J. H. Wingfield, [Portsmouth, Virginia], 10 May 1947.
    3 pages.Cy of LS.

    Explains that if the laity in a town of several parishes can chose which one to attend, that a country parish should afford the same convenience; argues that worship is not merely a matter of convenience, and that it is unsafe and unwise to try to prevent members from attending the parish of their choice; tells Wingfield to be grateful that those who disturbed him are gone.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood, Virginia], to Rev. W. Jones, Millwood [Virginia], 22 August 1847.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Advises him to seize the opportunity which Providence has provided, resign his Virginia parish, and accept an appointment in Memphis, [Tennessee].

  • Box-folder 2:1
    [William Meade], [ca 1847].
    1 page.AMs.

    [Endorsement reads], "Sketch of advise which Bishop Meade had it in his mind to give to Rev. W. G. H. Jones and to which he refers in a letter to him. It does not appear that it was given." Advises to avoid "controversy, raising doubts, arguing"; urges caution in speech, and regularity in parochial visits.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. J. H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Virginia, 29 August [18]47.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Expresses dissatisfaction with the tone of some of Wingfield's language used in an earlier letter.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam Meade], [Dec. 1847].
    1 page.ADS.

    Declares that vestryman Briswell [?] told him of [Rev. Mr. Jones's] resignation and wondered whether he had really secured a position in Memphis. Meade said that he had seen the Memphis letter offering him [Jones] the minister's position; Meade notes at bottom that he wrote this because Mr. Jones thought Meade's reply affirming that he had seen Jones's letter induced the vestry to accept Jones's resignation.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    William Meade, [account of conversations with minister, Rev. W. J. H. Jones, and vestry of parish church, Millwood, Virginia], 23 Decem[ber] 1847.
    4 pages.AD.

    Jones had earlier considered threatening resignation, hoping that the vestry would raise his salary; Meade told him that instead the vestry would accept his resignation; when he finally offered resignation after having secured a position in Memphis, a polite but insincere pleas on the part of some for him to stay almost induced Jones to stay; Meade encouraged him, once again, to leave.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to [Rev. W. G. H. Jones], n.p., 27 Decem[ber] [18]47.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Wishes Jones well as he departs Millwood and regrets the misunderstandings between them.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade n.p., to Dr. R. C. Randolph, n.p., 27 December 1847.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Explains his reasons for opposing [Rev.] Hutchinson's appointment [at Millwood, Virginia] and that it was not because of any personal ill-will.

  • Box-folder 2:1
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. W. Hutchinson, n.p., 1 January 1848.
    3 pages.ALS.

    The document was apparently enclosed with the letter; when Hutchinson's name was mentioned as a successor to the recently resigned Millwood parish rector, Meade expresses disapproval because Hutchinson's wife has a number of relatives in the congregation; notes that about fifteen parishes have ministers with close personal ties and that it is not a good arrangement; assures Hutchinson that he has no personal ill regard for him but that he is especially concerned since Millwood is Meade's home parish.

    Including AD re: Case of Thomas Hutchinson, written by Meade testifying to the documents veracity. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    W[illiam] Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], to [Rev. James Craik, Louisville, Kentucky]. 9 May 1850.
    3 pages.Cy of LS.

    Expresses pleasure over Craik's recent work on baptismal regeneration and notes that Craik's position is that of the Reformers; takes exception with Craik's restricted use of the word "regeneration;" reports that Meade has sent a copy of his review of Wilberforces's work on the incarnation which Meade attacks as "unscriptural and unprotestant."

  • Box-folder 2:2
    William Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to the Editor of the Episcopal Recorder, n.p., 17 July 1850.
    7 pages.ALS. Probably Draft.

    Responds to a letter from an earlier edition of the Recorder in which an anonymous correspondent noted Meade's approbation of an essay by James Craik; quotes extensively from letter which he sent to Craik congratulating him on a sermon which Craik published on "Baptismal Regeneration"; supported Craik's view that the operations of the Holy Spirit were not contingent on baptism as supported by the reformers; takes exception to his "restricted an exclusive use of the term "regeneration"; argues that the Holy Spirit bestows gifts sovereignly; concludes that more good would be done concentrating on the Scriptures rather than searching for what the Fathers or Reformers wrote; on the whole, he argues that more success is to be found in preaching the plain Gospel of Christ to perishing sinners.

    Including printed leaflet of text. Taken from the Episcopal Recorder.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    Bishop Philander Chase, Cincinatti, Ohio, to Rt. Rev. W[illiam] Meade, Virginia, 17 Oct[ober] 1850.
    1 page.ALS.

    Requests him to preside at the consecration of Rev. Paine as the Bishop of Cape Palmas and its vicinity in Africa.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [Bishop William Whittingham, Baltimore, Maryland], to the Archbishops and Bishops of the Church of England, [27 December 1850].
    3 pages.Cy of L.

    Expresses concern for the "recent encroachments and assaults upon that [the Anglican] Church;" refers to the Pope's establishing of the Catholic hierarchy as schismatical; refers to "embarrassments" [the conversions of Newman and Ware (?)], as having affected the "free action" of Anglican ministers in the discharge of the "highest spiritual trust"; urges them to "deliberate in solemn council for the preservation of the faith."

    Including TCy of L. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    William Meade, to the Editors of the Protestant Churchman,n.p. [ca. 1850's].
    4 pages.ALS.

    Emphatically denies that he has ever introduced "political discussions into the pulpit"; reports that he doesn't even vote, so as not to offend anyone; believes politics to be inimical to piety; expresses fear whether the union of the Church [between North and South] can be maintained.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    Samuel [?], Bishop of the Diocese of Oxford, [England], [ca. 1850 or 1851].
    1 page.PD.

    Protests the division of England into dioceses by the Pope and the appointing of Catholic bishops to serve over those dioceses.

Correspondence, 1851-1860.
Box-folder: 2:2-4
29 items.
Series 6: Correspondence, 1851-1860
  • Box-folder 2:2
    [William Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to Bishop Whittingham [Bp. of Maryland], 3 January 1851.
    6 pages.Cy of AL.

    Suggests that Whittingham's proposal for an address to the English Bishops is ill-advised; even though the address would attack the "present assault" of the Roman see on the Church, the call for a convocation therein may aid rather than hinder the tractarians; declares that the American church should be grateful that it is not tied like the English church to be state; the English church could easily argue that the American [Episcopal] church's voluntary system is as open to appeal from Rome as the acts of the preceding [30] years had made the English church vulnerable.

    Including TCy of L. 5 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [Rt. Rev.] W[illiam] R. Whittingham, Baltimore, [Maryland], to William Meade, n.p., 13 January 1851.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Requests that Meade endorse a document drafted by Bishop Brownell which would express the support of the American Episcopal Bishops for their Anglican brethren. Brownell's document [is more temperate than was Whittingham's, yet] still refers to the Pope's action as schismatical.

    Incl. 1 D, drafted by Bishop Brownell.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [William Meade], Millwood [Virginia], to [William R. Whittingham, Baltimore, Maryland], 18 Jan[uar]y 1851.
    4 pages.Cy of S.

    Explains that he cannot sign Brownell's circular; reports that he has not read the pope's "offensive document" and that the argument that the establishment of the hierarchy in England is schismatical would open the English to the same charge in Canada where the "Romanists predominate;" has drawn up his own letter which avoids some of the pitfalls of the others; requests that if approved it be transmitted to the Archbishop of Canterbury.

    Including TCy of L. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [William Meade], n.p. to the Archbishops and Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church of England, [ca. 18 Jan. 1851].
    4 pages.LS.

    Draft of letter under date 14 Feb[ruary] 1851.

    Including TCy of AL. 4 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [Rt. Rev.] Philander Chase, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 14 February 1851.
    2 pages.Cy of LS. [prob. in the hand of a clerk].

    Explains that distance involved between American bishops is so great that it would almost be impossible to have all sign a letter; enclosed Meade's letter and hopes that this will evidence the concern of the American Bishops.

    Including TCy of L. 2 pages. Next item is an Enclosure to this one.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    Phil[ander] Chase [signed L as presiding Bishop in America, drafted by William Meade], n.p. to the Archbishops and Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church of England, 14 Feb[ruary] 1851.
    4 pages.Cy of LS.

    Expresses concern that the Catholic Church has made an appeal to the English to return to the faith and expresses dismay over those in both Great Britain and the U.S. who have returned to the Roman Catholic communion; encourages them to be true to the principles of the primitive church and the Reformers; prays for grace for the English church.

    Including TCy of LS. 5 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    William Rollinson Whittingham, Baltimore, Maryland to the Bishops of the PEC in the U.S., 7 April 1851.
    1 page.PDS.

    Protests to a letter signed "Philander Chase" addressed to the English and Irish clerical hierarchy; affirms that Chase's position as President in the House of Bishops does not entitle him to presume to speak for all the American bishops and most emphatically declares that he doesn't speak for him.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [Bishop] Philander Chase, Jubilee College, n.p., to William Meade, n.p., 29 April [1851].
    2 pages.ALS.

    Expresses sympathy for health problems; apologies for making any statement to cause Meade distress, particularly a reference to "extreme Calvinism;" writes that he knows not what effect Whittingham's protest will have; asks for advice.

    Including 1 TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [William Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to the Executive Committee of the Sunday School Union of the P.E. Church, n.p., 17 [September ?] 1851.
    4 pages.AL. Draft

    Accuses the Union of quoting him from a 1827 letter when he approved of their activity;' charges them, however, with increasing Tractarian support and expresses disapproval.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    [Rt. Rev.] Manton Eastham, Boston, [Massachusetts], to W[illiam] Meade, n.p., 29 Sep[tember] 1851.
    1 page.ALS.

    Will take no steps in the charges from New Jersey against Bishop Doane.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    William Meade, Millwood, [Virginia] to [?], 16 December 1851.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Assures correspondent that he never intended to enter the Presbyterian ministry and that his friend Mr. Hill did not try to proselytize him but encouraged him to enter the Episcopal ministry.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    W[illiam] Meade, June 1852.
    2 pages.ADS.

    Declares that he was brought up in the Episcopal Church and that he had never had any design of entering the Presbyterian ministry.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    [Rt. Rev.] C. P. M[cilvaine], Parish, [France], to William Meade, n.p., 28 May 1853.
    4 pages.ALS

    Relates his journeys through England and the occasion to speak from different pulpits which it afforded him; made the case for evangelicalism wherever he went; noted that the High Church there was high and dry; warns Meade "Don't let this [letter] go out of your hands."

  • Box-folder 2:3
    W[illiam Meade], n.p., to Rev. Thos. Atkinson, n.p., 17 June [18]53.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Notes that correspondence between Meade and Atkinson has been of an official nature and not of a personal one because they differ in their views of church polity; fears that he is a tractarian; believes that he is not the worst choice for the Bishopric of North Carolina; informs him that he knows that many of the laity were opposed to the selection of anyone other than a Low Churchman; wished him well in the episcopate.

    Including TCy of ALS. 5 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    [William Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to the Editor of the Calendar, n.p., 20 July 1853.
    4 pages.AL. Incomplete.

    Addresses the paper regarding two correspondents who had attacked a book as misleading which Meade had published containing extracts of J.M.'s [?] work on Baptismal Regeneration; argues that his design in publishing the book was to give an extract that was "as practical and useful as possible"; to have published the offending omitted passages would not have been "profitable" and would have been unrepresentative.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    [William Meade], Millwood, [Virginia], to a minister [?], 25 July [18]53.
    4 pages.Cy of LS.

    Expresses dismay over some of the errors which Wilberforce had fallen into in his History of the American Church, perhaps because of his remarks on slaveholders, to which the Southern Bishops objected; noted that English clergy might come to the General Convention in New York if invited, but that the invitation would be better if from a private individual or society; hopes no English clergy will come; affirms affection for England and the early influence of Wilberforce.

    Including TCy of L. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    W[illiam] Meade, Winchester, Virginia, to Rev. J. A. Weed, Richmond, Virginia, 22 May [18]54.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Urges Weed, who has been attending Roman Catholic services to choose between the Episcopal and Roman Catholic churches; argues that since he was trained in an Episcopal seminary and has been preaching for ten years that he ought to choose between the two churches.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    William Meade, King George Co., [Virginia], to [?], 20 June [18]54.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Informs correspondent that Bishop Whittingham warned Meade that he was injuring the Church by maintaining his association with the E. K. S. [Evangelical Knowledge Society] and that the E. K. S. had accused the Church of being corrupt; Meade argued that they had only noted that there was error in the church.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    W[illiam] Meade, "Mountain View," [Millwood, Virginia], to Ann [?], 8 Decem[ber] [18]54.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Expresses a long-held desire that a commentary on certain portions of the Bible be prepared for slaves; sends personal regards.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    Henry I. Whitehouse [Bishop of Illinois], Bloomington, Illinois, to [William] Meade, n.p., 30 April 1857.
    1 page.ALS.

    Reports that one of the Virginia clergymen had moved into Whitehouse's district and that he had not reported to Bp. Whitehouse; asks Meade's advice.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illiam] Meade n.p., to the Reve[rends] John Grammar, John Black, William W. Pendleton, and Messeurs [sic] Blair Dabury and Edward Taylor n.p., [ca. June or July 1857].
    3 pages.ALS.

    Appoints these men as a court of inquiry in the case of the Rev. Mr. Castleman of Staunton, charged with trying "to persuade to sinful conduct" a female parishioner; notes that since the female has no witnesses, that her character must be carefully examined; urges them to fairly examine the charges and report their findings so that it can be determined whether a canonical trial be held.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Rev. T. T. Castleman, n.p. 24 July 1857.
    1 page.Cy of LS.

    Sends Castleman a letter dimmissory which he may present to the Bishop of Illinois; [Castleman had apparently earlier had ecclesiastical charges brought against him.]

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W. R. Whittingham, Baltimore, [Maryland], to W[illia]m Meade, n.p., 25 July 1857.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Asks Meade for the testimonial required by canon for the transfer of a clergymen from one ecclesiastical district [Virginia] to another [Maryland].

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illia]m Meade, Millwood, [Virginia], to Bishop [Henry I.] Whitehouse, [Illinois], 26 July [18]57.
    1 page.Cy of LS.

    Transfer T. T. Castleman from the Virginia to the Illinois diocese; notes that he was acquitted of "improper familiarity with a female," but was suspended for six months for falsehoods relating to the same.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    William Rollinson Whittingham, Baltimore [Maryland] to William Meade, n.p., 4 Aug[ust] 1857.
    1 page.ALS.

    Informs him of the receipt of the satisfactory testimonial which Meade sent regarding the transfer of a Virginia cleric to Maryland.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illiam] M[eade], [1859].
    2 pages.AMsS.

    [Endorsement reads], "Statement of Bishop Meade of something that occurred during the administration of communion at Gen. Convention in Richmond by which Bishop McCoskey was offended."

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illia]m Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], 26 April 1859.
    2 pages.Cy of D[S].

    Expresses opinion on the election of vestrymen for St. Paul's Church in Alexandria; argues that since majority were present only for the election of 8 out of 12 vestrymen, that only those 8 should serve; the endorsement [in another hand] reads, "Opinion of Bishop as the lawfulness and expediency of ladies voting at the election of vestrymen." [This cannot be gathered from the letter, however].

  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], to anon. minister, 11 May 1860.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Informs him that he cannot give him a dimmissory note; has asked three presbyters to examine his case and report the findings to Meade.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    William Rollinson Whittingham, Baltimore, [Md.], to William Meade, Virginia, 8 September 1860.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Notes that he is in receipt of Meade's notice of Rev. G. W. Mayer's six-month suspension; argues that if, as W understand, Mayer was privately and publicly reprimanded, denied a dismissory note, and advised to renounce the ministry all before he was tried, then Mayer was treated unjustly; Whittingham will receive him charitably on any dismissory note.

Correspondence, 1861-1870.
Box-folder: 2:4
3 items.
Series 7: Correspondence, 1861-1870
  • Box-folder 2:4
    W[illiam] Meade, Columbia, [South Carolina], to anon. correspondent, 29 Octo[ber] 1861.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Complains of bodily pains; reports the efforts of some in the newly-formed Southern Church to convince the convention to change the name to "Reformed Catholic;" North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi bishops strongly advocated it, but it failed to pass, some wanted to denounce all other denominations, but to Meade's relief, that proposition failed; related the efforts of some to return to more "primitive church;" Virginia will be more alone in Southern Church [because of her more liberal views].

    Including TCy of ALS. 3 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    [William Meade], [Nov. 1861].
    4 pages.AMs. Fragment.

    [According to endorsement], "Thoughts of Bishop Meade prepared for the Confederate Convention at Columbia [South Carolina the first Convention after the split of the Southern Church]; laments the factionalism among the Bishops; proposes reform in the Southern Church of the method of electing bishops; notes that the Bishops should not historically replace their own members; expresses desire of Virginia to "cast in their lot" with their Southern Brethren if it can be done without "the sacrifice of principle and right;" notes that the Virginia church is outnumbered by those who disagree with her; asks for charity.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    [William Meade], [ca. 1861].
    2 pages.AMs.

    Discusses representation in various bodies throughout history: Israel, Greece, the Counsel of the Apostles in Acts, the German Confederation, Houses of Lords and Commons in England, American precedents. Asks what would be reaction in Confederate Congress [?] if such is the case with our church representation," he replies. [Apparently referring to the attempt of the Episcopal Churches which united in the South under the Confederation to give Virginia a lesser role in church matters.]

Correspondence, n.d.
Box-folder: 2:5
7 items.
Series 8: Correspondence, Undated
  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] Meade, Norfolk, [Virginia], to Thomas Nelson, Richmond, Virginia, 29 March n.y.
    2 pages.ALS.

    Requests that he [Nelson] find a certain portrait painter who "took a picture of my wife some years ago" and who retained possession; asks him to send the picture down by the first boat.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] Meade, Alexandria, [Virginia], D.C., to Mary Meade [sister], Shepherdstown, Virginia, 24 Aprill[sic] n.y.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Expresses concern that "Lucy" should be at Battletown before the Clerk of the County [at a certain time]; notes that Lucy must do this before leaving the state and that "Mr. Rochester" [?] "seems desirous to have her." [Apparently a slave]; relates personal news.

    Including TCy of ALS. 1 page.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] Meade, n.p., to Bishop [John] Johns, Richmond, Virginia, 29 Decem[ber] n.y
    4 pages.ALS.

    Notifies him that Mr. Macdoner [?] is on his way to his post; complains that his sermons are "too full of figures," and too long.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] M[eade], n.d.
    2 pages.AMs.

    Explains the practice of the primitive church in relations to clerical discipline; notes that the government of all the clergy and the exercise of discipline resided in the Bishop; noted that an appeal could be made to a synod of presbyters; reports that he has always asked the ecclesiatical court to express their opinion as to the punishment, since the Bishop might err.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    [William Meade], n.d.
    1 page.AMs.

    [Endorsement reads], Notes of Bishop Meade on the sermon of Rev. R. H. Williams [?] before the Alumni. Refers to a conversation in which, interalia, the evils of Calvinism were objected to; reports that this minister [Williams] goes beyond the Church's teaching [apparently in condemning those who don't think as he does].

  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] Meade, The Fork--Cumberland, [Virginia] to Philip Meade [son], Millwood, Virginia, n.d.
    3 pages.ALS.

    Mentions health, weather, and travel itinerary; advises him to get planks, "for enclosing a small bathing room under the stairs;" sends greetings and asks for health information.

    Including TCy of ALS. 2 pages.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    W[illiam] Meade n.p., to Miss Susan Meade, Arlington, Virginia, n.d.
    1 page.ALS.

    Expresses desire to visit; relates health and other personal matters.

    Including TCy of ALS. 1 page.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    [William Meade, ? (name scratched out)], to anonymous correspondent. n.d.
    4 pages.ALS.

    Explains that a publication written in his [?] youth and signed "Aurelius" now serves as a source of much sorrow and regret and he laments its present publication.

Correspondence - Addition, 1 January 1851.
Other type: Sm. Coll. Add. 20
1 item.
Series 9: Correspondence - Addition
  • Other Type Sm. Coll. Add. 20
    William Meade, Prospect Hill [Virginia] to Nathaniel Burwell, Baltimore, Maryland, 1 Jan[uary 18]51.
    1 page.Cy of ALS.

    Claims some booksellers may take a few of his journals but he does not trust Brunet [?], the Episcopal bookseller in Baltimore for he owes him money for books left with him and had told falsehoods about the money; Hanford & Iwards have sent 200 vols. to him [NB]; is sick with a cold; is writing in a hurry to give L. Paul time enough to get to Wichester [Winchester] tonight; all would send love if they knew he was writing.

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Moore, Richard Channing, 1762-1841.
  • Whittingham, William Rollinson, 1809-1879.
  • William Meade
  • Wingfield, J. H.