A Guide to the William MacFarland Patton Papers, 1896 Patton, William MacFarland Papers Ms1954-001

A Guide to the William MacFarland Patton Papers, 1896

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms1954-001


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Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

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© 2010 By Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. All rights reserved.

Processed by: John M. Jackson, Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms1954-001
Title
William MacFarland Patton Papers, 1896
Physical Characteristics
0.7 cu. ft. 1 box, 1 oversize folder
Creator
Patton, William MacFarland
Language
English
Abstract
Papers of William MacFarland Patton, civil engineer and professor at Virginia Agricultural & Mechanical College (now Virginia Tech). Includes a partial draft of Patton's book, A Practical Treatise on Foundations and draft of an unpublished textbook on civil engineering, together with patent documentation for two inventions.

Adminstrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the William MacFarland Patton Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: William MacFarland Patton Papers, Ms1954-001, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The Willliam MacFarland Patton Papers were acquired by Newman Library in 1954.

Processing Information

The processing, arrangement, and description of the William MacFarland Patton Papers commenced and was completed in February, 2011.


Biographical Note

William MacFarland Patton, the son of John M. and Margaret William Patton, was born in Richmond, Virginia on August 22, 1845. He attended the Virginia Military Institute during the Civil War and served with the cadet corps in the Battle of New Market in 1864. Patton graduated from VMI in 1869 and left Virginia to engage in engineering in Central America and the Caribbean. Patton became an adjunct professor of civil egineering at VMI in 1873 and was promoted to full professor the following year, when he was also comissioned a colonel of hte state militia, a position he would hold until 1882, when he returned to private enterprise. During the next five years, he was involved in construction of the B&O Railroad Susquhanna River bridge at Havre de Grace, Maryland, and the Ohio River bridge at Point Pleasant, West virginia, among other projects and also served as chief engineer of the Mobile and Birmingham and the Louisville, St. Louis and Texas railways. In 1887, he reutrned to VMI as chair of civil engineering and remained for two years. From 1889 to 1896, Patton was chiefly engaged in writing A Practical Treatise on Foundations and A Treatise on Civil Engineering, while also working on various engineering projects, including the Chicago Drainage Canal. In 1896, Patton was appointed the civil engineering chair at Virginia Agricultural & Mechanical College (now Virginia Tech); he was named the first dean of the university's engineering department in 1904, and held that position until his death the following year.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains the papers of William MacFarland Patton, a professor of civil engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute. The collection includes two manuscript drafts. The first of these, though incomplete and unidentified, represents the supplemental section of the second edition of Patton's A Practical Treatise on Foundations. The second draft comprises a text book on civil engineering, apparently never published. Together with the manuscript pages are printed pages detached from Patton's A Treatise on Civil Engineering, to be incorporated in the new work. The manuscript is accompanied by a cover letter to the publisher from Patton. Also within the collection is patent documentation for two inventions by Patton: a breakwater and a pneumatic caisson. The collection also contains drawings for a bridge designed by McNairy, Claflin & Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Completing the collection is the cover of a Virginia Agricultural & Mechanical College writing tablet, bearing an early photograph of Academic Building 1 and Academic Building 2.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged by subject matter.


Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College and Polytechnic Institute
  • Local Subjects:

  • Faculty
  • Science and Technology
  • University Archives

Contents List

Box-folder 1-1
Supplement to A Practical Treatise on Foundations, n.d.
[2 folders]
Box-folder 1-2
"Text Book on Civil Engineering," 1896.
[7 folders]
Box-folder 1-3
Patent documentation, n.d.
Box-folder 1-4
Virginia Agricultural & Mechanical College tablet cover, n.d.
Oversize 1
Drawing for patent breakwater, designed by Patton, 1893.
Oversize 1

Digitization of this drawing has been supported by a gift in memory of Frederick Louis Daniel "Fritz" Hoffman, class of 2013.