A Guide to the R. Baxter Brown Diary, 1864 Brown, R. Baxter Diary Ms2010-043

A Guide to the R. Baxter Brown Diary, 1864

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms2010-043


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© 2010 By Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. All rights reserved.

Processed by: John M. Jackson, Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms2010-043
Title
R. Baxter Brown Diary 1864
Physical Characteristics
1 container; 0.1 cu. ft.
Creator
Creator
Language
English
Abstract
Civil War Diary of R. Baxter Brown, lieutenant in Company I, 11th New Hampshire Infantry.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the R. Baxter Brown Diary must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: R. Baxter Brown Diary, Ms2010-043, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The R. Baxter Brown Diary was purchased by Special Collections in 2010.

Processing Information

The processing and description of the R. Baxter Brown Diary commenced and was completed in June 2010.


Biographical Information

R. Baxter Brown was born in Candia, New Hampshire. On August 15, 1862, he enlisted in Company I of the 11th New Hampshire Infantry, which mustered into Federal service on September 2. Appointed a first sergeant, the 21-year-old Brown was wounded in the right breast and shoulder at the Battle of Fredericksburg. After convalescing at Washington D.C. and Philadelphia, Brown received a medical discharge from the service. He rejoined his regiment at Knoxville, however, and at the Battle of the Wilderness temporarily assumed command of Company I following the wounding of the company's captain. At the Battle of Spotsylvania, Brown was wounded in the left hand and was sent to St. John's Hospital in Annapolis, Maryland. He was commissioned a second lieutenant on July 25, 1864 and rejoined his regiment on September 11. At the Battle of Pegram Farm (September 30), he received a serious wound to his left thigh and a slight wound to his neck. He rejoined the regiment in mid-November and served until the regiment was mustered out of service on June 4, 1865. Following the war, Brown worked as a shoemaker. The 1870 census records 29-year-old Baxter Brown living in Haverhill, Massachusetts with 28-year-old Nancy Baxter, and a four-month-old baby, Bertha L. Baxter. In the 1880 census, Richard B. Baxter, a 39-year-old shoe contractor, is listed among the residents of Haverhill. Also in the household is 10-year-old daughter Bertha and a six-year-old son, Lutten. Baxter was still living in Haverhill as of 1891 and is reported among those attending regimental reunions as late as 1896.

Scope and Content

This collection consists of the Civil War diary of Lieutenant R. Baxter Brown of Company I, 11th New Hampshire Infantry. Brown's diary notes weather conditions; his regiment's movements through Tennessee, Kentucky, Maryland, and northern Virginia; the departure of some regiments; the re-enlistment of others; and the arrival of new recruits. During July, Brown's diary entries frequently mention actions relating to Jubal Early's raid on Washington D.C. On July 13 he writes, "All business suspended and citizens called to defend the city which is under Martial law." The following day, he reports the presence of three gunboats in the Potomac River. The diary proceeds through the remainder of the year and is appended with a two-page description of his regiment's actions at the Battle of Pegram's Farm.

Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Civil War
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Diaries

Adjunct Descriptive Data

Bibliography

Cogswell, Leander W., A History of the Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment, Volunteer Infantry in the Rebellion War, 1861-1865 (Concord, N.H.: Republican Press Association, 1891).

Bibliography

Cogswell, Leander W., A History of the Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment, Volunteer Infantry in the Rebellion War, 1861-1865 (Concord, N.H.: Republican Press Association, 1891).

Contents List

Folder 1
Diary 1864