William Latham Candler Papers, 1861-1863 Candler, William Latham, Papers Ms1997-007

William Latham Candler Papers, 1861-1863

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms1997-007


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Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

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URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/

© 2009 By Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. All rights reserved.

Processed by: Danielle Morrison and Brad Shearer, student assistants, and Laura Katz Smith, Manuscripts Curator, Special Collections

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms1997-007
Title
William Latham Candler Papers, 1861-1863
Physical Characteristics
1 folder; 0.1 cu. ft.
Creator
William Latham Candler
Language
English
Abstract
The collection consists of fourteen letters, dating from September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863, from Candler to his uncle Charles [probably maternal uncle Charles Henry Wheelwright]and his brother, John W. Candler of Boston. Candler's letters were written from camps in Maryland and Virginia.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the William Latham Candler Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: William Latham Candler Papers, Ms1997-007, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The William Latham Candler Papers were purchased by Special Collections in April 1997.

Alternate Form Available

Transcripts and images (jpgs) of the letters are available online. See the "Contents List" section of the finding aid for links.

Processing Information

The processing, arrangement, and description of the William Latham Candler Papers commenced and was completed in 1997. Additional description was completed in October 2009.


Biographical Information

William Latham Candler of Brookline, Massachusetts, served in Company A of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, Army of the Potomac, during the Civil War. He enlisted on May 25, 1861, as a 1st Lieutenant, and was promoted to Captain and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers, in November 1862. He served as a captain in General Joseph Hooker's staff from November 10, 1862, until his resignation from service in May 1863.

For more information see: Cudworth, Warren H., History of the First Regiment (Massachusetts Infantry), from the 25th of May, 1861, to the 25th of May, 1864; including Brief References to the Operations of the Army of the Potomac (Boston, Walker, Fuller, and Company, 1866). Spec Civil War E513.5 1st .C88 1866

For brief biographical notes on some of the Civil War figures Candler mentions in his letters, see the list of supplemental infomation.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of fourteen letters, dating from September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863, from Candler to his uncle Charles [probably maternal uncle Charles Henry Wheelwright] and his brother, John W. Candler of Boston.

The letters are articulate and descriptive, replete with Candler's strong opinions about the state of the Union, the abilities of the generals (Union and Confederate) who were running the war and the politicians who were running the country, and his own ambitions for advancing in rank and status in the army. On May 10, 1862, he writes from Williamsburg, Virginia, about the engagement with the Confederates and their sharpshooters. His June 24, 1962, letters from Fair Oaks, Virginia, and his July 7, 1862 letter from Harrison's Bar, Virginia, describe his units participation in the Battle of Mechanicsville, which was part of the Seven Days Campaign.

Candler's November 6, 1862, letter, written from Washington, D.C., has much about General George McClellan's political troubles, written soon before McClennan was removed from command of the Army of the Potomac and replaced by Ambrose E. Burnside. His December 21, 1862, letter disparagingly comments on the Union army's performance at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, on December 13.

Candler interspersed the letters with his concerns about the well-being of his fiance, and later, wife, Fannie, and his fear that his brother John will join the army and leave no one to care for their mother or John's children. Candler often asks his brother, a businessman in Boston, to send money.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in chronological order.

Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Civil War
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Contents List

Folder 1
Letter from Camp Union, Bladensburg, Maryland to his uncle, September 8, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp Union, Bladensburg, Maryland to his uncle, September 10, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp Union, Bladensburg, Maryland to his brother, October 22, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp Union, Bladensburg, Maryland to his brother, October 23, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp Hooker-Duncaster Charles Co., Maryland (near Budds Ferry) to his brother, November 2, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp Hooker-Lower Potomac, Maryland (near Budds Ferry) to his brother, December 8, 1861.
Folder 1
Letter from Office of Provost Marshall in Mayor Saunder's house in Williamsburg, Virginia, to his uncle, May 10, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Head Quarters Hooker's Div.-Camp near Fair Oaks, Virginia, to his brother, June 24, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp near Harrison's Bar, Virginia, to his brother, July 7, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp near Harrison's Landing, Virginia, to his brother, July 15, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp near James River, Virginia, to his brother, July 18, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from National Hotel in Washington, D.C., to his brother, November 6, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Camp near Potomac Creek to his brother, December 21, 1862.
Folder 1
Letter from Head Quarters of Army of the Potomac–Camp near Falmouth to his brother, February 15, 1863.