A Guide to the Carter/Cash Family Collection, c.1940-2009 Carter/Cash Family Collection Ms2009-090

A Guide to the Carter/Cash Family Collection, c.1940-2009

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms2009-090


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Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Special Collections, University Libraries (0434)
560 Drillfield Drive
Newman Library, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061
USA
Phone: (540) 231-6308
Fax: (540) 231-3694
Email: specref@vt.edu
URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/

©2009 By Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. All rights reserved.

Processed by: Lora Settle, Graduate Assistant, and Kira A. Dietz, Processing and Acquisitions Archivist, Special Collections

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms2009-090
Title
Carter/Cash Family Collection c.1940-2009
Physical Characteristics
1.0 cu. ft.; 1 box
Collector
Collector
Language
English
Abstract
The Carter/Cash Family Collection contains memoirs, biographies, photographs, funeral programs, newspaper and magazine articles, and memorabilia relating to the Carter family and Johnny Cash.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the Carter/Cash Family Collection must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Carter/Cash Family Collection, Ms2009-090, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The initial materials for the Carter/Cash Family Collection were purchased by Special Collections in June 2009. Additional materials were purchased by Special Collections in two further accruals during July and August 2009.

Processing Information

The processing, arrangement, and description of the initial Carter/Cash Family Collection materials commenced and was completed in June 2009. The processing, arrangement, and description of accruals was completed in August 2009.


Biographical/Historical Information

In the early 1900s, "hillbilly" music was being recorded in studios in northern states. The distance from the mountains of Tennessee and Virginia made it difficult for musicians to record their music. Ralph Peer–a producer for Victor Talking Machine Company in Bristol, Tennessee–decided to take advantage of this booming genre of music by establishing a recording studio on the second floor of the Taylor-Christian Hat Company on State Street in Bristol. In 1927, Peer recorded several songs with musicians that, to this day, are still regarded as the mothers and fathers of country music. Ralph Peer is also credited with discovering Jimmie Rodgers–one of country music's legends–at the Bristol Sessions.

In response to Peer's call for musicians, Alvin Pleasant "A.P." Delaney Carter, his wife, Sara Doughtery Carter, and his sister-in-law, Maybelle Kilgore Addington Carter traveled to Bristol to record their music. The Carter Family recorded six songs and soon became known as the "first family" of country music. The Carter Family continued to grow in size and musical talent. Maybelle Carter and her husband Ezra (A.P's brother) were the parents of June (1929-2003), Helen (1927-1998), and Anita (1933-1999), who later performed as the Carter Sisters. Although Johnny Cash (1932-2003) was, arguably, one of the most influential country music artists of all time, his music broke the boundaries of traditional country music, spilling over into other genres including blues, gospel, and rock and roll. Since his marriage to June Carter in 1968, he has been considered a member of the Carter family musicians.

For additional information on the Carter and Cash families, see:

Birthplace of Country Music website.

Streissguth, Micheal. Johnny Cash: The Biography. Cambridge, MA: Da Cape Press, 2006. Newman Library 3 rd Floor ML 420 .C265 S66 2006

Zwonitzer, Mark. Will You Miss Me When I'm Gone?: The Carter Family and Their Legacy in American Music. New York: Simon & Schuster, c2002. Newman Library 3 rd Floor ML 421 .C33 Z86 2002/Special Collections Rare Book Collection ML 421 .C33 Z86 2002 c.2 Spec Large

Scope and Content

The Carter/Cash Family Collection contains memoirs written by Janette Carter and Gladys Millard (daughters of A.P. and Sara), biographies, discographies, sheet music, and a compact disc recording titled The Original Carter Family in Texas (1999). In addition to this material, the collection includes programs from the Carter Family Memorial Festival and Craft Show (2000, 2002-2004, and 2008), funeral services for second generation Carter musicians and Johnny Cash, and special events at the Carter Family Fold. The Carter/Cash Family Collection also contains photographs, newspaper and magazine articles, and memorabilia, such as Maybelle's hunting and fishing license (1975) and a Carter Fold volunteer badge.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in three series–Series I: Memoirs and Biographies, Series II: Memorabilia, and Series III: Newspaper and Magazine Articles.

Series I: Memoirs and Biographies, 1980-2005, n.d. This series includes two memoirs written by Janette Carter (1983, 2005). The earliest of these two memoirs is autographed by Janette and Joe Carter, and the more recent memoir is autographed by Janette Carter, Flo (A.P. and Sara's first grandchild, the daughter of Gladys) and Johnny Wolfe (Flo's husband), and Dale (Janette's son) and Teresa Jett (Dale's wife). This series also contains a memoir written about A.P. Carter by Gladys Millard (n.d.), as well as a collection of Carter Family sheet music with a biography written by Johnny Cash (1980). This series is arranged chronologically.

Series II: Memorabilia, 1941-2008, n.d. This series is comprised primarily of items relating to the Carter family's music, programs of events involving the family, and photographs. The series has been divided into the following five Subseries:

Subseries A: Discographies, n.d. This Subseries includes two discographies of the Carter Sisters and Mother Maybelle, one of which includes performances with Chet Atkins. It is likely that these discographies were meant to accompany audio recordings of the listed songs. This Subseries is arranged by material type.

Subseries B: Music, 1944-1999, n.d. This Subseries includes two books of sheet music (1944, n.d.) and a compact disc recording titled The Original Carter Family in Texas (1999). This Subseries is arranged by material type.

Subseries C: Programs, 2000-2008, n.d. This Subseries includes programs from the 26 th, 28 th, 29 th, 30 th, and 34 th Annual Carter Family Memorial Festival and Craft Show (2000, 2002-2004, 2008), as well as the Carter Fold performance schedule for May and June of 2003. This Subseries also contains programs from the dedication ceremony for the A.P. Carter Cabin (2004) and the Janette Carter Memorial Gospel Concert (2008). In addition to event programs, this Subseries also includes funeral programs for June Carter Cash (2003), Johnny Cash (2003), Joe D. Carter (2005), and Janette Carter (2006). This Subseries is arranged chronologically within each event type.

Subseries D: Photographs, 2002, n.d. This subseries includes a photograph of the original Carter Family (n.d.), a small portrait of Maybelle (n.d.), a small picture of Janette performing (1965), and five photographs taken at the Carter Fold - one of Johnny Cash, two of June Carter Cash (2002), one of Joe and Janette (2002), and one of June, John Carter Cash, and Rosanne Cash (2001). This subseries is arranged chronologically. This series also contains five photographs of Helen Carter (n.d.), a picture of Sara, Coy Bayes, and Gladys Millard (n.d.), and two pictures of Janette Carter and friends (n.d.). This Subseries is arranged chronologically, with the undated material last.

Subseries E: Miscellaneous, c.1940-2004, n.d. This Subseries includes Sara Carter's Musicians' Protective Association Card (c.1940), Maybelle Carter's hunting and fishing license (1975), and a scrapbook page dated May 29, 2004, that features a magazine clipping of the original Carter Family that is signed by Carlene Carter (June's daughter), Connie Smith, and John Carter Cash (Johnny and June's son). In addition, this Subseries also includes A.P.'s "Bible Questions and Answers" booklet (n.d.), Maybelle's Holiday Inn "Inner Circle" card (n.d.), a Carter Fold volunteer badge (n.d.), and a collectible seat cushion from the Carter Fold (n.d.). This Subseries is arranged by material type.

Series III. Newspaper and Magazine Articles, 1991-2009. This series includes nine newspaper articles from the Kingsport, Tennessee, Times News, as well as three GoTricities special publications from the Times News. The series also includes two newspaper articles from the Bristol Herald Courier and one special supplemental publication from the Scott County, Virginia, Star. Although most of these articles discuss the public response to the death of Joe D. Carter, Janette Carter, June Carter Cash, and Johnny Cash, some discuss the impact of the Carter Family in their respective communities, as well as the country music genre. This series also contains an issue of Life that celebrates the life of A.P. Carter and an issue of People that pays tribute to Johnny Cash. This series is arranged chronologically.

Separated Material

The following books have been removed cataloged for the Special Collections Rare Book Collection:

Cash, June Carter. Among My Klediments. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1979. Rare Book Collection ML 420 .C2653 A3 c.2 Spec Large

Wolfe, Charles K., June Carter Cash, Johnny Cash, A. P. Carter, Sara Carter, Maybelle Carter, and Jimmie Rodgers. The Carter Family: In the Shadow of Clinch Mountain. [Hambergen, Germany]: Bear Family Records, 2000. Rare Book Collection ML 394 .C3 W65 2000 Spec Large

Zwonitzer, Mark and Charles Hirshberg. Will You Miss Me When I'm Gone?: The Carter Family and Their Legacy in American Music. New York: Simon & Schuster, c2002. Rare Book Collection ML 421 .C33 Z86 2002 c.2 Spec Large


Index Terms

    Persons:

  • Carter, A. P. (Alvin Pleasant), 1891-1960.
  • Carter, Anita.
  • Carter, Helen, 1927-1998.
  • Carter, Janette.
  • Carter, Joe, 1927-2005.
  • Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978.
  • Carter, Sara, 1898-1979.
  • Cash, Johnny.
  • Cash, June Carter, 1929-2003.
  • Family Names:

  • Carter Family (Musical group).
  • Subjects:

  • Carter Sisters.
  • Country musicians--United States--Biography.
  • Country musicians--United States.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Articles.
  • Biographies.
  • Discographies.
  • Programs.
  • Occupations:

  • Country musicians.

Contents List

Series I: Memoirs and Biographies, 1980-2005, n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:1
    The Original Carter Family. New York: Peer International Corporation, 1980.
  • Box-folder 1:1
    Carter, Janette. Living with Memories. Hiltons, VA: Carter Family Memorial Music Center, 1983.
  • Box-folder 1:2
    Carter, Janette. My Clinch Mountain Home. Hiltons, VA: Carter Family Memorial Music Center, 2005.
  • Box-folder 1:2
    Millard, Gladys. "I Remember Daddy."Sunny Side Sentinel.Carter Family Fan Club, n.d.
Series II: Memorabilia, 1941-2008, n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:3
    Subseries A: Discographies, n.d.
    • "The Carter Sisters and Mother Maybelle: Their Complete Recordings," n.d.
    • "The Carter Sisters and Mother Maybelle with Chet Atkins: Ozark Radio," n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:4
    Subseries B: Music, 1944-1999, n.d.
    • The Carter Family Album of Smokey Mountain Ballads. New York: Southern Music Company, Inc., 1944.
    • McMurray, Vance. Original Hill and Country Songs. Gate City, VA: Vance McMurray, n.d.
    • The Original Carter Family in Texas. Brighton, MI: Old Homestead Records, 1999.
  • Subseries C: Programs, 2000-2008, n.d.
    • Box-folder 1:5
      Annual Carter Family Memorial Festival and Craft Show, 2000, 2002-2004, 2008.
    • Box-folder 1:5
      Carter Fold Performance Schedule, 2003.
    • Box-folder 1:6
      Funeral programs for June Carter Cash, Johnny Cash, Joe D. Carter, and Janette Carter, 2003, 2005-2006.
    • Box-folder 1:7
      Dedication of A.P. Carter Cabin, 2004.
    • Box-folder 1:7
      Memorial Service Program, Janette Carter, c.2006.
    • Box-folder 1:7
      Janette Carter Memorial Gospel Concert, 2008.
  • Box-folder 1:8
    Subseries D: Photographs, 2002, n.d.
    • Janette Carter (3), 1965, n.d.
    • June Carter Cash, John Carter Cash, and Rosanne Cash, 2001.
    • Joe and Janette Carter, 2002.
    • Johnny Cash at Carter Fold, 2002.
    • June Carter Cash at Carter Fold (2), 2002.
    • Helen Carter (5), n.d.
    • Sara Carter, Coy Bayes, and Gladys Carter Millard, n.d.
    • The Original Carter Family, n.d.
    • Maybelle Carter, n.d.
  • Box-folder 1:9
    Subseries E: Miscellaneous, c.1940-2009, n.d.
    • Sara Carter's Musicians' Protective Association Card, c.1940.
    • Maybelle Carter's Hunting and Fishing License, 1975.
    • Maybelle Carter's Holiday Inn "Inner Circle" Card, n.d.
    • A.P. Carter's "Bible Questions and Answers" Booklet, n.d.
    • Collectible seat cushion, n.d.
    • Carter Fold Volunteer Badge, n.d.
    • Scrapbook page, 2004.
Series III: Newspaper and Magazine Articles, 1991-2009.
  • Box-folder 1:10
    Life magazine article about A.P. Carter, December 1991.
  • Box-folder 1:11
    Bristol Herald Courier, Special Section, July 24, 2002.
  • Box-folder 1:11
    GoTricities special publication, Kingsport, Tennessee, Times News, July 26-August 1, 2002.
  • Box-folder 1:11
    Bristol Herald Courier, May 16, 2003.
  • Box-folder 1:12
    Kingsport, Tennessee, Times News articles, May-September, 2003.
  • Box-folder 1:12
    People magazine article, September 29, 2003.
  • Box-folder 1:13
    Supplemental publication for Scott County, Virginia, Star, August 4, 2004.
  • Box-folder 1:13
    Kingsport, Tennessee, Times News articles and GoTricities special publications, 2004-2009.

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Carter, A. P. (Alvin Pleasant), 1891-1960.
  • Carter, Anita.
  • Carter, Helen, 1927-1998.
  • Carter, Janette.
  • Carter, Joe, 1927-2005.
  • Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978.
  • Carter, Sara, 1898-1979.
  • Cash, Johnny.
  • Cash, June Carter, 1929-2003.