A Guide to the James P. Hawkins Papers, 1864-1865 Hawkins, James P., Papers Ms2008-025

A Guide to the James P. Hawkins Papers, 1864-1865

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms2008-025


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Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Special Collections
University Libraries
P.O. Box 90001
Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, Virginia 24062-9001
USA
Phone: (540) 231-6308
Fax: (540) 231-3694
Email: specref@vt.edu
URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/

© 2008 By Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. All rights reserved.

Processed by: Jared Camins-Esakov, Special Collections Staff; new material added by Marc Brodsky, Public Services and Reference Archivist

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms2008-025
Title
James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Papers 1864-1865
Physical Characteristics
1 container; 0.1 cu. ft.
Creator
James P. previous hitHawkins next hit
Language
English
Abstract
Collection includes a bound expense/account notebook of James P. previous hitHawkins next hit, agent of the Southern Express Company, which also contains diary entries from 2 April - 10 April 1865. Also included are a collection of loose pages with previous hitHawkins's next hit diary entries for 11 April - 11 May 1865. Related documents, including special orders, exemption from military service, receipts, Oath of Allegiance, letters (2), envelopes, and a photograph complete the collection.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Papers, Ms2008-025, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Papers were purchased by Special Collections in 2004.

Processing Information

The processing, arrangement and description of the James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Papers commenced and was completed in May, 2008. Additional description was added in November 2011.


Biographical Information

James P. previous hitHawkins next hit was born in Albemarle Co., Virginia in 1845. The 1850 census shows James, then 5 years old, living with his father, Richard, listed as a harnessmaker, and his mother, Elizabeth, in Charlottesville. By 1860, the family was in Staunton, VA and included daughters Mary and Kate. Also by that year, Richard, James's father, was working as a Stage Agent. The 29 September 29 1865 issue of the Staunton Vindicator reports that "office of the Adam's Express Company has been refurbished" and that "company agent, Richard previous hitHawkins next hit, has again taken up business in the old quarters."In 1870 and 1880 respectively, Richard previous hitHawkins's next hit profession is listed as Express Agent and Adams Express Agent. The Adams Express Company was the parent company of the Southern Express Company, the company for which James P. previous hitHawkins next hit worked during the war.

James P. previous hitHawkins next hit was never mustered into the Confederate Army and was exempt due to his service with Southern Express, a civilian transport company that worked in conjunction with the avenues of Confederate military transportation. He did, apparently, have an affinity for the West Augusta Guard, often referring to the "West A Guard" as "his company." (See Holcomb in Related Materials Note, below). The West Augusta was one of the oldest of the Staunton companies, organized in the summer of 1858, first attached to the 160th Regiment Virginia Militia, and then in June 1861 becoming Company L, 5th Virginia Infantry.

previous hitHawkins's next hit work for Southern Express lasted at least through May 1865 and took him on routes throughout Virginia and North Carolina. On 2 April 1865, he returned to Richmond from Charlotte, NC and found himself in the midst of the evacuation of the city. The events of this and following days are described in his diary.

As reported by the Staunton Vindicator (23 December 1870), James P. previous hitHawkins next hit. resident of Danville, VA and Pheilipina Behn McDowell, formerly of Charleston, S.C., were married in Staunton on 19 December 1870 at the residence of Richard previous hitHawkins next hit by the Rev. William H. Williams. The 1880 census shows them living as boarders in Danville, with James's occupation listed as tobaconist. In 1900, James and Pheilipina were living in Millboro, Bath Co., Virginia, along with their 17 year-old daughter, Palma. The Staunton Spectator of 21 February 1902 reported that Mrs. James P. previous hitHawkins next hit died on 12 February of that year at their home near Millboro and that three children, two sons and a daughter, survived her, along with her husband. In 1910, James was still in Millboro, living with his now-married daughter, Parma Dill, her husband, James, and their children. James P. previous hitHawkins next hit died on 27 January 1931 and is buried at Windy Cove Presbyterian Church in Millboro Springs, VA.

Scope and Content

The principle part of the collection consists of a bound expense/account notebook of James P. previous hitHawkins next hit, agent of the Southern Express Company, which also contains diary entries from 2 April - 10 April 1865 and a collection of loose pages with previous hitHawkins's next hit diary entries for 11 April - 11 May 1865.

During this time, previous hitHawkins next hit was responsible for protecting the valuables of the Richmond office of Southern Express. He arrived in Richmond on April 2, the day the city was evacuated, and writes that he had heard nothing of the evacuation until arriving in the city. He describes the chaos of the city; the rumors "thick as flies"; the "ruling rates" for goods; and "burning at Treasury, Capitol, War Dept, etc." He would spend the next several weeks escorting a number of the Company's safes and books to Charlotte by way of Danville and Greensboro, NC. During that time, he reports on 10 April, "Hear for first time of 'Surrender of Lee and his Army'" and on 18 April, of the assassination of Lincoln and the wounding of Seward. On 10 May, previous hitHawkins next hit is appointed Southern Express agent at Danville.

In addition to the diary entries, the bound notebook contains notes on his expenses and accounts during his travels, memoranda of various kinds (some entirely crossed out). The loose diary pages--written in the same hand as the bound diary, but, perhaps, copied over at a later date--pick up where the bound diary ends. The loose pages continue with descriptions of each day and news of military developments.

Related documents, including special orders, exemption from military service, itemized expenses and receipts, previous hitHawkins's next hit signed Oath of Allegiance to the United States, two letters written to previous hitHawkins next hit, envelopes, and a photograph of an unidentified man taken in a New Orleans studio complete the collection.

Arrangement

previous hitHawkins's next hit diaries, bound and unbound, are arranged at the beginning of the collection, followed by the related material, with the unidentified photograph at the end.

Related Material

See also Holcomb, Julie. America's Civil War, "Confederate Express Agent James P. previous hitHawkins next hit Got Caught Up in the Evacuation of Richmond," May 2003, Vol. 16, Issue 2, page 58.

Three of James P. previous hitHawkins next hit' diaries spanning the years January, 1862-April, 1863, and an autographed letter from James to his mother dated 15 May 1865 can be found in the previous hitHawkins next hit (James P.) Papers in the Pearce Civil War Collection at Navarro College in Corsicana, Texas.

A finding aid is available on the Pearce Museum at Navarro College website.

Separated Material


Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Civil War
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Diaries

Contents List

Folder 1
Bound diary and ledger book, 2 Apr. 1865-[18 Apr. 1865]
Folder 1
Loose diary folios, 11 Apr. 1865-11 May 1865
Folder 1
Itemized expense sheets Mar. 1865-May 1865
Folder 1
Exemptions/furloughs permitting previous hitHawkins next hit to continue his work for Southern Express, 23 Jun. 1863 - 31 Dec. 1864
Folder 1
James P. previous hitHawkins next hit' Oath of Allegiance and envelope, 15 May 1865
Folder 1
Envelopes addressed to James P. previous hitHawkins next hit.
Folder 1
Letters addressed to James P. previous hitHawkins, 20 Sep. 1864-10 Jan. 1865
Folder 1
Unidentified photograph