A Guide to the Howard S. Avery Papers, 1913-1996 Avery, Howard S., Papers Ms1997-026

A Guide to the Howard S. Avery Papers, 1913-1996

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms1997-026


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Special Collections, Virginia Tech

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Newman Library, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061
USA
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Fax: (540) 231-3694
Email: specref@vt.edu
URL: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/

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Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms1997-026
Title
Howard S. Avery Papers, 1913-1996
Physical Characteristics
12.4 Cubic Feet 10 boxes
Creator
Avery, Howard S. (Howard Shaeffer), 1906-1996
Language
English
Abstract
Howard S. Avery graduated from Virginia Tech in 1927 with a B.S. in Mining and Engineering. He worked for the American Brake Shoe Company, later known as the Abex Corporation, as a research metallurgist from 1935 to 1971. The collection consists of Avery's personal papers and photographs related to his student days at Virginia Tech, including photos taken mainly in 1927 while Avery was the photographic editor of the Bugle yearbook. This collection also includes personal papers, correspondence, brochures, and other materials.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Howard S. Avery Papers must be obtained from the Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Howard S. Avery Papers, Ms97-026, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

Acquisition Information

The Howard S. Avery Papers were donated to the Special Collections in 1996.

Processing Information

The arrangement and description of the Howard S. Avery Papers began in June 2006 and was completed in September 2006. The collection had previously been re-housed and identified. Additional description was completed in November 2014.


Biographical Information

Howard S. Avery was born in Canon City, Colorado in 1906. His family moved to Virginia when he was eleven, and he attended high school in Roanoke and college in Blacksburg. He received a B.S. in Mining & Engineering in 1927 and an Engineer of Mines degree with honors in 1928, both from Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Avery was very active during his student days at VPI. He was a member of the track team, the rifle club, the radio club, and the boxing club. In 1927 he served as the photographic editor of the Bugle yearbook. He was married in 1935 to Louise Steele and had four children.

Following several years of mining engineering and geology work in Mexico, steel mill experience, and teaching, he joined the newly organized Metallurgical Department of the American Brake Shoe Company, now the Abex Corporation, located in Mahwah, New Jersey in 1934. He is identified with this company's research in various aspects of industrial wear. As a research metallurgist his duties involved planning and supervising research and development of alloys to resist heat, abrasion and impact. He became internationally known in the field of metallurgy, conducting pioneering work in the areas of precise creep-rupture testing, thermal fatigue evaluation, and carburizing behavior. Two of his technical papers garnered Lincoln Gold Medal awards, and he received the first Award of the New York Chapter of the American Society of Metals. He also contributed to several engineering handbooks, was issued a number of patents, and is the author of several dozen technical papers. His career at the Abex Corporation lasted until 1971.

Professional affiliations outside the Abex Corporation include the American Welding Society, The American Society for Metals, the Metal Science Club, The American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, The American Society for Quality Control, and the British Iron and Steel Institute. Avery also had a wide range of outside interests and participated in activities that included training Boy Scout leaders, supervision of a junior rifle club, operating an amateur radio station W2HBH, and service on the Mahwah, New Jersey Board of Education and as a Civil Defense Director. Howard Avery passed away in August 1996 in Roanoke, VA.

Scope and Content

The Howard S. Avery Papers contain correspondence, brochures, journals and photographs from Avery's student days at Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI) as well as an assortment of his professional and personal papers amassed from the years 1922 to 1995.

The collection is comprised of memorabilia from his years at VPI, including an extensive photograph collection that illustrates student life. The collection also contains notebooks of class notes and journals of scouting trips that give extensive information on the geology of southwest Virginia. The collection contains a VPI psalm book from 1924, a program of the dedication of War Memorial Hall in 1926, and several original layout pages from the 1927 Bugle.

Howard Avery's personal papers contain professional correspondence, brochures, newspaper clippings, and National Rifle Association (NRA) legislation actions in which he participated. It also includes correspondence, brochures, and related documents from the Boy Scouts, the Virginia Tech Alumni Association, the Sierra Club, and other organizations he was involved in during his lifetime.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in two series divided by subject matter, Personal and Professional Papers and VPI Student Years, each of which has four subseries divided by format of material.

Series I: Personal and Professional Papers, 1913-1996, consists of materials collected and created by Avery during his professional career. There are also documents relating to his hobbies. The series is arranged into three subseries: A. Documents, B. Photos, C. Journals, and D. Artifacts.

Series II: VPI Student Papers, 1923-1928, consists of records created while Avery was a student attending VPI, including schoolwork and extracurricular activities. The series is arranged into three subseries: A. Documents, B. Photos, C. Journals, and D. Artifacts.


Index Terms

    Persons:

  • Avery, Howard S. (Howard Shaeffer), 1906-1996
  • Corporate Names:

  • American Brake Shoe Company
  • Subjects:

  • Science and Technology
  • University Archives
  • Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College and Polytechnic Institute

Contents List

Personal and Professional Papers 1913-1996
  • Documents, 1913-1996
    Scope and Contents

    These documents include personal correspondence, bulletins, newspaper clippings, U.S. Military Regulations, U.S. Army Corps of Engineering, NRA information, Rifle Club correspondence, Boy Scouts manuals, and miscellaneous professional societies membership booklets.

    Arrangement note

    This subseries is grouped together by the subject of the material (such as personal information, professional documents, military documents, NRA), and is chronological within each grouping.

    • Box-Folder 1
      1
      Personal Information and Materials
    • Box-Folder 1
      2
      Personal Correspondence, 1920-1955
    • Box-Folder 1
      3
      Christmas Cards, 1933-1978
    • Box-Folder 1
      4
      Materials from Mexico
    • Box-Folder 1
      5
      Professional Correspondence, 1932-1991
    • Box-Folder 1
      6
      Newspaper Clippings, Metallurgy, 1944-1945, 1953
    • Box-Folder 1
      7
      Abex News, Retirement announcement, July - August 1971
    • Box-Folder 1
      8
      U.S. Army Regulations, 1923-1929
    • Box-Folder 1
      9
      National Roster of Scientific and Specialized Personnel, 1945, 1960
    • Box-Folder 1
      11
      Military Projects - American Brake Shoe Co., 1943-1945
      • Box-Folder 1
        10
        Military and Selective Service Materials, c.1927
    • Box-Folder 1
      12
      Fort Humphreys, Maps and Materials, Summer 1931
    • Box-Folder 1
      13
      Fort Humphreys, Training Exercises, 1931
    • U.S. Army Engineering Correspondence Course
      • Box-Folder 1
        14
        Materials
      • Box-Folder 1
        15
        Subcourse 20-1, December 1932
      • Box-Folder 1
        16
        Subcourse 20-2, December 1933
      • Box-Folder 1
        17
        Subcourse 20-6, 1932-1933
    • Box-Folder 1
      18
      Military Correspondence, Officer Reserve Corps, March 1932 - October 1937
    • Box-Folder 1
      19
      Science 11 - Educational Hygiene Lesson
    • Box-Folder 1
      20
      Reserve Officer Associations - Roanoke, VA chapter, 1933-1934
    • Box-Folder 1
      21
      National Rifle Association - Junior Division
    • Box-Folder 1
      22
      NRA booklets and clippings, 1952
    • Box-Folder 1
      23
      NRA Legislation Correspondence, 1935-1978
    • Box-Folder 1
      24
      NRA Whittington Center, 1985-1988
    • Box-Folder 1
      25
      Firearms Clubs and Organizations - Correspondence, 1935-1951
    • Box-Folder 1
      26
      Rifle Club Materials, 1951-1984
    • Box-Folder 1
      27
      Remington Peters, Shooting Instructor Bulletin
    • Box-Folder 1
      28
      Firearms Clubs and Organizations - Junior Rifle Tournament Materials
    • Box-Folder 1
      29
      Boy Scouts, 1932-1971
    • Box-Folder 1
      30
      Boy Scouts, Newspaper Clippings, 1931-1952
    • Box-Folder 1
      31
      Roanoke Scout Notes, Troop 17, Spring 1933
    • Box-Folder 1
      32
      Royal Astronomical Society of Canada
    • Box-Folder 1
      33
      Iron and Steel Institute, 1936-1942
    • Box-Folder 1
      34
      American Society for Metals, National Engineers Register of Engineers, and O'Connor Research Center
    • Box-Folder 1
      35
      American Institute of Mining Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, 1958
    • Box-Folder 1
      36
      American Welding Society, 1950-1985
    • Box-Folder 1
      37
      Sierra Club correspondence, 1966-1988
    • Box-Folder 1
      38
      American Geographical Society correspondence
    • Box-Folder 1
      39
      Amateur Radio Materials, 1952-1966
    • Box-Folder 1
      40
      Metallurgy and Engineering Education Materials, 1944-1966
    • Box-Folder 1
      41
      Engineering Education Pamphlets
    • Box-Folder 1
      42
      Industrial Arts Education Program, 1932-1960
    • Box-Folder 1
      43
      High School speaking engagements, 1948, 1955, 1968
    • Box-Folder 1
      44
      Applications of Metallurgical Microscopy
    • Box-Folder 1
      45
      Department of Interior Reports - Bureau of Mines Black Powder Study, 1944
    • Box-Folder 1
      46
      Sporting Goods, Clothing and Books Catalogs - Roanoke, VA, 1926-1927
    • Box-Folder 1
      47
      Advertisement Cards, Arcos Company
    • Box-Folder 1
      48
      Operations Manual for Portable Tape Recorder, 1970
    • Box-Folder 1
      49
      Maps
    • Box-Folder 2
      48
      VPI Calendar, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      49
      VPI Alumni Association, 1926-1949
    • Box-Folder 2
      50
      VPI Alumni Association Materials
    • Box-Folder 2
      51
      Sounds from Virginia Tech LP, 1972
    • Box-Folder 2
      52
      Bulletin - Important Facts on State Supported Colleges
    • Box-Folder 2
      53
      VPI Memorabilia
    • Box 3
      Invoices from Virginia Photo Finishing Co. and Roanoke Cycle Co., 1925-1927
  • Photographs, 1927-1987
    Scope and Contents

    These photographic prints and negatives include unidentified personal shots as well as photos taken in conjunction with his profession.

    Arrangement note

    The subseries is organized by material type, personal photographs of family and various locations, as well as photographs taken in a professional capacity. For most photographs the date is unknown.

    • Box-Folder 2
      39
      Scenes Unidentified, Negatives, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      40
      Griffith Industries, Negatives, 1931
    • Box-Folder 2
      41
      Maynard Industries, Welding Negatives, 1931
    • Box-Folder 2
      42
      Slide POS film wear
    • Box-Folder 2
      43
      Unidentified Negatives
    • Box-Folder 2
      44
      47 Cottage Grove
    • Box-Folder 2
      45
      Miscellaneous Railroad Crossings
    • Box-Folder 2
      46
      Unidentified Negatives
    • Box-Folder 2
      47
      Walkerton Industries, Maynard Industries
    • Box 3
      Framed Portrait of H. S. Avery
    • Box 3
      Framed Portrait William B. Given Jr., Founder of the American Brake Shoe Company, 1933
    • Box-Folder 4
      41
      Personal Photos, H. S. Avery, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      42
      Personal Photos, Unidentified, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      43
      Personal Photos, Scenic, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      44
      Finished Thesis Work, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      45-46
      Scenes, Unidentified, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      47
      Griffith Industries, 1931
    • Box-Folder 4
      48
      Tractor Wear information, 1986
    • Box-Folder 4
      49
      Visit U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1986
    • Box-Folder 4
      50
      Unidentified Rock Samples, 1987
    • Box-Folder 4
      51
      Staffer Chemical Company
    • Box-Folder 4
      52
      Caracas and Vicinity
    • Box-Folder 4
      53
      Photo, Unidentified
    • Box-Folder 4
      54
      Modern Railroad Crossing, Odin, Illinois
    • Box-Folder 4
      55
      Taylor-Wharton/Abex Conference
    • Box-Folder 4
      56
      Foundry Shots
    • Box-Folder 4
      57
      Maynard Industries
  • Journals, 1913-1936
    • Box 3
      U.S. Army Training Regulations Booklet, 1922-1931
    • Box-Folder 5
      9
      The Soldier's Handbook for Use in the Army of the United States, 1913
    • Box-Folder 5
      10
      Manual of First Aid Instruction for Miners, and Mercurochrome in First Aid, 1922, n.d.
    • Box-Folder 5
      11
      Geology, Southeast of Roanoke, 1927
    • Box-Folder 5
      12
      Notebook, Journal of travel notes, 1928-1930
    • Box-Folder 5
      13
      Notes on thesis, Geology around Roanoke, c.1928-1929
    • Box-Folder 5
      14
      USGS Maps for field work, Roanoke and Christiansburg, c.1929
    • Box-Folder 5
      15
      Maps, measuring tools, notebook for fieldwork, c.1932
    • Box-Folder 5
      16
      Mine Examination and Geological Field Work, 1930-1931
    • Box-Folder 5
      17
      Notebook, Hikes Around Roanoke, 1931-1932
    • Box-Folder 5
      18
      Iron and Steel Institute Handbook No. 1, 1935
    • Box-Folder 5
      19
      Address List, American Brake Shoe Company, March 1946
    • Box-Folder 5
      20
      Address List, Metallurgical Department Personnel, c.1936
    • Box-Folder 5
      21
      Address List of Executives, Officials and Representatives of the American Brake Shoe and Foundry Company and Associated and Subsidiary Companies
    • Box-Folder 5
      22
      LeFax Data Sheets on Mining Methods, Metal Stoping
    • Box-Folder 5
      23
      S-Curves of Austenite Transformation
    • Box-Folder 5
      24
      Notes on mapping and geology in the vicinity of Roanoke, VA
    • Box-Folder 5
      25
      Society of American Military Engineers, Aims and Activities, and TAM Division National Lead Company, Steels for Nuclear Reactors, 1931, 1961
    • Box-Folder 5
      26
      American Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Engineers, Aims and Activities, c.1925
  • Artifacts
    • Box 6
      Official Leggings of the Boy Scouts of America
    • Box 6
      305th Engineers Hat
    • Box 7
      U.S. Army pennant
    • Box 7
      Blue and white tie
    • Box 7
      VMI Armband
VPI Student Years, 1923-1928, 1980
  • Documents, 1923-1928, 1980
    Scope and Contents

    This subseries includes documents created and collected by Howard Avery while attending Virginia Polytechnic Institute. The documents consist of course work, class assignments, newspaper clippings and VPI memorabilia.

    Arrangement note

    The documents are arranged chronologically.

    • Box-Folder 2
      1
      VPI Psalm Book or A Military Life in Comic, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      2
      Chemistry Lab Notebook, 1923
    • Box-Folder 2
      3
      Freshman Chemistry Notes, Third Term, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      4
      Chemistry Exercises, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      5
      Chemistry Lab Tests, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      6
      Class Assignments, Analytics, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      7
      Writing Exercises, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      8
      Physics Course Notes, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      9
      Football Team, Bugle Page, 1925
    • Box-Folder 2
      10
      R.O.T.C. Materials, 1923-1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      11
      Physics 212 Outline and Notes, c.1925
    • Box-Folder 2
      12
      Physics 232 Outline and Notes, c.1925
    • Box-Folder 2
      13
      Physics Lab Reports, 1925
    • Box-Folder 2
      14
      Regulations of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 1925
    • Box-Folder 2
      15
      Newspaper Clippings, VPI Athletics, 1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      16
      Program for Dedication of the World War Memorial Hall and the Miles Stadium, October 1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      17
      Electrical Engineering Lab Report, 1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      18
      Official Program for University of Richmond Fourth Annual South-Atlantic Track Meet, May 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      19
      Public Speaking essay, "The Dependence of the United States on Foreign Mineral Resources"
    • Box-Folder 2
      20
      Program for 1927 Rally at VPI, including The Vocational Agricultural High School Contest, the Little International Livestock Show, the Virigina Tech Dairy Show, and a meeting of the Future Farmers of Virginia, April 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      21
      Issue of The Athletic Journal, January 1928
    • Box-Folder 2
      22
      Geological Columnar Section for Pocahontas Folio, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      23
      VPI Sophomore Pranks, letters to Giles Syndor, 1980
    • Box-Folder 2
      24
      The Cerro De Pasco District, copied from Mineral Deposits of South America by Miller and Singewald, 1919
    • Box 3
      Metal items made in VPI Forge Class, 1923
    • Box 3
      Freshman Engineering Drawings, 1923
  • Photographs, 1924-1927
    Scope and Contents

    This subseries contains photographic prints and negatives of images created by Howard Avery while a student at VPI. Most of the photographs were taken while he was the Photographic Editor of the 1927 Bugle.

    Arrangement note

    Materials are grouped in three divisions: cadet photographs, athletic photographs and personal photographs. Larger format prints precede the smaller photos. There are also eight photo albums that contain pictures of campus life and trips to surrounding areas.

    • Box-Folder 2
      25
      Athletic Teams, 1924
    • Box-Folder 2
      26
      War Memorial Gym, 1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      27
      Cadet Formation at Athletic Event, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      28
      Cadet Companies, Unidentified, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      29
      Cadets at Play, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      30
      Graduation at War Memorial Gym (interior view), 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      31
      Father and Son Banquet, YMCA, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      32
      Unidentified Swimmers, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      33
      VPI Senior H.S. Avery, Negatives, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      34
      Col. Deem Inspection, Negatives, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      35
      Cadets, Unidentified negatives, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      36
      Unidentified VPI Groups, Negatives
    • Box-Folder 2
      37
      Unidentified campus scenes, Negatives
    • Box-Folder 2
      38
      Unidentified Woman, negative, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      54
      Engineer ROTC Camp, 1926
    • Box-Folder 2
      55
      Rats on parade, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      56
      VPI Cadets and campus
    • Box-Folder 2
      57
      Campus life, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      58
      Campus scenes, unidentified individuals
    • Box-Folder 2
      59
      Roanoke College football game, 1927 Bugle
    • Box-Folder 2
      60
      VPI Spring track season, 1927
    • Box-Folder 2
      61
      VPI Campus life, 1926-1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      1
      "B" Company Officers, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      2
      Rats on parade, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      3
      Cadets parade in town, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      4
      Cadets with artillery, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      5
      Cadets at class, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      6
      Cadets at play, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      7
      Cadet Corps commandant with staff, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      8
      Cadet formation inspection, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      9
      Cadet equipment inspection, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      10
      Cadet companies, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      11
      Cadet brass ensemble, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      12
      Cadet formation at athletic event, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      13
      Cadet dress uniform parade, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      14-15
      Unidentified Individual Cadets, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      16
      Cadet Individuals, Names listed on envelope, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      17
      Bugle elections, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      18
      Athletic managers, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      19
      Baseball team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      20
      Baseball games, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      21
      Boxing team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      22
      Football team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      23-26
      Football games, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      27
      Rifle team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      28
      Drama club, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      29
      Tennis team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      30
      Track team, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      31
      Track team, individuals, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      32
      Track and field meets, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      33
      Wrestling, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      34
      Horticulture exhibit, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      35
      VPI Banquet, interior of Solitude
    • Box-Folder 4
      36
      Initiation into Monogram Club
    • Box-Folder 4
      37
      Campus buildings, interiors, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      38
      Campus buildings, 1927
    • Box-Folder 4
      39-40
      Campus scenes
  • Journals, 1923-1927
    • Box-Folder 5
      1
      Students Handbook of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Compliments of the YMCA, Volume 28, 1923-1924
    • Box-Folder 5
      2
      Boy Scout Diary, 1925
    • Box-Folder 5
      3
      Notebook, Metallurgy class, 1926
    • Box-Folder 5
      4
      Notebook, DAM Geology personnel and VPI addresses, 1927
    • Box-Folder 5
      5
      Virginia Polytechnic Institute in the World War, VPI Bulletin Vol. XXI, No. 1, November 1927
    • Box-Folder 5
      6
      Notebook, finances, class notes, photography notes, c.1927
    • Box-Folder 5
      7
      Notebook, Economics
    • Box-Folder 5
      8
      Notebook, Petrography
  • Artifacts, 1923-1926
    • Box 6
      VPI Cadet Cord
    • Box 6
      VPI Cadet Hat
    • Box 7
      Va Tech pennant
    • Box 8
      VPI belt buckles, 3
    • Box 8
      VPI belts, 2
    • Box 8
      VPI buttons with Virginia state seal, 11
    • Box 9
      VPI sweater
    • Box 9
      VPI pennant, 1927
    • Box 9
      VPI paddle
    • Box 10
      VPI Cadet uniform, jacket and pants, c.1923-1926
    • Box 10
      VPI Football uniform, pants only, c.1923-1926

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Avery, Howard S. (Howard Shaeffer), 1906-1996