A Guide to the Kendall W. King Papers, 1959-2000 King, Kendall W., Papers Ms2002-002

Kendall W. King Papers, 1959-2000

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms2002-002


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©2003 By Virginia Tech. All rights reserved.

Processed by: Tamara Kennelly, Special Collections

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.
Collection Number
Ms2002-002
Title
Kendall W. King Papers, 1959-2000
Physical Characteristics
0.8 Linear Feet 2 boxes
Creator
King, Kendall W.
Language
English
Abstract
The Kendall W. King (1926-1990) Papers span the years 1959 to 2000 (bulk 1960-1979) The collection includes materials on cellulase, Mothercraft Centers,nutrition in Haiti, nutrition an meeting world food needs, and miscellaneous professional and personal papers.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open to research.

Publication Rights

Permission to publish material from Kendall W. King Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Kendall W. King Papers, Ms2002-002, Special Collections, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Va.


Biographical/Historical Information

Kendall W. King (1926-1990) was the son of Hilda Bainton King of Kennett Square, Pennsylvania and Charles Glen King, a widely known biochemist and former professor at the University of Pittsburgh. He had two siblings, a brother, Robert D. King, M.D., Chancellor's Distinguished Service Professor of Neurological Surgery at Upstate Medical University, and a sister, Mrs. Dorothy Hammel. Kendall King married Kathleen Abbitt (later Young), who graduated from Virginia Tech in the class of 1947, and they had two children, Russell and Virginia. He received B.S. (class of 1949) and M.S. degrees from Virginia Tech and a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin.

King was a member of Virginia Tech's faculty for 15 years. He had a split appointment in biology and biochemistry and nutrition, but he transferred entirely to the Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition shortly after R. W. Engel came to Virginia Tech to head the new department in 1952. King served as department head from 1966 to 1968. He helped develop the new department's curriculum, generated more than $1 million in teaching and research grants, andhelped start its study abroad program. King pioneered work in how complex carbohydrates are digested by microorganisms, but he was most noted for his pioneering work in Haiti, establishing the Mothercraft Center concept. He served as consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development and World Health Organization, establishing similar programsin other nations.

In 1986 he joined the Research Coporation, a New York foundation for scientific research, as assistant vice president for grants. He becamae vice president in 1977 with full responsibility for planning and managing the corporation's $6 million annual grants program. That program became a major source for basic research funds for liberal arts colleges. He also administreed the corporation's research and traning project in public health and nutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean.

From 1983 to 1986, King was vice president of Remick Associates, a chemical, pharmaceutical, and microelectronics recruiting firm. In 1986 he became associate dean at Western Carolina University (WCU) with princial responsibilities in research addministration. He worked closely with WCU's international educational and technical assistance projects and started the university's first scholarship fund for international students. He died in 1990 at age 64.

Scope and Content Information

The Kendall W. King (1926-1990) Papers span the years 1959 to 2000 (bulk 1960-1979) The collection includes materials on cellulase, Mothercraft Centers,nutrition in Haiti, nutrition an meeting world food needs, and miscellaneous professional and personal papers.

Two reports on celluslase concern King's pioneering work on how complex carbohydrates are digested by microorganisms. The reports deal with the shortcomings of of cellulose and cellulose substrates for studying the mechanism of cellulose action and the the site of attack on substrate by cellulose.

The collection includes front matter and six chapters of King's manuscript, "Mothercraft Centers and the Malnourished Child," as well as reports, speeches, guidelines, and publications by King and others, including several reports by Ivan D. Beghin. Mothercraft or Nutritional Rehabilitation Centers aimed to educate mothers about how to feed and care for infants and young children using techniques compatible with their understanding and financial limitations. In developing countries, pre-school children are most vulnerable to restrictions in the food supply and, therefore, the group in which malnutrition is most serious.

King did pioneering work in Haiti establishing the Mothercraft Center concept and did research for the Haiti project at Virginia Tech. He began his work in Haiti in 1958 when he served on a nutrition survey investigating the nutritional status of the Haitian people. In 1959 to 1960 he lead a nutritional research project in Haiti. The collection includes reports and publications about appraisal of nutrition in Haiti and efforts to ameliorate malnutrition in children through research and Mothercraft Centers.

The papers contain United Nations' publications, reports, and guides from 1977-1979 on world hunger, family nutrition programs, and food and nutrition appraisal, research, education, and policies. Topices include efforts to combat malnutrtion in pre-school children, the place of vegetables in meeting the food needs of emerging nations, community action, and United Nations' nutrition policies and programs.

Correspondence in the collection is primarily with publishers about the Mothercraft Center manuscript (1972-1982). Other correspondence relates to the King scholarship fund. The collection also contains Warren H. Strother's interview with King, materials by King on generating research grants and evaluating faculty, poems by King, "Dr. Kendall King Memorial Address" by Frederick W. Harrison, and a "Resolution in Memory of Dr. Kendall King," adopted by the Council on Research of the University of North Carolina.

Related Material

Items by King cataloged for the Special Collections Rare Book Collection:
Poems and Perms
A Little Mischief

Separated Material


Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Faculty
  • Science and Technology
  • University Archives
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Contents List

Box-Folder 1
1
Cellulase Reports by Kendall King, c1969
Box-Folder 1
2
Publications about Mothercraft Centers by Kendall King, 1967-1968
Box-Folder 1
3
Reports by King with Other Authors about Nutrition Research, 1964-1979
Box-Folder 1
4
Speeches, 1971 and undated
Box-Folder 1
5
Targeted Maternal Child Health Guidelines
Box-Folder 1
6
Mothercraft Centers Operations
Box-Folder 1
7
Publications about Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers by Other Authors, Including Beghin, Suter, Beaudry-Darisme, and Latham
Box-Folder 1
8
"Mothercraft Centers and the Malnourished Child" Manuscript--Outline and Agreements, 1978
Box-Folder 1
9
"Mothercraft Centers and the Malnourished Child"--Front Matter
Box-Folder 1
10
"Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 1: Chronic Malnutrition in the Third World
Box-Folder 1
11
"Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 2: Necessary First Steps in Haiti
Box-Folder 1
12
"Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 3: Operations of a Prototype Mothercraft Center
Box-Folder 1
13
"Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 4: Operational Variations
Box-Folder 1
14
"Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 5: Measuring Success and Failures
Box-Folder 1
15
Mothercraft Centers" Chapter 6: Positioning Among Other Attacks on Malnutrition
Box-Folder 1
16
Photographs
Box-Folder 1
17
L'Alimentation et la Malnutrition en Haiti, by Ivan Beghin, William Fougerre, and Kendall W. King, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1970
Box-Folder 1
18
Nutrition in Haiti Research
Box-Folder 2
19
"Analyses and Compilations of Nutrition Data and Studies," by Joyce M. King, 1978
Box-Folder 2
20
Publications by King and Other Authors on Nutrition in Haiti, 1959-1979
Box-Folder 2
21
Nutrition in Haiti Publications by Other Authors, 1959-1976
Box-Folder 2
22
Malnutrition and Meeting Food Needs, Publications by King, 1970-1978
Box-Folder 2
23
Community Action--Family Nutrition Programmes, UNICEF
Box-Folder 2
24
United Nations University World Hunger Programme Food and Nutrition Bulletins, 1978-1979
Box-Folder 2
25
Community Handbook for Developing Countries; Field Guide for Evaluation of Nutrition Education, 1978-1979
Box-Folder 2
26
Correspondence, 1972-2000
Box-Folder 2
27
Research Grants, 1981
Box-Folder 2
28
"A Faculty Evaluation Designed to..."
Box-Folder 2
29
"A Candid Conversation with Kendall W. King," Interview by Warren Strother, Context (Winter): 18-24, 1976
Box-Folder 2
30
Poems, Memorial Service, Obituarties, 1969-1990