A Guide to the Bishop William H. Marmion Papers 1932-1981 Marmion, William H. (Bishop) Papers. Ms1986-013

A Guide to the Bishop William H. Marmion Papers 1932-1981

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms1986-013


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Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Reagan Grimsley

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Collection number
Ms1986-013
Title
Bishop William H. Marmion Papers, (Ms1986-013) 1932-1981
Physical Characteristics
The Papers include booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church.
Location
Please note: This collection is located in off-site storage and may require 2-3 days notice for retrieval. Contact Special Collections for more information.
Language
English
Abstract
Marmion, born 1907, was Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia from 1954 to 1979. The papers document the forty-seven year ecclesiastical career of William H. Marmion. Included are booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church. Topics of interest to the researcher include Marmion's interest in the civil rights movement, education, the Viet Nam War, Race relations in South Africa, and social relations among all Episcopalians.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open to research

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Bishop William Marmion Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Bishop William H. Marmion Papers, 1932-1981, Ms1986-013, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University.

Acquisition Information

Donated in 1986 by Bishop William H. Marmion of Roanoke, Virginia.


Biographical/Historical Information

Born in Houston, Texas on October 8, 1907, William H. Marmion was one of three children of Charles Gresham Marmion and Katherine Rankin Marmion. William Marmion grew up in Houston, and attended Christ Church in Houston. Graduating from Rice University in 1929, young Marmion entered the Virginia Theological Seminary, where he earned a bachelor's of divinity degree in 1932. Soon afterward, he was ordered deacon in the Episcopal Church, and on April 5, 1933 ascended to the priesthood. Starting his career in the ministry, the newly ordained priest returned to his native state, and served as Priest-in-Charge of two different churches: Taylor's St. James Church and Georgetown's Grace Church, from 1932-1935. The year 1935 was significant for another reason: William Marmion's marriage to Mabel "Blossom" Dougherty Nall on December 28, 1935.

After a brief tenure as Associate Minister of St. Mark's Church in San Antonio, Marmion received the appointment of Rector at Saint Mary's on the Highlands in Birmingham, Alabama, and occupied this position from 1938 until 1950. While in Birmingham, the Marimon's were blessed with two children, William Marmion, Jr., born on May 26, 1942, and Roger Mills Nall Marmion, born on January 19, 1944. In 1950, St. Andrew's Church in Wilmington, Delaware became his new parish, and the Rector remained until 1954. In this year William H. Marmion received a D.D. Divinity from the Virginia Theological Seminary, and later the same year was consecrated Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, a position he occupied until he retired in 1979.

Service to church and community punctuated the Bishop's life. Early in his career, Marmion became active in civic affairs serving in Youth Work in both Texas and Alabama. While in Birmingham, he also participated in the Department of Christian Social Relations of the Executive Council of the Diocese of Alabama, and for four years chaired the Alabama Committee on Interracial Cooperation. While at St. Andrew's, the Rector chaired the Department of Christian Education. These activities represented more than temporary assignments, for civil rights, education, and social relations among all Episcopalians remained life-longs interests.

After being consecrated Bishop in 1954, Marmion continued to focus on social issues. Opposed to unequal treatment of church members because of race and the War in Vietnam, the 1960's marked a troubled time in his career. In particular the five-year controversy (1957-1962) over the use of Hemlock Haven, a Diocesan retreat near Marion, Virginia, for biracial youth conferences proved to be a test of the Bishop's belief in equal treatment for all members of his diocese. Although at first the youth conferences were canceled due to the inability of the Diocese to come to an agreement on the terms of use, in 1963 Bishop's position prevailed, and the retreat finally hosted integrated youth conferences for young Episcopalian. The Bishop served on a number of committees that dealt with the topic of race and religion, including the Department of Christian Social Relations. Marmion also opposed American Involvement in the Vietnam Conflict, and his efforts to encourage an end to the conflict drew both support and sharp criticism from the members of his Diocese. Before retiring from his post as Bishop of Southwestern Virginia in 1979, Marmion participated in a number of church committees, including the Committee on World Relief and Interchurch Aid and the American Church Institute. He also chaired several committees, including the Church and Race Fund Committee and Long Range Planning Committee. Marmion also served on the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church from 1963-1969, and was active in establishing the Appalachian People's Service Organization, now Episcopal Appalachian Ministries, which was based in Blacksburg, Virginia before moving to Knoxville, Tennessee. After retiring as acting Bishop of the diocese, the Bishop and his wife continued to reside in Roanoke, Virginia.

Biographical Source:

Brown, Katharine. Hills of the Lord: Background of the Episcopal Church in Southwestern Virginia, 1738-1938. Roanoke, VA: The Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, 1979.

Scope and Content Information

The Bishop William Marmion Papers, comprised of forty-nine five-inch boxes, document the forty-seven year ecclesiastical career of William H. Marmion. The Papers include booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church.

The Marmion Papers are divided into four series. The first series, Personal Papers, is comprised of a variety of materials about the personal life of Marmion. Included in this series are photographs of the Bishop, biographical information, and newspaper clippings. Of note are a number of folders on social issues and events; examples include religion related performances such as Jesus Christ Superstar and Joseph and the Technicolor Dreamcoat. This series also includes brochures and maps on the sundry locales Marmion visited as a result of his travel to church related events.

The second series details Marmion's Early Career from 1932 until 1950. During this time Marmion served as a priest and rector in several churches in Alabama and Texas: as Priest in Charge at St. James Church in Taylor and Grace Church in Georgetown from 1932-1935, as Associate Minister of St. Mark's Church in San Antonio from 1935-1938, and as Rector of St. Mary's on the Highlands from 1938-1950. The majority of the material in this series are on issues related to the Marmion's work with the church, including his work with youth. A smaller third series covers the Bishop's tenure as Rector of St. Andrew's, Wilmington, Delaware, from 1950 through May 1954, and many of the documents in this series deal with the affairs of St. Andrew's Church.

The bulk of the Marmion Papers reside in series four, Bishop of Southwestern Virginia, 1954-1979. The series is divided into four sub-series: administrative, civil rights, international affairs, and the Vietnam War. The first sub-series, Administrative files, contains general administrative files relating to the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia and Marmion's duties in the Episcopal Church. Information includes a broad range of topics, including committee reports, diocesan reports, projects and programs undertaken by both the church and diocese, and correspondence related to the day to day operations of the diocese.

Contents of the second sub-series, Civil Rights, include brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper articles which Marmion either collected or produced on the civil rights movement, mainly from the 1950's and 1960's. Included in this series are documents relating to the controversy over the biracial conferences at Hemlock Haven, a retreat near Marion, Virginia purchased by the diocese in 1957. While Marmion maintained the view that the youth conferences should be open to members of both races, many lay members of the diocese opposed mixed race conferences for young people, and only after five years of debate did the facility open to camps attended jointly by whites and African-Americans. The Bishop's yearly files on race relations from 1954-1965 also offer firsthand insight on the civil rights movement in the United States.

The third sub-series, International Affairs, includes correspondence and related documents detailing the Bishop's activities in overseas affairs. A large number of the folders detail companion diocese relationships with churches in Great Britain and Ecuador, and under the umbrella of this liaison Marmion made visits to both countries. Also included in this sub-series are documents that outline Marmion's opposition to apartheid in South Africa. Believing economic sanctions were key to forcing the South African government to end the racial discrimination of the apartheid system, in 1969 the Bishop chaired a committee to prevent the Episcopal Church from using banks which supported that country's government. Marmion's argument was persuasive, and the church agreed not to utilize banking firms who financed South Africa.

The fourth and smallest sub-series, Vietnam War, includes brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper clippings on the war in Vietnam between 1964 and 1975. The Bishop advocated ending the conflict in Southeast Asia, and his participation in a public anti-war demonstration in Roanoke drew the ire of some of his parishioners. Called both communist and un-patriotic, Marmion nevertheless sought to influence the United States government to seek an end to military involvement in Vietnam.

Note to Researchers:

The major portion of the papers is original correspondence either to or from the Bishop. Although a conscious effort has been made to adhere to the original order, the choice was made to arrange the papers topically by subject to provide quicker, more succinct access to the papers. Researchers should note, however, that the original titles of the folders were maintained, and that many folders can contain a variety of information beyond the scope of the title. Related collections held by Virginia Tech include the Episcopal Diocese of Southwestern Virginia (Ms 1985-004) and the Appalachian Peoples Service Organization Records (Ms 1988-095).

Contents List

Series I: Personal Papers

30 linear inches. (6 document boxes). Consists of brochures, maps, papers, pamphlets, and photographs related to the Bishop's personal interest in social issues, his travel, personal photographs, and information about his family.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

  • Box-Folder 111
    Austin, Texas
  • Box-folder 1-2
    Black Lung
  • Box-folder 1-3
    Bi-Centennial of American Independence
  • Box-folder 1-4
    Books
  • Box-folder 1-5
    Boston, Cape Cod, and Vicinity
  • Box-folder 1-6
    Boy Scouts
  • Box-folder 1-7
    Burrell Memorial Hospital
  • Box-folder 1-8
    Canada
  • Box-folder 1-9
    Career Evaluation
  • Box-folder 1-10
    Catacomb Cassette Club, The
  • Box-folder 1-11
    Cassettes
  • Box-folder 1-12
    Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions' Report to the President
  • Box-folder 1-13
    Chaplain, U.S. Senate
  • Box-folder 2-1
    Charismatic Movement
  • Box-folder 2-2
    Choir
  • Box-folder 2-3
    Chrisitian Friends: The Anti-Defamation League Bulletin
  • Box-folder 2-4
    Christmas Cards
  • Box-folder 2-5
    Church Issues
  • Box-folder 2-6
    Civil War (U.S.)
  • Box-folder 2-7
    Clergy-Laity Schism
  • Box-folder 2-8
    Comfortable Pew, The
  • Box-folder 2-9
    Communication
  • Box-folder 2-10
    Communicating the Gospel
  • Box-folder 2-11
    Confession of 1967 (Presbyterian)
  • Box-folder 2-12
    Consultant to Bill Folwell, Central Florida
  • Box-folder 2-13
    Cybernetics, Automation, and the Church
  • Box-folder 2-14
    Denominationalism
  • Box-folder 2-15
    Depression, The
  • Box-folder 2-16
    Deputy, The
  • Box-folder 2-17
    El Paso, Texas
  • Box-folder 2-18
    Energy Crisis, The
  • Box-folder 2-19
    Grounds for Encouragement
  • Box-folder 2-20
    Hurricane Camille
  • Box-folder 2-21
    General Thanksgiving, The
  • Box-folder 3-1
    Ivan Illich
  • Box-folder 3-2
    Jesus Christ Superstar
  • Box-folder 3-3
    Jesus Movement, The
  • Box-folder 3-4
    Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat
  • Box-folder 3-5
    Holy Cross Magazine
  • Box-folder 3-6
    Law
  • Box-folder 3-7
    Law and Order
  • Box-folder 3-8
    Los Angeles, California
  • Box-folder 3-9
    Maine
  • Box-folder 3-10
    Marmion Photographs
  • Box-folder 3-11
    Mandantory Sentences
  • Box-folder 3-12
    Minnis Case--The Bishop
  • Box-folder 3-13
    Mobile, Alabama
  • Box-folder 3-14
    Miscellaneous
  • Box-folder 4-1
    National Cathedral Association
  • Box-folder 4-2
    National Defense
  • Box-folder 4-3
    Necrology
  • Box-folder 4-4
    New Hampshire
  • Box-folder 4-5
    New York City
  • Box-folder 4-6
    New York State
  • Box-folder 4-7
    Occult Revival, The
  • Box-folder 4-8
    Operation Fuel
  • Box-folder 4-9
    Pari-Mutuel Gambling
  • Box-folder 4-10
    Patterson, Juan A.
  • Box-folder 4-11
    Personal Correspondence
  • Box-folder 4-12
    Personal
  • Box-folder 4-13
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Box-folder 4-14
    Population Explosion
  • Box-folder 4-15
    Prison Reform
  • Box-folder 4-16
    Registrations
  • Box-folder 4-17
    Religion in the News
  • Box-folder 4-18
    Richmond
  • Box-folder 4-19
    Roanoke Historical Society
  • Box-folder 4-20
    Space Age, The
  • Box-folder 5-1
    Strip Mining
  • Box-folder 5-2
    Third World, The
  • Box-folder 5-3
    Tillich, Paul
  • Box-folder 5-4
    Trust Relationship, A
  • Box-folder 5-5
    Twentieth Century Theology and Theologians
  • Box-folder 5-6
    Urban Life
  • Box-folder 5-7
    United Campus Chapel
  • Box-folder 5-8
    Vermont
  • Box-folder 5-9
    Watergate
  • Box-folder 6-1
    Who's Who in America
  • Box-folder 6-2
    Wilmington, Delaware
  • Box-folder 6-2
    Witness, The
  • Box-folder 6-4
    W.S.G.N--Morning Devotion
  • Box-folder 6-5
    1970's, The
Early Career 1932-1950

12 linear inches (3 document boxes) this series focuses on the Bishop's early career as a priest and a Rector in both Texas and at St. Mary's in the Highlands, in Birmingham, Alabama. Topics include youth work, race relations, and church calls.

  • Box-folder 7-1
    Anti-Defamation League
  • Box-folder 7-2
    Bulletin Material
  • Box-folder 7-3
    Brotherhood of St. Andrew
  • Box-folder 7-4
    Bush, Hollis
  • Box-folder 7-5
    Call to Corpus Christi
  • Box-folder 7-6
    Calls to Washington
  • Box-folder 7-7
    Church Fire Insurance Corporation
  • Box-folder 7-8
    Church School
  • Box-folder 7-9
    Church Society for College Work
  • Box-folder 7-10
    Church World Service
  • Box-folder 7-11
    Churchways
  • Box-folder 7-12
    CIO Organizing Committee
  • Box-folder 8-1
    Cleric's Scrapbook
  • Box-folder 8-2
    Miscellaneous Clippings
  • Box-folder 8-3
    Committee for Alabama
  • Box-folder 8-4
    Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy
  • Box-folder 8-5
    Community Chest
  • Box-folder 8-6
    Curate
  • Box-folder 8-7
    Division of Religious Education
  • Box-folder 8-8
    Episcopal Pacifist Fellowship
  • Box-folder 8-9,10
    Episcopal League for Social Action
  • Box-folder 8-11
    Every Member Canvass
  • Box-folder 8-12
    Fair Employment Practices Committee
  • Box-folder 8-13
    International Fellowship for Reconciliation
  • Box-folder 8-14
    Fellowship of Southern Churchmen
  • Box-folder 8-15, 16, 17
    Forward in Service
  • Box-folder 9-1
    Forward in Service
  • Box-folder 9-2
    Forward Today
  • Box-folder 9-3
    Hold
  • Box-folder 9-4
    Interparochial Institute
  • Box-folder 9-5
    Juvenile Delinquency
  • Box-folder 9-6
    Kanuga Lake Conference Center
  • Box-folder 9-7
    Letters to Congressmen
  • Box-folder 9-8
    Out of Town Bulletins
  • Box-folder 9-9
    St. Mary's Girl Club
  • Box-folder 9-10
    St. Mary's--School Teachers and Officers
  • Box-folder 9-11
    Women in Foreign Mission Fields
  • Box-folder 9-12
    Young Churchmen's Convention
Rector of St. Andrews, Wilmington, Delaware 1950-1954

10 inches (2 document boxes)Many of the documents in this series deal with the Affairs of St. Andrew's Church.

  • Box-folder 10-1
    Bishop's Election--Diocese of Delaware
  • Box-folder 10-2
    Builders for Christ
  • Box-folder 10-3
    Building Committee
  • Box-folder 10-4
    Call to St. Andrews
  • Box-folder 10-5
    Call to St. James--Houston
  • Box-folder 10-6
    Camp Tockwogh
  • Box-folder 10-7
    Children's Work Committee
  • Box-folder 10-8
    Clericus of Delaware
  • Box-folder 10-9
    Completion of Bethlehem, The
  • Box-folder 10-10
    Department of Christian Education
  • Box-folder 10-11
    Ehart, Edward
  • Box-folder 10-12
    Ethics and Economic Life
  • Box-folder 10-13
    Diocese of Delaware--General
  • Box-folder 10-14
    Diocesan Dates
  • Box-folder 10-15, 16, 17, 18
    Every Member Canvass
  • Box-folder 11-1
    Examining Chaplains
  • Box-folder 11-2
    Family and Religion
  • Box-folder 11-3
    Feelers
  • Box-folder 11-4
    Bryan Green Mission
  • Box-folder 11-5
    Hood Conference
  • Box-folder 11-6
    Interfaith Committee
  • Box-folder 11--7
    Lent--1954
  • Box-folder 11-8
    Letters--Birmingham
  • Box-folder 11-9
    St. Andrews Alter Guild
  • Box-folder 11-10
    St. Andrews Church School
  • Box-folder 11-11
    WDEL Radio Broadcasts
  • Box-folder 11-12
    Youth of St. Andrews
Bishop of Southwestern Virginia 1954-1979

190 linear inches (38 document boxes)This series encompasses Marmion's administrative record as Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, as well as several topics he took interest in. Divided into four sub-series: Administration, Civil Rights, International Affair, and the Vietnam War.

  • Administrative Files

    Contains general administrative files relating to the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia and Marmion's duties in the Episcopal Church. Information includes a broad range of topics, including committee reports, diocesan reports, projects and programs undertaken by both the church and diocese, and correspondence related to the day to day operations of the diocese

    • Box-folder 12-1
      Academy of Parish Clergy
    • Box-folder 12-2
      Advance Fund--Memorials
    • Box-folder 12-3
      Aging
    • Box-folder 12-4
      Aging--Home for the Elderly
    • Box-folder 12-5,6
      Appalachia Division
    • Box-folder 12-7
      Architecture and Construction Committee
    • Box-folder 12-8, 9, 10
      Bishop's Advisory Council on Applicants for the Ministry
    • Box-folder 12-11
      Bishop's invitational Conference
    • Box-folder 12-12
      Bishop Marmion's Consecration
    • Box-folder 13-1
      Bishop's Nominating Committee
    • Box-folder 13-2
      Bishop's Orientation Conference
    • Box-folder 13-3
      Black Ministries Commission
    • Box-folder 13-4, 5, 6, 7
      Boundary Commission
    • Box-folder 13-8
      Boy's Home
    • Box-folder 14-1
      Cabinet
    • Box-folder 14-2
      Campbell, Wilburn
    • Box-folder 14-3
      Cathedral (Diocese)
    • Box-folder 14-4
      Central House for Deaconesses
    • Box-folder 14-5
      Certified Workers
    • Box-folder 14-6
      Chancellor
    • Box-folder 14-7
      Charismatic Movement
    • Box-folder 14-8
      Child Care Centers
    • Box-folder 14-9
      Choirmaster
    • Box-folder 14-10
      Christian Education--Auto Visual
    • Box-folder 14-11
      Christian Education--Youth Reports
    • Box-folder 14-12
      Christian Education Conference
    • Box-folder 14-13,14
      Christian Social Relations
    • Box-folder 14-15
      Christian Housing Program
    • Box-folder 14-16
      Church Life Insurance Corporation
    • Box-folder 14-17
      Church Music
    • Box-folder 14-18
      Church Periodical Club
    • Box-folder 14-19
      Church Property Committee
    • Box-folder 15-1
      Church and Society
    • Box-folder 15-2
      Church Society for College Work
    • Box-folder 15-3
      Clergy Compensation and Performance Evaluation
    • Box-folder 15-4
      Clergy--Continuing Education
    • Box-folder 15-5
      Clergy Development Committee
    • Box-folder 15-6,7
      Clergy Prospects
    • Box-folder 15-8
      Clergy--Social Security
    • Box-folder 15-9
      College of Preachers
    • Box-folder 15-10
      College Work
    • Box-folder 15-11
      Commission on Ministry
    • Box-folder 15-12
      Commission on Ministry--Minutes
    • Box-folder 15-13
      Commission on Housing and Service for the Aging and Elderly
    • Box-folder 15-14
      Committee
    • Box-folder 15-15
      Community Action
    • Box-folder 15-16
      Community of the Way of the Cross, The
    • Box-folder 15-17
      Conference for the New Ministries
    • Box-folder 16-1
      Congressional Development Office
    • Box-folder 16-2
      Congressional Development--Applicants
    • Box-folder 16-3
      Consent
    • Box-folder 16-4,5
      Constitution and Canons
    • Box-folder 16-6,7
      Consultation on Church Unions
    • Box-folder 16-8
      Consultant to Vacancies--Parishes
    • Box-folder 16-9
      Continuing Education Diocese
    • Box-folder 17-1
      Convocations--General
    • Box-folder 17-2
      Corbin Fund
    • Box-folder 17-3
      Council of the Southern Mountains
    • Box-folder 17-4,5,6,7,8
      Council
    • Box-folder 17-9
      Counseling--Clergy Families
    • Box-folder 17-10
      Craighill Memorial
    • Box-folder 17-11
      Crisis in American Life Program
    • Box-folder 17-12
      Criteria for Selecting Priorities
    • Box-folder 17-13
      Crop
    • Box-folder 18-1
      Cuttington College
    • Box-folder 18-2
      Deaf Work
    • Box-folder 18-3
      Death With Dignity
    • Box-folder 18-4
      Dees, James Parker
    • Box-folder 18-5
      Deferred Gifts Division
    • Box-folder 18-6
      Delta Ministry--Greenville, Mississippi
    • Box-folder 18-7
      Department Heads
    • Box-folder 18-8
      Dialogue
    • Box-folder 18-9
      Dickenson County Food Cooperative
    • Box-folder 18-10
      Diocesan Information
    • Box-folder 18-11
      Diocesan Library
    • Box-folder 18-12
      Diocesan Personnel File
    • Box-folder 18-13
      Diocesan Programs Funded
    • Box-folder 18-14
      Diocesan Strategy Committee
    • Box-folder 18-15
      Dissent
    • Box-folder 18-16
      Ecumenical Commission
    • Box-folder 18-17
      Ecumenical Relations
    • Box-folder 18-19
      Episcopal Church Center
    • Box-folder 18-20
      Episcopal Church Foundation
    • Box-folder 18-21
      Episcopal Church Women
    • Box-folder 18-22
      Episcopal Church Women--Triennial
    • Box-folder 18-23
      Episcopal Church Women
    • Box-folder 19-1
      Episcopal Colleges
    • Box-folder 19-2,3
      Episcopal Day School
    • Box-folder 19-4
      Episcopal Radio--TV Foundation
    • Episcopal School Foundation
    • Box-folder 19-6
      Episcopal Society for Ministering to the Aging, INC
    • Box-folder 19-7
      Episcopal Society for Ministry in Higher Education
    • Box-folder 19-8
      Episcopalian, The
    • Box-folder 19-9
      Equal Opportunity Employment Task Force
    • Box-folder 19-10
      Evan's House
    • Box-folder 19-11
      Evangelical Education Society
    • Box-folder 19-12
      Evangelism and Renewal
    • Box-folder 19-13
      Every Member Canvass
    • Box-folder 19-14
      Executive Board
    • Box-folder 19-15
      Executive Board--Visitations
    • Box-folder 19-16
      Executive Board--Brochures
    • Box-folder 20-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
      Executive Council
    • Box-folder 20-9
      Faith Alive
    • Box-folder 20-10
      Finance
    • Box-folder 20-11
      Financial Appeals--Response
    • Box-folder 20-12
      Fish
    • Box-folder 21-1
      Fund for an Open Society
    • Box-folder 21-2
      Future of the Diocese, The
    • Box-folder 21-3
      General Convention
    • Box-folder 21-4
      General Convention--Additional Representatives
    • Box-folder 21-5
      General Convention--Agenda Committee
    • Box-folder 21-6
      Gneral Convention Conference--Pre-Conference
    • Box-folder 21-7
      Gifts and Bequests
    • Box-folder 21-8
      Bryan Green Preaching Mission
    • Box-folder 22-1
      Bishop William J. Gordon
    • Box-folder 22-2
      H.C. for Children
    • Box-folder 22-3
      Help-Inc--Bethany Hall, Half-way House for Women
    • Box-folder 22-3
      Captain Robert Hicks
    • Box-folder 22-5
      Historical Society of Episcopal Church
    • Box-folder 22-6
      Histographer--Council
    • Box-folder 22-7,8
      Histographer--Dr. Marshall Fishwick
    • Box-folder 22-9
      Hollins
    • Box-folder 22-10
      Hood Conference--Province of Washington
    • Box-folder 22-11,12,13
      House of Bishops
    • Box-folder 23-1,2,3,4
      House of Bishops
    • Box-folder 23-5
      House of Bishops--New Orleans, Louisiana
    • Box-folder 23-6
      House of Bishops Meeting--Pocono Manov, Pennsylvania
    • Box-folder 23-7
      Housing--Low Income
    • Box-folder 23-8
      Indian Work--National Committee
    • Box-folder 23-9
      Indian Work
    • Box-folder 24-1,2
      Institutional Chaplaincy
    • Box-folder 24-4
      Institutional Chaplaincy--Advisory Board
    • Box-folder 24-5
      Institutional Chaplaincy--Staunton Area
    • Box-folder 24-6
      Institutional Chaplaincy
    • Box-folder 24-7
      Institution for Advanced Pastoral Studies, INC
    • Box-folder 24-8
      Insurance Plan for the Diocese
    • Box-folder 24-9
      Jesus in the Church Today
    • Box-folder 25-1
      Joint Committee on Christian Citizenship
    • Box-folder 25-2
      Joint Urban Advisory Committee
    • Box-folder 25-3
      Jones, Martha DeBrey
    • Box-folder 25-4
      Lay Administration of the Chalice
    • Box-folder 25-5
      Lay Ministries Division
    • Box-folder 25-6
      Lay Reader's Information
    • Box-folder 25-7
      Lay Readers-Training
    • Box-folder 25-8
      Levels of Authority in the Church
    • Box-folder 25-9
      Life in the Spirit Commission
    • Box-folder 25-10,11,12
      Liturgical Commission of the Diocese
    • Box-folder 25-13
      Liturgical Commission of the Episcopal Church
    • Box-folder 26-1
      Liturgical Commission of the Diocese
    • Box-folder 26-2
      New Liturgy, The
    • Box-folder 26-3
      Long Range Planning Commission
    • Box-folder 26-4
      Long Range Planning and Strategy for Mission
    • Box-folder 26-5
      Marin Fund
    • Box-folder 26-6
      Marriage--Advisory Committee to the Bishop
    • Box-folder 26-7
      Marriage--Canon 18 Study
    • Box-folder 26-8
      Marriage Services
    • Box-folder 26-9
      Marriages
    • Box-folder 26-10
      Massey, Denton
    • Box-folder 26-11
      Maxwell, John
    • Box-folder 26-12
      Map of the Diocese
    • Box-folder 26-13
      Men of the Diocese
    • Box-folder 26-14
      Mid-Atlantic Career Center
    • Box-folder 27-1
      Mid-Atlantic Parish Training Program
    • Box-folder 27-2
      Mid-Winters
    • Box-folder 27-3
      Mingea Fund
    • Box-folder 27-4
      Ministry--Commission
    • Box-folder 27-5
      Lay Ministries
    • Box-folder 27-6
      Ministry Commission
    • Box-folder 27-7
      Ministry--Resort Areas
    • Box-folder 27-8
      Ministry--New Forms
    • Box-folder 27-9
      Miscellaneous--General Convention
    • Box-folder 27-10
      Missions
    • Box-folder 28-1
      Missions Department
    • Box-folder 28-2,3
      Missions--Diocese
    • Box-folder 28-4
      Missions--Outreach
    • Box-folder 28-5
      Missions--Statistical Information
    • Box-folder 28-6
      Missions--Task Force on Local Missions
    • Box-folder 28-7
      Mutual Responsiblity Presentation at Lexinton
    • Box-folder 28-8
      Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence
    • Box-folder 28-9
      Correspondence Regarding Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence in the Body of Christ--M.R.I.
    • Box-folder 28-10
      Reports Regarding mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence in the Body of christ
    • Box-folder 28-11
    • Box-folder 29-1
      Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence--MRI Division
    • Box-folder 29-2
      Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence--Course for Laymen
    • Box-folder 29-3
      Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence--Receiving
    • Box-folder 29-4
      National Association of Episcopal Schools
    • Box-folder 29-5
      National Committee on Tithing and Investment
    • Box-folder 29-6
      National Council on the Churches of Christ in the United States of America
    • Box-folder 29-7
      National Council of Churches--Capsule Report
    • Box-folder 29-8
      Newman, Samuel M.D.
    • Box-folder 29-9
      Non-Stipendary Ministry
    • Box-folder 29-10
      Northeast Career Center, The
    • Box-folder 29-11
      Organ Donor Program
    • Box-folder 29-12
      Parish Administration
    • Box-folder 30-2,3
      Pastoral Development
    • Box-folder 30-4
      Pathway Schools, INC
    • Box-folder 30-5
      Pension Plan--Lay Employees
    • Box-folder 30-6
      Pheobe Needles
    • Box-folder 30-7
      Peobe Needles Memorial Conference Center
    • Box-folder 30-8
      Planning Division
    • Box-folder 30-11
      Prayer Commission
    • Box-folder 30-12
      Preaching Mission Remarks
    • Box-folder 30-13
      Presiding Bishop Allen
    • Box-folder 31-1
      Promotion Department--Diocese
    • Box-folder 31-2
      Projects for Partnership
    • Box-folder 31-3
      Provincial Council
    • Box-folder 31-4,5,6
      Province III Synod
    • Box-folder 31-7
      Province III--Nominating Committe
    • Box-folder 31-8
      Province III--Bishops
    • Box-folder 31-9
      Province III
    • Box-folder 31-10
      Provincial Synod, St. Paul's Church, Richmond, VA
    • Box-folder 31-11
      Province of Washington
    • Box-folder 32-1,2,3,4,5,6
      Radford Colege
    • Box-folder 32-7
      Roanoke Area--Denominational Executives
    • Box-folder 32-8
      Resource Development
    • Box-folder 32-9
      Registrar
    • Box-folder 32-10
      Religious Situation, The
    • Box-folder 32-11
      Reorganization of Evans House Staff
    • Box-folder 32-12
      Research and Field Study
    • Box-folder 32-13
      Resolutions
    • Box-folder 32-14
      Restricted Pledges
    • Box-folder 32-15
      Retarded Children's Home
    • Box-folder 32-16
      Revolving Loans--Guidelines
    • Box-folder 32-17
      Right to Work Laws
    • Box-folder 32-18
      Thomas A. Scott Memorial
    • Box-folder 32-19
      Schismatic Movement
    • Box-folder 32-20
      Sexuality--Task Force
    • Box-folder 32-21
      Social Service
    • Box-folder 32-22
      Special Funds Grants
    • Box-folder 33-1,2
      Standing Committee
    • Box-folder 33-3,4
      Stewardship and Promotion
    • Box-folder 33-5
      southwestern Episcopal Homes
    • Box-folder 33-6
      Committee on the State of the Church
    • Box-folder 33-7
      Stuart Hall Board of Trustees
    • Box-folder 33-8
      Stuart Hall Anniversary
    • Box-folder 33-9
    • Box-folder 33-10
      Teaching and Education
    • Box-folder 33-11
      Total Action Against Poverty
    • Box-folder 33-12
      Town and Country Work
    • Box-folder 34-1,2
      United Thank Offering
    • Box-folder 34-4
      Virginia Education Fund
    • Box-folder 34-5
      Vacancy Consultation--Diocese
    • Box-folder 34-6,7
      Venture in Mission
    • Box-folder 34-8
      Venture in Mission--Reports
    • Box-folder 35-1
      Virginia Coalition on Nutrition--Veterans' Administration
    • Box-folder 35-2
      Viginina Committee for Public Schools
    • Box-folder 35-3
      Virginia Episcopal School
    • Box-folder 35-4
      Voluntary Plan of Christian Stewardship
    • Box-folder 35-5
      Warden's Conference
    • Box-folder 35-6
      Women Workers
    • Box-folder 35-7
      Women of the Diocese
    • Box-folder 35-8,9
      Worship of the Church
    • Box-folder 35-10
      Year of Achievement
    • Box-folder 35-11
      Youth Conference Materials
  • Civil Rights

    Contents of the second sub-series, Civil Rights, include brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper articles which Marmion either collected or produced on the civil rights movement, mainly from the 1950's and 1960's. Included in this series are documents relating to the controversy over the biracial conferences at Hemlock Haven, a retreat near Marion, Virginia purchased by the diocese in 1957. While Marmion maintained the view that the youth conferences should be open to members of both races, many lay members of the diocese opposed mixed race conferences for young people, and only after five years of debate did the facility open to camps attended jointly by whites and African-Americans. The Bishop's yearly files on race relations from 1954-1965 also offer firsthand insight on the civil rights movement in the United States

    • Box-folder 36-1
      Advisory Committee on Intergroup Relations
    • Box-folder 36-2
      Birmingham Bombing
    • Box-folder 36-3,4
      Black Manifesto
    • Box-folder 36-5,6
      Church and Race
    • Box-folder 36-7
      Civil Disorders
    • Box-folder 36-8
      Civil Rights
    • Box-folder 36-9
      Civil Rights Act
    • Box-folder 36-10
      Civil Rights Bill
    • Box-folder 37-1
      Civil Rights Bill
    • Box-folder 37-2
      Commission on Interracial Problems and Dating
    • Box-folder 37-3
      Committee on Church and Race
    • Box-folder 37-4,5
      Council
    • Box-folder 37-6
      Daniels, Jonathan
    • Box-folder 37-7
      Department of Christian Education
    • Box-folder 37-8
      Freedom Riders
    • Box-folder 37-9
      General Convention II
    • Box-folder 38-1,2,3,4,5
      General Convention II
    • Box-folder 38-6
      General Convention II--Bishop Marmion's Letter
    • Box-folder 38-7
      "Letter from Birmingham County Jail"--by Dr. Martin Luther King
    • Box-folder 38-8
      Gray Plan
    • Box-folder 39-1
      Hemlock Haven--Board of Governors
    • Box-folder 39-2
      Hemlock Haven
    • Box-folder 39-3
      Hemlock Haven--Board of Managers
    • Box-folder 39-4
      Hemlock Haven--Clergy Conference Dedication
    • Box-folder 39-5
      Hemlock Haven--Committee of Twenty- Four
    • Box-Folder 39-6
      Hemlock Haven Contributors--Operating Budget for 1961
    • Box-folder 39-7
      Hemlock Haven Director
    • Box-folder 39-8,9,10,11
      Hemlock Haven Enrollment Policy
    • Box-folder 40-1,2
      Hemlock Haven--General
    • Box-folder 40-3
      Hemlock Haven--Labor Day Weekend
    • Box-folder 40-4
      Hemlock Haven--Clergy Conference on Matters of Race--North Carolina Diocese
    • Box-folder 40-5
      Hemlock Haven--Policy, By Laws, Charter
    • Box-folder 40-6
      Hemlock Haven--Policies
    • Box-folder 40-7
      Hemlock Haven--Promotion
    • Box-folder 40-8
      Hemlock Haven--Special Study Committee
    • Box-folder 40-9
      Hemlock Haven Standing Committee--Diocese of Southwestern Virginia
    • Box-folder 40-10
      Hemlock Haven--Statement of Cary White
    • Box-folder 40-11,12
      Hemlock Haven--Task Force
    • Box-folder 41-1
      Hemlock Haven--Tennis Weekend
    • Box-folder 41-2
      Hemlock Haven--Youth Conference
    • Box-folder 41-3
      Lit-in Demonstrators
    • Box-folder 41-4
      March on Washington, The
    • Box-folder 41-5,6
      National Conference on Religion and Race
    • Box-folder 41-7
      National Church, 281 4th Avenue, New York, New York--General
    • Box-folder 41-8
      Pastoral Letter 1956--Answers
    • Box-folder 42-1
      Project Equality
    • Box-folder 42-2
      Race
    • Box-folder 42-3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13
      Race Relations
    • Box-folder 42-14
      Race Realtions--General
    • Box-folder 43-1
      Race Relations--General
    • Box-folder 43-2
      Race Relations Committee
    • Box-folder 43-3
      Race Relations Planning Conference
    • Box-folder 43-4
      Race Relations--The Southwestern Episcopalian
    • Box-folder 43-5
      Race Relations--Washington, D.C.
    • Box-folder 43-6
      Roanoke Conference on Interracial Cooperation
    • Box-folder 43-7
      Selma, Alabama Crisis
    • Box-folder 43-8
      The Southern Episcopalian Pastoral Letter, from Bishop Marmion on School Issues
    • Box-folder 43-9
      Southern Frontier
    • Box-folder 43-10
      Stouffer Foundation
    • Box-folder 43-11
      Teeter, John H.
    • Box-folder 43-12
      West, Francis
  • International Affairs

    The third sub-series, International Affairs, includes correspondence and related documents detailing the Bishop's activities in overseas affairs. A large number of the folders detail companion diocese relationships with churches in Great Britain and Ecuador, and under the umbrella of this liaison Marmion made visits to both countries. Also included in this sub-series are documents that outline Marmion's opposition to apartheid in South Africa. Believing economic sanctions were key to forcing the South African government to end the racial discrimination of the apartheid system, in 1969 the Bishop chaired a committee to prevent the Episcopal Church from using banks which supported that country's government. Marmion's argument was persuasive, and the church agreed not to utilize banking firms who financed South Africa.

    • Box-folder 44-1
      Bayne, Stephen F. (Bishop)
    • Box-folder 44-2
      Bradford--Companion Diocese
    • Box-folder 44-3
      Bradford Clergy Conference
    • Box-folder 44-4
      Bradford--Companion Diocese
    • Box-folder 44-6,7,8
      Bradford Tour
    • Box-folder 44-9
      Church School Missionary Offering
    • Box-folder 44-10
      Drummy, Richard
    • Box-folder 44-11,12
      Ecuador
    • Box-folder 45-1
      Ecuador
    • Box-folder 45-2
      Ecuador Accident
    • Box-folder 45-3
      Ecuador--Bishop Caceres
    • Box-folder 45-4
      Ecuador--Bishop Request
    • Box-folder 45-5
      Ecuador
    • Box-folder 45-6
      Ecuador Committee
    • Box-folder 45-7
      Ecuador
    • Box-folder 45-8
      Ecuador--Layman's Tour
    • Box-folder 45-9
      Ecuador--Lift Up Thine eyes
    • Box-folder 45-10
      Ecuador--Youth Exchange
    • Box-folder 45-11
      Guatemala--Expulsion of Bishop Frey
    • Box-folder 45-12,13,14
      Lambeth
    • Box-folder 46-1,2
      Lambeth Conference
    • Box-folder 46-3
      Lambeth 1978--Reports and Resolutions
    • Box-folder 46-4
      Middle East
    • Box-folder 46-5
      Missionaries
    • Box-folder 46-6
      Ovamboland
    • Box-folder 46-7
      Rhodesia
    • Box-folder 46-8
      Social Responsbility in Investments
    • Box-folder 46-9
      South Africa--Episcopal Churchmen
    • Box-folder 46-10,11,12
      South Africa
    • Box-folder 47-1
      South Africe
    • Box-folder 47-2
      White House Conference on International Cooperation
    • Box-folder 47-3
      World Council of Churches
    • Box-folder 47-4
      World Hunger--Diocesan Committee
    • Box-folder 47-5,6
      World Relief and Interchurch Aid
  • Vietnam War

    The fourth and smallest sub-series, Vietnam War, includes brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper clippings on the war in Vietnam between 1964 and 1975. The Bishop advocated ending the conflict in Southeast Asia, and his participation in a public anti-war demonstration in Roanoke drew the ire of some of his parishioners. Called both communist and un-patriotic, Marmion nevertheless sought to influence the United States government to seek an end to military involvement in Vietnam

    • Box-folder 48-1
      Clemency/Earned Re-entry
    • Box-folder 48-2
      Draft Counseling Services
    • Box-folder 48-3
      Episcopal Peace Fellowship
    • Box-folder 48-4
      International Peace Advisory Committee
    • Box-folder 48-5
      Prisoners of War
    • Box-folder 48-6
      Vietnam
    • Box-folder 48-7
      Vietnam War and the United States