A Guide to the J. Lindsay Almond Papers, 1850-1987 Almond, J. Lindsay, Papers Mss1 AL685 a FA2

A Guide to the J. Lindsay Almond Papers, 1850-1987

A Collection in
the Virginia Historical Society
Collection Number Mss1 AL685 a FA2


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Virginia Historical Society
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© 2002 By Virginia Historical Society. All rights reserved.

Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Virginia Historical Society Staff

Repository
Virginia Historical Society
Collection number
Mss1 AL685 a FA2
Title
previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJr next hit., previous hitPapers next hit 1850-1987
Size
2,8000 (ca.) items.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, 1925-1983; speeches, 1927-1979; financial and legal previous hitpapers next hit, 1948-1978; scrapbooks, 1934-1963; newspaper clippings, 1931-1987; miscellaneous volumes; certificates and awards. Correspondence is non-official, but touches on previous hitAlmond's next hit term as Governor of Virginia and on his appointment to the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals. Scrapbooks and clippings document his campaigns and terms as attorney general and governor of Virginia, and contain a great deal of information on Virginia's resistance to school desegregation. Also included in the collection are correspondence, speeches, and miscellaneous previous hitpapers next hit of previous hitAlmond's next hit wife, Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit (1901-1992), some of which concerns her service as First Lady of Virginia.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit previous hitPapers next hit, 1850-1987 (Mss1 AL685 a FA2), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va.

Acquisition Information

Gift of the estate of Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit, through the courtesy of Lewis S. Minter, in 1992.


Biographical/Historical Information

James previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJr next hit., was born June 15, 1898, in Charlottesville, Va., the son of previous hitLindsay next hit and Eddie Nicholas (Burgess) previous hitAlmond next hit. At an early age his family moved to a farm in rural Orange County, Va. previous hitAlmond next hit entered the University of Virginia in 1917 as a member of the Student Army Training Corps but withdrew a year later and consequently served for a year as principal of the Zoar High School near Roanoke, Va., 1921- 1922. He then entered the University of Virginia School of Law and earned his law degree in 1923. He had been admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1921. He was in private practice as a lawyer in Roanoke, Va., 1923- 1932, and quickly became known for his handling of criminal cases.

A Democrat, previous hitAlmond's next hit interest in politics began in his teens. His involvement with Democrat Harry Flood Byrd began in 1925, when previous hitAlmond next hit made several speeches in support of Byrd's gubernatorial campaign. With Byrd's help, previous hitAlmond next hit was appointed assistant Commonwealth's attorney for the city of Roanoke, 1930-1933, and a judge of the Roanoke Hustings court, 1933-1945. He was later appointed to the 79th U.S. Congress and elected a member of the 80th U.S. Congress. The Virginia Democratic Party, led by Harry F. Byrd, asked previous hitAlmond next hit to step down from his Congressional seat and run for attorney general of Virginia, to which position he was elected in 1948. He served in this office until 1957, at which time he resigned to run for governor of Virginia.

Both previous hitAlmond's next hit campaign for and service as governor were dominated by Virginia's response to the Supreme Court's school desegregation edict. As governor, he inherited a program of "massive resistance" designed to halt school integration by erecting a series of defensive obstacles. Realizing the movement was doomed and if continued would potentially destroy the Commonwealth's educational system, in January 1959 previous hitAlmond next hit admitted defeat and established a commission to develop a plan for the integration of Virginia's public schools. previous hitAlmond's next hit reversal on this issue cost him the support of the Harry F. Byrd and his many supporters.

Following previous hitAlmond's next hit term as governor, he was appointed by President John F. Kennedy as an interim judge of the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, Washington, D.C. With U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd on the Senate Judicial Committee, it took much campaigning on the part of previous hitAlmond's next hit friends and supporters to secure his official appointment to this post in 1963. He served as a member of this court until his retirement in 1986.

previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit married Josephine Katherine Minter (1901-1992) in 1925. A native of Roanoke, Va., Mrs. previous hitAlmond next hit attended Elizabeth College in Salem, Va., and received her bachelor's degree in 1923 from Wittenberg University in Ohio. The previous hitAlmond's next hit had no children, but raised Mrs. previous hitAlmond's next hit orphan nephew, Lewis S. Minter, from infancy. Mr. previous hitAlmond next hit died April 14, 1986, and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Roanoke, Va.

Scope and Content Information

Series 1 contains the non-official correspondence of previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJr next hit., 1925-1983, chiefly as governor and while he was seeking a federal judgeship. Subjects mentioned include concerns of constituents; recommendations of persons for appointments by various state and local officials; the attempt on previous hitAlmond's next hit life in April 1959; previous hitAlmond's next hit stand on school desegregation (see the correspondence of Alburtis S. Harrison, previous hitJr next hit., Charles L. Lady, and Sydney F. Small); and the efforts of previous hitAlmond's next hit supporters to get him a position on the U.S. Court of Patent Appeals (see the correspondence of George Edward Allen (1885-1972), Miner Carl Andrews, Lester R. Bachner, Harry Flood Byrd (1887-1966), James O. Eastland, Charles Rogers Fenwick, Eppa Hunton IV, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Robert Francis Kennedy, Marvin E. Nuckols, previous hitJr next hit., and A. Willis Robertson). This appointment was blocked for almost a year by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, a member of the Senate Judicial Committee, who had broken with previous hitAlmond next hit over the latter's apparent reversal of his support of school desegregation and the policy of "massive resistance." Also included is scattered family correspondence, chiefly concerning the health of previous hitAlmond's next hit mother, Edmonia Nicholas (Burgess) previous hitAlmond next hit (d. 1966).

Series 2 contains speeches given on various occasions. Subseries 2.1, Speeches by previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, are arranged chronologically. See 1958-1960 for the bulk of speeches concerning school desegregation. Subseries 2.2, Speeches by Others, is arranged alphabetically by author.

Series 3 includes scattered financial and legal records, 1948-1978, of previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJr next hit., consisting of records of sale and purchase of residential real estate in Roanoke and Richmond, Va., loose accounts and previous hitpapers next hit including forms relating to his employment as a federal judge, canceled checks, an account book for his expenses relating to the last illness and death of his mother, Edmonia Nicholas (Burgess) previous hitAlmond next hit (d. 1966) of Locust Grove, Va., and miscellaneous items including an affidavit concerning the Virginia Senatorial campaign of 1946 and its connection with the C.I.O. Political Action Committee and a list of firearms owned by Mr. previous hitAlmond next hit.

Series 4 includes scrapbooks, 1934-1963, containing chiefly newspaper clippings from Richmond and Roanoke, Va., newspapers documenting the various careers of previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJr next hit. The volumes are arranged in four subseries as follows: Subseries 4.1 documents previous hitAlmond's next hit career as a judge of the Roanoke City Hustings Court and as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Series 4.2 documents previous hitAlmond's next hit return to Virginia to serve as Attorney General. Subseries 4.3 documents previous hitAlmond's next hit campaign for, election as, and service as governor of Virginia. Prominently mentioned is his fight against court-ordered desegregation of public schools. Subseries 4.4 in many ways overlaps previous subseries but also includes a scrapbook concerning the Roanoke Racing Homer Club, Roanoke, Va., of which previous hitAlmond next hit was a member, and a 1963 barbecue given in previous hitAlmond's next hit honor.

Series 5 consists of newspaper clippings, 1931-1987, arranged chronologically, chiefly from Roanoke and Richmond, Va., previous hitpapers next hit. Subjects include previous hitAlmond's next hit service as Attorney General of Virginia, campaign for and election as Governor of Virginia, the "massive resistance" movement, and the previous hitAlmonds next hit' life after leaving office. See also: Oversize.

Series 6 contains brief biographical statements, occasionally in resolution form. Some items were evidently attached to letters of recommendation for various appointments. Persons represented include: previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit, Jerome M. Alper, Rufus Adolphus Ayers, Leroy S. Bendheim, Charles Newton Bordwine, Carter Lee Burgess, Mortimer Maxwell Caplin, Albert Edward Cox, John Alvin Crogan, Constantine N. Dombalis, John H. East, F. Howard Forsyth, Connie Barriot Gay, Edward Wren Hudgins, Thomas G. Massie, Joe G. Matthews, Josephine (Umberger) Minter, C. E. Myers, Andrew E. Newton, Gene A. Robens, Bradley Roberts, William L. Saunders, Erwin Seago, Robert N. W. Welch, and Elijah Brockenbrough White.

Series 7 contains non-scrapbook volumes. Subseries 7.1 consists of previous hitAlmond's next hit appointment registers, 1951-1961 (90 v.) kept while he was Attorney General and Governor of Virginia. Entries are short, often containing only the name of the person visiting. Occasionally mention is made of subject matter to be discussed. previous hitAlmond's next hit attendance at official functions (including receptions, luncheons, conferences) is also noted. Subseries 7.2 consists of miscellaneous volumes, including a letterbook, 1919 April 30-May 9, containing drafts of letters from previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit to Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit; student notebook, 1923 March 4-June 1, kept at the University of Virginia Law School; Roll book, 1957 November 5, containing recollections of previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond's next hit gubernatorial victory, collected by the previous hitAlmond next hit Booster Club of Roanoke, Va.; and Guest register, 1958 April 22-1962 January 4, of visitors to the Governor's Mansion.

Series 8 includes diplomas, certificates of membership in various organizations, law licenses and certificates of qualification to appear before various courts, masonic materials, and miscellaneous items received during previous hitAlmond's next hit careers. Of special interest are his diploma from the University of Virginia, 1923; his law license, 1921; a certificate of appointment to the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, 1962, signed by John F. Kennedy and Robert P. Kennedy; oath as Attorney General of Virginia, 1950; certificate of election as Democratic Party candidate for governor, 1957; and Virginia Senate Resolution No. 30 upon his death. (Many items are oversized.)

Series 9 contains miscellaneous and other previous hitpapers next hit, including previous hitAlmond next hit family previous hitpapers next hit (will, 1956, of Edmonia Nicholas (Burgess) previous hitAlmond next hit; letter, 1891, of W. W. Scott to T. W. previous hitAlmond next hit); previous hitAlmond next hit family genealogical notes; funeral program for I. T. Minter (d. 1934), father of Josephine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit; writings about previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit; original poetry and Christmas greetings from friends; and minutes of meetings, 1974, of the Colon Club of Richmond, Va., a social club made up of members of the Richmond business and political elite.

Series 10 contains the previous hitpapers next hit of Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit. Subseries 10.1, Correspondence, 1942-1986, consists chiefly letters expressing support for previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond's next hit candidacy and election as governor, and of his actions as governor. Also, personal and family correspondence. Correspondents of note include Mildred previous hitAlmond next hit (concerning strained relations between previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit and his brother over the care of their invalid mother), Jacqueline (Bouvier) Kennedy Onassis, Lewis S. and Ted A. Minter, Woodrow T. Scurry (of Roanoke, Va., a black man who spent time in prison and credited Gov. previous hitAlmond next hit with helping him to turn his life around), Wilbur Walker (concerning the Governor's schedule), and Edith Galt Bolling Wilson (of Washington, D.C., discussing Democratic politics and her relationship with the President and Mrs. Kennedy). Subseries 10.2, Speeches, 1940-1983, contains the text of speeches delivered by Mrs. previous hitAlmond next hit on various occasions. Arranged chronologically where possible, alphabetically by subject otherwise. Subseries 10.3., Other previous hitpapers next hit, 1923-1974, includes notes for speeches, commonplace containing poetry and prose, financial materials concerning household expenses at the Governor's Mansion, guest lists for planning events at the Governor's Mansion, notes for interviews, scrapbooks, and awards.

Organization

Organized into ten series by material type. Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Other materials are arranged chronologically wherever possible.


Index Terms

  • previous hitAlmond next hit, previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit (James previous hitLindsay next hit), 1898-1986.
  • previous hitAlmond next hit, Josephine Katherine Minter, 1901- 1992.
  • Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966.
  • Democratic Party (Va.) -- History -- 20th century.
  • Eastland, James O. (James Oliver), 1904-1986.
  • Governors' spouses -- Virginia -- Social life and customs.
  • Harrison, Albertis S. (Albertis Sydney), 1907-1995.
  • Judges -- Appointment, qualifications, tenure, etc.
  • Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963.
  • Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968.
  • Political campaign -- Virginia -- History -- 20th century.
  • Political oratory -- Virginia -- History -- 20th century.
  • School integration -- Virginia.
  • Scrapbooks -- Virginia -- History -- 20th century.
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.
  • United States. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.
  • Virginia -- Politics and government -- 1865-1950.
  • Virginia -- Politics and government -- 1951-
  • Virginia. Governor (1958-1962 : previous hitAlmond next hit)
  • Virginia. Office of the Attorney General.
  • Women -- Virginia -- Political activity.
  • Women -- Virginia -- Social life and customs -- 20th century.

Contents List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1925-1983.
Box: 1-11

Alphabetical by correspondent.

Series 2: Speeches, undated and 1946-1969.
  • Box 12-17
    Subseries 2.1: Speeches by previous hitJ next hit. previous hitLindsay next hit previous hitAlmond next hit, 1946-1969.
  • Box 18
    Subseries 2.2: Speeches by Others, 1927-1979.
Series 3: Financial and legal materials, 1948-1979.
Box: 19

Real estate records, 1948-1964; loose accounts, 1958-1978; cancelled checks, 1960-1966; account book, 1962-1967; and miscellaneous, 1949 and n.d.

Series 4: Scrapbooks.
  • Box 20-21
    Subseries 4.1: Scrapbooks, 1945-1948.

    Document previous hitAlmond's next hit career as a judge of the Roanoke City Hustings Court and as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • Box 22-23
    Subseries 4.2: Scrapbooks, 1946-1956.

    Document previous hitAlmond's next hit return to Virginia to serve as Attorney General.

  • Box 24-32
    Subseries 4.3: Scrapbooks, 1956-1961.

    Documents previous hitAlmond's next hit campaign for, election as, and service as governor of Virginia. Prominently mentioned is his fight against court-ordered desegregation of public schools.

  • Box 33-35
    Subseries 4.4: Scrapbooks, 1934-1963.

    This subseries in many ways overlaps previous subseries but also includes a scrapbook concerning the Roanoke Racing Homer Club, Roanoke, Va., of which previous hitAlmond next hit was a member, and a 1963 barbecue given in previous hitAlmond's next hit honor.

Series 5: Newspaper Clippings, 1931-1987.
Box: 35 (cont.)-37
Series 6: Biographies.
Box: 38
Series 7: Miscellaneous volumes.
  • Box 39
    Subseries 7.1: Appointment registers, 1951-1961.
  • Box 40
    Subseries 7.2: Miscellaneous volumes, 1919-1962.

    Letterbook, 1919 April 30-May 9; student notebook, 1923 March 4-June 1, kept at UVA; roll book, 1957 November 5, previous hitAlmond next hit Booster Club, Roanoke Va.; guest register, 1958 April 22-1962 January 4.

Series 8: Certificates and awards, 1919-1982.
Box: 41

Diplomas, certificates of membership in various organizations, law licenses and certificates of qualification to appear before various courts, masonic materials, and miscellaneous items received during previous hitAlmond's next hit careers.

Series 9: Miscellaneous and Other previous hitpapers next hit, 1857-1974.
Box: 41 (cont.)
Series 10: previous hitPapers next hit of Josephine Katherine (Minter) previous hitAlmond next hit.
  • Box 42
    Subseries 10.1: Correspondence, 1942-1986.

    Alphabetical by correspondent.

  • Box 43
    Subseries 10.2: Speeches, 1940-1983.

    Arranged chronologically where possible, alphabetically by subject otherwise.

  • Box 44
    Subseries 10.3: Miscellaneous and Other previous hitpapers, 1923-1974.