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A Guide to the Wickham Family Papers, 1766-1945 Wickham Family Papers, 1766-1945 Mss1 W6326 a FA2

A Guide to the Wickham Family Papers, 1766-1945

A Collection in
the Virginia Historical Society
Collection Number Mss1 W6326 a FA2


Virginia Historical Society

Virginia Historical Society
P.O. Box 7311
Richmond, Virginia 23221-0311
Phone: (804) 342-9677
Fax: (804) 355-2399

© 2002 By Virginia Historical Society. All rights reserved.

Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Virginia Historical Society Staff

Virginia Historical Society
Collection number
Mss1 W6326 a FA2
A Guide to the previous hitWickham next hit Family Papers, 1766-1945
5,500 (ca.) items (37 mss. boxes)
Abstract: The collection includes correspondence, 1798-1839, of Richmond, Va., attorney John previous hitWickham next hit, primarily concerning business and legal affairs and politics (correspondents include Stephen Decatur, Edmund Ruffin, and U.S. senator Littleton Waller Tazewell); legal records (including materials concerning the treason trial of Aaron Burr in 1807); records concerning "East Tuckahoe" plantation, Henrico County, Va.; and records concerning the settlement of previous hitWickham's next hit estate. Also, includes correspondence, 1836-1897, of previous hitWickham's next hit son Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit (1821-1909), New Orleans, La., attorney and planter at "Woodside," Henrico County, Va. (including letters of Thomas Ashby concerning the "Bunker Hill" plantation, Darlington County, S.C., and of Elizabeth Selden Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit of Richmond and while visiting the Virginia springs); accounts; and materials concerning his law practice. Also, includes correspondence, 1864-1895, of Francis Peyre Porcher (1825-1895), physician of Charleston, S.C., with family members, prominent medical practitioners, and business associates; and family and personal correspondence, 1870-1929, of his daughter, Julia previous hitWickham next hit (Porcher) previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1933), especially with French soldiers and widows World War I, along with two autograph albums compiled by Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit featuring signatures and letters of prominent American and English literary, political and scientific figures. Also, includes diaries (36 v.), 1900-1939, correspondence, 1872-1935, and miscellaneous records of Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit (1857-1939), attorney of Sprague, Wash., and Richmond, Va., judge of the Henrico County Court, and while serving in the Virginia Senate; correspondence, 1891-1897, and miscellaneous records of his cousin and law partner, William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1900) of Richmond, Va., concerning his law practice, local civic activities, and service with the 1st Cavalry Regiment of Virginia Volunteers; and miscellaneous records of other previous hitWickham next hit family members

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

previous hitWickham next hit Family Papers, 1766-1945 (Mss1 W6326 a FA2), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Dr. Charles W. Porter and Mrs. Julia previous hitWickham next hit Porter, Richmond, Va., in 1986. Accessioned 1 October 1987.

Biographical/Historical Information

The previous hitWickham next hit family of Richmond and Henrico County, known as the "Woodside Wickhams," was founded by the celebrated post-Revolutionary War attorney John previous hitWickham next hit (1763-1839). A skilled advocate and friend to many of the prominent legal and political figures of his day, previous hitWickham next hit married twice and had numerous off-springs. This collection primarily traces his descendants by his second wife, Elizabeth Selden McClurg.

Scope and Content Information

The collection opens with attorney John previous hitWickham's next hit personal correspondence, largely with his second wife, Elizabeth Selden (McClurg) previous hitWickham next hit, and his children. Letters from a number of prominent correspondents appear as well, including: James Breckinridge (concerning the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830), Joseph Carrington Cabell (enclosing lengthy letters of Isaac A. Coles concerning his travels in western Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, the Missouri Territory, and the Missouri Compromise), Stephen Decatur, Maria M. Fanning (of Prince Edward Island, Canada; in part concerning Governor Edmund Fanning), Robert Gamble (enclosing an extract from a letter of George Mathews, governor of Georgia), John Church Hamilton (concerning a biography of Alexander Hamilton), William Gaston, Edmund Ruffin, Benjamin Silliman (of Yale College), Littleton Waller Tazewell (about 35 letters written while a U.S. senator from Virginia, a Norfolk attorney, and a planter on the Eastern Shore; enclosing a copy of a letter from Chief Justice John Marshall [18 January 1827] and notes on admiralty law; and describing a cholera epidemic [17 September 1832]), George previous hitWickham next hit (while serving as an officer in the U.S. Navy aboard the U.S.S. Constellation in the Mediterranean Sea [see also Josiah Colston]), and Walter Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (as a medical student and physician in Baltimore, Md.).

Box three commences with materials from John previous hitWickham's next hit law practice. These include his 1787 licence to practice in Virginia; a commonplace book, ca. 1766-1780, kept by an unidentified person (no doubt a previous hitWickham next hit relative), with notes on procedural law in the inferior and superior courts of the Colony of New York and accounts (p. 130ff) of an unidentified individual; proceedings and orders of the Board of British Debt Commissioners in Philadelphia, Pa., 1798-1808; records of actions in the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Virginia in the so-called British Debt Cases, 1795-1808; and a will of Nicholas M. Vaughan of Goochland County 1833.

Materials concerning the famous trial of Aaron Burr in the federal court in Richmond on treason charges in 1806-1807 primarily revolve around previous hitWickham's next hit questioning of the integrity of evidence provided by General James Wilkinson and Wilkinson's attempt to secure satisfaction on the field of honor. The records include copies of Wilkinson's letters to President Thomas Jefferson; correspondence of previous hitWickham next hit with George Hay, Dr. William Upshaw and James Wilkinson; and affidavits and a memorial of Miles Selden and John previous hitWickham next hit. (previous hitWickham's next hit writings are letter-press copies in very poor condition and barely legible.)

While a resident of Richmond, John previous hitWickham next hit purchased a large tract of land in western Henrico County known as "East Tuckahoe." His records of that estate include lists of slaves at "Middle Quarter" and "Lower Quarter," 1821-1837 (the 1825 list includes previous hitWickham's next hit notes on various workers); test borings for coal, 1809-1834; and notes on the wheat crop, 1836.

John previous hitWickham's next hit commonplace book, 1804-1807, records notes on climate, weather, agriculture and population, and undoubtedly served as a source for the pamphlet on climate that he wrote. Miscellaneous materials include a lengthy essay on slavery and abolition(undated but probably written by previous hitWickham next hit in the 1830s); a biographical sketch of Chief Justice John Marshall (see letter of Bushrod Washington, Box 2); physician's instructions for the care of Elizabeth Selden (McClurg) previous hitWickham next hit, 1823; epitaphs of certain of the previous hitWickham next hit children; notes concerning a tour through Europe, ca. 1784; and lines of verse.

Materials concerning the estate of John previous hitWickham next hit include his will, 1839, probated in Richmond (bearing extensive notes of Benjamin Watkins Leigh); letters of condolence addressed to Mrs. and Henry Hiort; Richmond City tax receipts, 1854-1863; and litigation among the heirs, 1854 (also concerns the estate of Dr. James McClurg). Division of the "East Tuckahoe" estate, 1847-1871, includes agreements, litters of John previous hitWickham next hit (1825-1902) And William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880) to Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit; an abstract of title; notes and a bond.

John previous hitWickham next hit married first Mary Smith Fanning, who bore him two sons and died young in 1799. His second wife, Elizabeth Selden McClurg, was a celebrated belle of her day. The papers of this second Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit, in Series 2, consist of correspondence, 1794-1850, including letters of Edwin Burwell, Stephen Decatur, Dr. James McClurg, Eliza (Kinloch) Nelson (at "Shirley" Charles City county), Littleton Waller Tazewell, Eliza Carter (Randolph) Turner (of "Shirley," Charles City County), George previous hitWickham next hit, and John previous hitWickham next hit ([1825-1902] at Harvard College). Copies of wills of benefactors include those of Edwin Burwell (an early admirer, written in Richmond, 1798), Dr. James McClug (probated in Richmond, 1823), and Walter McClurg (probated in Elizabeth City County in 1784). Miscellany is comprised of a receipt, 1850; autograph of Henry Clay; recipes; and lines of verse.

The eldest of the children of John and Elizabeth previous hitWickham next hit featured prominently in this collection is Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (note that the children began to spell "McClurg" as "maclurg"). Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (1814-1900) lived at "East Tuckahoe." His papers are contained in Series 3, and consist of a diary, 1851-1882, with many gaps, that deals primarily with plantation operations, the management of slaves (including lists of slaves with records of the distribution of clothing and supplies), and notes from 1890 concerning the recent death of family members and friends. Some of the records in this diary were entered by John previous hitWickham next hit (1825-1902). A few items of correspondence, 1848-1876, include letters from his brother William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880). Additional materials are made up of loose accounts, 1860-1897; bonds of Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit and receipts of Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit, 1859-1865; and materials, 1893-1897, from the lawsuit of Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit trustee etal. v. the heirs of Frances (previous hitWickham next hit) Graham etal. in an unidentified Virginia court (including correspondence and notes of William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit [1860-1900] as counsel and receipts of the legatees).

Maclurg previous hitWickham's next hit miscellany consists of diplomas from the University of Virginia, 1831-1832; a pardon, 1865, signed by President Andrew Johnson and William Henry Seward; a lease of Thomas E. Clarke to the "Woodside" plantation in Henrico County (including trust deeds concerning horses and cattle at "Woodlawn," Henrico County); personal property tax return, 1896; and an insurance policy, 1897. previous hitWickham's next hit estate records are comprised of notes of Henry Taylor previous hitWickham next hit concerning the draft of a will and the response; a certificate of the executor's qualification; an inventory; and an unexecuted deed, 1909, to real property in Richmond, Va.

Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit was named for one of his father's closest personal friends. Educated at the University of Virginia, he practiced law in New Orleans for a time before returning to Virginia in the 1850s. His papers comprise Series 4. His correspondence (Boxes 5-8), 1836-1897, largely concerns his life as a student at the University, the estates of his two deceased wives, and plantation a portion of the old "East Tuckahoe" estate. Among the more important of frequent correspondents are: Thomas Ashby (of Charleston, S.C., concerning the "Bunker Hill" plantation in Darlington County, S.C.), Parke Farley Berkeley, John Minor Botts, Alfred T. Conrad, Francis Buckner Conrad, William W. Harllee (of Mars Bluff, S.C., concerning the purchase and sale of the "Bunker Hill" plantation), William F. Harrison (of Powhatan County), Gabriella Brockenbrough (previous hitWickham next hit) Leigh, Robert Nash Ogden (New Orleans judge, concerning the estate of John Nicholson), John Scott (of "Oakwood," Fauquier County, concerning the abolition of slavery), Philip Montague Thompson (at the University of Virginia), Elizabeth Seldon Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (with comments on everyday life and society in Richmond; some letters written from New Orleans, La., Salt Sulphur Springs and Sweet Springs, W. Va., and Hot Springs, Bath County, Va.), George previous hitWickham next hit, John previous hitWickham next hit ([1825-1902] at the White Sulphur Springs and Sweet Springs, W.Va., in1844 and bearing references to John Minor Botts and Robert Edward Lee), Littleton Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit, Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit (practicing law at Sprague, Washington and visiting White Sulphur Springs, W.Va., in 1895), William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit ([1793-1880] of "Hickory Hill," Hanover County, concerning the lawsuit previous hitWickham next hit etal. v. Leigh etal. in Richmond Circuit Court), and H. B. Taliaferro & Co., Richmond (postwar produce and commission merchants).

L. W. T. previous hitWickham's next hit financial records are found in Boxes 8-9. These include two account books, 1851-1874 (record of checks) and 1874-1878; a passbook, 1855-1857; and loose accounts, 1849-1882 and 1890-1891. Materials, 1837-1839, concerning previous hitWickham's next hit education at the University of Virginia include essays (bear notes of Professor George Tucker), a speech on slavery, scheme of study, invitations, accounts, eximinations, and diplomas. Records of invitatins, accounts, examinations, and diplomas. Records of previous hitWickham's next hit law practice, 1848-1852, consist of licenses, a commonplace book bearing abstracts of Virginia and British case reports and notes of John previous hitWickham next hit (1763-1839), notes on law, materials concerning lawsuits in Louisiana, and materials concerning his law partner in New Orleans, Francis Buckner Conrad.

Bell & Gibson of Richmond constructed previous hitWickham's next hit home at "Woodside" about 1857. Records in Box 10 include agreements, accounts, an insurance policy, and letters to William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880) from Baltimore craftsmen concerning a mantle. William F. Harrison of Powhatan County built a barn and "machine shelter" on the estate and his records are comprised of agreements, accounts, notes and miscellany. Then follow records of agricultural operations, 1857-1875: deeds to portions of the estate; inventories of personal property; lists of slaves; a petition to the Virginia General Assembly concerning fence laws; agreements with overseers; notes and miscellany.

In the later 1850s previous hitWickham next hit purchased the land and slaves at "Bunker Hill" in Darlington County, S.C., from his father-in-law, Thomas Ashby. After previous hitWickham's next hit wife died, the transaction became a point of conflict between the two men. Records consist of bonds, receipts of Ashby, accounts, proceedings concerning the dower right of Elizabeth Peyre (Ashby) Laurens previous hitWickham next hit, accounts of sales of property, lists of slaves, a letter of William W. Harllee to Dr. Edward Porcher, and miscellany.

A few of Littleton previous hitWickham's next hit records from the period of the Civil War survive. These include certificates; assessors' receipts for produce; a petition of George A. Mathews to Confederate Secretary of War James Alexander Seddon (draft in the hand of previous hitWickham next hit); a pass; petition of Henrico County residents to General Edward R. S. Canby concerning the fencing of farms (signed by L.W.T. previous hitWickham next hit, Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit, and about two dozen others); and notes. Materials relating to previous hitWickham's next hit postwar filing for bankruptcy in the U.S. District Court for Eastern Virginia consist of a petition, schedules of property (broadsides), a deposition, power of attorney, notes and letters of William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880) and William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1900) as a counsel, a copy of the marriage settlement of Charlotte Georgiana (previous hitWickham next hit) Lee and William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, receipts, and certificates.

Miscellaneous documents relating to Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit are comprised of a letter of Daniel Webster to Benjamin Watkins Leigh in 1840; plans for the gradual abolition of slavery written by previous hitWickham next hit in 1847; a lease, 1862, to a house in Richmond; litigation involving previous hitWickham next hit, 1867-1870; a will written in Henrico County, 1861; lines of verse composed by previous hitWickham next hit (including odes to Richmond and to Virginia); a commonplace book, 1886 (two entries); letters written to previous hitWickham next hit & Co., Lorraine, Va., 1893-1897; and newspaper clippings.

Littleton previous hitWickham next hit married his first wife, Eliza Wyckoff Nicholson, in New Orleans, but she died young in 1850. She is represented in Series 5. Her correspondence, 1846-1850, is primarily with relatives and largely concerns the estate of her father, John Nicholson. Among her correspondents are Alfred T. Conrad, Louisiana congressman Charles Magill Conrad, Francis Buckner Conrad, Frances S. D. Ogden, Judge Robert Nash Ogden and Elizabeth Selden Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit. Box 12 also contains a few accounts, 1849-1850, and materials concerning the estate of John Nicholson ([d. 1848] including correspondence of L.W.T. previous hitWickham next hit and William T. Hepp [administrator]; accounts; power of attorney; petition to the Louisiana District Court in New Orleans; a printed message of the governor of Pennsylvania concerning the estate of John Nicholson [d. 1800]; a document of partition and compromise; inventories of estate property; court proceedings; and notes of L.W.T. previous hitWickham next hit and others). Miscellany and a few items from her estate round out the records of the first Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit (will [three copies], memorial by L.W.T. previous hitWickham next hit and funeral notice, certificate from the Louisiana district Court for Jefferson Parish, accounts, court proceedings [drafts of petitions and motions], and notes).

The second Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit, the widow Elizabeth Peyre (Ashby) Laurens of Charleston, S.C., likewise died young in 1859 after bearing four children. Her papers, in Series 6, include letters written to her, 1852- 1859, including one from South Carolina attorney general James Louis Petigru. The collection also includes letters, 1821-1831, written by her mother, Elizabeth (Peyre) Sinkler Ashby, to a handful of correspondents, and a letter of E. Thomas concerning the death of Mrs. Ashby. Series 7 contains the papers of John previous hitWickham next hit (1825-1902), the youngest of the previous hitWickham next hit sons, who also lived at "Woodside" in Henrico County. His correspondence, 1837-1902, includes letters from Benjamin Watkins Leigh, Winfield Scott (concerning an appointment to the military academy at West Point) and Littleton Waller Tazewell (bears an extract from a letter of President John Tyler to Tazewell, 24 October 1842). Along with sporadic accounts, Box 13 contains John previous hitWickham's next hit records of "East Tuckahoe," particularly concerning mineral rights and mining proposals and including plats and notes of John J. Pleasants, deeds, and an agreement.

John previous hitWickham next hit likewise filed for bankruptcy following the Civil War. Records of these proceedings in the U. S. District Court for Easter Virginia consist of a memorandum of proceedings; petition; reports; reply and exceptions of Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (drafts in the hand of William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit [1860-1900]); letters addressed to William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit of T.A. & W.F. previous hitWickham next hit of Richmond; notes and miscellany. Some general miscellany and a few items from his estate (including diplomas from the University of Virginia, 1841, and a will written in Henrico County in 1901) complete John previous hitWickham's next hit records.

Series 8 contains materials relating to this generation of Wickhams. Included are a number of items of correspondence of Dr. James McClurg, Littleton Waller Tazewell, Elizabeth Selden Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit, George previous hitWickham next hit, James Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit and others.

Series 9 contains the papers of Dr. Francis Peyre Porcher, whose daughter married a son of L.W.T. previous hitWickham next hit. Porcher was an eminent South Carolina physician and medical writer who had married a granddaughter of John previous hitWickham next hit (1763-1839). His correspondence in this collection, 1864-1895, is directed largely to family members, prominent American and European practitioners, and some financial and business associates (especially concerning railroad bonds). Some letters concern the collection of autographs for his daughter, discussed below. Correspondents include Dr. Abel Seymour Baldwin, Florida congreeman Silas Leslie Niblack, Dr. George Frederick Shrady, Julia previous hitWickham next hit (Porcher) previous hitWickham next hit, William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880) and a number of Porcher family members. Lectures, 1849 and 1870) on Cicero and the Roman Forum, an 1879 lecture before the Young Men's Christian Association of Charleston, S.C., and an undated essay concerning South Carolina local history also survive.

Dr. Porcher's miscellany includes a number of interesting items. Along with a few accounts, 1865-1869 and 1895, are orders of the Confederate States Surgeon General Samuel Preston Moore, 1862; notes on the Confederate service of the 7th South Carolina Infantry Regiment; Confederate States Bonds, 1863; Florida Central Railroad stock certificates, 1868; a published articles on Yellow Fever, 1894; and a commission, 1881, as South Carolina representative to the American Public Health Association, signed by Governor Johnson Hagood. These are followed by a few miscellaneous Porcher family materials: letters to or from Isabella Sarah (Peyre) Porcher, Virginia (Leigh) Porcher and Dr. Walter Peyre Porcher; and essays on freedmen in South carolina by Alexander Mazyck Porcher.

Series 10, the papers of Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit (1857-1939), include thirty-six volumes of Judge previous hitWickham's next hit diaries, for the years 1900, 1902-1925, and 1929-1939. The entries are cryptic notations on local weather, farming activities, travel, personal finances, and the like. Judge previous hitWickham's next hit correspondence, 1872-1938 (beginning in Box 19), is primarily with members of his family, concerning his law practice in the Washington Territory, his service in the Virginia Senate (especially regarding confirmation proceedings for the appointment of Judge William Francis Rhea to the State Corporation Commission), and the estate of Frances (previous hitWickham next hit) Graham. This includes a large number of letters from his law partner and later Washington State Supreme Court justice Wallace Mount.

Following a group of loose accounts and check stub books (two volumes), the collection contains records of Judge previous hitWickham's next hit residence at "Woodside." These include an insurance policy, proposal for rental of farm land, agreements, materials concerning bridge construction over Tuckahoe Creek and miscellany. Other land records of previous hitWickham next hit concern the acquisition of lots and improvements in Richmond and Henrico County, 1909- 1912.

Records concerning Judge previous hitWickham's next hit law practice, 1843-1921, consist of licences and licence fees; law notes; a tribute to James Robertson Vivian Daniel; notes concerning the professional conduct of John Anthony Lamb; accounts of the law firm of T.A. & W.F. previous hitWickham next hit in Richmond, 1893-1896; cases in the Richmond Chancery Court, Richmond Law and Equity Court, and Henrico Circuit Court (including the estate of Frances (previous hitWickham next hit) Graham in Graham's trustee v. Graham's heirs); materials concerning lands in Richmond belonging to Lucy previous hitWickham next hit (Fitzhugh) Faison and R. H. Sinton (in the lawsuit of Joseph A. Johnston v. Rebecca Johnston etal.); and materials concerning executorships and trusteeships handled by previous hitWickham next hit during his judicial career.

Judge previous hitWickham's next hit political materials concern his service in the Virginia Senate in 1908 (petition of citizens of York County for a portion of their district to be added to James City County; materials concerning the confirmation proceedings in the case of Judge Rhea on the State Corporation Commission) and his unsuccessful bid to win the 1910 Democratic Congressional Primary against Congreeman John Lamb (notes; form letter; labor union materials, newspaper clippings). The judge's miscellany includes the diary of an 1895 visit to White Sulphur Springs, W.Va.; stock certificates, 1907-1910; tax forms for various years; and a will (revoked).

Following Judge previous hitWickham's next hit papers are the surviving records of his cousins and law partner William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1900). They practiced together in Richmond in the 1890s as T.A. & W.F. previous hitWickham next hit. Contained in Series 11, William F. previous hitWickham's next hit correspondence largely concerns his law practice, St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Hanover County (letters from architects, manufacturers, contractors, etc.), the Virginia State Agricultural and Mechanical Society (especially concerning the Virginia State Fair of 1893), the First Cavalry Regiment of Virginia Volunteers, previous hitWickham's next hit purchase of a farm in Powhatan County, and local alumni of the University of Virginia. Prominent correspondents include Anne Carter (previous hitWickham next hit) Renshaw Byerly, horsebreeder H. Clay Chamblin, Stuart Lee Dance, Alexander Barclay Guigon, Maryland horseman Robert Hough, Fenton Noland (of Offley, Va.), Thomas Nelson Page, clergy Clevius Orlando Pruden, Hanover County attorney Hill Carter Redd, federal judge Edmund Waddill, Henry Taylor previous hitWickham next hit, Lucy Penn (Taylor) previous hitWickham next hit, John Sergeant Wise, and the Re. E. Lee Camp of Sons of Confederate Veterans in Richmond.

Additional records of William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit consist of accounts, 1893-1897; materials as colonel commanding the First Cavalry Regiment of Virginia Volunteers (general and special orders, invitations to participate in special events, expenses of a court-martial, and subscribers to the Albemarle Light Horse Troop of Virginia Volunteers); invitations and notices of meetings of such secret societies, clubs, and fraternal orders as the Scottish Rite Freemasons, Shriners, Knights Templar, Tuckahoe Farmers' Club, and Wednesday Club of Richmond. General miscellany includes records of his law practice; assorted materials concerning the construction of St. Paul's Church in Hanover County; materials concerning the Seay Farm in Powhatan County; Republican Party materials; records of the University of Virginia alumni banquet in Richmond, 1894; bonds; and materials concerning Hanover County courthouse.

Series 12 contains materials relating to Julia previous hitWickham next hit Porcher (1860-1933), who married her cousin Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit in 1897 and lived at "Woodside." She kept a diary (Box 28) in 1896 during a trip to England and France that contains numerous clippings and photographs along with daily notations. Her correspondence, 1870-1929, is primarily with Porcher family members and with friends, but also includes letters from a number of French soldiers and widows during and just after World War I. Among the significant correspondents: Hobart Asquith (concerning his Confederate serve in the Maryland Line under generals Lunsford Lindsay Lomax and Williams Carter previous hitWickham next hit), Episcopal clergyman Ambler Mason Blackford, French clergyman C. Boyer (written in French at the close of World War I), New York banker Charles Meriwether Fry, Elizabeth (Leigh) Fry, Hamilton Wright Mable, Virginia Carter Minor, Alexander Mazyck Porcher, Isabella Sarah (Peyre) Porcher, Virginia Leigh Porcher, Dr. Walter Peyre Porcher, Helen Willis (Minor) Poyntz, Conway Robinson (concerning President Rutherford B. Hayes), Mary Susan Selden (Leigh) Robinson, Irish actress Patricia (Collinge) Smith, Littleton Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit, and Bishop Richard Hooker Wilmer (enclosing a copy of his pamphlet entitled Some Thoughts on Robert Elsmere, in a Letter to a Friend [1889?]).Mrs. previous hitWickham's next hit account books include a volume covering expenses on a trip to Europe in 1891 and a passbook apparently on a New York bank, 1895-1896. Then follow in Boxes 33-34 her very extensive collection of autographs of famous persons. Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit apparently began collecting as a young woman with her father's encouragement and aid, and amassed a fine group of letters, autographs, and clipped signatures from her father's friends and medical associates, as well as from other Porcher and previous hitWickham next hit family members. The first volume remains intact and an index to it follows this collection description. Loose items have been filed in the same box with the album, as the index will show. The second volume was in very poor condition, the highly acidic paper on which many items were pasted threatened their very existence. The volume thus was disassembled and the loose items filed alphabetically according to type of document. A separate index of the documents removed from this second volume is also available.

The remaining materials of Mrs. previous hitWickham next hit in this collection include a scrapbook dating from 1904 containing numerous newspaper clippings, and a large file of clippings grouped around certain subjects (obituary notices, Virginia and South Carolina local history, Huguenots in America, general information). Miscellany consists of a few accounts, 1920-1926; an essay on women; a student notebook (primarily concerns literature and language); materials concerning the "Half-Hour Reading Club," 1889-1895, presumably in South Carolina; genealogical and historical notes; and lines of verse by Edmund Pendleton.

Series 13 is made up of a few surviving papers of Judge Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham's next hit brother Littleton Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit survive in this collection. They consist of correspondence, 1880-1889; accounts, 1886-1888; account books (two volumes), 1878-1883, 1882-1883; and a check stub book, 1882-1884. Series 14 contains papers of their sister Elizabeth (previous hitWickham next hit) Fitzhugh, including letters, 1866-1881, from Thomas Ashby, Mary Louise Brooks, Isabella Sarah (Peyre) Porcher, William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1793-1880) and others; accounts, 1882-1884; and miscellany. A number of items of correspondence, 1882-1939, of Mrs. previous hitWickham's next hit sister Virginia Leigh Porcher, make up Series 15. These may be found in Box 36 as well.

Littleton Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (1898-1973), son of Judge Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit, represents the last generation of "Woodside Wickhams" in this collection. His papers are contained in Series 16. His correspondence, 1909-1945, is primarily with family and friends from the University of Virginia and concerns in part Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America and previous hitWickham's next hit service in World War I. Correspondents include John Herbert Claiborne, Richard Hartwell Cocke (of "Lower Bremo," Fluvanna County, and as an attorney in Alabama), Richard Davenport Gilliam, Congreeman Andrew Jackson Montague, Amelia Louise (Rives) Chanler Troubetzkoy and Dr. Frederick Henry Wilke.

Records of Littleton previous hitWickham's next hit days at the Episcopal High School in Alexandria, both as student and teacher, may be found in Box 37. Examination reports, exam questions, a list of students, invitations and programs illustrate his career as a student, 1911-1915, while teach contracts (signed by Archibald Robinson Hoxton) and accounts cover his teaching career, 1917-1921 (see also his correspondence with his mother, Julia previous hitWickham next hit (Porcher) previous hitWickham next hit). previous hitWickham next hit attended the University of Virginia, graduating from the college in 1917 and attending the School of Law from 1922 to 1924. Examination reports, a recommendation from Professor Richard Henry Wilson, and miscellany cover his years in Charlottesville. Miscellany concerns his World War I service (1917) and personal accounts, 1923-1938.

The collection closes with Series 17, which contains miscellaneous family and non-family materials including letters written to or by Anne Alston Porcher, Margaret Ward Porcher and Ashby Porcher previous hitWickham next hit; a commonplace book of Mary Charlotte Porcher, 1850; and accounts of Julia Porcher (previous hitWickham next hit) Porter, 1931-1937.


Arranged into seventeen series by main entry and further subdivided by document type or subject as necessary.

Index Terms

  • Ashby, Thomas, 1783-1872.
  • Autograph albums -- Virginia -- Richmond.
  • Bunker Hill (Darlington County, S.C.)
  • Diaries -- Virginia -- Henrico County -- History -- 20th century.
  • East Tuckahoe (Henrico County, Va.)
  • Lawyers -- Virginia -- Richmond -- History.
  • New Orleans (La.) -- History -- 19th century.
  • Physicians -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- History -- 19th century.
  • Porcher, Francis Peyre, 1825-1895.
  • Practice of law -- Louisiana -- New Orleans -- History -- 19th century.
  • Practice of law -- Virginia - - Richmond -- History.
  • Sprague (Wash.) -- History -- 19th century.
  • Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1783-1865.
  • Veterans -- France -- History -- World War, 1914-1918.
  • Virginia -- Description and travel -- 19th century.
  • Virginia. General Assembly. Senate -- Members -- History -- 20th century.
  • Virginia. Militia. Cavalry Regiment, 1st (1891-1897)
  • previous hitWickham next hit family.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, Elizabeth Selden Maclurg, 1815-1853.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, John, 1763-1839.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, Julia previous hitWickham next hit Porcher, 1860-1933.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, Littleton Waller Tazewell, 1821- 1909.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, Thomas Ashby, 1857-1939.
  • previous hitWickham next hit, William Fanning, 1860- 1900.
  • Woodside (Henrico County, Va.)

Contents List

Series 1: John previous hitWickham next hit (1763-1839), Richmond and "East Tuckahoe," Henrico County, Va.
  • Box 1-2
    Subseries 1.1: Correspondence, 1798-1839
  • Box 3
    Subseries 1.2: Law materials and miscellany, 1766-1833

    Law practice, 1766-1833; Burr trial, 1806-1807; "East Tuckahoe" materials; commonplace book; miscellany; estate.

Series 2: Elizabeth Selden (McClurg) previous hitWickham next hit (1781-1853), Richmond, Va.
Box: 4

Correspondence, 1794-1850; wills of benefactors; miscellany.

Series 3: Maclurg previous hitWickham next hit (1814-1900), "East Tuckahoe," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 5

Diary, 1851-1882; correspondence, 1848-1876; accounts, 1860-1897; bonds; previous hitWickham next hit v. Graham materials; miscellany; estate.

Series 4: Littleton Waller Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit (1821-1909), New Orleans, La., and "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
  • Box 5 (cont.)-8
    Series 4.1.: Correspondence, 1836-1897.
  • Box 8 (cont.)-10
    Series 4.2: Financial materials, 1849-1891.

    Account books, bank books, loose accounts, bonds and notes.

  • Box 10 (cont.)
    Series 4.3: University of Virginia records, 1837-1839.
  • Box 10 (cont.)
    Series 4.4: Law practice, 1848-1852.
  • Box 10 (cont.)-11
    series 4.5: Plantation records, "Woodside" and "Bunker Hill," 1858-1861.
  • Box 11 (cont.)
    Series 4.6: Miscellany

    Civil War materials, 1862-1865; bankruptcy materials, 1859-1880; miscellany.

Series 5: Eliza Wyckoff (Nicholson) previous hitWickham next hit (d. 1850), New Orleans, La.
Box: 12

Correspondence, 1846-1850; accounts, 1849-1850; estate of John Nicholson, 1842-1851; miscellany; estate.

series 6: Elizabeth Peyre (Ashby) Laurens previous hitWickham next hit (1824-1859), Charleston, S.C. and Richmond, Va.
Box: 12 (cont.)

Letters to, 1852-1859; letters of her mother, Elizabeth (Peyre) Sinkler Ashby, 1821-1831.

Series 7: John previous hitWickham next hit (1825-1902), "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 13

Correspondence, 1837-1902; accounts, 1876-1877, 1893-1902; "East Tuckahoe" materials, 1840-1868; bankruptcy materials, 1878-1896; miscellany and estate.

Series 8: Remaining children of John previous hitWickham next hit (1763-1839).
Series 9: Doctor Francis Peyre Porcher (1824-1895), Charleston, S.C.
  • Box 14
    Series 9.1: Correspondence and lectures, 1864-1895.
  • Box 15
    Series 9.2: Porcher family materials, 1864-1883, and miscellany.
Series 10: Thomas Ashby previous hitWickham next hit (1857-1939), Sprague, Washington, Richmond, and "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 13
  • Box 15 (cont.)-19
    Series 10.1: Diaries, 1900, 1902-1925, 1929-1939
  • Box Box 19 (cont.)-20
    Series 10.2: Correspondence, 1872-1938
  • Box 21
    Series 10.3: Financial materials, 1882-1939

    Accounts, 1882-1885, 1895-1922 (sporadic), 1930-1939; check stub books (2 v.), 1910-1912, 1912-1914.

  • Box 22
    Series 10.4: Plantation materials, 1894-1935

    "Woodside" materials, 1894-1935; land records, 1900-1912

  • Box 22 (cont.)
    Series 10.5: Legal and political materials, 1843-1921, and miscellany.

    Law practice, 1843-1921; Virginia Senate, 1908; Democratic Congressional primary, 1910; miscellany.

Series 11: William Fanning previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1900), Richmond, Va.
  • Box 23-26
    Subseries 11.1: Correspondence, 1891-1897.
  • Box 27
    Subseries 11.2.: Financial materials, 1893-1897.
  • Box 27 (cont.)
    Subseries 11.3: Military, 1893-1894, personal, and general miscellany.

    First Cavalry Regiment material, 1893-1894; secret societies, clubs, fraternal orders; general miscellany.

Series 12: Julia previous hitWickham next hit (Porcher) previous hitWickham next hit (1860-1933), Charleston, S.C., and "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
  • Box 28
    Series 12.1: Julia previous hitWickham next hit Diary, 1896
  • Box 28 (cont.)-32
    Series 12.2: Correspondence, 1870-1929.
  • Box 33
    Series 12.3: Account books, 1891, 1895-1896
  • Box 33 (cont.)-34
    Series 12.4: Autograph albums, 1769-1887

    Autograph album I, 1769-1887; Aautograph album II, 1825-1884

  • Box 35
    Series 12.5: Scrapbook and miscellany.

    Scrapbook, 1904; newspaper clippings; miscellany.

Series 13: Littleton Tazewell previous hitWickham next hit (1858-1890), "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 36

Correspondence, 1880-1889; accounts, 1886-1888; account books (2 vols.), 1878-1883, 1882-1883; check stub book, 1882-1884.

Series 14: Elizabeth (previous hitWickham next hit) Fitzhugh (1854-1889), "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 36 (cont.)

Letters to, 1866-1881; accounts, 1882-1884; miscellany

Series 15: Virginia Leigh Porcher (1866-1940), Charleston, S.C., and "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
Box: 36 (cont.)

Correspondence, 1882-1939

Series 16: Littleton Maclurg previous hitWickham (1898-1973), "Woodside," Henrico County, Va.
  • Box 36 (cont.)-37
    Series 16.1: Correspondence, 1909-1945
  • Box 37 (cont.)
    Series 16.2: Educational materials and miscellany

    Episcopal High School records; University of Virginia; miscellany

Series 17: Miscellaneous family and non-family materials
Box: 37 (cont.)

Letters, commonplace book, accounts