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A Guide to the Papers of the Trist, Burke, and Randolph Families, 1832-1886, n.d. Trist, Burke, Randolph Families, Papers 5096-a

A Guide to the Papers of the Trist, Burke, and Randolph Families, 1832-1886, n.d.

A Collection in
Special Collections
The University of Virginia Library
Accession Number 5096-a


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Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
Accession Number
5096-a
Title
Papers of the Trist, Burke, and Randolph Families 1832-1886, n.d.
Physical Characteristics
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Papers of the Trist, Burke, and Randolph Families, Accession #5096-a, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Acquisition Information

This collection was deposited in the Library by the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 1955 June 27.


Biographical/Historical Information

Nicholas P. Trist: American diplomat, b. Charlottesville, Va. Trist attended West Point, studied law under Thomas Jefferson, whose granddaughter he married, and was private secretary to Andrew Jackson. He served as U.S. consul (1833-1841) in Havana, Cuba, and was chief clerk of the Dept. of State when he was sent (1847) to Mexico as a special agent to conduct negotiations to end the Mexican War. A short armistice was reached after the battles of Contreras and Churubusco (August, 1847), but negotiations were unsuccessful and war was resumed. President Polk had Trist recalled. Trist had reopened negotiations before his recall arrived and decided to ignore the order. He succeeded in negotiating the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Polk supported the treaty but declared Trist in disgrace. Trist did not recover his unpaid salary and expenses until 1871.

Scope and Content

Chiefly the correspondence (drafts) and notes of Nicholas P. Trist relating to his activities in the peace negotiations with Mexico, 1847-1848, and to his controversy with Generals Scott and Pillow. Persons mentioned and correspondents include James Buchanan, Caleb Cushing, James L. Freaner, Henry W. Hilliard, Commodore M.C. Perry, Major General Gideon Johnson Pillow, Major General Winfield Scott, and R.C. Winthrop. Map of northern Mexico with annotations and signed by R.E. Lee.

The remaining portion of the collection pertains to the Trist and related families and includes the correspondence of Martha Jefferson Trist Burke, J.W. Burke, Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge, Sydney Coolidge, E. H. Janne, Lewis Carter Randolph, Mary Jefferson Randolph, Mary Page Randolph, and Virginia Jefferson Trist.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in four series. Series I: Correspondence of Nicholas P. Trist; Series II: Documents of Nicholas P. Trist Relating to the Mexican War; Series III: Correspondence of the Trist, Burke and Randolph Families; and, Series IV: Miscellaneous Documents. The series are arranged chronologically.

Contents List

Series I: Correspondence of Nicholas P. Trist
  • Box-folder 1:1
    [Nicholas P. Trist], [Mexico], to James Buchanan, Secretary of State, [Washington D.C.], 1847 July 21 to August 13
    AL, 33 pp. on 11 l.; copies; partly written in cipher code.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:2
    Key for cipher code used in Nicholas P. Trist's Letter to James Buchanan, 1847 July 21 to August 13, n.d.
    AD, 1 p.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:3
    [Nichols Trist], Puebla and Ayobla, Mexico, to James Buchanan, Washington D.C., 1847 July 21 to August 13
    AL, 14 pp. on 4 l.; draft.

    Draft of Trist's letter to James Buchanan; not written in cipher. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:4
    "Extract from the note of the Mexican Commissioners," 1847 September 6
    AD, 1 p.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:5
    Nicholas P. Trist's Annotated copy of the "Leonidas letter," [1847 October 23]
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    A copy of the "Leonidas letter" to the editors of the New Orleans Delta (printed September 10, 1847) which praised the performance of General Gideon Pillow as the victor of the battles of Contreras and Churubusco and denigrated the performance of General Winfield Scott. The letter was allegedly carried from Mexico by James L. Freaner, a reporter. The false attribution of victory to Pillow led to his "technical arrest" and court martial.

    Trist's copy ("made for me by Lt. Hamilton") includes his notes concerning the receipt of the original. Trist states that this "is an exact copy (interlineations, cancellings + all) of the paper placed in my hands on the 23rd day of October 1847, by James L. Freaner, who stated that it had been placed in his hands by Genl. Pillow, at Miscoae, with the request to transmit it to the Delta or to embody it in the account of the battle which he (Freaner) should send."

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:6
    James L. Freaner to Major General Gideon T. Pillow, 1847 November 16
    ALS, 2 pp. on 1 l.; copy.

    The verso contains notes by Nicholas P. Trist about his encounter with James L. Freaner. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:7
    Nicholas P. Trist, [Mexico], to [James Buchanan] Secretary of State, [Washington D.C.], 1847 December 4
    ALS copy, 6 pp. on 6 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:8
    Nicholas P. Trist, [Mexico], to James Buchanan, [Washington D.C.], 1847 December 6
    ALS, 81 pp. on 81 l.

    "Smooth draft." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:9
    Nicholas P. Trist, [Mexico], to James Buchanan, [Washington D.C.], 1847 December 6
    AL, 3 pp on 1 l.

    "Preface to the letter of December 4th, 1847." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:10
    James Buchanan, Washington D.C., to Nicholas P. Trist, 1847 December 21
    ALS, 4 pp. on 4 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:11
    N[icholas] T[rist], Headquarters, U.S. Army, Mexico, to Commodore M. C. Perry, Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1848 January 18
    ALS, 1 p.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:12
    Ja[me]s L. Freaner, Charleston, S.C., to James Buchanan, Washington D.C., 1848 February
    ANS, 1 p.

    "Copy of note given to Freaner in cypher, for him to send in that form by Telegraph from Charleston." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:13
    N[icholas P.] Trist, Mexico City, Mexico, to Major General Winfield Scott, [Mexico City, Mexico], 1848 March 20
    ALS, 1 p.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:14
    N[icholas P.] Trist, Washington D.C., to [S.C. Ridgely], 1848 June 21
    ALS, 16 pp. on 4 l.; four copies.

    "Extracts from a letter addressed by me to the Judge Advocate of the Pillow Court of Inquiry, dated Washington, June 21, 1848." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:15
    [Nicholas P. Trist], West Chester, PA, to [Henry W. Hilliard], [Washington D.C.], 1848 July 28
    ALS, 5 pp. on 2 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:16
    N[icholas] T[rist], West Chester, PA, to R[obert] C[harles] Winthrop, Washington D.C., 1848 August 7
    ALS, 2 pp. on 2 l.; rough draft and fair copy.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:17
    Th[omas] J[efferson] T[rist] to Nicholas Trist, [1851]
    ALS, 2 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

Series II: Documents of Nicholas P. Trist Relating to the Mexican War
  • Box-folder 1:18
    Nicholas P. Trist's notebook written at Donaldsville, Louisiana, 1822-1823
    AMss, 44 pp. on 11 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:19
    Rough drafts of letter and papers transmitted to the House of Representatives by Nicholas P. Trist, 1848
    Amss, ca.144 pp.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:20
    Rough draft of latter and papers transmitted to the House of Representatives by Nicholas P. Trist, 1848
    Amss, ca.193 pp.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:21
    Gideon J. Pillow's Statement on the Trist-Pillow Controversy, 1848 March 21
    ADs, 1 p.; two copies.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:22
    Rough Draft of Nicholas P. Trist's Statement Concerning Caleb Cushing's Appointment as a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army, 1848 May
    AMs, 6 pp. on 3 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:23
    Draft of Nicholas P. Trist's Statement Concerning Caleb Cushing's Actions as a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army, [1848 May]
    AMs, 11 pp. on 3 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:24
    Rough draft of a statement made by Nichols P. Trist concerning his actions in Mexico, [1851?]
    AMs.

    5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:25
    Rough Draft of a statement made by Nicholas P. Trist concerning his actions in Mexico: Appendix notes, [1851?]
    AMs.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:26
    "The War with Mexico, Propositions," 1856 February
    AMs, 3 pp. on 2 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:27
    Drafts of Official Dispatches from Nicholas P. Trist to the Department of State, n.d.
    AMs, 12 pp. on 10 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:28
    Drafts of document about the Mexican War, n.d.
    AMs, 8 pp. on 7 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:29
    Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings on the Mexican War Peace Settlement and the Trist-Pillow Controversy, 1847-1857
    16 items.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:30
    Miscellaneous Newspaper clippings on the Mexican War Peace Settlement and the Trist-Pillow controversy, 1847-1857
    Photocopies of documents in folder above.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:31
    Miscellaneous Accounts, [ca. 1848]
    AD, 2 pp on 2 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:32
    Blank Official Stationary, n.d.
    13 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 1:33
    Memoranda, n.d.
    AD, 1 p. #5096-a.

    "Respecting papers, copies of which are wanting for my acct. of Mexican affairs."

  • Box-folder 1:34
    List of dispatches, n.d.
    AD, 1 p.

    A list of dispatches, numbered 15-24 and dated 1847 Sep.4-Dec.26. #5096-a.

Series III: Correspondence of the Trist, Burke and Randolph Families
  • Box-folder 2:1
    E. H. Randolph, Elk Hill, to Lewis Randolph, Washington D.C., 1832 November 9
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.; with attached address leaf.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:2
    J. G. Wright, Guyandotte, VA, to Lewis Randolph, Washington D.C., 1835 January 26
    ALS, 1 p.; with attached address leaf. Brittle along old folds.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:3
    Letter and Papers Relating to the case of Ezra Thurber, 1836 January 6
    AL and ANs copies, 13 pp. on 4 l.

    Concerning claims upon a foreign government by a U.S. citizen. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:4
    [Jane Hollins Randolph], Edge-hill, to Lewis Randolph, Washington D.C., 1836 March 3
    AL, 1 p.; with attached address leaf. Broken at old folds.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:5
    Sidney Coolidge, Cambridge to Mr. Burke, 1860 January 26
    ALS, 2 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:6
    [Unidentified Correspondent] to "Dearest Aunt," 1865 April 19
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    Mentions the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:7
    V[irginia] J[efferson] Trist, Alexandria, to Mary [P. Randolph], 1871 January 8
    ALS, 8 pp. on 2 l.

    Discusses the health of Nicholas Trist and the birth of Edmund Jefferson Burke, son of Martha Jefferson Trist Burke. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:8
    [Martha Jefferson Trist Burke] to "Dearest Ellen," 1871 February 18
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    Discusses the health of family members, chiefly Cornelia Jefferson Randolph. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:9
    V.[irginia] J.[efferson] Trist, Alexandria, to Mary [Page Randolph], 1872 January 7
    ALS, 8 pp. on 2 l.

    Health, family news; encloses family photographs [not present]. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:10
    V.[irginia] J.[efferson] Trist, Alexandria to Mary [Page Randolph], 1873 January 6-9
    ALS, 8 pp. on 2 l.; with AN, N.[ichoals] P. [Trist] to "Dear Mary" above salutation.

    Fmaily news; death of Mary Wythe. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:11
    E.[li] H. Janney, Alexandria, VA, to Nicholas P. Trist, 1873 May 20
    ALS, 1 p.; ANS, Nicholas P. Trist, below body of letter.

    Concerning patents in Austria, Belgium, Italy and Prussia. #5096-a..

  • Box-folder 2:12
    Dyer, Beadle and Company to H.[ore] B.[rowse] Trist, [1873] May 22
    ALS, 3 pp. on 3 l.

    Concerning patents for a "car coupling" in Austria, Hungary and Belgium. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:13
    Eli H. Janney to H. B. T[rist], 1873 June 6
    ALS, 1 p.

    Written on the inside of an envelope addressed to Nicholas P. Trist, and containing Trist's notes on Janney's business proposal. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:14
    Virginia Jefferson Trist and N[icholas] P. Trist, Alexandria, VA, to Mary Jefferson Randolph, Rockville, MD, 1873 October 29
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:15
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Alexandria, VA, to Mary [P. Randolph], 1874
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:16
    Martha Jefferson Trist Burke to Mary [P. Randolph], 1876 January 21
    ALS, 8 pp. on 2 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:17
    Ellen Wayles Coolidge, Boston, MA, to Mrs. John W. Burke, Alexandria, VA, 1876 April 8
    ALS, 5 pp. on 2 l.; with envelope; postmarked but unreadable.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:18
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Alexandria, VA, to Mary [P. Randolph], 1877 September 18
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:19
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Alexandria, VA, to Unidentified, 1880 May 3
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:20
    [Virginia Jefferson Trist], Alexandria, VA, to Mrs. J. W. Burke, Taylorsville, VA, 1881 March 3
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.; with envelope; Postmarked Alexandria, VA, March 3.

    Envelope contains a note by Trist stating, that this was "the last letter received from my most precious mother, and the last she ever wrote." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:21
    Martha Jefferson Trist Burke, Alexandria, VA, to Unidentified, 1881 August 11
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:22
    [Virginia Jefferson Trist], Georgetown, to Mrs. John Burke, Alexandria, VA, 1881 October 12
    ALS, 3 pp. on 2 l.; with envelope; docketed; Postmarked Georgetown, 1881 October 13.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:23
    H. C. Stearns, Exeter, NH, to Mrs. M[artha] J[efferson] Burke, Alexandria, VA, [1883] May 26
    ALS, 7 pp. on 2 l.; with envelope; Postmarked Alexandria, VA, May 27.

    With a note on envelope stating "about my mother from Miss H. L. Stearns." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:24
    M[ary] P[age] Randolph to "Pattie" [Virginia Jefferson Trist Burke], 1884 January 1
    ALS, 4 pp. on 1 l.

    With enclosed greenery. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:25
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Alexandria, VA, to [Mrs. Burke], Washington DC, [1884] March 31
    ALS, 2 pp. on 1 l.; with envelope; Postmarked Alexandria, VA, March 31.

    Envelope addressed to Mrs. L. R. Mukleham with a note on the lower left hand side "for Mrs. Burke." #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:26
    [?] Randolph, Berryville, to Lewis Randolph, Washington D.C., n.y. February 13
    ALS, 2 pp. on 1 l.; with attached address leaf.

    With partial wax seal; brittle along old folds. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:27
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Alexandria, VA, to Mrs. Burke, Washington DC, n.y. April 1
    APCS, 1 p.; Postmarked Alexandria, VA, April 1.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:28
    Virginia Jefferson Trist, Washington DC, to Mrs. J. W. Burke, Alexandria, VA, n.y. July 30
    APCS, 1 p.; Postmarked Washington DC, July 30. #5096-a.
  • Box-folder 2:29
    M[ary] P[age] R[andolph] to "Pattie", n.y. November 13
    ALS, 1 p.

    Letter written on the verson of an envelope addressed to Mary Page Randolph and postmarked Alexandria, VA May 21. #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:30
    Ellen R.D. to "Pattie" Trist, n.d. Thursday
    ANS, 2 pp. on 1 l.; with attached address leaf.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:31
    Envelope addressed to Mrs. John Burke from Unidentified, 1886 November 1[4]
    Envelope only; Postmarked Jacksonville, November 1[4].

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:32
    Partial envelope received Saturday, January 5, n.y.

    Postmarked Alexandria, VA, January 4. #5096-a.

Series IV: Miscellaneous Documents
  • Box-folder 2:33
    Three Pamphlets on Cooking and a Blotter, ca. 1873
    #5096-a.
  • Box-folder 2:34
    Recipes by Unidentified, n.d.
    8 pp. on 2 l.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:35
    Two Household Account and Recipe Books, n.d.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:36
    Homemade Booklet Written in Spanish, n.d.
    AMs, 30 pp. on 8 l. Bound together with string.

    #5096-a.

  • Box-folder 2:37
    Miscellaneous Letter Covers and wrappers, n.d.
    Eight items.
  • Box-folder 2:38
    Miscellaneous Documents, n.d.

    1. Notes on authors 2. Fragment mentioning Carlos Lauda's Letter 3. Various notes 4. Notes on the length of a pendulum 5. Notes on the "Historia de Nueva Espana" 6. List of Classical authors 7. Excerpt from a letter or article on the start of the war with Mexico 8. Brief excerpt from a text by Francis Quarles 9. One leaf of printed matter from an unidentified source

  • Oversize V-13
    Sketch of United States Troop Movements in the Battle of Mexico, [1847]
    1 p. on 1 l. On tracing paper.

    OS Box V-13.

  • Oversize V-13
    Cover of Viage pintoresco y arqueologico de Mexico, con 50 estampas litografiadas, gue representen sus ciudades principales, los monumentos de antiguedad mas notables y los trages nacionales, by Vicente Garcia Torres, 1840
    OS Box V-13.