A Guide to the Papers of Robert E. Lee, 1830-1870 Lee, Robert E., Papers : Various

A Guide to the Papers of Robert E. Lee, 1830-1870

A Collection in
Special Collections
The University of Virginia Library
Accession Number : Various


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University of Virginia
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Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
Accession number
: Various
Title
Papers of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1830-1870
Physical Characteristics
This collection consists of ca. 130 items.
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

No additional copies or transcriptions may be made of items for which the University of Virginia holds only photocopies.

Preferred Citation

Papers of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, Accession #[ ], Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Acquisition Information

This collection was acquired through gift and purchase, ca. 1835-present.


Biographical/Historical Information

American soldier, general in the Confederate States army, was the youngest son of major-general Henry previous hitLee next hit ("Light Horse Harry") and Ann Hill Carter previous hitLee next hit. Robert Edward previous hitLee next hit was born at Stratford, Westmoreland previous hitCounty next hit, Virginia, January 19, 1807, and entered West Point in 1825. Graduating four years later second in his class, he was given a commission in the U.S. Engineer Corps. In 1831 he married Mary Ann Randolph Custis, daughter of George Washington Parke Custis, the adopted son of George Washington and the grandson of Martha Washington. The previous hitLees next hit had seven children. All three of their sons served in the Confederate army. George Washington Custis and William Henry Fitzhugh ("Rooney") attained the rank of Major General and Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, Jr., that of Captain. The latter served as a private in the Rockbridge Artillery at the Battle of Antietam.

In 1836 previous hitLee next hit became first lieutenant, and in 1838 captain. In this rank he took part in the Mexican War, repeatedly winning distinction for conduct and bravery. After the war he was employed in engineer work at Washington and Baltimore, during which time, as before the war, he resided on the Arlington estate, near Washington, which had come to him through his wife.

In 1852 he was appointed superintendent of West Point, and during his three years there he carried out many changes in the academy. Under him as cadets were his son George Washington Custis previous hitLee next hit, his nephew, Fitzhugh previous hitLee next hit and J. E. B. Stuart, all of whom became general officers in the Civil War. In 1855 he was appointed as lieutenant-colonel to the 2nd Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Sidney Johnston, with whom he served on the Texas border.

In 1859, while at Arlington on leave, he was summoned to command the United States troops sent to deal with the John Brown raid on Harper's Ferry. In March 1861 he was made colonel of the 1st U.S. Cavalry. previous hitLee's next hit career in the U.S. army ended with the secession of Virginia in the following month. The Federal authorities offered previous hitLee next hit the command of the field army about to invade the South, which he refused. Resigning his commission, he made his way to Richmond and was at once made a major-general in the Virginia forces. A few weeks later he became a brigadier-general (then the highest rank) in the Confederate service. He assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia in May 1862 and led the Confederate Army in Virginia for the next three years.

previous hitLee next hit surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, on April 9, 1865. For a few months previous hitLee next hit lived quietly in Richmond, making his formal submission to the Federal authorities and urging Southern acceptance of the new conditions. In August he was offered, and accepted, the presidency of Washington College (now Washington and previous hitLee next hit University), a post which he occupied until his death on October 12, 1870. He was buried in the college grounds.

Scope and Content

This collection consists of ca. 130 items, chiefly letters of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to friends, family and staff.


Contents List

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1830 May 8
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1830 September 22
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1830 September 30
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1830 October 12
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1830 November 16
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1831 January 4
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1831 February 27
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1831 May 26
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1831 June 15
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1831 October 12
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1832 April 6
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1832 August 17
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1832 September 1
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1832 September 28
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1833 February 1
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1833 April 6
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1833 September 16
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to L[ittleton] W[aller] Tazewell 1833 September 17
ALS 1 p. on 1 l.

#10009

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1833 December 6
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1834 June 30
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1834 August 20
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mr. Blair 1835 January 13
ANS 1 p. on 1 printed leaf.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1835 February 24
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1835 May 17
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1835 May 29
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1835 May 31
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1836 May 2
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1836 August 2
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1837 January 26
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Brigadier General R. Jones 1837 April 10
ALS 1 p., letter in another hand but signed by Lt. previous hitLee next hit of the Engineer Corps.

#4703

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1837 August 15
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mary Ann Custis previous hitLee next hit 1837 August 21
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit and M.C. previous hitLee next hit to George Washington Parke Custis 1837 August 25
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1837 October 8
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1838 May 18
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1838 December 24
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#1085

Box 1
Account of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit with the U.S. government re the Improvement of the Mississippi River, Above the Mouth of the Ohio River (bottom of account is cut off) 1838
ADS 1 l.

##441

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1839 January 7
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

##1085

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1840 January 30
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1840 February 23
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1840 August 22
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mary Ann Custis previous hitLee next hit 1841 April 18
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Receipt for a mare & her colt, signed by Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, to R.W. Carter 1843 February 10
ADS 1 p.

#1959

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1843 February 14
ALS

4 p. on 1 l.; top of the letter is trimmed away.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1843 July 24
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1843 August 17
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.; part of letter trimmed away.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1844 September 1
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1846 July 13
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1846 September 1
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Joseph E. Johnston 1846-1865
6 items. Photocopies only.

1846 will of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit showing that he owned a slave named "Nancy" and her three children, together with a letter from Judith S. Hynson of the Jessie Ball DuPont Memorial Library at Stratford, Va., quoting an 1856 letter from previous hitLee next hit to his wife on the subject of slavery. There are also copies of letters from previous hitLee next hit to his sister, April, 20, 1861 to Winfield Scott, April 20, 1861 to Jefferson Davis, July 8, 1863 and a copy in an unidentified hand, signed by previous hitLee next hit, of General Order No. 9, April 10, 1865. #12132

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1848 February 13
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1848 March 18
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.with envelope.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1848 May 15
ALS 4 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Mapa de la Sierra Gorda [1848]
Physical Location: OS Tray 49

Copied for previous hitLee next hit; with his notes and signature. #5096-a

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Henry A. DuBois 1853 February 9
ALS 1 p. on 1 l., typescript and photostatic copy only.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Capt. J. Monroe 1853 May 3
Photocopy only.

#38-257

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to William Henry Fitzhugh previous hitLee next hit 1853 June 15
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1855 May 10
ALS 4 p. on 1 l., with envelope

#990-b

Box 1
R.E. previous hitLee next hit to William [Overton Winston?] 1856 July 24
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#8482

Box 1
Orders to Captain Stoneman, 2nd Cavalry, San Antonio, signed by Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1857 August 31
ADS 1 p.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Edward C. Turner 1858 February 13
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Earl Van Dorn 1860 June 27
ALS 3 p. on 2 l.

#990-b

Box 1
Hugh Sheffey to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, with endorsements by John B. Baldwin, Capt. John D. Imboden, Sam M. Garlan, Roger A. Pryor and accompanied by a note from previous hitLee next hit, who refers the request to Colonel Thomas J. Jackson 1861 April 27
ANS 3 p. on 2 l.

#4406

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Cary Charles Cocke 1861 June 10
Photocopy only.

#5313-f

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel J.W. Ware 1861 June 19
LS 1 p.

#6136

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel J.W. Ware 1861 June 28
LS 1 p.

#6136

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Joseph E. Johnston 1861 July 24
ALS 1 p.

#11576

Box 1
Alfred Beckley to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1861 August 21, 25
Physical Location: Original tipped in E470.2 .T25 1878 copy 1
Photocopy.

#6846-bb

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Edward C. Turner 1861 September 14
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#7959

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Philip St. George Cocke 1861-1865
10 items. Photocopies only.

#2433-f

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, telegram to Major Harman 1862 April 18
Photocopy only.

#3327

Box 1
Thomas J. Jackson to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1862 June 11
Photocopy only.

#3327

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major General John Bankhead Magruder 1862 June 26
ALS 1 p.

#2562

Box 1
Thomas L. Rosser to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1862 July 25
ALS, 5 p. on 5 l.

#1171-j

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel J. Thompson Brown 1862 August 7
ALS 1 p.

#10100-c

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Anne B. Carter Wickham 1862 November 11
D, 1 p. 19th century copy.

previous hitLee next hit expresses his regret that Williams Carter Wickham, her son, has again been wounded but explains that he cannot be spared from returning to duty in the army

#15753

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to [J.E.B.] Stuart [1862];
ALS 1 p.

#49

Box 1
J.E.B. Stuart to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1862 October 12
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#448

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Duffy 1862 [November] 18
Photocopy only.

#3327

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Albert Taylor Bledsoe 1863 February 18
ANS, on verso of ALS, 1863 February 16, Bledsoe to previous hitLee next hit, 1 p.

#2769-a

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1863 March 24
ALS 2 p.

#11424

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Charles Carter previous hitLee next hit 1863 May 24
ALS 5 p. on 2 l. (20th century copy)

#438

Box 1
William F. Wickham to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1863 June 28
AD; 2 drafts.

Wickham writes about the arrival at Hickory Hill of Union cavalry, who carried off General William Henry Fitzhugh previous hitLee next hit as a prisoner in Wickham’s carriage, as well as horses and slaves, and reports that Charlotte previous hitLee next hit’s health is not good and that she is much distressed at her husband’s capture.

#15753

Box 1
J.E.B. Stuart to [Robert E. previous hitLee next hit] 1863 September 19
ALS 3 p. on 1 l.

#5660

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Edward Willis 1864 March 11
Photocopy only.

#7837

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mrs. J.S. Heiskell 1864 March 24
ALS 2 p. on 1 l., with typescript.

#38-186

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to George Wasington Custis previous hitLee next hit 1864 March 29
Photocopy only.

#9320

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit circular letter to Commanding officers 1864 June 3
ALS 1 p.

#5660

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to General Thomas L. Rosser 1864 July 28
LS 1 p.

#1171

Box 1
Jubal A. Early to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit [1864] August 10
Photocopy only.

#4166

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mrs. Paschal Jennings Fowlkes 1864 September 17
Photocopy only.

#5355

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel Cabell 1864 December 19
ALS 1 p., mounted on board.

#438

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Ulysses S. Grant 1865 April 9
Photocopy only.

#10645

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, General Order No. 9 1865 April 9
D, 1 p.

19th century? copy in unidentified hand. #793

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, General Order No. 9 1865 April 10
DS. 2 p. on 1 l.

#5711

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, General Order No. 9 1865 April 10
Photocopy only.

#5155

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, General Order No. 9 1865 April 10
Photographic copy only.

Draft? #5155

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, General Order No. 9 1865 April 10
Photocopy only.

#4166

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Phillip Slaughter 1865 August 31
Photocopy only.

#6020

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Williams Carter Wickham 1865 October 3
ALS

previous hitLee next hit writes about Henry T. Wickham’s attendance at Washington College in Lexington and previous hitLee next hit’s plan to write a history about military campaigns in Virginia during the Civil War

#15753

Box 1
Williams Carter Wickham to Robert E. previous hitLee next hit 1865 October 13
D.

Draft in the hand of Lucy Wickham of Williams Carter Wickham's reply to 1865 October 3 letter of Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, above.

#15753

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to the Rev. Francis Sprigg 1865 October 21
ALS 1 p.

#4703

Box 1
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, testimonial on behalf of Chaning M. Smith 1865 November 6
Photocopy only.

#5749

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Hunter McGuire 1866 September 15
Photocopy only.

#9302

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel Charles S. Venable 1866 March 8
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#5660

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Professor Charles S. Venable 1866 July 6
ALS 3 p. on 1 l., with envelope.

#5655-a

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Dr. A[lbert] T[aylor] Bledsoe 1866 October 8
ALS 1 p.

#3461

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to General Thomas L. Rosser 1866 December 13
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#1171

Box 2
John D. Carter to Faculty of Washington College 1867 January 17
3 p. on 1 l., with pencilled notes by Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, repaired.

#5241

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to John B. Minor 1867 January 17
ALS 4 p. on 2 l.

#38-602, interfiled with 3750

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Mrs. S.A. Rees 1867 February 6
ALS 2 p. on 1 l., repaired.

#5241

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel E. Fontaine 1867 July 9
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#6269-g

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Colonel E. Fontaine 1867 July 9
ALS 1 p.

#6269-g

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Socrates Maupin 1868 June 23
ALS 1 p., with envelope.

#2478-a

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to W.A. Morgan 1868 December 3
ALS 1 p.

#1275

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Jed Hotchkiss 1868 December 14
ALS 1 p.

#2822

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Jed Hotchkiss 1868 December 16
ALS 1 p.

#2822

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Henry Tutwiler 1869 April 8
Photocopy only.

#10156

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Edmund Pendleton 1869 April
Photocopy only.

#5779

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Basil L. Gildersleeve 1869 July 9
ALS 1 p., with envelope.

#RG-21/90.902

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Jed Hotchkiss 1869 October 20
ALS 1 p.

#2822

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to the students of Washington College 1869 [November] 23
Photocopy only.

#9141

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Major Jed Hotchkiss 1869 December 24
ALS 2 p. on 1 l.

#2822

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to W. Gordon McCabe 1870 February 9
ALS 1 p.

#10568

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to T[homas] Hewitt Key 1870 February 17
ALS 2 p. on 1 l., with envelope.

#10300

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Joseph Henry 1870 March 11
Photocopy.

Original in the Huntington Library.

#2776

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit to Annie Wickham [Anne Carter Wickham Renshaw Byerly] 1870 May 23
AL; signature excised.

previous hitLee next hit promises to stop by “Hickory Hill” to visit if at all possible on his way back to Lexington.

#15753

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee next hit, "I will place the appt. under the President's..." n.d.
ADS 1 p.

#2723

Box 2
Robert E. previous hitLee autograph n.d.

#2926

Box 2
Hair from Traveller's mane; with confirmation note n.d.
1 p.

#9513-c