A Guide to the Papers of John E. Roller 1813-1916 Roller, John E., Papers of 9478

A Guide to the Papers of John E. Roller 1813-1916

A Collection in
The Special Collections Department
Accession Number 9478


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University of Virginia
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Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Jamie H. Cockfield

Repository
Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
Accession number
9478
Title
Papers of John E. Roller 1813-1916
Physical Characteristics
This collection consists of ca. 20,000 items(38 Hollinger boxes, ca. 21 linear shelf feet) including 15 ledgers and scrapbooks not shelved in boxes.
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Papers of John E. Roller, Accession #9478 , Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Acquisition Information

The University of Virginia Library purchased these papers from Mr. Harry Dupoy of Mt. Crawford, Virginia, on May 1, 1970.


Biographical/Historical Information

John Edwin Roller (1844-1918), a lawyer, businessman, and politician from Harrisonburg, Virginia, was born in Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1844 of parents of German and French Huguenot descent. At sixteen, he tried to join the Confederate Army but was told that he was too young. He therefore "attached" himself to the 1st Virginia Cavalry and saw action at the first Battle of Bull Run. He attended the Virginia Military Institute from 1862-1863 and was then stationed in Charleston, South Carolina, until late 1864, when he was transferred to the Richmond and Petersburg area.

After the Civil War, he attended Law School at the University of Virginia and was admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1867. He soon became recognized as one of Virginia's leading land lawyers. He served in the Virginia Senate from 1869 to 1873. In 1872, he was appointed Major-General of the Virginia Militia.

Nominally a Democrat, he broke with the party in 1886 over the question of the tariff, and with Republican support, he ran unsuccessfully for Congress that year. In 1888 he ran, again unsuccessfully, as the formal Republican nominee. A man of letters, his library of over two thousand books contained numerous works in German and French.

Scope and Content Information

The collection contains personal, business, and legal correspondence of Roller. There are notes, memoranda, testimony and other court materials, as well as clippings, maps, scrapbooks, maps, ledgers, and genealogy. Two decades of Virginia politics are well represented, especially the 1886 and 1888 Congressional elections. Among the correspondents are John Paul, Berkeley Minor, Alexander R. Pendleton, the American Protective Tariff League, the Anti-Saloon League of Virginia, and the Rockingham County Historical Society.

The first series consisting of correspondence, includes six boxes of outgoing business and legal correspondence in the form of letter press books, 1878-1914, with some letters to Theodore Roosevelt; six boxes of incoming correspondence, 1856-1916, arranged chronologically, dealing with Roller's business and legal affairs; and topical correspondence containing the correspondence of O.B. Roller, letters from the 1886 and 1888 election campaigns, personal correspondence, 1852-1914, and notebooks.

The second series, business materials, contains four boxes of business ledgers, 1813-1916, bills and receipts, cancelled checks, Excellsior Oak Bark papers, and miscellaneous envelopes.

The third series, consisting of legal materials, includes three boxes of case notes and legal memoranda, 1880-1916, court testimony from various cases, subpoenas, Docket of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, 1870's-1890's, lawsuit books, a table of the Maryland family heirs, and the memo book of the Rockingham County Court.

The fourth series, four boxes of miscellaneous papers, consists of news clippings about the Mennonites, miscellaneous maps, a catalog of Roller's library, correspondence of the Rockingham County Historical Society, 1898-1901, newspapers, and scraps of paper.

The last series contains forty-nine scrapbooks and ledgers, concerning agriculture, business, Virginia politics, 1900-1908, literary materials, the Spanish-American War, copious material on Virginia genealogy, the Civil War, and a wide range of miscellanenous materials.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in five series, including 1) Correspondence; 2) Business Materials; 3) Legal Materials; 4) Miscellaneous; and 5) Scrapbooks and Ledgers.

Contents List

Series I: Correspondence
  • Box 1
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1878 Jul 16-1882 Sep 27
    4 Letter Press Books
  • Box 1-A
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1882 Sep-1886
    4 Letter Press Books
  • Box 2
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1884 Jun 18-1888 Oct
    4 Letter Press Books
  • Box 3
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1892 May-1893 Nov 15
    3 Letter Press Books
  • Box 4
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1893 Nov 15-1895 Dec 5
    4 Letter Press Books
  • Box 5
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Outgoing 1896 Jul-1914 Dec
    3 Letter Press Books
  • Box 6
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1856-1889
    ca. 180 items
  • Box 7
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1890-1895
    ca. 200 items
  • Box 8
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1896-1900
    ca. 250 items
  • Box 9
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1901-1909
    ca. 230 items
  • Box 10
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1910-1911
    ca. 300 items
  • Box 11
    Business and Legal Correspondence - Incoming 1912-1916
    ca. 150 items
  • Box 11
    Topical Correspondence of Colonel O.B. Roller 1902
    ca. 30 items
  • Box 11
    Topical Correspondence with Book Dealers ca. 1911
    ca. 20 items
Series II: Business Materials
  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1813-1861

    sale of supplies of Weaver and Carpenter

  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1846-1861

    account ledger

  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1857-1858

    notebook of supplies ordered

  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1856-1862

    lumber orders; also contains lectures on truss construction

  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1891

    cash book

  • Box 12
    Business Ledger 1815-1816
  • Box 13
    Business Ledger 1855-1862

    accounts

  • Box 13
    Business Ledger 1881-1890

    accounts

  • Box 13
    Printed Manuscript ca. 1878-1916
    ca. 200 items

    bills and receipts

  • Box 13
    Printed Material ca. 1900

    insurance policies and contracts

  • Box 14
    Cancelled Checks and Promissory Notes 1870-1916
    ca. 2500 items
  • Box 15
    Excellsior Oak Bark Company 1889-1905
    ca. 150 items

    Letters, bills, and receipts

  • Box 15
    Miscellaneous Business Envelopes n.d.
Series III: Legal Papers
  • Box 16
    Manuscript and Typewritten Case Notes and Legal Papers 1880-1916
    ca. 75 items
  • Box 17
    Printed and Signed Subpeonas and Judgements 1886-1892
    ca. 4 items
  • Box 17
    Argument Docket of the Court of Appeals of Virginia 1877, 1879, 1881, 1891
    ca. 4 items
  • Box 17
    Court Testimony in Miscellaneous cases n.d.
    Typed Manuscript Signed
  • Box 17
    Correspondence and manuscripts regarding the L.L. Shadwell Affair n.d.
    ca. 75 items
  • Box 17
    Stenographic Notebook n.d.
    ca. 2 items
  • Box 18
    Typed Letter Signed n.d.

    Note on Legal Cases

  • Box 18
    Ledger - Lawsuit Book 1872-1875
  • Box 18
    Notebook of Law Lectures 1880
  • Box 18
    Notebook n.d.

    Table of descent of Maryland Heirs

  • Box 18
    Ledger 1856-1860

    Memorandum Case Book of Rockingham County Courthouse

Series IV: Miscellaneous
  • Box 19
    Maps n.d.
    3 items

    City Planning Maps

  • Box 19
    "The Incidents of the Retreat to Appomattox" by John Roller n.d.
    Typed Manuscript
  • Box 19
    News clippings regarding the Mennonites n.d.
    ca. 200 items
  • Box 19
    Tariff Speech for the GOP by John E. Roller 1908
    Typed Manuscript
  • Box 19
    Miscellaneous Maps n.d.
  • Box 19
    Miscellaneous Indices n.d.
    ca. 7 items
  • Box 20
    Correspondence of the Rockingham County Historical Society 1898 Mar-1901 Mar
    Letter Press Book
  • Box 20
    Historical Sketch of the Exhibit ExLibris, by General Roller n.d.
    notebook
  • Box 20
    Catalogue of the Library of John Roller by room, bookcase, and shelf n.d.
    notebook
  • Box 21
    Miscellaneous Newspapers dates not provided
    ca. 20 items
  • Box 22
    Printed Pamphlet n.d.

    Miscellaneous

  • Box 22
    Miscellaneous Fragments of Letters and Correspondence n.d.
    60 items
  • Box 22
    Unidentified Photographs n.d.
    75 items
  • Citation to John E. Roller on the Tricentennial of Jamestown's Founding 1907
    oversize folder
Series V: Scrapbooks and Ledgers
  • Box 23
    Scrapbooks, with notes on American and European history, and the American Revolution n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 24
    Scrapbooks - Oil Industry n.d.
  • Box 24
    Scrapbooks - German-American n.d.
  • Box 25
    Scrapbooks - Curios and Book Notices n.d.
  • Box 25
    Scrapbooks - Political Materials ca. 1900-1908
  • Box 26
    Scrapbooks of Poetry Clippings n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 27
    Scrapbooks - Literary Materials n.d.
  • Box 27
    Scrapbooks -Families of Virginia and Maryland (Genealogy) n.d.
  • Box 28
    Scrapbooks -Families of Virginia and Maryland (Genealogy) n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 29
    Scrapbooks -Families of Virginia and Maryland (Genealogy) n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 30
    Scrapbooks -Farming and Agriculture n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 31
    Scrapbooks - Cabell Family ca. 1900-1905
  • Box 31
    Scrapbooks - Ex-Confederates Visit to Canton, Ohio to see the McKinley Scrapbook ca. 1896-1897
  • Box 31
    Scrapbooks - Texas Industry and Farming n.d.
    3 scrapbooks
  • Box 31
    Scrapbooks - Presidential Campaigns 1908
    4 scrapbooks
  • Box 32
    Scrapbooks - Civil War n.d.
  • Box 32
    Scrapbooks - Farming and Agriculture n.d.
  • Box 33
    Scrapbooks - Civil War n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 34
    Scrapbooks - Miscellaneous n.d.
  • Box 35
    Scrapbooks - Texas Real Estate, House Plans, Railroads in West Virginia, etc. ca. 1910
  • Box 35
    Scrapbooks - Miscellaneous n.d.
  • Box 36
    Scrapbooks - Miscellaneous n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 37
    Scrapbooks - Historical and Literary n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Box 38
    Scrapbooks - Miscellaneous n.d.
    2 scrapbooks
  • Oak Extract Company Ledger 1905
    oversize ledger
  • Business Ledger 1909-1910
    oversize ledger
  • Business Ledger 1904-1911
    oversize ledger
  • Business Ledger 1911
    oversize ledger
  • Business Ledger 1904-1910
    oversize ledger
  • Business Ledger 1906-1911
    oversize ledger
  • Rockingham School Tax Ledger 1871-1874
    oversize ledger
  • Ledger with a list of books, probably the library of General Roller n.d.
    oversize ledger
  • Scrapbook of Miscellaneous Poetry n.d.
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook concerning the Spanish-American War n.d.
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook of Miscellaneous Newspaper clippings n.d.
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook concerning Texas Agriculture ca. 1910
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook concerning Texas Agriculture ca. 1910
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook of Pictures and Cards n.d.
    oversize scrapbook
  • Scrapbook of Pictures and Cards n.d.
    oversize scrapbook