A Guide to the Duke Family Papers Duke Family Papers 9521-h

A Guide to the Duke Family Papers

A Collection in
Special Collections
The University of Virginia Library
Accession number 9521-h


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Special Collections, University of Virginia Library

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University of Virginia
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Processed by: Special Collections Staff

Repository
Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
Collection Number
9521-h
Title
Duke Family Papers 1764-1983
Extent
ca. 10,400 items
Location
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Duke Family Papers, Accession #9521-h, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottessville, Va.

Acquisition Information

The Duke family papers were given to the Library by Mrs. Gerald Kinne of Setauket, New York, and Mr. William E. Duke of Richmond, Virginia, on August 20, 1985.


Genealogical Information

Slaughter Family

Edith Ridgeway married Charles M. Harker (d. 1876), and their daughter Mary Haines Harker (d. 1897) married (1853) John Flavel Slaughter, Sr. (1828-1893), son of Robert Harrison Slaughter , and Mary Rice Garland , whom he married in 1818. Seven of Mary Harker and John Flavel Slaughter 's children survived to adulthood. The following genealogical information is incomplete.

A. Charles Slaughter , M.D.
m. (1) Mary Willoughby Duke (1857-1883)
a. Mary Willoughby m. Claude Marshall Lee
m. (2) Hattie Gray
a Charles Slaughter, Jr. (1887-1953)
b. John Slaughter (1888-1889)
c. Susan Gray Slaughter (1890-?)
B. John Flavel Slaughter, Jr. (1856-?)
C. Robert Slaughter m. 1890 Augusta Bannister
a. Robert Slaughter, Jr. (1890-?)
b. M. Bannister (1895-?)
D. Samuel Garland Slaughter m. 1890 Mary Wall Richardson ("Maymee")
a. Rosalie Slaughter (1892-?) m. William Dulaney Anderson
b. Lillas (?) Richardson Slaughter (1895-?)
c. Samuel Garland Slaughter, Jr. m. Rhoda Howard
E. William Austin Slaughter (1873-?)
F. Blanche Rosalie Slaughter (1871-?) m. 1905 George Baxter Morton, Jr. (? -1912)
G. Edith Ridgeway Slaughter (1863-1921) m. 1884 Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Jr. (1853-1926) (For children see under Duke family )

Duke Family

Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Sr. (1822-1898), son of Richard Duke and Maria Walker , married (1846) Elizabeth Scott Eskridge (1820-1896), daughter of William Scott Eskridge and Margaret Frances Brown . Their children were:

A. William Richard Duke (1848-1929) m. (1894) Edith May Colemann (1873-1943)
a. Elizabeth Eskridge Duke (1898-1899)
b. Cammann Coleman Duke (1900-?) m. (1933) Mary Perrin White (1904-1984)
c. William Richard Duke, Jr. (1902-?) m. (1933) Nancy Montgomery Wood (1902-?)
B. Margaret Brown Duke (1850-1851)
C. Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Jr. (1853-1926)
m. (1884) (1) Edith Ridgeway Slaughter (1863-1921)
a. Mary Willoughby Duke (1885-1966)
b. Richard Thomas Walker Duke III (1887-1960)
m. (1917) Myrtle Judson (? -1941)
m. (1942) Cecile Grotta
(1947) Florence Watts ("Jeri")
c. John Flavel Slaughter Duke (1889-1933) m. Kathleen Timmons (? -1940)
d. William Eskridge Duke (1893-1959) m. (1923) Lucy Marshall Lee
(i) R.T.W. Duke IV (1924-1926)
(ii) William Eskridge Duke, Jr. , ("Bill") (1927-) m. Frances Armistead Marston
(iii) Lucy Marshall Duke (1931-) m. Gerald Kinne
e. Helen Risdon Duke (1895-1984)
f. Edwin Ellicott Duke (1899-1900)
m. (1923) (2) Mary Richardson Slaughter ("Maymee")
D. Maria Walker Duke (1855-1856)
E. Mary Willoughby Duke (1857-1883) m. (1882) Dr. Charles Slaughter
a. Mary Willoughby Slaughter (1883-?) m. (1905) Claude Marshall Lee (1882-?)
(i) Martha Eskridge Lee Poston (1906-?)
(ii) Mary Willoughby Lee (1908-1918)
(iii) Lucy Ambler Lee Roberts (1910-)
(iv) Claude Marshall Lee, Jr. (1911-)
(v) Charlotte Slaughter Lee Lauck (1913-)
(vi) Elizabeth Duke Lee Kopper (1919-)
(vii) Mary Cary Lee (1926-)

Scope and Content

This addition to the Duke family papers contains ca. 10,400 items (38 Hollinger boxes, 12 linear shelf feet), 1764-1983, chiefly personal and topical correspondence, business papers, and legal papers of this prominent Charlottesvillefamily, and the related Slaughter family of Lynchburg, Virginia. The collection also has genealogical material, invitations (arranged by year), literary manuscripts and poetry by R. T. W. Duke, Jr. (1853-1926), miscellaneous papers, printed material, school records and papers, photographs, diaries, account books, notebooks and other bound volumes, postcards and papers concerning a few legal clients of the Duke and Duke law firm.

The overwhelming bulk of the correspondence consists of letters to and from R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , Edith Slaughter Duke (1863-1921), his wife, and their children, Mary Willoughby Duke (1885-1966); Richard Thomas Walker Duke, III (1887-1960); John Flavel Slaughter Duke , "Jack" (1889-1933); William Eskridge Duke (1893-1959); and Helen Risdon Duke (1895-1984).

The correspondence subseries devoted to letters written to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. contains three different groups of material: 1) letters from his wife, Edith Slaughter Duke ; 2) an alphabetically arranged group of miscellaneous correspondents; and 3) a group of individual correspondents, each with his own folder.

The letters from Edith to Tom Duke , 1882-1921, were written whenever they were separated during their courtship, family visits, vacations, and business trips. As could be expected, most of these letters contain plans for furnishing their new home, family news, and personal messages, all of which chronicles the growth of the Duke family .

The alphabetical miscellaneous correspondence file has letters from college, fraternity and Masonic friends, business associates, and other acquaintances and includes merchandise orders, requests for speaking engagements, business matters, literary concerns, letters of sympathy and personal news.

Letters of note in this group include the following correspondents and topics: S. A. Duke (Dec. 9, 1908) re reconstruction and "the great negro question;" A. Ranken Ford (Nov.23, 1914) re America's Civil War, England's preparation for World War I and Germany's spying activities prior to the war; George Gilmer (Jul. 28, 1918) re the important role of the Y.M.C.A. in keeping up the morale of the American soldier in Europe; T. H. Harrison (Apr. 21 and Jun. 25, 1916) re Canadian involvement in World War I; H. C. Marchant (Sep.[15], 1895) re vestry records of Christ Episcopal Church ; and Jessie Uppleby (Apr. 18, Jul. 5, Aug. 19, Nov. 22, 1917, and Aug. 29 [n.y.]) re World War I war news from Scotland.

The group of individual correspondents to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. include the following people: B. Johnson Barbour , Mary Carey , J. E. Creary , John Singleton Diggs , Elizabeth Eskridge Duke , Maymee R. Slaughter Duke , Myrtle Judson Duke , R. T. W. Duke, Sr. , William R. Duke , Eugene Ellicott , fraternity brothers, Kate Gunther , Lizzie Gunther , and Maude Gunther , Paul Jones and Peter Tudor Jones , Luther Kountze , Nancy Leary , Thomas Nelson Page , Thomas D. Ransom , Schele De Vere , John F. Slaughter, Sr. , John F. Slaughter, Jr. , Mary Harker Slaughter and Mary Willoughby Duke Slaughter .

The letters to Edith Duke include correspondence from Myrtle Judson Duke , R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , Susan Harker Risdon and miscellaneous letters from friends and family, excluding her children.

A third subseries of correspondence consists of letters from R. T. W. Duke, Jr. and Edith Duke to their children, Mr. and Mrs. R. T. W. Duke, Sr. and miscellaneous correspondents. Of note in this group is a volume of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. 's letters from Europewhich contains transcripts of his letters home during his European tour of 1882. Duke describes his voyage over on a ship "Egypt," his companions and acquaintances, his itinerary in England, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, and France, and the many museums, historic sites, and towns which he visited.

The fourth subseries contains letters to and from the children of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , including correspondence with their parents and with each other. The sons of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , Walker, Jack, and Eskridge, were all in the armed forces during World War I, and their letters that decribe camp life and their war experiences are in the correspondence to their parents, 1917-1919.

Jack (John Flavel) Duke was an Air Service officer stationed at Post Field, Sill, Oklahoma, and at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, and his correspondence, 1917-1919, and no date, describes his flying experiences. Although Eskridge Duke attended the U.S. Naval Academy preparatory school at Annapolis, Marylandand sailed as a midshipman on the U.S.S. Illinois from 1911-1913, he served during World War I in Franceas an army officer with the American Expeditionary Forces , from September of 1918 until May of 1919.

R. T. Walker Duke 's letters to his parents from 1908-1911 describe his experiences in Montana as a cowboy, his interest in homesteading, bronco riding, and his work as a printer. In 1917, Walker was assigned to the 5th Illinois Company , Ft. Sheridan, Illinois. His letters written during his service in Europerun from October 1918 to March 1919. After the conclusion of the war, Walker served with the Judge Advocate General Department in Washington, D.C.(letters to his parents, 1920-1925).

Mary Duke 's letters to her parents, 1918-1926, and no date, describe her nursing experiences and other charitable work in the Archdeaconry of Southwest Virginia with Mrs. Hugh F. Binns at Nora, Dickinson County, Virginia .

Another interesting group of letters in this subseries are those of William Eskridge Duke, Jr. to his family and to his aunts, Mary Duke and Helen Duke . Bill Duke served in the navy during the Korean War and his letters describe the places which he visited on his tours of duty, such as Naples, Athens, Marseilles, Guam, and Yokosuka, Japan, 1949-1951.

The correspondence of the Duke brothers and sisters to each other consists almost entirely of carbons or originals of letters concerning the personal business transactions of the family. It also reveals the financial difficulties of various family members during the Depression years.

The Slaughter family correspondence comprises the fifth subseries of correspondence and contains letters to and from members of Edith Slaughter Duke 's family, including her parents, Mary Harker and John Flavel Slaughter, Sr. , and her brothers and sisters. The letters from Dr. Blanche Rosalie Slaughter Morton , a graduate of the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1897) and practicing surgeon, form one of the most interesting sections of this correspondence. She describes her travels in Europe(May 11, September 19, and 24, 1899); her concern for the Lee family in Chinaduring the struggle of the Kuomintang with the warlords for political supremacy (March 29, 1927); her trip to Mexico(July 25, 1928) and the Middle East(November 4, 1935).

Most of the Slaughter correspondence concerns either business matters or family news with a few exceptions. Charles Slaughter, Sr. writes concerning a strike and riot in Duluth, Minnesota(July 7, 1889); Charles M. Harker, Sr. describes the meeting of the American Convention ( Know-Nothing Party ) in Philadelphia(June 10, 1855); Mary B[?] R[?]'s letters, 1861-1862, provide a woman's view of the Civil War; and Samuel Slaughter describes his trip to Ireland, Scotland, and England(July 24, August 1 & 5, 1889). Members of the Garland family write concerning family news, Dr. [Erasmus] Darwin 's theory of the earth, and the significance of fossils, and General Hull's activities at Sandwichin Canadaduring the beginning of the War of 1812 (August 4, 1812); and a trip to Bostonand Montreal(August 1 & 11, 1851).

Of note among the miscellaneous correspondence are two letters from John Singleton Mosby , one to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. (September 27, 1915) acknowledging Duke's letter of sympathy on the loss of Mosby's son, and another to Captain Sam Chapman (September 30, 1919) concerning the manifesto of the "Stonewall Jackson Camp" at Stauntonabout the role of Southern soldiers in the Civil War.

Also of interest are the letters, 1895-1954, from Mary Lee and Claude Lee , an Episcopal medical missionary family in Wisuh, China. They ran a hospital and dispensary from 1908 until ca. 1947. Although their letters reveal various aspects of missionary life and personal family news, they contain little of Chinese events. One letter by Claude Lee (October 13, 1918) speaks of the participation of the 8th Czecho-Slovak Regiment in a battle against the Bolsheviks in the Ural Mountainsnear [Tagelove ?], Russia, during World War I.

The last subseries of correspondence consists of topical files concerning the American Legion and World War I; business correspondence of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. ; the publication of the poetry of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. ; the rental of the Duke's Park Street house; the will of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. ; and the St. Paul's Memorial Building Fund .

The other six non-correspondence series comprise about a third of the collection and include: manuscripts and miscellaneous papers, photographs, bound volumes and notebooks, postcards, papers from the Duke and Duke law firm and oversize items.

The manuscripts and miscellaneous papers series contain the personal business papers of the Duke and related families, especially the Slaughter family . There is also a sizeable amount of family financial material in the Papers of the Duke and Duke Law Firm at the University of Virginia Law Library .

Other types of material in this series include; genealogical material, with a typescript about Mary Harker Slaughter by her son, William A. Slaughter ; invitations; legal papers, including indentures, deeds, agreements, land surveys, etc.; manuscripts by R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , both poetry and prose, including "Albemarle County and the City of Charlottesville in War Time," "Libraries and Their Contents," "Pearls and Pebbles," typescripts of portions of his "Recollections," (the whole five volumes of Duke's "Recollections" of his life can be found in 9521-i); printed material, including Masonic items and an undated political pamphlet entitled "Mahoneism Unveiled!"; and Duke family school records and papers.

The photographic series consists of both identified and unidentified photographs. Identified photographs contain the following categories: Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr. , R. T. W. Duke, Sr. , men and women in the Duke and related families, Rosalie Slaughter Morton , miscellaneous men and women, European scenes, places, photographs of a trip, University of Virginia , and Zeta Psi Brothers and University of Virginia friends. Unidentified photographs have been placed in the following groups: animals, children, groups and families, men, places, and women.

Series four, consisting of bound volumes and notebooks, contains primarily diaries and notebooks of the immediate Duke family members. The fifth series has United States, foreign, and topical postcards. The United Statespostcards are separated first by state and then by city or county; the foreign by country only, and the topicals are grouped together.

The papers of the Duke and Duke law firm contain incomplete case files handled by the family law firm. Among these are Maria Carter v. Roy Brown ; J. E. Costan v. Downing L. Smith ; Dr. Funsten v. W. Ed. Pickering ; Insurance Company of Charlottesville v. V. W. F. Carter, Jr. ; the Kentucky Coal Company , Pike County Coal Company , and Ohio and Big Sandy Coal Company ; Jefferson M. Levy Legal Papers; Piedmont Gas and Oil Corporation v. R. S. Duncan ; and Snyder v. University of Virginia . Most of the law firm's papers are located in the University of Virginia Law Library .

The last series consists of oversize documents and photographs.

Organization

Because this collection was not received by the Library in any discernible order, the material has been arbitrarily placed into seven different series. These include: I) Correspondence; II) Manuscripts and Miscellaneous Papers; III) Photographs; IV) Bound Volumes and Notebooks; V) Postcards; VI) Papers from the Duke and Duke law firm; and VII) Oversize Items.

Due to the large amount of correspondence present in this collection, the correspondence series has been further broken down into seven subseries: A) Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. (boxes 1-9); B) Letters to Edith Duke (boxes 10-11); C) Letters from R. T. W. Duke, Jr. and Edith Duke (box 12); D) Letters to and from the children of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. (boxes 13-20); E) Slaughter Family Correspondence (boxes 20-22); F) Miscellaneous Correspondence (box 23); G) Topical Correspondence (box 24)

Container List

SERIES I: CORRESPONDENCE
  • SUBSERIES A: LETTERS TO R. T. W. DUKE, JR.
    • Box 1
      Edith Slaughter Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1882-1889
      (6 folders)
    • Box 2
      Edith Slaughter Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1890-1896
      (6 folders)
    • Box 3
      Edith Slaughter Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1897-1921, & n.d.
      (7 folders)
    • Box 4
      Miscellaneous Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. A-F
      1873-1925
      (5 folders)
    • Box 5
      Miscellaneous Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. G-O
      1872-1926
      (6 folders)
    • Box 6
      Miscellaneous Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. P-Z
      1871-1929
      (6 folders)
    • Box 7
      B. Johnson Barbour to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1883-1893
    • Box 7
      Mary Carey to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1901-1910, & n.d.
    • Box 7
      J. E. Creary to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1872-1901, & 1921
      (3 folders)
    • Box 7
      J. Singleton Diggs to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1886-1893
    • Box 7
      Elizabeth Eskridge Duke to R. T. W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1872-1887, n.d.
    • Box 7
      Maymee R. Slaughter Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1903-1924, & n.d.
    • Box 7
      Myrtle Judson Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1918-1923, & n.d.
    • Box 7
      R. T. W. Duke, Sr. to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1872-1898, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 8
      William R. Duke to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1883-1914, n.d.
    • Box 8
      Eugene Ellicott to R.T.W. Duke, Jr.
      1890-1916, & n.y.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 8
      Fraternity brothers to R.T.W. Duke, Jr.
      1871-1922, & n.d.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 8
      Kate, Lizzie, and Maude Gunther to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1900-1922, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      Paul & Peter Tudor Jones to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1872-1919, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      Luther Kountze to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1890-1917, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      Nancy Leary to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1877-1882, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      Thomas Nelson Page to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1876-1921
    • Box 9
      Thomas D. Ranson to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1882-1898, & 1914
    • Box 9
      Schele De Vere to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1877-1895, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      John F. Slaughter, Sr. to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1882-1892, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      John F. Slaughter, Jr. to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1887-1914
    • Box 9
      Mary Harker Slaughter to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1883-1895, & n.d.
    • Box 9
      Mary Willoughby Duke Slaughter to R. T. W. Duke, Jr. and to William Duke
      1872-1882
    • Box 9
      Mary Smoot to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1906-1923
  • SUBSERIES B: LETTERS TO EDITH DUKE
    • Box 10
      Myrtle Judson Duke to Edith Slaughter Duke and Mary Duke
      1918-1933, & n.d.
    • Box 10
      R. T. W. Duke, Jr. to Edith Slaughter Duke
      1883-1919, & n.d.
      (6 folders)
    • Box 11
      Miscellaneous Letters to Edith Slaughter Duke
      1879-1920, & n.d.
      (4 folders)
    • Box 11
      Susan Harker Risdon to Edith Slaughter Duke
      1879-1908, & n.d.
  • SUBSERIES C: LETTERS FROM EDITH & R. T. W. DUKE, JR.
    • Box 12
      Edith and R. T. W. Duke, Jr. to their children
      1890-1924, & n.d.
      (5 folders)
    • Box 12
      R. T. W. Duke, Jr. to Mr. & Mrs. R. T. W. Duke, Sr.
      1872-1896, & n.d.
    • Box 12
      Transcripts of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.'s letters to his family, written while on a trip to Europe
      1882
    • Box 12
      Letters from R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1873-1919, n.d.
  • SUBSERIES D: LETTERS TO & FROM THE CHILDREN OF R. T. W. DUKE, JR.
    • Box 13
      Helen Risdon Duke to R. T. W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1912-1925, & n.d.
    • Box 13
      Letters from Helen Risdon Duke
      1909-1961, & n.d.
    • Box 13
      Miscellaneous Letters to Helen Risdon Duke
      1911-1983, & n.d.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 13
      Alice Swain Zell to Helen Risdon Duke
      1909-1975, & n.d.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 14
      John Flavel Duke to R.T.W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1897-1923
    • Box 14
      Lucille to John F. Duke
      1915-1917
      (3 folders)
    • Box 14
      Miscellaneous Letters to John F. Duke
      1909-1917, & n.d.
    • Box 14
      Frances Money to John F. Duke
      1915-1917, & n.d.
    • Box 14
      Kathleen Timmons to John F. Duke
      1914-1916
      (2 folders)
    • Box 15
      Kathleen Timmons to John F. Duke
      1916-1917
    • Box 15
      Mary Duke to R.T.W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1892-1926, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 15
      Letters from Mary Duke
      1894-1955, & n.d.
    • Box 15
      Miscellaneous Letters to Mary Duke
      1894-1904
    • Box 16
      Miscellaneous Letters to Mary Duke
      1905-1966, & n.d.
      (5 folders)
    • Box 16
      Miscellaneous Letters to Mary and Helen Duke
      1905-1965, & n.d.
    • Box 17
      R. T. Walker Duke, III to R.T.W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1897-1925, & n.d.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 17
      Miscellaneous Letters to R.T. Walker Duke, III
      1902-1904, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 18
      William Eskridge Duke, Sr. to R.T.W. & Edith Duke, Jr.
      1901-1923, & n.d.
      (3 folders)
    • Box 18
      William Eskridge Duke, Sr. to William Eskridge Duke, Jr.
      1953-1954
    • Box 18
      Letters to or concerning Lucy Marshall Duke from William Eskridge Duke, Sr.
      1946-1954
      (2 folders)
    • Box 19
      Correspondence of William Eskridge Duke, Sr.
      1916-1955, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 19
      To William E. Duke, Sr.: Correspondence re the deaths of Tommy Duke and R.T.W. Duke, Jr.
      1926
    • Box 19
      Letters from William E. Duke, Jr.
      1948-1950, & n.d.
    • Box 19
      Correspondence between William E. Duke, Jr. and Mary and Helen Duke
      1950-[1983], & n.d.
    • Box 19
      Correspondence of the Duke brothers & sisters with each other
      1898-1931
      (4 folders)
    • Box 20
      Correspondence of the Duke brothers & sisters with each other
      1932-1960, & n.d.
      (4 folders)
  • SUBSERIES E: SLAUGHTER FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE
    • Box 20
      Letters from Dr. Blanche Rosalie Slaughter Morton
      1887-1955, & n.d.
    • Box 20
      Miscellaneous letters to Dr. Rosalie Morton
      1882-1959, & n.d.
    • Box 20
      Letters from Agusta Bannister Slaughter
      1897-1920, & n.d.
    • Box 20
      Letters from Charles Slaughter, Sr.
      1882-1894, & n.d.
    • Box 20
      Letters from Charles Slaughter, [Jr.]
      1930-1937, & n.d.
    • Box 21
      Letters from Hattie Gray Slaughter
      1883-1954, & n.d.
    • Box 21
      Miscellaneous Letters to John Flavel Slaughter, Sr. & Jr.
      1867-1891, & n.d.
    • Box 21
      Mary Harker Slaughter to Edith Slaughter Duke
      1881-1897, & n.d.
    • Box 21
      Mary Harker Slaughter to John Flavel Slaughter, Sr.
      1856
    • Box 21
      Letters from Mary Harker Slaughter
      1853-1886, & n.d.
    • Box 21
      Mary Boyd Clopton to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1888-1903
    • Box 21
      Maymee R. S. Duke to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1890-1894
    • Box 21
      Agustus Harker to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1849-1854
    • Box 21
      Charles M. Harker, Sr. to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1852-1874, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 21
      Edith R. Slaughter to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1849-1887
    • Box 21
      Miscellaneous Letters to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1849-1897, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Mary B[?] R[?] to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1854-1862
    • Box 22
      Mary A. Rinker to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1849-1853
    • Box 22
      Susan Harker Risdon to Mary Harker Slaughter
      1854-1885, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Letters from Robert Slaughter
      1884-1898, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Letters from Samuel G. Slaughter
      1882-1914, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Letters from William A. Slaughter
      1882-1934, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Garland Family Members to the Slaughter Family
      1812-1851
  • SUBSERIES F: MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE
    • Box 22
      Kate H. Duke Correspondence
      1914-1933, n.d.
    • Box 22
      Letters of the Duke and Related Families to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1882-1925, & n.d.
    • Box 22
      Miscellaneous Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1874-1924, n.d.
    • Box 23
      John S. Mosby to Captain Sam Chapman
      1919 Sep 30
    • Box 23
      John S. Mosby to R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1915 Sep 27
    • Box 23
      Miscellaneous Letters to R. T. W. Duke, Sr.
      1883-1895, & n.d.
    • Box 23
      Letters from R. T. W. Duke, Sr.
      1880-1894
    • Box 23
      Miscellaneous Correspondence of the Duke and Related Families
      1866-1976 & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 23
      Susan Harker Risdon to the Duke Family
      1887-1899, & n.d.
    • Box 23
      Kathleen Timmons to the Duke Family
      1918-1940, & n.d.
    • Box 23
      Letters from the Lee Family
      1895-1954, & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 24
      Miscellaneous Harker Family Correspondence
      1856-1916, & n.d.
    • Box 24
      Miscellaneous Letters to "Mary"
      1910-1927, & n.d.
    • Box 24
      Non-Duke Family Correspondence
      1875-1982, & n.d.
    • Box 24
      Miscellaneous Letter Fragments
      1888-1905, & n.d.
  • SUBSERIES G: TOPICAL CORRESPONDENCE
    • Box 24
      American Legion and World War I Papers
      1920 & n.d.
      (2 folders)
    • Box 24
      Chiefly Business Correspondence of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1922-1926
      (3 folders)
    • Box 24
      Correspondence of Mary Duke re Publication of the Poetry of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1926-1929
    • Box 24
      Correspondence re Rental of the Park Street House
      1927-1941
    • Box 24
      Correspondence re the will of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
      1925-1927
    • Box 24
      St. Paul's Memorial Building Fund
      1920-1935
SERIES II: MANUSCRIPTS & MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS
  • Box 25
    Business Papers of the Duke & Related Families
    1809, 1862-1983, & n.d.
    (8 folders)
  • Box 26
    Genealogical Material re the Duke and Related Families
    1823-1963, & n.d.
  • Box 26
    Invitations
    1872-1957, & n.d.
    (4 folders)
  • Box 27
    Legal Papers of the Duke & Related Families
    1764, 1794, 1873-1983, & n.d.
    (2 folders)
  • Box 27
    "Albemarle County and the City of Charlottesville in War Time A Community History" by R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    n.d.
  • Box 27
    "Libraries and Their Contents," by R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1919 Nov 27
  • Box 27
    Manuscripts of Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr. -- Poetry
    1874-1914, & n.d.
    (4 folders)
  • Box 28
    Manuscripts of Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr. -- Prose
    1914 & n.d.
    (2 folders)
  • Box 28
    "Pearls and Pebbles," quotations collected by R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1873-1875
  • Box 28
    Typescript of the diaries of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1893, 1914-1916, & 1926
  • Box 29
    Typescript of "Recollections," Volumes I-III, by R. T. W. Duke, Jr., with excerpts from his diaries
    ca. 1899
  • Box 29
    Typescript of "Recollections," part of Volume I, by R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    ca. 1899
  • Box 29
    Miscellaneous Duke Family Manuscripts
    1918 & n.d.
  • Box 29
    Manuscripts of Mary H. Harker
    1850-1852, & n.d.
  • Box 29
    Miscellaneous Manuscripts
    1860-1972, & n.d.
    (2 folders)
  • Box 29
    Miscellaneous Papers of the Duke Family
    1845-1955, & n.d.
    (2 folders)
  • Box 30
    Printed Material
    1847-1966, & n.d.
    (3 folders)
  • Box 30
    Duke Family School Records
    1870-1912
  • Box 30
    Duke Family School Papers
    1877-1927
SERIES III: PHOTOGRAPHS
  • Box 31
    Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    n.d.
  • Box 31
    R. T. W. Duke, Sr.
    1895 & n.d.
  • Box 31
    Men in the Duke and Related Families
    1871 & n.d.
  • Box 31
    Women in the Duke and Related Families
    1878-1903, & n.d.
  • Box 31
    Rosalie Slaughter Morton
    1872 & n.d.
  • Box 31
    Miscellaneous Men
    1887-1931, & n.d.
  • Box 31
    Miscellaneous Women
    1888-1980, & n.d.
  • Box 31
    European Scenes
    1918-1921
  • Box 31
    Places
    1915, 1923, & n.d.
  • Box 32
    Photographs of a Trip
    n.d.
  • Box 32
    University of Virginia
    n.d.
  • Box 32
    Zeta Psi Brothers and University of Virginia Friends
    1872-1881
  • Box 32
    Unidentified Photographs - Animals
    1940 & n.d.
  • Box 32
    Unidentified Photographs - Children
    n.d.
  • Box 33
    Unidentified Photographs - Groups & Families
    1887, 1963, & n.d.
  • Box 33
    Unidentified Photographs - Men
    1905-1937, & n.d.
  • Box 33
    Unidentified Photographs - Places
    n.d.
  • Box 33
    Unidentified Photographs - Women
    1886-1953, & n.d.
    (2 folders)
  • Box 33
    Unidentified Negatives
    n.d.
SERIES IV: BOUND VOLUMES & NOTEBOOKS
  • Box 34
    Account Book
    1907
  • Box 34
    Account Books of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1910 Aug & Sep
    (2 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Autograph Album of Mary Harker
    1849
  • Box 34
    Autograph Album of Susan Harker
    ca. 1855
  • Box 34
    Cashbook of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    ca. 1893
  • Box 34
    Communicant's Book Belonging to John S. Duke
    1907
  • Box 34
    Daily Account Books of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1906, 1912-1913, 1917-1918 & 1920
    (6 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diaries of Edith Duke
    1887, 1896, 1911-1912 & 1915
    (5 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diaries of Helen Duke
    1956-1957
    (2 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diaries of John S. Duke
    1905-1907
    (3 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diaries of Mary Duke
    1908, 1917, & 1925
    (3 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diaries of R. T. Walker Duke, III
    1904-1905
    (2 vols.)
  • Box 34
    Diary of William Eskridge Duke
    1954
  • Box 34
    Diary
    1963
  • Box 35
    Diary
    1970
  • Box 35
    Diary recording food purchases, kept by [Edith Duke]
    1887
  • Box 35
    Financial Notebook of Eskridge, Helen & Mary Duke re land sales
    1955-1959
  • Box 35
    Garden Book
    1932-1936
  • Box 35
    Journal of R. T. W. Duke, Jr. of thoughts re his wife, Edith
    1914
  • Box 35
    Notebook - Calendar
    [1968?]
  • Box 35
    Notebook - Financial
    n.d.
  • Box 35
    Notebook of Helen Duke
    n.d.
  • Box 35
    Notebook of John S. Duke
    n.d.
  • Box 35
    Notebook of Mary Duke
    1897-1898
  • Box 35
    Notebook of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1910 Mar
  • Box 35
    Notebook (School) of R. T. Walker Duke, III
    1905
  • Box 35
    Notebook of Mary H. Harker
    1851
  • Box 35
    Notebooks
    1883, 1895, 1925, 1975, n.d.
    (7 vols.)
  • Box 35
    Passport of Helen Duke
    1929
  • Box 35
    Recipes
    n.d.
  • Box 35
    Record Book of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    ca. 1890-1894
  • Box 35
    Sketchbook of Mary Duke
    n.d.
  • Box 35
    Travel Log of R. T. W. Duke, Jr.
    1910 Oct
  • Box 36
    Bound Volume of typescripts of the Poetry of R. T. W. Duke, Jr., later published as In My Library and Other Poems
    n.d.
  • Box 36
    Scrapbooks
    n.d.
    (2 volumes)
SERIES V: POSTCARDS
  • Box 37
    A) United States:

    Florida -New Smyrna
    Maine -Boothbay Harbor and Portland
    Massachusetts -Plymouth
    New Jersey -Atlantic City
    New York -Long Island; Manhattan; Niagara Falls; Tonawanda; New York City Booklets
    North Carolina -Black Mountain and Roanoke Rapids
    South Carolina -Charleston
    Texas -San Antonio
    Vermont -Montpelier
    Virginia -Afton; Alexandria; Annapolis; Appomattox; Arlington; Charlottesville; General; Giles County; Hampton; Hopewell; Monticello; Natural Bridge; Newport News; Richmond; Skyline Drive; Staunton; University of Virginia; Virginia Beach; Williamsburg; Winchester
    Washington, D.C.

  • Box 37
    B) Foreign:

    Algeria
    Canada
    Carthage (Ancient)
    China
    Egypt
    France
    Germany
    Gibraltar
    Great Britain
    Greece
    Israel
    Italy
    Monaco
    Portugal (Madeira)
    Spain
    Tunisia
    Turkey
    Unidentified

  • Box 37
    C) Topical
SERIES VI: PAPERS FROM THE DUKE & DUKE LAW FIRM
  • Box 38
    Miscellaneous Legal Cases of the Duke & Duke Law Firm
    1883-1938
  • Box 38
    Valdosia Barrett letters
    1921-1924, & n.d.
  • Box 38
    Maria Carter vs Roy Brown
    1928
  • Box 38
    J.E. Costan vs Downing L. Smith
    1926
  • Box 38
    Dr. Funsten vs W. Ed Pickering
    1935
  • Box 38
    Insurance Company of Charlottesville vs V.W.F. Carter, Jr.
    1925-1931
  • Box 38
    Kentucky Coal Company, Pike County Coal Company, & Ohio and Big Sandy Coal Company
    1894-1896
  • Box 38
    Jefferson M. Levy Legal Papers
    1892-1917
    (2 folders)
  • Box 38
    Piedmont Gas & Oil Corporation vs R.S. Duncan
    1934-1935
  • Box 38
    Snyder vs the University of Virginia
    ca. 1900
SERIES VII: OVERSIZE ITEMS
  • A) Miscellaneous
    • Virginia Military Institute Diploma of Col. R.T.W. Duke, Sr.
      1845
    • Passport of R.T.W. Duke, Jr., signed by Fred T. Frelinghuysen
      1882
    • Plat of portion of Carlton land sold by the Charlottesville Land Company to Jefferson M. Levy
      1892
    • Masonic document appointing R.T.W. Duke, Jr. the Virginia representative of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of West Virginia
      1896
    • Plat of the Brown Brothers land
      [1907]
    • Certificate of Promotion from the Charlottesville High School issued to Eskridge Duke
      1907-1908
    • Certificate of Distinction from the Charlottesville High School in Ancient History, Rhetoric and Latin, issued to Eskridge Duke
      1908
    • Plans for Remodeling Judge R.T.W. Duke, Jr.'s residence by Waddy B. Wood
      n.d.
  • B) Photographs
    • Woman and two boys in colonial costume posed on the Lawn in front of the Rotunda
      [post 1895]
    • Surgeon's Club, Rochester, Minnesota, including Rosalie Slaughter Morton
      1911
    • Virginia State Bar Association Annual Meeting at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia (Judge Duke is slightly right of center)
      1915
    • Meeting of the Medical Women's National Association
      ca. 1926
    • Group posed on a lawn in front of a [hotel?] (including Judge Duke in the upper center of the group)
      n.d.
    • Painting of a church in Williamsburg, Virginia by W. Thompson in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
      n.d.
    • Group photograph of R.T.W. Duke, Jr. with four unidentified men.
      n.d.
MINI-TRAY ITEMS
  • 1)
    Small round hand-painted scene of a mountain, woods, & lake on cardboard, n.d.
  • 2)
    British War Relief Society Bookmark of red, white, & blue, w/a blue tassel
  • 3)
    Metal Namecard Master belonging to Sue Harker
  • 4)
    Metal Plate used to produce invitations to a function held by Mary H. Harker

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Annapolis, Maryland
  • Athens
  • Boston
  • Canada
  • Charlottesville
  • China
  • Duluth, Minnesota
  • England
  • Europe
  • France
  • Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Ft. Sheridan, Illinois
  • Germany
  • Guam
  • Holland
  • Ireland
  • Lynchburg, Virginia
  • Marseilles
  • Mexico
  • Middle East
  • Montreal
  • Naples
  • Philadelphia
  • Post Field, Sill, Oklahoma
  • Sandwich
  • Scotland
  • Staunton
  • Switzerland
  • United States
  • Ural Mountains
  • Washington, D.C.
  • Wisuh, China
  • Yokosuka, Japan
  • [Tagelove ?], Russia