A Guide to the Cumming Family Papers Cumming Family. 6922-b

A Guide to the Cumming Family Papers

A Collection in the
Special Collections Department
Accession number 6922-b, -d, -e, -f, -h, -i, -k, -l, -m, -n, -p, -r, -s, -u, -w, -ab, -ac and -ad


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© 1997 By the Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. All rights reserved.

Funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Special Collections Department Staff

Repository
University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept. Alderman Library University of Virginia Charlottesville, Virginia 22903 USA
Collection Number
6922-b, -d, -e, -f, -h, -i, -k, -l, -m, -n, -p, -r, -s, -u, -w, -ab, -ac and -ad
Title
Cumming Family Papers 1777-1984
Extent
ca. 53,100 items
Collector
Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.
Location
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Cumming Family Papers, Accession 6922-b, Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library

Acquisition Information

These papers, 6922-b, 6922-d, 6922-e, 6922-f, 6922-h, 6922-h, 6922-i, 6922-k, 6922-l, 6922-m, 6922-n, 6922-p, 6922-r, 6922-s, 6922-u, 6922-w, 6922-ab, 6922-ac and 6922-ad, were donated to the Library by the Honorable Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., of Washington, D.C., on June 3, November 16, and December 30, 1985, and bear no restrictions

Funding Note

Funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical/Historical Information

Biography

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Edwin Gilliam Boothwas born on January 11, 1810, at " Shenstone, " Nottoway County, to Gilliam Boothand Rebecca (Hicks) Booth. At age ten he was sent to Winfield Academyin Dinwiddie County, where he began a friendship with Theodorick Pryor, who later became one of the most influential and successful ministers in southeastern Virginia. His chief preparation for college was at Oxford, North Carolina; he matriculated at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillin 1824, (at the age of fourteen) after an arduous course in classics and mathematics. Subsequently, he studied law at Fredericksburgunder the supervision of Judge John Taylor Lomax, a professor at the University of Virginiaand a judge of the Court of Appeals; and, although not a well-disciplined student, he was diligent in his quest for legal knowledge, and afterward returned to Nottoway Countyto practice law in the five southeastern counties of Virginia.

In 1833, he married Sarah Tanner Jones(May 10, 1811, -August 29, 1860) with whom he had five children: Edwin Gilliam Booth, Jr., (February 27, 1839 -January 5, 1922); Archer Jones Booth(May 22, 1844 -November 22, 1864); Frances Rebecca Booth(December 17, 1846 -June 7, 1885); Sarah Tanner Booth(June 3, 1848 -September 23, 1865); and, William Travis Booth(July 12, 1850 -June 25, 1861).

Booth was known for his public spirit and devotion to politics, his activities for the welfare of man and for the promotion of Christianity. On August 30, 1838, he made a public profession of his faith in Christ, and was soon made the ruling elder in the Nottoway Church. In 1847, he was elected from the Nottoway District to serve in the Virginia Legislaturefor the 1848 and 1849 sessions, and took part in the revision and codification of the civil laws of Virginia. During the Civil War, he attempted to alleviate the miseries of military prisons by obtaining permission to assist friends in prison. He received permission from President Abraham Lincolnto pass through the blockade in April 1863, and dined with Lincoln and Davis over the month, by their invitations. In 1876, he erected the Old Virginia Building at the National Centennial Exhibitionin Fairmont Park, Philadelphia.

Edwin Gilliam Booth, Sr., passed away on February 13, 1886 in Philadelphia.

More information on Booth may be found in The Life and Character of Edwin Gilliam Boothby Henry Edwin Dwight(F230.B74).

Edwin Gilliam Booth, Jr., was born on February 27, 1839, in Nottoway Countyto Edwin Gilliam Boothand Sarah Tanner (Jones) Booth. He attended Winfield Academy, Dinwiddie County, and was prepared for college by David Comfort, a Princeton graduate. He then attended Hampton-Sydney Collegefor two years, graduating in 1859, and spent part of a session at the University of Virginiabefore enrolling in the University of Pennsylvaniaat Philadelphia where he graduated as a doctor of medicine in 1861.

During the Civil War, he enlisted in the Confederate Armyas a member of the Nottoway Cavalryin the G and E companies of the Third Virginia Regiment. His company fought at the Battle of Big Bethelon June 10, 1861. On May 1, 1863, he was commissioned as assistant surgeon in the Confederate Navy, and was a surgeon on the C. S. S. Selma during the Battle of Mobile Bay, where their fleet was defeated and the steamer was sunk on August 5, 1864. He was taken prisoner and sent to Pensacola, and later released on parole.

After the war he visited Europe, then returned to live at " Shenstone" until ca. 1886 when he moved to " Carter's Grove, " James City County. In October 1870, he married Clara Haxall Thomsonof Jefferson County, West Virginia; they had the following children: Lucy Almira Booth(July 15, 1871 -1960); Frances Rebecca Booth(October 1, 1873 -? ); Henrietta Edwina Booth(January 6, 1876-? ); Edwin Gilliam Booth, III(July 14, 1878 -? ); Clara Thomson Booth(July 10, 1880 -? ); John Thomson Booth(May 13, 1883 -? ); and, William Harris Booth(June 16, 1885 -? ).

In 1907, he settled in the old George Wythehome at Williamsburg, and was a member of the Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary. He died at home on January 5, 1922.

Biography

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

See entries from: Who Was Who In America, Volume II, 1943 -1950, page 139; Who's Who in America, 1984-1985, 43rd edition, Volume I, A-K, pp. 723-724; the National Cyclopedia of American Biography, pp. 279-280, and the obituary for Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.from the November 26, 1986 "Washington Post."

Scope and Content Information

Scope and Content

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The Cumming Familypapers consist of ca. 53,100 items (23 Hollinger boxes, ca. 8 linear shelf feet), 1777-1778, 1806 (1820-1977) 1984, including correspondence, financial and legal papers, newspaper clippings, photographs, bound volumes, writings, printed material, and miscellaneous related items pertaining to the life and activities of Dr. Hugh Smithand Lucy Booth Cumming, Sr., and their son, Ambassador Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., (1900-1986), and his wife, Winifred Burney West, as well as other family members. Also present are papers relating to the Booth Family.

Dr. Cumming (1869-1948) was Surgeon General of the U. S. Public Health Servicefrom 1920 to 1936; Ambassador Cumming (1900-) was a career diplomat and served primarily in Europeand Indonesiafrom 1933 until his retirement in 1963.

The majority of the collection is chiefly correspondence dealing with family, professional, and diplomatic matters. In addition, Ambassador Cumming maintained extensive files containing additional correspondence, photographs, reports, memoranda, notes, and other related materials regarding his public and personal activities.

The collection has been divided into three subgroups: I. Booth FamilyPapers, II. Papers of Dr. and Mrs. Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr., and III. Papers of Ambassador Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.There are various series and subseries within each subgroup. A more detailed description of the papers, especially biographical and organizational information, can be found later in this guide, under each subgroup. The descriptions were compiled by Robin D. Wear (Subgroup I), T. Sharon Defibaugh (Subgroup II), and Ervin L. Jordan, Jr. (Subgroup III). This collection contains 6922-b, 6922-d, 6922-e, 6922-f, 6922-h, 6922-h, 6922-i, 6922-k, 6922-l, 6922-m, 6922-n, 6922-p, 6922-r, 6922-s, 6922-u, 6922-w, 6922-ab, 6922-ac and 6922-ad.

SUBGROUP I BOOTH FAMILY PAPERS

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This subgroup of the Cumming Papers pertains chiefly to the Booth family, and consists of ca. 270 items, (Boxes 1 and 2), encompassing the years 1814-1978. Included are correspondence, legal papers, and photographs of the Booth family; and biographical and genealogical information in the form of correspondence, notes, copies of family documents, and printed material concerning the Boothand allied families such as Armistead, Thomson, Throckmorton, Gilliam, Rootes, Bernard, and Terry.

Correspondents include Rebecca Hicks Booth, Robert Henry Booth, Edwin Gilliam Booth, and the latter's children, Edwin Gilliam Booth, Archer Jones Booth, Francis Rebecca Booth, and Sarah Tanner Booth, as well as Clara Haxall Thomson Booth, Lucy Almira Booth, Hugh Smith Cumming, Charles J. Cabaniss, and William Cabell Rives.

Edwin Gilliam Booth's two older sons fought in the Civil War on the Confederate side in Virginia. Archer Jones Boothwrote to his father from Clark County, and to his grandmother from a camp near Fredericksburgmentioning long marches and various campsites. Edwin Gilliam Booth, Jr., wrote to his father from a camp near Yorktown(June 5, 1861), discussing camp life, the hardships of warfare, and their hopes that President [Jefferson] Daviswould send an additional 25,000 men; and, later writes from the C. S. Steamer Selma off Mobile, Alabama(April 13, 1864) mentioning the occupation of Vicksburgby Yankees, the defense of Richmond, and news of Archer's regiment and an anticipated battle.

Other letters of interest include those from E. C. Cabellto Edwin Gilliam Booth(November 22, 1846 and November 14, 1847) concerning a controversy between Booth and his brother, Archer, and the Bank of Florida; two letters from William Cabell Rivesto Edwin Gilliam Booth(July 5, 1858 and November 24, 1862); and a lengthy letter from Edwin Gilliam Booth, Jr.to his sister, Frances Rebecca Booth, from Paris, France(February 5, 1866).

Scope and Content

SUBGROUP II PAPERS OF DR. AND MRS. HUGH SMITH CUMMING, SR.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This subgroup of the Cumming familypapers includes papers of Dr. Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.(1869-1948) and his wife, Lucy Booth Cumming(1871-1960), and contains ca. 825 items, (Boxes 3-7, 4 Hollinger boxes, 3.5 linear shelf feet), 1897-1956. They consist of correspondence, memoirs, essays, speeches, invitations, printed items, photographs, legal papers, bound volumes, and oversize items.

Correspondence forms the largest series of the papers; there are letters of congratulation to Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cummingconcerning the birth of Lucy Cumming, 1897, and Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., 1900, as well as letters of condolence regarding the death of Lucy Cummingin 1898.

Letters from Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to his wife, Lucy, 1900-1938, were usually written during his absences from home due to work connected with his appointments to the U.S. Public Health Service(1894-1920) and as Surgeon General (1920-1936); they contain references to his inspection and quarantine duties, departmental gossip, family news, and personal observations about the various places that he visited. Notable topics include: the endorsement of the Public Health and Marine Hospital Serviceby the American Medical Association(July 13, 1905); the case of an insane Russian alien (November 12, 1911); Lucy's appointment to the Sanitation Committee(November 15, 1912); Surgeon General Rupert Blue's and Cumming's chances of an assignment in Philadelphia(August 17, 1912), and his VirginiaSurvey and other inspection work along the Atlantic Seaboard, especially of sewage systems and oyster beds (1914-1915). The majority of Dr. Cumming's letters to his wife were written during his service in Europe, 1918-1920, where he visited and inspected ports of embarkation, evacuation points, departing ships, and camps used by the American forces in Francefor evidence of epidemics or disease. He also represented the United Statesin 1919 at the Cannesconference which organized the League of Red Cross Societiesand headed a medical mission to Poland. Topics in this group include: post-war conditions in England(December 20, 1918); American University Unionin Europe(December 29, 1918); abominable conditions at the American camp at Brest, France(January 9, 1919); effects of shelling on the ruins at Rheims, France(February 9, 1919); typhoid fever outbreak at Rotterdam, Netherlands(February 20, 1919); Red CrossConference at Cannes(March 20, 1919); chances for an enduring peace (March 28, 1919); work on a committee on preventive medicine and hygiene and a subcommittee on Public Health Laboratories(April 3-23, 1919); and comments on the high cost of food and its affect upon the morals of civilians in Europe(April 24, 1919). These letters, in general, describe Cumming's itinerary while in Europe, including England, France, Belgium, Poland, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey, his duties of inspection, and the appearance of post-war Europe.

Letters to Lucy Booth Cumminginclude the following topics: a sketch of the life of Archer Jones Booth, (an uncle of hers) as a Confederate soldier, by James F. Epes(November 26, 1903); Leakeand Haxallgenealogy (October 21, 1905); Thomsongenealogy (March 29, 1914; [February 9, 1934]; November 15, 1929); Cabanissgenealogy (September 27, 1933) and photographs of celebrities attending the Lausanne Peace Conference(December 26, 1922).

Lucy Cumming also corresponded with her mother, Clara Booth, and sister, Henrietta Wise, while residing in Yokohama, Japan, (1906), and while visiting her husband in Europein 1919-1920.

The miscellaneous correspondence of Hugh and Lucy Cumming contains: a copy of Charles J. Hatfield's comments introducing Hugh S. Cummingat the University of Pennsylvania(October 20, 1930); copy of Mrs. Cumming's comments in a prologue to a series of radio broadcasts regarding the health of young people for the Committee on Periodic Health Examinations(January 12, 1932), and a copy of Herbert Hoover's letter of appreciation to Cumming about his work in the Public Health Service(February 25, 1933).

Dr. and Mrs. Cumming's letters to their son, Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., generally contain family news and descriptions of trips undertaken in connection with Cumming's work as Surgeon General, with occasional references to Dr. Cumming's viewpoints amd opinions, including the technical meeting of the Commission on Nutrition(May 24 and 31, 1937) and his opinion of his successor, [Thomas] Parran(May 12, 1939).

The letters of Winifred Burney (West) Cumming(1907-1978) to Lucy B. Cumming, 1948-1956, furnish a varied picture of the life of the wife of a diplomat and her responsibilities in the work of an embassy. These letters were written while her husband, Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., (1900-1986) was stationed in Sweden, Russia, and Indonesia. Two letters in particular (March 5 and 19, 1951) describe the city of Moscow, its living conditions, and the Lubianka prison, which was near the Cumming's Moscowquarters.

This collection also contains the typescript of Dr. Hugh S. Cumming's personal memoirs, beginning with his birth on August 17, 1869, in Hampton, Virginia, and ending with his last day at the Pan American Sanitary Bureauon February 1, 1947, and Lucy Cumming's memoirs of her childhood in Nottoway County, Virginia.

Other items of note include two speeches of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr., "Toast at Tennis Club" (N.D.) and "Address at the opening session of the Septima Conferencia Sanitaria" (November 1924), and a Power of Attorney re the estate of Lucy B. Cumming's grandfather, Edwin G. Booth, " Beechwood" in York County, Virginia, (June 19, 1919). The collection also contains a diary and date book of Lucy Booth Cumming; a pictoral record of the Medical Conference held at Cannes, France, (April 1-11, 1919) at the invitation of the Committee of Red Cross Societies; a scrapbook of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr., containing academic diplomas, official certificates, honorary degrees, appointments, photographs, newsclippings, obituaries, etc.; Lucy Cumming's membership certificate in the United Daughters of the Confederacy; and a charcoal-and-chalk profile sketch of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.

Scope and Content

SUBGROUP III PAPERS OF AMBASSADOR HUGH SMITH CUMMING, JR.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This subgroup consists of ca. 5,200 items (Boxes 7-23, ca. 4.5 linear shelf feet), 1777-1778, 1806, 1820, 1861-1892, 1907 (1931-1977) 1984, correspondence, photographs, financial and legal items, newspaper clippings, tape recordings, bound volumes and miscellaneous items relating to Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., a career diplomat. These papers are chiefly comprised of personal and diplomatic correspondence. Topics of interest in the subgroup include: Cumming's life as a diplomat in Moscow, Stockholm, Paris, and Indonesia; European economic conditions, 1939-1945; the University of Virginia; American activities in Icelandand Greenlandbefore and during World War II; diplomacy, family and personal matters; and involvements in civic and professional organizations.

As a diplomat, Cumming corresponded with several prominent contemporaries, especially his fellow diplomats, but the majority of their letters are concerned with routine matters. The correspondence was written in various places: Austria, Belgium, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Liberia, the Netherlands, Poland, South America, the Soviet Union, Sweden, and Switzerland.

Among the noted correspondents are: Dean Acheson; Joseph W. Alsop; John A. Blatnik; Daniel J. Boorstin; John Stewart Bryan; Harry F. Byrd, Jr.; Richard E. Byrd; Bernard P. Chamerlain; Virginius Dabney; C. Douglas Dillon; Thomas N. Downing; Allen W. Dulles; John Foster Dulles; Homer Ferguson; J. Allen Frear, Jr.; Douglas Southall Freeman; J. William Fulbright; Wilson D. Gillette; Joseph C. Grew; Christian A. Herter; Lou Henry Hoover(Mrs. Herbert Hoover); Cordell Hull; Herschel V. Johnson; Walter Lippman; Henry Cabot Lodge; John O. Marsh, Jr.; Christopher C. McGrath; David C. Mearns; L. Quincy Mumford; Stanley F. Reed; Eleanor Roosevelt; Elliot Roosevelt; Dean Rusk; Hugh D. Scott, Jr.; John W. Snyder; John Sparkman; Maurice Stans; Edward E. Stettinius, Jr.; Potter Stewart; Robert Taft, Jr.; Edward Thye, Jr.; Harry S. Truman.

In addition, there are references to: Edwin Barclay; Chiang Kai-shek; Andrei Gromyko; George Kennan; Hunter Holmes McGuire; Raoul Wallenberg.

Cumming's correspondence, 1907-1984, relates to his life and career and includes letters from and to his wife, his mother, relatives, friends, and colleagues. There are several letters congratulating him on his marriage to Winifred Burney West(1907-1978), 1935, as well as her letters to members of her family, 1930-1932 and 1951-1952, while she was living in the American Consulate in Hankow, China, and in Moscowwhere her husband was counselor to the American Embassy. In these letters, which were primarily addressed to her brother-in-law, Frank A. West, she discusses her social and personal activities. The letters contain references to contemporary events and individuals such as: executions taking place near the American Consulate in Hankow, January 30, 1931; the U.S.S. Panay's attempt to pay ransom to secure the release of a kidnap victim, February 27, 1931; Chiang Kai-shek, December 16, 1930; May Day celebrations in Moscow, May 11, 1951; and meeting Andrei Gromyko, November 11 and 18, 1951. Her Moscow letters were signed "jed."

Letters of interest include several from Mr. and Mrs. Cordell Hull, 1933-1950; Walter Lippmandiscussing the case of Raoul Wallenberg, December 8, 1947; a thank-you letter from Eleanor Roosevelt, June 13, 1950; Richard E. Byrdregarding his efforts on behalf of the U.S. Antarctic Service, August 21 and December 27, 1941; and President Harry S. Truman's appointment of Cumming to the personal rank of Minister while serving as deputy chief of mission and counselor of the embassy at Moscow, August 14, 1951; condolence letters, 1948-1949, regarding the death of his father, Hugh S. Cumming, Sr., and of his mother, Lucy Booth Cumming, 1960.

Correspondence from Cumming's diplomatic service, 1926-1964, includes copies of correspondence with the State Department, a report on economic and political situations in Nazi Germany, November 15, 1939, and an incomplete report of an assassination attempt against Liberian President Edwin Barclaywhich involved the use of medicine men and magic, 1934, as well as several confidential reports and related papers pertaining to his service in Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

The subject files, 1934-1984, comprise the largest section of the collection; arranged alphabetically by name or subject, they contain correspondence and related papers pertaining to Cumming's civic and professional activities. These include appointments and efficiency reports, papers regarding members of the Cumming family, the Alibi Club, the John Foster Dulles Oral History Project at Princeton University, Bath County Community Hospital, the National Cathedral Association, the State Department, Diplomatic and Consular Officers, Retired (DACOR) and other similar subjects.

Correspondence and files regarding the University of Virginiainclude the Raven Society, the Hugh S. and Lucy Booth Cumming Memorial Fund, the O.W.L.S. Society, and others. As a consequence, he corresponded with several members of its faculty, students, and staff such as Julius P. Barclay, Edmund Berkeley, Jr., Colgate W. Darden, Jr., Ernest H. Ern, Arthur P. Gray III, Frank L. Hereford, Jr., William H. Runge, B. F. D. Runk, Edgar F. Shannon, and John Cook Wyllie.

The photographs, 1918-1961, pertain to: life at the Virginia Military Institutein 1918, U. S. Coast Guardactivities in Greenlandduring 1941; the first commerical flight between Reykjavik, Iceland, and Washington, D.C.Of special interest is a 1923 photograph of Cumming as a park ranger in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and four photographs of Richard M. Nixonduring a visit to Indonesiaas part of his 1953 Asian tour.

Bound volumes, 1777 -1778, 1806, 1820, 1850-1892 and 1941, include a scrapbook regarding Sunday School conventions in Albemarle County, Virginia, 1868-1875, a journal containing entries regarding the issuing of military rations, 1777-1778; and a 1866-1868 diary and commonplace book of Diana Whiting Smith Cumming, a school teacher and resident of Hampton, Virginia. Also present is Cumming's diary of his official trip to Greenlandduring 1941.

Other items of interest include: passsports of Hugh and Winifred Cumming, 1922-1947; invitations, a 1909 school report, guest tickets to the 1924 Democratic National Convention; three 1913 visitor passes to public viewing galleries in Congress from Bird McGuire, James P. Clarke, and Claude A. Swanson; two tape recordings of Cumming interviews, 1954 and 1969; an article by him regarding Liberia, February, 1937; three pages from the New York Daily Tribune, April 23, 1861, with references to the early phase of the Civil War, a 1940 Cumming article on the U.S. Antarctic Service; and a pass for Cumming as an official observer at a nuclear test explosion ("Diablo") in Nevadaduring 1957.

Arrangement

Organization

ORGANIZATION

This subgroup of the CummingPapers is divided into three series: I. Correspondence and Legal Papers; II. Genealogical Papers; and, III. Photographs and Printed Material. The folders in the first series have been arranged chronologically. The folders in the second series have been arranged in alphabetical order by family name. The series entitled "Miscellaneous" contains photographs and printed material, with folders in alphabetical order.

Organization

ORGANIZATION

The papers of Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cumming, Sr., are arranged chronologically and have been arranged in five series: 1) Correspondence; 2) Memoirs; 3) Miscellaneous Papers; 4) Bound Volumes; and 5) Oversize Items.

Organization

ORGANIZATION

This subgroup is divided into three series: I. Correspondence, II. Photographs and Miscellaneous, and III. Bound Volumes. Series I is divided into five subseries of correspondence: general, chronological, alphabetical files, topical files, and subject files. Series II contains photographs followed by miscellaneous folders. Folder headings have been modified as necessary and the material has been arranged chronologically within each series.


Container List

SUBGROUP I: Booth Family Papers
  • Series I. Correspondence and Legal Papers
    • Box 1
      Correspondence and Papers of Rebecca Hicks Boothand the Hicks family
      1830-1864
    • Box 1
      Correspondence of Robert H. Boothand family
      1843-1860
    • Box 1
      Correspondence of Edwin Gilliam Booth
      1846-1881
    • Box 1
      Dr. Edwin Gilliam Boothto Edwin Gilliam Booth
      1861-1869
    • Box 1
      Correspondence of Clara Haxell (Thomson) Boothand the Thomson Family
      1858-1922
    • Box 1
      Letters from Archer Jones Booth
      1862-1864
    • Box 1
      Correspondence of Frances Rebecca Booth
      1863-1864
    • Box 1
      Correspondence of Dr. Edwin Gilliam Booth
      1863-1904
    • Box 1
      Correspondence between Lucy Boothand Dr. Edwin Gilliam Booth
      1890-1895
    • Box 1
      Letters to Lucy Booth
      1892-1896
    • Box 1
      Correspondence between Lucy Boothand Hugh Smith Cumming
      1896
    • Box 1
      Surveys of land owned by the Gilliam Boothfamily
      1814-1843
    • Box 1
      Legal Papers of the Booth family
      1817-1869
  • Series II. Genealogical Papers
    • Box 1
      Armistead family
      n.d.
    • Box 1
      Booth family
      1885-1923, n.d.
    • Box 1
      Booth family: Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.regarding genealogical information
      1937-1965, 1978
    • Box 1
      Booth family: Miscellaneous notes and related papers, including copies of family letters and documents
      1868-1963, n.d.
    • Box 1
      Boothand Thomsonand allied families, kept in "Black Book"
      n.d.
    • Box 1
      Booth- Thomson- Throckmortonand allied families
      1929-1938
    • Box 2
      Gilliam- Rootes- Bernardand allied families
      1927-1928
    • Box 2
      "Record of Terryand Allied Families of Virginiaand North Carolina, " compiled from notes collected by Annie Terryfor Rebecca Sealy Terry White
      1934
    • Box 2
      Terry family
      1907-1954
    • Box 2
      Thomson family
      1919-1930, n.d.
  • Series III. Photographs and Printed Material
    • Box 2
      Photographs of Edwin Gilliamand Sarah Tanner (Jones) Boothand their offspring, and others
      [ca. 1850-1878]
    • Box 2
      Photographs of " Shenstone" and " Carter's Grove, " homes of the Booth family, and of family gravesite, at St. Mary's Episcopal Church
      1963, n.d.
    • Box 2
      Printed material re Dr. Edwin Gilliam Booth
      1922-1956
SUBGROUP II: PAPERS OF DR. AND MRS. HUGH SMITH CUMMING, SR.
  • Series I. Correspondence
    • Box 3
      Letters to Hugh S. and Lucy B. Cumming, Sr. re birth of Lucy Cumming
      1897
    • Box 3
      Letters to Lucy B. Cummingfrom her parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Booth
      1897-1923
    • Box 3
      Letters to Hugh S. and Lucy B. Cumming, Sr. re death of Lucy Cumming
      1898
    • Box 3
      Letters from Hugh S. Cummingto Dr. and Mrs. E. G. Booth
      1898-1913
    • Box 3
      Letters of Lucy B. Cummingto her sister Henrietta Wise
      1898-1920
    • Box 3
      Correspondence between Hugh S. and Lucy B. Cumming
      1898-1941
    • Box 3
      Letters to Hugh S. and Lucy B. Cumming, Sr. re birth of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
      1900
    • Box 3
      Letters of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to his wife, Lucy B. Cumming
      1900-1915
    • Box 3
      Letters of Hugh S. Cumming Sr.to his wife, Lucy B. Cumming
      1918 Dec-1919 Mar
    • Box 4
      Letters of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to his wife, Lucy B. Cumming
      1919 Apr-Dec
    • Box 4
      Letters of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to his wife, Lucy B. Cumming
      1920 and 1929-1938
    • Box 4
      Letters of Lucy Booth Cummingto her mother, Mrs. E. G. Booth
      1901-[1924]
    • Box 4
      Miscellaneous Correspondence of Hugh S. and Lucy B. Cumming
      1901-1956
    • Box 4
      Letters to Lucy Booth Cumming
      1903-1943
    • Box 4
      Letters from Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.
      1946-1920
    • Box 4
      Letters from Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cummingto Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.
      1932-1936
    • Box 4
      Letters from Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.to Hugh and Winifred Cumming, Jr.
      1937-1949
    • Box 5
      Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.re CummingGenealogy
      1927-1929
    • Box 5
      (Copies) Letters from Franklin D. Rooseveltand H. Morganthou, Jr.to Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.re his retirement
      1936
    • Box 5
      Letter of Herbert Hooverto Lucy B. Cumming, with a copy of Hoover's homecoming address, "The Meaning of America"
      1948
    • Box 5
      Correspondence re the publication of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.'s Memoirs
      1948-1949
    • Box 5
      Letters of Winifred Cummingto Lucy B. Cumming
      1948-1956
  • Series II. Memoirs
    • Box 5
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 5
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 5
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 5
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 5
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 6
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 6
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 6
      Memoirs of General Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
      [ca. 1948]
    • Box 6
      Memoir of Lucy Booth Cumming
      1952
    • Box 6
      Typescript Chapters re Surgeon General Rupert Blueand Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.[probably from A Profile of the U. S. Public Health Service 1798-1848by Bess Furman]
      n.d.
  • Series III. Miscellaneous Papers
    • Box 6
      Essays by Lucy Booth Cumming
      1953 and n.d.
    • Box 7
      Invitations issued to Dr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Cumming
      1924-1935
    • Box 7
      Legal Papers
      1919 June 19
    • Box 7
      Miscellaneous Papers
      n.d.
    • Box 7
      Photographs
      1897-1934
    • Box 7
      Printed Materials
      1906-1947
    • Box 7
      Speeches of Dr. Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.
      1924 and n.d.
  • Series IV. Bound Volumes
    • Box 7
      1)
      Dairy of Lucy Booth Cumming, 1922-1923
    • Box 7
      2)
      Date Book of Lucy Booth Cumming, 1925
    • Box 7
      3)
      Pictorial Record of the Medical Conference held at Cannes, FranceApril 1-11, 1919 at the invitation of the Committee of Red Cross Societies
  • Series V. Oversize
    • 1)
      Scrapbook of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr., 1892-1948, containing academic diplomas, official certificates, honorary degrees, appointments, photographs, newsclipping, obituaries, etc.
    • 2)
      United Daughter of the Confederacymembership certificate belonging to Lucy Booth Cumming
    • 3)
      Charcoal and chalk profile sketch of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.signed "Kinito Pon's"
SUBGROUP III: PAPERS OF AMBASSADOR HUGH SMITH CUMMING, JR.
  • Series I. Correspondence
    • A: General
      • Box 7
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1907, 1915-1922, 1926
      • Box 7
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1931-1934
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1935
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1936-1939
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1940 January to June
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1940 July to December
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1941 January to August
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1941 Sep-Dec
      • Box 8
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1941-1948
      • Box 9
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1942-1948
      • Box 9
        Correspondence of Hugh Smith Cumming
        1949, 1959-1973
    • B: Chronological Files
      • Box 9
        Chronological File
        1957 May 6-1959 June
      • Box 9
        Chronological File
        1959 July-1961 Apr 22
      • Box 9
        Chronological File
        1962 Feb 24-1963 Dec 16
      • Box 9
        Chronological File
        1964-1965
      • Box 10
        Chronological File
        1966-1969
      • Box 10
        Chronological File
        1970-1979
    • C: Alphabetical Files
      • Box 10
        Correspondence: A-B
        1943-1950
      • Box 10
        Correspondence: C-D
        1932 and 1943-1949
      • Box 10
        Correspondence: E-F
        1942-1950
      • Box 10
        Correspondence: G
        1943-1947
      • Box 10
        Correspondence: J
        1943-1947
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: K-L, Mc and N
        1943-1947
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: A-C
        1959-1960
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: D-L
        1959-1960
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: M-Z
        1959-1960
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: A-B
        1960-1977
      • Box 11
        Correspondence: C
        1953 and 1961-1977
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: D-F
        1961-1976
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: G-H
        1961-1976
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: I-K
        1957 and 1961-1977
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: L-M
        1961-1975
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: N-Q
        1961-1978
      • Box 12
        Correspondence: R-S
        1961-1979
      • Box 13
        Correspondence: T-V
        1961-1979
      • Box 13
        Correspondence: W-Z
        1961-1977
    • D: Topical Files
      • Box 13
        Letters of Winifred B. Cummingto her family
        1930-1932 and 1951-1952
      • Box 13
        Letters of Mr. and Mrs. Cordell Hullto Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
        1933-1946, 1950
      • Box 13
        Letters to Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.from Members of Congress and government officials
        1947-1950
      • Box 13
        Condolence Letters and related items re the death of Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.
        1948-1949
      • Box 13
        Letters of Hugh S. and Winifred Cumming to Lucy Booth Cumming
        1948-1952
      • Box 13
        Letters of Hugh S. and Winifred Cumming to Lucy Booth Cumming
        1953-1954
      • Box 14
        Letters of Hugh S. and Winifred Cumming to Lucy Booth Cumming
        1955-1957
      • Box 14
        Condolence Letters re the death of Lucy Booth Cumming(Folder 1 of 2)
        1960
      • Box 14
        Condolence Letters re the death of Lucy Booth Cumming(Folder 2 of 2)
        1960
    • E: Subject Files
      • Box 14
        Alibi Club(Folder 1 of 3)
        1937, 1959-1968
      • Box 14
        Alibi Club(Folder 2 of 3)
        1969-1974
      • Box 14
        Alibi Club(Folder 3 of 3)
        1976-1984
      • Box 14
        Anderson and Sheppard, Ltd.
        1957-1963
      • Box 14
        Appointments and Efficiency Ratings
        1929-1947
      • Box 15
        Atlantic Council
        1962-1972
      • Box 15
        Bath County Community Hospital(Folder 1 of 2)
        1964-1968
      • Box 15
        Bath County Community Hospital(Folder 2 of 2)
        1969-1977
      • Box 15
        Berkshire Farm For Boys (Washington Committee)
        1961
      • Box 15
        Board of Examiners of Foreign Service
        1957-1960
      • Box 15
        Frederick Bunnell-Vassar College
        1973-1974
      • Box 15
        Chevy Chase Club
        1934, 1943-1947
      • Box 15
        Christ Church(Georgetown)
        1975
      • Box 15
        Cosmos Club
        1961-1967
      • Box 15
        Churches
        1955-1964
      • Box 15
        City Tavern
        1960-1966
      • Box 15
        Conference: The United States Ambassador; University of Pennsylvania
        1963
      • Box 15
        Cumming Family
        1962-1969, 1975
      • Box 16
        Mrs. Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
        1951-1960
      • Box 16
        Hugh Smith Cumming Trust(Folder 1 of 2)
        1950-1967
      • Box 16
        Hugh Smith Cumming Trust(Folder 2 of 2)
        1968-1979
      • Box 16
        Hugh S. and Lucy Booth Cumming Memorial Fund
        1965-1975
      • Box 16
        Estate of Lucy Booth Cumming
        1962-1964
      • Box 16
        Diplomatic and Consular Officers, Retired(DACOR)
        1959-1968
      • Box 16
        Davidson College
        1978
      • Box 16
        Thomas N. Downing
        1960-1961
      • Box 16
        John Foster Dulles: Princeton University Oral History Project(Folder 1 of 2)
        1963-1965
      • Box 16
        John Foster Dulles: Princeton University Oral History Project(Folder 2 of 2)
        1966-1970
      • Box 16
        Family and Child Service: Episcopal Diocese and Research Committees
        1960-1962
      • Box 17
        Financial Papers: Miscellaneous diplomatic and personal
        1937 and 1941-1950
      • Box 17
        Foreign Service Advisory Committee
        1960
      • Box 17
        Foxcroft School
        1978-1979
      • Box 17
        Garth Newel Music Center, Hot Springs, Virginia
        1979
      • Box 17
        Nell Hayne
        1975-1976
      • Box 17
        Historic Georgetown, Inc.
        1965-1979
      • Box 17
        Culver Gleysteen
        1971-1972
      • Box 17
        Kendrick Family
        1964-1978
      • Box 17
        John B. Kendrick, II
        1976-1978
      • Box 17
        Margaret Kendrick
        1976-1978
      • Box 17
        Anthony Lake
        1961-1962
      • Box 17
        Meridan House Foundation
        1963-1971
      • Box 17
        Metropolitan Club(Folder 1 of 2)
        1934, 1943-1962
      • Box 18
        Metropolitan Club(Folder 2 of 2)
        1963-1972
      • Box 18
        Miscellaneous
        1957, 1962, 1972-1979
      • Box 18
        Sir Oscar Morland
        1973-1977
      • Box 18
        Moscow Church
        1952-1962
      • Box 18
        MoscowTransfer
        1950
      • Box 18
        Rev. H. R. Mumford
        1975-1977
      • Box 18
        National Cathedral Association(Folder 1 of 2)
        1961-1964
      • Box 18
        National Cathedral Association(Folder 2 of 2)
        1964 May-1978
      • Box 18
        The Raven Society
        1959-1960
      • Box 18
        Marjorie Savage
        1961
      • Box 18
        State Department--personnel actions, etc
        1948-1969
      • Box 18
        Stockholm, Sweden--vouchers and items re related activities
        1945-1950
      • Box 18
        Stockholm, Sweden--miscellaneous correspondence
        1948-1950
      • Box 18
        SwannanoaLots
        1932 and 1961-1966
      • Box 19
        United States Navy: East Indies
        1957
      • Box 19
        University of the Pacific-- Stockton
        1977-1978
      • Box 19
        University of Virginia(Folder 1 of 2)
        1961-1972
      • Box 19
        University of Virginia(Folder 2 of 2)
        1975-1978
      • Box 19
        Virginia Historical Society
        1962-1963 and 1971
      • Box 19
        Virginia Military Institute: 40th Class Reunion
        1961
      • Box 19
        Virginia Military Institute: military items
        1917-1920 and 1971
      • Box 19
        Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs
        1961-1968
      • Box 19
        West Family
        1960-1968
      • Box 19
        Wise Family
        1960-1971
      • Box 19
        Birne T. West
        1968-1972
      • Box 20
        Birne T. West Trust
        1967-1972
      • Box 20
        Frank A. West
        1962-1968
      • Box 20
        Woodrow Wilson House Council
        1964-1972
  • Series II. Photographs and Miscellaneous
    • Box 20
      Photographs
      1918, 1923, 1943 and 1945, ca. 1964, n.d.
    • Box 20
      Photographs: U.S. Guard Coastin Greenlandduring World War II with a published article by Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.re the U.S. Antarctic Service, and also photographs of U. S. S. Bear of the U. S. Antartic Service
      1939-1941
    • Box 20
      Official Photographs of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
      1939, 1944-1961
    • Box 20
      Photographs re activities of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.in Reykjavik, Iceland
      1946-1947
    • Box 20
      Photographs of Richard M. Nixonin Indonesiaduring his Asian Tour
      ca. 1953
    • Box 20
      Newspaper Clippings
      1861, 1933-1963
    • Box 20
      Passports of Hugh S. and Winifred B. Cumming
      1922-1947
    • Box 21
      Miscellaneous Items
      1909 and 1913-1966
    • Box 21
      Invitations
      1931-1964
    • Box 21
      Banner, University of Virginia O.W.L.S. Society
      1959-1960
    • Box 21
      West FamilyGenealogical Material
      n.d.
  • Series III. Bound Volumes
    • Box 22
      Diary and Commonplace Book of Diana Whiting Smith Cumming
      1866-1868
    • Box 23
      Diary of visit to a Miss Marion Kempin New York City
      1892 April 7-29
    • Box 23
      Diary of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.'s trip to Greenland
      1941 April 6-June 6
    • Box 23
      Typescript copy of Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.'s diary re his trip to Greenlandon the Coast GuardCutter Northland and his return home at the time of the battle between the Hood and the Bismarck
      1941 April 6-June 6
    • Box 23
      Papers re Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.'s voyage on the U. S. Coast Guardcutter Northland: Greenlandtrip
      1941
    • T 842
      Tapes
      1 five-inch reel, 7.5 ips

      A) 5 December 1969 [Telephone] interview of Ambassador Cumming by [Bob Wilson]broadcast over KWYO, Sheridan, Wyoming. Discusses his diplomatic service in China, Russia, Indonesia, and Sweden. 5 minutes.

      B) ca. 1951. Series of satirical songs, recorded at the American embassy in Moscowduring the Korean War, when embassy personnel were restricted to the grounds and entertainment was scarce. 30 minutes.

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Allen W. Dulles
  • Andrei Gromyko
  • Annie Terry
  • Anthony Lake
  • Archer Jones Booth
  • Archer Jones Booth
  • Arthur P. Gray III
  • B. F. D. Runk
  • Bernard P. Chamerlain
  • Bess Furman
  • Big Bethel
  • Bird McGuire
  • Birne T. West
  • Booth Family
  • C. Douglas Dillon
  • Charles J. Cabaniss
  • Charles J. Hatfield
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Christian A. Herter
  • Christopher C. McGrath
  • Clara Booth
  • Clara Haxall Thomson
  • Clara Haxall Thomson Booth
  • Clara Haxell (Thomson) Booth
  • Clara Thomson Booth
  • Claude A. Swanson
  • Colgate W. Darden, Jr.
  • Cordell Hull
  • Culver Gleysteen
  • Daniel J. Boorstin
  • David C. Mearns
  • David Comfort
  • Dean Acheson
  • Dean Rusk
  • Diana Whiting Smith Cumming
  • Diana Whiting Smith Cumming
  • Douglas Southall Freeman
  • E. C. Cabell
  • E. G. Booth
  • Edgar F. Shannon
  • Edmund Berkeley, Jr.
  • Edward E. Stettinius, Jr.
  • Edward Thye, Jr.
  • Edwin Barclay
  • Edwin G. Booth
  • Edwin Gilliam
  • Edwin Gilliam Booth
  • Edwin Gilliam Booth
  • Edwin Gilliam Booth, III
  • Edwin Gilliam Booth, Jr.
  • Edwin Gilliam Booth, Sr.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Elliot Roosevelt
  • Ernest H. Ern
  • Frances Rebecca Booth
  • Frances Rebecca Booth
  • Francis Rebecca Booth
  • Frank A. West
  • Frank L. Hereford, Jr.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • George Kennan
  • George Wythe
  • Gilliam Booth
  • Gilliam Booth
  • H. Morganthou, Jr.
  • H. R. Mumford
  • HUGH SMITH CUMMING, JR.
  • HUGH SMITH CUMMING, SR.
  • Harry F. Byrd, Jr.
  • Harry S. Truman
  • Henrietta Edwina Booth
  • Henrietta Wise
  • Henry Cabot Lodge
  • Henry Edwin Dwight
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Herschel V. Johnson
  • Homer Ferguson
  • Hugh D. Scott, Jr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming
  • Hugh S. Cumming Sr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Sr.
  • Hugh Smith
  • Hugh Smith Cumming
  • Hugh Smith Cumming
  • Hugh Smith Cumming
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Jr.
  • Hugh Smith Cumming, Sr.
  • Hunter Holmes McGuire
  • J. Allen Frear, Jr.
  • J. William Fulbright
  • James F. Epes
  • James P. Clarke
  • John A. Blatnik
  • John B. Kendrick, II
  • John Cook Wyllie
  • John Foster Dulles
  • John O. Marsh, Jr.
  • John Sparkman
  • John Stewart Bryan
  • John Taylor Lomax
  • John Thomson Booth
  • John W. Snyder
  • Joseph C. Grew
  • Joseph W. Alsop
  • Julius P. Barclay
  • L. Quincy Mumford
  • Lou Henry Hoover
  • Lucy Almira Booth
  • Lucy B. Cumming
  • Lucy Booth
  • Lucy Booth Cumming
  • Lucy Booth Cumming
  • Lucy Booth Cumming
  • Lucy Booth Cumming, 1960
  • Lucy Cumming
  • Margaret Kendrick
  • Marion Kemp
  • Marjorie Savage
  • Maurice Stans
  • Nell Hayne
  • Oscar Morland
  • Potter Stewart
  • Raoul Wallenberg
  • Rebecca (Hicks) Booth
  • Rebecca Hicks Booth
  • Rebecca Sealy Terry White
  • Richard E. Byrd
  • Richard M. Nixon
  • Robert H. Booth
  • Robert Henry Booth
  • Robert Taft, Jr.
  • Rupert Blue
  • Sarah Tanner (Jones) Booth
  • Sarah Tanner Booth
  • Sarah Tanner Jones
  • Stanley F. Reed
  • Theodorick Pryor
  • Thomas N. Downing
  • Virginia
  • Virginius Dabney
  • Walter Lippman
  • William Cabell Rives
  • William H. Runge
  • William Harris Booth
  • William Travis Booth
  • Wilson D. Gillette
  • Winifred B. Cumming
  • Winifred Burney (West) Cumming
  • Winifred Burney West
  • Winifred Cumming
  • [Bob Wilson]
  • [Jefferson] Davis
  • [Thomas] Parran

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Albemarle County, Virginia
  • Asia
  • Atlantic Seaboard
  • Belgium
  • Brest, France
  • Cannes
  • Cannes, France
  • China
  • Clark County
  • Colorado
  • Dinwiddie County
  • East Indies
  • England
  • Europe
  • Fairmont Park, Philadelphia
  • France
  • Fredericksburg
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Hampton, Virginia
  • Hankow
  • Hankow, China
  • Hot Springs, Virginia
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Italy
  • Jefferson County, West Virginia
  • Latin America
  • Liberia
  • Mobile Bay
  • Mobile, Alabama
  • Moscow
  • Nevada
  • New York City
  • North Carolina
  • Nottoway County
  • Nottoway County, Virginia
  • Oxford, North Carolina
  • Paris
  • Paris, France
  • Pensacola
  • Philadelphia
  • Poland
  • Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Rheims, France
  • Richmond
  • Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Russia
  • Sheridan, Wyoming
  • Spain
  • Stockholm
  • Stockholm, Sweden
  • Stockton
  • Sweden
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • Vicksburg
  • Virginia
  • Washington, D.C.
  • Williamsburg
  • Yokohama, Japan
  • York County, Virginia
  • Yorktown