A Guide to the Micajah Woods Papers Woods, Micajah. 10279

A Guide to the Micajah Woods Papers

A Collection in the
Special Collections Department
Accession number 10279


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© 1997 By the Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. All rights reserved.

Funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Special Collections Department Staff

Repository
University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept. Alderman Library University of Virginia Charlottesville, Virginia 22903 USA
Collection Number
10279
Title
Micajah Woods Papers 1847-1926
Extent
ca. 760 items
Collector
Mrs. Thomas H. Fox
Location
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

See the University of Virginia Library’s use policy.

Preferred Citation

Micajah Woods Papers, Accession 10279, Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library

Acquisition Information

The collection was given to the library by Mrs. Thomas H. Fox on 24 April 1978.

Funding Note

Funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical Sketch

Micajah Woods, the son of John Rodes Woodsand Sabina Lewis Stewart Creigh, was born on May 17, 1844, at " Holkham, " his parents' residence near Ivy Depot, in Albemarle County, Virginia. The eldest son of a family of ten children, he received his early education at Lewisburg Academy, the military school at Charlottesville, and the Bloomfield Academy. In August 1861, at the age of seventeen, he joined the Confederate Army as aide-de-camp on the staff of General John B. Floydin West Virginia. He spent the winter of 1861-1862 at the University of Virginia, being under military age. In May 1862, Woods joined the Second Virginia Cavalry (Co. K)and fought under "Stonewall" Jacksonat Port Republic, under J. E. B. Stuartin the Northern Virginiaraids, and in the battles of Second Manassas, Crampton's Gap, and Sharpsburg.

In October 1862, he was appointed first lieutenant of cavalry in the Virginia State Line, recently organized by General Floyd. He spent the winter of 1862-1863 involved in campaigns in West Virginiaand Kentucky. From April 1863, to the close of the war he served as first lieutenant in Jackson's (Virginia) Horse Artillery, participating in the battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, and the battles of New Market, Second Cold Harbor, Lynchburg, Fisher's Hill, and Monocacy.

After the war he returned to the University of Virginiawhere he studied for three sessions, receiving a Bachelor of Law degree in June, 1868. He began his practice in Charlottesville; and, in 1870 was elected commonwealth attorney, a position he held until his death in 1911. In 1881 Woods was elected and commissioned captain of the Monticello Guard, and commanded the company at the Yorktown Centennialin October of that year. In 1889, the John Bowie Strange Camp, United Confederate Veterans, was organized with Woods as commander. In 1909 he served as president of the Virginia State Bar Association.

On June 9, 1874, Woods married Matilda ("Tillie") Minor Morris, the second daughter of Edward Watts Morrisand Matilda E. Colemanof " Clazemont, " Hanover County, Virginia. They had five children: Edward Morris, b. March 17, 1875; Sallie Stuart, b. June 5, 1876, m. April 28, 1910 to William James Ruckerof St. James, Missouri; Matilda (Maud) Colemanb. August 23, 1877, d. August 24, 1910; Mary Watts, b. August 9, 1880, m. February 13, 1908 to Frank Luptonof Birmingham, Alabama; and Lettie Page, b. October 23, 1888, m. June 1, 1921 to Martin E. Rehfuss. Edward Morris Woods, the couple's only son, disappeared after 1902 and apparently died sometime before 1911. The Woods' daughters were renowned for their beauty; Maud Coleman Woodswas one of the two women chosen to typify the beauty of North and South America on the official emblem of the Pan-American Expositionat Buffaloin 1901.

Scope and Content

This collection, consisting of ca. 760 items, (5 Hollinger boxes, 22-1/2 linear shelf inches), includes the papers of the Woods Familyof Albemarle County, Virginia, from 1847 to 1926. Correspondence comprises the major part of the collection and deals with a variety of subjects. The correspondence between Micajah Woodsand his parents during the Civil War includes detailed descriptions of the campaigns and battles in which he fought, among them the battles of Port Republic, Second Manassas, Crampton's Gap, Sharpsburg, New Market, Second Cold Harbor, Lynchburg, Fisher's Hill, and Monocacy. The men under whom he served included "Stonewall" Jackson, J. E. B. Stuart, and John Floyd. A portion of the post-Civil War correspondence regards Civil War Veterans' Reunions and recollections of battles and campaigns.

The correspondence between members of the Woods Familymainly concerns family matters such as the 1864 execution by Union soldiers of David S. Creigh, Micajah Woods' uncle, and the selection of Woods' daughter, Maud Coleman Woods, as the first Miss America in 1901. Correspondence regarding the Pleasants-Ritchie duel of 1847 includes an eye-witness description. A separate section of the correspondence deals with genealogy, principally that of the Woods, Buster, Rodes, and McDowellfamilies. The major family correspondents are Micajah Woods; his parents, Dr. John Rodes Woodsand Sabina Lewis Stewart Creigh Woods; Woods' wife, Matilda ("Tillie") Minor Morris; and his children--Morris, Sallie, Maud, Mary Watts, and Lettie.

The papers are of several kinds and deal with numerous topics. There are two Civil War diaries belonging to Micajah Woods, one entitled "Sketches of the Campaign of General Floyd," Woods' class notes, his 1864 account book, certificates, and notes regarding genealogy. There is an article written by Micajah Woodsabout Abraham Lincolnand copies of several speeches delivered by Micajah Woods. These include an address to the Augusta Memorial Associationin Staunton, Virginia; "Woman and Vacation," which was delivered at the Albemarle Baptist Female Institutein 1890; an address he made at the 1895 Great Confederate Reunion in Lewisburg, West Virginia; the memo of a speech given before "colored people"; a speech to the Washington Society of the University of Virginia; and a copy of the address given by Woods before the Virginia State Bar Associationin 1909 entitled "The Necessity for General Culture in the Training of the Lawyer." Also included in the manuscripts section are two short biographical sketches of Micajah Woods, a Muster Roll of Jackson's Battery of Horse Artillery, and a ten-page statement dictated by General John Floyddetailing the acts of B. A. Witcherand his band of followers during the Civil War.

A four-page printed biographical sketch of Micajah Woodscan be found in the printed section along with several programs and memorials. The collection also includes nine scrapbooks primarily containing newspaper clippings, and dating from 1882 to 1926. One of the scrapbooks deals with the trial of ex- Charlottesvillemayor Samuel McCuefor the murder of his wife (at which Micajah Woodswas the prosecuting attorney). There is also a small collection of prints and memorabilia, principally related to the Civil War.

Organization

The collection is divided into four series: correspondence, manuscripts, printed material, and scrapbooks. The correspondence is arranged chronologically and is divided into two sections: general correspondence and correspondence regarding genealogy. Manuscripts include speeches, diaries, biographical sketches, genealogical notes, notes regarding the Civil War, and an account book. Manuscripts and printed material are arranged alphabetically. A small collection of prints and memorabilia appears at the end of the collection. A Masonic apron, and cat 30 Civil War medals were removed from the collection, and are stored elsewhere in the department. (Separation sheets have been filed for these items.) The letterbooks of Micajah Woods' law practice can be found in accession number 1444 and an additional scrapbook dated 1895-1902 can be found in accession number 1379.

Container List

General Correspondence
  • Box 1
    Correspondence re Pleasants-Ritchie Duel (1846)
    1847, 1887, 1897
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1851, 1855, ca. 1855
  • Box 1
    John R. Woods to Micajah Woods
    1854, 1855, 1859
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Micajah Woods and John and Sabina Woods
    1861 Mar-Oct
    2 folders
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1861-1864, ca. 1864
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Micajah Woods and John and Sabina Woods
    1862-1863
    5 folders
  • Box 1
    Correspondence and Papers re Execution of David S. Creigh (1864 June)
    1863-1865
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Micajah Woods and John and Sabina Woods
    1864
    2 folders
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1866-1892
    3 folders
  • Box 1
    Correspondence re Death of John Rodes Woods
    1885 July
  • Box 1
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1896-1899
  • Box 2
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1900
  • Box 2
    Correspondence re Portrait of Maud Woods
    1900-1901
  • Box 2
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1901
    3 folders
  • Box 2
    Correspondence re Masonic Apron belonging to Thomas Creigh
    1901
  • Box 2
    Correspondence re Edward Morris Woods
    1901-1908
  • Box 2
    Correspondence re Death of Sabina Lewis Stewart Creigh Woods
    1902 Nov
  • Box 2
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1902-1903
    2 folders
  • Box 2
    Correspondence re Jackson's Battery of Horse Artillery
    1903-1906, 1910
  • Box 2
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1904
    2 folders
  • Box 3
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1905-1908
    10 folders
  • Box 3
    Correspondence re Virginia Bar Association Meeting (1909 Aug 10-12)
    1908-1909
  • Box 3
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1909
    2 folders
  • Box 4
    Correspondence of Woods Family
    1910-1911, n. d.
    5 folders
Correspondence re Genealogy
  • Box 4
    Correspondence re Genealogy
    1881-1910, n. d.
    13 folders
Manuscripts
  • Box 5
    "Abraham Lincoln--An Estimate of Him" by Micajah Woods
    1909 Feb
  • Box 5
    Account Book of Micajah Woods
    1864
  • Box 5
    Biographical Sketch of Micajah Woods and Mary Watts Woods for Louisville Confederate Veterans Reunion
    1900 May 30-Jun 2
  • Box 5
    Biography of Micajah Woods
    1906
  • Box 5
    Certificates belonging to Micajah Woods
    1868, 1875
  • Box 5
    Class Notes: Senior Math and Tacitus Annales, Book III
    1862, 1866
  • Box 5
    Diary: "Sketches of the Campaign of General Floyd"
    1861
  • Box 5
    Diary of Micajah Woods
    1864
  • Box 5
    Last Order Given Lieutenant Micajah Woods During Civil War
    1865 Apr 14
  • Box 5
    "A list of my friends and relatives to write to if taken prisoner"
    ca. 1861-1864
  • Box 5
    "In Memory of Captain Micajah Woods" by Belle Wright
    [post 1911 Mar 14]
  • Box 5
    Muster Roll of Jackson's Battery of Horse Artillery
    ca. 1864
  • Box 5
    Notes re Genealogy
    1895, 1903, n. d.
    2 folders
  • Box 5
    Resolutions Passed by John Bowie Strange Camp Confederate Veterans
    1904 Jan 12
  • Box 5
    Speeches Delivered by Micajah Woods
    1883, 1890, 1892, ca. 1897, 1909, n. d.
  • Box 5
    "Statement of Outrages Committed by B. A. Witcher" dictated by General Floyd
    1863
  • Box 5
    Unsettled Claims of Warner Woods' Estate
    1910
  • Box 5
    Miscellaneous Notes
    1866, n. d.
Printed Material
  • Box 5
    Biographical Sketch of Micajah Woods
    n. d.
  • Box 5
    Newspaper Clippings
    1897, 1899, 1902, 1904
  • Box 5
    Programs and Memorials
    1897, 1899, 1902, 1903, 1905
  • Box 5
    6th Annual Reunion United Confederate Veterans
    1896
  • Box 5
    Virginia State Bar Association, including Speech Delivered by Micajah Woods
    1909 Aug 10-12
Miscellaneous
  • Prints of Micajah Woods
    ca. 1903
  • Memorabilia
    n.d.
Scrapbooks
  • 11 Scrapbooks, primarily containing newspaper clippings
    1882-1926

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • "Stonewall" Jackson
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • B. A. Witcher
  • David S. Creigh
  • Edward Morris
  • Edward Morris Woods
  • Edward Watts Morris
  • Frank Lupton
  • J. E. B. Stuart
  • John B. Floyd
  • John Floyd
  • John Rodes Woods
  • Lettie Page
  • Martin E. Rehfuss
  • Mary Watts
  • Matilda ("Tillie") Minor Morris
  • Matilda ("Tillie") Minor Morris
  • Matilda (Maud) Coleman
  • Matilda E. Coleman
  • Maud Coleman Woods
  • Micajah Woods
  • Sabina Lewis Stewart Creigh
  • Sabina Lewis Stewart Creigh Woods
  • Sallie Stuart
  • Samuel McCue
  • William James Rucker

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Albemarle County, Virginia
  • Buffalo
  • Charlottesville
  • Cold Harbor
  • Crampton's Gap
  • Fisher's Hill
  • Gettysburg
  • Hanover County, Virginia
  • Ivy Depot
  • Kentucky
  • Lewisburg, West Virginia
  • Lynchburg
  • Manassas
  • Monocacy
  • New Market
  • Port Republic
  • Sharpsburg
  • Staunton, Virginia
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia