A Guide to the Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913 Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913 Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-001-1913-057

A Guide to the Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index: Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-001-1913-057


Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
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© 2017 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: LVA staff

The Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index
Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-001-1913-057
Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913
Physical Characteristics
Digital images
Danville (Va.) Circuit Court
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Patrons are to use digital images of Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes found on the Chancery Records Index available electronically at the website of the Library of Virginia.

Preferred Citation

Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913. (Cite style of suit and chancery index no.). Local Government Records Collection, Danville Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

Digital images were generated by Backstage Library Works through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.

Historical Information

Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.

Danville, in Pittsylvania County, was named for the Dan River on which the city is located. Danville was established in 1793, was incorporated as a town in 1830, and became a city in 1890. The town of North Danville, incorporated in 1877 and renamed Neopolis in 1894, was added in 1896.

Scope and Content

Danville (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1842-1913, are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed.

Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history.


Organized by case, of which each is assigned a unique index number comprised of the latest year found in case and a sequentially increasing 3-digit number assigned by the processor as cases for that year are found. Arranged chronologically.

Arrangement of documents within each folder are as follows: Bill, Answer, and Final Decree (if found.)

Related Material

Additional Danville Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. See A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.

Separated Material

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Danville (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans--History.
  • Business enterprises--Virginia--Danville.
  • Debt--Virginia--Danville.
  • Divorce suits--Virginia--Danville.
  • Equity--Virginia--Danville.
  • Estates (Law)--Virginia--Danville.
  • Land subdivision--Virginia--Danville.
  • Slaves--Virginia--Danville.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Danville (Va.)--Genealogy.
  • Danville (Va.)--History.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Chancery causes--Virginia--Danville.
  • Deeds--Virginia--Danville.
  • Judicial records--Virginia--Danville.
  • Land records--Virginia--Danville.
  • Local government records--Virginia--Danville.
  • Plats--Virginia--Danville.
  • Wills--Virginia--Danville.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Danville (Va.)--Genealogy.
  • Danville (Va.)--History.