A Guide to the Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1864 Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865 1048530

A Guide to the Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1048530


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Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1048530
Title
Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865
Physical Characteristics
0.10 cu. ft.
Collector
Giles County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865. Local government records collection, Giles County (Va.) Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from Giles County.


Historical Information

Giles County was named for William Branch Giles, United States senator from Virginia in 1806 when the county was created from Montgomery, Monroe (now in West Virginia), and Tazewell Counties. Several subsequent additions were made from Wythe (1808), Monroe in 1829 and Mercer in 1841 (both now in West Virginia), Craig (1880), and Tazewell (1826 and 1836) Counties. The county seat is Pearisburg.

Throughout the Civil War, the principal responsibility for Virginia's indigent soldiers' families lay with the locality. The Virginia State Convention in 1861 gave the responsibility entirely to counties and incorporated towns and authorized whatever actions had already been taken. Acts of Assembly in 1862 and 1863 expanded the localities' powers to provide for their needy, and in 1863 some minimal state assistance was added in. At first relief was provided as money, but as the monetary system collapsed, relief was distributed in kind. Agents of the court maintained lists of eligible families, gathered goods for distribution and paid for them, and impressed supplies if necessary. Virginia was unique amongst the southern states in that it assigned the provisioning of needy families almost solely to the locality.

Scope and Content

Giles County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1861-1865, records names of the soldiers and family members, number of children per family, the amount of money or provisions provided to each family and for what use. The reports record that funds were to be used for provisions, shoes and clothing.

Arrangement

Chronological.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Giles County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • Families of military personnel--Virginia--Giles County
  • Poor--Virginia--Giles County
  • Tax collection--Virginia--Giles County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Giles County (Va.)--History--19th century
  • Giles County (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Accounts--Virginia--Giles County
  • Local government records--Virginia--Giles County
  • Reports--Virginia--Giles County

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Giles County (Va.)--History--19th century
  • Giles County (Va.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865