A Guide to the Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955 Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955 50572

A Guide to the Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Accession number 50572


[logo]

Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
USA
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2012 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Sarah Nerney

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Accession number:
50572
Title
Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955
Physical Characteristics
5 cu. ft. (5 boxes and 21 volumes)
Collector
Hampton (Va.) Circuit Court.
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

For those items on microfilm, the original will not be served and patron must use the microfilm.

Preferred Citation

Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955. Local government records collection, Hampton (City) Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

This item came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Hampton under the accession number 50572.


Historical Information

Elizabeth City County (extinct) was named for Elizabeth, daughter of James I, and was one of the eight shires established in 1634. It became extinct in 1952, when it was incorporated into the city of Hampton, which was the county seat.

Hampton was located in Elizabeth City County, which is now extinct. It takes its name from the Hampton Creek, earlier called Southampton River in honor of the earl of Southampton, an important figure in the Virginia Company of London. An Indian village stood on the site in 1607, when John Smith visited the area. The English established a village there in 1601 and a trading post in 1630. Hampton was established by an act of assembly in 1680 and was designated as a port in 1708. It was first incorporated as a town in 1849, then it was incorporated again in 1852, but the act of incorporation was repealed in 1860. The General Assembly again incorporated the town of Hampton in 1887, and it became a city by court order in 1908. It was greatly enlarged in 1952 by a merger with Elizabeth City County and the town of Phoebus; the county and town thereby became extinct.

The Junior Order of United American Mechanics was founded in 1853 as a fraternal and political secret society. Insurance was added later. If the order is still extant, it is probably only at a local lodge level. The full title of the governing body was the National Council of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics of the United States of North America, Inc. Founded as the Union of Workers in Philadelphia in 1845 by a group of working men, their aims were to stop immigration, especially Catholic immigration, and to provide the usual mid-19th-century benefits of a sick fund and a funeral fund. Members were required to undertake efforts to publicize and campaign against the hiring of cheap foreign labor and to patronize only "American" businesses. It changed its name to the Order of United American Mechanics shortly after its foundation. Membership was open only to native-born white American men who professed belief in a supreme being, supported the separation of church and state, and were not engaged in the liquor trade. In 1853, the O.U.A.M. authorized a junior lodge, to be called the J.O.U.A.M. The J.O.U.A.M. soon outgrew the parent organization, which it absorbed some time after declaring its independence from them in 1885. Eventually the organization also admitted women in their own right, though there was also a short-lived women's auxiliary, which was founded in 1875. After the 1840s and 1850s, which were the high point of xenophobic nativist parties in the United States, the J.O.U.A.M. settled down more and more into a conventional fraternal benefit society. In addition to very modest fraternal benefits and dues, the J.O.U.A.M. also operated a legal reserve insurance department, which had been in operation since 1899.

Records were burned or destroyed during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Additional records were burned in Richmond on 3 April 1865, where they had been moved for safekeeping during the Civil War. A few pre-Civil War volumes such as deed books, will books, and order books exist.

Scope and Content

Hampton (Va.) Records, 1659-1955, consist of 21 volumes of Hampton and Elizabeth City County records including court minutes and orders, deed and will books, naturalization petitions, World War II induction and discharge records, record of those adjudged insane, convict register, 1880 census, and voter registration; and loose records including plats, chancery causes, Democratic Executive Committee of Elizabeth City County records, World War I History Commission reports and military service records, Board of Supervisor records including Jamestown Exposition correspondence, certificates for allowance for Confederate reunion attendees, and a memorial to the General Assembly inquiring into taxation status of Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, bonds/commissions/oaths, clerk's correspondence, judgments, fiduciary records, deeds, wills, marriage records, rosters of Confederate pensioners, George Booker's application for a federal pardon, organization records for the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, road and bridge records, tax and fiscal records, public buildings and grounds records including specifications for the 1876 courthouse, a copy of an Act to provide a new charter for the town of Hampton, and correspondence related to potential post office changes in Hampton and Phoebus in 1952.

Related Material

See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.

See the Lost Records Localities Digital Collection available at Virginia Memory.

For more information and a listing of lost records localities see Lost Records research note.

Separated Material


Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Democratic Party (Va.)
  • Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Va.)
  • Jamestown Ter-centennial Exposition (1907)
  • Junior Order United American Mechanics Peninsula Council no. 125 (Hampton, Va.)
  • Subjects:

  • African American universities and colleges -- Virginia.
  • Exhibitions. -- Virginia.
  • Friendly societies -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Public buildings. -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Public records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Reunions.
  • Veterans -- Confederate States of America.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Elizabeth City County (Va.) -- History.
  • Hampton (Va.) -- History.
  • Hampton (Va.) -- Politics and government.
  • Virginia -- Politics -- 20th century.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Census records -- Virginia -- Elizabeth City County.
  • Civil court records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Fiduciary records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Letters (correspondence) -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Marriage records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Military records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Minute books -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Naturalization records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Order books -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Pardons -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Plats (land) -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Plats (maps) -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Road and bridge records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Tax and fiscal records -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Voters' lists -- Virginia -- Hampton.
  • Wills -- Virginia -- Hampton.

Contents List

Barcode number 0007386967: Deeds and Wills, 1723-1730; Ejectments, 1736-1770.

Deeds and wills part includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 5.

Barcode number 0007386879: Will of Thomas Eaton etc, 1659.

Torn from an original record book; contains the end of a deed and start of another will. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 27.

Barcode number 0007386887: Deeds Wills etc, 1689-1699.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records, chancery commissioner's reports, orders. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 1.

Barcode number 0007386979: Deeds Wills Inventories and Orders, 1715-1821.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 3.

Barcode number 0007386874: Orders, 1723-1729.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 5.

Barcode number 0007386867: Order Book, 1731-1747.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 17.

Barcode number 0007386956: Deeds and Wills; Bonds etc, 1737-1756.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records, bonds. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 6.

Barcode number 0007386901: Order Book, 1747-1755.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 17.

Barcode number 0007386870: Minutes, 1756-1760.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 18.

Barcode number 0007386878: Deeds and Wills vol. E, 1758-1764.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records, chancery commissioner's reports. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 6.

Barcode number 0007386873: Court Record, 1760-1769.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 18.

Barcode number 0007386945: Deeds and Wills vol. F, 1764-1771.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records, chancery commissioner's reports. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 6.

Barcode number 0007386953: Deed Book 34, 1791-1800.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records, bonds. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 7.

Barcode number 0007386935: Deeds and Wills, 1800-1806.

Includes wills, deeds, fiduciary records. Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 8.

Barcode number 0007386948: Order Book, 1798-1802.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 19.

Barcode number 0007386865: Deeds vol. 38, 1825-1831.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 10.

Barcode number 0007387385: Deeds, 1854-1855.

Use microfilm, Elizabeth City County (Va.) Reel 27.

Barcode number 0007387386: Census Book of 1880, 1880.
Barcode number 0007386895: Criminal Register, 1895-1935.

Register of convicted felons.

Barcode number 0007386978: Record of Persons Adjudged Insane, 1901-1936; 1954
Barcode number 0007386970: General Registration, 1902-1909.

Register of voters.

Barcode number 0007386883: General Registration, 1902-1916.

Register of voters.

Barcode number 0007387353: Plats and aerial photographs, 1906-1955 ca.

Register of voters.

Barcode number 0007386896: Military Petitions vol. 1, 1918.

Naturalization petitions of soldiers.

Barcode number 0007387351: World War I History Commission reports and military service records, 1919-1920.
Barcode number 0007386927: World War II Induction and Discharge Records, 1942-1945
Barcode number 0007387352: Democratic Executive Committee of Elizabeth City County records, 1943-1953 ca.
Barcode number 0007387347: Chancery Causes: Pioneer Lodge No. 1 A.F. & A.M. Masons of Hampton VA and Golden Leaf Chapter No. 6 Order of Easter Star (Formerly Prince Hall Chapter No. 6) vs. Pioneer Lodge No. 314, 1954 ca.

Includes two published works as exhibits: _Text Book for Virginia Masons 1946_ and _Negro Masonry in the United States_.

Barcode number 0007387348: Records, 1770-1952.

Includes Board of Supervisors Records: memorial to General Assembly inquiring on taxation clarification for Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (1878); Jamestown Exhibition correspondence (1907); certificates for allowance for Confederate reunions (1913-1924); Bonds/Commissions/Oaths (1770; 1865); Court Records: clerk's correspondence (1837, 1885, 1916, n.d.); committee to investigate the county finances (1879); ex parte petition of School Board for land sale (1924); judgments: David Brodie vs. Matthew Hubbard in ejectment (1834 ca.); judgments (1779-1861); U.S. District Court confiscation suit vs. W. R. Vaughan (1864); Fiduciary Records (1815-1921, n.d.); Land Records: deeds (1821-1851); survey (1850); Marriage Records: minister's certificate for Fowler R. Smith to Angelina Carver in 1852(1867); Military and Pension Records: rosters of Confederate pensioners (1913, 1914, 1925); Miscellaneous Records: George Booker's application for a federal pardon because he was a Confederate (1871); speech to Retail Merchants' Association of Elizabeth City County (n.d.); Organization Records: Junior Order of United American Mechanics records (1912-1920); Public Buildings and Grounds Records, including 1876 specifications for the courthouse (1844-1884, n.d.); Road and Bridge Records (1877-1918); Tax and Fiscal Records; ordinary license for Thomas Wootten (n.d. but 1700s ca.); Wills: A copy of the last will and testament of Thomas Eaton, Esq (1659) including original and photostat copy; will of Benjamin Syms, 1634 (1715, date of copy) photostat; wills (1821-1885); Act to provide a new charter for the town of Hampton (n.d.); correspondence regarding potential post office changes for Hampton and Phoebus (1952).

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Elizabeth City County (Va.) -- History.
  • Hampton (Va.) -- History.
  • Hampton (Va.) -- Politics and government.
  • Virginia -- Politics -- 20th century.