A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index: Fluvanna County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1779-001-1882-001
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Processed by: Catherine OBrion
There are no restrictions.
Patrons are to use digital images of Fluvanna County (Va.) Chancery Causes found on the Chancery Records Index available electronically at the website of the Library of Virginia.
Fluvanna County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1779-1882 (bulk 1796-1873). (Cite style of suit and chancery index no.). Local Government Records Collection, Fluvanna County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.
Digital images were generated by Backstage Library Works through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.
Fluvanna County takes its name from an eighteenth-century designation of the upper James River. The name, meaning river of Anne, was originally bestowed in honor of Queen Anne of England. The county was formed from Albemarle County in 1777. The county seat is Palmyra.
Fluvanna County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1779-1882 (bulk 1796-1873) are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed.
Chancery causes are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history.
Organized by case, of which each is assigned a unique index number comprised of the latest year found in case and a sequentially increasing 3-digit number assigned by the processor as cases for that year are found. Arranged chronologically.
Additional Fluvanna County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. See A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm
See the Chancery Records Index to find the chancery records of additional Virginia localities.
- Fluvanna County (Va.) Circuit Court.
- African Americans--History
- Business enterprises--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Debt--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Divorce suits--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Equity--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Estates (Law)--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Free African Americans--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Land subdivision--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Slavery (Fluvanna County, Va.) -- History.
- Fluvanna County (Va.)--Genealogy.
- Fluvanna County (Va.)--History.
- Chancery causes--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Deeds--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Judicial records--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Land records--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Local government records--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Plats--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
- Wills--Virginia--Fluvanna County.
Genre and Form Terms:
Destitute widow suing for access to dower land from her husband's estate; claims her husband gave the land to Pleasants before he died, and Pleasants sold it; but she never relinquished her dower rights to it.
The bill describes an agreement between the mother of the bride and the father of the groom whereby the father of the groom agreed to give the bride two young enslaved girls if she would marry his son. After they were married, the father-in-law offered to keep the children until they were old enough for service. He has died, and now the son and daughter-in-law are trying to get the two slaves from the executors of his estate.
Heirs challenge a bequest of an enslaved woman and her increase; claim benefactor was not mentally competent.
Dispute over the depreciation of paper currency.
Dispute over terms of a contract to hire a slave; plaintiff claims slave ran away and lost time; defendant claims he didn't.
Bill concerns debt acquired while gaming when drunk.
Lawyer suing to collect debt from client.
Haden is suing in chancery to overturn a verdict on the law side, in which Jefferson collected a debt owed him for legal services in 1772, 1773, and 1774. The case also involves Edmund Randolph and Thomas Garth.
Bill describes dispute over a contract to deliver wheat to the James River canal landing in Richmond.
Contract dispute; bill of complaint filed by overseer for payment; defendant claims he didn't fulfill his terms of the contract.
Dispute over value of a castrated horse; castrated because of complaints of neighbors that he was a nuisance.
Contract dispute over purchase of land in Kentucky.
Dispute over agreement to serve as Deputy Sheriff and divide profits of the office of sheriff.
Plaintiff describes going to the western country to join the western army.
Case concerns flour milling and Richmond merchants Galt and Gamble.
Case concerns dispute of fees charged by two physicians.
Plaintiff hired to act as overseer for a plantation in Fluvanna County superintended by Price, and owned by David Ross.
Williamson volunteered to serve, and died, in the "late rebellion in the Northern people" in 1794, probably the Whiskey Rebellion.
Suit concerns a partnership in a mercantile store at Old Ferry, circa 1780-1781; a house at Point of Fork; business interests in Richmond and Petersburg, a schoolmaster to the Cary family in Fluvanna County, the mental health of an African American woman, Mary, and the murder of an enslaved man by another enslaved man. Ross' answer includes details about his business with McLauchlan in the town of Columbia in the 1790s and early 1800s, and copies of letters about the business.
Bill describes gaming in Charlotesville; faro, drunkenness, losing money.
Case involves purchase of slaves by a slave-trading firm, Peyton and Price.
Case involves dispute over whether to sell a woman and her six children together or not. A deposition contains a description of a slave sale, called a crying. The case pertains to debts owed to David Ross.
Case contains a 1725 patent and a List of Land in Fluvanna County in 1796, listing who owned what land in the county. The case has to do with title to lands of British subjects escheated by Act of the Commonwealth in 1779.
Case contains a bill of sale for the sale of Robin and his wife Hannah.
Bill and answer give detailed description of a sharecropping lease agreement for the cultivation of tobacco.
Case includes detailed division of land and slaves of Joseph Haden, prominent Fluvanna citizen.
Case involves a contract dispute over the hire of an enslaved waterman; bill and answer describe the terms of the contract.
Dispute between partners; Peyton sues for wages as an agent for Peyton and Price.
One of many cases in which a death precedes sale of slaves.
Dispute over contract to hire slaves from the state of John Haden, deceased. Bill and answer give information about how costs and charges of lost time; includes a letter offering a price for the hire of two men.
Case shows the migration of Lyne family to Tennessee.
Contract dispute over an agreement to build a kitchen and a smokehouse.
Contract dispute over the purchase of a horse from a femme sole.
Contract dispute over the purchase of eight lots in the town of Columbia.
Freedom suit; no final decree. The plaintiff and others freed by the will of John Peyton had been enjoying their freedom for several years when Alexander Crawford sued to collect a debt on the estate. The Exrs. of Peyton are threatening to sell Samuel Peyton to pay it. No final decree. Related to 1832-008, Elijah May vs. Exr. of John Peyton. ; see also 1832-009, Mary Duncan vs. Exr. of John Peyton.
Bill describes a business partnership among three partners involving an overseers, slaves, and farming tobacco in Goochland County. Each partner provided three hands, provisions, and two horses, all to be under the direction of the plaintiff; includes a copy of the agreement, accounts and several depositions describing the farming operation.
Plaintiff trying to prevent the sale of slaves Daniel and wife Patt for debts.
Contract dispute for bricklaying work for mercantile business.
The plaintiff alleges fraud in sale of an enslaved boy to pay a debt in 1816, when the boy was already sold to a firm in the town of Columbia. Plaintiff sues to recover the boy.
Dispute involving construction of a dam at White Rock.
Case involves accusation of fraud against a slave trader who purchased a slave in Norfolk. Documents describe treatment of slave, suspected poor treatment, hunger, illness.
Dispute between partners in a mercantile business in Columbia.
Case concerns an annuity and the division of the dower slaves owned by Cary's widow in Virginia and Tennessee. Heirs have migrated to Tennessee, Mississippi, and New Orleans.
One brother charges another brother with taking advantage of a third brother, who was mentally imcompetent, in the management of that brother's slaves.
Plaintiff is trying to collect money ($600) she loaned her father; she earned the money from working as a school-mistress before she was married. Peyton is one of her father's creditors; he sold a slave to her father.
The bill discusses a business selling tobacco on the New York market and in Richmond and a store in the town of Columbia.
Case describes plans to hire an enslaved man, George, and use the profits from his labor to educate an heir to the estate.
Case concerns a marriage contract setting aside slaves and other property in trust for the exclusive use of Sarah.
Suit includes an 1840 letter from Crawford County, Arkansas, to someone in Kentucky, describint land, farming, and politics, including Van Buren's candidacy.
Case concerns provisions made in a will for Jack, who was enslaved, to have the proceeds of his own labor and the support of the family when he was no longer able to work.
Plat showing the division of land includes a small sketch of the two-story mansion house.
Plaintiff petitions for permission to sell a slave the laintiff believes to have been involved with the murder of her husband.
Case documents how a widow administered and managed an estate of 1,000 acres and 15-18 slaves until her children were grown.
Dispute over authorization to treat slaves with numerous costly medicines. Plaintiff is the physician who was asked to treat the slaves.
Estate dispute over Carysbrook estate.
Case contains deed, articles of agreement for a packet boat business.
Woman suing for separate maintenance in addition to the property (3 slaves) that was set aside for her under the terms of a marriage agreement.
Case involves efforts to avoid sale of slaves, migration to Mississippi. Sales inherited from estate in Spostsylvania County.
Widow renounces her husband's will, and migrates to Ohio. Case also involves hiring out of slaves.
Case contains two letters, 1844 and 1850; 1850 letter describes agricultural conditions in Limestone County, Alabama in 1850; 1844 letter mentions Yazoo City, Mississippi.
Plaintiffs seek to sell the widow's dower slaves and provide for her maintenance, because she's no longer able to manage the estate effectively. Contains family correspondence.
Plaintiffs seek permission to sell a slave "in consequence of [her] bad and tricky character" , and her three children, one of whom is a "cripple for life." Petitioner argues the slaves are unprofitable to heirs.
Will includes provisions to respect slave marriages; Suit contains blunt langage describing slave children as assets. Plaintiffs "sincerely believe that their interests would be promoted by changing or converting the said boys Patteson and Thomas into a small farm as a home for your respondents." . Plaintiffs petition to sell children of a slave for the benefit of the heirs. There is a request in the will for slave Dinah, "who has a husband in the neighbourhood should be sold by my executors privately. . . to some humane master, convenient to her husband" Also Peter and Rosanna, who are also "married in the neighborhood."
Report of sale of slaves includes ages of slaves.
Estate consists of a land warrant for 80 acres for military service of Samuel Clarke, granted him by act of the General Assembly, 1856.
Plaintiff's mother was the widow of Benjamin Mayo, a private in the Revolutionary War. She received land for a pension in 1856.
Marriage Contract includes names and ages of slaves, brought from Isle of Wight County, that are set aside as bride's property.
Suit for separation.
Will of John Haden, 1820, lists slaves, including Jack, a shoemaker.
Depositions include detailed testimony about conditions of slaves, their children, and hiring out.
1830 will of Polly Woodson provides for the will of older servant, Linney.
Plaintiffs accuse defendant of trying to sell enslaved people loaned to her as dower slaves.
Purchase of slaves by a busness, Union Manufacturing Co.
Suit concerns a bequest in the will of Booth Woodson to education poor children of Goochland County. Also contains a reference to an enslaved person's mental illness.