A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index: Surry County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1785-001-1922-001
Library of VirginiaThe Library of Virginia
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© 2011 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.
Processed by: Louise Jones
There are no restrictions.
Patrons are to use digital images of Surry County (Va.) Chancery Causes found on the Chancery Records Index available electronically at the website of the Library of Virginia.
Surry County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1785-1922 (bulk 1806-1912). (Cite style of suit and chancery index no.). Local Government Records Collection, Surry County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.
Digital images were generated by Backstage Library Works through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.
Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.
Surry County was named for the county of Surrey in England, and was formed from James City County in 1652. The county seat is Surry.
Surry County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1785-1922 (bulk 1806-1912), are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed.
Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history.
Additional Surry County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm.
See the Chancery Records Index found on the Library of Virginia web site for the chancery records of other Virginia localities.
Surry County is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Surry County Court Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Collection at the Library of Virginia. Search the Lost Records Localities Database found at the Library of Virginia web site.
- Surry County (Va.) Circuit Court.
- African Americans -- History.
- Business enterprises. -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Debt -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Divorce suits -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Equity -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Estates (Law) -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Surry County (Va.) -- Genealogy.
- Surry County (Va.) -- History.
- Chancery causes -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Deeds -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Judicial records -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Land records -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Local government records -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Plats -- Virginia -- Surry County.
- Wills -- Virginia -- Surry County.
Genre and Form Terms:
Cause was filed in 1796. Origin of the dispute dates back to 1772. John Hay and Company owned a store in the town of Cobham.
An estate settlement suit that includes significant genealogical information.
At the center of the dispute was the sell of a slave named Tempe and her children that took place in 1835. Testimony details Tempe's family relationships.
A divorce suit. Enna and Joseph were married on Sept. 23, 1862. Joseph served in a cavalry unit attached to the 13th Virginia Regiment. He was on a short furlough at the time of the wedding. His wife accuesed him of deserting her and deserting his unit.
Divorce suit. Both were slaves and lived together as a married couple during the Civil War. In 1866, they registered with the federal military authority as husband and wife at the Surry County courthouse. The couple registered as Hemmings in their marriage record.
Divorce suit. Both were slaves and lived together as a married couple during the Civil War. In 1866, they registered with the federal military authority as husband and wife at the Surry County courthouse. According to one deponent, Tom joined the Union forces in 1864 and returned home in November 1865.
John E. Burt wrote a letter giving his opinion of the education students receive at the Virginia Military Institute. He wants his sons to attend VMI. The letter is Exhibit B in this cause
Estate dispute. Mrs. Fitchett in her 1863 will freed her slaves and said to send them to Liberia. The slaves remained in Virginia during the Civil War. After the war, Mrs. Fitchett's heirs and former slaves sued to receive their legacies from her will. The former slaves also received their part of the sale of the real estate formerly owned by Mrs. Fitchett.