A Guide to the Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1776 Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1776 1104234

A Guide to the Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1776

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number: 1104234


Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
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Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
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Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2009 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

The Library of Virginia
Barcode number
Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1799
Physical Characteristics
1 negative photostatic volume (401 leaves)
Augusta County (Va.) Circuit Court.
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1776. Local government records collection, Augusta County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia 23219.

Acquisition Information

The original papers (items) were lent ot the Virginia State Library in August 1967.

The negative photostatic volume was created by the Virginia State Library's (now the Library of Virginia)Archives Division, under the accession number 26980, from the original papers.

Historical Information

Augusta County was formed from Orange County by a statute of 1738 that stipulated that when the population was large enough the new county government would begin to function. The county court first met on 9 December 1745. The county was named for Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, who married Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales, and was the mother of King George III.

"Presiding over the county court was a bench of Justices of the Peace appointed by the governor of the colony. The sheriff, who was also a justice, was presiding officer and chief administrator. The clerk of the court kept minutes of the proceedings in court order books. The county court tried all civil cases above the precinct level, and all criminal cases except felonies and those carrying the death penalty for white persons." In effect, the county court directed all aspects of county affairs both from a judicial and adminstrative standpoint. The entire history of this court is noted in this historic volume.

Local taxes were assessed in pounds of tobacco on the head tax basis, called tithes or tithable. The term "tithable" referred to a person who paid (or for whom someone else paid) on of the taxes imposed by the General Assembly for the support of civil government in the colony. In colonial Virginia, a poll tax or capitation tax was assessed on free white males, African American slaves, and Native American servants (both male and female), all age sixteen or older.

Apprentice indentures are bonds and contracts showing the names of the master and apprentice, the trade to be taught, details of the contract, amount of the bond and names of the sureties.

The original records, from which this volume was compiled, were created by the County Court.

Scope and Content

Augusta County (Va.) Court Papers, 1745-1776, is a volume comprised of individual items noted in other county records such as a minute book, will books (volumes 1-4) and order books (volumes 1-16.) The volume reflects the wide range of subjects covered by the county court (in its executive capacity) during this time including accounts, bonds, road petitions and overseer appointments, tithable lists, exemptions from taxes, unclaimed land and land alterations, agricultural subsidies, indentured servants, apprentice indentures, mill petitions, inquisitions, bills of sale for slaves and the only surviving marriage consent (1751). Each individual item is identified by both a section and individual item number--hand numbered prior to creating the photostatic volume. For reference purposes only, the items are separated into two volumes. The first volume is comprised of sections 1-7 and the second volume is comprised of sections 8-14.

An overview in the front of the volume notes the subjects covered by each section and the volume number. Each section is broken down into item number, date of item, source of item and description of item. The back of items are noted with a letter b. Items appear in this volume that were previously unrecorded. The volume also cites the abstract work of Judge Lyman Chalkley as he referenced a number of these early items in his three volume work on the "Records of Augusta County, 1745-1800." His abstracts were purchased by the DAR in 1905. The volume dates from the meeting of the first county court, 9 December 1745 until the official year of independence from mother England, 4 July 1776.

Related Material

Additional Augusta County Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm"

Consult Lyman Chalkley's "Records of Augusta County, Virginia, 1745-1800, 3 vols., 1965" found in the Library of Virginia's book collection.

For an excellent overview of the early court system, consult "A History of Early Spotsylvania" by James Roger Mansfield, pages 103-106 found in the Library of Virginia's book collection.

Separated Material

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Augusta County (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • Apprentices--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Chattel mortgages--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Coroners--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Courts--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Ferries--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Hemp--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Illegitimate children--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Indentured servants--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Land value taxation--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Marriage--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Personal property--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Prisoners--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Public records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Racially mixed people--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Sheriffs--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Slaves--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Tax collection--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Taxation of personal property-Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Augusta County (Va.)--History--18th century.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Accounts--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Bills of sale--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Bonds (legal records)--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Commissions (permissions)--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Contracts--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Deeds--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Gifts--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Judicial records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Land records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Local government records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Marriage consents--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Marriage records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Medical records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Minute books--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Order books--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Petitions--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Road and bridge records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Tax records--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Tithable lists--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Will books--Virginia--Augusta County.
  • Added Entry - Corporate Name:

  • Augusta County (Va.) County Court.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Augusta County (Va.)--History--18th century.