A Guide to the Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970 Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970 1184542-1184550, 1184553

A Guide to the Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers 1184542-1184550, 1184553


Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2008 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Autumn Simpson

The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1184542-1184550, 1184553
Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970 (bulk 1933-1934)
Physical Characteristics
4.15 cubic feet (10 boxes)
Mathews County (Va.) Circuit Court
State Records Center - Archives Annex, Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions

Preferred Citation

Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970. Local government records collection, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

This collection was given to The Library of Virginia by the Mathews County (Va.) Circuit Court, on January 14, 1983.

Historical Information

Mathews County was named for Thomas Mathews, of Norfolk, the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1790 when the county was formed from Gloucester County.

Swiss businessman, Henri Dunant, founded the Red Cross after witnessing a battle in Northern Italy in 1859. Dunant wished to begin an organization which would care for the sick and wounded in battle. In 1864, the Geneva Convention established the International Committee of the Red Cross and in 1901 Dunant received the first Nobel Peace Prize. In 1881, Clara Barton established the American Red Cross to aid in domestic relief efforts due to disaster. The Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Chapter was organized May 12, 1917 with Mrs. Robert Hoskins as chairman; Miss Alice Healy, Secretary; and W. B. Smith, Treasurer.

The Chesapeake-Potomac Hurricane hit Mathews County, Virginia on August 23rd, 1933, causing catastrophic damage. The storm was first noticed when it was east of the Windward Islands. By August 18th, the tropical storm was 900 miles east of Puerto Rico and within 150 miles of Bermuda, on August 21st it became a hurricane. On August 23rd at 9:20AM, the storm changed track and passed over Norfolk, Virginia and moved north. A second hurricane hit the mid-Atlantic just over a week later. The 1933 hurricane season left a destructive path all the way into Pennsylvania and remained the worst series of storms on record until Hurricane Isabel in 2003.

Most records were burned in Richmond on 3 April 1865, where they had been moved for safekeeping during the Civil War.

Scope and Content

Mathews County (Va.) Red Cross Records, 1933-1934, 1950-1970, record the Mathews County Chapter's history through financial documentation, donation information, meeting notes and various records of relief distribution. The bulk of the records (1933-1934) relate to relief efforts after the Chesapeake-Potomac Hurricane hit Mathews County. Hurricane related records include merchant accounts and reimbursements, dwelling repairs - approved and disapproved, committee meeting minutes, a storm log, correspondence, warehouse invoices, dwelling repair plans, etc.

The bulk of the collection consists of disaster registration and redistribution cards, 1933-1934. The records are arranged alphabetically by surname of relief recipient. Information recorded in the disaster registration cards includes location of disaster relief operation; family surname; names and ages of family members; race; owner or renter of dwelling; predisaster address; current address; items needed (clothing, food, shelter, transportation, medical care, etc.) Should the request have been deemed valid by the Red Cross representative, a disaster redistribution card was filed with the disaster registration card listing the quantity and type of relief items the family received.


Arranged chronologically by year and then alphabetical by surname.

Related Material

Additional Mathews County Court Records can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm"

See the Lost Records Localities Digital Collection available at Virginia Memory.

For more information and a listing of lost records localities see Lost Records research note.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Mathews County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Red Cross and Red Crescent-- Virginia --Mathews County
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History -- 20th century
  • Associations, institutions, etc. -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Disaster Relief
  • Dry-goods -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • General stores -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Hurricanes -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Merchants -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Meteorology -- Observations -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Weather
  • Geographical Names:

  • Mathews County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Accounts -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Letters (correspondence) -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Minutes -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Notes -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Registration (information handling) -- Virginia -- Mathews County
  • Added Entry - Personal Name:

  • Reverend C.E Otey