A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815 Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815 1182759

A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number: 1182759


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© 2011 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Sam Walters

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode number
1182759
Title
Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815
Physical Characteristics
0.1 cu. ft.
Collector
Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Collection closed for reformating.

Preferred Citation

Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815. Local government records collection, Northumberland County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Northumberland County under the accession number 43283.


Historical Information

Due to various grievences such as the impressment of American sailors into the British Navy, the United States government declared war on Great Britian in June 1812. In December 1814, the United States and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Ghent which was ratified by Congress in February 1815 and officially ended the war.

As part of this treaty, England agreed to turn over to their American owners those slaves who had escaped to or been taken by British forces during the war. However, instead of returning these individuals, the British government eventually chose to monetarily compensate the slave owners.

Northumberland County probably was named for the English county. It was formed about 1645 from the district of Chickacoan, the early-seventeenth-century name for the region between the Potomac and the Rappahannock rivers.

Scope and Content

Northumberland County (Va.) Citizens' Claims of Property Lost to British Army, 1815, includes inventories made by citizens of Northumberland County that record a listing of the slaves they claimed were taken by the British military between 1812 and 1814. Information found in the inventories include the slaves' names, value, age, occupation, date they escaped or were taken, and name of the individual making the claim.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Personal property -- Virginia -- Northumberland County.
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History -- War of 1812
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Claims -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Northumberland County

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History -- War of 1812