A Guide to the Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898) Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898) 1050428-1050430, 1050432-1050437, 1133884, 1133887-1133891, 1138007

A Guide to the Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898)

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1050428-1050430, 1050432-1050437, 1133884, 1133887-1133891, 1138007


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© 2007 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1050428-1050430, 1050432-1050437, 1133884, 1133887-1133891, 1138007
Title
Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898)
Physical Characteristics
7.65 cu. ft. (17 boxes)
Collector
Lancaster County (Va.) Circuit Court
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898). Local Government Records Collection, Lancaster County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in transfers of court papers from Lancaster County.


Historical Information

Lancaster County was named for the English county. It was formed from Northumberland and York Counties in 1651.

Scope and Content

Lancaster County (Va.) Deeds, 1656-1914 (bulk 1833-1898) consist of deeds of bargain and sale, deeds of gift, mortgages, and deeds of trust. On presentation to the court, deeds were proved and recorded. If the deed was not witnessed, the grantor acknowledged the deed in open court. A few of the deeds include plats. Except for a few years early in the eighteenth century, slaves in Virginia were considered personal property and consequently were not usually sold by deed. However, they were often transferred in deeds of gift or were the property listed in mortgages and deeds of trust.

Deeds of bargain and sale are the most commonly recorded deed in which one individual sells property, usually land, but occasionally personal property, to another individual. Such deeds show the names of the grantor and grantee, the residence of both parties, a description of what is being sold, the consideration (or price), the location of the tract of land, the tract's boundaries, and any limitations on the property being sold. The deed was signed by the grantor, and possibly his wife or anyone else having a claim to the property, and by at least two witnesses. Appended to the deed may be a memorandum of livery of seisin, stating that the property has changed hands and that peaceful possession has taken place.

Deeds of gift are often found transferring property, either real or personal, from one individual to another "for love and affection." The degree of kinship, if any, between the grantor and grantee is sometimes stated.

Mortgages and deeds of trust were deeds where one party is indebted to another and transfers or mortgages property to a third party to secure the debt.

The collection may include additional record types that were recorded in deed books such as officials' bonds, fiduciary records, marriage records, road and bridge records, and bills of sale of property including slaves.

Arrangement

Chronological.

Related Material

Deed Books and Indices to Deeds for Lancaster County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Additional Lancaster County Land Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia web site. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Separated Material


Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Lancaster County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- History
  • Land subdivision -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Slaveholders -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Slavery -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Slaves -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Lancaster County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Deeds -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Land records -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Lancaster County
  • Mortgage deeds -- Virginia -- Lancaster County