A Guide to the Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865 Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865 Barcode number 1100404/Arlington County (Va.) Reels 55 and 268

A Guide to the Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Collection numbers: Barcode number 1100404/Arlington County (Va.) Reels 55 and 268


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© 2008 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Sarah Nerney and Callie Freed

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Collection numbers
Barcode number 1100404/Arlington County (Va.) Reels 55 and 268
Title
Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865
Physical Characteristics
1 v. and 2 microfilm reels (94 images)
Collector
Arlington County (Va.) Circuit Court.
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Use microfilm copy. Arlington County (Va.) Reel 55 is an incomplete copy of both the Courts Martial book and the Census of the Black Population, lacking several pages at the end of the Courts Martial information and surnames Q from the Census. It is a negative copy. Arlington County (Va.) Reel 268 is a positive copy of the entire volume.

Preferred Citation

Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865. Local government records collection, Arlington County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia 23219.

Acquisition Information

This volume came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Arlington County. Microfilm reel 55 was generated by the Library of Virginia's Imaging Services Branch. Microfilm reel 268 was generated by OCLC through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.


Historical Information

Arlington County was formed in 1789 from Fairfax County and was at that time named Alexandria County. The county was ceded to the federal government in 1801 and was part of the District of Columbia until 1846 when it was returned to the state of Virginia. Alexandria County changed its name in 1920 to Arlington County.

In 1865, the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands ordered its superintendents to as soon as possible take a census of all colored people within their districts to aid bureau agents in their duties such as finding employment, discouraging vagrancy, handing out rations, and assisting people in returning to their former residences if so desired.

Scope and Content

Arlington County (Va.) Courts Martial Book, Military District of Alexandria, 1864-1865, contains general orders convening the court martial, lists of the detail for the court, special orders appointing new or additional members, and then lists of the soldiers who appeared before the court. Information recorded for each soldier includes name, company, regiment, witnesses, summons sent to appear, date case commenced, date case finished, and date case sent to headquarters. The soldiers are all from Union or United States army units. Arrangement is by general order number which are in date order. There is no index.

Following the courts martial information is an incomplete [Census of the Black Population of Alexandria County], Surnames Q-Y and B only, 1865. Information recorded includes name, color (black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon), sex (male, female), age (14 and under, under 20 over 14, under 50 over 20, under 70 over 50, over 70), status (slave, free), occupation (resident, laborer, mechanic, able to read, unable to read), and number of district. Following the lists of names are summaries and estimates by district numbers 1-8 and "outside city" of the numbers of persons in each of these categories. A statement at the end of the census reads "These persons live in the upper part of Alexandria County nearly all within four miles of the Freedmans Village. The detail engaged in taking the census were relieved before quite completing it, but made an estimate as accurately as possible and reported 250 names not taken. They have been classified by me in proportion [to] the summary of the census and added as above. These Returns embrace all of Alexandria County, Va, Freedmens Village Excepted. (sig) Henry E. Alvord, Superintendant."


Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Arlington County (Va.). Circuit Court.
  • United States Army.
  • United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans -- Virginia -- Arlington County.
  • Courts martial and courts of inquiry -- United States.
  • Freedmen. -- Virginia -- Arlington County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Arlington County (Va.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • United States. Army -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Census records -- Virginia -- Arlington County.
  • Judicial records -- Virginia -- Arlington County.
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Arlington County.
  • Orders (military records) -- Virginia -- Arlington County.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Arlington County (Va.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • United States. Army -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.