A Guide to the Lancaster County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936 Lancaster County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936 Lancaster County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-001-1936-001

A Guide to the Lancaster County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index: previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-001-1936-001


Library of Virginia

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© 2006 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

The Library of Virginia
Chancery Records Index
previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-001-1936-001
previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936
Physical Characteristics
Digital images
previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Circuit Court
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Patrons are to use digital images of previous hitLancaster next hit County Chancery Causes found on the Chancery Records Index available electronically at the website of the Library of Virginia.

Preferred Citation

previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936. (Cite style of suit and chancery index no.). Local government records collection, previous hitLancaster next hit County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

Digital images were generated by Crowley Micrographics through the Library of Virginia's Circuit Court Records Preservation Program.

Historical Information

Chancery Causes are cases of equity. According to Black's Law Dictionary they are "administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law." A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case.

previous hitLancaster next hit County was formed in 1651 from Northumberland and York Counties.

Scope and Content

previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1722-1936, are indexed into the Chancery Records Index. Cases are identified by style of suit consisting of plaintiff and defendant names. Surnames of others involved in a suit, including secondary plaintiffs and defendants, witnesses, deponents and affiants, and family members with surnames different from the plaintiff or defendant are indexed. Chancery causes often involved the following: divisions of estates or land, disputes over wills, divorces, debt, and business disputes. Predominant documents found in chancery causes include bills (plaintiff's complaint), answers (defendant's response), decrees (court's decision), depositions, affidavits, correspondence, lists of heirs, deeds, wills, slave records, business records or vital statistics, among other items. Plats, if present, are noted, as are wills from localities with an incomplete record of wills or localities other than the one being indexed.

Chancery cases are useful when researching local history, genealogical information, and land or estate divisions. They are a valuable source of local, state, social, and legal history and serve as a primary source for understanding a locality's history.


Organized by case, of which each is assigned a unique index number comprised of the latest year found in case and a sequentially increasing 3-digit number assigned by the processor as cases for that year are found. Arranged chronologically.

Related Material

Additional previous hitLancaster County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. See A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

See The Chancery Records Index to find the chancery records of additional Virginia localities.

Separated Material

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.) Circuit Court.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans--History.
  • Business enterprises--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Debt--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Divorce suits--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Equity--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Estates (Law)--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Land subdivision--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.)--Genealogy.
  • previous hitLancaster next hit County (Va.)--History.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Chancery causes--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Deeds--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Judicial records--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Land records--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Local government records--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Plats--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.
  • Wills--Virginia--previous hitLancaster next hit County.

Selected Suits of Interest

1772-002: John Carter vs. John James and wife:

In 1754, widower John Carter married widower Mary Pollard.Both had children from previous marriages. Carter refers to the strained relationship with his stepchildren.

1857-011: Adms. of William Kelley vs. James W. Kelley, etc. and Exrs. of James Kelley vs James W. Kelley, etc.:

The plaintiffs in this consolidated suit wanted the court's assistance to divide the vast real and personal property of the deceased brothers James and William Kelley. Both were also partners in a mercantile business located in Kilmarnock. They left a vast inheritance to the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary and Protestant Episcopal High School near Alexandria, Virginia and to the Protestant Episcopal Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. The brothers owned slaves both separately and jointly who worked on their plantations, Richland and Lynums. In the brothers' wills, both emancipated all their slaves and left them an inheritance that would fund their transportation to Liberia. Two of the slaves, Jerry and Armistead, chose to be re-enslaved rather than move to Liberia.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Lancaster County (Va.)--Genealogy.
  • Lancaster County (Va.)--History.