A Guide to the Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856 Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856 1138032, 1138046

A Guide to the Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers: 1138032, 1138046


Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Phone: (804) 692-3888 (Archives Reference)
Fax: (804) 692-3556 (Archives Reference)
Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov(Archives)
URL: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/

© 2007 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: LVA staff

The Library of Virginia
Barcode numbers
1138032, 1138046
Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856
Physical Characteristics
14 leaves and 44 p.
Richmond County (Va.) Circuit Court.
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856. Local government records collection, Richmond County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in a transfer of court papers from Richmond County.

Historical Information

Richmond County may have been named for Richmond borough in Surrey, England, or for Charles Lennox, first duke of Richmond and a son of King Charles II. It was formed from Old Rappahannock County in 1692. The county seat is Warsaw.

Some volumes were burned and mutilated through unknown causes; in addition, the will books prior to 1699 were missing as early as 1793, and order books for the period 1794-1816 are also missing. Numerous loose records prior to 1781 are missing as well.

Scope and Content

Richmond County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1806-1856. The records are comprised of Lists of Free Negroes and Mulattoes, 1816-1818, 1821, 1824-1827, and 1855-1856; Free Negro Delinquent Tax Lists, 1832 and 1852-1853; a list of negroes in possession of Samuel Pleasants who are free, circa 1806; and a list of slaves (photocopy) belonging to the Estate of Landon Carter at Clifton in Northumberland County taken 1822 July 1 and recorded in Richmond County 1831 March 7.

Free Negro Lists were compiled by the Commissioner of the Revenue for tax purposes. They include name, place of abode, and occupation, and sometimes gender and a designation of negro or mulatto. Free Negro Delinquent Tax Lists identify free blacks who did not pay taxes and had no property. These records are fragile and should be used with care.

The list of slaves belonging to the estate of Landon Carter contains the first name of each slave, age in years and sometimes months, and estimated value. The enslaved people are listed in family groups.

Related Material

Additional Richmond County Court Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. See A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm

Richmond County is one of Virginia's Lost Records Localities. Additional Richmond County Records may be found in the Virginia Lost Records Localities Collection at the Library of Virginia. Search the Lost Records Localities Digital Collection available at Virginia Memory.

For more information and a listing of lost records localities see Lost Records research note.

Separated Material

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Richmond County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • African American families--Virginia-Northumberland County.
  • African Americans--Employment--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Free African Americans--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Racially mixed people--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Slave records--Virginia--Northumberland County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Richmond County (Va.)--History--19th century
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Estate inventories--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Free negro and slave records--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Free negro lists--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Free negro registers--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Local government records--Virginia--Richmond County.
  • Tax and fiscal records--Virginia--Richmond County.

Contents List

Barcode number 1138032:

Certificates of Free Negroes, 1855; List of Free Negroes: Delinquent Taxes, 1832-1853; List of Free Negroes and Mulattoes, 1816-1856; List of negroes in possession of Samuel Pleasants, 1806-1807. Includes a Granville County, North Carolina, Free Negro Certificate for Elizabeth Harris that was found in either the Prince Edward or Richmond County court records. A photocopy of the document is filed with the Prince Edward County Free Negro records.

Barcode number 1138046:

List of Free Negroes and Mulattoes, 1824.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Richmond County (Va.)--History--19th century