A Guide to the Brunswick County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1862 Brunswick County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1862 1138017

A Guide to the Brunswick County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1862

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number 1138017


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© 2006 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

Repository
The Library of Virginia
Barcode number
1138017
Title
Brunswick County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1862
Physical Characteristics
0.3 cu. ft.
Creator
Brunswick County (Va.) Circuit Court.
Location
Library of Virginia
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Brunswick County Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1864. Local government records collection, Brunswick County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from Brunswick County.


Historical Information

Brunswick County was formed in 1720 from Prince George County. Parts of Isle of Wight and Surry Counties were added in 1732.

Scope and Content

Brunswick County (Va.) Free Negro and Slave Records, 1823-1862, contains certificates and registrations of free negroes (1823-1850), lists of free negroes summoned to work on the fortifications (1862), and lists of free negroes (1851-1862).

Certificates and registrations of free negroes (1823-1850) contain the name of the free person, sometimes their age and a brief physical description, and a statement based either on another person's knowledge or on other official documentary evidence seen by the certifier that this person was either born free or was emancipated. If born free, reference is sometimes made to parents. If emancipated, emancipating owner, place and date of emancipation, and prior registration as a free negro are usually mentioned. Occasionally the register number is given; this number corresponds to the entry number in the register of free negroes kept by the clerk of court at the courthouse.

List of free negroes summoned to work on the fortifications (1862) are two lists of free negro males summoned by the sheriff to report for work on the fortifications at Richmond. The first and last names of the men are given and there are remarks listed for some men as to whom they are hired to and until what date.

Lists of free negroes (1851-1862) were compiled by the commissioner of the revenue for tax purposes. The lists give the full name, age, sex, and trade or occupation for each person on the list.

Arrangement

Chronological by record type.

Related Material

Additional Brunswick County Free Negro and Slave Records can be found on microfilm at The Library of Virginia. Consult "A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm" found on the Library of Virginia web site.

Separated Material


Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Brunswick County (Va.). Circuit Court.
  • Confederate States of America--Defenses.
  • Subjects:

  • African Americans--Employment--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • African Americans--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Free African Americans--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Slaveholders--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Tax collection--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Geographical Names:

  • Brunswick County (Va.)--History--19th century.
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Certificates--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Free negro lists--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Free negro registrations--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Free papers--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Lists--Virginia--Brunswick County.
  • Local government records--Virginia--Brunswick County.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Brunswick County (Va.)--History--19th century.