A Guide to the Kilby family Papers, 1665-1947 Kilby family Papers, 1665-1947 26674

A Guide to the Kilby family Papers, 1665-1947

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Accession Number 26674


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Library of Virginia

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© 2003 By the Library of Virginia.

Processed by: Renee M. Savits

Repository
Library of Virginia
Accession number
26674
Title
Papers, 1665-1947
Physical Characteristics
4.05 cubic feet
Creator
Kilby family
Physical Location
Personal papers collection, Acc. 26674
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Kilby family. Papers, 1665-1947. Accession 26674, Personal papers collection, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. Mildred K. Kilby, 1 March 1967.


Biographical/Historical Information

The Kilby family were prominent residents of Hanover and Nansemond Counties, Virginia. John Kilby (1758-1826) of Maryland married Elizabeth Thompson (1763-1818) on 25 December 1787 in Hanover County, Virginia. They had six children: John Thompson (1789-1838), Turpin (1792-1793), Turpin (1794-1832), Harriet (1797-1865), Spotswood (1800-1818), and Thomas Jefferson Kilby (1803-1881). John Thompson Kilby married Ann Newton (Jones) Baker (1800-1857), daughter of Matthias Jones and Mary (Riddick) Jones, and widow of Joseph B. Baker, at Suffolk, Virginia, on 1 May 1817. Harriet Kilby married Samuel Corbell on 4 May 1838 in Nansemond County, Virginia, and John L. Collins of Louisa County, Virginia, on 20 May 1855. Thomas Jefferson Kilby married Ann Upshur Smith (1803-1879) and Turpin Kilby married Martha Glazebrook (1796-1878) on 6 March 1817.

John Richardson Kilby (1819-1878), second of the seven children of Turpin (1794-1832) and Martha (Glazebrook) Kilby (1796-1878), was born in Hanover County, Virginia. He served as sheriff of Nansemond County, lawyer, member of the Virginia Convention, 1861, and served in the Virginia House of Delegates, 1849-1852. He married Martha Jane Louisa (1816-1888), daughter of Arthur (1779-1849) and Susan (Richardson) Smith (1781-), on 5 December 1838. Arthur Smith (1779-1849) operated a general store in Suffolk, Virginia, and served as postmaster of Suffolk, from 1804-1845. They had eight children, Walter, Leroy Richardson (1841- 1883), Wallace (1843-1899), Susan (1845-1917), Arthur Turpin (1847-1851), Wilbur J. Kilby (1850-1907), Livingston Clay (1852-1917), and Annette Maria (1853-1882).

Wilbur John Kilby (1850-1907), sixth of the eight children of John Richardson and Martha Jane Louisa Kilby, was educated at Randolph Macon College and University of Virginia. He was a lawyer in Suffolk, Virginia, and judge of the County Court of Nansemond, Virginia. He was also examiner of records in the second judicial circuit and the superintendent of Cedar Hill Cemetery in Nansemond County. He married Harriett Lanetta Brownley (1855-1887), daughter of Mary (1818-1881) and Joseph (d. 1878) Brownley of King and Queen County, Virginia, on 5 September 1876. They had four children: Miriam (1879-), Bradford (1876-), John Richardson, and Hilah Kilby. On 23 January 1889 Wilbur Kilby married Mary D.H. Finney (1850-1917).

Scope and Content Information

The Kilby family papers, 1665-1947, are organized into 4 series: Kilby family Papers, John R. Kilby Papers, Wilbur J. Kilby Papers, and Arthur Smith Papers. The collection includes accounts, bills of sale, certificates, clippings, correspondence, deeds, estate accounts, genealogical notes, ledgers, marriage records, memoirs, military records, obituaries, plats, postmasters accounts, promissory notes, receipts, sheriff fee and tax books, slave records, surveys, and wills, documenting a prominent Nansemond County, Virginia family.

These papers are most notable because they contain many records relating to Nansemond County, a county for which many records are no longer extant. Included are numerous deeds, plats, surveys, and wills, 1665- 1931. (An individual listing of each deed and will can be found in Appendix A at the end of the finding aid.) Included are overseer of the poor records and account books of levies and fees collected by John R. Kilby, as sheriff of Nansemond County, from c. 1840-1870. Included are accounts of the post office of Nansemond County, 1804-1844, when Arthur Smith was postmaster of the county. Also included are many estate accounts of Nansemond County residents, found in the John R. Kilby series. There are also many slave records throughout the collection, which include names, birth and death dates. Of note are letters from Randal Kilby, a former slave of the Kilby family who had gained his freedom and resettled in Liberia. This correspondence may be found in Series I: Kilby family papers.

The collection also includes military records from the 59th Virginia Militia, 1812, and the 16th Virginia Infantry, Confederate States of America. A memoir written by John Kilby describes his experiences in the Revolutionary war and his work with John Paul Jones (1747-1792). Also included are numerous genealogical notes and obituaries on the Blackwell, Glazebrook, Kilby, Riddick, Smith, and Thompson families of Hanover and Nansemond County and Norfolk, Virginia.

Appendixes A and B are not available online. A copy of the appendixes may be requested from the library.

Arrangement

Organized into 4 series: I. Kilby family papers, II. John R. Kilby papers, III. Wilbur J. Kilby papers, and IV. Arthur Smith papers.

Contents List

Series I: Kilby family Papers 1665-1947

The Kilby family papers are arranged alphabetically by folder title in four boxes and six oversize folders (see oversize folders 1-6). This series consists of accounts, clippings, correspondence, deeds, genealogical notes, notebooks, obituaries, plats and surveys, promissory notes, receipts, suit papers, and wills.

Included are slave records, 1833-1854, containing receipts for the hire of slaves and a list of Washington, Henning, and Sarah Smith's slaves, 1853-1854; a notebook listing the members of the Suffolk Committee of Native Americans, 1855; and genealogical notes and obituaries from the Blackwell, Glazebrook, Kilby, Riddick, Smith, and Thompson families of Hanover and Nansemond County, Virginia. Within the genealogical notes are included letters to Bradford and Wilbur Kilby, 1890-1943, from family members researching their genealogy. Included are oaths and summonses from Nansemond County, 1820-1872; suit papers relating to the land of "Cross Swamp" in Nansemond County, 1835-1870; and suit papers of Wells administrators vs. Norfolk & Western Railway, 1899-1902; copies of general orders issued from the Adjutant and Inspector General's office, Richmond, Virginia, 1863-1864, from newspapers; and clippings and notes related to the history of Nansemond County, Virginia, 1893-1931.

Within this series are the papers of some individual members of the Kilby family, such as Bradford Kilby, John Kilby, Leroy Kilby, and Josiah Riddick. The Bradford Kilby papers include correspondence, certificates from Randolph Macon College, and ration books. Of note within his papers are the record items of Suffolk Council, 1883-1907, compiled by Simon M. Lawrence, clerk of the Suffolk Council. This record is a compiled list of items presented to the Suffolk Council in the period 1883-1907, such as names of councilmen who served in Suffolk, when lights were introduced in the city, census statistics, what efforts were made for the poor, and the pavement of streets. The John Kilby papers included memoirs of the Revolutionary war and military career of John Paul Jones (1747-1792), written by John Kilby in September 1810. The Leroy R. Kilby papers include reports, returns, and muster rolls of the 16th Virginia Infantry, Company B, Confederate States of America, commanded by Captain Leroy R. Kilby. The Josiah Riddick papers, 1813-1814, contain muster rolls for the 59th Virginia Militia and a list of officers belonging to the 2nd regiment in the War of 1812. The Cowper family papers, 1842-1896, including accounts, correspondence, and receipts. Of note is a letter, 27 May 1861, to Fannie Cowper, Suffolk, Virginia, from a cousin in North Carolina, discussing the beginnings of the Civil War and sentiments in the South.

Of note within the collection are the deeds, plats and surveys, and wills, 1665-1931, mainly from Nansemond County and Norfolk, Virginia. Many of the records pre-1866 of Nansemond County were burned, so these records provide information that is no longer extant. Deeds, patents, and wills exist for the: Allmond, Arnold, Bennett, Benton, Bernard, Boykin, Brewer, Brock, Brown, Butler, Campbell, Capps, Causey, Charlton, Cohoon, Colvin, Cowper, Crittenden, Crocker, Crump, Crumples, Cuddeback, Cutchin, Darden, Daughtrey, Dean, Decormis, Dillard, Flynn, Fort, Frew, Galloway, Gardner, Gaskins, Golden, Gray, Gregory, Hall, Harrell, Hathaway, Hawes, Haywood, Heffington, Hinton, Holland, Holowell, Howell, Johnson, Jones, Jordan, Keeling, Kelly, Kilby, Laderberg, Latimer, Lee, Levett, Little, Lockhart, Mann, McAlister, McClenny, McGuire, Meade, Meriditt, Miles, Minton, Montgomery, Moss, Murdaugh, Murray, Newton, Norfleet, Northcott, Nurney, Oliver, Page, Phillips, Philhower, Pinner, Prentis, Pretlow, Pruden, Pulling, Rawls, Reber, Reid, Riddick, Rogers, Saunders, Savage, Smith, Steel, Swepson, Swett, Tarlington, Tucker, Vaughan, Vickers, Walker, Webb, White, Whitehead, Whitley, Whittock, Williams, Williamson, Willis, Wise, Wood, Wright, and Young families and the Dismal Swamp Company. Also included are land patents, 1711-1805, to the Campbell, Fort, Jones, Lockhart, Meade, Murdaugh, O'sheal, Pulling, and Riddick families, land in Nansemond and Norfolk Counties, Virginia.

Also included is a ledger containing a register of students, 1870-1903, of Suffolk Female Institute (Suffolk, Va.). The register contains the names of students, residence, age, name of parents, and sometimes death date. The front of the ledger includes marriage records of some of the students, including brides and grooms names, place and date of wedding. These records were copied and cataloged separately as MBRC 62 (accession 40347). Included are correspondence, promissory notes, agreements, and receipts for the Florida Land Association, 1859-1869, a joint venture between James Evans, Robert Webb, Nathaniel Riddick, Richard Riddick, and John R. Kilby, to purchase land on the Caloosahatchee River near Ft. Myers, Florida. The papers contain correspondence regarding the purchase and farming of the land; license for the purchase of a ship, "Belle"; receipts for the hiring of slaves from Virginia to work in Florida; and a receipt for slaves kept at Charleston Work House. Of note is a letter to James Evans, 27 July 1861, regarding the outbreak of the Civil War and the effect the war would have on the land venture.

The correspondence, 1801-1908, pertain to health, local and national politics, finances, and contain mostly family letters between Bradford Kilby, Eddie Kilby, Hilah Kilby, John R. Kilby, John S. Kilby, Joseph M. Kilby, Kate G. Kilby, L. Clay Kilby, Lucille Kilby, Martha Kilby, Randal Kilby, T. Spotswood Kilby, Thomas E. Kilby, Thomas J. Kilby, Wilbur J. Kilby, and William Turpin Kilby. Of note is a letter, 12 March 1801, from Archibald Richardson, to Josiah Riddick, regarding politics and the election of Thomas Jefferson as president; letter, 9 January 1846, from the mayors office in Baltimore, Maryland, to the mayor of Norfolk, Virginia, introducing Robert Rankin, a lawyer for Thomas Kiar, a free negro who was being held in a Norfolk jail; letter, 11 January 1849, regarding the sale of slaves in Suffolk, Virginia; letter, 23 August, 1860, regarding the farming of land for cotton and cattle in Florida; letter, 18 July 1871, regarding the pension of Andrew McAlister, for the War of 1812; letter, 23 August 1879, from Thomas Jefferson Kilby, recounting his father's, John Kilby, military service with John Paul Jones and the Revolutionary war; letter, 4 December 1879, regarding the death of John R. Kilby and a resolution passed by the board of directors of the Preacher's Relief Society (Norfolk, Va.); and letter, 10 March 1898, from Wilbur J. Kilby, on the history Quakers in of Nansemond County. Also of note are letters, 1855-1859, from Randal Kilby, a slave who had belonged to the Kilby family but had gained his freedom and resettled in Liberia, to John R. Kilby. His letters describes the voyage to Africa, impressions of the country, farming, and activities of other former slaves who had also resettled in Liberia.

  • Box 1
    Folder 1
    Abstract of titles
  • Box 1
    Folder 2
    Accounts, 1875-1878
  • Box 1
    Folder 3
    Brookland School (Albemarle Co., Va.), 1858-1859
  • Box 1
    Folder 4
    Central Hotel property, 1871-1895
  • Box 1
    Folder 5
    Clippings, Adj. and Ins. general's office, C.S.A., General orders, 1863-1864
  • Box 1
    Folder 6
    Clippings, miscellaneous, 1875-1904
  • Box 1
    Folder 7
    Correspondence, 1801-1858
  • Box 1
    Folder 8
    Correspondence, 1860-1879
  • Box 1
    Folder 9
    Correspondence, 1880-1908
  • Box 1
    Folder 10
    Cowper family papers, 1842-1896
  • Box 1
    Folder 11
    Deeds, 1759-1822
  • Box 2
    Folder 1
    Deeds, 1825-1853
  • Box 2
    Folder 2
    Deeds, 1854-1872
  • Box 2
    Folder 3
    Deeds, 1873-1889
  • Box 2
    Folder 4
    Deeds, 1890-1931
  • Box 2
    Folder 5
    Florida Land Association, 1859-1869
  • Box 2
    Folder 6
    Genealogical notes
  • Box 2
    Folder 7
    Genealogical notes
  • Box 2
    Folder 8
    Genealogical notes, Correspondence regarding, 1890-1943
  • Box 3
    Folder 1
    Genealogical notes, History of the Glazebrook families
  • Box 3
    Folder 2
    Bradford Kilby, Certificates, 1890-1897
  • Box 3
    Folder 3
    Bradford Kilby, Correspondence, 1891-1905
  • Box 3
    Folder 4
    Bradford Kilby, Correspondence, 1906-1947
  • Box 3
    Folder 5
    Bradford Kilby, Correspondence, nd
  • Box 3
    Folder 6
    Bradford Kilby, Papers, 1890-1907
  • Box 3
    Folder 7
    Bradford Kilby, Record items of Suffolk County, 1883-1907
  • Box 3
    Folder 8
    John Kilby, Memoirs, 1810
  • Box 3
    Folder 9
    John R. Kilby, Jr., Certificates, 1895-1899
  • Box 3
    Folder 10
    Leroy R. Kilby, Papers, 1863-1876
  • Box 3
    Folder 11
    T. Spotswood Kilby, Papers, 1842-1858
  • Box 3
    Folder 12
    Land patents, 1716-1767
  • Box 3
    Folder 13
    Andrew McAlister, Account book, 1836-1837
  • Box 3
    Folder 14
    Miscellaneous, 1817-1941
  • Box 3
    Folder 15
    Notebooks, 1901
  • Box 3
    Folder 16
    Notebook, bounty claims not yet disclosed, 1852-1857
  • Box 3
    Folder 17
    Notes and clippings on Nansemond County (Va.) history, 1893-1931
  • Box 4
    Folder 1
    Obituaries, 1878-1906
  • Box 4
    Folder 2
    Plats and surveys, 1665-1908
  • Box 4
    Folder 3
    Plats and surveys, nd
  • Box 4
    Folder 4
    Promissory notes, 1842-1877
  • Box 4
    Folder 5
    Publications, 1871-1907
  • Box 4
    Folder 6
    Receipts, 1807-1900
  • Box 4
    Folder 7
    Record of bonds issued by Nansemond County (Va.), 1861 June
  • Box 4
    Folder 8
    Josiah Riddick, Jr., Military records, 1813-1814
  • Box 4
    Folder 9
    Slave records, 1833-1854
  • Box 4
    Folder 10
    Suffolk (Va.) Committee on Native Americans, 1855
  • Box 4
    Folder 11
    Suffolk Female Institute, 1885
  • Box 4
    Folder 12
    Suit papers, 1835-1903
  • Box 4
    Folder 13
    Suit papers, 1835-1903
  • Box 4
    Folder 14
    Suit papers, Oaths and summons, 1820-1872
  • Box 4
    Folder 15
    Virginia House Bills No. 158 and 188, 1869-1870
  • Box 4
    Folder 16
    Wills, 1674-1916
  • Volume on shelf
    Suffolk Female Institute, Register of students, 1870-1903
Series II: John R. Kilby Papers, 1834-1904

The John R. Kilby papers are arranged alphabetically by folder title in three boxes and fourteen volumes and divided into two subseries. Subseries have been designated for Papers; and Accounts books and ledgers. This series consists of accounts, bank books, bills of sale, broadsides, contracts, correspondence, estate accounts and records, ledgers, promissory notes, receipts, and county records, of John R. Kilby of Nansemond County, Virginia. The paper subseries relate mostly to Kilby's personal and professional life as a lawyer and member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1849-1852. The account books and ledgers relate mainly to his career as sheriff of Nansemond County, c. 1840-1870.

  • Subseries 1: Papers, 1834-1887

    Included within this subseries are accounts and receipts, 1834-1877, for subscriptions, merchandise, taxes, doctors, clothing, tuition, attorney fees, and court fees. Of note are the bills of sale for slaves, 1840-1860. The bills often include the age or date of birth and first name of the slaves. The bills are also interesting because of a note written 22 January 1902 by Wilbur J. Kilby, in which he states the need to preserve the papers, in the case that the United States government reimburses the family for the prices of the slaves that were set free during the Civil War.

    The papers also include a broadside for the sale of the land of Joseph Bunch in Nansemond County, 1853; estate accounts with the family of Richard H. Riddick and W.B. Whitehead; military commission of the 59th Infantry regiment of the Virginia Militia, 1843; and stock certificates from the Suffolk Savings Bank, 1852-1859. The oaths include Kilby's oath as an attorney in Richmond, Virginia, 1855; amnesty oaths of Richard H. Riddick, James B. Norfleet, Elisha Norfleet, George W. Briggs, Robert R. Smith, Richard T. Riddick, Bartholomew Bowers, Henry L. Tynes, Samuel Eley, and John E. Humes, 1865; and a copy of the amnesty proclamation, 1865.

    Topics of the correspondence include numerous legal cases in Nansemond County, family, finances, health, estate accounts, and local, national, and internationals politics. Of note is a letter from W.L. Riddick, 2 December 1849, regarding the Whig party; letter, 27 January 1850, from John Bunch, on the subject of growing tensions between the North and South; letter, 17 May 1852, from Nathaniel Riddick, regarding Virginia politics; letter, 1853 October 22, from Washington Riddick on his travels through Europe and European politics; letter, 9 December 1854, from William Wright, regarding the hiring of slaves at Yates Free School in Norfolk, Virginia; and a letter, 29 January, 1857, from Harriet Collins, Kilby's aunt, and 23 December 1858, from B. Devany, regarding the sale of slaves; and letters dated 20 May 1868, 20 July 1868, and 1 December 1868, regarding Virginia politics after the Civil War.

    The correspondence, 1843-1930, includes letters from Robertson Arnold, W.G. Atkinson, Thomas H. Barnes, W.D. Barnes, Kader Biggs, E.T. Blamire, J.M. Blanton, William Briggs, Richard H. Browne, John Bunch, Arabella Bunkley, John J. Burroughs, Thomas A. Burton, John B. Cary, L.E. Casey, H.A. Claiborne, John C. Cohoon, Harriet Collins, John R. Copeland, J.D. Corbell, Samuel V. Corbell, Henry Craley, R.T. Daniel, John Davis Day, James J. Darden, B. Devany, E. Dorney, John Emmerson, Crauley Finney, Benjamin B. Foster, R.H. Gallason, Theodore S. Garnett Jr., H.A. Gilliams, America H. Glazebrook, John B. Glazebrook, L.W. Glazebrook, O.A. Glazebrook, Robert Glazebrook, Charles A. Green, David Hall Jr., C.B. Hayden, James G. Holladay, Benjamin E. Hope, J.H. Hope, Isaac R. Hunter, J.Beverly Hunter, James E. Jenkins, Thomas Johnson, William E. Jordan, H.H. Kelly, J.E. Kilby, W.M. Lain, Thomas Lawson, W.M. Levy, Mary A. Lewis, R.D. Lilly, Henry F. Lippold, J.F. McClellan, H.N. McTyerie, William Mahone, W.A. Massenburg, L.J.H. Meador, J.S. Meadows, John S. Millson, J.F.J. Mitchell, C.W. Murdaugh, W.W. Murray, J.O. Myrick, John S. Myrick, Thomas N. Myrick, R.E. Nash, A.W. Norfleet, David S. Parker, Nelson Parker, R.M. Parker, Richard G. Pegram, William Powell Jr., Robert S. Pretlow, E.C. Riddick, Nathaniel Riddick, Richard Riddick, W.L. Riddick, Washington Riddick, Willis Riddick, Robert R. Ritchie, Edward Robinson, Martha A. Scott, S. Shiffer, George W. Simpson, Joseph Sketer, R.N. Sledd, Arthur R. Smith, Edwin Smith, Sarah J. Smith, W.R. Smith, John W. Southall, William H. Stokers, W.C. Stuart, Robert H. Tatem, R.W. Walker, W.R. Whitehead, William B. Whitehead, Henry E. Whitfield, E. Williams, W.A. Williams, Thomas A. Wilson, John Wood Jr., T. Woodley, N.B. Worthington, William F. Wright, C.C. Yonge, and W.H. Young.

    • Box 5
      Folder 1
      Accounts and receipts, 1834-1839
    • Box 5
      Folder 2
      Accounts and receipts, 1840-1842
    • Box 5
      Folder 3
      Accounts and receipts, 1843-1845
    • Box 5
      Folder 4
      Accounts and receipts, 1858-1859
    • Box 5
      Folder 5
      Accounts and receipts, 1860-1869
    • Box 5
      Folder 6
      Accounts and receipts, 1870-1877
    • Box 5
      Folder 7
      Bank books, 1859-1877
    • Box 5
      Folder 8
      Bills of sale for slaves, 1840-1860
    • Box 5
      Folder 9
      Broadside, 1853
    • Box 5
      Folder 10
      Contract, 1850
    • Box 5
      Folder 11
      Correspondence, 1843-1849
    • Box 5
      Folder 12
      Correspondence, 1850-1855
    • Box 5
      Folder 13
      Correspondence, 1856-1859
    • Box 5
      Folder 14
      Correspondence, 1860-1867
    • Box 5
      Folder 15
      Correspondence, 1868-1869
    • Box 5
      Folder 16
      Correspondence, 1870-1875
    • Box 6
      Folder 1
      Correspondence, 1876-1877
    • Box 6
      Folder 2
      Correspondence, nd
    • Box 6
      Folder 3
      Estate accounts, 1852-1885
    • Box 6
      Folder 4
      Military records, 1843
    • Box 6
      Folder 5
      Oaths, 1852-1865
    • Box 6
      Folder 6
      Power of attorney, 1866
    • Box 6
      Folder 7
      Promissory notes, 1839-1875
    • Box 6
      Folder 8
      Stock, 1852-1859
  • Subseries 2: Accounts books and ledgers, 1840-1904

    This subseries consists of estate accounts, account books, fee books, tax books, and overseer of the poor records of Nansemond County, Virginia. Of note are the tax account books for Nansemond, 1840-1844. These books contain listings of the taxes received by Kilby and signatures of members of the overseer of the poor committee. Also included is an account book of state taxes received on seals of notary public, 1853-1877; commissioner in fiduciaries account books, 1849-1882, and fee books, 1842-1844.

    The account books include estate accounts, 1843-1874, of Andrew Ballard, Julia A. Bunch, John S. Cutler, Mills C. Daughtrey, Peninah Eppes, Baswell Garrison, Charles Godwin, Marina Godwin, Sally Godwin, William H. Godwin, Joshua Harrell, Cadwallader Hawes, Josephine Hawes, Joseph Hill, William Holmes, Henry D. Jones, Harriet S. Kilby, William Turpin Kilby, Mourning Laurence, William Laycock, Joseph Meredith, John Mills, William Murphrey, Jesse Perry, Josiah Pinner, Archibald Riddick, Richard H. Riddick, Arthur Smith, and Sarah J. Smith. Many of the accounts include reference to slaves, including names and ages. These accounts include a listing of bills paid, monies divided among heirs, stock sold, supplies purchased, rent of land, hiring of slaves, interest earned, inventories, and an overall accounting of the settlement of the estates.

    Also included is a ledger of cash receipts for Kilby's law practice, 1846-1869; account books, 1855-1869, which contain a list of slaves, including names, birth and death dates, 1856-1861 (see accession 40340); and ledgers, 1846-1904.

    • Box 7
      Folder 1
      Account book as administrator and guardian for Harrell, Pinner, Eppes, Hawes, Garrison, Smith, Meredith, Cutler, and Daughtrey families, 1843-1860
    • Box 7
      Folder 2
      Account book of Mrs. Sarah J. Smith, as guardian of Washington, Henning, and Robert Smith, 1852-1867
    • Box 7
      Folder 3
      Account book containing the estates of the Holmes, Murphrey, Ballard, Mills, Harrell, Godwin, Laycock, Laurence, Pinner, Hill, and Jones families, 1840-1852
    • Box 7
      Folder 4
      Account book of levies of the County Court and Overseers of the Poor, In and about Suffolk, Va., 1840
    • Box 7
      Folder 5
      Account book of levies of the County Court and Overseers of the Poor, In and about Suffolk, Va., 1841
    • Box 7
      Folder 6
      Account book of levies of the County Court and Overseers of the Poor, In and about Suffolk, Va., 1842
    • Box 7
      Folder 7
      Account book of levies of the County Court and Overseers of the Poor, In and about Suffolk, Va., 1843
    • Box 7
      Folder 8
      Account book of levies of the County Court and Overseers of the Poor, In and about Suffolk, Va., 1853-1877
    • Volume on shelf
      Account book as administrator of the estate and guardians of the orphans of Mills C. Daughtrey, 1858-1873
    • Volume on shelf
      Account book of John R. Kilby, 1854-1874
    • Volume on shelf
      Account book of sales as trustee for the estate of Archibald Riddick, 1852-1853
    • Volume on shelf
      Account book of personal expenses of John R. Kilby, 1855-1869
    • Volume on shelf
      Cash receipts for law practice of John R. Kilby, 1849-1869
    • Volume on shelf
      Commissioner in Fiduciaries, Nansemond County, Va., Account book, 1849-1871
    • Volume on shelf
      Commissioner in Fiduciaries, Nansemond County, Va., Account book, 1869-1882
    • Volume on shelf
      Fee book, Deputy Sheriff, Nansemond County, Va., 1840-1842
    • Volume on shelf
      Fee book, Deputy Sheriff, Nansemond County, Va., 1842-1844
    • Volume on shelf
      Ledger, 1846-1854
    • Volume on shelf
      Ledger, 1852-1861
    • Volume on shelf
      Ledger, 1858-1873
    • Volume on shelf
      Ledger, 1868-1884
    • Volume on shelf
      Ledger, 1872-1904
Series III: Wilbur J. Kilby Papers, 1849-1907

The Wilbur J. Kilby papers are arranged alphabetically by folder title in one box, three volumes, and one oversize folder (see oversize folder 7). This series consists of appointments, circulars, correspondence, endorsements, estate accounts, graduation certificates, marriage licenses, notes from the University of Virginia law program, and receipts. Of note are the papers relating to Kilby's career as a lawyer and judge in Nansemond County, Virginia. Kilby served as county court judge, superintendent of the cemetery, commissioner of accounts of the court, and judge of the first judicial circuit. Included are appointment and election results, 1883-1905, containing official documents certifying to the authenticity of the election results; circulars endorsing Kilby for judgeship in Nansemond County, 1885-1893; graduation degrees from Randolph Macon College and the University of Virginia, 1868-1872; and his attorney license, 1872.

Kilby was the administrator and/or executor for the estates of many family members and the collection includes accounts, receipts, promissory notes, bills, circulars for land sale, and correspondence relating to the estate accounts. On some estates Wilbur took over as executor when his father (John R. Kilby) died in 1878. Included are records for the estates of Alfred Adkins (d. 1879), John R. Kilby (d. 1878), Martha J. Kilby (d. 1888), Wilbur J. Kilby (d. 1907), Andrew McAlister (d. 1879), Nathaniel P. Phillips (d. 1878), and William Quillen (d. 1875). Of note is the estate of Alfred Akins, a freed black man of Nansemond County, Virginia. Included is Adkins will, 1879; receipts for taxes paid from 1849-1879; funeral expenses; circular announcing the public sale of the household items, 1879; inventory and appraisement of the household goods, 1879; and correspondence. Adkins left half of his estate to Alfred White (b. 1872), the son of Martha White of Pennsylvania and designated Wilbur Kilby as guardian of White, until he turned 21. Also included within the estate records are accounts, bills, correspondence and receipts relating to White's inheritance, 1879-1883.

The correspondence, 1868-1907, includes letters from Edward A. Allen, W.E. Allen, William A. Anderson, J.D. Armstrong, W.H. Bailey Sr., Richard H. Baker, Thomas H. Barnes, George S. Bernard, R.E. Blackwell, F.J.L. Boettcher, J.E. Booker, H.W. Bradshaw, Thomas Branch, R.A. Brock, Merritt Briggs, Lee Britt, Alexander G. Brown, W.S. Brown, Henry L. Bush, P.D. Camp, W.N. Camp, William Camp, Bentley B. Campbell, Hill Carter, H.C. Cheatham, J.F. Crocker, W.B. Crowell, George H. Crump, John W. Daniel, C.H. Disbrow, John B. Donovan, Clara E. Drake, A.E. Eley, S.E. Everett, George B. Finch, L.F. Fort, S. Bassett French, Charles A. Graves, Sallie C. Harbaugh, Sarah C. Harbaugh, Z.T. Holland, Eppa Hunton, Margaret M. Jones, Thomas M. Jones, W.H. Jones, Anna M. Laise-Phillips, William Henry Lee, B.F. McLemore, Morton Marye, John B. Minor, D.J. Mood, Joel Munshell's Sons, John Murray, William W. Murray, L.T. Myers, Clarence F. Norment, Lizzie Smith Norment, George D. Old, A.C. Palmer, Charles Poindexter, Mills E. Powell, J.A. Proctor, J.T.B. Prud, J.W. Randolph & Co., Benjamin Riddick, Asa Rogers, Russell & Russell, John Seay, William B. Shands, Indie Smith, Leroy L. Smith, Thomas Kilby Smith, William R. Smith, William W. Smith, Charles F. Taylor, R.S. Thomas, Hattie Blanche Thompson, I.T. Tichenor, Elizabeth Baxton Tomlin, B.D. Tucker, James F. Twitty, D. Gardiner Tyler, J. Hope Tyler, Lyon G. Tyler, Thomas E. Upshaw, William H. White, John B. Whitehead, William Riddick Whitehead, A.C. Withers, F.C. Woodward, P. Wilson, E.A. Wright, I. Yearsley Jr., George F. Young, and N.P. Young.

Of note are numerous letters from Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853-1921), son of John Tyler (1790-1862), to Kilby. The two men were college roommates at the University of Virginia and many of the letters are of a friendly, personal nature, inquiring into family and planning visits. Some of the letters are requests for support and recommendations, including a letter dated 19 November 1885, asking Kilby to spread a good word for his brother, David Gardiner Tyler, who was an applicant for circuit judge in the eighth district in Virginia; letter dated 19 November 1887, asking Kilby for support of a friend running for the chancery judgeship of Richmond; and letter dated 25 July 1888, asking for Kilby's support in his bid for the presidency of William and Mary College. Tyler served as the president of William and Mary from 1888-1919.

Also included is correspondence from David Gardiner Tyler (1846-1927), brother of Lyon Gardiner Tyler, while he served in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1893-1897, and correspondence, 1897 March 24 and 17 April 1897, from James Hoge Tyler (1846-1925), asking for Kilby's support in running for governor of Virginia. Tyler served from 1898-1902 as governor of Virginia.

Other topics include family, legal advice, elections, deaths in the family, genealogical research, finances and stock prices, the settlement of his father's (John R. Kilby) estate, local politics in Nansemond County, commencement of the Suffolk Female Institute of 1890, and letters of recommendation. Also included are letters from Martha White, 1888, in regards to her son Alfred White; letters, 1868 April, from Edward A. Allen asking advice on how to start a preparatory school to the University of Virginia in Nansemond County, Virginia; letter, 30 April 1888, from the Commonwealth of Virginia, Auditor of Public Accounts, in response to a request by Kilby to obtain a Confederate pension for the widow of Daniel H. Christie; letter, 28 August 1893, from William Henry Lee, regarding portraits done by the artist John Sharpless; letter, 8 December 1885, from John B. Minor, professor at the University of Virginia, which was used in a circular on Kilby's bid for county judge; and a letter, 23 February 1901, from John Seay at the Virginia State Prison, regarding his trial, claiming that he was not properly represented, and asking Kilby to commute his sentence.

  • Box 8
    Folder 1
    Appointments and election results, 1883-1905
  • Box 8
    Folder 2
    Circular for land sales, 1901-1905
  • Box 8
    Folder 3
    Correspondence, 1868-1879
  • Box 8
    Folder 4
    Correspondence, 1880-1889
  • Box 8
    Folder 5
    Correspondence, 1890-1895
  • Box 8
    Folder 6
    Correspondence, 1896-1899
  • Box 8
    Folder 7
    Correspondence, 1900-1907
  • Box 8
    Folder 8
    Endorsements for judge, 1885-1893
  • Box 8
    Folder 9
    Estate of Alfred Adkins (d. 1879), 1849-1883
  • Box 8
    Folder 10
    Estate of John R. Kilby (d. 1879), 1882
  • Box 8
    Folder 11
    Estate of Martha J. Kilby (d. 1888), 1879-188
  • Box 8
    Folder 12
    Estate of Wilbur J. Kilby (d. 1907), 1907-1908
  • Box 8
    Folder 13
    Estate of Andrew McAlister (d. 1879), 1879-1889
  • Box 8
    Folder 14
    Estate of Nathaniel P. Phillips (d. 1878), 1878-1879
  • Box 8
    Folder 15
    Estate of William Quillen (d. 1875), 1875-1876
  • Box 8
    Folder 16
    Graduation certificates and attorney license, 1868-1873
  • Box 8
    Folder 17
    Marriage licenses, 1876-1889
  • Box 8
    Folder 18
    Nansemond County, Va., Circuit court, 1904-1907
  • Box 8
    Folder 19
    Receipts, 1874-1896
  • Volume on shelf
    Notebook from University of Virginia, c. 1870
  • Volume on shelf
    Notebook on international, governmental, constitutional, and mercantile law, University of Virginia, 1870-1872
  • Volume on shelf
    Notebook from University of Virginia, 1872
Series IV: Arthur Smith Papers, 1804-1937

The Arthur Smith papers are arranged alphabetically by folder title in one box and one oversize folder (see oversize folder 8). This series consists of account books, circulars, clippings, correspondence, daybooks, promissory notes, and receipts of Arthur Smith of Nansemond County, Virginia. Included are numerous accounts of the post office of Nansemond County, 1804-1812, where Smith was postmaster from 1804-1844. Also included are receipts for monies paid on behalf of the post office, circulars announcing rate increases, and quarterly reports. Also included is an account book of the post office, 1832-1844, contains postal accounts and a list of subscribers of various newspapers and magazines, such as the Richmond Christian Advocate, Christian Sentinel, Norfolk Herald, Norfolk Beacon, and the Philadelphia Courier (Pa.).

Also includes a summons for Smith to appear before the justice of the peace in Suffolk, Virginia, 1849, tax receipts for Nansemond County, 1849, and receipts for the purchase of insurance from the Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia. Smith also operated a general store in Nansemond County and the collection includes a daybook, 1809-1825. The daybook records purchase amounts and payment for cloth, dry goods, hardware, tobacco, lumber, and iron.

When Arthur Smith died in 1849, his son-in-law, John R. Kilby, was appointed executor of the estate, and receipts and promissory notes are included from the estate settlement, 1850-1853. Also included are two newspaper articles from the Norfolk Virginian Pilot on the history of Nansemond County postmasters, 1932 and 1937.

  • Box 9
    Folder 1
    Account book, 1809-1830
  • Box 9
    Folder 2
    Account book, 1832-1844
  • Box 9
    Folder 3
    Daybook, 1809-1825
  • Box 9
    Folder 4
    Papers, 1804-1937
Oversize materials
  • Folder 1
    Land deed and survey between Joseph Lockhard, George Walker, and David Meade, for land in Nansemond County, Va., 1775
  • Folder 1
    Land deed between Mills Cowper and Thomas Swepson for land in Nansemond County, Va., 1807
  • Folder 1
    Land warrant for land in Nansemond County, Va., 1835
  • Folder 1
    Land warrant for land in Nansemond County, Va., to David Jordan and Cadwallander W. Hawes, 1845
  • Folder 2
    Miscellaneous surveys of Nansemond County, Va., including surveys of Kilby and Riddick family lands, 1700-1902
  • Folder 3
    Miscellaneous surveys of Nansemond and Norfolk Counties, Va., and Florida, 1799-1818
  • Folder 4
    Muster rolls and returns for the 16th Virginia Infantry, C.S.A., 1862-1864
  • Folder 5
    Muster rolls for the 59th Virginia Militia, Commanded by Josiah Riddick, Jr., 1813
  • Folder 6
    John R. Kilby certificates from Suffolk College, 1892-1895
  • Folder 7
    Wilbur J. Kilby certificates from Randolph Macon College and Univeristy of Virginia, and attorney license, 1870-1885
  • Folder 8
    Accounts of the post office of Suffolk, Va., 1804-1849